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# STRUCTURAL DESIGN

STRUCTURAL DESIGN
What Happens to a short column? a. b. c. d. Elongates Buckles Deforms Deflects

STRUCTURAL DESIGN
What usually happens to steel when stressed? a. b. c. d. Bend Twist Break Rupture

STRUCTURAL DESIGN
What is a method of pre-stressing wherein tendons are stressed after concrete has hardened?

a. b. c. d.

## Pre-stressing Pre-tensioning Post-tensioning Pre-fabricating

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What deformation does a beam contain? a. b. c. d. Deformation Deflection Elongation Compression

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Minimum concrete cover for slab on fill?

a. b. c. d.

## 50mm 25mm 75mm 20mm

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Whats the most probable reason why a slab-on-fill cracks? a. b. c. d. Improper soil compaction Failure of concrete mix Lack of Reinforcing bar Compression

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Given a footing plan, determine how deep is the footing; how deep is the excavation.

STRUCTURAL DESIGN
Given the plan, determine how many main bars were used?

STRUCTURAL DESIGN
Given a foundation plan, schedule of footings and columns a. What is the depth of the excavation? b. What is the volume of soil to be excavated? c. Determine the number of main bars and size used in the column

STRUCTURAL DESIGN
d. Determine the number of stirrups used per interval 50,80, 100 e. Determine the distance of the first Stirrup from the face of the column F If height of column is 3m, compute the Volume of concrete g. Compute the volume of concrete for a trapezoidal

STRUCTURAL DESIGN
The main bars for cantilevered slabs are located at a. b. c. d. Top Middle Bottom Anywhere

STRUCTURAL DESIGN
What is the difference between a seismic gap and an expansion gap?
For One Way Slab, the ratio of width to length is ________________

## For Two Way Slab, the ratio of width to length is __________ .

STRUCTURAL DESIGN
What is the best Location of support for a one way slab? a. End of the slab b. Middle third c. Top of slab

STRUCTURAL DESIGN
What is another term for tangential stress? What is stress? Different kind of stress
What is Torsion?

## What is Slenderness Ratio?

What is Radius of Gyration? What is Bending Movement?

STRUCTURAL DESIGN
When is a system statically determinate? What is the method of sections? What is Casting Bed?
What is Punching Shear?

STRUCTURAL DESIGN
What do you call the point wherein a material is about to rupture? a. Ultimate Strength b. Point of Breaking c. Point of No Return

STRUCTURAL DESIGN
What is Retaining Wall? What is the purpose of a Retaining wall and how does it work?

STRUCTURAL DESIGN
What wall is used to protect different levels? a. b. c. d. Retaining Wall Cantilever Wall Shear Wall Fire Wall

STRUCTURAL DESIGN
What is a Sheet Pile? What is a Batter Pile?

STRUCTURAL DESIGN
A Structural Member whose function is to Transfer the Loads from a Building Safely into the Ground ?
a. b. c. d. Column Footing Beam Suspended slab

STRUCTURAL DESIGN
lt is the depth below ground water level multiplied by the weight of water. a. b. c. d. Soil Bearing Pressure Hydrostatic Pressure Hydroscopic Pressure Soil Capacity

STRUCTURAL DESIGN
What do you call the Upward Force acting on Spread Footing?
What causes the Upward Force that acts on Footings? What needs to be done to the Footing Dimension to reduce Soil Bearing Pressure?

STRUCTURAL DESIGN
The Top of the Footing is in (Compression or Tension)?
The Bottom of the Footing is in (Compression or Tension)? What do you call the Act/Process of Enlarging an Existing Foundation?

STRUCTURAL DESIGN
lf a Project is located on a Steep Ground, what type of Foundation would you recommend? a. b. c. d. Cantilever Isolated Mat Floating

STRUCTURAL DESIGN
lf a Project is to be constructed on a Converted Farm Land, what Foundation is recommended?
a. b. c. d. Isolated Mat Floating Grid

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If a Project is to be erected on Stable Ground, what Foundation is recommended?
a. b. c. d. Mat Isolated Cantilever Grid

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Where will you see the details for the Foundation Anchor Bolts? a. b. c. d. Foundation Plan Base Plate Plan Framing Plan Floor Plan

STRUCTURAL DESIGN
What happens to the Footing when it is starting to deform? a. b. c. d. Bend Upward Cracks at the bottom Bend Downward Cracks at the top

STRUCTURAL DESIGN
For a Residential Project at Rizal with relatively Sloping Ground, what is the most appropriate Structural Support? a. b. c. d. Cantilever Footing on Foundation Wall Isolated Footing on Foundation Wall Firewall Zocalo Wall

STRUCTURAL DESIGN
What is the Main Factor that Determines the Strength of Concrete? Why do we use Tie Beams?

