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FALL PROTECTION PLAN FOR PORTABLE LADDERS

Note: This Plan may only be used for employees performing work from a portable ladder where a fall exposure of 6 feet or greater exists
and it can be demonstrated that the use of a conventional fall protection system is infeasible or creates a greater hazard.

Project & Job Location: Issue Date:


Work Description:
Installation, removal, and maintenance of overhead materials and equipment in an enclosed space or
room. Installation is performed by ladder, scaffold, scissor-lift, or a combination thereof.
Installations consist of areas where compliant use of scaffolds and scissor-lifts cannot access,
and ladders are the remaining access solution. PFAS anchorages are unavailable (5000 lbs.) and fall
restraint anchorages are immediately unavailable (4X load).

NON-CONVENTIONAL SYSTEM JUSTIFICATION


Describe the Reason Conventional Fall Protection Cannot be Used:
Work (overhead mechanical equipment installation) area has an absence of adequate (compliant) fall
protection anchorages (CCR T8 1670(i)) in locations >15.5’ ft. from the work deck surface, or in
areas where a swing hazard (encumbrance) does not exist. The work is of short duration and limited
exposure and the hazards involved are minimized through educational and administrative means. The
rigging and installing the safety devices required by CCR T8 1669 equals or exceeds the hazards
involved in the actual installation and construction, the PFAS provisions may be temporarily
suspended, provided adequate risk control is recognized and maintained under immediate, competent
supervision. (CCR T8 1669(c))
Employees shall use the provided Ladders as required by manufacturer and standard practices.
The Company has chosen this method of fall protection compliance as an alternative measure (CCR T8
1671.1(8) "ladders") to PFAS use (CCR T8 1670(a)), while working “correctly” from a ladder,
irregardless of a work (fall) exposure in excess of 7.5’ feet. (Or 6’ ft. if required by contract).
Exception: Within 10 ft. from the perimeter of a structure, unprotected sides and edges, leading
edges, through shaftways and openings, and sloped roof surfaces.
*This specific procedure does not apply to the use of ladders to gain access/egress to another
platform/level when you must egress or access the ladder. For that purpose standard manufacturer
instructions and CCR T8 1675 Ladders (General) shall be followed.
Ref: OSHA Standard Interpretations: 01/13/2000 - Fall protection requirements for fixed and
portable ladders in construction.

OTHER SELECTED CONTROLS TO REDUCE THE FALL HAZARD


Check One or More

Safety Monitor Assigned* Short Duration Task (<10 min.)


3-Point Contact Maintained during performance of task Light Duty Task (material being handled weighs <5 lbs.)
Ladder Secured to a Fixed Object

Use of Special Instructions (Describe)

Selection of Special Work Methods (Describe)

*The role of a Safety Monitor will be to stabilize the ladder during use, and communicate verbal warnings to the ladder user of recognized fall hazard
conditions.

APPROVALS
Prepared By:
(Title) Print & Sign Date
Approved By:
(Field Work Supervisor) (Project Safety Representative) Print & Sign Date
Concurrence By:
(List Names of the Affected Workers Who Received a Briefing on the Completed Plan)

