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and pessimistic views of human nature and society Assess the validity of this statement in reference to reform movememnts in TWO of the following areas: Education Temperance Women’s rights Utopian experiments Penal Institutions Question: The election of Thomas Jefferson is sometimes called the "Revolution of 1800". To what extent is this description accurate?
Question: Analyze the impact of the market revolution (1815-1860) on the economies of TWO of the following regions: The Northwest The Midwest The South
1. Harvard WAS FOUNDED FOR College MINISTERS
2. Reasons for English colonies established by joint stock companies
Joint stock companies pooled the savings of people of moderate means and supported ventures that seemed potential profitable thus, various colonies were able to attract large numbers of English settlers
3. Crop for economy 17th century NA Tobacco Parliament's response to Tea Act opposition: The concept of virtual representation was employed by Prime Minister George Grenville to explain why Parliament could legally tax the colonists even though the colonists could not elect any members of Parliament. The theory 4. Rep. self government in is that members of parliament represented all British subjects British NA regardless of who elected them 5. Significant differences between S Carolina and N in 17th century battle of saratoga 6. Georgia founded as primarily what as a place for english debtors to go, defensive buffer to protect South Carolina plantations from threat of invasion from Spanish Florida
form of Royal centralization, James II comes to throne, Mass., New Hamp, CT, Rhode Island, Plymouth single admin. unit capital at 7. Dominion of NE created boston. Believe in response to colonial self government, (someone for what double check this) 1686 8. Pennsylvania quakers (believed in equality of all men and women, nonviolence,
FRANCE. Native. 2 It did not have the power to tax 3 It did not have the power to enforce laws 4 Congress lacked strong and steady leadership 5 There was no national army or navy 6 There was no system of national courts 7 Each state could issue its own paper money 8 Each state could put tariffs on trade between states. bu encouraged broadening of political discussion and participation beyond a small circle of elites FRENCH AND INDIAN WAR. NETHERLANDS. "sinners in the hands of an angry god"-jonathan edwards. full religious freedom. SPAIN. Shay's Rebellion 1786 shays rebellion (1786) economic hard times coupled with high taxes .) 17 17.threw tea into water. Strength of article of confederation 18 18. a number of ivy colleges were founded FREEDOM OF THE PRESS. new shipment of tea sat in Boston harbor. 2 To coin and borrow money 3 To detail with foreign countries and sign treaties 4 To operate post offices WEAKNESSES: 1 The national government could not force the states to obey its laws. a traits… respresentative assembly. conflit over areas around the Great Lakes and the Ohio and Mississippi rivers 10 11 11. emphasized human evil and need for repentence. 1735 -printer of NY Weekly Journal. Revolutionary warbattle transforming to international conflict (helped france come in) Response to the Intolerable Acts Stated that the colonies owed no obedience to any of the Acts 15 16 battle of saratoga STRENGTHS: 1 To declare war and make peace.encompassed all of these and resistance to military service).000 RESULTS: Old lights(rejected the great awakening) vs New lights. 1773. William Cosby and his associates of corruption -Zenger's attorney : Andrew Hamilton. p. Causes for boston tea (name?) colonists. Main purpose of continental congress in 1884 16. SWEDEN Winthrop : Puritan and 1st governor of Massachusetts bay colony "city upon a hill" series of religious revivals (1720-1740). John peter zenger legal case 13 13. which repeatedly accused Gov. would was allowed to be shipped out by the governor 14. and peace with native americans 9 9. most dynamic preacher was George Whitefield who traveled through the colonies speaking and moving crowds up to 30. John Winthrop ENGLAND. and in the salvation of Jesus.o'd party Prime Minister North 15.British soldiers fought against French soldiers and Native Americans. Which nations had claims to Western hemisphere 15-16th century 10. acquitted of seditious libel in new york. Great Awakening important aspects 12 12. PORTUGAL. dressed as natives. Conflict between france and Britain in NA centered on what area 14 In response to Tea Act. (A tariff is a tax on goods coming in from another state or country. who spoke directly to the jury and persuaded them that they alone could make the decision of whether Zenger was publishing any falsehoods in the papers -Zenger acquitted -did not change NY law or enhanced freedom of press.
