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SDI 2008 Coal DA

Coal DA – Index
Coal DA – Index............................................................................................................................................................................1
Coal DA – 1NC ............................................................................................................................................................................2
2NC MUST READ........................................................................................................................................................................3
Coal DA – Unq .............................................................................................................................................................................4
Coal DA – Unq .............................................................................................................................................................................5
Renewable Energy Link ...............................................................................................................................................................6
RPS Link.......................................................................................................................................................................................7
Emissions Cap Link.......................................................................................................................................................................8
CAP-AND-TRADE LINKS..........................................................................................................................................................9
Nuclear Power Links ..................................................................................................................................................................10
Nuclear Power Links...................................................................................................................................................................11
Clean Coal Solves Warming........................................................................................................................................................12
DA TURNS THE CASE – STABLE ENERGY MARKETS......................................................................................................13
COAL GOOD – ENVIRONMENT............................................................................................................................................14
CLEAN COAL KEY TO ECONOMY........................................................................................................................................15
COAL KEY TO THE ECONOMY.............................................................................................................................................16
***AFF ANSWERS***
Not Unique – Industry Dying......................................................................................................................................................17
Clean Coal Bad – Environment...................................................................................................................................................18
Clean Coal Bad – Inefficient.......................................................................................................................................................19
Clean Coal Bad............................................................................................................................................................................20
WASHINGTON - One of the world’s top climate scientists called for an end to building new coal-fired power plants in the
United States because of their huge role in spewing out greenhouse gases that contribute to global warming. In the next
decade of so, 159 coal-fired power plants are scheduled to be built, generating enough power for about 96 million homes,
according to a study last month by the U.S. Department of Energy. “There should be a moratorium on building any more
coal-fired power plants,” NASA scientist James Hansen told the National Press Club Monday. Hansen was one of the earliest
top researchers to warn the world of global warming. Hansen’s call dovetails with an edict by the private equity group
buying TXU, a massive Texas-based utility. The equity group, led by Kohlberg Kravis Roberts & Co. and Texas Pacific
Group, agreed to stop plans to build eight new coal-fired power plants, not to propose new coal-fired plants outside Texas and
to support mandatory national caps on emissions linked to global warming. This is the first time Hansen, director of
NASA’s Goddard Institute for Space Studies in New York, has called for an end to coal burning. He said it’s the No. 1
solution to global warming, and that so far, no coal-fired plants can capture carbon dioxide emissions so they are not released
into the atmosphere. While burning oil and natural gas also release carbon dioxide, they will run out and there’s more coal
to burn and pollute the Earth, so it’s more of a threat, Hansen said. “Coal is the big amount,” Hansen said. “Until we have
that clean coal power plant, we should not be building them. It is as clear as a bell.” Hansen, who said he was speaking as a
private citizen, also told the press club that by mid-century all coal-fired power plants that do not capture and bury carbon
dioxide “must eventually be bulldozed.” It’s foolish to build new ones if the emissions can’t be dealt with, he said. He said
the increased efficiency could make up for the cutbacks in coal. ...........................................................................................20
Clean Coal Bad............................................................................................................................................................................21
COAL BAD - ENVIRONMENT................................................................................................................................................22

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SDI 2008 Coal DA

Coal DA – 1NC
UNQ – Coal industry is gaining momentum – clean coal
Montague director Environmental Research Foundation 08 Peter Rachel's Democracy & Health News 3/6 proquest
You may have heard that "coal is dead." But this is not the case; in its struggle for survival, the coal industry has an ace in the
hole. In July of this year, the industrialized nations of the world are going to announce their united support for "clean coal."
Canada, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, Russia, the United Kingdom and the U.S. are about to sanction burying today's global
warming problem in the ground, passing it along to our children to manage essentially forever.

LINK - Transition to renewable energy kills the coal industry
Andrews, Analyst New York Times, 06/12/07 Edmund Senate Considers New Energy Package
http://www.pbs.org/newshour/bb/politics/jan-june07/energy_06-12.html
My own feeling is that the industry who has the most to gain and the most to lose, potentially, is the coal industry. Coal is the main
source of electricity in this country, so the electric utilities are their biggest customer, the coal producer's biggest customer. If
we now go to a system that requires a much higher percentage of renewable fuels to be used by power-generating companies,
that's going to whack them.

IMPACT - Strong coal production is critical to sustain global economic and political stability
Burke, 4 – Vice President, Research & Development of CONSOL Energy, Inc
(Dr. Francis P. Burke, FDCH Congressional Testimony, 4-27-2004, “Sustainable Electricity Generation,” Lexis-Nexis Universe) // JMP
The United States is not unique in its dependence on coal, and it is vital to our national interest to promote the increased use
of coal not only domestically, but worldwide as a key component of our energy and economic security. The most compelling
evidence of this is China. This year, the Chinese will mine and consume 1.5 billion tons of coal. In 15 years, they will
consume 2.5 billion tons; China's increase alone will equal our current consumption. They expect to double their coal-fueled
electricity generating capacity to 600 GW by 2020. By 2040, the Chinese expect to use 4 billion tons of coal annually.
Throughout the world, economic growth and political stability are tied to electrification, and electricity is tied to coal.
Therefore, the desire and, in fact, the necessity of the world to utilize its abundant coal resources will not be denied. Energy
availability and energy quality are key to meeting all three aspects of sustainable development: economic, societal and
environmental. The question is not whether we need or will use coal for human development, but how we will use it.

Economic collapse leads to global conflict
Walter Russell Mead, contributing editor to Opinion and a senior fellow at the Council on Foreign Relations, Los Angeles
Times, August 23, 1998, p. M1
Even with stock markets tottering around the world, the president and the Congress seem determined to spend the next six months arguing about dress
stains. Too bad. The United States and the world are facing what could grow into the greatest threat to world peace in 60 years. Forget suicide car
bombers and Afghan fanatics. It's the financial markets, not the terrorist training camps that pose the biggest immediate threat to world peace. How can
this be? Think about the mother of all global meltdowns: the Great Depression that started in 1929. U.S. stocks began to collapse in October,
staged a rally, then the market headed south big time. At the bottom, the Dow Jones industrial average had lost 90% of its value. Wages plummeted,
thousands of banks and brokerages went bankrupt, millions of people lost their jobs. There were similar horror stories worldwide. But the biggest
impact of the Depression on the United States--and on world history--wasn't money. It was blood: World War II, to be exact. The Depression
brought Adolf Hitler to power in Germany, undermined the ability of moderates to oppose Joseph Stalin's power in Russia, and convinced the Japanese
military that the country had no choice but to build an Asian empire, even if that meant war with the United States and Britain. That's the thing about
depressions. They aren't just bad for your 401(k). Let the world economy crash far enough, and the rules change. We stop playing "The
Price is Right" and start up a new round of "Saving Private Ryan."

