ASSIGNMENT 3 (30 marks) (Individual) Assignment Deadline: 1 MAY 2012 (SUNDAY

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Specifications: 1. Select TWO articles written in English language, on any topic/issue of your choice. The articles must share the same topic/issue addressed and should be about 2-3 pages in length. As an example, if you have decided to work on “Schools as coping organizations” you need to look for two articles addressing the same issue selected. Articles for topics on “Stress” and “Healthy lifestyle” is NOT ALLOWED. Based on the articles selected, write an academic paper of about 1500 words using the following format: Introduction – Introduce the title of your articles and the writers. Also include where you obtained the articles (websites, journal title, books, magazines, etc.). Article 1 Title: Writer(s): Source: Title: Writer(s): Source:

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Article 2

[4 marks]

Write the gist or main points of each article in about 250 words. Gist Article 1 (about 250 words) Gist Article 2 (about 250 words)

[6 marks each x 2 =12 marks] Reflection/Discussion – Write a reflection/discussion of the articles selected. Provide your views on the topic/issue addressed and relate it to your own knowledge and experiences. Your reflection should be supported with other additional readings/sources of information. Include your additional readings in the list of references. Your reflection/discussion should be written in about 1000 words. [12 marks] References – List the articles, websites/books/journals (APA format) Appendices – Attach the two articles selected. [2 marks] Your assignment should be typed using Times New Roman point 12 with 1.5 line spacing. Your assignment should be prepared individually. As you would advise your students in school….Do not copy your friend’s work. Do not PLAGIARISE your work. PLAGIARISM IS A CRIME. Please cite your sources.

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3. 4. NOTE:

A maximum of 5 marks will be deducted for language errors. 3. Kindly submit your assignment as follows: Soft copy: MyGuru Hard copy: Courier to your respective online tutors. Ainon Omar) Fakulti Bahasa dan Komunikasi Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris 35900 Tanjong Malim Perak Darul Ridzuan 4. Please consult your tutors for further clarification or any queries. marks will be deducted as follows: Assignments with 10 – 30% similar/overlap with others or taken from other sources and not cited: 20% of the total marks scored will be deducted. Please make sure that you submit your assignment before or on the deadline given. Address: (Name of your online Tutors eg. Assignments (both soft and hard copies) submitted AFTER THE DEADLINE WILL NOT BE ACCEPTED. 4. If plagiarism is • • detected. 2. Warning: The submitted assignment will go through a similarity check. Dr. Assignments with more than 30% overlap with others or taken from other sources of information and not cited: Zero mark would be given.1. Other suggested topics/issues              Plagiarism Academic Dishonesty I Malaysia Book Vouchers Obesity Facebook Sex Education in Schools Truancy Gangsterism in Schools Teenage Crime Teenage Pregnancy PLKN Reality TV Shows Freedom of Speech .

). Those are information and the introductions of the journal that I had choosed. Journal 1 : Journal 1 Title : Motivating Factors that Influence Class F Contractors to Become Entrepreneurs Writer(s) : Nor Aishah Buang and Yufiza Mohd Yusof Source : Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia online’s library Journal 2 : Journal 2 Title : Motivation and Task Difficulty : A SOLO Experience with Adult Learners . books. The seconds journals are about Motivation and Task Difficulty : A SOLO Experience with Adult Learners. Our students learned in a different intelligents. I can see that Teachers plays with the motivational factors.Introduction – Introduce the title of your articles and the writers. So. magazines. This seconds journals is a findings from Tan Hui Leng. I would really like to choose those journal as my coursework findings because I can see that motivation are really important in a learning process. This journal is a findings from Nor Aishah Buang and Yufiza Mohd Yusof. Also include where you obtained the articles (websites. I would like to choose those journals because as a teacher. We have to use a motivational factors towards the subjects and we have to gain their interest and encourage them to like the learning process in our class. The first Journal are about Motivating Factors that Influence Class F Contractors to Become Entrepreneurs. Especially with their students in a learning process. etc. journal title. So we as a teacher should understand them and seek what are the factors in a learning session that can motivate them to like the subjects.

