You are on page 1of 100

HOA|TOA

Situation: Filippo Bruneileschi was one of the foremost architects and engineers of the Italian Renaissance. In his earlier days, he lost to his greatest rival in a competition for the design of a pair of bronze doors for the Baptistery in 1401.

Who is his greatest rival?


a. Francisco Bramante b. Arnolfo di Cambia c. Lorenzo Ghiberti d. Michelangelo Buonarroti

HOA|TOA
Situation: Filippo Bruneileschi was one of the foremost architects and engineers of the Italian Renaissance. In his earlier days, he lost to his greatest rival in a competition for the design of a pair of bronze doors for the Baptistery in 1401.

He is perhaps most famous for inventing linear perspective and designing the dome of which famous cathedral?
a. Church of the Holy Wisdom b. Notre Dame Cathedral c. Basilica di Santa Maria del Fiore d. None of the above

Situation: Given a church facade

1. What style was used for the Facade?


a. Renaissance b. Gothic c. Romanesque d. None of the Above

Situation: Given a church facade 2. What type of Arch was used? a. Pseudo Four Centered b. Gothic c. Lancet d. None of the Above

Situation: Given a church facade

3.What type of Architecture was used in the ornaments? a. Renaissance b. Gothic c. Romanesque d. None of the Above

Situation: Hagia Sophia is considered as the epitome of Byzantine architecture and is said to have "changed the history of architecture. " It was the largest cathedral in the world for nearly a thousand years, until Seville Cathedral was completed in 1520. The current building was originally constructed as a church between 532 and 537 on the orders of the Byzantine Emperor Justinian and was the third Church of he Holy Wisdom to occupy the site, the previous two having both been destroyed by rioter. It was designed by the Greek scientists Isidore of Miletus, a physicist, and Anthemius of Tralles, a mathematician. The church contained a large collection of holy relics and featured, among other things, a 49 foot (15 m) silver iconostasis. It was the seat of the Patriarch of Constantinople and the religious focal point of the Eastern Orthodox Church for nearly one thousand years. It is the church in which Cardinal Humbert in 1054 excommunicated Michael I Cerularius - which is commonly considered the start of the Great Schism. In 1453,Constantinople was conquered by the Ottoman Turks under Sultan Mehmed II, who subsequently

The bells, altar, iconostasis, and sacrificial vessel were removed and many of the mosaics were plastered over. Islamic features such as the mihrab, minbar, and four minarets were added while in the possession of the Ottomans. It remained a mosque until 1931 when it was closed to the public for four years. It was reopened in 1935 as a museum by the Republic of Turkey.

1.What was the concept it derived from?


a. Byzantine Architecture

b. Early Christian Architecture c. Islam Architecture d. None of the above

2. There is a prominent series of windows layered in multi-levels of the church. What was the main purpose of the windows?
a. For thermal insulation b. For the play of lights inside the church c. It is for structural stability d. None of the above

Situation: All about the Great Pyramids at Gizah, Egypt try and research how it was constructed

1. The Nile River is the longest river in the world, stretching north for approximately 4,000 miles from East Africa to the Mediterranean. What material was used for the construction of the Pyramids? a. Compacted Sand b. CJ Stones c. Clay d. Mud

1. From the earliest times, the waters of the Nile, swollen by monsoon rains from Ethiopia, flooded the surrounding valleys every year between June and September of the modern calendar. Since most of the Egyptians were farmers, when the Nile was at its highest, they were utilized to build the Pyramids. How did the Egyptians transfer the materials from the production area to the construction?
a. Axle and wheel b. Wooden wheels c. Stone wheels d. Pulley and wedge

3. In terms of construction, what is the similarity of the Pyramid construction with modern day construction?

4. What is the advantage of modern day construction? a. Cheaper in cost b. Designed better c. Faster to build d. More stable

5. The Pyramids at Gizah. What is their dimension? Why are the dead mummified? What is the lowermost chamber called? Method of Construction. What Pyramid is two times the area in Plan of the famous St. Peter's Basilica?

