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1

I B.Tech Regular Examinations, May/Jun 2008

NUMERICAL METHODS

(Aeronautical Engineering)

Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80

Answer any FIVE Questions

All Questions carry equal marks

⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

**1. (a) Find the real root of the equation x3 -x-1=0 using bisection method.
**

(b) Find the root of the equation xex -cosx=0 correct to three decimal places by

regula falsi method . [6+10]

**2. (a) If y=(3x+1)(3x+4)....(3x+22), prove that ∆4 y =136080(3x+13)(3x+16)(3x+19)
**

(3x +22).

(b) Prove that:

i. ∇ = 1 − (1 − ∇)−1 .

ii. (1 + ∆)(1 − ∇) = 1. [8+4+4]

**3. (a) Fit a straight line y=a+bx to the following data. Also estimate the value of
**

y at x=70.

x 71 68 73 69 67 65 66 64

y 69 72 70 70 68 67 68 64

(b) Obtain the least square polynomial approximation of degree one and two for

1

f(x) =x 2 on [0,1] [8+8]

∞

ci Bik (x) uniquely determined by a finite set

P

4. (a) Is a spline of the form S(x)=

i=−∞

of interpolation conditions S(ti ) = yi (0 ≤ i ≤ n)?Why or why not?

R∞ xt

(b) Find the Fourier transform of e−|x| and hence evaluate cos 1+t2

dt. [8+8]

0

5. (a) Fit the Cubic spline for

x 0 1 2

y 1 2 5

**Hence find f(0.75) and f(1.75).
**

Rπ

(b) Dividing the range into 10 equal parts, find the approximate value of sin x dx

0

by

i. Trapezoidal rule

ii. Simpson’s 1/3 rule. [8+8]

1 of 2

given boundary values as follows.2). As shown in Figure 8b. a3 b 3 c 3 z 0 (b) Using Gauss-Jordan method solve. c are the distinct non-zero numbers. y(0. (a) Solve the Laplace’s equation uxx + uyy = 0 for square mesh given u=0 on the 4 boundaries dividing the square into 16 sub-squares of length 1 unit.3).1). 2x-3y+z=-1 x+4y+5z=25 3x-4y+z=2. b. Show rhat the homogeneous system a b c x 0 a2 b2 c2 y = 0 has no non trival solution. (a) If a. Use RK fourth order to find y(0. 1 6.4) using Adam’s method if y(x) is the solution of dx = xy + y 2 given y(0)=1. [8+8] Figure 8b ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 2 of 2 . y(0. (b) Solve ∇2 u = 0 (the two dimensional heat conduction equation in steady-state) at the interior lattice points. (a) Find y(0.Code No: 07A1BS09 Set No. [8+8] dy 7. [8+8] 8. (b) By using Euler’s method compute y′ = 2xy with y(0) = 1.

. .Tech Regular Examinations. [16] 3. Find the root of the equation ex =cotx correct to three decimal places by (a) Bisection method. taking h=0. b. x 150 152 154 156 √ y= x 12. using Lagrange’s interpolation formula.410 12. R1 dx (b) Compute 1+x 2 by using Trapezoidal rule.third rule and hence find the value of 0 .5 and h=0.Code No: 07A1BS09 Set No. Show that the class of all spline functions of degree m have knots x0 . [8+8] 2. (b) Method of false position. a3 b 3 c 3 z 0 1 of 2 . Show rhat the homogeneous system a b c x 0 a2 b2 c2 y = 0 has no non trival solution.329 12. May/Jun 2008 NUMERICAL METHODS (Aeronautical Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1. xn includes the class of polynomials of degree m.5 1 2 4 8 12 y 160 120 94 75 62 56 (b) Fit a straight line to the data below: x 19 25 30 36 40 45 50 [8+8] y 76 77 79 80 82 83 85 4. (a) If a. (a) Evaluate 4x+5 by Simpson’s one. [8+8] 6.247 12. [16] R5 dx 5..loge 5 (n = 10). (a) Fit a parabola to the data: x 0.. x1 .490 Evaluate √ (a) 155 and √ (b) 151. c are the distinct non-zero numbers. 2 I B. Com- 0 pare with exact integration.25. Given the following values in the table.

1) = 1. y(0.2649. [8+8] 8. 2x-3y+z=-1 x+4y+5z=25 3x-4y+z=2. Figure 8a (b) Derive standard five point formula to solve Laplace equation.Code No: 07A1BS09 Set No. y (0. (b) Given 10y′ = x2 +y2 . stating the as- sumptions you make. y(0.K.0954. given y(0)=1 for x = 0. 2 (b) Using Gauss-Jordan method solve. y(0) = 1.1(0.3) = 1. method of fourth order. [8+8] dy 7.1832. [8+8] ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 2 of 2 .4) by Milne’s method. (a) Solve: ∇2 u = 0 for the square mesh. (a) Solve dx = y − 2x y . As shown in Figure 8a.2) = 1. find y (0.1) 0.3 using R.