and psychological factors such as sense of freedom. education in schools and peers’ advice. success. recognition and roles. family encouragement. educational background. • Gist jornal 1 (about 250 words) Journal 1 : Journal 1 Title : Motivating Factors that Influence Class F Contractors to Become Entrepreneurs Writer(s) : Nor Aishah Buang and Yufiza Mohd Yusof Source : Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia online’s library This is my first choices of a journal and it is all about motivational factors. According to Nor Aishah Buang and Yufiza Mohd Yusof research from Reitan (1997). and psychological factors such as freedom. Pearson correlation. satisfaction. Statistical analysis such as frequency. This journal are about what are the motivating factors that influence class F contractors to become entrepreneurs. ttest. Nor Aishah Buang and Yufiza Mohd Yusof seek . satisfaction. This research are from The contractors from several districts of Perak. The conceptual framework for this study was adapted from the Entrepreneurship Education and Development Process Model. recognition and important roles. Nor Aishah Buang and Yufiza Mohd Yusof used an Interviews and questionnaires to collect the data’s needed. All the types of motivational factors that being studied are family background. government encouragements. This study and research is to explore the motivating factors that help to develop entrepreneurship qualities among class F Bumiputra contractors. education background. Those motivating factors include family background. As a conclusion. there are several motivating factors that encourage people to become entrepreneurs. success. and one-way ANOVA were also used in this findings.Writer(s) : Tan Hui Leng Source: Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia online’s library Write the gist or main points of each article in about 250 words. percentage. Those factors are cultural values. innovation. innovation.

So. Biggs and K. where task difficulty was controlled using the SOLO Taxonomy. or subject. I can make a conclusion that The Structure of Observed Learning Outcome (SOLO) taxonomy is a model that describes levels of increasing complexity in student's understanding of subjects. It was proposed by John B. This study was conducted with a group of 26 PKPG teachers. I would also like to focus on motivational factors. Motivation can be defined as Internal and external factors that stimulate desire and energy in people to be continually interested in and committed to a job.that there are a lot of motivational factors that contributes and influence class F Bumiputra contractors from several districts of Perak to become an entrepreneurs. Collin and has since gained popularity. and to exert persistent effort in attaining a goal. role. According to my research. in both journal I would like to focus on a motivation. • Gist Jounal 2 (about 250 words) Journal 2 : Journal 2 Title : Motivation and Task Difficulty : A SOLO Experience with Adult Learners Writer(s) : Tan Hui Leng Source: Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia online’s library In my second choices of a journal. Feedback from these teachers and their instructor seems to indicate that this improvement may be related to their increased interest in the subject. After six weeks on-task. a comparison of pre-task (Test 1) and post-task (Test 2) scores was done descriptively. When these teachers enjoy with the subject. subsequently they . These teachers were guided through the tasks. A series of graded tasks for EDU 480 was set for these teachers. So. I am focusing on a research of Motivation and Task Difficulty: A SOLO Experience with Adult Learners. The findings of Tan Hui Leng’s shows that there was a marked improvement in test scores. They report that these adult learners are more motivated to study a subject where the learning process has enabled them to enjoy success in completing tasks especially tasks which were previously deemed difficult. This research had been made by Tan Hui Leng from University Kebangsaan Malaysia in 2006.

group work and the role of the instructor in providing feedback and support in performing the tasks were. In this respect. The purpose of this study was to examine what elements were required to motivate learning among adult learners. . The efficacy of these tasks in motivating and promoting learning among adults was analysed. task difficulty was carefully controlled and its learning outcomes were examined. the idea of inducing success through hands-on tasks stands out significantly and thus became the focus of this study. Two other sources of motivation. In this respect. task difficulty was carefully controlled and its learning outcomes were examined.can answers all the question in the pre-task (Test 1) and post-task (Test 2) systematically because their motivation and interest had been increased in the focusing subject. namely. group work and the role of the instructor in providing feedback and support in performing the tasks were raised by learners in this study and were subsequently studied as well. namely. The purpose of this study was to examine what elements were required to motivate learning among adult learners. Based on current literature on adult motivation. The efficacy of these tasks in motivating and promoting learning among adults was analysed. Based on current literature on adult motivation.raised by learners in this study and were subsequently studied as well. Two other sources of motivation. the idea of inducing success through hands-on tasks stands out significantly and thus became the focus of this study.

