You are on page 1of 42

SDI 2008 1

WHAM! File Title

Elections 2NC Blocks
Elections 2NC Blocks.................................................................................................................................................1
Elections 2NC Blocks.....................................................................................................................1
***Uniqueness***......................................................................................................................................................4
***Uniqueness***..........................................................................................................................4
2NC Uniqueness Wall – AT: McCain Win.................................................................................................................5
2NC Uniqueness Wall – AT: McCain Win..................................................................................5
2NC Uniqueness Wall – AT: McCain Win.................................................................................................................6
2NC Uniqueness Wall – AT: McCain Win..................................................................................6
2NC AT: McCain Win (AT: Clinton Supporters)......................................................................................................7
2NC AT: McCain Win (AT: Clinton Supporters)......................................................................7
2NC AT: McCain Win (AT: Independents)...............................................................................................................8
2NC AT: McCain Win (AT: Independents)................................................................................8
2NC AT: McCain Win (AT: Latinos).........................................................................................................................9
2NC AT: McCain Win (AT: Latinos)..........................................................................................9
2NC AT: McCain Win (AT: Obama Flip-Flop On Iraq)..........................................................................................10
2NC AT: McCain Win (AT: Obama Flip-Flop On Iraq)........................................................10
2NC AT: McCain Win (AT: McCain Electorals Montpoli).....................................................................................11
2NC AT: McCain Win (AT: McCain Electorals Montpoli)....................................................11
Obama Will Win........................................................................................................................................................12
Obama Will Win..........................................................................................................................12
***Link***...............................................................................................................................................................13
***Link***...................................................................................................................................13
2NC Link Wall – US-China Coop.............................................................................................................................14
2NC Link Wall – US-China Coop...............................................................................................14
2NC Link Wall – US-China Coop – AT: Money......................................................................................................15
2NC Link Wall – US-China Coop – AT: Money.......................................................................15
2NC Link Wall – RPS...............................................................................................................................................16
2NC Link Wall – RPS..................................................................................................................16
2NC Link Wall – RPS – AT: Plan Controversial......................................................................................................17
2NC Link Wall – RPS – AT: Plan Controversial......................................................................17
2NC Link Wall – RPS – AT: GOP Backlash............................................................................................................18
2NC Link Wall – RPS – AT: GOP Backlash.............................................................................18
2NC Link Wall – RPS – AT: Dems Oppose.............................................................................................................19
2NC Link Wall – RPS – AT: Dems Oppose..............................................................................19

SDI 2008 2
WHAM! File Title

2NC Link Wall – RPS – AT: Flip-Flop....................................................................................................................20
2NC Link Wall – RPS – AT: Flip-Flop......................................................................................20
2NC Link Wall – Feebates........................................................................................................................................21
2NC Link Wall – Feebates...........................................................................................................21
2NC Link Wall – Feebates – AT: Perceived As Tax.................................................................................................22
2NC Link Wall – Feebates – AT: Perceived As Tax..................................................................22
2NC Link Wall – Cellulosic Ethanol.........................................................................................................................23
2NC Link Wall – Cellulosic Ethanol..........................................................................................23
2NC Link Wall – Tradeable Permits.........................................................................................................................24
2NC Link Wall – Tradeable Permits..........................................................................................24
2NC Link Wall – Tradeable Permits.........................................................................................................................25
2NC Link Wall – Tradeable Permits..........................................................................................25
2NC Link Wall – Tradeable Permits – AT: Energy Prices Link Turn......................................................................26
2NC Link Wall – Tradeable Permits – AT: Energy Prices Link Turn...................................26
2NC Link Wall – Nuke Power..................................................................................................................................27
2NC Link Wall – Nuke Power.....................................................................................................27
2NC Link Wall – Nuke Power – AT: Yucca/Waste Link Turn.................................................................................28
2NC Link Wall – Nuke Power – AT: Yucca/Waste Link Turn................................................28
2NC AT: GOP Base Link Turn ...............................................................................................................................29
2NC AT: GOP Base Link Turn .................................................................................................29
2NC AT: GOP Base Link Turn.................................................................................................................................30
2NC AT: GOP Base Link Turn...................................................................................................30
2NC AT: Environment Not Key To Elections..........................................................................................................31
2NC AT: Environment Not Key To Elections...........................................................................31
2NC AT: Economy Key To Elections.......................................................................................................................32
2NC AT: Economy Key To Elections.........................................................................................32
2NC AT: McCain Is Not Coattailed To Bush ..........................................................................................................33
2NC AT: McCain Is Not Coattailed To Bush ...........................................................................33
***Impact***............................................................................................................................................................34
***Impact***...............................................................................................................................34
2NC AT: LOST Impact Takeouts.............................................................................................................................35
2NC AT: LOST Impact Takeouts..............................................................................................35
2NC AT: LOST Kills Economy/Power Projection...................................................................................................36
2NC AT: LOST Kills Economy/Power Projection...................................................................36
2NC AT: LOST Empirically False...........................................................................................................................37
2NC AT: LOST Empirically False.............................................................................................37

SDI 2008 3
WHAM! File Title

2NC AT: LOST Bad – Sovereignty..........................................................................................................................38
2NC AT: LOST Bad – Sovereignty............................................................................................38
2NC AT: No Overpopulation Solvency....................................................................................................................39
2NC AT: No Overpopulation Solvency......................................................................................39
2NC AT: McCain Won’t Strike Iran.........................................................................................................................40
2NC AT: McCain Won’t Strike Iran.........................................................................................40
2NC AT: McCain Won’t Strike Iran.........................................................................................................................41
2NC AT: McCain Won’t Strike Iran.........................................................................................41
2NC Impact Overview – GGR..................................................................................................................................42
2NC Impact Overview – GGR....................................................................................................42

SDI 2008 4
WHAM! File Title

***Uniqueness***

Roosevelt unseated Herbert Hoover in the depth of the Great Depression in 1932.cbsnews. Our evidence says these are the critical states in the election and McCain is facing an uphill climb. McCain seems to realize that he faces an uphill battle: At a fundraiser yesterday.com/bostonglobe/editorial_opinion/oped/articles/2008/06/28/economy_bodes_ill_wind_for_mccain/] HISTORICALLY. even as other factors come into play. while expansions tend to lead to reelection. we are the underdog. That’s what I like to be. has developed a model to predict the outcome of the vote in each state.com/blogs/2008/06/25/politics/horserace/entry4207063. Boom times helped reelect Ronald Reagan in 1984 and Bill Clinton in 1996.boston. Senator Barack Obama. the results of presidential elections often seem to track basic economic conditions. it might be tempting to think so. ( ) Obama will win because of the Economy Faucher 6/28/08 [Augustine. In addition. And as of June. 79 percent of liberals vowed to vote for Obama.com. ECONOMIC conditions have played an enormous role in presidential elections. ( ) Electoral indicators Montopoli 6/25/08 [BRIAN political correspondent. almost every metric in the race favors the Democratic candidate – among them the candidate’s fundraising ability. director of macroeconomics at Moody's Economy. The poll also suggests that more voters are identifying as Democrats than Republicans. Franklin D.shtml] Does Barack Obama already have the presidency locked up? For Democrats. My employer. and that John McCain is suffering from a “passion gap” – while just 58 percent of conservatives said they would vote for McCain. and disenchantment with the current (Republican) president. “We are behind. Moody's Economy. trends in party identification. For all the money and time and effort that go into campaigning. CBS NEWS http://www.SDI 2008 5 WHAM! File Title 2NC Uniqueness Wall – AT: McCain Win Group the 2AC numbers ____ on the uniqueness debate: ( ) Extend 1NC Cillizza 2008 evidence—Obama is winning because of independents in key battleground states. A Los Angeles Times/Bloomberg poll out yesterday shows Obama with a 12 point edge – an advantage that stretches to 15 points when Ralph Nader and Bob Barr are included.” . the presumptive GOP nominee said.com in West Chester. Boston Globe. The results forecast the Electoral College vote. based on economic conditions at the time of the election. Economic downturns are bad news for the incumbent. the model is predicting a big victory for the Democrat. http://www. Pa.