Anti federalists Opposed Hamilton's plan. nullification The US will stay out of Euorpean conflict and American continents are not open for colonization.. Monroe doctrine 29 29. edmund randolph (VA) attorney general. based on Methodism and Baptism. James Madison participated. alexander hamilton (NY) secretary of treasury Federalist party broke apart when Monroe won 1816 election. Cities with populations under 10. Declaration of sentiments the answer to this question will be declaration of sentiments. federalists: alex hamilton and john adams -north and east -srong central gov't -pro business -loose interpretation -pro-British foreign policy isolation.sedition act widened the powers of the adams administration to muzzle its newspaper critics. The revivals attracted women. Lewis and clark expedition 30 A series of religious revivals starting in 1801. George Washington.constitutional known as Independence hall. Stressed a religious philosophy of salvation through good deeds and tolerance for all Protestant sects. but timing was a disaster since Treaty of Ghent and Battle of New Orleans destroyed their support (Democratic Republicans favored more) 24. Washington’s cabinet 24 24. 23. Jefferson and Madison. 20.intended to pay off the state's war debt drove Mass. Newport.john adams -vp. Strict interpretations of the constitution. It also had an effect 30. 2nd great awakening. 55 delegates from every state but Rhode Island began 19. providence Constitution would not be ratified by all states unless it included a Bill of Rights protecting the freedoms of individuals from the central government. Philadelphia gathering at the Pennsylvania State House in Philadelphia. before Federalists made proposals in Hartford Convention. joined by Sacagawea ALL THE WAY TO THE PACIFIC OCEAN 22 22. Federalist party 25 25. Bill of rights (1791) 23 23. Sedition act 27 27. the temperance significance movement. they shut down courts to prevent judges from seizing property or condemning people to debtors prisons for failing to pay their taxes.000 (1790) Salem. Ben Franklin. henry knox (MA) secretary of war. non-interference. Blacks.on moral movements such as prison reform. farmers into deperation. US deem it an unfriendly act by any European nation Sent to explore Louisiana Territory. and Native Americans. illegal to defiance or criticize the pres or govt Alien and Sedition acts are unconstitutional.led by war veteran Daniel Shay. Washington’s foreign policy 26 26. 31. Virgina and Kentucky resolutions 28 28. terms Alexander Hamilton. declaration of sentiments was made at the seneca falls convention 31 . The army was called and ended the rebellion quickly Resullt: due to the strong violence people felt that they needed a stronger gov't 19 In 1787.. and moral reasoning against slavery. later convention. Thomas Jefferson (VA) secretary of state. FEAR OF CENTRALIZED GOVERNMENT 20 21 21. mentioned in Washington's Farewell Address 26.
not passed anti slavery in territories gained by Mexican War. Whig party 38. Immigrants 1830-60largest group 39 39.for women's rights "We hold these truths to be self evident. Germans less politically potent as their strength was more widely scattered.5 million came to America between 1830-1860. 33. By 1820 many states adopted universal suffrage. model farms. notably Wisconsin where they est. American colonization whites believed that blacks and whites could not live together in society harmony 41.C.Adams won. bound. Compromise of 1850 46 46. abolition of slavery in D. made Clay secretary of state tax on manufactured imported goods benefitted industrialized North South blamed Jackson and feared tariffs would lower English demand for cotton (and lower cotton prices) anti jackson party supported the american system of henry clay Irish and Germans: IRISH-2 million arrived between 1830 and 1860. prohibited selling and making of alcohol N/A White males. not for moral reasons but in order to protect free labor harriet tubman. Prohibition 33 34 started around the 1820s. betw. Formed an influential body of voters (like the Irish) who politicians wooed." 32 32. The period was called "The Rise if the Common Man" :) Election of 1824 Andrew Jackson drew more popular/electoral votes than candidates (Henry Clay. William Crawford. Utah and New Mexico become territories (they could decide whether they would have slavery). Most were uprooted farmers. which eliminated the property-owning requirement that had once limited the voting population. that all men and women are created equally. Tariff of abomination 37 38 37. new fugitive slave law nullified new fugitive slave laws by stating that alledged fugitives 41 42 43 43. Suffrage 35 35. resolved. Women want the right to vote. Abolitionists underground rail road 45 45. Personal liberty laws . JQ Adams)but failed to get enough required by Constitution Thrown to House of Representatives. Came to larger cities as they were too poor to move west & buy land & equipment: Boston & particularly NY (became largest Irish city in the world) GERMANS: Over 1. TX and New M. Due to region's abundant water power for driving new machinery and good seaports for shipping goods. Most pushed out to the mid-west. Revolutions in communication 42. Free soil party 44 44. escape from slavery statehood for Cali (free state). in order to keep blacks out of US because 40. NE rises as center of industry. Political cartoon 34. Wilmot Proviso telegraph and phonograph improving over time prohibited slavery in any territory gained thru the Mexican cession. mainly by protestants against the Catholic immigrants.. Clay gave support the John Adams for a victory in the west/NE. displaced by crop failures & by other hardships. Corrupt bargain 36 36. Decline of New England's maritime industry made capital available and decline in farming provided labor supply.reasons 40 Send them to Liberia.