I can conclude that a motivation is important to encourage the interest into somethings such as interest of a students towards a subjects that they dislikes such as Science and Mathematics. Include your additional readings in the list of references. We as a teacher should be able to find and seek for a motivation factors to increase our students interest in our subject in class. Both of the journals are about a motivation. morality. There are many approaches to motivation: physiological. motivation may be rooted in a basic need to minimize physical pain and maximize pleasure. but distinct from. goal. Students learn in a different intelligents. as a response he or she eats and diminishes feelings of hunger. Your reflection should be supported with other additional readings/sources of information. Your reflection/discussion should be written in about 1000 words. emotion. Conceptually. or avoiding mortality. I would like to focus on motivation because we as a teacher really needs to finds a motivation to encourage our students towards our subjects in a learning process. or it may include specific needs such as eating and resting. the strength of the behavior.Reflection/Discussion – Write a reflection/discussion of the articles selected. selfishness. or it may be attributed to less-apparent reasons such as altruism. state of being. The second journal are a research about Motivation and Task Difficulty: A SOLO Experience with Adult Learners which is a research of Tan Hui Leng in 2003. From the Wikepedia. controls. Provide your views on the topic/issue addressed and relate it to your own knowledge and experiences. Motivation is a group of phenomena which affect the nature of an individual's behavior. ideal. So. The first journal are all about Motivating Factors that Influence Class F Contractors to Become Entrepreneurs by Nor Aishah Buang and Yufiza Mohd Yusof. For instance: An individual has not eaten. Both of the journals are from the online’s library of University Kebangsaan Malaysia. cognitive. motivation should not be confused with either volition or optimism. From the findings. We as a teacher should seek for the . According to various theories. and social. I would like to choose two journals about motivation. he or she feels hungry. and the persistence of the behavior. in both of the journals shows that three of them are focusing on a motivation. and sustains certain behaviors. I can defined that Motivation is a term that refers to a process that elicits. Motivation is related to. In this coursework. behavioural. or a desired object. It's the crucial element in setting and attaining goals and research shows you can influence your own levels of motivation and self-control.

The purpose of the study is to find out what are the motivating factors that influence class F Bumiputra contractors from several districts of Perak to become entrepreneurs. and finally. innovation. . They report that these adult learners are more motivated to study a subject where the learning process has enabled them to enjoy success in completing tasks especially tasks which were previously deemed difficult. a comparison of pre-task (Test 1) and post-task (Test 2) scores was done descriptively. If their interest incresed. These teachers were guided through the tasks. After six weeks on-task. So. Three of them are focusing on a motivation and how to encourage an interest into something using the motivation. we are able to generalised that whole to as yet untaught applications (extended abstract). Those motivating factors include family background. education background. recognition and important roles. I can conclude that both of the journals are focusing on a research of motivation and how to increased the numbers of their finding objectives using a motivation factors. then we learn how to integrate them into a whole (relational). which stands for the Structure of the Observed Learning Outcome. Nowadays. At first we pick up only one or few aspects of the task (unistructural). Tan Hui Leng was conducted with a group of 26 PKPG teachers.intelligence in our students. satisfaction. t-test. SOLO. enabling us to assess students’ work in terms of its quality not of how many bits of this and of that they got right. Feedback from these teachers and their instructor seems to indicate that this improvement may be related to their increased interest in the subject. I have to seek for a motivation factors to encourage them towards the subjects. as a Mathematis teacher I am facing a students that hates Mathematics a lot. Nor Aishah Buang and Yufiza Mohd Yusof Interviews and questionnaires were used to collect the data. success. So. then several aspects but they are unrelated (multistructural). In the second journals. percentage. and psychological factors such as sense of freedom. There was a marked improvement in test scores. where task difficulty was controlled using the SOLO Taxonomy. and one-way ANOVA. Statistical analysis such as frequency. A series of graded tasks for EDU 480 was set for these teachers. is a means of classifying learning outcomes in terms of their complexity. Pearson correlation. As learning progresses it becomes more complex. their performance in this subject should also increased. In a first journal by Nor Aishah Buang and Yufiza Mohd Yusof . Tan Hui Leng are using the SOLO Taxonomy.

(1995). Retrieved May 1. Springer (2008).BIBLIOGRAPHY National Curiculum Standart (2011). 9(2). What Motivates Adolescents. Retrieved on April 28. (2002). Higher education: Online universities. 2012. 2012 from http://joctl. Retrieved April 1. H. Retrieved on 20th April 2012 from http://nationalcurriculumreform.html Assumptions about the adult learners.html Belt.educ.com/2012/05/student-motivation. Teaching and learning style preferences: Transitions through technology (Electronic Version).html .son. 2012 from.blogspot. http://www.htm Learning styles and approaches. http://archon.elearningmag.va. from http://academic.br. 18-20 http://www. Retrieved April 20.wisc. F.htm Analicia K. especially Eighth Graders to Learn?. from. (2001.cc. 2012.kent. e-learning Magazine.us/vcca/hart1.com/2008/05/adolescents-motivation.jsp?id=4067 Hartman. April 1).com/elearning/article/articleDetail. V. VCCA Journal.blogspot.edu/cnp_orient/OnlineLearning/Learningstyles.edu/~nebraska/curric/ttim1/aaal.

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