[8+8] 3. (a) Find the cubic polynomial which takes the following values y(0)=1. for 0 ≤ i ≤ m. Boole’srule. Also obtain y(4). |x| < 1 =0 elsewhere.Tech Regular Examinations. (a) Evaluate 1+x4 by 0 i. y0 ) to a line ax+by=c is (ax0 +by0 −c)((a2 +b2 )−1/2 . correct to three decimal places by (a) Bisection method. [6+10] 4. (b) Method of false position. (b) Find Fourier transform of f (x) = 1 − x2 . May/Jun 2008 NUMERICAL METHODS (Aeronautical Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1.9 (b) The distance from a point (x0 .Code No: 07A1BS09 Set No. y(2)=1 and y(3)=10. y(1)=0. [8+8] R6 x2 dx 5. Solve the equation x2 − logex = 1. yi ). (a) Show that the functions fn(x)=cosnx are generated by this recursive definition: f0 (x) = 1. (b) If the interval of differencing is unity prove that y3 = y2 + ∆y1 + ∆2 y0 + ∆3 y0 . 3 I B. Weddle’s rule ii. Determine a straight line that fits a table of data points(xi . [8+8] 2.9 2. (b) The velocity v of a particle at distance s from a point on its path is given by the following table: S(ft) 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 V[ft/s] 55 68 77 65 69 42 34 Estimate the time taken to travel 60ft using Simpson’s 1/3 rule. (a) Find the equation of a parabola of form y=ax2 +b for the data using method of least squares: x -1 0 1 y 3. in such a way that the sum of the squares of the distances from the points to the line is minimized. f1 (x) = cos x fn+1 (x) = 2f1 (x)fn (x) − fn−1 (x)(n ≥ 1). [8+8] 1 of 2 . compare the result with Simpson’s 3/8 rule.1 0.2.

2x+y+z=10 3x+2y+3z=18 x+4y+9z=16.5) = 4. Iterate until the maximum difference between successive values at any point is less than . 0) = 5 . y(0.005. y(1. (a) Solve the system 2 3 1 y = 13 by LU decomposition method. y = 4 and with boundary conditions u (0. 4) = 6 by taking h = k = 1. [8+8] ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 2 of 2 . solve by Jacobi’s method.5) = 2. y) = 0. Figure 8a 2 (b) Solve: ∇ u = 0 in the square region bounded by x = 0. [8+8] 8.595. 3 1 2 1 x 8 6. (a) Solve the elliptic equation uxx +uyy = 0 for the following square mesh with boundary values as shown in Figure 8a.Code No: 07A1BS09 Set No. x = 4.636 . (b) Solve y′ = 1+xy. y = 0. y) = 12+ y. u (4.968. u (x. y(0) by modified Euler’s method. [8+8] dy 1 7. u (x. (a) Using Milne’s method find y(2) if y(x) is the solution of dx = 2 (x + y) given y(0) = 2. 1 1 0 z 5 (b) Using Gauss-Jordan method solve.y(1) = 3.

55 0.80 1.126. (b) √ If √ √ √ 12500 = 111.65.6 0.5) and y ′ (1). 3x − 4y + 10z = 41 (b) Solve the system of equations by Gauss elimination method 4x + 2y + z = 14.85 -1.15 0. May/Jun 2008 NUMERICAL METHODS (Aeronautical Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1. x + 5y − z = 10.848111.0 y -1. (a) Find the seventh term of the sequence 2. (a) Fit the Cubic spline for x 0 1 2 y -5 -4 3 Hence find y(0. 4 I B.803399. 2x + 10y − 5z = −33. (a) Using Gauss-Jordan method solve 10x − 2y + 3z = 23. 12520 = 111. (a) Fit a straight line to the following data: x 0.35 (b) Fit the least square approximation of second degree for the discrete data below: x -2 -1 0 1 2 [8+8] f(x) 15 1 1 3 19 4. Compare your result by integration.937483 find 12516 by Gauss’s backward formula.20 -0.Tech Regular Examinations.9. with k fixed. x + y + 8z = 20 [8+8] 1 of 2 .217 and also find the general term.2 0. [8+8] 6.0 0. √ 12510 = 111. Prove that every monomial xr .892805. (b) Method of false position. [16] 5. R3 (b) Find the value of (ln x + sin 3x + e−x )dx using Trapezoidal rule and Wed- 0 dle’s rule.Code No: 07A1BS09 Set No.4 0.28. [8+8] 2. can be written as a sum of multiple of the Bik . [6+10] 3. 12530 = 111. Find the root of the equation ex =cotx correct to three decimal places by (a) Bisection method.0 ≤ r ≤ k.8 1.

1.Code No: 07A1BS09 Set No. y) = 4 + y. 0) = (x/2). u (x. solve by Jacobi’s method. (b) Solve ∇2 u = 0 in the region shown below: As shown in Figure 8b. u (4. (a) Using Euler’s method find y (0. 4) = 2x by taking h = k = 1. y = 4 and with boundary conditions u (0. h = 0. [8+8] 8. y) = 0.2. u (x.2) given dy/dx = log(x + y) and y (0) = 1.2 given y (1) = 1. 4 7. (a) Solve: ∇2 u = 0 in the square region bounded by x = 0. (b) Solve by Taylor series method dy/dx = y + x3 for x = 1. 1. [8+8] Figure 8b ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 2 of 2 . y = 0. x = 4.

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