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FREE MARKET ENVIRONMENTALISM DISAD 1

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FREE MARKET ENVIRONMENTALISM DISAD INDEX


Thesis: The thesis of this disadvantage is that a substantial increase in
alternative energy incentives would undercut free market forces which are
moving the United States toward renewable energy in the present system. In
the present system, high oil prices are creating a massive market incentive
for companies to develop renewable energy on their own—without
government funding and financing. However, the plan would provide
financial incentives from the government to promote alternative energy,
distorting the free market forces pushing the country toward renewable
energy sources. Government intervention has a historically poor track record
of “picking” the best companies and technologies in the marketplace,
undercutting the best methods of creating renewable energy in the United
States. Absent a strong renewable energy infrastructure, dependence on
foreign energy sources and environmental destruction will persist, causing
the affirmative plan to actually backfire with regard to its intended goals. In
addition, the need for the affirmative case is completely obviated, as market
forces alone will provide the best and most efficient alternative energy
sources available.

FREE MARKET ENVIRONMENTALISM DISAD INDEX.............................................1


FREE MARKET ENVIRONMENTALISM DA SHELL (1/2)...........................................2
FREE MARKET ENVIRONMENTALISM DA SHELL (2/2)...........................................3
UNIQUENESS EXTENSIONS...........................................................................................4
UNIQUENESS EXTENSIONS...........................................................................................5
UNIQUENESS EXTENSIONS...........................................................................................6
TIME FRAME: NOW KEY TIME.....................................................................................7
LINK EXTENSIONS: Subsidies/Incentives......................................................................8
LINK EXTENSIONS: Subsidies/Incentives......................................................................9
LINK EXTENSIONS: Mandates/Regulations.................................................................10
IMPACT EXTENSIONS: FREE MARKET SOLVES BEST..........................................11
IMPACT EXTENSIONS: FREE MARKET SOLVES BEST..........................................12
IMPACT EXTENSIONS: FREE MARKET SOLVES BEST..........................................13
Impact Extensions: Renewables Are Good.......................................................................14
*****Affirmative Answers*****......................................................................................15
Affirmative Answers..........................................................................................................16
FREE MARKET ENVIRONMENTALISM DISAD 2
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FREE MARKET ENVIRONMENTALISM DA SHELL (1/2)


A) UNIQUENESS: High oil prices are causing a move to
alternative energy now:
Richard Valdmanis, 6/2/2008
(http://www.reuters.com/article/CentralEuropeanInvestment08/idUSSP32671320080602)
"The oil price is unsustainable. I think we've reached the point now where we're starting
to see significant responses from consumers," said Jim Hamilton, professor at the University of California
in San Diego. The silver lining could be in how the world fights back. Whereas in the 70s, governments looked mainly to
conservation as a way to ease price woes, this
era is looking to increased investment in alternative
energies and better oil field technology to reach more resources. "Our time is very definitely
coming," said Jeremy Leggett, chairman of British solar power company Solarcentury and former environmental campaigner. "The
world is going to be beating a path to our doors... The oil crunch is coming soon." In a sign of the shifting mentality, legendary Texas
oil man T. Boone Pickens -- who made billions betting on higher oil prices -- has gone green with a plan to spend $10 billion to build
record U.S. crude
the world's biggest wind farm. Energy analyst and oil historian Daniel Yergin said earlier this month that
oil prices have reached a "break point" that will spur a shift away from an oil-centric
transportation sector toward alternatives. Alternative fuels have already made big
inroads into energy markets, with ethanol making up some 7 percent of the U.S. gasoline
pool thanks to government mandates and subsidies.

B) LINK: GOVERNMENTAL ALTERNATIVE ENERGY


INCENTIVES DISTORT THE FREE MARKET’S ABILITY TO
PROVIDE THE INNOVATION NECESSARY FOR EFFECTIVE
ALTERNATIVE ENERGY.
Stuart Butler & Kim Holmes, 2007 (Vice President for Domestic and Economic
Policy Studies & Vice President for Foreign and Defense Policy Studies at
Heritage Foundation. Twelve Principles to Guide U.S. Energy Policy. Online.
Internet. Accessed, February 10, 2008,
http://www.heritage.org/Research/EnergyandEnvironment/bg2046.cfm).
Rely on the private sector's research and development capabilities. The competitive private sector is
best able to improve fuel efficiency and develop the next generation of fuels.
There are many guesses as to what the “new oil” might be, but no one knows for
certain—least of all the federal government. We do know, however, that finding and
commercializing these new fuels is crucially important to our economic future. The best way to secure
abundant energy sources in the future is to encourage entrepreneurs to discover
them, not for agencies and congressional committees to try to pick winners with
directed research, regulations, mandates, and subsidies. Entrepreneurs need a
regulatory, trade, and tax system that creates the best climate for private-sector
innovation.
FREE MARKET ENVIRONMENTALISM DISAD 3
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FREE MARKET ENVIRONMENTALISM DA SHELL (2/2)