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Natural gas projections call for a 24-percent drop due to insufficient production and forced imports of liquid natural gas. driven by increased electrical generation needs. Coal usage is projected to rise 48 percent over that period. But investments such as Alliance plans come with increasing risk. Federal government projections estimate that will grow to 4. when rising international demand spurred a spike not just in the U. nuclear. Even with rising consumption. But he suggested that could aid the U. the last ones built in the 1980s. he said. He urged leaders to increase spending on research to solve these environmental and electrical generation issues while providing another technology for the U. He said utilities have not moved fast enough to refurbish or replace many coal-fired plants built in the 1980s.S. because more often than not all they want is more money.S. he said. "The cost of electricity is driven by a large part on the percent of coal used to generate it. That move reflects anticipated long-term growth for both U. Craft said states paying the highest electrical rates are those that draw the smallest percent of their power from coal-fired plants. Craft III told a sold-out University of Tulsa Friends of Finance audience Tuesday. JOURNAL RECORD. President and Chief Executive Joseph W. "Whether they listen or not is not my decision. bringing its inventory to 11." said Craft. which he said have tripled since 2005.56 megawatts capacity. As for natural gas. Craft said the inability for domestic production to meet rising demand has not only driven natural gas prices higher but forced importation of LNG.S. with the answer helping determine not just future U. we do have a benefit. Only the current low value of the U. as scientists and politicians debate potential carbon emission regulations.S." he said of politicians.S." 3 .S. He said he embraced increase usage of renewable. said Craft. March 12.. "I hope we just think it through so that if we do have a cost.. defending his industry's performance and interests while linking future gross domestic product growth to a continued abundance of inexpensive electricity.39 megawatts. Craft warned that the environmental debate has slowed more than the construction of nuclear power plants. Another 67 plants are in the early planning stages. Only five are now under construction for an industry that needs to build 40 just to maintain its market share. if taken without regard for existing technological capabilities and increased research. MORE RELIABLE SOURCE OF ENERGY DAVIS 2008 [Kirby. to export. and world demand for coal. Craft said coal prices remained relatively stable until recent times.SDI 2008 Coal DA 2NC MUST READ COAL INDUSTRY STRONG NOW – INCREASING FOCUS ON RENEWABLE EXPANSION AND CARBON REGULATION WILL COLLAPSE THE INDUSTRY – COAL IS A CHEAPER. comprising the majority of power generation. The sources also remain plagued by intermittent availability and continued storage problems. dollar cast a shadow on rising coal exports. promising 65. Those 47 plants promise to generate 42. As a result. proquest/Scheurell] Alliance Resource Partners will invest $600 million over the next three to four years to bring three new coal mines online. Craft worried that U.9 billion kilowatts by 2030. with improved sulfur removal technologies allowing the coal-fired market share to hit 57 percent. "The question's going to be. he said. "I'm going to do my best to try to educate them. while nuclear power generation would climb 19 percent and petroleum sources 9 percent. While natural gas prices rose." Craft said of new environmental regulations. natural gas and other electrical power generators. Craft said utilities have 28 coal-fired electrical plants under construction. Craft did not urge regulators to turn away from alternative power sources. Across the nation. Craft said the nation now has 104 nuclear power plants.9 billion kilowatts per hour. but with export leader Australia and other sources. six starting construction and 13 permitted. staff writer. 'How are we going to generate that electricity?'" he said. Renewable sources would increase 60 percent. retains more than a 200-year coal supply. can not be developed in a scale necessary to replace the electricity generated by coal-fired plants. since it retains an abundance of coal despite a century of mining. That compares to plant construction promising 96 gigawatts underway in China.S. and world economic growth by reducing usage of the key component to cheap power. "We should try not to create one crisis by trying to solve another crisis. could have drastic impact on U. Renewable sources. electrical capacity may soon not be able to keep pace with peak usage demands. "Coal remains the low-cost alternative.S.S. economic performance but its place in a competitive world environment. Craft presented data suggesting the U. But Craft warned carbon emission regulations could skew those projections. With electrical capacity playing a key role in GDP growth and standards of living. comprising 95 percent of the nation's energy reserves." Craft said electrical power generation by coal-fueled plants rose 50 percent last year to 3. The head of the nation's fourth largest coal production operation warned that those environmental steps.

According to estimates from the Energy Information Administration and others. including plastics and fertilizers. The [administration's] budget puts us in a bad position. 11:55 a.com/2008/TECH/science/04/01/Energy. The recent skyrocketing of oil prices is also compounding the problem. nuclear nonproliferation and cleanup programs. Arkansas. Coal. and the Army Corps of Engineers.intro/index. "We have a budget without a lot of forethought. ENERGY/WATER: Coal technology. But with plentiful supplies. E&E Daily July 07. Fri April 25. The White House's request is $648 million for clean coal technology. In an earlier hearing. 4 . proquest/Scheurell] The American Coalition for Clean Coal Electricity (ACCCE) issued the following statement in support of the Texas Public Utility Commission's approval of Southwestern Electric Power Co. water projects likely to see boost in markup." COAL INDUSTRY CONTINUES TO EXPAND Knight 2008 [Matthew. science and nuclear nonproliferation. coal is going to be a major part of the nation's energy portfolio now and in the future." said subcommittee Chairman Byron Dorgan (D-N. which produces more electricity using less coal and helps reduce emissions.net/EEDaily/2008/07/07/archive/5?terms=coal. but the Bush administration has not funded it as the president has promised. including significant increases to the administration's requests for renewable energy and energy efficiency programs. "The proposed Turk plant will be the first coal plant in the country to utilize advanced ultra-supercritical generation technology. but they remain $500 million short of fiscal 2008 levels.). "As new clean coal projects continue to be approved and built. is no better for the climate.and not concentrate solely on carbon capture and storage technologies. Last month. leading many manufacturers to buy coal to provide the raw materials for hundreds of products. Taylor] The Senate's fiscal 2009 budget allocation exceeds the White House request by almost $2 billion and will likely include significant increases for advanced coal research. reliable and affordable electricity for citizens of Arkansas. Turk Jr. 2008 http://www.such as those emphasized in DOE's Clean Coal Initiative -. Taylor] Gas and oil face uncertain futures in term of long-term supply." continued Lucas. the House Appropriations Committee approved a $33. EDT. http://www.m. although they are important as well.. And their negative impact on global warming is practically beyond doubt. 07/07/08 [Katherine Ling. vice president of communications for ACCCE. . ultra- supercritical coal plant in Hempstead County. Combined. "With energy costs skyrocketing. Hundreds of them are going up in China and India and the United States. Fueling the Future. coal-fired power stations are being built apace. including carbon capture and storage.html?iref=newssearch. Appropriators have been highly critical of the White House's funding requests. these three nations own half of the world's coal reserves.eenews. of course. Dorgan said.3 billion energy and water spending bill. Dorgan said he was trying to provide "robust" funding for clean coal research.M. Dorgan and ranking member Pete Domenici (R-N.'s (SWEPCO) proposed John W.) also stressed the need for technology to retrofit and increase efficiency for current coal plants -. Texas and Louisiana. 2008. CAPITOL HILL CONTINUING TO EXPAND INVESTMENT IN THE COAL INDUSTRY Ling. House appropriators also gave a more than $750 million boost from the White House request to the Army Corps of Engineers and Bureau of Reclamation." said Joe Lucas. CNN. the coal-based utility sector moves even closer to the shared goal of electricity generation with near-zero emissions.D. the ability to use more affordable fuel sources such as coal to generate electricity will go a long way in keeping prices stable and the economy humming..cnn.SDI 2008 Coal DA Coal DA – Unq COAL INDUSTRY CONTINUES TO EXPAND – INCREASING NUMBER OF PLANTS AND NEW TECHNOLOGY PR NEWSWIRE 07-07-2008 [“ACCCE Applauds Texas Public Utility Commission’s Approval of Arkansas Clean Coal Plant. "The Texas Public Utility Commission took a strong step forward in preserving access to secure.