RC (Rev. 06-08)
FALL PROTECTION PLAN FOR PORTABLE LADDERS
LADDER USE CHECKLIST INSPECTION AND MAINTENANCE INSPECTION CHECKLIST
DO Regular inspection and maintenance will YES / NO
increase the useful life of ladders and reduce the
9 Familiarize yourself with this ladder safety number of accidents. 1. Are any fiberglass parts splintered or
policy. frayed?
Before you use any ladder, you are required
9 Use a ladder properly suited to the task. to visually inspect it and notify your foreman 2. Are there any defects in side rails, rungs, or
of any deficiencies. other similar parts?
9 Construct job-built ladders properly.
A basic checklist for inspection has been 3. Are there any missing or broken rungs?
9 Inspect ladders before use.
provided for you to use. Repairs should only be 4. Are there any broken, split, or cracked rails
9 Erect ladders with the proper slope carried out by someone competent and familiar repaired with wire, sheet metal, or other
(between 4:1 and 3:1). with this kind of work. makeshift materials?
9 Avoid placing ladders in areas with high Ladders found to be defective should be 5. Are there any worn, damaged, or missing
traffic or activity such as walkways, taken out of service and either tagged for feet?
entrances, and exits. repair or scrapped. Once tagged, the ladder
must not be used until repaired. Ideally, the tag 6. Are there any worn, damaged, or
9 Tie ladders off at the top. should only be removed by the person who took unworkable extension ladder locks, pulleys,
the ladder out of service initially. The tag should or other similar fittings?
9 Block or otherwise secure the ladder base
be printed in big bold letters with the words
or have the ladder held by a second worker 7. Is the rope on extension ladders worn,
“DANGER – DO NOT USE”.
when in use. broken, or frayed?
9 When outdoors, place the ladder base on 8. Has the rope on extension ladders been
firm footings such as compacted soil or GENERAL INSPECTION replaced by material inferior to the ladder
mudsills. manufacturer's original rope?
PROCEDURES
9 Extend the ladder (3 feet) above the top 9. Are the spreader arms on step ladders
landing. Ladders should be inspected for structural
bent, worn, broken, or otherwise rendered
rigidity. All joints between fixed parts should be
partly or totally ineffective?
9 Clear material, debris, and other tight and secure.
obstructions from the top and bottom of
ladders. Hardware and fittings should be securely
attached and free of damage, excessive wear, If the answer is “YES” to any of the
and corrosion. Movable parts should operate questions on the Inspection Checklist, the
freely without binding or excessive play. This is ladder should be tagged so that workers will
WHEN CLIMBING especially important for gravity-action ladder know it is defective and should not be used.
locks on extension ladders. It should be taken out of service immediately
9 Use a single-width ladder one person at a
and placed in a location where it will not be used
time only. Non-skid feet should be checked for wear,
until repairs are completed. If the ladder is not to
imbedded material, and proper pivot action on
9 Maintain three-point contact. be repaired it should be destroyed.
swivel feet.
9 Do not carry anything in your hands. Notify your supervisor.
Deteriorated, frayed or worn ropes on extension
9 Face the ladder. ladders should be replaced with a size and type
equal to the manufacturer's original rope.
9 Use a fall-arrest system on long ladders.
Replacing a rung with a piece of conduit or pipe
is not good practice and is not to be permitted.
DO NOT The bases, rungs, and steps of all ladders
should be examined for grease, oil, caulking,
8 use ladders when a safer means of access imbedded stone and metal, or other materials
is available and practical. that could make them slippery or otherwise
8 use metal ladders near live electrical unsafe.
equipment or conductors. Methods of storage and transportation are
8 use ladders horizontally or for some other important.
purpose for which they haven't been Storage areas should permit easy access and
designed. be cool and dry. Areas where the moving of
8 damage ladders during transport and other materials can damage ladders should be
storage. avoided. Ladders should be supported during
storage and transportation to prevent sagging or
8 support ladders on their rungs. chafing.
8 erect long or heavy ladders by yourself. When being transported, ladders should be “top
freight” - nothing should be piled on them. If
damage does occur, the condition causing the
damage should be corrected as well as having
the ladder repaired.