C) IMPACTS:

1) Central governmental planning frustrates the ability of the


free market to provide for new energy sources.
Stuart Butler & Kim Holmes, 2007 (Vice President for Domestic and Economic
Policy Studies & Vice President for Foreign and Defense Policy Studies at
Heritage Foundation. Twelve Principles to Guide U.S. Energy Policy. Online.
Internet. Accessed, February 10, 2008,
http://www.heritage.org/Research/EnergyandEnvironment/bg2046.cfm).
U.S. energy policy should recognize that the creativity of free enterprise is best
suited to building the infrastructure that is needed for exploration and distribution,
producing domestic supplies safely, and developing viable new energy sources. To unleash
American entrepreneurship, Congress and the Administration should let the free
market do its job. Central planning frustrates the functioning of markets and
undermines security by limiting opportunities to adapt and innovate. Washington must
clear away the red tape that obstructs energy production and innovation while also assuring safety and appropriate
environmental protection.

2) New energy sources key to stopping Middle East wars and


stopping climate change:
Gary Hart, 2007 (Former United States Senator, April 24, 2007. Online.
Internet. May 7, 2007. http://www.denverpost.com/opinion/ci_5741007)
Our policy of oil dependence is why we are engaged in the second Persian Gulf
war in a decade and why we will continue to fight wars in the Gulf for decades to
come. To believe that military intervention is the key to security is to badly miss
the point. Were we to become sufficiently independent of Persian Gulf oil, so that
our economy could flourish without it, we would liberate our foreign and defense
policies, contribute substantially to solving climate change, make our livelihood more secure,
liberate resources for education and health, and dramatically increase our sense of genuine
security.

3) Middle East war risks nuclear war:


Steinbach 2002 (µwww.converge.org.nz/pma/mat0036.htm§, 3 March 2002)
"Should war break out in the Middle East again,... or should any Arab nation fire missiles
against Israel, as the Iraqis did, a nuclear escalation, once unthinkable except as a last
resort, would now be a strong probability." Seymour Hersh(1)
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UNIQUENESS EXTENSIONS
High oil prices triggering push for alternative energy now:
Richard Valdmanis, 6/2/2008
(http://www.reuters.com/article/CentralEuropeanInvestment08/idUSSP32671320080602)
NEW YORK (Reuters) - A surge in the price of crude is threatening global growth for the first
time in decades and spurring a desperate surge in interest in energy alternatives and
new technology to keep conventional oil flowing.

Higher energy prices are spurring a transition to renewable


energy now:
Ray Unger, 6/13/2008 (chair of Forward Investment Advisors The Capital Times, Lexis,
accessed June 19, 2008)
I know many environmentalists are fretting about how petulant and shortsighted many of our political leaders are about global
The cap and trade bill, in particular, showed how regional interests can sway even
warming.
the most ardent supporters of global warming legislation. But they should take solace that
free-market forces - namely higher energy prices - are creating incentives to reverse
global warming's impact on our world economy. The DWS Climate Fund invests in companies that have these
incentives.