north stated that they will declare war on Britain if British openly supported South and British didnt need south's cotton b/c they had india 51 52 53 54 54. wanting an immediate peace settlement with the Confederates. The Copperheads were a group of Northern Democrats who opposed the American Civil War. Kansas. aiming at restoring peace. TO PRESERVE THE UNION Anaconda Plan. North military strategy West. supported concessions with the south. Lincoln. Stephen douglas Wrote Kansas Nebraska Act. West Virginia and Missouri: slavery legal. aka against Missouri Compromise. They sometimes met with Confederates. reenlisted to become backbone. North Carolina. They opposed emancipation of American slaves. also called Peace-Democrats: they wanted to reconcile with the South instead of waging war. Border states in civil war 53. Copper heads 57 soldiers were typically volunteering. Lincolns response to secession Sent nonmilitary supplies to Fort Sumter Northern Democrats against Lincoln's broad use of executive power. Soldiers status in civil soldiers go up in rank----both the north and south used drafts to fill war army ranks The anaconda plan. Why british did not support south in civil war Delaware. and helped Confederate prisoners of war escape. Democrat were native-born Protestant Americans who had hostility toward the immigrant Germans and Irish Catholics. blockade coasts. Civil war. leading to the south accepting defeat and returning to the Union. War goals later turned into abolishing slavery after Lincoln's emancipation 58. Maryland. they commonly responded "I know nothing" to political questions. Arkansas. 48. also supported Popular 47. Northern ships also travel down the Missisippi River to seal off the Confederacy from the 59.british textile manufacture gained cotton from where India 55.main military proclamation. Dred scott vs Sanford declared unconstitutional) 51. Civil war. for north: offensive war to take back states that objective deserted for south defensive war. and Tennessee seceded after sumter Lincoln's response to call up militia to defend fort 52. their one issue was the opposition to Catholics and immigrants who were entering northern cities in large numbers 48 49 49. loyalty spurred enrollment.to strip the south of its supply. 60. 55 56 56. States did not secede before attack on fort Virginia. ran vs. basically honor and loyalty helped 57. Know nothing party 50 Decision: 1: could not sue in fed court.Nebraska act sov. forming groups to persuade Union soldiers to desert. Copperheads opposed turning the Civil war into a total war to destroy the South and restore the Union. Success of freedmans NOT GOOD bureau (1865) 58 59 60 .cannot be housed in state prisons 47 seperated territory into kanas and nebraska. Blockade of the South's coast. Kentucky. stayed with Union South retreated at Battle of Antietam. 2: Congress could not limit slaveowners right o bring property anywhere ( missouri compromise 50.
Apache led by Geronimo 69. 14th amendment divided confederate states into military districts -also increased requirements for gaining readmission into the union. it was a religious movement .. by whites . 1. Caused war. Black reconstruction Since no one knows : we can rebuild him we have the technology Sioux nation was cut in half by the expansion west of white settlers. and medical attention to African Americans. which expired in 1872.Created by federal government to assist newly emancipated slaves in the form of food. The bureau would eventually establish schools across the south and help to educate them. each under the control of the union act 1867 army. 61 61.regardless of race 64. and continued with subsequent large labor projects.did not allow blacks to rent land or borrow money to buy land 2forced to sign work contracts 3. Lincoln announced a formal plan for reconstruction: A general amnesty would be granted to all who would take an oath of loyalty to the United States and pledge to obey all federal laws pertaining to slavery High Confederate officials and military leaders were to be temporarily excluded from the process When one tenth of the number of voters who had participated in the 1860 election had taken the oath within a particular state.prohibited blacks from testifying against whites in court blacks are citizens 62. such as the building of the First Transcontinental Railroad.noncentury of dishonor fiction book on injustices of Native Americans in U.. White men started to to mine in the hills and they would dig up their ancestors. Reconstruction plan 62 In late 1863. then that state could launch a new government and elect representatives to Congress.(1860s) began to arrive after the California Gold Rush of 1848-1855. The bureau struggled as congress refused to increase it's funding.during the suppresion the famous sioux sitting bull was killed 69 70 70.S. 65. Conflict with government over land ownership Sioux Indians lived near Black Hills. Laundromats and such more than actually mining cause they were smart ..late 19th century Nez Perce led by Chief Joseph. shelter. ex confederate states had to ratify the 14th amendment and place guarantees in its constitution for granting the right to vote to all adult males. they would bury their ancestors in the hills. Suppression of ghost dance ended indian wars. Military reconstruction -and it was 5 military districts. Indian wars. good shit 65 66 66. Black codes 63 64 63. Causes of battle of little bighorn 67 67. Chinese immigrants 68 68. A Century of Dishonor. Helen hunt Jackson in Injustices toward Native Americans.
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