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Arizona Debate Institute 2008 Fellows

State Economy DAs non-Iowa
State Economy (Non-Iowa) DA Index
State Economy (Non-Iowa) DA Index...........................................................................................................1
Florida Economy DA ***Sugar***..............................................................................................................2
1NC - Florida Economy DA..........................................................................................................................3
Uniqueness - Florida Econ High....................................................................................................................4
Arkansas Economy DA ***Cotton***..........................................................................................................5
1NC - Arkansas Economy DA ......................................................................................................................6
Uniqueness – Arkansas Econ High................................................................................................................7
Links - Cotton ................................................................................................................................................8
North Dakota Economy DA ***Sugar Beets***...........................................................................................9
1NC – North Dakota Economy DA............................................................................................................10
Uniqueness – North Dakota Econ High.......................................................................................................11
Massachusetts Economy DA ***Fisheries***............................................................................................12
1NC – Massachusetts Economy DA............................................................................................................13
North Carolina Economy DA ***CAFO’s***.............................................................................................14
1NC – North Carolina Economy DA ..........................................................................................................15
*** AFF*** North Carolina ........................................................................................................................17
Uniqueness – North Carolina Econ Low .....................................................................................................18
*** AFF*** California ................................................................................................................................19
***AFF *** Florida ....................................................................................................................................21
Uniqueness – Florida Econ Low .................................................................................................................22
Uniqueness – Florida Econ Low .................................................................................................................23
Florida Economy – Link Turns ...................................................................................................................24
*** AFF*** Massachusetts .........................................................................................................................25
Uniqueness – Massachusetts Econ Low ......................................................................................................26
Link Turns - Cotton......................................................................................................................................27
*** AFF*** North Dakota ..........................................................................................................................28
.....................................................................................................................................................................28
Uniqueness – North Dakota Econ Low .......................................................................................................29
***AFF *** Arkansas .................................................................................................................................30
Uniqueness – Arkansas Econ Low ..............................................................................................................31

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Arizona Debate Institute 2008 Fellows
State Economy DAs non-Iowa

Florida Economy DA ***Sugar***

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Arizona Debate Institute 2008 Fellows
State Economy DAs non-Iowa
1NC - Florida Economy DA
(A) Uniqueness - Florida econ high – businesses

Jacksonville Business Journal 7-24
(“’High impact’ businesses drive Florida’s growth,” 08)
Businesses whose sales have at least doubled over four years are the major driver of Florida's employment and revenue
growth, according to a U.S. Small Business Administration study.Of the 376,600 such businesses nationwide, called high-
impact businesses by the SBA, a little more than 32,000, or about 2 percent, are in Florida. "High-impact firms are
important to Florida's economic growth and development," said Chad Moutray, chief economist for the SBA's Office of
Advocacy, in a news release. "State policy makers would be wise to consider how their policies can encourage such
firms.” These "high-impact" businesses are found in all industries, tend to be on average 25 years old and come in all
class sizes, according to the recently released study, "High-Impact Firms: Gazelles Revisited." In late 2007, the
Jacksonville Regional Chamber of Commerce launched a new group to assist second-stage businesses and determine
which services are missing.

(B) Link – Subsidies key to Florida’s economy

Florida Insider 07
(“Big Scapegoat: The War on Florida’s Sugar Industry,” October 16)
But in Florida at least, it often seems that public enemy number one is “Big Sugar,” the big-sounding, usually pejorative
nickname for South Florida’s sugar industry. The caricature isn’t new. Remember fictional Congressman David Dilbeck, played
by Burt Reynolds, from Carl Hiassen’s novel-turned-film “Strip Tease?” That tale of Dilbeck’s lust for the character portrayed
by Demi Moore viewed doubly sweet for having a key scene of dastardly-do happen in a nighttime Okeechobee cane field.
Now with “Cane,” the klieg lights of national media are trained on the sugar industry as never before.
In Florida, this is nothing new. For years, in the minds of everybody from environmentalists to editorial writers to thirsty
Miamians, fiction has been truer than truth. Big Sugar has become the Big Scapegoat for whatever ails the pop-up civilization
known as South Florida.

(C) Impacts - Florida’s economy key to global economy

Bush 06
(President George W., “President Bush Discusses the Economy in Florida,” The White House, July 31)
And here's another way that we can help the entrepreneurial spirit flourish and help make sure south Florida remains a vibrant
part of our national economy, and that is to open up markets for trade. I'm worried about protectionist tendencies in the United
States, people saying, well, we don't want to -- really want to compete. Let's just kind of throw up some walls and barriers so
people can't sell products into the United States. Such policies will damage the Port of Miami; such policies are short-
sighted, as far as I'm concerned.

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com. Simos says.H. So says Evangelos Otto Simos. chief economist for Durham. for the second straight month. but it won't become worse than it is.html) The worst of the state's recession is over.bizjournals. His firm runs e-forecasting.Florida Econ High Florida econ high Kauffmannn 08 (Chris." 4/31 . "The economy is still not good.Arizona Debate Institute 2008 Fellows State Economy DAs non-Iowa Uniqueness . which just issued a new report saying Florida's leading economic indicators showed improvement in May.-based Infometrica. Orlando Business Journal. http://www. And that. 07/11. may signal the bottom of the economic cycle has come and gone. staff writer. It's the beginning of the turnaround.com/orlando/stories/2008/07/14/story2. N.