2933.html. 5 .1 percent annual growth in renewable energy for electricity generation.com/story/0. The report assumes in its analysis no additional measures to curtail carbon dioxide emissions to address climate change. Energy Department Report Says”. which has less of a greenhouse gas impact than other fossil fuels. The world's demand for liquid fuels — mostly oil — will continue to grow to 113 million barrels a day by 2030. Unconventional oil such as oil shale and biofuels such as ethanol should grow to nearly 10 percent of total liquid fuels. 18 in Error! Hyperlink reference not valid. It also projects: — Electricity production from nuclear power plants growing by one-third with the addition of 124 new nuclear power plants by 2030. as many as 45 of them in China.371286. causing demand to grow for the fuel.SDI 2008 Coal DA Coal DA – Unq GLOBAL COAL USE WILL CONTINUE TO INCREASE – INDUSTRY EXPANDING GLOBALLY FOX NEWS 06-25-2008 [“Worldwide Energy Demand Will Rise 51 Percent by 2030. Still. Taylor] Still. http://www. China alone will account for nearly three- fourths of that increase. but mostly because of increases in the use of hydroelectric power in developing countries. 17 in India.00. with production concentrated in the Error! Hyperlink reference not valid. that are expected to have continued strong economic growth over the next two decades. the report said. the report predicts. with continued demand for conventional crude oil. the report predicted continued growth of petroleum use in transportation and heavy coal use to produce electricity. nearly a third more than is consumed today. or LNG. the use of coal worldwide is expected to increase at a rate of 2 percent a year. and 15 in the United States. The expected growth in energy demand is especially dramatic in developing countries. led by China." Caruso said at a meeting held by the Center for Strategic and International Studies. Despite coal burning's significant impact on climate change "it's the fuel of choice for electricity production in the global economies. — A 2. — Natural gas "will replace oil wherever possible" especially in industrial uses. — A growth in the demand for liquefied natural gas. For example. the OPEC cartel is expected to increase production at a pace that will keep its 40 percent market share. especially China. and Africa.foxnews.

Wind. and wave power. So the coal industry will do anything it can to procure coal as quickly and cheaply as possible. But to the coal industry. we could retire a whole fleet of coal plants.SDI 2008 Coal DA Renewable Energy Link Renewable energy destroys the coal industry Kohn Director of the Movement Vision Lab @ the Center for Community Change 08/24/07 Sally." He noted. Environmentalists are pushing companies to focus primarily on energy efficiency and renewable-energy technologies. cheap." predicted Nilles of the Sierra Club. "Energy efficiency could end growth in the electric sector. could lower the cost of wind. and other renewable-power sources. Appalachian children and air that all of us need to breathe. "And if you phase in large-scale renewables. he argues. slapping a fresh coat of green paint on top to try and distract us from the harm caused to mine workers. solar and other technologies we have today are viable alternative sources of electricity. clean electricity. that Minnesota plans to get 25 percent of its electricity from renewable sources of energy by 2025. Renewable Energy destroys the coal industry Kriz National Journal staff correspondent 08 Margaret. hard realities. for example. National Journal 3/1 proquest Utilities planning for the future are facing some cold. Most energy experts see no easy way to provide reliable.huffingtonpost. Blood Coal. solar. and conservation efforts could dramatically reduce our electricity demand in the first place. Native American reservations in North and South Dakota alone have enough wind capacity to meet one-third of America's energy needs. 6 . Federal research.com/sally-kohn/blood-coal-not-clean-co_b_61696. alternative energy is the real disaster. Not Clean Coal http://www.html Coal isn't about electricity.

however.800 MW by 20253 —producing enough electricity to meet the needs of 4. Changing Market: The Impact of a National Renewable Portfolio Standard on the U. The greenhouse gas reduction policy would act as an incentive to develop renewable fuels.pdf / TTATE] On a different note. although it is not entirely clear that new nuclear facilities were that likely.113 A national RPS would seem to make that less appealing.9 million average-sized homes. Texas would increase its total homegrown renewable power to more than 17.. implementation of an economy-wide greenhouse gas reduction policy would certainly negate the usefulness of a federally-mandated RPS. Increasing the existing state RPS would stimulate additional renewable energy development and help diversify the electricity mix. 2007. the national RPS were to include clean coal as a renewable source. exec vp of Government Affairs @ Chamber of Commerce. of course. as the drawbacks of a mandatory greenhouse gas reduction policy seriously outweigh any potential benefits. Feb 05 Increasing the Texas Renewable Energy Standard: Economic and Employment Benefits http://www. such an approach would be unadvisable. carbon tax or another similar method. at least absent a corresponding greenhouse gas emissions' cap. Clean coal technologies. In the later years. For much of the 20-year forecast period. Nonetheless. another major generation source in development. However. letter to you regarding climate change. June 15. development and demonstration. a national RPS. anyway. Bruce. or the best option. This reliance on fossil fuels—particularly natural gas and coal— for electricity generation will increase if Texas continues on its current path. 7 . As detailed in the Chamber’s March 19. With that in mind. renewable energy also helps to displace new coal generation. and should preserve competitiveness and promote conservation and efficiency.114 would face similar hurdles. The Energy Information Administration (EIA) confirmed that the increased use of renewables as mandated by an RPS would lead to correspondingly lower coal and natural gas generation. the Chamber does not promote the adoption of a mandatory greenhouse gas reduction policy. Texas relies heavily on fossil fuels and nuclear power for most of its electricity. Some utilities. Energy Law Journal.SDI 2008 Coal DA RPS Link RPS displaces the expansion of the coal industry Union of Concerned Scientists. any global climate solution should be international and economy-wide in scope. have been considering building new nuclear generation facilities. And.115 RPS LEADS TO DECREASED RELIANCE ON COAL JOSTEN 2007 [R. whether it be cap-and-trade. Under the 20 percent proposal. NATIONAL RPS GUTS THE TRANSITION TO “CLEAN” COAL Fershee. and must promote technology research. with bioenergy and solar resources also making significant contributions to the mix.org/clean_energy/clean_energy_policies/increase-the-texas-renewable-energy-standard. due to carbon-constrictions.1 virtually the same result would occur if a greenhouse gas reduction regulatory scheme were in place. what constitutes "clean" is never an easy answer. of course. Energy Industry. unless. Lexis-Nexis Academic / sam s) Another significant issue facing investment decisions is what a national RPS would mean for decisions related to other types of generation that utilities have considered. states and localities would have no choice.gov/Climate_Change/RSP%20feedback/US%20Chamber%2006%2015%2 007. would add another hurdle for nuclear investment. J.S. renewable energy primarily displaces natural gas generation. "Changing Resources. 8 – Assistant Professor of Law at the University of North Dakota School of Law (Joshua P.4 Texas’ strong wind resources would power the majority of this development." 29 Energy L. http://energycommerce. for example.html Currently.house.ucsusa. 49.