RC (Rev. 06-08)
LADDERS SAFE PRACTICES

INTRODUCTION — 375lb Duty Rating (Portable Special Duty suitable or practical. Supervisors must
Falls from ladders are common to all trades and Ladders) ANSI A14.10 (2000). consider the number of workers requiring
pose one of the most serious safety problems in access to elevated work locations as well
installation and construction. Therefore as the extent and duration of the work
management with the assistance of our before deciding on the safest and most
employees shall focus on training and economical means of access.
administrative enforcement of the standard safe Ladders should not be used by large crews of
practices. It is a priority to reduce the risks workers for access to another level.
involved in working from ladders. Basic considerations of efficiency usually
The following are major causes of accidents: indicate that other types of access such as
— Ladders are not held, tied off, or otherwise stairs or even personnel hoists are much more
secured. suitable where significant numbers of workers
— Slippery surfaces and unfavorable weather are making repeated use of the access.
conditions cause workers to lose footing Where a significant amount of elevated work is
on rungs or steps. to be performed by even one tradesman in an
— Workers fail to grip ladders adequately area, ladders are not recommended. Other
when climbing up or down. types of access such as stationary or rolling
— Workers take unsafe positions on ladders scaffolds or powered elevating platforms will
(such as leaning out too far). usually be more efficient and significantly
— Placement on poor footing or at improper reduce the potential for accidents.
angles causes ladders to slide. In deciding on the best type of access for
— Ladders are defective. The type in service must be compatible with the various tasks and work locations, management
— High winds cause ladders to topple. degree of the usage expected. For general should also consider the amount of material
— Near electrical lines, ladders are carelessly construction applications, heavy duty portable involved; the time workers spend on the access
handled or improperly positioned. ladders are recommended. For certain types of equipment; weather conditions; equipment
— Ladder stabilizers are not used where finishing work, however, this degree of available on site; condition of surface from
appropriate. ruggedness may not be necessary and medium which access must be made; room available;
To assist supervisors and foremen in preventing duty ladders will provide acceptable service. potential for shared use with other trades, and
such accidents, this document provides so on. It is critical that consideration be given to
requirements for selecting, setting up, worker access for specific tasks and for entire
maintaining, and using ladders. Because work areas.
ladders are the most common type of access Ladders must not be used where other
equipment in the mechanical construction means of access are practical and safer.
industry, thousands are used every working If there is no practical alternative to ladders,
day. As a result, there are many thousands of supervisors should ensure that ladders are
hours of exposure to ladder hazards every suitable and in good condition and personnel
week. are trained to use them properly. Ladder
The extensive exposure, and the large number stabilizers on straight and extension ladders are
of lost-time injuries as well as the associated strongly recommended where ladders are the
costs and suffering from ladder accidents justify only means of access.
increased training of the workforce and better In addition to proper training, planning, and
supervision of ladder use. organizing for worker access, supervisory
“Worker training alone will not yield sufficient personnel must exercise control of all access
improvement.” situations. The supervisor must check that
Any significant reduction in ladder accidents will planning and directions are being carried out by
require regular supervisory reinforcement of workers.
training as well as improved site control of Although very important, the control (admin-
operations involving ladders. istrative) function is often given insufficient
attention by the supervisor. With ladders, as
STANDARDS AND MATERIALS with other supervisory responsibilities, details
Fiberglass-reinforced plastic side rails are the Step, Trestle and Platform Ladders and instructions overlooked today can become
approved common ladder and are generally Apart from the standards of sound construction problems tomorrow. Ineffective management
used with aluminum rungs. and reliable service that should apply to all of this process will result in the removal of
They do not conduct electricity well and are ladders used on site, the primary consideration the individual, crew, and/or the foreman.
resistant to corrosion. They are lightweight and with these ladders is that they have strong
supplied in various colors. They are, however, spreader arms which lock securely in the open INSPECTION AND MAINTENANCE
UV and heat-sensitive. They must not be position. Regular inspection and maintenance will
exposed to temperatures above 200°F. increase the useful life of ladders and reduce
Fiberglass ladders should be inspected SUPERVISION AND USE the number of accidents.
regularly for cracks and “blooming.” This The Supervisor's Task Before you use any ladder, you are required
condition is evidenced by tufts of exposed glass Ladder injuries can be significantly reduced by to visually inspect it and notify your foreman
fiber where the mat has worn off. control of usage and improved site of any deficiencies.
management. This requires that supervisory A suggested checklist for inspection has been
APPROVED TYPES personnel provided at the end of this document. Repairs
Portable Ladders — train workers to maintain and use ladders should only be carried out by someone
All portable ladders must have non-slip feet or properly; competent and familiar with this kind of work.
be set up so that the feet will not slip. — evaluate the access requirements of a Ladders found to be defective should be
Portable ladders are available in various specific work assignment; taken out of service and either tagged for
grades: medium duty or grade 2; heavy duty or — choose the best means of access for the repair or scrapped. Once tagged, the ladder
grade 1, 1A, &1AA Fiberglass. job. must not be used until repaired. Ideally, the tag
The ladders must be certified to OSHA — Because portable ladders are inherently should only be removed by the person who took
Standard and ANSI Standard: hazardous, they should only be used the ladder out of service initially. The tag should
— Fiberglass Ladders ANSI A14.5 (2000) where safer means of access such as be printed in big bold letters with the words
stairs, scaffolds, manlifts, or ramps are not “DANGER – DO NOT USE”.
PROPER USE OF LADDERS — Before setting up straight or extension the lanyard off to the structure or to a
More than 80 percent of ladder accidents are ladders, check the area for overhead lifeline before beginning work. (Consult
related to improper use or application of the power lines. Ladders made of aluminum or your foreman when a suitable tie-off point