Arizona Debate Institute 2008 Fellows State Economy DAs non-Iowa Arkansas Economy DA ***Cotton*** 5/31 .

” Arkansas Online.Arizona Debate Institute 2008 Fellows State Economy DAs non-Iowa 1NC . July 1) Boardwalk Pipeline Partners LP has started building a 167-mile. "Since we've experienced increases in prices on some of the other projects we've completed.S. 05 (“Cotton farmers hit by 1-2 punch Arkansas stung by Bush subsidy plans. is the equivalent of unilateral disarmament." McMahon said during a phone interview Monday. That helps the retailers . agricultural support. would be preferable to programs that reward them for agricultural productivity. $500 million pipeline to take natural gas from the Fayetteville Shale in north-central Arkansas to market." he said." which would facilitate WTO compliance. Many observers believe "greener" farm programs. prior to the completion of international trade negotiations. but for the whole state. which is expected to be complete early next year. (B) Link . Houston-based Boardwalk's pipeline was expected to cost $360 million. senior vice president and general counsel for Boardwalk. which began construction in May. Veach said. "That would cripple the agriculture economy in Arkansas. a natural-gas formation that stretches from north-central Arkansas to the Mississippi River. The University of Arkansas has estimated that Bush's proposed budget reductions would mean $200 million less in farm subsidies for Arkansas during 2006. Gov. which would reward farmers for conservation and environmental performance.Farm subsidies key to Arkansas economy Arkansas Democrat-Gazette. state officials have said that number may be exaggerated.that helps every aspect of the Arkansas economy. this is jobs.” March 13) The National Cotton Council has cautioned that "reductions in U. Originally announced in December 2006." ( C) Impacts ." Randy Veach. according to a study by the University of Arkansas. the price tag has gone up because of increased labor and materials costs.Arkansas economy key to global economy 6/31 . Mike Beebe toured the construction site in Center Ridge on Monday morning. we're estimating a little bit higher than what we first reported on costs. Conway County Judge Jimmy Hart estimated at a news conference Monday morning that 250 Arkansans thus far are employed by the project. The Fayetteville Shale. "It's the opportunity for people to make money and spend money." Boardwalk's Fayetteville Lateral pipeline is part of an almost $5 billion investment to link unconventional natural-gas sources to the company's already established main transportation lines. However. "Not just for this area. said Mike Mc-Mahon. A peak of about 1. “$500 million pipeline in the works. WTO trade ruling. a Mississippi County cotton farmer from Manila. Since then. The payroll is an estimated $57 million. said he believes the trade and budget issues are linked and that the outcome of the negotiations could have a significant impact on Arkansas. it's employment.300 people will be employed in Arkansas during the construction. "There's no doubt that Congress and the administration are trying to make [farm] payments `greener' and less tied to markets and to production. farmer Veach said. is expected to have a $22 billion impact on the Arkansas economy between 2005 and 2012.Arkansas Economy DA (A) Uniqueness – Arkansas econ high Stevens 08 (Laura.

2008 lexisnexis) The Arkansas economy has some soft spots. economy has its strong points” April 23. But a problem facing companies and the state is finding qualified workers." Zook said there are some clear bright spots for Arkansas. Okla. including the income that row crop farmers are expecting due to high prices for commodities such as soybeans. "The industry will work off the unsold inventory. Games said Chesapeake has dozens of jobs for workers on natural-gas drilling rigs that pay $55. Forest products and businesses relate to new home construction are taking it on the chin because of the slowdown.Robert Smith.000 jobs available across the state. to fill them. but I think there will be serious economic turmoil.000 and up. Danny Games. has had to develop a program where it trains workers because there are no qualified people to hire. Smith said Falcon Jet has 200 high-paying jobs available. With the closure of a meat plant that burned in Booneville. mill has closed. that city is coping with the loss of 800 jobs. Zook noted that there are about 75. you're in a depression. 2008. Thomas Schueck. Zook said. Speaking at the spring economic forecast conference by the University of Arkansas at Little Rock. but business leaders say the state has the elements in place to bounce back from the current slowdown. Other companies include two pipe manufacturers. Zook cited manufacturers that have recently set up shop in Little Rock. "Those things are going to come back. deputy director of administration and finance at the Arkansas Economic Development Commission. said direct investment from overseas will continue to help add jobs to the state." Zook said. but it has to have people trained at community colleges in Beebe and Poteau. a deputy director of the Arkansas Economic Development Commission.. 04-23-08 (“Business leaders say Ark. senior vice president at Dassault Falcon Jet. "But I believe the economic growth is not there. "If you're in Booneville right now. I don't expect an economic collapse. But Zook said the foundation is solid. Plus. 04-23-08 (DAVID SMITH “Economist: Recession is here He says subprime mortgage market biggest contributor” April 23. Welspun Group Inc. Arkansas’s economy is up now Arkansas Democrat-Gazette. LM Glasfiber is building a $150 million plant at the Little Rock port where it will make windmill blades to supply the wind power industry. Schueck said Lexicon. lexisnexis) "Even in November. and there are likely 75. such as in sectors related to new home construction." Arkansas' economy is doing relatively well. according to businessmen who also spoke at the conference at the Little Rock Hilton . 7/31 . Welspun and Man each say they expect to spend $100 million for plants at the Arkansas River port. The problem is that the 75." Goho said. rice and corn. both of India. where a Potlatch Corp. The company has already started production at a temporary site in south Little Rock. which is the parent for Schueck Steel. director of corporate development at Chesapeake Energy. putting about 180 people out of work.000 Arkansans who are unemployed. of Little Rock.000 unemployed Arkansans aren't qualified to fill the available jobs.Arizona Debate Institute 2008 Fellows State Economy DAs non-Iowa Uniqueness – Arkansas Econ High Arkansas economy is growing strong now The Associated Press State & Local Wire. Randy Zook.. but cannot find people to fill them. though there is a chance the plant may reopen. and Man Industries Ltd. He said the situation is similar in Prescott. chairman of Lexicon Inc." Zook said. you're not in a recession. there was a wide range of people who were very optimistic that this economy was going to grow at a rate of about 2 percent a year. there is the development of the Fayetteville Shale play. and Randy Zook.