STRUCTURAL DESIGN
Structural Steel Beam/Column Wide Flange is required to be in the Standards of? a. b. c. d. ASTM 38 ASTM 40 ASTM 48 ASTM 30

STRUCTURAL DESIGN
Structural Steel Beam/Column Wide Flange is required to be in the Standards of? a. b. c. d. ASTM 38 ASTM 40 ASTM 48 ASTM 30

STRUCTURAL DESIGN
In connecting Steel Beams to Columns, which is more Structurally Stable? a. b. c. d. Rivet Screw Weld Bolt

STRUCTURAL DESIGN
Spacing of Metal Studs Tension and Compression Zone of an lBeam
What do you call the Vertical and Diagonal Members of a Truss?

STRUCTURAL DESIGN
Which part carries most of the Weight of a Structure? a. b. c. d. Flange of I-Beam Web of I-Beam Flange of H-Beam Web of H-Beam

STRUCTURAL DESIGN
A Large Beam that Supports Secondary Beams. Also known as Primary Beam. What is a Live Load? What is a Restrained Support? Concrete Cover for ?(Columns, Beams, footings)

STRUCTURAL DESIGN
In Reinforced Concrete Beams, which portion is under Tension? a. Top b. Middle c. Bottom

STRUCTURAL DESIGN
ln Reinforced Concrete Beams, which portion is under Compression? a. Top b. Middle c. Bottom

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What do you call the Distance between Supports? Effective Depth of Beam Difference between Pedestal and Column

## Usual Failure of Short Columns

STRUCTURAL DESIGN
As the Depth of a Beam Increases, its ability to resist Bending _________. a. Decreases b. Increases c. No Effect

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For Flat Slab Construction, when additional loading is imposed on the slab, why is there a need to thicken the section at the column?

## Least Dimension of a Column

STRUCTURAL DESIGN
Wood Moisture Content What are Joists? Wooden Joists are subject to Lateral Buckling, and the End Connections Move. However, no adjustments are necessary. Why?

STRUCTURAL DESIGN
What do you call the Design wherein both Steel and Concrete Fail at the Same Time? What Loads are considered for High Rise Buildings?

Earthquakes have Vertical and Lateral Effects on High Rise Structures, which are more Critical?

STRUCTURAL DESIGN
From the Figure, which is most dangerous during an earthquake? a. Rupture b. Shaking c. Sublimation

STRUCTURAL DESIGN
For Buildings with Heavy Exterior Cladding and Hollow Ground Floor, during an Earthquake, the weak floor buckles. This is because the forces are NOT to the other floor. a. b. c. d. Transferred Uniformly Distributed Concentrated Removed

STRUCTURAL DESIGN
From the given pictures/illustrations, identify the Sag rods, Purlins, Honeycomb, Isolated Footing and Core Sample Label

Identify different symbols (Structural Plans) and analyzing the structural plans
Identification of parts from given illustrations: second floor framing plan.

STRUCTURAL DESIGN
How can we determine if the existing slab is structurally sound if there is no data given?

a. b. c. d.

## Core Cylinder Compression Cylinder Steel Cylinder Tension Cylinder

STRUCTURAL DESIGN
Computation of Top Bar, Bottom Bar and Temperature Bars

## Length of Top Bars/Bottom Bars

Spacing of Lateral Ties

## Shear Reduction Factor

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Rebar Length Computation

Identify Rebar Lengths (U3 & U4) Difference between Tension and Compression Elasticity of Steel

STRUCTURAL DESIGN
Flexural stress without axial load a. b. c. d. 0.90fy 0.75fy 0.65fy 0.95fy

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Most economic size of a beam What is Camber? Define the following: wide flange, channel, plate, angle bar, sheet

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What supports the Shear Wall? a. b. c. d. Footing Column Beam Wall

STRUCTURAL DESIGN
What equipment is used for Pile Driving? a. b. c. d. Rotary Drill Pile Hammer Auger Hammer Drill