HIGH OIL PRICES PUSH THE US TOWARD ALTERNATIVE


ENERGY
Steve A. Yetiv, 2/6/2006 (staff writer, San Diego Union-Tribune, Lexis, Accessed
January 27, 2008).
From Wall Street to Main Street, people hate high oil prices because they cause economic pain. But like coffee, red wine, and perhaps
even chocolate, high oil prices can do some good too. Current energy legislation, which was passed
by Congress and signed by President Bush in August 2005, moved America in the right direction, but it has a core weakness. This
fails to do what
legislation, like President Bush's vision of oil independence laid out in his recent State of the Union speech,
higher oil prices can accomplish: decrease oil consumption in the transportation sector
where 70 percent of oil is used and diminish our dependence on foreign oil. Current energy
legislation, and President Bush's vision, does encourage power sources such as nuclear, coal, solar and wind. But, with the potential
partial exception of solar power, they can't run vehicles. Astonishingly, less than one-eighth of that $14.6 billion in energy legislation
what can high oil prices do that America's energy
actually decreased oil use in transportation. In particular,
policy fails to do? First, sooner or later, high oil prices spur the development of
alternative energy resources because they make it more profitable to produce them. The
higher prices go, the more entrepreneurs and companies around the world work to move
us beyond the hazardous petroleum era.
FREE MARKET ENVIRONMENTALISM DISAD 5
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UNIQUENESS EXTENSIONS
High oil prices are making alternative sources of energy more
viable:
Derek Brower, 2008 (staff writer, Prospect Magazine. January 31, 2008. Online. Lexis.
Accessed February 10, 2008)
Crude prices are close to their historical real-price high-the result of America's failed military adventures
in the middle east, the economic rise of China and India and the "resource nationalism" of producer countries like Russia and
Venezuela. There are other, more short-term reasons why the price of oil breached the $100-a-barrel mark in New York this January-
But one
among them deficiencies in the US refining sector and a rush of "speculative" money into the commodities markets.
effect of the $100 barrel is to make alternative sources of energy-and of oil-more
economically viable.

Market forces will allow the growth of alternative fuels in the


status quo.
Charles T. Drevna, 2008 (President of the National Petrochemical and Refiners
Association, February 7, 2008. CQ Congressional Testimony. Online. Lexis. Accessed
February 10, 2008).
There is universal agreement that alternative fuels will continue to be a strong and
growing component of our nation’s transportation fuel mix. However, as we have stated on many
occasions, including last year before this Committee, NPRA opposes the mandated use of alternative fuels and supports the sensible
and workable integration of alternative fuels into the marketplace based on market principles.

Companies are increasingly moving toward renewable energy


investments:
Wireless News, January 17, 2008. (staff writer. Online. Lexis. Accessed March 7,
2008).
Reinforcing GE's ecomagination program, GE Energy Financial Services announced that it has raised
its 2010 renewable energy investing target by 50 percent to $6 billion, and has just topped
$3 billion. GE Energy Financial Services, a unit of GE, crossed the $3 billion mark with
its single highest-value wind deal, a $300 million investment in wind projects spanning
four states. GE Energy Financial Services is investing equity in the 600-megawatt portfolio of wind farms in Oregon,
Minnesota, Illinois and Texas owned by Houston-based Horizon Wind Energy LLC, a large US wind farm developer that is a
GE Energy Financial Services' goal of investing $6 billion
subsidiary of EDP- Energias de Portugal SA.
in renewable energy by 2010 is a major acceleration of a previously announced target of
$4 billion.
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UNIQUENESS EXTENSIONS
Major corporations are increasingly investing in renewable
energy:
Wireless News, January 17, 2008. (staff writer. Online. Lexis. Accessed March 7,
2008).
"Thanks to our strong customer relationships, our expertise, GE's technical capabilities,
high fossil fuel prices and popular support for cleaner power, renewable energy has
become our fastest-growing business," said Alex Urquhart, President and CEO of GE Energy Financial Services.
"With our broad capabilities to invest equity and debt within and outside the United
States -- not only in wind but in solar, biomass, hydro and geothermal power -- we have
become a major player in a $60 billion annual renewable energy market."

Free markets are already leading to higher miles-per-gallon


vehicles.
Cheryl K. Chumley, 2008 (staff writer. Environment News. Online. Internet. Accessed
February 10, 2008. http://www.heartland.org/Article.cfm?artId=22603)
Max Schulz, a senior fellow with the Manhattan Institute who specializes in energy
policy, believes auto manufacturers agreed to the tightened CAFE standards because of
free-market advances that are naturally leading to higher miles-per-gallon vehicles
anyway. "Detroit automakers have been correct in the past to oppose these CAFE
standards, but [their] willingness to go along with this measure leads me to think they're
going to be able to meet the new targets," Schulz said. "But that's not because of what
Congress is doing. It's because of new technology ... sort of the free market at work."
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TIME FRAME: NOW KEY TIME