6 million. said farm subsidies have increased the value of farmland and a drop in subsidies could reverse that trend.5 million. "There's no doubt that Congress and the administration are trying to make [farm] payments `greener' and less tied to markets and to production. WTO trade ruling.Cotton Farm subsides key to Arkansas economy Arkansas Democrat-Gazette 05 (“Cotton farmers hit by 1-2 punch Arkansans stung by Bush subsidy plans. worth $690.2 million acres and rice second at 1." which would facilitate WTO compliance.000 acres.1 million bales of cotton fiber. cotton subsidies. Cotton also ranked third in terms of 2004 planted acreage in Arkansas. But Meyer said the appeals body "refused to answer" or quantify a number of issues.Arizona Debate Institute 2008 Fellows State Economy DAs non-Iowa Links ." Eric Wailes. doesn't expect to see any immediate changes in U. The cottonseeds were worth an additional $77. thus making it difficult to determine what penalties might be appropriate.S. said he believes the trade and budget issues are linked and that the outcome of the negotiations could have a significant impact on Arkansas. The University of Arkansas has estimated that Bush's proposed budget reductions would mean $200 million less in farm subsidies for Arkansas during 2006. trade officials and cotton-industry leaders. For the 10 th straight year. although Brazil eventually could be authorized to invoke retaliatory trade measures. would be preferable to programs that reward them for agricultural productivity. cotton's increasing dependence on exports." Meyer said.4 million. The 795 tons of cottonseed produced was exceeded only in 1937. "There's really no short-term motivation to make some correction today. prior to the completion of international trade negotiations. which followed an initial 370-page ruling. 8/31 . cotton was Arkansas' third-most important row crop in terms of production value.9 cents per pound meant that the state's cotton fiber was worth $488. a record yield of 1. worth $768. WTO trade ruling. an agricultural economist at the University of Missouri. agricultural support.” 03/13. Lexis) Although Arkansas' planted cotton acreage fell in 2004 to a 10-year low of 910. an agricultural economist at the University of Arkansas. The state's 2004 rice crop. Lexis) Given U. Many observers believe "greener" farm programs. farmer Veach said. which would reward farmers for conservation and environmental performance. "There is no WTO police force which comes in and makes us change our rules." he said.S.2 million.S.S. Veach said. ranked first and second. is still being reviewed by U.112 pounds per acre boosted the state's production to an all-time high of 2." Randy Veach. the World Trade Organization's cotton ruling has an added significance. Cotton subsidies key to Arkansas econ Arkansas Democrat-Gazette 05 (“Cotton farmers hit by 1-2 punch Arkansans stung by Bush subsidy plans. is the equivalent of unilateral disarmament.” 03/13. Arkansas' 2004 season-average cotton price of 55. The National Cotton Council has cautioned that "reductions in U. Soybeans ranked first at 3. a Mississippi County cotton farmer from Manila. "That would cripple the agriculture economy in Arkansas. But Seth Meyer. The 301-page WTO appeals decision. and soybean crop.6 million acres.

Arizona Debate Institute 2008 Fellows State Economy DAs non-Iowa North Dakota Economy DA ***Sugar Beets*** 9/31 .

