social interaction analysis lecture 1: introduction

daniel gatica-perez

april 2012

many of us have been to meetings like this…

or come across people like this… dominance and leadership fundamental constructs in social interaction related to power and social verticality profound effects on relationships & organizations

1

many of us have watched YouTube videos like this… 40% of the most popular content are vlogs (Burgess and Green. YouTube. 2009) video blogging highly creative form of participation life documentary & communication tool social behavior & metadata the goal: inferring patterns from social interaction interacting people (face-to-face or online) 2 .

hard to fake rapid: accurate judgments can be done from “thin-slices” NVB & F2F interaction attraction (Pentland ‘05) roles (Zancanaro ‘06) dominance (Hung ‘08) personality (Pianesi ‘08) leadership (Jayagopi ‘09) 3 . traits.nonverbal communication (Knapp and Hall) nonverbal behavior and social inference (Knapp and Hall) nonverbal cues alternative channel to spoken words indicators of states. and relationships honest: unconscious.

discussions interest degree of collective engagement internal states dominance degree of influence or status traits and relationships conversational dynamics 4 .attention. monologues. postures complementary multimodal cues multimodal nature computer vision audio processing audio-visual fusion interactive nature .interaction regulates individuals complementary multiparty cues cognitive science the wealth of social interaction # people large (~10) small (~5) dyadic temporal scale visual focus who looks at whom addressing who speaks to whom turn-taking floor control.verbal cues: speech . body motion.nonverbal cues from audio and video .the nature of social interaction .interaction can be measured .

From thin-slices to long-term * Interpretable social models general methodology interaction data audio data video data audio-visual behavior extraction probabilistic modeling visual focus who looks at whom? addressing who speaks to whom? turn-taking what is the interaction phase? interest degree of engagement dominance who is the boss? 5 .computational modeling of social interaction Social sensing Nonverbal behavior (NVB) + Proximity + Body activity + Visual attention + Speaking turns + Prosody * Ubiquitous sensing * Principled methods for . temporally) .Perceptual integration Social models Internal states + Interest Personality traits + Dominance Relationships + Status + Roles * Behavior integration .NVB is always grounded (socially.Robust NVB extraction .

some challenges automatic nonverbal cue extraction some audio/vision methods are robust …but some cues are subtle social inference from nonverbal cues inconsistencies in the relation between NVB and social constructs NVB depends on context personal: individual differences social: type of relationship temporal: relationships evolve cultural: regional differences social interaction vs. human-computer interaction HCI: human-computer interaction assumes that people are willing to interact with machines beyond mouse and keyboard behavior: what people can do « in front of » a machine social interaction computers in background people is what matters « put the people first and everything else will follow » 6 .

EPFL. 2004 Kaplan. 2006 Sturm. MIT. Eindhoven.applications: face-to-face support DiMicco. MIT. 2007 Kim. 2008 applications: remote communication support 7 .

applications: online video enhancement applications: social media search 8 .

applications: traditional media search state of affairs (circa 2009) 9 .

state of affairs (2) state of affairs (3) 10 .

outline for the course introduction measuring behavioural cues from conversational data social inference in small groups social inference in social media questions? 11 .

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