Now is the key time for alternative energy—decisions today will
affect the energy landscape for a decade:
Richard Valdmanis, 6/2/2008
(http://www.reuters.com/article/CentralEuropeanInvestment08/idUSSP32671320080602)
How companies and governments navigate the treacherous energy landscape -- which
some analysts liken to that of the 1970s and 1980s -- will shape the future of the global
economy and potentially tilt the geopolitical balance, experts said. "What happens ten
years down the road will be determined by the decisions made on energy today," said
David Kirsch, analyst at PFC Energy in Washington. "Countries need to get serious about
the underlying problem of demand for oil."
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LINK EXTENSIONS: Subsidies/Incentives


Subsidies for renewable energy undermine the innovation
needed to promote new renewable technologies.
James Taylor, 2008 (staff writer, Environment News. January 1, 2008. Online. Internet. Accessed.
February 10, 2008. http://www.heartland.org/Article.cfm?artId=22424)
“It would be bad enough if these heavy subsidies were simply inefficient,” observed Tom Tanton,
vice president of the Institute for Energy Research. “Worse, the subsidies to renewables are actually
counterproductive. “Originally intended to spur innovation and bring these ‘infant’
technologies to market,” Tanton explained, “the subsidies are so fat--actually morbidly obese--
that any incentive to innovate has long gone. “When the government is paying
upwards of 65 percent of your operating costs, it is hardly worthwhile to look for 2 or 3
percent gains on margin from improved efficiency or technology,” said Tanton. “By propping
up inefficient and ineffective producers, at the expense of both consumers and the few
efficient producers, innovation is stifled rather than encouraged.”

Governmental initiatives undermine the ability of energy


companies to promote America’s energy needs:
Stuart Butler & Kim Holmes, 2007 (Vice President for Domestic and Economic Policy
Studies & Vice President for Foreign and Defense Policy Studies at Heritage Foundation.
Twelve Principles to Guide U.S. Energy Policy. Online. Internet. Accessed, February
10, 2008, http://www.heritage.org/Research/EnergyandEnvironment/bg2046.cfm).
Meanwhile, many Americans harbor misunderstandings and myths about energy and market
forces. They want low energy prices and plentiful supply but resist the steps that energy
companies must take to achieve these goals. This confusion leads their representatives in
Congress to enact conflicting policies that harm America's ability to meet its energy
needs. This has to change.

A return to cheaper oil prices will decrease enthusiasm for


alternative energy:
Laura Thomas Gebert, 2007 (J.D. candidate, Barry University School of Law, Barry Law
Review, Spring 2007. Online. Lexis. Accessed February 10, 2008).
There is no guarantee that California's Solar Initiative will be as successful as its promoters hope. Although the Yale
Study suggests that Americans are receptive to the idea of alternative energy, the study
does not indicate how much of American sentiment is caused by the latest spike in oil
prices. Common sense suggests that a return of inexpensive oil could cause public
enthusiasm for alternative energy to wane. In addition, although a central tenet of the California plan is that the
price of solar energy will fall as demand for photovoltaic panels increases, this idea is speculative.
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LINK EXTENSIONS: Subsidies/Incentives


The plan’s adds unpredictability to the market for alternative
energy—destroying market effectiveness:
Stuart Butler & Kim Holmes, 2007 (Vice President for Domestic and Economic Policy
Studies & Vice President for Foreign and Defense Policy Studies at Heritage Foundation.
Twelve Principles to Guide U.S. Energy Policy. Online. Internet. Accessed, February
10, 2008, http://www.heritage.org/Research/EnergyandEnvironment/bg2046.cfm).
In today's dangerous world, policymakers must take steps to secure America's energy sources and protect the nation's energy
infrastructure. However, they also need to keep down the economic cost of achieving security by
enabling the energy production and distribution market to operate as efficiently as
possible. Markets function most efficiently when they are transparent and predictable and
when businesses can respond to market incentives.
FREE MARKET ENVIRONMENTALISM DISAD 10
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LINK EXTENSIONS: Mandates/Regulations


Governmental mandates of particular kinds of renewable energy
destroy free market innovation:
Charles T. Drevna, 2008 (President of the National Petrochemical and Refiners
Association, February 7, 2008. CQ Congressional Testimony. Online. Lexis. Accessed
February 10, 2008).
Energy policy based on mandates is not a recipe for success. There is no free market if
every gallon of biofuels - including those that do not exist - is mandated. Mandates distort markets
and result in stifled competition and innovation. Ethanol is currently used in more than half of U.S.
gasoline supplies. And despite the misperceptions, our industry supports the use of renewables. In fact, we are currently the largest
allowing the
consumers of ethanol and will continue to rely on ethanol as a vital gasoline blend stock. However, we believe that
market to operate is the best way to address consumer needs at reasonable prices.