if RCP forces each state into redness or blueness however small the polling lead. NM.” Latinos are supposedly too racist to vote for a black candidate – and pundits say a sizable number will vote Republican (ignoring the party’s xenophobic jihad on immigration policy. with other polls showing similar results. online newspaper news staff. where his lead has recently fluctuated between zero and 9 percentage points with a Real Clear Politics average of 4. “I'm sure there are female Hillary Clinton voters who will go for John McCain in the general election. When respondents were asked who they would vote for if only given the choice between Obama. in fact. 7/18. weak control of eight states (116) and is barely ahead three states (11). McCain and "someone else. Two states. Real Clear Politics scores the current standings two ways: 255 electoral votes for Obama.8 per cent .9 per cent * Undecided: 9. “but I don't think too many of them will be feminists. pundits wrote (and still write) stories about disgruntled Hillary supporters who will vote for John McCain in the November election. In the Electoral College. released Wednesday. which averages several polls.php?itemid=5826] But anyone who closely follows the election online knows that Obama has solidified the Democratic Party base – and is on a clear path to winning the presidency in November.com/ericblack/2008/07/18/2616/electoral_college_snapshot_ii Based on state-by-state polls. But one thing I like about Votemaster's map is that he has more categories to indicate the size of Obama or McCain's lead in each state. also suggests independent candidate Ralph Nader and Libertarian candidate Bob Barr would draw votes away from McCain.1 percentage points as of Thursday night. it comes out 309-229 in favor of Obama.ca/servlet/ArticleNews/story/CTVNews/20080716/us_poll_080716/20080716?hub=Politics A new poll suggests Barack Obama has a seven-point lead over John McCain in the race to the White House. 163 for John McCain with 120 in states too close to call or. When you consider that Bush got 40% of the Latino vote in 2004. Tanenbaum. Unlike Real Clear Politics." most said they would support the Democratic candidate: * Obama: 47 per cent * McCain: 40. Votemaster says Obama leads in states with a total of 320 electoral votes compared with 204 for McCain and two states worth 14 EV that are exactly tied in the most recent poll. A recent poll shows Latinos breaking 62-28 for Obama over McCain. were exactly tied in the most recent polls considered by Votemaster.minnpost.” said Katha Pollitt in The Nation. North Dakota and Missouri. Votemaster says Obama is ahead solidly (10 points or more) in 16 states (plus the District of Columbia) worth 211 EV. ( ) Latino and Women Vote and Solid Base Hogarth 7/1/08 [Paul. The Zogby poll. by contrast. Votemaster awards each state to whichever candidate is ahead in the most recent poll. Beyond Chron: San Francisco’s Alternative Online Daily http://www. 7-16-2008. ahead "weakly" (5-9 points) in five states worth 35 EV and "barely" ahead (less than 5 points) in five states worth 74 EV. but nearly 10 per cent of voters have yet to make up their minds. McCain has solid control of 11 states (77 EV). Women are not supposed to vote for Obama because.) But the facts are getting into the way of that theory. in droves.3 per cent * Other: 2. I can picture arguments for both methods and will try to monitor both maps to get the benefit of each. than is reflected in national popular vote polls. but polling shows McCain’s anti-choice record (once women hear about it) is going to be a huge liability.beyondchron. according to Geraldine Ferraro. Because to vote for McCain. Electoral College snapshot II. Wisconsin and Pennsylvania.SDI 2008 6 WHAM! File Title 2NC Uniqueness Wall – AT: McCain Win ( ) Obama is currently ahead in the electoral votes Eric Black Ink.” Obama will win the general because he has a solidified lead in all the states John Kerry won in 2004 – even swing states like Michigan. he’s run a “terribly sexist campaign. ( ) Independent candidates leach votes from McCain CTV. http://www. “Obama leads McCain in new election poll”. Obama is likely to pick up either Colorado.ca. a professor of computer science who writes under the handle of Votemaster and who updates his map every day based on the latest polling. As of Thursday night. worth 14 EV. Barack Obama continues to occupy a dominant position on the Electoral College map — far more dominant.O. After Hillary Clinton suspended her primary campaign and endorsed Obama. While the blue states won’t be enough to win the Presidency.ctv. New Mexico or Nevada – and possibly all three states. I've been watching another electoral college map site maintained by Andrew S. Not only have Democratic women united behind Obama. staff writer. http://www. And McCain has more to worry about Republican women deserting him than vice versa. Along with labor’s unprecedented get-out-the-vote effort to target that community in November.P. it’s obvious that Latinos are deserting the G. thereby extending Obama's lead even further.org/news/index. a feminist would have to be insane. it prevents Obama from having to play defense – giving him 252 electoral votes in the bag and shifting the battle into traditionally Republican states.

the latest Field Poll shows. . that’s the Hogart 7/1 card.com/news/ci_9903025. Barack Obama . ( ) Former Clinton supporters especially women will vote for the democrat. California Democrats and independent voters who backed Sen.a consolidation of support that has given him a 24-point lead over Republican rival John McCain in the nation's most populous state. 7/16/8. Obama.1 percentage points for its questions to 376 likely Democratic and nonpartisan voters asked about Obama's running mate. The poll shows that Clinton's supporters prefer Obama to McCain. not McCain.SDI 2008 7 WHAM! File Title 2NC AT: McCain Win (AT: Clinton Supporters) ( ) Obama will win – Clinton supporters approve—prefer our evidence because it postdates theirs which is important because voters change their minds daily San Francisco Chronicle. http://www. the poll carries a margin of error of 5.dailynews. and the Illinois senator holds a 2-to-1 lead among California's likely female voters. the Republican. Hillary Rodham Clinton have gravitated in huge numbers to Sen. However. 80 percent to 8 percent. Poll: Obama winning over Clinton backers in state. AP. That margin is far larger than the 3 percent error margin considered optimum for such polling.

SDI 2008 8 WHAM! File Title 2NC AT: McCain Win (AT: Independents) Prefer the 1NC Cillizza 8 evidence because it talks about the 4 swing states that are key to Obama’s victory and the independents that their evidence talks about may be spread all over the country which gives McCain no advantage. .

that’s Hogart 7/1 because of his favorable labor policies.SDI 2008 9 WHAM! File Title 2NC AT: McCain Win (AT: Latinos) Latinos will definitely vote for Obama. .

" a remark he qualified at the time with the condition that Americans were not being injured or killed. Last week. http://www.com/news/nation/articles/2008/06/22/obama_and_mccain___flip_flop_flip_flop/.boston. it says it will give McCain an opportunity to insult him . who suffered torture in Vietnam. Boston Globe reporter. his campaign has many ties to both and includes staffers who were once lobbyists. AB As a presidential candidate. Boston Globe. a dramatic contrast with his strong support for upholding the moratorium during his 2000 bid for the Republican nomination. he criticized the US Supreme Court for "one of the worst decisions in the history of this country" after the court ruled that detainees should be allowed to challenge their detentions in US courts. McCain is being asked by federal elections officials to show that he did not use the promise of public money to obtain a $4 million loan to kickstart his once faltering presidential campaign. 6/22/2008. detention centers. But as Media Matters for America reports. flip-flop”. Doing so would be disingenuous from a candidate who is routinely described as a champion of campaign finance reform. He backs the Bush tax cuts he once opposed with contempt. Meanwhile. McCain is blasting Obama for opting out of public financing. ( ) the card doesn’t actually say that Obama will lose. A former prisoner of war. and financial reforms Joan Vennochi. the Republican called for lifting the moratorium on offshore drilling. McCain now opposes his own immigration plan.SDI 2008 10 WHAM! File Title 2NC AT: McCain Win (AT: Obama Flip-Flop On Iraq) ( ) McCain has flip-flopped many times-immigration. McCain has called for the US detention center in Guantanamo Bay to be closed and for torture to be banned. McCain has also been trying to distance himself even further from an earlier comment that it "would be fine with me" if the US military stayed in Iraq "for a hundred years. Last week. “Obama and McCain – flip-flop. While McCain presents himself as a maverick feared by lobbyists and special interests.

SDI 2008 11 WHAM! File Title 2NC AT: McCain Win (AT: McCain Electorals Montpoli) ( ) Prefer our evidence—our Montopoli card is from 08 so it postdates which matters because the political environment changes over two years ( ) Prefer our evidence—There is no way that early polls could have been conclusive in ’06 ( ) This is a straw person argument-the same article also talks about how Obama is winning and will win the election—the entire argument is a wash—throw this out and prefer the rest of our Uniqueness evidence .

weak control of eight states (116) and is barely ahead three states (11). North Dakota and Missouri. http://www. Unlike Real Clear Politics. The poll shows that Clinton's supporters prefer Obama to McCain. 7/18. Obama will win – Clinton supporters approve San Francisco Chronicle. Barack Obama continues to occupy a dominant position on the Electoral College map — far more dominant. In the Electoral College. Poll: Obama winning over Clinton backers in state. But one thing I like about Votemaster's map is that he has more categories to indicate the size of Obama or McCain's lead in each state. and the Illinois senator holds a 2-to-1 lead among California's likely female voters. where his lead has recently fluctuated between zero and 9 percentage points with a Real Clear Politics average of 4. the poll carries a margin of error of 5.a consolidation of support that has given him a 24-point lead over Republican rival John McCain in the nation's most populous state. I've been watching another electoral college map site maintained by Andrew S.dailynews. http://www. than is reflected in national popular vote polls. McCain has solid control of 11 states (77 EV). were exactly tied in the most recent polls considered by Votemaster. California Democrats and independent voters who backed Sen. ahead "weakly" (5-9 points) in five states worth 35 EV and "barely" ahead (less than 5 points) in five states worth 74 EV. Tanenbaum. Votemaster awards each state to whichever candidate is ahead in the most recent poll. 07/16. 80 percent to 8 percent. Two states. 163 for John McCain with 120 in states too close to call or. ERIC BLACK INK. Real Clear Politics scores the current standings two ways: 255 electoral votes for Obama.1 percentage points as of Thursday night. I can picture arguments for both methods and will try to monitor both maps to get the benefit of each.minnpost. However. the latest Field Poll shows. Votemaster says Obama leads in states with a total of 320 electoral votes compared with 204 for McCain and two states worth 14 EV that are exactly tied in the most recent poll. a professor of computer science who writes under the handle of Votemaster and who updates his map every day based on the latest polling. in fact. AP.com/news/ci_9903025. Electoral College snapshot II. Votemaster says Obama is ahead solidly (10 points or more) in 16 states (plus the District of Columbia) worth 211 EV. . As of Thursday night. if RCP forces each state into redness or blueness however small the polling lead. Based on state-by-state polls.SDI 2008 12 WHAM! File Title Obama Will Win Obama is currently ahead in the electoral votes even though the popular vote does not indicate it. That margin is far larger than the 3 percent error margin considered optimum for such polling. Hillary Rodham Clinton have gravitated in huge numbers to Sen. which averages several polls. by contrast. it comes out 309-229 in favor of Obama.1 percentage points for its questions to 376 likely Democratic and nonpartisan voters asked about Obama's running mate.com/ericblack/2008/07/18/2616/electoral_college_snapshot_ii AP. worth 14 EV. Barack Obama .

SDI 2008 13 WHAM! File Title ***Link*** .