equipment. Supervisors must control the other conductive material should never be cannot be found)
application of equipment to particular situations. used near power lines. Only competent — Never straddle the space between a
But personnel using the equipment must also electricians and linemen using ladders ladder and another object.
be trained to use it. Training should include the made of non-conductive material are — Persons frequently required to use, or
following precautions: allowed to work in close proximity to work from ladders should wear protective
— Check the ladder for defects at the start of energized electrical lines. footwear with soles and heels made of
a shift, after it has been used in another — Portable ladders should never be used slip-resistant materials such as soft
location by other workers, or after it has horizontally as substitutes for scaffold urethane.
been left in one location for a lengthy planks, runways, or any other service for — Never erect ladders on boxes, carts,
period of time. (See the end of this which they have not been designed. tables, or other unstable surfaces.
document for inspection procedures.) — When a task can only be done while — Fall-arresting equipment such as ladder
— Areas surrounding the base and top of the standing on a portable ladder, the length of climbing devices or lifelines should be
ladder should be clear of trash, materials the ladder must be such that the worker used when working from long fixed ladders
and other obstructions since getting on stands on a rung no higher than the fourth or when climbing vertical fixed ladders.
and off the ladder is relatively more from the top. The ladder should also be — Never rest a ladder on any of its rungs.
hazardous than other aspects of use. tied off or equipped with a suitable Ladders must rest on their side rails.
— The base of the ladder should be secured stabilizer. — When erecting long, awkward, or heavy
against accidental movement. Use a — Short ladders must never be spliced ladders, two or more persons should share
ladder equipped with non-slip feet together to make a longer ladder. Side the task to avoid injury from over-exertion.
appropriate for the situation, nail a cleat to rails will not be strong enough to support — Instruct all personnel to watch for
the floor, or otherwise anchor the feet or the extra loads. overhead power lines before attempting to
bottom of the side rails. — Straight ladders should not be used as erect any ladder. When overhead power
— The ladder must be set up on a firm level bracing, skids, storage racks, or guys. lines are in proximity of the work,
surface. If its base is to rest on soft, un- They were not designed for these aluminum ladders must not be used.
compacted or rough soil, a mud sill should purposes and the damage caused by such
be used. abuse can later result in an accident Special Considerations
— The top of the ladder should be tied off or during normal use. All trades have frequent ladder accidents. To
otherwise secured to prevent any — Unless suitable barricades have been improve accident prevention, supervisors
movement. If this is not possible, given the erected, ladders should not be set up in should devote more time to training and
type of ladder or circumstances of its use, passageways, doorways, driveways, or reinforcement of training on the job.
one worker should hold the base of the other locations where they can be struck Approximately 50 percent of all ladder accidents
ladder while it is being used. or displaced by persons or vehicles using occur while tasks are being performed from the
— If a ladder is used for access from one the access route. ladder. Many of these accidents could be
work level to another, the side rails should — Only one person at a time should be prevented by using other types of access
extend a minimum of 3 feet above the allowed on a single-width ladder. In the equipment such as scaffolds or powered
landing. Grab rails should be installed at case of a double-width ladder, no more elevating platforms.
the upper landing so that a worker getting than two people should be allowed on Between 30 and 40 percent of all ladder
on and off the ladder has secure — it at one time and each should be on a accidents involve unexplained loss of footing.
handholds. separate side. Because inattention may be a cause, training
— All straight or extension ladders should be — Ladders should not be placed against should be strengthened to maintain awareness
erected at an angle such that the flexible or movable surfaces. of the hazards involved in working from ladders.
horizontal distance between the top — Always face the ladder when climbing up Many ladder accidents are related to
support and the base is not less than one- or down and when working from it. unfavorable weather conditions such as wind,
quarter or greater than one-third the — Maintain 3-point contact when climbing up mud, ice, snow, and rain which create slippery
vertical distance between these points. or down a ladder. That means two hands and unstable situations.
and one foot or two feet and one hand on A surprising number of accidents occur when
the ladder at all times. This is especially workers take the first step onto the bottom rung
important when you get on or off a ladder of a ladder. While falls from this distance are
at heights. usually not as serious as those from greater
— When working from a ladder, keep your heights, they nevertheless create injuries such
center of gravity between the side rails. A as sprains, strains, fractures, and contusions
person's center of gravity is approximately that often result in lost-time claims. Workers
in the center of the body at belt height. The should be advised to be careful when stepping
location of your center of gravity can shift onto any ladder. It is often at this point that the
when you reach out to either side of a unstable, insecure ladder will slide or tip and
ladder, especially with materials, tools, or that muddy or snow-covered boots will slip on
equipment in your hands. As the center of the first or second rung. Make sure that boots
gravity of your body and hand-held objects are clean, that ladders are secure and stable,
moves beyond the side rails, the ladder is and that workers are aware of the hazards.
tending toward instability. Again, this involves supervisor training and
— Whenever possible, avoid climbing up or continuous reinforcement.
down a ladder while carrying anything in Finally, a large number of accidents occur
your hands. Tools, equipment and because workers use straight ladders that are
materials should be placed in a container not secured. Site supervisors must rigidly
and raised or lowered by rope, if ensure that ladders are either firmly secured or
necessary. held in place by a second worker.
— Workers should be instructed and
frequently reminded to keep their boots
free of mud, snow, grease, or other
slippery materials if they are using ladders.
— Always hold onto the ladder with at least
one hand. If this is not possible because of
the task to be done and in particular if the
work is 10 feet or more above the floor, the
worker must wear a safety harness and tie