Farm input manufacturing also has become an important component of North Dakota’s manufacturing sector.e. and I look forward to producing new legislation that will continue to help North Dakota's farmers. Economic development and diversification have long been priorities for North Dakota policy makers. which is of immense advantage to our economy. “Weak dollar has benefits for economy. and rural communities.500 or more residents) has grown from 45. ranchers. sales to out- of-state markets). During the same period. towns with 2. I was proud to be one of four chief negotiators during the last Farm Bill.. as several input manufacturers began or expanded operations during the 1990s.. (2) Agriculture key to US econ (Insert card from Starter Set) 10/31 .6 percent in 1980 to 53. North Dakota has increased foreign exports of agricultural machinery from about (B) Link – subsidies key to North Dakota economy Conrad 08 (“Agriculture.senate. have contributed to the long-term trend of declining farm numbers. developing agricultural products processing facilities within the state was a major economic development initiative. including low commodity prices and adverse weather. problems in the farm sector. gross state product (value added).3 percent in 1990 and 55.” In-Forum. particularly agriculture." (C) Impacts – North Dakota agriculture key North Dakota’s economy historically has been closely tied to natural resource-intensive industries.” http://conrad. Key indicators used in the analysis include sales for final demand (i. These trends suggest some restructuring of the state’s economy may have occurred. We need to maintain and improve current commodity programs and look for new ways to further tie energy in with the crops we grow. the percentage of the state’s population living in urban places (i. July 27) The new parity of the Canadian dollar with ours has greatly increased the number of Canadians shopping and vacationing in North Dakota.Arizona Debate Institute 2008 Fellows State Economy DAs non-Iowa 1NC – North Dakota Economy DA (A) Uniqueness – North Dakota econ high Moore 08 (Delbert. and employment for each economic sector. Since about 1980.0 percent in 2000. During the1990s. The purpose of this report is to assess the role of agriculture in the North Dakota economy. as well as recent changes in the state’s economic structure.cfm) "Agriculture is the backbone of North Dakota's economy.e. and it is important that we build upon the successes of the 2002 Farm Bill as we write a new Farm Bill this year.gov/issues/agriculture.

” July 16.txt) Sales tax receipts give one indication of the health of a state's economy.Arizona Debate Institute 2008 Fellows State Economy DAs non-Iowa Uniqueness – North Dakota Econ High Econ high – health care Bismack Tribune 08 (“Economy still strong in North Dakota. North Dakotans continue to spend. Econ high Hagenbaugh 08 (Barbara. such as John Deere. 11/31 . Not only are the higher prices helping farmers. sales of $2.42 billion in the state indicated an increase of 12. such as regions of North and South Dakota. Iowa. In the first quarter of 2008.-based company said last month it expects sales of equipment such as tractors and combines to rise approximately 17% in 2008. The healthy economy has been sustained for a remarkable 20 consecutive quarters. Kansas and Nebraska. Bismarck's increase was right at 6 percent.bismarcktribune. “How’s the economy in your hometown?” USA Today.com/articles/2008/07/16/news/opinion/editorials/160293. five years of each quarter showing more sales than the previous year's equivalent period. (DE) The Moline. Ill. www. 3/6) While higher farm prices are leading to rising prices in grocery stores. the gains are providing a big boost to areas where grains are grown. but they also are boosting sales of companies that sell to farmers.9 percent from the same time the year before.

Arizona Debate Institute 2008 Fellows State Economy DAs non-Iowa Massachusetts Economy DA ***Fisheries*** 12/31 .

new Convention and Exhibition Center. Deval L. Gov.. world-class museums. Secretary Bowles. Boston is the 22nd largest US city. legislators representing coastal regions and our congressional delegation deserve our praise and thanks for their continued hard work on this important issue. tourists and business visitors alike. the University of Massachusetts reported. report says. (B) Link – subsidies key to Mass economy Patrick and Murray 08 June 9. beautiful natural surroundings.org/IndicatorsProject/Economy/Default. governmental. 13/31 ." (C) Impacts – Mass econ key to US econ Boston Foundation 08 (“Economy” http://www. "Governor Patrick." said Senator Kerry." Senator Kennedy's spokeswoman Melissa Wagoner said. Those who have been harmed by the reductions in their days at sea mandated by Framework 42 should contact the Division of Marine Fisheries to apply for this well-deserved assistance. extensive public transit. "The preservation and promotion of our fishing industry is an important part of the Patrick-Murray Administration's economic agenda." "The Massachusetts fishing industry is a vital part of the Commonwealth's economy. “State far outpacing US economy. culture of innovation and skilled workforce.000 inhabitants. Boston ranks 2nd in its ratio of jobs to residents.” The Boston Globe. reinvigorated cultural sector. a beautiful physical infrastructure.Arizona Debate Institute 2008 Fellows State Economy DAs non-Iowa 1NC – Massachusetts Economy DA (A)Uniqueness – Massachusetts econ high Gavin 08 (Robert T.2 percent annual rate in the first quarter. Boston is a destination for immigrants. Murray. international airport and deep-water port. while the US economy grew only slightly -. DiMasi. Senate President Murray. professional and human services. "Senator Kennedy is delighted that this long overdue relief is finally being made available to the fishermen." the nation’s 7th largest metro area. and the gateway to New England.000 and one million." "Thousands of Massachusetts fishermen are finally getting the urgent relief they need. The state's economy expanded at 3.aspx) Boston anchors a regional economy of more than five million people that extends from Southern New Hampshire to Worcester and Cape Cod — making up the US Census Bureau’s "Boston-Worcester-Manchester Consolidated Statistical Area. business. At slightly fewer than 600. "I am happy that as a result of the all of our hard work we are able to deliver the financial assistance that will enable thousands of our fishermen to get back on their feet and allow for the survival of one of our state's most significant and storied industries. the City’s Main Streets Initiative and a spate of new supermarkets. Revitalized neighborhood business districts reflect Community Development Corporation(CDC) activity. Lieutenant Gov.at a 0. yet it has one of the nation’s highest concentrations of jobs and income." said House Speaker Salvatore F. while major new commercial and mixed-use development is transforming many parts of the city.tbf. doubling its population each day as commuters flow into the city to work.4 Million in Relief Funds for Fishing Industry" "The over 1500 miles of Massachusetts coastlines and the communities it includes are not just part of our history and identity but a vital part of our economy. vibrant neighborhoods. April 30) The Massachusetts economy.6 percent annual rate. UMass said." said Lt. grew about five times faster than the nation's in the first three months of the year. and in financial. "Governor Patrick Announces $13. Boston’s competitive advantages lie in research and development emerging from the area’s institutions of higher education and health care. according to the Commerce Department." "I am pleased the federal government recognized the importance of helping a vital industry in the Commonwealth while we all work to create a long-term fisheries management plan that truly works. Timothy P. Governor Timothy P. buoyed by the technology sector. Among US cities with populations between 500. With its historic character.