Governmental efforts to force renewable energy use distort the


marketplace.
Ben Lieberman, 2007 (senior policy analyst in the Roe Institute for Economic Policy
Studies, December 22, 2007. Online. Internet. Accessed February 10, 2008,
http://www.heritage.org/Press/Commentary/ed122207a.cfm).
There shouldn't be any mystery why these laws fail. They all involve Congress trying to
force the public into using something the marketplace has rejected. If newfangled toilets or
increased ethanol usage actually made sense, they would catch on without heavy-handed
government mandates. Ditto the required modifications to appliances. More often than not, this kind of
government interference with the free market works to the detriment of consumers.
Washington may think it is passing energy bills, but all it's really doing is proving the law of unintended consequences.

Governmental mandates undermine environmental goals.


Stuart Butler & Kim Holmes, 2007 (Vice President for Domestic and Economic Policy
Studies & Vice President for Foreign and Defense Policy Studies at Heritage Foundation.
Twelve Principles to Guide U.S. Energy Policy. Online. Internet. Accessed, February
10, 2008, http://www.heritage.org/Research/EnergyandEnvironment/bg2046.cfm).
Avoid costly environmental regulatory mandates that will achieve little environmental
gain. Numerous costly regulations have been proposed or implemented to address various
environmental goals, from water quality to global warming. However, past experience—
such as with the morass of gasoline regulations that push up the price at the pump and the
requirements that have stopped construction of any new coal-fired power plants for the
past 15 years—shows that mandates can be expensive and economically harmful while
making only marginal progress toward environmental goals. The full cost of current and
proposed regulations and mandates, including the economic and security impact, should
be evaluated and compared with the likely environmental gain.
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IMPACT EXTENSIONS: FREE MARKET SOLVES BEST

Private sector development best promotes energy


independence and a move away from fossil fuels.
Stuart Butler & Kim Holmes, 2007 (Vice President for Domestic and Economic
Policy Studies & Vice President for Foreign and Defense Policy Studies at
Heritage Foundation. Twelve Principles to Guide U.S. Energy Policy. Online.
Internet. Accessed, February 10, 2008,
http://www.heritage.org/Research/EnergyandEnvironment/bg2046.cfm).
Ensure that any effort to reduce reliance on foreign oil is grounded in policies that
are best for the economy. Reducing oil imports from unstable or unfriendly regimes should be done in a way
that minimizes the economic cost to Americans. Policies such as raising taxes on gasoline while
mandating or subsidizing expensive or unproven alternative fuels and vehicles
lead to large costs with marginal—or even negative—results. The first steps in
reducing reliance on foreign oil are to make full use of domestic petroleum
reserves and to remove disincentives to investment in oil production from friendly
nations. These should be coupled with efforts to encourage diversification away from petroleum, which will be best
achieved not by government fiat, but by the private sector–led development of alternatives that can compete in their own
right.

The free market is the best way to promote energy innovation.


International Chamber of Commerce, 2007 (Policy statement. May 2007. Online.
Internet.
http://www.iccwbo.org/uploadedFiles/ICC/policy/Environment/Policy%20Statem
ent%20Energy%20Security.pdf)
· Governments should establish stable, long-term energy policy, recognizing the
need for open, competitive markets supported by reliable legal, fiscal and
regulatory frameworks to encourage energy investment and innovation that
responds to and marshals market forces.
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IMPACT EXTENSIONS: FREE MARKET SOLVES BEST


Business investments in the energy sector function best in a
free, open marketplace.
International Chamber of Commerce, 2007 (Policy statement. May 2007. Online.
Internet.
http://www.iccwbo.org/uploadedFiles/ICC/policy/Environment/Policy%20Statem
ent%20Energy%20Security.pdf)
Business plays a crucial role in energy security. The private sector provides
significant investment and produces, transports and distributes energy to end
users, and is a significant energy user itself. Business’ ability to generate
economic growth and its associated benefits (basic infrastructure development, job creation,
technology transfer, sustainable development and in some cases regional benefits) depends on access to
reliable, affordable energy. Business provides solutions to energy security
challenges through research and development of new energy-relevant
technologies and subsequent commercialization, deployment and transfer.
Business operates most effectively to meet demand in open, competitive markets.
This is true not only in local markets driven by individual consumers, but also in
today's increasingly global energy markets. Business exploration for energy supplies, energy
efficiency and conservation measures are all important contributions to balancing future energy supply and demand.