Nuclear plants remain prohibitively expensive to build. But the globalwarming debate has put this energy source in the spotlight. also blasted the federal government's mine safety agency for "outrageous" new fines that he warned could put some miners out of business. utilities will have to import new supplies. a climate expert at the Natural Resources Defense Council.. A prominent environmentalist was quick to dismiss the remarks. Almost half of the electricity used in the United States comes from coal. the legislation could decide the future of the nation's 501 coal-fired power plants and the fate of proposals to build new ones. president and chief executive of Murray Energy Corp. "There is no question that the majority party in this country wants to eliminate the coal industry.com/index. adding that some Republicans were also advocating tough measures.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=83&Itemid=61 A senior coal company executive on Wednesday lambasted U.SDI 2008 Coal DA Emissions Cap Link Capping emissions destroys the coal industry Washington Post 6/28/07 http://www. and hydroelectric dams.S. increasingly. and what impact the changes will have on consumers. producing almost twice as much carbon dioxide per kilowatt hour as does natural gas. Utilities looking for new sources of power see problems with all of the alternatives. which supplies the fuel for approximately 50 percent of America's electricity generation. 8 . the new law would determine what kind of electricity-generation plants get built in the United States.wvcoal. Global-warming legislation. who said he was giving testimony to the Senate's Environment and Public Works Committee on Thursday. Electricity accounts for 40 percent of the nation's greenhouse-gas emissions. As a result. 7 percent. how much the regulations will cost. lawmakers for proposing caps on emissions blamed for global warming. And no major new sites are available for hydropower. Natural gas provides 20 percent. and coal is the biggest contributor. Robert Murray. "We don't see a conflict between protecting the climate and continuing to use reasonable amounts of coal. chairman. Murray." Murray told the McCloskey's Coal USA conference. Emission controls determine the future of the coal industry Kriz National Journal staff correspondent 08 Margaret. That leaves coal. 19 percent. America has massive coal reserves-275 billion tons of recoverable coal. which Congress could pass as soon as this year." David Hawkins. lowest-cost fuel available. and. Natural-gas prices are high. said in an interview. which traditionally was considered the most reliable. warned that proposed restrictions on carbon emissions would severely hurt the coal industry. nuclear. National Journal 3/1 proquest If Congress enacts controls on carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases. saying the Democrats were out to destroy America's coal industry. will decide how fast utility companies must cut their pollution.

Synthetic-fuel-developed coal.S. The coal story is so important simply because America has massively undeveloped coal resources.S. 2008/03/28 http://www. And yet cap-and-trade would destroy this critical sector. Let that idea sink in. is a proven gas-to-liquid process that sequesters coal carbon. electric power will be shut down. cap- and-trade will risk a massive undermining of the American economy. By pulling the plug on half of our current electricity production. Coal-Cap Disaster.SDI 2008 Coal DA CAP-AND-TRADE LINKS A CAP AND TRADE SYSTEM WOULD SHUT-DOWN THE COAL INDUSTRY – THIS WOULD COLLAPSE THE US ECONOMY Kudlow 2008 [Lawerence Kudlow. The New York Sun. It could power the American economy for generations. to be replaced by new nuclear-power facilities and other alternative technologies yet to be developed.com/us/lnacademic/auth/checkbrowser. New coal technologies being developed right now wouldn't even be allowed to flourish under cap-and-trade. 9 . is the Saudi Arabia of coal.lexisnexis. through the Fisher-Tropsch technology. Taylor] The Wall Street Journal notes that under Warner-Lieberman existing coal-fired power plants that currently provide about one- half of U. With 27% of the world's coal reserves estimated at 270 billion tons.do?ipcounter=1&cookieState=0&rand=0. as well as our future economic and national security. the U.12403761639913558 &bhcp=1.

. near-term development and for potential use as a replacement technology for retired nuclear power plants. Vol. Nuclear Regulatory Commission '96. In recent years electric utilities have given considerable attention to the issue of repowering non-nuclear generating facilities.gov/reading-rm/doc-collections/nuregs/staff/sr1437/v1/part08... CLEAN COAL AND NUKE POWER ARE REPLACEMENTS FOR EACH OTHER U. not only might repowering be cost-effective. Repowering is the primary process by which utilities extend the life of their generating plants.nrc. MAKING CLEAN COAL NOT COST-COMPETITIVE WNA 2004. and the price of coal for electric generation is likely to increase at a relatively slow rate. Another potential alternative to license renewal would be to continue to generate electricity from non-nuclear plants beyond the original date at which they were scheduled to shut down permanently. In 1991 DOE estimated that 2500 coal-fired plants were 30 years old or older (making them candidates for repowering) and that this total would rise to 3500 to 3700 in 1998. July. Generic Environmental Impact Statement for License Renewal of Nuclear Plants. Since the average age of all types of fossil units is over 30 years. 1.. As of March 1994. Even with recent environmental legislation.. could be easier to accomplish since improved. Alternatives to License Renewal". . or hydropower plants for nuclear facilities. Assuming regulatory environmental compliance and a successful application of lessons learned from federal clean coal technology demonstrations.S. http://www. CARD CONTINUES. utilities have been exploring repowering older fossil units as a way of avoiding even larger capital outlays for new plants (Bretz 1994).org/info/inf83. then burying the resultant carbon dioxide by-product and burning the hydrogen. particularly improved air quality. DOE estimates that up to 248 GW(e) of generating capacity could be repowered or retrofitted with clean coal technologies by the year 2010 (DOE/EIS- 0146). It is comparable to refurbishing a nuclear plant. but also environmental goals. gas. about 30 units with a total capacity of 3000 MW(e) had been proposed for repowering. This alternative would have the effect mainly of substituting coal. ("8. May. http://www. new coal capacity is expected to be an affordable technology for reliable. From a utility's perspective.world- nuclear. The greatest challenge is bringing the cost of this down sufficiently for "clean coal" to compete with nuclear power on the basis of near-zero emissions for base-load power.SDI 2008 Coal DA Nuclear Power Links PLAN BOOSTS NUKE POWER. 10 . oil.html) The United States has abundant low-cost coal reserves. ("'Clean Coal' Technologies". World Nuclear Association. less polluting technologies would be installed during repowering.htm) The most promising "clean coal" technology involves using the coal to make hydrogen from water.