Arizona Debate Institute 2008 Fellows State Economy DAs non-Iowa North Carolina Economy DA ***CAFO’s*** 14/31 .

Japan. who released his quarterly forecast for the state today (B) Link – subsidies key to North Carolina economy Missouri Rural Crisis Center 05 (“The facts abut CAFOs” http://www. The United States makes more manufactured goods today than at any time in history. Even the lowest-paid lab technician takes home far more than the seamstresses earned. the United States is responsible for almost one-fourth of global manufacturing.000). the hog producers’ share of the retail dollar decreased 30% from $. the supposed heyday of American industry. hog numbers in Missouri have stayed the same (2. The number of farmers raising hogs is more important than the number of hogs being produced. the site is occupied by a biotechnology company. From 1985-2005.S. Biolex Therapeutics. the unemployment rate in Linn County decreased by 0.three times as much as in the mid-1950s. its product will be substantially more lucrative than pantyhose.” UNC Charlotte) The North Carolina economy is expected to continue its seventh year of economic expansion in 2008.” CAFOs do not translate into Grain Production for Local Communities: A comparison between the three counties that produce the most CAFO hogs and three counties that have two or fewer CAFOs shows an increase in grain production in the non-CAFO counties of 6.albeit modern varieties that could scarcely have been imagined a half-century ago: Today. But the retooling of this old brick building on Credle Street underscores how.A Missouri study found that corporate contract operations create a net loss of employment. the family farm system creates: 10% more permanent jobs. American manufacturing is in many regards stronger than ever.21 million bushels while the CAFO counties show a decrease in grain production by 2. corporate contract operations displace 28 jobs. churning out pantyhose. a share that has changed little in decades. (C) Impacts – North Carolina economy key to US econ Goodman 07 (Peter S. Between 1977 and 2005. the retail price of pork increased 75% from $1. Since Linn County enacted its health ordinance in 1997. create jobs and know how to be good neighbors. The United States is the largest manufacturing economy by far. When comparing an equal number of sows on corporate contract operations versus family farms. But the old brick building is still here and still making products -." said Nancy May. While creating 9 jobs for every 12.62 to $2.94 million bushels between 1985 and 2004. The hosiery mill is gone now. economy.200.3 trillion to an all-time record $4. Despite Lags at National Level. Inside.a casualty of the global reordering that has concentrated production in Asia and Latin America. "It was the best employer in town.0%.com/ra05/mlc3_05. A Second Industrial Revolution.31. Connaughton. As lawmakers pursue legislation aimed at softening the blow from factory closures.000 hogs produced.inmotionmagazine.Arizona Debate Institute 2008 Fellows State Economy DAs non-Iowa 1NC – North Carolina Economy DA (A) Uniqueness – North Carolina econ high UNCC 08 (“Economist Expects State’s Economy to Grow in 2008. and as the downside of trade emerges as a talking point in the 2008 presidential campaign. Comparing a CAFO County to a Health Ordinance Protected County: From 1996 to June 2006. according to the Sullivan County Clerk. During the same period. to develop a drug for a serious liver ailment. “the financial condition of the county continues to decline at an alarming pace. If the start-up succeeds. a former worker. a bane to local ponds. despite its oft-pronounced demise. our 2006 budget will be doomed.html) It matters who is producing the Livestock: corporate controlled livestock factories or independent family farms who spend their $’s locally. while the number of hog farmers has decreased 85% from 15. 90 workers harness expensive laboratory equipment and a plant called duckweed. “In N. according to UNC Charlotte economist John E. has been losing ground. Some 400 workers tended to clattering looms. If our sales tax revenues don’t recover soon. according to the Bureau of Economic Analysis. the low-slung brick building in the center of this minuscule town was home to the Kayser-Roth hosiery mill.6% while the unemployment rate in neighboring Sullivan County increased by nearly 2.5 trillion.44 to $. September 3) Until the late 1950s. along with much of the Carolina textile industry -.000 to 2. In the last 15 years. the value of American manufacturing swelled from $1. 15/31 . In comparison.83. a 20% larger increase in local retail sales and a 37% larger increase in local income per capita. With less than 5 percent of the world's population. as measured by the dollar value of production adjusted for inflation -. the only serious rival for that title. it’s general revenue sales tax has increased 22%--without raising taxes.” Washington Post.C. Corporate concentration in the hog industry does not benefit consumers or independent producers. it might seem that manufacturing is a dying part of the U.700.