CQ Testimony." The American public supports conserving our precious resources. and China to work together.S. they won't care that China is the No. I am proud to say that the bipartisan letter. I think this is an opportunity that is before us now as we are part of the Strategic Economic Dialogue with China.S. and believes that it is in the best interests of our nation and the world to reduce our reliance on fossil fuel produced energy and move towards a sustainable future.Senator Smith." lexis] "In a speech last month. It would help make U. Finance Committee. Reducing energy use in our nation's homes would be a major step towards that goal.S. environmental. ( ) Voters won’t perceive the spending aspect of the plan. Senator.-CHINA ENERGY COOPERATION. 6/11/08 The American public believes the time is now to reduce energy usage and reduce the impacts of climate change." In addition." lexis] Ironically. 7/5/2007 [Robert. companies better positioned for economic opportunities both inside and outside China as we develop standards associated with our energy policy. Increased U. who will soon introduce legislation to create a $20 million program to fund joint research and development with Chinese universities on low-emissions coal generation. CANTWELL SPEAKS ON U. 5/22/2007 [Maria. we said.-China energy policy and a summit between our nations to focus on ways to cooperate on energy issues would have tremendous economic benefits for both our nations. "As long as many of my colleagues don't really believe in global warming.because I believe that they agree that this is an important opportunity for the U. "U.-China energy policy and bilateral energy summit. American Institute of Architects. in sending the letter to the President: "The way we approach global energy issues will affect the international economy and the world's environment for decades to come. . it will be spun as helping US- Sino relations Collier. Foreign Relations. 1 emitter." Israel said. The Tarrance Group and Lake Research Partners recently conducted a nationwide poll of voters and found that 74 percent of those polled agreed that "the government should take the lead in promoting real estate development that conserves our natural resources. "But if they believe that the United States is less secure because of China's voracious appetite for energy.S. and security benefits for both our nations. the best way of winning congressional support for energy cooperation with China might be to cast it as a solution for the bilateral tension. 71 percent of voters agreed that "the government should immediately put into effect new energy policies that drastically reduce greenhouse gas emissions.also was signed by the four chairs of important committees -. is pressured to help China curb emissions. "I recently sent a bipartisan letter to the President asking for a comprehensive U. Purnell President. said Israel.S.S. "ON SENATE FLOOR. A bilateral U.- China cooperation on energy and environment would have tremendous economic.S. Premier Wen acknowledged that China must focus on energy conservation and emission reduction in order to both develop the economy and protect the environment. D-WA. signed by several of my colleagues on the other side of the aisle -. they will be more receptive to ways to reduce that appetite. and Homeland Security Committee -. as well as solar and wind energy.the Energy Committee. Senator Voinovich -." ( ) Increased US-Sino energy coop is massively popular and bipartisan Cantwell. In fact.SDI 2008 14 WHAM! File Title 2NC Link Wall – US-China Coop ( ) Extend 1NC Link – Our Young 6/24 evidence says that energy policies will be popular because A) it is tied in to both the economy and the environment – both issues the voters care about and B) a majority of voters think it’s the top issue priority because of ending oil dependence ( ) Alternate energy is massively popular with public – new polls prove Marshall E. Senator Murkowski. Chronicle Staff Writer.

( ) (Read Unpopular – Generic answers) .SDI 2008 15 WHAM! File Title 2NC Link Wall – US-China Coop – AT: Money ( ) Their Coiler 7 card is terrible – it talks about taxpayers' reaction to sending direct money to China. voters would perceive us giving money to ourselves for globalization. The aff gives incentives to US companies to work in China. this card is irrelevant. ( ) Their Coiler 7 doesn’t say anything about voters changing their votes due to spending money. Thus. If anything.

“Congress to Pass Federal Renewable Energy Standard?”. Energy Industry”. RPS is now popular. 2008 [Joshua P. 2007. and believes that it is in the best interests of our nation and the world to reduce our reliance on fossil fuel produced energy and move towards a sustainable future." The American public supports conserving our precious resources. Renewable energy requirements have stronger support on both sides of the aisle as opposed to the more controversial limits on global warming emissions. 2007. ( ) Doesn’t matter what congress thinks about the plan. asst prof of law @ University of North Dakota School of Law. even if congress is important – we control uniqueness. http://mariasurmamanka.S. and continually increasing state RPS legislation indicate that support for a renewable energy mandate is stronger than ever." In addition. 6/11/08 The American public believes the time is now to reduce energy usage and reduce the impacts of climate change. growing support from utilities." . American Institute of Architects. “An RPS can almost certainly be done this year… It's one of the few things investors can count on in this Congress. Purnell President. Changing Market: The Impact of a National Renewable Portfolio Standard on the U. ( ) Unique link turn – climate initiatives are uniquly polarizing – rps differs . public relations professional [Maria Surma. February 28.greenoptions. Zhang] The Dow Jones Newswire reports that Congress is “likely” to pass a renewable energy standard – in this instance called a renewable portfolio standard (RPS) – in the next several months.supported by both sides of the aisle Manka. Rightly or wrongly. the majority of Americans appear ready to take a calculated risk to find out if renewable energy can fulfill its promise. Reducing energy use in our nation's homes would be a major step towards that goal. The Tarrance Group and Lake Research Partners recently conducted a nationwide poll of voters and found that 74 percent of those polled agreed that "the government should take the lead in promoting real estate development that conserves our natural resources. Green Options.com/2007/02/28/congress-to-pass-federal-renewable-energy-standard/. 29 Energy L. 71 percent of voters agreed that "the government should immediately put into effect new energy policies that drastically reduce greenhouse gas emissions.J. opposition remains strong. The question remains: Is Congress? ( ) But. However.. “Changing Resources. lexis/ttate] Public opinion polls. Prudential Equity Group analyst James Lucier went so far as to say.SDI 2008 16 WHAM! File Title 2NC Link Wall – RPS Extend 1NC Link – Our Young 6/24 evidence says that energy policies will be popular because A) it is tied in to both the economy and the environment – both issues the voters care about and B) a majority of voters think it’s the top issue priority because of ending oil dependence Alternate energy is massively popular with public – new polls prove Marshall E. 49. the voters like it FERSHEE. CQ Testimony.

(Read Unpopular – Generic) . Their cards indicate a specific time in which there was a fight.SDI 2008 17 WHAM! File Title 2NC Link Wall – RPS – AT: Plan Controversial Completely irrelevant – doesn’t matter what the congress thinks of the plan as long as the public supports it. This has absolutely no impact on the upcoming election. Senators don’t decide elections.

GOP senators don’t effect the election.SDI 2008 18 WHAM! File Title 2NC Link Wall – RPS – AT: GOP Backlash If read Coile. just a generic policy that the republicans opposed – no risk of a link turn. June 18 Their Coile card never once talks about RPS. Barkenbus and Sovacool or Garret 07 Their evidence is terrible – doesn’t talk about voter perception. just legislators. voters effect the election. (Read Unpopular – Generic) .

it says Dems have dropped the issue. It does not say Dems oppose. (Read Unpopular – Generic) . This is a complete straw-person argument – if anything them dropping the issue is a sign that the Democrats actually do support RPS because of the tone of the card.SDI 2008 19 WHAM! File Title 2NC Link Wall – RPS – AT: Dems Oppose Their Jenkins 07 is TERRIBLE.

Voters are going to be excited about ending oil dependency. they will not focus on changing their vote due to a flip flop on one issue – that’s 1NC Young 6/24/08 (Read Unpopular – Generic) .SDI 2008 20 WHAM! File Title 2NC Link Wall – RPS – AT: Flip-Flop They need to read a card saying a flip-flop in one policy is going to influence the voters.

org/Articles/Tellus_FeebateMemo_Nov25. the effect of a feebate can be further enhanced. September 13. reduce long-term structural demand for oil. Center for American Progress." The American public supports conserving our precious resources. in tough economic times state legislatures are often interested in fresh sources of revenue. Plan is net popular – Congress supports combining tax credits with mandates – Popular with the public – view as job creation and relief from oil Podesta et.org/issues/2005/09/b1033079. Anything other than neutrality could be perceived negatively as yet another rise in taxes. http://www.) Revenue neutrality can be quite important in determining public opinion about a feebate. Plan is revenue neutral – popular with public Bernow 02.html) In the face of record-breaking oil company profits. Chief of Staff under President Clinton and Visiting Prof of Law at Georgetown U. Yet. and believes that it is in the best interests of our nation and the world to reduce our reliance on fossil fuel produced energy and move towards a sustainable future. (In at least one recent case feebate legislation was deemed not successful because it was revenue-neutral during a period when the state was actively looking for revenue-enhancing measures1. it is hard to keep a feebate scheme completely revenue-neutral from year to year without adjusting the rate structure constantly to take into account the composition of the new vehicle fleet.raabassociates. “Program Design Features for Feebate Initiative: Survey of Existing Feebate Programs”. . PhD and former prof @ Rutgers U. progressives can offer decisive action and visionary leadership – to provide immediate relief to working Americans.americanprogress. Public opinion is with us. 6/11/08 The American public believes the time is now to reduce energy usage and reduce the impacts of climate change. Purnell President.) If a part of the revenues can be diverted to worthy programs (such as public outreach efforts to increase environmental awareness). November 25. (Steve. In any case.SDI 2008 21 WHAM! File Title 2NC Link Wall – Feebates Extend 1NC Link – Our Young 6/24 evidence says that energy policies will be popular because A) it is tied in to both the economy and the environment – both issues the voters care about and B) a majority of voters think it’s the top issue priority because of ending oil dependence Alternate energy is massively popular with public – new polls prove Marshall E. “Taking Action on Oil Savings”. and some amount of the revenue must necessarily be used for administrative costs. Reducing energy use in our nation's homes would be a major step towards that goal. create real transportation choice. Voters are looking for real answers and concrete action to break our dependence on oil." In addition. American Institute of Architects. and retool the auto industry for jobs in the markets of the future. 71 percent of voters agreed that "the government should immediately put into effect new energy policies that drastically reduce greenhouse gas emissions. The Tarrance Group and Lake Research Partners recently conducted a nationwide poll of voters and found that 74 percent of those polled agreed that "the government should take the lead in promoting real estate development that conserves our natural resources. founder and VP of the Tellus Institute which researched energy and the environment. http://righg. al 05.doc. (John. CQ Testimony.

