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Sarah Schenirer S July 13, 1883 - Mar 1, 1935 ( rch (yartzeit 26 A Adar I)) Sarah Schenirer wa born in Kr S as rakow. From a young ag she loved m ge, d learning She attend public sc g. ded chool like m other Jew girls he most wish er age. Gir had always learned a rls about Torah f from their m mothers and n not in yeshi like their brothers. H friends w very in iva r Her were nvolved with the many new ideas lik Communism and Zion n ke nism that the felt should ey d replace old fashione Judaism. Slowly, all her friends were leaving ed g Torah life. Their pa arents and br rothers who r remained co ommitted to Torah cried when th saw this happen. Sar was diff c hey s rah ferent. She wanted to learn mor about Yid re ddishkeit. He friends an family cal er nd lled her Chassidiste beca ause she wan to keep Mitzvos and they made fun of her f being old nted d for d fashioned d. When Sa arah was 13, she had to leave school and become a seamstres because h family wa e ss her as very poor. She wrote in her diary e y:People are such perfec e ctionists whe it comes to clothing th en o heir bodies. Are they so particular wh they add A p hen dress themse lves to the n needs of their soul? r Her fathe saw how much she lov to learn and bought her sefarim written in Y er m ved Yiddish. She studied Torah every day from the Chok LYi T d e israel and th e Tzena Ur renah. One ti ime, her friends insisted she go to a youth group meeting for Jewish girls held on Sha s y m abbos. She w heartbroken was when the leaders turn on the lights. She sai the kefira and false ideas they l e ned id rah e lecture there e! While the fathers of those girls are probably studying Ge e t emara, and t mothers p the poring over a Tzenah Urenah. The and there the idea wa born in my mind: if those girls wo U en as y ould only hav a ve proper en nvironment .... She felt very shy and didnt feel s could do it . v d she o World War I W When World War I broke out, Sa W b arah Schenir had to mo to Vienn where it w safer. On rer ove na was ne Shabbos Chanukah, she went to shul and hea a speech about how C s s ard Chana and Y Yehudis save ed the Jewis people. Sh realized th her frien in Krako w would lea so much from these i sh he hat nds arn ideas. Clothes for Souls s Sarah Schenirer retur rned to Crac and over cow rcame her sh hyness. She o organized a class for tee enage girls on Shabbos afte S ernoon. Man mothers br ny rought their daughters to the class hoping that S o Sarah Shenirer could save them from th path they were on. Sh began teac t he he ching Torah and most o h, of them left Sarah decided that she needed to begin by teac t. b ching young girls. Her br rother got he an er audience with the Be elzer Rebbe in Czechoslo i ovakia who t told her Br racha VHatz zlacha In 1918, Sarah Schen nirer began a kindergarte with 25 st en tudents. The were man frum peop ere ny ple who foug her plan. The school grew and ha to move t a bigger sp ght ad to pace. She ca alled the new w school B Yaakov In 1919, Eliezer Gers Bais v. E shon Frieden nson, an Agu udah leader, decided to g get many rab bbanim to su upport the ide of a Bais Yaakov. Ba Yaakovs were neede throughou ea ais ed ut

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Poland. But where would they ge the teache When gi turned 14 or 15, Sara Schnerir s B w et ers? irls 4 ah sent them to other towns to found new Bais Yaak schools. By 1923, th were 22 Bais Yaako o t w kov here ovs with 4,49 students. Sarah Schne would vi each tow where her students founded a school 90 erir isit wn r to help th and encourage them She would teach them Torah with love and en hem m. d m nthusiasm, w with songs and plays. She spread a lov of Torah and made he students w d ve er willing to sac crifice to be in a Bais Yaa akov. In 1923, with the enc couragement of Rav Mei Shapiro the future R and Ros Yeshivah in t ier Rav sh h Lublin, Sarah Schene opened a seminary to train teach S erir o hers. Fundrai isers went al over the w ll world to collect money, and very exper t d rienced teach came to live in very poor condit hers o y tions to mak ke this semi inary a realit The stude lived wi 20 girls in a room and even share beds. ty. ents ith n d ed Sarah Schenirir also felt that it was very important to hav extra-curr w ve ricular activi ities that cou uld compete with the oth programs that made Jewish child her s J dren leave To orah. She helped found t the Bnos Agudath Israel for high sch hool girls and Basya for elementary school stude d ents. Sarah Schnerir was only fifty-two when she died on 26 A o d Adar, 5695 ( (1935). When she died, t n there were alm 300 Bais Yaakovs in Poland. Agudath Israe also opene schools in other coun most i A el ed n ntries. Although she had no children, many girls con h m nsidered her their mothe She taugh a whole r er. ht generatio of Jewish girls that th purpose of life was to study Tora live Torah teach Tor on he f ah, h, rah, and implant Torah in future gene n erations. Her legac lived on during the Holocaust. He Bais Yaak students helped othe even in th cy d H er kov s ers he worst con nditions. The kept the Bais Yaakov schools run ey B v nning in the camps and i ghettos. T in They encourag and learn and main ged ned ntained their dignity eve in the wor circumsta r en rst ances. After the war, they went on to found Bais Yaakovs all over the wo and ensu y Y orld ured that the Jewish hom e me would alw ways remain strong. n based on an article by Joseph Fri y iedenson (wi additions by Chaim S ith s Shapiro) and Carry Me in d Your Sou by Pearl Benisch ul

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