Imports are rising. American manufacturing is nevertheless undergoing fundamental change that is exerting enormous pressure on workers. North Carolina encapsulates the forces remaking American manufacturing. up from 10 percent in the 1970s. manufacturing employment has been shrinking dramatically. So while American manufacturing is not declining. By 2001. the American manufacturing workforce has since dropped to 14 million. nearly half completed high school and one-fourth attended some college. substituting machinery for people wherever possible.000 manufacturing jobs. But if the big picture is brighter than many realize. the lowest number since 1950. furniture-making and electronics. Brazil and dozens of other low-wage countries now part of a global marketplace for labor and materials. American exports are rising even faster than imports. as skills and training separate winners from losers.Arizona Debate Institute 2008 Fellows State Economy DAs non-Iowa China has been growing but represents only about one-tenth of world manufacturing. now representing a third of all manufactured goods consumed in the country. but companies face intense price competition. A stark educational divide has emerged on the factory floor. Manufacturers are redesigning production lines to make them more efficient. In 1973. and only 6 percent attended some college. At the same time. about three-fourths in textiles. with China. according to the National Association of Manufacturers. the state has become a rising powerhouse in lucrative new manufacturing sectors such as biotechnology. according to the North Carolina Commission on Workforce Development. more than half of all American manufacturing workers failed to complete high school. the state lost 72. 16/31 . Between 2002 and 2005. India. pharmaceuticals and sophisticated textiles. After peaking in 1979 at 19 million workers.

Arizona Debate Institute 2008 Fellows State Economy DAs non-Iowa *** AFF*** North Carolina 17/31 .

2 percent over the 2007 level. with an annualized real rate of 3.Arizona Debate Institute 2008 Fellows State Economy DAs non-Iowa Uniqueness – North Carolina Econ Low Econ low UNCC 08 (“Economist Expects State’s Economy to Grow in 2008. inflation adjusted Gross State Product (GSP) to increase by 2. Connaughton predicts that GSP will increase by an annualized real growth rate of 2.0 percent. By quarter. in spite of several areas of concern.9 percent in the first quarter and 3. 18/31 .” Nevertheless.5 percent but anticipates a rebound in the fourth quarter. “Both rising energy prices and sub- prime credit problem have affected consumer behavior. He expects GSP growth to drop off in the third quarter to 2.3 percent in the second quarter.” he added.” he said.” UNC Charlotte) Connaughton is optimistic for the state overall. and the sub-prime credit scare is negatively affecting consumer’s confidence to purchase big-ticket items. “These two factors together slowed the North Carolina economy during 2007 and are likely to continue to be a problem into 2008. Despite Lags at National Level. “Rising gasoline prices are taking income out of consumer’s pockets and slowing purchases in other sectors. Connaughton expects the real.

Arizona Debate Institute 2008 Fellows State Economy DAs non-Iowa *** AFF*** California 19/31 .

two new reports project. according to UCLA. down from 1.5 percent in 2008. with non-farm jobs growing just 0.1 percent by the second half of next year and remain at that elevated level for most of 2009. “Reports predict dismal year for California economy.” San Fran Chronicle.Arizona Debate Institute 2008 Fellows State Economy DAs non-Iowa Uniqueness – Cali Econ Low Econ low Zuckerman 07 (Sam. 20/31 .3 percent this year. The unemployment rate will rise to 6.The quarterly UCLA Anderson Forecast predicts the state will barely avoid recession. staff writer. December 6) California's economy will turn ugly in the year ahead as the housing crunch takes a big bite out of jobs and widens the state budget deficit.

Arizona Debate Institute 2008 Fellows State Economy DAs non-Iowa ***AFF *** Florida 21/31 .