Anything other than neutrality could be perceived negatively as yet another rise in taxes.) If a part of the revenues can be diverted to worthy programs (such as public outreach efforts to increase environmental awareness). PhD and former prof @ Rutgers U. In any case. November 25.SDI 2008 22 WHAM! File Title 2NC Link Wall – Feebates – AT: Perceived As Tax Their Barnow 2 card is terrible – it says it might be perceived as a tax.doc.) Revenue neutrality can be quite important in determining public opinion about a feebate. (Steve. the effect of a feebate can be further enhanced. (In at least one recent case feebate legislation was deemed not successful because it was revenue-neutral during a period when the state was actively looking for revenue-enhancing measures1.raabassociates. http://righg. Yet. but it never once says that the people will oppose it The plan is revenue-neutral so it won’t be perceived as a tax Bernow 02. “Program Design Features for Feebate Initiative: Survey of Existing Feebate Programs”. founder and VP of the Tellus Institute which researched energy and the environment. in tough economic times state legislatures are often interested in fresh sources of revenue. . and some amount of the revenue must necessarily be used for administrative costs.org/Articles/Tellus_FeebateMemo_Nov25. it is hard to keep a feebate scheme completely revenue-neutral from year to year without adjusting the rate structure constantly to take into account the composition of the new vehicle fleet.

SDI 2008 23 WHAM! File Title 2NC Link Wall – Cellulosic Ethanol Extend 1NC Link – Our Young 6/24 evidence says that energy policies will be popular because A) it is tied in to both the economy and the environment – both issues the voters care about and B) a majority of voters think it’s the top issue priority because of ending oil dependence Alternate energy is massively popular with public – new polls prove Marshall E. It is only a matter of time before the public realizes that the mandate is contributing to their pain at the pump. Proponents insist that economies of scale will kick in and make ethanol more affordable as the mandated levels are ratcheted up. Roe Institute for Economic Policy Studies. including a 51-cent-per-gallon tax credit. executive vice president of BIO's Industrial & Environmental Section. Energy and Environment. More than two out of three adults (69%) would use American-made biofuels even if these fuels cost slightly more than conventional gas. . Thomas A. ethanol costs more to transport than gasoline. but this blend must be used year-round. the mandate is adding to the cost of driving—which is precisely why ethanol had to be mandated in the first place. the law requires that corn alternatives like cellulosic ethanol be used as well. 6/11/08 The American public believes the time is now to reduce energy usage and reduce the impacts of climate change. without which ethanol would be even costlier. but there is no sign of that actually happening. 71 percent of voters agreed that "the government should immediately put into effect new energy policies that drastically reduce greenhouse gas emissions. The Heritage Foundation [Ben. Cellulosic ethanol—made from certain grasses. or crop waste—is currently far more expensive than even corn ethanol. Over the longer term. Congressman have realized the negative impacts of Ethanol and will protect their constituents Lieberman 4/2/08 Senior Policy Analyst. CQ Testimony. 82 percent of adults say national and state governments should provide financial incentives to biofuels producers to encourage the production and availability of biofuels. According to a survey conducted in October by Harris Interactive([R]) on behalf of BIO. http://www." said Brent Erickson. The AAA calculates that ethanol has recently cost 20 to 30 cents per gallon more than regular gasoline. including the lower fuel economy from ethanol-blended fuel. American Institute of Architects. but reality is beginning to hit home. wood. Lexis The Biotechnology Industry Organization (BIO) today urged the Senate Energy and Natural Resources Committee to commit to significantly reducing the cost of ethanol from cellulose by helping fund research and incentives for commercialization. The Senate Energy and Natural Resources Committee's Biofuels Transportation Conference today is examining the research and infrastructure development needed to bring new biofuels to market." Erickson continued. The Tarrance Group and Lake Research Partners recently conducted a nationwide poll of voters and found that 74 percent of those polled agreed that "the government should take the lead in promoting real estate development that conserves our natural resources.org/Research/energyandenvironment/wm1879. Eventually. adults (80%) agree that national and state governments are not doing enough to promote production of biofuels . The public may have mistakenly assumed that ethanol is cheaper than gasoline. Further.heritage. "There is great public support for doing more to make biofuels a realistic replacement for gasoline in the near future.S. The opposite is more likely. Members of Congress—at least those outside of the 10 or so Midwestern states where much of the corn and ethanol production is concentrated—will realize that the mandate is a lousy deal for their constituents. Purnell President. For example. at both laboratory and commercial-scale facilities. four in five U." In addition.[1] And that does not take into account the heavy taxpayer subsidies.fuels made from agricultural crops or plant matter.cfm] The anger over high gasoline prices was the main impetus behind the 2005 and 2007 energy bills and their successively higher ethanol mandates. Ethanol is also more expensive to use in the summer: It contributes to smog and in several markets can be used only with a costlier base blend that compensates for this shortcoming. Cellulosic Ethanol is popular with the public Business Wire 7 BIO Calls for Federal Investment in Ethanol from Cellulose. The media are belatedly picking up on this point." The American public supports conserving our precious resources. and the expanding mandates necessitate usage well outside of its Midwestern home base. Time for Second Thoughts on the Ethanol Mandate. "We are going to miss a big opportunity to bring biofuels to the pump within the next few years if we do not fund the necessary research into applied fundamentals. and believes that it is in the best interests of our nation and the world to reduce our reliance on fossil fuel produced energy and move towards a sustainable future. Reducing energy use in our nation's homes would be a major step towards that goal. When everything is taken into account. and they may want to do something about it.

and believes that it is in the best interests of our nation and the world to reduce our reliance on fossil fuel produced energy and move towards a sustainable future.SDI 2008 24 WHAM! File Title 2NC Link Wall – Tradeable Permits Extend 1NC Link – Our Young 6/24 evidence says that energy policies will be popular because A) it is tied in to both the economy and the environment – both issues the voters care about and B) a majority of voters think it’s the top issue priority because of ending oil dependence Alternate energy is massively popular with public – new polls prove Marshall E. 71 percent of voters agreed that "the government should immediately put into effect new energy policies that drastically reduce greenhouse gas emissions. Purnell President. ( ) Even if tradable permits are normally unpopular. CQ Testimony. American Institute of Architects." In addition. 6/11/08 The American public believes the time is now to reduce energy usage and reduce the impacts of climate change." The American public supports conserving our precious resources.( p. The Tarrance Group and Lake Research Partners recently conducted a nationwide poll of voters and found that 74 percent of those polled agreed that "the government should take the lead in promoting real estate development that conserves our natural resources. the inclusion of grandfathering build political support Center for Clean Air Policy 99 . Reducing energy use in our nation's homes would be a major step towards that goal.21 of TP Shared Negative Addendum) .

immigration. we're not going to have a problem getting excitement out of our base. said the McCain campaign has bungled its rapprochement with the religious right. voter education and voter turnout. McCain a week ago in Cincinnati. the campaign has a 1. McCain advisers believe religious-right voters will come around in November. But they warn that softening the appeal to religiously conservative voters to gain moderate support is not a winning strategy. "we met with all the leadership by 1986. Popma dismissed Mr. Bush is.SDI 2008 25 WHAM! File Title 2NC Link Wall – Tradeable Permits ( ) Plan will cause McCain to win: ( ) Plan is popular with Evangelicals – Nothstine 6/18 (p. "Our people are flat. who heads the McCain campaign's religious-outreach effort. could be fatal to Mr. same-sex marriage." Doug Wead. According to the survey. McCain in churches and communities.and that of influential Ohio pastor Rod Parsley ." Mr. "Barack Obama can do everything he wants to meet with evangelical leaders. Ms. Bush. It was in the bag. McCain has sought to mend fences damaged in the 2000 presidential campaign. "McCain is in grave danger right now of causing a good number of potential supporters to just stay home in resignation. But diminished turnout in the group. which the Illinois Democrat highlighted last week on a tour touting values such as patriotism. "The fact is." said Deal Hudson. Graham. They don't seem interested. Phil Burress of the Ohio Christian Alliance. said that while the Arizona senator is not as openly expressive of his faith as Mr. "He can do everything he wants. to have them unused is just deadly for the Republican Party in three areas: voter registration. Burress said. McCain's moderates can't beat Obama's adoring groupies. . In recent weeks." she said. who headed Christian outreach efforts for former President George Bush in 1988.000-person e-mail list of social conservative and national leaders with influence in local communities. home schooling and the appointment of judges is a strong selling point to social conservatives. "They know he's not part of them. But a recent national survey by the Pew Forum on Religion & Public Life indicates a shift away from the GOP. it has created nine-member Christian-outreach teams in 14 battleground states and arranged the visit with Mr. Wead said the problem is not that evangelicals will flock to Mr. he's going to have a hard time selling himself. Simmons said. half of evangelicals now align themselves with Republicans.6 of TP Shared Negative Addendum) ( ) Evangelicals key to the election – there’s still time but McCain must rev them up Dallas Morning News. McCain. "we have to do a far better job appealing to independents and Democratic voters while still maintaining that base. Some social conservatives warn that the appeal to moderate swing voters will jeopardize already lukewarm support from evangelicals.in a political dustup over remarks they'd made about Catholics and Muslims. Ms. It is scheduling private meetings with local evangelical leaders. 62 percent of white evangelicals said they leaned Republican. Given that change. Obama but that they won't work actively for Mr. For the elder Mr. Bush did. and to take them out. "Normally." Others say there is still time. McCain said the Arizona Republican doesn't understand evangelicals the way Mr." she said. I have to believe that most of that is a shell game. beginning with the session in Ohio." Mr. Bush's campaign. a conservative Catholic leader and McCain supporter. Mr. as religious conservatives have been instrumental to Republican victories for a generation. Marlys Popma." he said." The McCain campaign says it is committed to making evangelicals part of a winning coalition." the supporter said. McCain pursued the endorsement of San Antonio megachurch pastor John Hagee." Mr. in which he labeled some religious leaders "agents of intolerance. said evangelical leaders urged him to pick a social-conservative running mate and to talk more openly about issues they care about. "We need something from Senator McCain to help rev up our people. especially abortion and gay marriage." But campaign stumbles have hampered efforts to corral evangelicals. and almost 80 percent voted for Mr. AIDS and poverty. That's the group that Mr. One supporter close to Mr. 7/6/08 It's a risky move. only to reject it . Obama's active appeal to moderate evangelicals. McCain's pitch to evangelicals goes beyond the religious right and to moderates whose faith- based agenda also includes climate change. but if they don't agree with him on issues." Shifting from GOP In 2004. The campaign's internal polls suggest that the Arizona Republican has a 60 percent margin of support among evangelicals over Mr. "It's a priceless infrastructure that is built in with volunteers and paid staff. "The more they see the good stuff about John McCain and then compare him to Barack Obama. In addition. Obama was targeting with a faith-based message Tuesday in Ohio. Voting against Obama Even Mr. his record on abortion." he said. you have to have it done two years in advance." said East Texas evangelist Rick Scarborough. home of a massive voter turnout effort among evangelicals by the Bush campaign four years ago. though. "Some of the TV ministries have mailing lists the size of the NRA. Obama. particularly in close states. "It's like he's observing them as if they are Martians. faith and service. who met privately with Mr.

