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AIN SHAMS UNIVERSITY {EACULTY OF ENGINEERING (STRUCTURAL $i |STRUCTURAL ENG. DEPT FINAL EXAM. TIME 3 HOURS I STEEL STRUCTURES i ee ee RE SING DATA MAY 32 REASONABLY ASSUMED L USED IS STEEL ee Question The truss shown in ‘gure (1) has been chosen to be the main supe: clement of au industrial building. The spactes between trusses is 5 0m, Trasccold, corrugated steel sheets are used to cover the truss, Two crane bridges over the columns ABC, DE and FGH. The maximum reactions ot ane girder is two loads 8.9 :on each and spaced 2.40 im ed to: {. Design 2 built-up section of pored is :equi 1e crane girder, mm for the column DE and th: ver the bear is 20 kg fm’), : the connection of im AB with the column at i 10.9). (for M » THLS.5 ¢ & Ps=5.59 1) ite very short notes ct of cold forming on the me rent methods of cold forming Explain, using neat sketches, the statical system of the end-gable columns show the different forces affecting it. 4. How the lateral shock of moment (My) on the crane girée 5. How is che braking force of the crane is transmitted to the foundations following (use neat sketches i sical properties of steet “question [" is resisted wi rat causing laters. 22.4 2 = 24.9 m—————-=—3. Figure (2) May 1999 QUESTION (1-1) 1-a) Dead load: assume own weight of girder = 0.15 t/m’ (Ol S GE S— =045 1 max. shear Q,, max. moment M 1b) Live load get max. Qe = 12.80t get max. Mu. = 15.36 mt get My, = 0.1°15.36 = 1.54 mt 1-c) Design values: take "I" the impact factor equal 25% Q, = 0.45 + 12.8°1,25 = 16.45 My = 0.68 + 15.36°1.25 = 19.88 mt M, = 1.54 mt 2) Choice the section: take h. end =50 em get ty from shear and compactness condition 0.35*24=1645 1 <0 300m 50", ne s 23° t, =0.4lom non-compact 4 v2. take min thickness of web = 0.8 cm = (19.88% 100) (0.9750) _ 4 ange = 1 om? fone 7 4 Arange piste = Arango 116 bw X tw = 34.3 cm? byt = 434.3245, em? assume by = 20° getbi=300m & tf, takebh=150m & t calculate 6cm 6 om 50*0.8+30*1.6 = 32.13 om 1, =15*16*132 13-0516) 42552 +50*0,8 [32.13 = 52852 cm* 1.6*30° 4 ly = iam = 3600 om 8 8y k 3.6 ——+—24 — 12.80 i SED. 8 8 ahaa 4 i 5*50 +16) +30*1.6 (0.51.6 +50+1.6) (0.5 *50+1.6)F +30*1.6*[32.13-(0.541.6+5041.6)/° on?