6. The famous Pyramids of Egypt are generally considered to be the world's oldest monumental structures and were built as tombs for the pharaohs. The Rice Terraces of the Philippines are commonly referred to by Filipinos as the "Eight Wonder of the World" and was named as a World Heritage Site in 1995. How are they similar?
a. Both were built by Nomads b. Both were built around 1000 BC c. Both were used for religious purposes d. Both employed a unique construction method

Situation: Temple of Amon, Karnak 1. What kind of Temple? a. Mortuary Temple b. Shrine c. Cult Temple 2. What is the design on the Columns at the Great Hypostyle Hall?
a. Corinthian b. Papyrus c. Palm Capital

3. Columns at the Great Hypostyle Hall were built taller than the rest, why?
a. To direct people to the inner parts of the temple b. To let in subdued light into the temple c. To carry the heavy slab d. For ceremonial purposes

Situation: Figure of Barasoain Church Elevation


is shown

1. What style was used in the columns as seen in the facade?


a. Baroque b. Gothic c. Romanesque d. Renaissance

2. What style was used in the pediment of the church? a. Baroque b. Gothic c. Romanesque d. Renaissance

3. Identify what kind of pediment was used in the facade? a. Baroque b. Gothic c. Romanesque d. Renaissance

4. What is the most striking feature of the church?

a. Bell Tower b. Columns c. Pediment d. Facade

Difference between Romanesque and Gothic Architecture

1. How do Romanesque and Gothic Architecture differ in terms of Structural Elements?


a) Gothic has tympanum below clerestory and

Romanesque has none. b) Gothic has flying buttress to support its height while Romanesque has pillars. c) Gothic is lighter in volume while Romanesque is massive

2. How do Romanesque and Gothic Architecture differ in terms of Openings? a) Gothic has triangular arch while Romanesque has circular
openings b) Gothic has bigger openings compared to Romanesque c) Gothic has circular openings while Romanesque has triangular arch. d) Gothic has smaller openings compared to Romanesque

3. How do Romanesque and Gothic Architecture differ in terms of Architectural Elements?


a) Gothic is centralized in plan while Romanesque is in Latin Cross b) Gothic is richly ornate while Romanesque has stone facade c) Gothic structures are built higher and lighter than Romanesque

4. How do Romanesque and Gothic Architecture differ in terms of Decorative Elements?

4. How do Romanesque and Gothic Architecture differ in terms of Decorative Elements?

Difference' between French Gothic and Spanish Gothic French Gothic: A style of architecture developed in northern France that spread throughout Europe between the 12th and 16th centuries; characterized by slender vertical piers and counterbalancing' buttresses and by vaulting and pointed arches

Spanish Gothic:
The distinctive characteristic of Spanish Gothic cathedrals is their special complexity, with many areas of different shapes leading from each other. A few uniquely Spanish elements added to this otherwise English and French-inspired style were the inclusions of a cloister, a Spanish favorite, and the positioning of the coro (an elaborate set of choir stalls) right in the main nave. Windows that come to a point as well as giant altarpieces, generally carved and multi-colored, are two other Gothic characteristics.

Situation: Muslim Architecture characteristics and distinct features

1. What is used to call people to gather?


a) b) c) d) Mimbar Minaret Mihrab Kaba

2.What is the most striking feature of Muslim Architecture?


a) Minarets b) Tracery windows c) Domes

3) What kinds of windows are prevalent in Muslim Architecture? 4. From what style did Muslim Architects patterned their structures?
a) b) c) d) Renaissance Architecture Gothic Architecture Early Christian Architecture Saracenic Architecture

Situation: Art Nouveau linked with Gothic Architecture. Art Nouveau was inspired by natural forms and structures, not only in flowers and plans, also in curve lines. The Architects tried to be in harmony with the natural environment; while Gothic Architecture was expressed most powerfully in great churches and cathedrals and in a number of civic buildings. Its characteristics appeal to the emotions.