(Read Unpopular – Generic) .SDI 2008 26 WHAM! File Title 2NC Link Wall – Tradeable Permits – AT: Energy Prices Link Turn Their Nothstine 6/18 card never once gives a warrant to why public would not like the plan. just that congress doesn’t want to raise prices Prefer our Young 6/24 Link evidence saying that voters will actually perceive alternate energy as an end to oil dependence and will therefore like it.

Taylor 7/1/06. Proquest) The 'clear' in nuclear power ATK's foray into nuclear energy comes at an opportune time. . Tribune Business News ’08 (9 Jul. CEO of World Wildlife Fund Australia. Alliant Techsystems is set to become a key player”." reported the Australian. Global warming concerns have made nuclear power popular. Reducing energy use in our nation's homes would be a major step towards that goal.heartland. James M. 6/11/08 The American public believes the time is now to reduce energy usage and reduce the impacts of climate change. CQ Testimony. Changing Position? While Bourne continues to argue Australia has alternative renewable power sources that make new nuclear power plants in the nation unnecessary. Environmental activists are pushing nuclear power. Dee DePass.SDI 2008 27 WHAM! File Title 2NC Link Wall – Nuke Power Extend 1NC Link – Our Young 6/24 evidence says that energy policies will be popular because A) it is tied in to both the economy and the environment – both issues the voters care about and B) a majority of voters think it’s the top issue priority because of ending oil dependence Alternate energy is massively popular with public – new polls prove Marshall E. 71 percent of voters agreed that "the government should immediately put into effect new energy policies that drastically reduce greenhouse gas emissions. he apparently believes global warming concerns mean an increase in nuclear power production must be considered in the world energy market as a whole. The Tarrance Group and Lake Research Partners recently conducted a nationwide poll of voters and found that 74 percent of those polled agreed that "the government should take the lead in promoting real estate development that conserves our natural resources. Bourne has set out to convince other WWF officials to support increasing the use of nuclear power. According to the May 9 Australian. After accidents at Chernobyl and Three Mile Island put nuclear power in the hot seat. Purnell President. American Institute of Architects. and believes that it is in the best interests of our nation and the world to reduce our reliance on fossil fuel produced energy and move towards a sustainable future. Financial and Political reporter for the Tribune Business News. the idea of nuclear's carbon- neutral energy production has found favor again amid worries about global warming.z. http://www. “An enriched opportunity for Alliant: As the appeal of nuclear power grows.cfm?artId=19337&CFID=5925006&CFTOKEN=69480619 Greg Bourne.org/Article. “WWF Australia Joins Pro-Nuclear Camp” o. "The outspoken chief of environment group WWF Australia has gone to London to lobby the international organization to overturn its anti-nuclear stance." The American public supports conserving our precious resources. AB." In addition. appears to have joined a growing list of prominent environmental activists who support increased use of nuclear power.

tk. Purnell President.SDI 2008 28 WHAM! File Title 2NC Link Wall – Nuke Power – AT: Yucca/Waste Link Turn ( ) Extend 1NC Link – Our Young 6/24 evidence says that energy policies will be popular because A) it is tied in to both the economy and the environment – both issues the voters care about and B) a majority of voters think it’s the top issue priority because of ending oil dependence. the idea of nuclear's carbon- neutral energy production has found favor again amid worries about global warming. Gone are the days when lawmakers questioned the safety of reactor technology. American Institute of Architects." In addition." The American public supports conserving our precious resources. 6/11/08 The American public believes the time is now to reduce energy usage and reduce the impacts of climate change. Proquest) The 'clear' in nuclear power ATK's foray into nuclear energy comes at an opportune time. expansion of nuclear power was viewed as an opportunity. Financial and Political reporter for the Tribune Business News. McClatchy Newspapers. The Tarrance Group and Lake Research Partners recently conducted a nationwide poll of voters and found that 74 percent of those polled agreed that "the government should take the lead in promoting real estate development that conserves our natural resources. Even among those for whom waste is an issue. At a House Science and Technology Committee hearing Wednesday. . staff writer. AB. there is a high comfort level with storing used fuel in dry casks for decades at the reactor sites while a more comprehensive solution is studied Global warming concerns have made nuclear power popular Tribune Business News ’08 (9 Jul. After accidents at Chernobyl and Three Mile Island put nuclear power in the hot seat. “An enriched opportunity for Alliant: As the appeal of nuclear power grows. Alliant Techsystems is set to become a key player”. Lexis. Waste storage facility won’t be built until WAY AFTER the election only the immediate action will be perceive – it is massively popular with public – new polls prove Marshall E. CQ Testimony. 71 percent of voters agreed that "the government should immediately put into effect new energy policies that drastically reduce greenhouse gas emissions. Dee DePass. and believes that it is in the best interests of our nation and the world to reduce our reliance on fossil fuel produced energy and move towards a sustainable future. Both parties support dry cask storage Whitney ’08. Reducing energy use in our nation's homes would be a major step towards that goal.

policymakers can chart a new course for America’s energy future by enhancing domestic energy resilience. and expand and modernize energy infrastructure. and Treasury. and expanding the use of nuclear power.Independents are more dynamic to winning electoral points then presuading large numbers of apthetic voters . .” Tom Donohue and General James L. transforming the transportation sector including greater use of alternative and renewable fuels. industries. “The solutions to our energy challenges must begin with commonsense energy principles upon which a comprehensive. America’s leaders must come together in support of a sensible long-term approach that promotes economic growth at home and strengthens our national security. former members of Congress. Their collective public service spans over 300 years.).” The bipartisan group of 27 signatories include former secretaries of Energy. and more than two dozen former senior executive and legislative branch leaders as well as industry officials urged America’s future political leadership to expand the nation’s supply of affordable fuel and power from traditional and alternative sources. bolster energy efficiency. “How we solve our energy challenges will define who we are as a nation in the 21st century. The signatories are united in their views that energy is one of the most significant economic and national security challenges of this century. coherent energy policy can be based. The pillars call for addressing critical shortages in scientists and engineers through education and training programs. The open letter advocates for reducing the environmental impact of energy use and increasing investments in climate change research. and technologies. Defense. Jones. coal.S. By committing to the Institute’s 13 pillars. and creating new American jobs. the U. and visa policies.” said Tom Donohue.Does not function as a link turn because it doesn’t say republicans care either way about the global warming issue. Chamber’s President and CEO.Independents are key to winning 4 major swing states McCain cant win without them . and renewable energy as well as new domestic exploration and production of oil and natural gas.” General Jones said. and enable advancements in technology and infrastructure. president and CEO of the Institute for 21st Century Energy. only that “republicans lack attention to global warming” and the card doesn’t imply this will lead to a lose in the elections ( ) The un-underlined section of the card specifies GOP base against the Carbon Tax not alternative energy as a whole ( ) Alternative Energy is more Bi-partisan than Larry Craig The FINANCIAL – 17/07/2008 “Chamber’s Energy Institute Announces New Policy Platform with Broad Bipartisan Support” (DS) http://finchannel.” The pillars encompass efforts to increase energy supplies.Gop base isnt Key to winning the election But independents and Environmentalists are for Three Reasons . “With a challenge as great and urgent as securing our energy future. USMC (Ret.” said General Jones. the open letter shows that this is America’s opportunity to demonstrate leadership in innovation and solve what is a global challenge. In addition to these pillars. and national security experts. The 13 energy principles outlined in the open letter include accelerating energy efficiency across all sectors.McCain is Already losing the those swing states ( ) Green wire 07 . modernizing and expanding energy infrastructure. the open letter highlights the need for unprecedented bipartisan political leadership. State.SDI 2008 29 WHAM! File Title 2NC AT: GOP Base Link Turn ( ) Extend the Cillizia 08 evidence . Above all. address growing demand. incentives.com/index. “Our nation’s dependence on foreign oil poses unprecedented challenges to our economic prosperity and national security. preserving the environment.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=16987&Itemid=13 “We are long overdue for energy solutions that will keep our nation on track and our economy strong. Commerce. “We are crafting ideas and building support to help our elected officials move forward in a constructive way.