Vol.. To maintain that mix. although member countries disagreed about the best methods to produce hydrogen. in late November.S. while the United States and other countries pushed for development of clean-coal technologies to produce hydrogen 11 . US PUSHING CLEAN COAL AS TRANSITION TO HYDROGEN – PLAN TRADES OFF WITH GOVERNMENT SUPPORT Greenwire 2003. (“Climate Change: White House reports detail technology efforts”. Pg. 9. No. December 5. 10. November 14.S. the industry says new plants must be built in the U. European ministers advocated renewable energy sources or nuclear power. (“Nuclear-power industry sees signs of a revival”.SDI 2008 Coal DA Nuclear Power Links NUKE POWER TRADES OFF WITH COAL Charleston Gazette 2004. l/n) Nuclear power currently accounts for nearly 20 percent of all the electricity produced in the U. compared with 51 percent coal and 17 percent natural gas. l/n) International Partnership for the Hydrogen Economy: Ambassadors from 15 countries and the European Commission launched IPHE. 9A. an international coalition to boost development of hydrogen energy. as older ones are retired.

private industry is trying to fill the gap to make clean coal a viable power solution." Clean coal solves CO2 emissions Canine contributing editor to OnEarth 05 Craig. We think you should keep all on the table. "It's hard to imagine them not using it. General Electric and oil-field services firm Schlumberger announced Wednesday a deal to work together to develop clean- coal technology. government pulled the plug on its big clean-coal demonstration project earlier this year.com/environmentalcapital/2008/05/28/clean-coal- hype-or-hard-slog/?mod=googlenews_wsj) // JMP More and more companies are starting to dabble with “clean-coal” technology." says Sasha Madder. but neither are the other sources. Lucas said that rather than junking coal-fired power plants as the primary source of U. Innovations to reduce greenhouse-gas emissions then can be deployed across the industry. a senior analyst with the commission. to stem global warming without strangling the economy and hurting ordinary people by increasing the cost of electricity. for short). make a calculated turn and then accelerate.S. Some people may think they can change the liner's direction instantaneously." 12 . The two would match GE’s experience with a new generation of power plants that can capture carbon dioxide. 23--Coal industry advocate Joe Lucas likens the country's dependence on coal-fired power to a big liner crossing the ocean. because it is the bedrock of our electrical supply. that’s crucial to curbing emissions and keeping the economy functioning—even though many environmentalists see clean coal as an expensive oxymoron. Developing systems with which these countries can continue to utilize their coal. "In addition to our own domestic coal reserves. is a huge priority.Tribune Business News 4/23/08 “Advocate: Coal not perfect. This scenario relies on a combination of technologies that would enable a new breed of coal-fueled power plants to "capture" CO2 and other pollutants efficiently and economically. but vital” proquest Apr.S. electricity in favor of renewable-energy sources. including coal.wsj. said on Earth Day to The Salt Lake Tribune editorial board. and we think you can do it with coal. 8 – has spent the past decade reporting from Europe. but in a way that does not increase carbon emissions. often referred to as "carbon capture and sequestration" (CCS. bold scheme that would take advantage of the nation's abundant coal resources while at the same time curbing CO2 levels in the atmosphere. Whether that’ll make a difference for the economy or the environment remains an open question. increasingly on energy issues (Keith. This concept. After the U." Lucas. "There's no perfect energy resource. Continuing the analogy. Steady investment in coal outweighs the aff – it’s a smoother less dangerous transition McClatchy . and Schlumberger’s experience with pumping the stuff underground to goose reluctant oil wells. “How to Clean Coal” OnEarth. China and India have enormous resources of low-cost coal. Fall proquest Hawkins is far from ready to concede defeat. it is wiser to invest more money steadily into clean coal technologies." he added. he said Tuesday. "There should always be a search for continuous environmental improvement. vice president of communications for the American Coalition for Clean Coal Electricity. He's among the most prominent and outspoken advocates of a In spite of this grim outlook. and nearly anyplace else-even the White House-where energy policy and responses to global warming are discussed. government. A better approach is to slow down. in the boardrooms of utility companies. But try to make a quick U-turn. which are the largest in the world. academia. has in recent years gained a great deal of currency in the halls of Congress. “Clean Coal: Hype or Hard Slog?” 5-28-2008. Carbon capture and sequestration is the most viable pathway for that.SDI 2008 Coal DA Clean Coal Solves Warming Clean coal technology is being accelerated to cut emissions and boost the economy Johnson. a bipartisan panel of 16 energy experts from industry. released a landmark report last December that includes carbon capture and sequestration among its key policy recommendations. and the ship is more likely to capsize. The National Commission on Energy Policy. The captured CO2 gas would then be piped deep below the earth's surface for permanent storage. and nonprofit groups. "We're not supportive of coal at the expense of other fuels. in conjunction with the development of other power sources. Coal's not. As we’ve noted before. http://blogs.

environmental/energy attorneys. 2007 [“Coal: Like It or Not. 13 . reliability and security of a country’s overall energy supply.stoel.com/showarticle. http://www. It’s Here to Stay. 6/4/07. Sui] The challenge facing government and industry is reconciling rapid economic growth and energy demand with the environmental impacts and risks of climate change. Stoel Rives”. coal will undoubtedly continue to play a significant role in power generation for decades to come. Attempts to abruptly eliminate coal from current and/or future energy options would be imprudent and jeopardize the availability.SDI 2008 Coal DA DA TURNS THE CASE – STABLE ENERGY MARKETS OUR RELIANCE ON COAL IS PERVASIVE – AN ABRUPT SHIFT FROM COAL WOULD DESTABILIZE OUR ENERGY MARKETS HALL AND KIRKHAM. Despite the environmental concerns and promising advances in the development of alternative energy sources.aspx?Show=2484.