1. Which among the ff. has the best statement about Art Nouveau and Gothic Architect ?
a) Art Nouveau was more expensive than Gothic Architecture b) Art Nouveau used animal skin motifs and Gothic Architecture used them as well c) Art Nouveau used whiplash lines and Gothic Architecture was rude and barbaric d) Art Nouveau was unnatural while Gothic Architecture was characterized by nature

2. Which of the statements is the reason why people stopped the Art Nouveau Movement?
a) Because of the War b) Because it was too expensive c) Modern International Architecture is more practical d) Modern International Architecture is more expensive

3. Which Art Nouveau inspired structure by Antoni Gaudi remains to be unfinished in Spain?
a) b) c) d) Casa Batllo Pare Guell Casa Mila Sagrada Familia

4. What is the difference between the Art Nouveau in Germany (Jugendstijl) and the Art Nouveau in Catalan, Spain (Gaudi's)?
a) Catalan Art Nouveau is Organic with Earth Colors while Jugendstijl is richly decorated. b) Catalan Art Nouveau is colorful and richly decorated while Jugendstijl has more of Perpendicular and Straight Lines.

5. During the period of Revivalism, why did some architects prefer the style of Art Nouveau over the other styles that flourished during that time?
a) Because they rejected Floral Style b) Because Classical Revivalism is expensive and hard to build. c) Because Art Nouveau is unique, hard to reproduce or copy

Situation: The Farnsworth House was designed and


built from 1946 to 1951. Its structure consists of precast concrete floor and roof slabs supported by a carefully crafted steel skeleton frame of beams, girders and columns. The facade is made of single panes of glass spanning from floor to ceiling, fastened to the structural system by steel mullions. The building is heated by radiant coils set in the concrete floor; natural cross ventilation and the shade of nearby trees provide minimal cooling. It is characterized, by its fusion with its outside environment.

1. Who is the architect of the Farnsworth House? a) b) c) d) Le Corbusier Ludwig Mies Van der Rohe Frank Lloyd Wright Louis Sullivan

2. What architectural style did the architect apply in designing the house? a) b) c) d) Modern Organic Classical Modern International Art Nouveau

Situation: Architect Otto Wagner Germany was one of the most distinguished personality in Vienna at turn of the century from the 19th to the 20th. His early commissions were for private houses and office buildings in the Historicizing style exemplified by the 1867 Epstein in Baden.

1. What was the reason why Otto veered from being a Classicist to a 'Modernist?
a) He wants to reinvent himself b) He wants to teach his students in "Akademie der bildenden Kunste" at Vienna something new c) He was commissioned for the project by the government d) He just wanted to do something with what materials were available.

2. In Germany, how was he influenced by the Modern Movement?

3. What was the greatest effect of the Industrialization Movement?

Why does Architect Otto wanted the skyline of Germany be designed with variety in building height or with a play of elevation of buildings?

Situation:

1. In the given illustration, what architectural style was used for the facade?
a) b) c) d) Tudor Gothic Renaissance Romanesque

Situation: 2. In the given illustration, what was used for the Arches? a) b) c) d) Parallel Equilateral Sequential None of the above

Situation: 1. Which Architectural Style is evident in the figure at right a) b) c) d) Romanesque Renaissance Medieval Byzatine

Situation:

2. Which type of Arch was used in the secondary entrances of the structure?
a) b) c) d) Equilateral Segmental Tudor Lancet

Situation: There are modern ways of suppressing earthquakes in terms of building design and innovation. But the traditional Filipino Architecture had long before discovered this in the design of their homes is the traditional Filipino Architecture 1. What
technique that could withstand earthquakes in the Philippines?
a) Putting of rosaries and religious artifacts beneath the foundation. b) Putting stones that serve as rollers beneath the foundation. c) Making use of sturdy and heavy trunks of wood for column foundation. d) Bamboo posts running through roof connected on central apex placed slanted around the exterior walls.

2. What is the raw/natural material that traditional Filipino Architecture used as motifs in the design of their homes? a) b) c) d) Egg shells Capiz shells Mud Bricks Hand-cut stones

Situation: Tawi-Tawi Boat People

1. How is the family arranged in the boat to maintain balance?


a) Single Row b) Clustered in the middle c) By Two's

2. What is used to balance the boat?

a) b) c) d)

Katig Papag Vinta Roof beams where fishnets are attached

3. What is the effect on the people living in the boat? a) It affected their body posture b) They are not good at verbal communications c) They are short

Situation: Structure of Architect Bernini is shown see following figure 1. Identify what kind of columns are used?