supported cutting demand by boosting fuel-efficiency standards. 48]. Repealing Environmental Protection Agency limits on the sulfur content in diesel fuel would increase fuel supplies. Playing both ends against middle Presidential candidates are aiming for pleasing the political middle. Republicans argue that drilling in coastal waters. energy analysts say. Lawmakers know they must offer fixes.With consumers fuming over the high cost of gasoline. Voters want anything that might work. ( ) Turn . only a marriage of the two approaches will work. a GreenbergQuinlan poll for the League of Conservation Voters after the 2006 elections showed huge numbers of independents voting to change the leadership of Congress because they were dissatisfied with GOP leadership on the energy issues that are so critical in the debate over addressing global warming. "There is a choice that is before folks." said Hari Sevugan. Democrats counter that alternative-energy development will free consumers from fossil-fuel captivity. This data and a follow-up survey suggest that this tendency will be even more pronounced in the 2008 elections. Marilyn Musgrave of Fort Morgan have held news conferences at gas stations. But that's politically difficult. a spokesman in Democrat Barack Obama's presidential campaign." In the last month. is that neither solution will cut prices right now. with pollsters for both sides saying voters list fuel costs as a top concern. "The parties have a lot of incentive not to solve the problem and blame the other side. Democratic Reps. 6/24/08 (Dennis. High gas prices have started to prompt less driving. "Unhappy voters are the voters people think can be swayed. or do we want leadership that's fighting for us on this?" . said John Kilduff. an Aspen-based energy economist. Democratic strategists suggest giving solutions that include cracking down on oil speculators and pushing gas alternatives. 10/20/07 As was indicated in the story on the energy bill in that same National Journal issue ["Fizzling Out?" p.Alternate energy incentives cause GOP win co-opts criticism. Republicans and Democrats each want to prove they alone offer the path to lower pump prices. Alaska and the Rocky Mountain West will boost oil supplies. 60 percent backed encouraging domestic drilling. 59 percent. They also advise blaming President Bush. In a Zogby International poll this month asking what government actions people favored to lower fuel costs. Irish Times EU Correspondent. said Philip Verleger. analysts said.SDI 2008 30 WHAM! File Title 2NC AT: GOP Base Link Turn ( ) GOP must strengthen credentials on energy and environment to avoid election defeat National Journal. The problem. and 54 percent endorsed the use of alternative fuels such as ethanol and biodiesel." said Julian Zelizer. "Do we want leadership that's been tied to the folks making money from (high gas prices). The survey did not ask people to pick one option over another. lexis) WASHINGTON . Mark Udall of Eldorado Springs and Ed Perlmutter of Golden and Republican Rep. Even over the long term. steals a key issue and inaction hurts incumbent party Staunton. however. political- science professor at Princeton University and author of several books on Congress. And neither party will agree to a wedding in an election year with the Oval Office at stake. Almost as many. There are no clear-cut solutions. Oil would need to hit $150 to $200 a barrel and stay there before private investment moves heavily into alternative fuels and transportation. but they're still too low to force rapid change. Political advisers are coaching Republicans to talk about more drilling and renewable energy. energy analyst at MF Global in New York.

( ) Energy is THE key voting issue in the election Financial Times. The crude oil target is $20 more than what I had predicted at the first of the year. our No. energy independence and global warming trailed only health care as America's most important domestic challenge. Wisconsin. in the long term. Proquest.-bound delivery. ( ) Energy policy is the critical election issue Morris. Desert Sun) “With energy development rapidly becoming the presidential campaign's critical issue. Both cards Claim Independents are Key to winning the critical Swing states of Michigan. Beschloss.” . 19. when Canada demanded a release from the U. is carrying global warming from the sleeper issue it was in the 2006 midterm elections to a defining campaign talking point. Energy has soared towards the top of the election agenda as petrol prices have topped $4 a gallon for the first time. a political scientist at the University of Virginia. the OPEC chief minister predicted crude oil per barrel to rise to $170 later this summer. we have to find alternatives. before shipment over the border. Our neighbors to the north are worried the "climactic change prevention" lobby will convince the Democratic president. 4 presidential election will also determine the nature of America's approach to energy survival for years to come. fanned in large part by college students. Prefer our evidence which specifically cites that 51% percent of Voters will decide the next president based of his environmental platform ( ) Extend the Cillizia 08 and their own Perce 08 evidence. according to Democratic pollster Stan Greenberg. We are told that the Canadians are already contemplating alternative delivery targets in case Barack Obama is elected. which had earmarked a substantial segment of the tar sand-derived oil." says Larry Sabato. along with $125 per barrel by Memorial Day. and Minnesota.according to a recent poll by the Pew Research Centre. E: the Environmental Magazine Vol. Three in four voters say the issue will be "very important" in determining their vote .S. gasoline could rise to $6 per gallon. In May. pg. in alignment with the "greens" is sending tremors throughout Canada. we control the Link debate because Independents will decide the electoral college ( ) Energy independence and fossil fuel emissions are the key election issues Belli. respondents favoured Mr Obama over Mr McCain by 18 percentage points. Asked who they trusted most to handle the energy issue. energy shortage. Colorado. Managing Editor of E 2008 (Brita. 6/23 (Andrew Ward. "We need to exploit all the oil we have but. But he also favours Barack Obama's proposal to levy a windfall profit tax on oil companies and invest the proceeds in renewable fuels. “Energy Concerns could swing Ohio Result”. making up an increasingly significant part of shipments from Canada. journalist for the Financial Times.S. With Canada providing the single-most source of supply to alleviate the U. somehow things will get better. a halt to such deliveries would prove catastrophic. The Obama campaign's position to forego drilling. if elected.S. there are several happenings bringing the collision between the environmentalist partisans and the "Energy Now" protagonists to a rapid showdown. “Energy Policy Hinges on Election”. Iss. the only issue appearing more than global warming in campaign ads was the Iraq war. Even If they win Envrionmental issues are not important to the average voter." says Mr Daley. 1 energy supplier. He also added that U. Defense Department. Mr Daley supports Mr McCain's plan to lift the ban on fresh offshore oil and gas drilling around the US coast. I had predicted this a month ago. It's becoming increasingly clearer that the winner of the Nov. "Voters are making the simple conclusion that if you change the party in the White House. 2008 (R. to issue an executive order to prevent oil derived from tar sands to be cut off from further U.outranking taxes. terrorism and the Iraq war .S.SDI 2008 31 WHAM! File Title 2NC AT: Environment Not Key To Elections ( ) Extend Our Young 08 evidence – Voters Care not only about the environment because it decreases our dependency on foreign oil but also because it interconnects to economic issues. This is due to the high level of CO2 and greenhouse gases released by this all important energy component. And by last October. Thursday morning. 2 proquest) And the momentum. 6) Describing himself as an undecided independent.

the environment is politicized across party lines. He faced protesters and chants of offshore no more today outside a town-hall-style appearance in Santa Barbara.000 adults across the US were recently surveyed in the new Earthsense Eco-Insights Survey that profiles attitudes about global and national issues. The issue is particularly salient among Democrats. He's a national co-chair for McCain's campaign. green products. candidates. Recognizing that energy is a key issue for voters. Nine out of 10 Americans identify energy policy as very or extremely important in deciding their presidential vote in November. especially likely John Edwards and Bill Richardson voters. lexis) BARACK OBAMA and John McCain have clashed over energy policy. Energy is the key issue – GOP must address NPR. . ( ) Extend our Young 6/24 evidence that say that energy is the key issue with 51% voters because people want to break their addiction to oil especially now . Even if the candidates were similar. Environment and energy are key issues – determine swing votes PR Newswire. Over 30.it's no surprise that people plan to take the planet into consideration when choosing their president. One of them is Republican governor Tim Pawlenty of Minnesota. Concern about energy prices and the environment resonates with more than half of all voters who indicate that it will have an extremely or strong impact on their vote in the upcoming presidential primaries. accusing one another of pandering to voters as rising fuel prices have become a leading issue in the American election. the importance of the issue for Republican voters lags by comparison. McCain has enlisted some top supporters to help sell his proposals. a ban he once supported. McCain faced tough questions about his proposal to build more nuclear power plants and his call to end the federal moratorium on offshore drilling. Inside.even BP and WalMart are in the act -. 11/7/07 With everyone paying attention to environmental issues -. eco-friendly companies and purchase intent. and he's often mentioned as a possible running mate. 6/24 (Dennis. promoting his proposals for greater energy independence. after the plan McCain will be credited when Bush passes the plan and this will differentiate the two candidates. Swing voters place a level of importance on the issue more similar to registered Democrats whose voting intentions are more firm. McCain has spent the past two days in California. More so than most other issues. making it the top election issue. Energy policy determines election Staunton. 6/24/08 GOP Must Address Climate Change Energy policy has been fueling the debate between Barack Obama and John McCain this week. Irish Times EU Correspondent. not Obama and McCain.SDI 2008 32 WHAM! File Title 2NC AT: Economy Key To Elections ( ) Their National Journal 07 evidence says that in the primaries the party candidates were very similar on energy and climate change. along with the economy.