the United States and the world must include coal as a major component of its energy portfolio. which is combustion for generation of electricity. 14 . delivery and efficient utilization. Therefore. support for the development of new energy technologies must include significant research into and development of clean coal technologies along with improving the competitiveness of alternative energy sources.SDI 2008 Coal DA COAL GOOD – ENVIRONMENT NEW TECH. 2007 [“Coal: Like It or Not. carbon can be injected underground for permanent storage in geological formations. 6/4/07. Sui] While it is clear that the demand for coal will continue to grow in the foreseeable future. secure and reliable energy. MORE EVIDENCE – COAL INDUSTRY DECREASING EMISSIONS HALL AND KIRKHAM. Stoel Rives”. Sui] Without question. before combustion. coal is not going away.aspx?Show=2484. That said. It also results in improved efficiency compared to conventional pulverized coal.com/showarticle. Energy and technology must be used as tools for global development while achieving environmentally- sound. Stoel Rives”. IGCC has become increasingly cost competitive and ongoing improvements are lowering the cost further and improving reliability. 2007 [“Coal: Like It or Not. transportation and combustion of coal. In the form of carbon dioxide. worldwide sustainability in energy supply. To ensure the availability of affordable.com/showarticle. 6/4/07. However. One promising avenue is the integrated combined-cycle (IGCC) process.stoel. This method permits the segregation and capture of most of the pollutants. http://www. but it is getting cleaner. remains a developing technology and has not been shown to work reliably at the scale of a large utility power plant.stoel. environmental/energy attorneys.aspx?Show=2484. It’s Here to Stay. It’s Here to Stay. including carbon. http://www. reducing the impact at the point of primary use. however. which chemically turns coal into synthetic gas that can then be burned in a turbine. without harming the environment. environmental/energy attorneys. LIKE IGCC. IGCC. is key. with increasing gas prices. Technology. Broader global deployment of generally-accepted industry practice. MOVING COAL TO A CLEAN ENERGY HALL AND KIRKHAM. there are significant environmental impacts that accompany the mining. developing pollution-reduction technologies appear to have the potential to significantly reduce the environmental impacts of coal consumption. innovation and awareness have created increasing opportunities for coal to reduce its environmental impacts across all aspects of the industry – most importantly. along with the implementation of proven and developing pollution-reduction technologies.

 the U.pdf.SDI 2008 Coal DA CLEAN COAL KEY TO ECONOMY CLEAN COAL INDUSTRY KEY TO US ECONOMIC SECURITY Clean Coal Power Initiative Program Facts 2006 [December. http://www. our Nation has seen a correlation between economic growth and  increasing   electricity   production. while improving our environment. Over the last 20 years.S.fossil. Successful outcomes of the CCPI program provide an important part of the technology needed to  supply our energy needs. This substantial increase in reliance on coal can only be  achieved   through   longer   and   more   efficient   operation   of   existing   coal­fired   plants. indigenous energy source to meet the Nation’s electricity  and economic growth demands in an environmentally acceptable manner while reducing reliance on  energy imports. high­performance emissions  controls. is a critical strategy for overcoming risk barriers to  commercialization.   incorporating   new   CCT   in   ongoing    CCT development programs are providing operations. Today.energy. power  industry   was   heavily   focused   on   gas­fired   generation   growth.     a valuable  option to permit increasing use of our most abundant. By demonstrating the latest technology to improve efficiency and low­cost. coal­fired generation is expected to play an even greater role in the  Nation’s incremental power generation through 2025.gov/programs/powersystems/cleancoal/ccpi/Prog052. 15 .   coal­fired   units   were   forecast   to   provide   a  significant   amount   of   incremental   power   generation   through   2020. providing opportunity for  promising  technologies  emerging from the FE core R&D program. CCPI technologies can help us to achieve a more secure energy future. and adding new clean­coal plant capacity. Sui] The government’s investment in CCPI recognizes that crucial benefits to our nation’s economic stability  and security can be achieved through clean coal  research.  Success  of   the   CCPI   program  will   provide   an   important   part   of   the  technology needed to supply our immediate and long­term energy needs in support of our economic well  being. The program. due to   evolving  perspectives of fuel availability.   Nevertheless.  When the CCPI concept was introduced in 2001/2002.   In  today’s energy forecast.

We are an amazing country full of amazing people. Certain clean-coal technologies make converting a lump of coal to liquid fuel simple. the equivalent of 800 billion barrels of oil. I have supported legislation that will open at least three closed military installations for the purpose of sighting new. more than three times Saudi Arabia' proven oil reserves. 6/15/2008). lexis/taylor] We need to use more of our vast coal supply. During World War II. Imagine the jobs that would be created by using American oil. Not only would these create jobs and lower energy prices. STATES NEWS SERVICE. We have an abundance of American energy and we have an abundance intelligent and creative citizens. Not one new refinery has been built since 1976 (Tennessean. and reliable American refineries. Not one single drop of oil was spilled into the Gulf of Mexico or onto land during Hurricane Katrina because we can immediately shut down refineries when a hurricane or other natural disaster may affect production and the ability to safely operate. clean-coal technologies. switchgrass. balanced plan that addresses all facets of energy and energy production.S. We need to build new refineries in the United States. it is time to put all of our resources to use and end the energy crisis that is affecting so many people across the First District of Tennessee and all across America 16 .org. and it is another solution to America' energy crisis. the Germans were using coal to gas technologies to fuel their war machines. the U. natural gas. Hurricane Katrina.SDI 2008 Coal DA COAL KEY TO THE ECONOMY COAL INDUSTRY KEY TO THE ECONOMY – VAST SUPPLY MAKES IT RELIABLE AND KEY TO JOB GROWTH DAVIS 06-28-2008 [David. and by building new refineries. the Gulf of Mexico. has more than 250 billion tons of recoverable coal reserves. launching seven investigations into price gouging.50 tax on each gallon of gasoline (a Washington favorite). America is still that shining city on the hill. ethanol. Out of touch policies like adding a $0. safe. Some think that new refineries are not environmentally safe. congressman. According to Americaspower. passed over where most American refineries are located. It is time to support our comprehensive. It is important to note that one of strongest hurricanes to pass over the United States. cost effective. they would act as a stimulus to Americas faltering economy. launching 4 investigations into speculators and passing policies that will potentially force Americans to go from cars to bicycles have not lowered the price of gasoline or diesel at the pump. proposals allowing government employees to work from home. socializing the energy industry. “So Close. It is time for no more excuses. Yet So Far Away”. Coal is not some dirty leftover from the Industrial Revolution.

