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We will discuss different properties of rational numbers in this session. Rational numbers are

the numbers which can be expressed in the form of p/q, where p and q are the integers and q

in not equal to zero. Here we will take the properties of rational numbers:

1. Closure property: We mean by closure property that if there are two rational numbers, then

Closure property of addition holds true, which means that the sum of two rational numbers is

also a rational number.

Closure property of subtraction holds true, which means that if there exist two rational

numbers, then the difference of the two rational numbers is also a rational number.

Closure property of multiplication holds true, which means that if there exist two rational

numbers, then the product of the two rational numbers is also a rational number.

Closure property of division holds true, which means that if there exist two rational numbers,

then the quotient of the two rational numbers is also a rational number.

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true for addition and multiplication but does not hold true for subtraction and division.

It means that if p1/q1 and p2/q2 are any two rational numbers, then according to commutative

property of rational numbers, we mean that :

P1/q1 + p2/q2 = p2/q2 + p1/q1

P1/q1 * p2/q2 = p2/q2 * p1/q1

P1/q1 - p2/q2 <> p2/q2 - p1/q1

P1/q1 p2/q2 <> p2/q2 p1/q1

3. Additive Identity of Rational numbers: According to additive identity property, If we have a

rational number p/q, then there exist a number zero (0), such that if we add the number zero

to any number, the result remains unchanged. So we write it as : p/q + 0 = p/q

4. Multiplicative identity of Rational numbers: According to multiplicative identity property of

rational numbers, If we have a rational number p/q, then there exist a number one (1), such

that if we multiply the number one to any number, the result remains unchanged. So we write

it as : p/q * 1 = p/q

5. Power of zero: By the property Power of zero, we mean that there exists a number zero,

such that if we multiply zero to any rational number, then the product id zero itself. So if we

have p/q as a rational number, then we say: p/q * 0 = 0 .

6. Associative property of Rational numbers: Associative property of rational numbers holds

true for addition and multiplication but does not hold true for subtraction and division.

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It means that if p1/q1 , p2/q2 and p3/q3 are any three rational numbers, then according to

associative property of rational numbers, we mean that :

(P1/q1 + p2/q2) + p3/q3 = P1/q1 + (p2/q2 + p3/q3 )

(P1/q1 * p2/q2) * p3/q3 = P1/q1 * (p2/q2 * p3/q3 )

(P1/q1 - p2/q2) - p3/q3 <> P1/q1 - (p2/q2 - p3/q3 )

(P1/q1 p2/q2) p3/q3 <> P1/q1 (p2/q2 p3/q3 )

7.Distributive property of multiplication over addition and subtraction of rational numbers holds

true, which states:

P1/q1 * ( p2/q2 + p3/q3) = (p1/q1 * p2/q2) + (p1/q1 * p3/q3)

P1/q1 * ( p2/q2 - p3/q3) = (p1/q1 * p2/q2) - (p1/q1 * p3/q3)

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