Free enterprise best protects America’s energy interests.


Stuart Butler & Kim Holmes, 2007 (Vice President for Domestic and Economic
Policy Studies & Vice President for Foreign and Defense Policy Studies at
Heritage Foundation. Twelve Principles to Guide U.S. Energy Policy. Online.
Internet. Accessed, February 10, 2008,
http://www.heritage.org/Research/EnergyandEnvironment/bg2046.cfm).
Americans clearly understand that freedom, opportunity, and their very quality of
life suffer when abundant, affordable energy supplies are threatened. They expect
Washington to enact policies that protect their interests. Congress and the
Administration would do this best by following these 12 principles to unleash the
power of free enterprise, protect America's energy interests, and advance freedom
in energy markets not just at home, but worldwide.
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IMPACT EXTENSIONS: FREE MARKET SOLVES BEST


Free markets create incentives for energy conservation.
Lawrence Kudlow, 2006 (former Reagan economic advisor. April 26, 2006.
Online. Internet. Accessed February 10, 2008.
http://lkmp.blogspot.com/2006/04/free-markets-work.html)
Confiscating Lee Raymond’s bank account will not produce more energy. Nor
will breaking up oil companies as per Sen. Chuck Schumer’s goofy idea. And a
windfall profits tax will only lower energy exploration and investment. The point
is free markets work. Rising prices from the global economic boom will lead to
more conservation, less consumption, and more production. That is, if
government steps out of the way, deregulates sufficiently, and finally allows
drilling in ANWR, the Outer Continental Shelf, sets up LNG terminals, and
creates nuclear power facilities. Just look at the deregulated boom in Canadian oil
sands production.

Any failure to develop renewable energy solutions is because


renewables are not economically feasible.
James Taylor, 2008 (staff writer, Environment News. January 1, 2008. Online.
Internet. Accessed. February 10, 2008.
http://www.heartland.org/Article.cfm?artId=22424)
The GAO report, released October 26, directly contradicts assertions by
renewable power advocates who claim fossil fuels receive disproportionately
favorable federal subsidies. “GAO is to be complimented for finally exposing the
folly of excessive subsidies to the renewable energy industry,” said Jay Lehr,
science director for The Heartland Institute. “Wind, solar, and biofuels have been
around and in use for nearly a century, and if renewable power could have been
made economically feasible for large-scale use, entrepreneurs and industries
would already have created a successful renewable power industry.”
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Impact Extensions: Renewables Are Good


[Note the affirmative may have already claimed such advantages]

The failure to develop adequate alternative energy supplies


risks future wars for oil
Gerald Kaufman, 2007 (May 2, 2007. Online. Internet. May 7, 2007.
http://www.sun-sentinel.com/news/opinion/letters/sfl-
pb312may02,0,5136194.story?coll=sfla-news-letters)
In my opinion, we are being governed by politicians who have been false to their
obligations and therefore by definition are traitors. By not developing a
comprehensive, credible plan to reduce our dependence on imported oil, we are in
effect being encouraged to pollute our atmosphere, go to war for oil and enrich
our enemies. This will continue until we demand action to remedy the situation. I
challenge our elected officials to start a dialogue with their constituents and prove
me wrong.

High oil prices will lead to solutions to global warming.


Steve A. Yetiv, 2006 (San Diego Union-Tribune, February 6. Online. Lexis.
Accessed February 10, 2008).
Fourth, high oil prices benefit the environment. Indeed, one study has shown that
a broad energy tax on carbon content in fuels would reduce oil use and carbon
emissions by over 10 percent. For that matter, vehicles that run on fuel cells emit
only water and heat as waste, and hybrids emit more limited emissions than
conventional vehicles. Since carbon emissions cause global warming -- a
scientific fact rather than science fiction -- we should tip our hats to high oil
prices, in this respect.
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*****Affirmative Answers*****
(--) No link: evidence isn’t specific to the affirmative plan