senior fellow and director of climate strategy at the Center for American Progress. Minnesota and Washington State that would have made it easier to capture carbon dioxide have all been canceled or thrown into regulatory limbo. Weiss." says Daniel J.” April 02. come on!” http://www. progressive think tank.earth- policy. "That's why they're fighting so hard.html “Coal’s had a tough year. Even red states like Kansas are now battling the construction of coal-fired plants. PUBLIC OPPOSITION WITH COAL CAUSING INSTABILITY IN INDUSTRY BROWN AND DORN 2008 [“The Beginning of the End for Coal: A Long Year in the Life of the US Coal Industry.htm/Beck] What began as a few local ripples of resistance to coal-fired power plants is quickly evolving into a national tidal wave of opposition from environmental. coal-fueled utilities. Coal companies are for it.com 5/15/08 “Celebrate clean coal.has kicked into high gear as prospects for new plants have turned bleak. railroads and related industries. Coal industry is struggling – construction costs New York Times 5/30/08 “Mounting Costs Slow the Push for Clean Coal” http://www. public opinion and lack of financing Salon. But it has become clear in recent months that the nation’s effort to develop the technique is lagging badly. access to the power grid. leading to what one analyst told the Christian Science Monitor is a "de facto moratorium on coal power. will be a long-term disaster. and indeed has spent years talking up the virtues of “clean coal.” All three candidates to succeed him favor the approach.com/2008/05/30/business/30coal. Many of these projects were derailed by the short-term pressure of rising construction costs.html President Bush is for it.com/news/feature/2008/05/15/coal_marketing/ These messages and other variations on the coal-is-great theme are flooding the nation courtesy of the coal industry.salon. unless the situation can be turned around. head of a business at General Electric that makes equipment for processing coal into a form from which carbon can be captured. the government canceled its support for what was supposed to be a showcase project. Growing concern over pending legislation to regulate carbon emissions is creating uncertainty in financial markets. Utility executives are practically begging for the technology.org/Updates/2008/Update70_timeline. and community organizations as well as leading climate scientists and state governments. Leading financial groups are now downgrading coal stocks and requiring utilities seeking funding for coal plants to include a cost for carbon emissions when proving economic viability.com/2008/05/30/business/30coal." Coal industry is dying – lack of government funding and regulatory confusion New York Times 5/30/08 “Mounting Costs Slow the Push for Clean Coal” http://www. "the coal industry are the last people to get it.SDI 2008 Coal DA ***AFF ANSWERS*** Not Unique – Industry Dying Coal industry collapsing – environmental standards.nytimes. So do many other members of Congress. a plant at a carefully chosen site in Illinois where there was coal. In January. Last year. utility projects in Florida." The expected election of a more environmentally friendly president may lead to the first federal limits on carbon dioxide emissions.” said John Lavelle. Many environmentalists favor it. Perhaps worse.known by its tag line "Clean Coal" -. http://www. When it comes to the threat of global warming. They're on a death spiral right now. Ohio. in the last few months.nytimes. West Virginia. health. But scientists say the result. 59 new plants were either canceled or halted across the nation. Wall Street is tightening financing. farm. 17 . and soil underfoot that backers said could hold the carbon dioxide for eons. The pro-coal marketing campaign -. a nonprofit.

' the first question that comes to mind is have they invented a new product that actually solves global warming. while the latest word from Congress is that it might be put on hold until a new president takes over. Among the many problems is the fact that this moon shot has to be replicated at coal plants throughout the world. is in danger of going under.com 5/15/08 “Celebrate clean coal." The Clean Coal campaign.SDI 2008 Coal DA Clean Coal Bad – Environment Coal cannot be clean – we don’t have the technology Salon. we'll fix this" approach is that carbon capture and storage isn't close to being technically perfected or to becoming economically feasible. "It is a figment of their imagination." Achieving workable carbon capture and storage may be even more difficult than first thought. he says. The task is so expensive that the federal government's only major project designed to demonstrate the technology. The New York Times recently reported that many energy experts have likened it to putting a man on the moon. come on!” http://www. 18 .com/news/feature/2008/05/15/coal_marketing/ The problem with the "trust us.salon. director of the Sierra Club's National Coal Campaign. "is the latest example of trying to sell you the Brooklyn Bridge." says Bruce Nilles. because right now that doesn't exist. Many of those plants are in economically and technologically poor countries. "When they say 'clean coal. a full-scale plant called FutureGen. The Department of Energy is attempting to revamp the project.

In a big report published this week. the global push for “clean coal” is just a smokescreen to keep fossil fuels at the top of the heap for decades to come. 19 .wsj. the environmental group says that carbon capture and storage is an expensive. inefficient pipe dream that—if it ever does come to fruition—will arrive too late to save the planet.SDI 2008 Coal DA Clean Coal Bad – Inefficient Clean Coal is a pipedream – too expensive and inefficient Johnson lead writer WSJ 5/9/08 Keith “clean coal black gold or fools gold?” http://blogs. which also opposes nuclear power. Greenpeace (and plenty of folks in the industry) doubts clean coal plants will be a reality before 2030. For Greenpeace.com/environmentalcapital/2008/05/09/clean-coal-black-gold-or-fools-gold/ Greenpeace doesn’t think so.

not to propose new coal-fired plants outside Texas and to support mandatory national caps on emissions linked to global warming.com/id/17359704/ DGuo} WASHINGTON . a massive Texas-based utility.” NASA scientist James Hansen told the National Press Club Monday. February 27. http://www. and that so far. so it’s more of a threat. This is the first time Hansen. It is as clear as a bell. “There should be a moratorium on building any more coal-fired power plants.One of the world’s top climate scientists called for an end to building new coal-fired power plants in the United States because of their huge role in spewing out greenhouse gases that contribute to global warming. 159 coal-fired power plants are scheduled to be built. The equity group. they will run out and there’s more coal to burn and pollute the Earth.SDI 2008 Coal DA Clean Coal Bad “CLEAN” COAL DOES NOT EXIST – COAL IS STILL THE NUMBER ONE CONTRIBUTOR TO GLOBAL WARMING – NO CURRENT COAL PLANT IS EFFECTIVELY CLEANING ITS COAL MSNBC NEWS 2007 [“NASA Climate Guru: Don’t Build Coal Plants”.msn. “Until we have that clean coal power plant. 20 . generating enough power for about 96 million homes. he said.S. director of NASA’s Goddard Institute for Space Studies in New York. also told the press club that by mid-century all coal-fired power plants that do not capture and bury carbon dioxide “must eventually be bulldozed.” Hansen. according to a study last month by the U. has called for an end to coal burning. who said he was speaking as a private citizen. While burning oil and natural gas also release carbon dioxide. He said it’s the No. In the next decade of so. led by Kohlberg Kravis Roberts & Co. and Texas Pacific Group. 1 solution to global warming. “Coal is the big amount. Hansen was one of the earliest top researchers to warn the world of global warming. no coal-fired plants can capture carbon dioxide emissions so they are not released into the atmosphere. Hansen said.” It’s foolish to build new ones if the emissions can’t be dealt with.msnbc. Hansen’s call dovetails with an edict by the private equity group buying TXU. agreed to stop plans to build eight new coal-fired power plants. He said the increased efficiency could make up for the cutbacks in coal. Department of Energy.” Hansen said. we should not be building them.