based in Tampa. Information Services and Systems (http://www. Although the number of new homes being built continues to decline. TECO Energy (NYSE: TE). the company’s principal subsidiary. 07/29/08. “It’s a matter of when. in the second quarter of 2007. Tampa Electric.07/31. demographic trends keep marching forward. higher energy prices and bad news coming from financial markets are keeping potential buyers at bay.2 million. the number of vacant homes fell from 1. compared to $73.236 at the end of the first quarter to 1. he said.6-month supply of homes on the market. and the uncertainty surrounding Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac represents additional financial market problems. In Palm Beach County. down from the earlier outlook in a range of 95 cents to $1. Inselmann noted. the supply of finished vacant single-family homes in Broward County subdivisions increased for the seventh consecutive quarter.7 million for the same period in 2007. but Hudson said the prices in new sales contract will drive growth in earnings from the coal business next year. president of Metrostudy. said in a release.” he said.08. is an energy-related holding company. A week economy.2 million. Quarterly housing starts for Miami-Dade County dropped from 384 units in the first quarter of the year to 277 in the second quarter. Sherrill Hudson. Revenue for the three months ended June 30 was $887.html?q=Florida%20economy) The news remains grim for South Florida’s housing market.1 months as the annual pace of move-ins slowed. the tightening of credit standards has removed a sizable number of formerly qualified buyers from the market.Arizona Debate Institute 2008 Fellows State Economy DAs non-Iowa Uniqueness – Florida Econ Low Florida’s Economy low. from 1. not if. Housing market is down because weak economy Susan R.” 22/31 .7 million. or 35 cents a share. but the continued weak Florida economy and housing market limited customer and energy sales growth. Various forecasts earlier in the year indicated that the housing market was expected to bottom out in 2008.weather.5 million in the same period a year earlier. posted net income for the second quarter of $40.” Hudson said. a 4. compared with $34. according to the release. TECO Energy also reduced its earnings guidance for the rest of 2008.10 a share.4-month supply. housing. the supply of finished vacant homes remained at a record 6. Earnings from TECO Coal were lower than expected due to production costs impacting the entire industry. lack of energy growth Tampa Bay Business Journal . Meantime.229 during the second quarter – the highest number in at least a decade.com/southflorida/stories/2008/07/28/daily21. compared to $866. But the news is not all grim. Miller. a national housing tracking and consulting company. chairman and chief executive. with numerous factors in play that continue to stave off a recovery in sales of new and existing homes.bizjournals. South Florida Business Journal. The results for the quarter reflect benefits of the TECO Energy debt retirements. Associate Director.4 million. setting the stage for a decade of strong housing demand in the United States.131 during the first quarter to 1. “As these issues run their cycle. TECO Guatemala produced strong results.015 at the end of the second quarter. said second quarter net income was $51. according to a report released Tuesday by Metrostudy.” said Mike Inselmann. This represents a 7.3-month supply of total inventory. but the credit and housing issues appear to be deeper and more protracted than were forecast even a few months ago. creating a pool of potential buyers who will express themselves in the market when credit normalcy and calmer consumer psychology return.com/tampabay/stories/2008/07/28/daily45. The company now said it expects 2008 earnings from continuing operations to be in a range between 80 cents and 90 cents a share.html) TECO Energy Inc. Tampa Bay Business Journal (http://www. or 24 cents a share. “Our Florida utilities benefited from better weather than last year. Miami-Dade has an 11.bizjournals. “While builder cutbacks and discounted pricing are having an effect on reducing the inventory of homes. according to the study.

According to the Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission. "Now. a boat dealer who owns the Cozy Cove Marina near Fort Lauderdale. it's totally ridiculous.Arizona Debate Institute 2008 Fellows State Economy DAs non-Iowa Uniqueness – Florida Econ Low Florida’s economy low Adrian Burns. at all. Florida economy is down Greg Allen.org/templates/story/story. it cost about $100 or $120. and when he does.php?storyId=93081828) The economic downturn is taking a toll on the boating industry in Florida. traffic here has gotten lighter. 07/30/08.bizjournals." he says. south of Miami on Biscayne Bay. And as for boat traffic on the water? "Hardly any boats . Fla.and earnings have gone downhill .. many Floridians are finding it harder to use. Take Black Point Marina. On a recent morning. Park National Corp. "Oh. (http://www. 07/25/08." he says. of course.woes that are wreaking havoc for the banks that once had high hopes for their forays. no one even asked how much fuel it burns — just how fast does it go. operated primarily in Ohio for decades and was known for miniscule loan losses and strong performance. A line of Midwestern banks in recent years traveled to Florida in an effort to tap the state's red-hot real estate market and robust economic growth.npr. For boater Hank Banalewicz. California and other places where boating is big.com/columbus/stories/2008/07/28/story4. That's the story in Florida — and also in Michigan. With high fuel prices and expensive boat payments. fuel costs about twice as much as last summer. he uses it differently.. Banalewicz says he takes his boat out less frequently now. "Two years ago. how many engines can I put on there?" Skinner says. But the housing market there has turned ice cold and the state's economy has declined with it . Von Skinner. He cruises less and anchors more.since it acquired Vision Bancshares Inc. says the cost of fuel is also now becoming an issue with boat buyers. the state has more than a million registered vessels — one boat for every 18 people. Marina officials say as fuel prices have risen. (http://www. Fla. sell — and keep — their boats. The speed ain't as important. of Panama City. Last year. people are starting to think more fuel economy. But the Newark- based bank's loan losses have soared . NPR. in March of last year. . when gas was cheaper." 23/31 . Business First of Columbus.html?q=Florida%20economy) A market that once seemed like a banker's Valhalla for its fountain of growth is instead weighing heavily on the Ohio banks that ventured there. he says it cost him $250 to take out a boat. .