Latino voters prove that McCain is tied to Bush Marcela Sanchez. The poll said 61 percent linked McCain to President George W.SDI 2008 33 WHAM! File Title 2NC AT: McCain Is Not Coattailed To Bush Extend our Farmar 08 evidence that Bush’s popularity is the only way for McCain to win and that McCain can’t distance himself from Bush. Latinos. http://www.the national economy. Washington Post staff writer. 7/16/08 Obama leads McCain in polls. Burger. and while that might have been a plus in the past -. Bush's economic policies. It warrants that bush is toxic to his party and that McCain is currently tied hand and feet to Bush Public opinion believes McCain is tied to Bush’s policy Timothy J. will make it hard for McCain to win those Latino votes. well above the 4. According to the Pew Hispanic Center.7 percent rate for all non-Hispanics. is disproportionately affecting Latinos.com/articles/2008/07/16/news/elections/354234.Bush's conservative social agenda attracted Latinos at historic levels in 2004 -. have apparently had little difficulty switching loyalties now that Obama has sealed the nomination. Obama the lead. and 78 percent linked McCain to Bush's Iraq policy. Unemployment. Hispanic unemployment rose to 6. Bloomberg News staff writer. among registered voters. 7/18/08 Latino Woes Curtail McCain's Wooing. Each has slipped 3 points since last month.5 percent in the first quarter of 2008. McCain linked to Bush's policies.html For months now.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2008/07/17/AR2008071701464. polls have shown that Latinos are favoring Barack Obama over McCain by margins of 2- 1 or better. and particularly the state of jobs and housing.rep-am.txt A CBS News/New York Times poll gave Illinois Sen. 45 percent to McCain's 39 percent. for example. . McCain is saddled with his association with President Bush. It has a sampling error of plus or minus 6 percentage points. who largely favored Hillary Clinton during the primaries. http://www.

SDI 2008 34 WHAM! File Title ***Impact*** .

power projection. terrorism. proliferation. . and economy because it helps the US pursue it’s most important foreign policy objectives abroad including regulations of trade and shipping routes.SDI 2008 35 WHAM! File Title 2NC AT: LOST Impact Takeouts ( ) Group 2AC numbers___on the impact debate ( ) Extend 1NC Watkins ‘7 saying LOST is key to solve for leadership.

S. military depends upon freedom of movement on the high seas so that our navy can have right of passage. The Convention guarantees that freedom.SDI 2008 36 WHAM! File Title 2NC AT: LOST Kills Economy/Power Projection ( ) Extend Watkins ‘7 saying LOST solves economy and power projection ( ) US Ratification Key to Economy – eez. which we have long expected would be subject to international regulations. 9/27/07 (Jim. This also helps America -.com/apps/pbcs. FNS) Our economic interests are advanced in numerous ways. indystar. by setting clear rules for laying of undersea cables. which are an essential component of the telecommunications infrastructure. continental shelf. First. by providing the means for international recognition of our sizeable continental shelf.avert conflict.indystar. in which the United States has sovereign control over the resources -. doing away with burdensome and varying rules from coastal nations. and ensuring that we need not seek a permission slip to pass through territorial seas. 8/27/07 (Lee.whether living or nonliving. particularly off the coast of Alaska where we can export mineral resources. ( ) US Ratification Key to Heg-prefer our evidence because it explains how LOST’s beneficial provisions are more important the negative ones Hamilton.dll/article?AID=/20070827/OPINION/708270327/-1/LOCAL17) The arguments in favor of ratification are overwhelming. and so we can transport military forces and equipment.and the world -.com. Director Woodrow Wilson Int’l Center and Former Representative. including by codifying our right to an exclusive economic zone out to 200 nautical miles. telecomm and seabed mining- prefer our evidence because it is more comparative and points out how the advantages outweigh the disadvantages of LOST Webb. by establishing an international framework for deep seabed mining in areas outside of national jurisdictions. the treaty is critical to our national security. . Senator. http://www. The U.

after the Convention has been in force for thirteen years. without the participation of a U. in fora outside the Convention. Dep Sec State. Moreover. Recommendations made in that body could well create precedents. For example. shelf. its provisions are now being actively applied.are sitting on the sidelines. There are compelling reasons why we need to accede to the Convention now. commissioner. The Convention's institutions are up and running. on the future outer limit of the U.S. interpreted. rampant proliferation. the provisions of the Convention are also being actively applied. 9/28/07 (John. and developed. State Department Documents and Publications) WE NEED TO JOIN NOW. and a lack of port security .S.S. interests than should be the case for our country. economy collapse. Although the first several years of the Convention's life were fairly quiet. Our position as a non-Party puts us in a far weaker position to advance U. Some may ask why.SDI 2008 37 WHAM! File Title 2NC AT: LOST Empirically False ( ) Its Not Empirically False – Ratification Now is Key because the treaty is finally becoming active Negroponte. positive and negative. We need to be on the inside to protect our interests.the country with the most to gain and lose on law of the sea issues -. the Commission on the Limits of the Continental Shelf (which is the technical body charged with addressing the continental shelf beyond 200 nautical miles) has received nine submissions and has made recommendations on two of them. there is an urgent need to join. ( ) Without ratification we face the imminent threats of Hegemony collapse. and we -.

for an international agency to control the oceans. not only to 200 nautical miles off our coasts. LOST Directly Repudiates World Government. it is a direct repudiation of radical claims. foreign policy is that a subsequent act of Congress can override a prior international agreement. constitution checks . the United States is free to withdraw from the convention. President George Washington regarded the Jay Treaty with Great Britain as the most important achievement of his administration. congress checks .S. the convention is a triumph for both national sovereign rights and free market principles. in a way. To deny the U. which. The United States does not give up an ounce of sovereignty in this convention. 9/22) Myth: The convention is an effort by the radical left to move toward world government.ISA Inevitable US Ratification not key . a denigration of law. . 9/22) Myths Concerning National Sovereignty Myth: The United States is giving up sovereignty to a new international authority that will control the oceans. urged by some.S. leaving it with few options short of expending the lives of its armed forces to establish and enforce national rights. As such. one of the most important sovereign rights is the legal ability of states to enter into agreements. and this was necessary to establish the exclusive property rights needed by mining firms for minerals otherwise owned by no nation. Journal Int’l Affairs." Also. but to abroad continental margin in many areas even beyond that. has existed for a decade and will continue to exist regardless of U. The deep seabed is not only an area in which the United States has no sovereignty. In fact.ISA Only has jurisdiction over mineral resources in deep seabed – not the water column . At the same time. Nothing could be further from the truth. ’05 (John Norton. when the contrary is the case. the convention solidifies a massive increase in resource and economic jurisdiction for the United States. ’05 (John Norton. but one on which the United States and the entire world have consistently opposed extension of national sovereignty claims. No one would accept a loss of U. Expands Sovereignty and Is Crucial to Free Market Principles and Property Rights Moore. sovereignty. Prof Nat’l Security Law. deals solely with mineral resources of the deep seabed beyond national jurisdiction--it has nothing to do with the water column above the seabed.US Ratification Massively Expands US Sovereign Jurisdiction Moore. Journal Int’l Affairs. adopts free-market principles as its core and is itself a rejection of the "New International Economic Order.US Has Already Rejected Claim of Sovereignty over Deep Sea Bed . Constitution. 9/22) Arguments against the convention are. critics fail to mention that because of its sovereignty. they seem to indicate that any international agreement is an unwelcome infringement of U.S. freedom of action cannot be lost through international agreements.SDI 2008 38 WHAM! File Title 2NC AT: LOST Bad – Sovereignty ( ) LOST Ratification key to prevent perpetual unilateral use of force – their sovereignty arguments are backwards – 4 reasons . the ISA. One widely-accepted precept of U. while protecting national sovereign rights in freedom of navigation for all nations. Rather.S. The new International Seabed Authority (ISA) created by this convention. as noted. We Straight Turn Your Sovereignty Claims – 4 Reasons . government the right to enter into agreements with other nations would deprive it of one of its most fundamental rights. sovereignty. the negotiations resisted any effort to stray into arms control as urged by some. In reality. withdrawal procedures check Moore.S. just as individual citizens in the United States have the right to agree to contracts with one another. actions. it is only children and the mentally incompetent who have no right to contract. Prof Nat’l Security Law. Prof Nat’l Security Law. The reality is the opposite! The convention includes a massive extension of national sovereign rights over the most important oceans resources. Further. ’05 (John Norton. Journal Int’l Affairs. It should also be understood that under the U. international agreements are vital to sovereignty . as noted.S. Further. Only seabed mineral resources beyond a broadly extended area of coastal state jurisdiction are placed under the limited control of an international authority. as renegotiated. including fish stocks and oil and gas.

renders uncertain the pace of further progress through the transition.lion fewerthan the same UN demographers had projected for 2025 just a decade earlier. contracep. Nearly 1.50Yet.000 women perish annually from largely preventable pregnancy-related causes.graphic transition. But it is also nearly 600 mil. 2003. but also on the future of global security. however. Growth of global pop.SDI 2008 39 WHAM! File Title 2NC AT: No Overpopulation Solvency ( ) Extend the 1NC San Gabriel Valley ‘5 saying that repealing GGR will decrease overpopulation ( ) Increased support for family planning is key to lock in peak population Richard Cincotta et al.49 Can the world change course? According to demographers. 41 POLICY PRESCRIPTION In recent decades the world as a whole has moved fairly rapidly through the early and middle stages of the demo. Average family size is now a bit more than half of what it was in the early 1960s. in recent years—and at an inopportune time. including about 70. The future could see a continuation of today’s impressive declines in fertility and childhood mortality.ulation is decelerating more dramatically than was anticipated even in the mid-1990s. the most widely consulted demographic accountant on these matters. however.room and women into the workplace are major reasons for this progress. Population Action International. not only on demographic prospects. has set its 2002 medium variant projection—the one the division deems most predictive—at 7. Waning international support for family planning services.tions.tives and counseling is growing.thirds. 40 Support for international family planning efforts has waned. more than a third remains in the early and middle phases. The Security Demographic.000 deaths from unsafe abor. If the relationships between the demographic transition and conflict seen in the post-Cold War years hold in the coming decades. . the growth rate of population would be slower still if not for the fact that an estimated 38 percent of all pregnancies worldwide—some 80 million annually—are either unintended at the time or unwanted at any time. Policies and investments that improved family planning and related reproductive health services and brought more girls into the class.productive years.lion people in 2025. Senior Research Associate. While one-third of the world’s countries have made their way fully through the transition. and a reversal in the hiv/aidspandemic—but only if policymakers support and fund the policies and programs that make such change possible. most of them unaware of the risks and responsibilities of sex and reproduction. Three million people die each year from aids. around 515. p. Senior Research Associate. 2003. p. The United Nations Population Division. it already has. decisions made today that affect funding that facilitates this momentous transition could have an enormous influence. Population Action International.9 bil.1 billion young people aged 15 to 19 are entering their re. ( ) Increased family planning assistance can secure stable population size—Its not too late to solve Richard Cincotta et al.51 The global demographic transition is still far from complete. The Security Demographic.5 billion more people than today. and infant mortality has declined by two. And still. That’s about 1.48The need for more and better quality reproductive health care.