(--) No threshold: no reason the plan decreases prices enough


to trigger the disad

(--) Non-unique: High oil prices merely causing a push for new
forms of fossil fuels:
Richard Valdmanis, 6/2/2008
(http://www.reuters.com/article/CentralEuropeanInvestment08/idUSSP32671320080602)
Americans have already tapped the brakes on their notoriously voracious road
travel and are also starting buy more fuel efficient cars in a shift away from
SUV's. But the move isn't all green. Rising prices and the scarcity of
conventional supplies have triggered an inflow of cash into development of
nonconventional petroleum sources -- like the Alberta oil sands, gas shale in
Colorado and technology to turn coal into motorfuel -- that could be harmful to
the environment. Companies have already poured $100 billion into the Alberta
oil sands and hope to triple production by 2015. "The signals that (record oil)
could send are a little scary," said Chris Walker, the North American director of
The Climate Group, an international nonprofit organization.

(--) The case solves the impact: we cause renewable energy

(--) Non-unique: High oil prices is causing a push for drilling,


not renewables:
Moira Herbst, 6/20/2008 (staff writer, Business Week,
http://www.businessweek.com/bwdaily/dnflash/content/jun2008/db20080619_412349.ht
m?chan=top+news_top+news+index_news+%2B+analysis)
High energy prices are painful for consumers, but they're giving politicians plenty of rhetorical
opportunities. On June 18, President George W. Bush kicked off a speech with an empathetic refrain heard often in Washington
these days. "For many Americans, there is no more pressing concern than the price of
gasoline," he said at a press conference. "Truckers and farmers and small business owners have been hit especially hard. Every
American who drives to work, purchases food, or ships a product has felt the effect. And families across our country are looking to
Bush's preferred response: lift a ban on drilling off the U.S. coast,
Washington for a response."
open Alaska's Arctic National Wildlife Refuge to drilling, develop oil shale resources, and
expand domestic oil-refining capacity. He echoed the views of the GOP Presidential candidate, Senator John
McCain (R-Ariz.), who this week also called for more offshore drilling and new nuclear power plants. They follow the June 17
announcement by Florida Gov. Charlie Crist, who surprised many by reversing his long-stated opposition to drilling off that state's
coast. "I mean, let's face it, the price of gas has gone through the roof, and Florida families are suffering. And my heart bleeds for
them," Crist said, according to the Associated Press.
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Affirmative Answers
(--) Turn: FOOD PRICES

A) High oil prices cause high food prices


Richard Valdmanis, 6/2/2008
(http://www.reuters.com/article/CentralEuropeanInvestment08/idUSSP32671320080602)
High prices are hitting motorists at the pumps, hobbling energy-intensive industries like
airlines and freight and feeding broader inflation including prices hikes for food that have
led to protests and even in extreme cases riots around the world. "The oil price is
unsustainable. I think we've reached the point now where we're starting to see significant
responses from consumers," said Jim Hamilton, professor at the University of California
in San Diego.

B) Food price increases threaten 1.1 billion people


Power, staff, Tampa Tribune, January 20, 1996, Lexis
"Even if they are merely blips, higher international prices can hurt poor countries that
import a significant portion of their food," he said. "Rising prices can also quickly put
food out of reach of the 1.1 billion people in the developing world who live on a dollar
a day or less." He also said many people in low-income countries already spend more
than half of their income on food.

(--) Turn: Global recession:

A) Oil price hikes threaten a global recession:


Richard Valdmanis, 6/2/2008
(http://www.reuters.com/article/CentralEuropeanInvestment08/idUSSP32671320080602)
In the meantime continued price hikes are darkening the clouds on the global economic
horizon. Energy experts said a continued rise could worsen an economic slowdown in
Europe and the United States, already hit by a housing slump and credit crisis and
potentially trigger a decisive recession. It's also bad news for the developing Asian
economies that fueled the spike, threatening to slow down their pace of growth. "We'll
see growth slow globally," said Jay Bryson, global economist at Wachovia Bank. "But the big losers are the
oil importers of the world, including (South) Korea, Japan, China and a lot of other Asian
economies in general."

B) Economic Decline Causes Nuclear War:


Walter Mead, NPQ's Board of Advisors, New Perspectives Quarterly, Summer 1992, p.30
What if the global economy stagnates-or even shrinks? In the case, we will face a new
period of international conflict: South against North, rich against poor, Russia, China,
India-these countries with their billions of people and their nuclear weapons will pose a
much greater danger to world order than Germany and Japan did in the '30s.