Congressmen justify the sugar program as protecting Americans from the "roller-coaster of international sugar prices.” April) Since 1980. especially in the arid West. Agricultural water subsidies alone amount to around $2 billion annually. Some people win the lottery.Arizona Debate Institute 2008 Fellows State Economy DAs non-Iowa Florida Economy – Link Turns Plan saves money Bovard 98 (James. author of Lost Rights: The Destruction of American Liberty. Congress protects consumers from the roller-coaster by pegging American sugar prices on a level with the Goodyear blimp floating far above the amusement park. sugar prices have been as high as or higher than world prices for 44 of the last 45 years. “The Great Sugar Shaft.” Reason. Christopher Preble. Saves money Griswold et al 06 (Daniel. the sugar program has cost consumers and taxpayers the equivalent of more than $3 million for each American sugar grower. U. Congress has spent billions to repair the damage caused to the Everglades by the protected sugar industry. Farm programs also waste scarce water resources.S. propping up such uneconomical enterprises as growing cotton in the Arizona desert.com) Domestic sugar protection has maintained a concentration of producers in central Florida who have used up water from the endangered Florida Everglades while spitting back phosphorous content far above the level consistent with maintaining the surrounding ecosystem. other people grow sugar.) declared. 24/31 . Unfortunately. such as algae." as Rep.D. Byron Dorgan (D. that supports birds and other animal life. and Stephen Slivinski.-N. “Six Reasons to Kill Farm Subsidies and Trade Barriers.” The Future of Freedom Foundation. The high runoff has seriously reduced periphyton.

Arizona Debate Institute 2008 Fellows State Economy DAs non-Iowa *** AFF*** Massachusetts 25/31 .

UMass analysts said. according to UMass.5 percent over the next six months. employment growth is likely to stall or decline. 26/31 . consumers are struggling.Arizona Debate Institute 2008 Fellows State Economy DAs non-Iowa Uniqueness – Massachusetts Econ Low Econ low Gavin 08 (Robert T. And continued weakness in housing and consumer spending will slow the state's economic growth to an annual rate of about 2. such as retail.” The Boston Globe. Consumer sectors. Falling home values combined with rising food and fuel costs are hurting confidence and spending. according to state figures. report says. Retail employment has declined about 1 percent over the last year. the UMass-Boston professor who calculates the state economic growth rates. said Alan Clayton-Matthews. At that rate of expansion. “State far outpacing US economy. are losing jobs. April 30) Nonetheless.

The biggest check: $15. and Megan Clarke. a cooperative of 9. But smaller growers are placed at a competitive disadvantage by a program once intended to keep them from losing their land.000 for an individual -.” The Atlanta Journal- Constitution.8 million to Riceland Foods of Arkansas.$180. who can use the payments to leverage bigger loans to grow more crops. Circumventing limits -. 27/31 .results in higher payouts to larger growers. Ken Foskett. subsidy dollars.Cotton Plan saves money Chapman et al 06 (Dan. or triple. “How savvy growers can double.000 rice farmers. October 2) Total paid to these 195 recipients: $353 million.Arizona Debate Institute 2008 Fellows State Economy DAs non-Iowa Link Turns .

Arizona Debate Institute 2008 Fellows State Economy DAs non-Iowa *** AFF*** North Dakota 28/31 .

1 and March’s 50. capital-intensive livestock operations in the state that could have added to the local economic base.p hp) The RMI for North Dakota advanced to a healthy 56.” May 15. reflecting what some see as a trend.Arizona Debate Institute 2008 Fellows State Economy DAs non-Iowa Uniqueness – North Dakota Econ Low North Dakota econ low Creighton University 08 (“Rural Mainstreet Economy Declines to Record Low.6 from April’s 50.edu/publicrelations/newscenter/news/2008/may2008/may152008/rural_mainstreet_goss_051508/index. Scott Tewksbury. However.” 29/31 . The ban has hampered financing efforts for large-scale.5. CEO of Heartland State Bank in Edgeley.4 for May. retail sales were a weak 36. sees large-scale farming operations doing less business locally. “The ban on corporate farming has not kept farm operations from growing to large-scale size that may do less business with the Mainstreet economy.creighton. www2.

Arizona Debate Institute 2008 Fellows State Economy DAs non-Iowa ***AFF *** Arkansas 30/31 .

Arizona Debate Institute 2008 Fellows State Economy DAs non-Iowa Uniqueness – Arkansas Econ Low Arkansas economy low Associated Press 08 (“Current Economy Affecting Farmers.” said Womack. Agriculture economists say it may be a rough road for a while for farmers for a while. Arkansas farmers filled a Springdale convention center to talk about their trade. "We feel like we're in a temporary situation. to feed. Live stock numbers will go up. From fuel to run tractors. “We raise half a million chickens a year and 100 hundred head of cattle. producers will catch up and corn prices will go down and hopefully people will have a pretty decent shot at making money every year. "Thirty cents on a 600-pound calf. 31/31 . but not forever. prices are on the rise and profits are down. Womack says it’s leaving some farmers with a tough choice.com) The rising cost of everything from fuel to feed is costing farmers big profits. "Go out of business or file bankruptcy." said economist Jim Sartwelle. so much so that it’s forcing some out of business." said Womack.” July 22. that's 150 less per calf. www. The price to sell a head of cattle is down 25 to 30 cents a pound from last year." said Kenny Womack who owns a farm in east Arkansas.4029tv. Womack said he came to the meeting to learn more about the current economy of the industry.