If McCain becomes the most powerful man in the world it would be wise to know what lies behind his public mask. editor of the Neocon Another close McCain adviser is former bible the Weekly Standard. McCain laughed and . very different side to John McCain. John McCain is an American hero in an age of war and terrorism. It states that he is still keeping all his options on the table and refuses to consider direct talks ( ) Their Hayes 08 card is terrible all it says is that McCain’s position is to “basically” engage in some type of diplomacy ( ) Their O’Donnell card concedes that McCain is against peaceful visitations and that he is concerned that if he does diplomacy it will make the US and Iran seem like equals. one man asked him about the 'real problem' in the Middle East. in Panama. Maryland. attended the elite United States Naval Academy in Annapolis. That warlike spirit was on full display in Denver when McCain's speech was interrupted repeatedly by anti-war protesters. It was just over a year ago. to look at the dark side of John McCain. No surrender. carrying out countless missions. The Republican candidate has openly joked about bombing Tehran. or perhaps for many years beyond. Such a group of warlike counsellors has raised fears that McCain may strike Iran to stop its suspected quest for a nuclear weapon. triggering a fresh war in the Middle East.' he rasped. In a voice suddenly filled with steely resolve. and McCain faced a small crowd in one of his characteristic town hall meetings. McCain had had enough.to the tune of the Beach Boys' classic 'Barbara Ann' . 6/22/08 But there is another. But it has not turned him into a much as in his career as a senator. and Max Boot. and began his first combat duty in Vietnam in 1966. The Real McCain . CIA director James Woolsey. It is a McCain who wants to appoint extreme conservatives to the Supreme Court and see abortion banned. It is a McCain who has sided with religious and political extremists who believe Islam is evil and gays are immoral. Anyone hoping for a new president who will quickly bring America's troops home from Iraq had better look elsewhere.' But some think McCain's joke may well become policy. he still bears the scars of their tortures. bomb bomb Iran. This is the McCain whose campaign and career has been riddled with lobbyists and special interests. America's belligerent former UN ambassador. Away from the headlines and the stirring speeches. a less familiar figure lurks. 'When are we going to send an airmail message to Tehran?' the man pleaded. Then came disaster. He is the son and grandson of warriors. When it happened a third time. McCain broke from his carefully scripted speech and gripped the lectern. in the tiny borough of Murrells Inlet in South Carolina. This McCain has a notoriously volatile temper that has scared some senior members of his own party. That peacemaker. his public view is that a war with Iran is inevitable and our evidence is conclusive that McCain will be a war President ( ) Their Strobel 08 card merely states that he will call for sanctions as part of his solution and it even states that he was unsatisfied with past overtures toward Iran. at a time when most Americans desperately want the war to end. author of a new book. who has pushed for a US version of the old British Colonial Office. ( ) McCain makes attack likely due to his advisers Guardian. This time America will win. ( ) Their Slate Magazine 08 evidence that says McCain is not calling for military action is terrible.SDI 2008 40 WHAM! File Title 2NC AT: McCain Won’t Strike Iran ( ) Extend the Clemons 08 card. on 29 August 1936. 'I will never surrender in Iraq. He looked out at the audience and spoke slowly. an old soldier like McCain seems a natural choice in a dangerous world. It is a McCain who plans to fight on in Iraq for years to come and who might launch military action against Iran. 'I think a McCain presidency would be very likely to strike Iran.' The crowd cheered and chanted: 'John McCain! John McCain!' It was a perfect moment for unrepentant supporters of the Iraq invasion and a McCain who still smarts from defeat in Vietnam. Both his father and grandfather were four-star admirals. long before Tom Cruise made 'Top Guns' famous. His CV for the White House is written in his suffering as military legacy has made John McCain a legend. Bill Kristol. As McCain stood on the stage. that McCain will strike Iran because he is crazy enough to sing bomb Iran songs. They stood up.' says Cliff Schecter.began to sing: 'Bomb bomb bomb. The young. He became a navy pilot. who was executive director of the shadowy Committee for the Liberation of Iraq. He believes withdrawal would be a surrender to terrorists. nicknamed 'McNasty' by his classmates. rascally McCain. He was shot down and held prisoner for five years by brutal North Vietnamese captors. He was even born on a military base. So it is no wonder that the neoconservatives who pushed for war in Iraq have now regrouped around him. 'Our American troops will come home with victory and with honour. McCain believes in projecting American military power abroad. McCain has always supported the invasion of Iraq and he wants to support it until at least 2013. And his life story reads like a movie script. Other leading neocons on board include John Bolton. unfurling banners and shouting for a withdrawal from Iraq. McCain's main foreign policy adviser is Randy Scheunemann. who has openly advocated bombing Syria. No where in the card does it state that McCain will take the same actions as Obama. As young Americans return in bodybags from Iraq and Iranian mullahs cook up uranium. In his stiff gait and damaged arms. No retreat.

This is the same organization that I voted to condemn as a terrorist organization when a amendment was on the floor of the United States Senate. Their pet project-a war against Iran-would become a reality. Sen.org/items/200807150003?f=h_latest Foreman aired a clip of comments from a July 9 press availability in which McCain said: "It's my understanding that this missile test was conducted by the Iranian Revolutionary Guard. Whether this approach is good for the United States. is another matter.html Fifth. that is to say the small clique of misguided ideologues who have whispered advice into George W. and for stability in the world. McCain was born on a U.com/articles/Candidate-McCain--A-Risky--by-Rodrigue-Tremblay-080716-766. as well as its shunning of military options in general.the Kyl- Lieberman amendment -. if elected President. Sen. and identification with Third World problems. would stand ready to launch future gratuitous and illegal wars of aggression around the world to ensure American supremacy. Staff writer of Crosscut. They say that McCain will use diplomacy but McCain advocates diplomacy backed with the willingness to use American force Ted Van Dyk. McCain is a greater advocate of assertiveness on behalf of American interests and of diplomacy backed. The Israel Lobby. for its economy and for its reputation. and who have begun whispering into McCain's ears. They will get all the fireworks and more.S. Armed with these two "doctrines".com/politics-government/15695/Campaign+strategy+session/ On foreign policy issues. Senator Obama refused to vote. 7/15/08. This is a man who believes there is a military solution to any political problem. http://mediamatters. He would be expected to follow the neocon-inspired so-called "Bush Doctrine. indeed. McCain is a neocon candidate. would be delighted to have a militarily hawkish and neoconservative McCain in the White House. CNN again aired McCain's false suggestion that Obama opposed designating the Iranian Revolutionary Guard a terrorist group. Obama reflects his party's greater emphasis on multilateralism.SDI 2008 41 WHAM! File Title 2NC AT: McCain Won’t Strike Iran War against Iran will be likely McCain is elected Rodrigue Tremblay 7/18/08 Candidate McCain: A Risky Choice http://www. Sen.opednews. and the Neocons. in the end. Those who liked George W. McCain will use military force in Iraq to strike Iran Media Matters. For them. Foreman did not note that Obama co-sponsored a bill in 2007 that would have designated the IRG a terrorist organization. Bush's ears for years. That may explain why he is enamored with anything military. " However. military base in a foreign country (Panama)." .because it "state[d] that our military presence in Iraq should be used to counter Iran. with a willingness to use American force." He would also be expected to embrace the Neocons' imperialistic and extreme Right Wing Project for the New American Century (PNAC) that calls for American global dominance.crosscut. Nor did he note that Obama said he opposed the bill McCain referenced -. this would be a dream come true. 7/9/08 Campaign strategy session http://www. McCain. and he is the son and grandson of military career individuals. Bush will love John McCain. called it provocative. international institutions.

Probability – every scientist with a brain realizes the human population is out of control and the chance of fighting over resources is 100% because it’s human instinct.SDI 2008 42 WHAM! File Title 2NC Impact Overview – GGR ( ) DA o/w the case Magnitude – Nuke war means everyone is either dead or is at a huge risk for cancer – eventually everyone will be dead. . Disad turns case: nuke war means dust in the air – exacerbates global warming. Their advantages are extremely improbable due to the terminal defense. Timeframe – overpopulation is already occurring so WMD conflict can come literally any day now. Their advantages have to go through multiple steps to lower emissions and then change energy policies – it will take multiple years. Nuke war will kill the economy because key infrastructure will be destroyed. our impact is bigger because everyone will be affected. Plus. Compared to unlikely advantages. oil dependency will be exacerbated because the middle east will be our enemies.