Kammen. 21 . Many of these projects were derailed by the short-term pressure of rising construction costs. forecasters assume that carbon dioxide emitted by new power plants will have to be captured and stored underground. simple as the idea may sound. 2008 [“Mounting Costs Slow the Push for Clean Coal”. Plans to combat global warming generally assume that continued use of coal for power plants is unavoidable for at least several decades. And some complex legal questions need to be resolved. “It’s a total mess. Ohio.nytimes. Scientists need to figure out which kinds of rock and soil formations are best at holding carbon dioxide. But the failure to start building. Berkeley. http://www. staff writer.com/2008/05/30/business/30coal. and the recent cancellations mean that most of this work has come to a halt. Perhaps worse. will build the next generation of coal plants using existing technology.” said Daniel M. Yet.html?pagewanted=1&ei=5087&em&en=425f6009b9e65c19&ex=1212 292800. They need to find optimal designs for new power plants so as to cut costs. director of the Renewable and Appropriate Energy Laboratory at the University of California. tweaking and perfecting carbon capture and storage means that developing the technology may come too late to make coal compatible with limiting global warming. who oversees work on the issue for the Clean Air Task Force. “we’re not going to have much of a chance for stabilizing the climate. Therefore. Major corporations sense the possibility of a profitable new business. and soil underfoot that backers said could hold the carbon dioxide for eons. They need to be sure the gas will not bubble back to the surface. In January. Minnesota and Washington State that would have made it easier to capture carbon dioxide have all been canceled or thrown into regulatory limbo. “Coal’s had a tough year.” said John Thompson. in the last few months.E. But scientists say the result. access to the power grid. The New York Times.SDI 2008 Coal DA Clean Coal Bad COAL INDUSTRY NOT TRANSITIONING TO “CLEAN COAL” EFFECTIVELY – NO EFFECTIVE TECH WALD. a plant at a carefully chosen site in Illinois where there was coal. That would ensure that vast amounts of global warming gases would be pumped into the atmosphere for decades. unless the situation can be turned around. such as who would be liable if such a project polluted the groundwater or caused other damage far from the power plant. West Virginia. starting as early as 2020. the oil field services company. the government canceled its support for what was supposed to be a showcase project. an environmental group. assuring that it will continue to be used. raising doubts that the technique can be ready any time in the next few decades. signed a partnership on Wednesday with Schlumberger. and G. And without it. lacking proven chemical techniques for capturing carbon dioxide and proven methods for storing it underground by the billions of tons per year. Sui But it has become clear in recent months that the nation’s effort to develop the technique is lagging badly. The fear is that utilities. utility projects in Florida. Coal is abundant and cheap. to cut down on the amount of global-warming gases in the atmosphere. effective and affordable. considerable research is still needed to be certain the technique would be safe. But only a handful of small projects survive. head of a business at General Electric that makes equipment for processing coal into a form from which carbon can be captured.” said John Lavelle. 5/30/08. to advance the technology of carbon capture and sequestration. testing. will be a long-term disaster.

com/wp- dyn/content/article/2008/02/29/AR2008022903390. Yet at last weekend's meeting of the National Governors Association. staff writer." I think about Burl. In 1983. More than 104.have been erased from the southeastern mountain range in the last two decades. And in the meantime. The scars snaked down to his ankles. "My grandpa barely survived an accident in the mines in southern Illinois. How can anyone call this clean? When the Bush administration announced a plan last year to do away with a poorly enforced 1983 regulation that protected streams from being buried by strip-mining waste -. as if the iron hoops of a whiskey barrel had been strapped around his lungs. if our country can rally to save Arctic polar bears from global warming. Yet even on the heels of a recent report revealing that in the last six years the Mine Safety and Health Administration decided not to assess fines for more than 4. perhaps Congress can pass the Endangered Appalachians Act to save American miners." 22 . "Don't let anyone ever tell you that coal is clean.SDI 2008 Coal DA COAL BAD . Dangerous pollutants.000 to 1 million acres of hardwood forests.the equivalent of several Hiroshima atomic bombs -. have forgotten the dirty realities of extracting coal from the earth. including mercury. comes from strip mines.html/ DGuo] Every time I hear our political leaders talk about "clean coal. an irascible old coal miner in West Virginia.000 miners in America have died in coal mines since 1900." Appalachia has become the poster child for strip mining's worst depravations. After 35 years underground. With the imaginary vocabulary of "clean coal.in funds to reduce carbon emissions from coal-burning power plants to create "clean coal. The injuries and deaths caused by overburdened coal trucks are innumerable. Pennsylvania Gov.5 percent. Bush administration officials have called for cutting mine-safety funds by 6." How much more death and destruction will it take to strip coal of this bright." I told him. this slogan has blindsided any meaningful progress toward a sustainable energy policy. An estimated 750. as well as a surprising number of environmentalists. WASHINGTON POST." too many Democrats and Republicans.are set off in Appalachian communities every year. More than 60 percent of all coal mined in the United States today.washingtonpost. Americans have fallen for the ruse of futuristic science that is clean coal. "He had these blue marks and bits of coal buried in his face. Orwellian language has led to Orwellian politics. Ed Rendell even declared that coal states will be "back in business big time." But hardly a hoot could be heard about his proposed cuts to more practical investments in solar energy. unlike politicians. Meanwhile. Pummeled by warnings that global warming is triggering the apocalypse. which come in the form of mountaintop removal. planned as the first coal-fired plant to capture and store harmful carbon dioxide emissions. leading Democrats were up in arms over the Energy Department's recent decision to abandon the $1.8 billion FutureGen project in eastern Illinois.tens of thousands of people wrote to the Office of Surface Mining in outrage.000 violations. hydrogen fuel and home energy efficiency.ENVIRONMENT CLEAN COAL IS A FARCE – COAL STILL EMITS CARBON DIOXIDE AND IT IS DANGEROUS TO EXTRACT FROM THE EARTH BIGGERS 2008 [Jeff. Burl rolled up his pants and showed me the leg that had been mangled in a mining accident. “’Clean’ Coal? Don’t Try to Shovel That”. filter into our air and water. torn and churned into bits by strip mining in the last 150 years. http://www. a thousand miles of waterways and more than 470 mountains and their surrounding communities -. or more dangerous to our public health. shining "clean" lie? As Burl might have said. he struggled to conjure enough breath to match his storytelling verve. during my first visit to Appalachia as a young man. Democrats excoriated President Bush last month when he released a budget calling for more -. Coal is deadly. Invoked as often by the Democratic presidential candidates as by the Republicans and by liberals and conservatives alike." Clean coal: Never was there an oxymoron more insidious. strip mining and underground coal mining remain the dirtiest and most destructive ways of making energy. Thousands of tons of explosives -. Here's the hog-killing reality that a coal miner like Burl or my grandfather knew firsthand: No matter how "cap 'n trade" schemes pan out in the distant future for coal-fired plants. Democratic and Republican governors once again joined forces. swaths of the country are being destroyed before our eyes. ignored the disastrous reality of mining and championed the chimera of clean coal. Or at least stop talking about "clean coal. Citizens' groups also effectively halted the proposed construction of 59 coal-fired plants in the past year. In the "United States of Coal. their children and their communities from ruin by a reckless industry.an area the size of Delaware -. Have they already forgotten the coal miners who were entombed underground in Utah last summer? Above ground. millions of acres across 36 states have been dynamited.one of the last ramparts protecting some of the nation's oldest forests and communities -. Energy Department officials.billions more -. Coal ain't clean. had to confront the spiraling costs of this fantasy." Burl wheezed. Twice as many have died from black lung disease." "Coal tattoo. in fact.

SDI 2008 Coal DA 23 .