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Kevin Palmares

Ministry of Public Security (Laos)
The Ministry of Public Security is the ministry of the interior of Laos. It includes local police, traffic police, immigration police, security police (including border police), and other armed police units. The current minister is Mr. Thongbanh Sengaphone. In order to increase its capacity to address issues such as the illegal drugs trade and human trafficking, the Ministry of Public Security has established working relations with a number of foreign government agencies and international organisations, including UNODC and UNICEF. The security forces subject to the ministry have occasionnally been accused of human rights violations.[1] Their persecution of Christians in Laos is among the heaviest in the world.[2] Particularly members of the ethnic group of the Hmong have been subject to violence by security


private 1st class



second lieutenant



the public expressed dissatisfaction with heavy-handed military controls. although they lacked the necessary training. and reorganization reflected the difficulties encountered by the former Pathet Lao cadre in converting from a guerrilla insurgency into a national security force. soldiers were assigned police duties. 2). their presence had been reduced to a few senior advisers. Consequently. an effective police force had been established. . there were reports of abuses such as extortion and robbery by drunken Pathet Lao police officers. ch.Kevin Palmares major lieutenant colonel colonel brigadier general major general lieutenant general general Laos-NATIONAL POLICE AND PARAMILITARY FORCES TRAINING One of the first priorities for the LPDR was restructuring defense and security forces and improving effectiveness in these new roles. there were reportedly 800 Vietnamese secret police in Laos engaged in military and civilian surveillance activities. training. 2). After the major Mekong River towns were liberated. The academy also trained a Laotian secret police organization similar to the Vietnamese internal security apparatus. ch. most young Pathet Lao guerrillas brought in to keep order in the Mekong towns were members of upland minorities who had never before been confronted with the temptations of city life (see Upland Lao Society . By late 1978. By the end of 1976. and the excesses committed by some guerrillas. Also. By the late 1980s. The crime rate reportedly was very low. Pathet Lao arrogance. where Vietnamese and Soviet instructors began teaching Laotian cadres basic police procedures. often with little regard for human rights. Its mission was simple: to maintain basic law and order and strictly enforce government policies. The emphasis on discipline. ten kilometers east of Vientiane. Men taught to think of urban-dwelling lowland Lao as their bitter enemies found it difficult at first to treat them as liberated brothers (see Lowland Lao Society . The secret police were to provide internal security for the party and to look for dissidents within the population: those individuals who disagreed with the LPRP's pro-Vietnamese line and who expressed pro-Chinese or Laotian nationalist sentiments that could be construed as anti-Vietnamese. A police academy was established at the former United States-built police school at Ban Donnoun. As the pace of political change quickened and the government became increasingly concerned about security.