2. As shown in the figure, what kind of vault is used in the hallway?


a) b) c) d) Cloister Barrel Fan Groin

3.What style was used in the faade of the entrance way? a) b) c) d) Romanesque Renaissance Gothic Classical Revival

4. Bernini is known for what style? a) b) c) d) Romanesque Gothic Renaissance Classical Revival

Situation: In 1401, a design competition was held for the set of bronze doors for the baptistery of the Cathedral in Florence. The original plan was for the doors to depict scenes from the Old Testament, and the trial piece was the sacrifice of Isaac. However, the plan was changed to depict scenes from the New Testament instead. The winning entry was later dubbed by MichaeIangelo, a hundred years later as the "Gates of Paradise.

1. Who won the commission?


a) b) c) d) Lorenzo Ghiberti Donatello Filippo Brunelleschi Antonio Manetti

Situation: Le Corbusier, also known as Charles-Edouard Jeanneret-Gris explicitly used the Golden ratio in his Modular system for the scale of architectural proportion. 1. How would you describe his architectural style?
a) b) c) d) Modern Classic White Box Neo-Classicism Minimalist

Situation: You were asked to design a Textile factory.

1. What would be your prime consideration when choosing the location of the loading dock?
a) Sun Orientation b) Adjacent Property

Situation: If you have a project site that has a sloping to steep terrain. 2. What expensive method of the site preparation is sometimes inevitable when building in a steep slopped terrain? a) b) c) d) e) Grading Use of Explosives Cut and Fill Using Stilts Mat Foundation

3. What is the maximum angle of a lawn mower? a) b) c) d) 25 deg 30 deg 35 deg 40 deg

4. What is the cheapest way to avoid glare on the windows? a) Provide long canopies b) Provide plants on the plan, boxes fronting the window c) Provide tinted glasses windows

5. What would be the effect if there would be two oppositely located windows on the upper portions of the room?
a) b) c) d) e) Minimal movement of air inside Fast movement of air inside Mat Foundation No air movement Slow movement of air inside

Situation: Given a floor plan of a hotel room to be renovated see following figures 1. Estimate the number of acoustical tiles of 0.60x 1.20 mts. will be needed? 2. Estimate how many wood planks T&G wood will be used? 3. Estimate how many liters of paint will be needed for the interior walls?

Situation: Shown a figure of a complex development floor plans and elevation there are 5 structures of different forms and height see following figures. 1. What would be the most expensive part to construct? 2. What kind of space inter-relation is shown? a) Clustered b) Radial c) Grid d) Centralized

3. Which structure shows a space after the hallway? Situation: Paraline drawings are 3Dimensionaldrawings where parallel lines remain parallel. 1. What do you call a paraline drawing having a 30 degree/60 degree angle?
a) b) c) d) Oblique lsometric Cabinet Cavalier

Situation: Other topics you should know


1. Featured work of Andrea Palladio analyze the work illustration? 2. Many Architects became very active during the Rennaissance Period. Andrea Palladio has become famous among them. What characterizes the Palladian Style of Architecture?
a) b) c) d) Ornate and Decorative Asymmetry Unpredictable Proportions Proportionality

3. Who was the architect of the Dome of the Rock? 4. Who was the architect of Robie House? 5. Who was the architect of Seattle Museum? 6. Who was the architect of the Bank of China Louvre Pyramid and the Rock n Roll HallPei Fame? a) LM. of
b) Richard Ropers c) Frank Lloyd d) Victor Horta

7. For a self-styled "western architect" , and one closely associated with the corporate end, I.M. Pei's most elegant buildings have arguably been his two postretirement, non- western projects. The museum at Suzhou evokes the timber framing and calm serenity of Buddhist temples while the dense stone mass of Doha's Museum of Islamic Art sits somewhere between Ancient Egypt, Byzantium or modernist Baghdad. Is the latter an attempt to address a nonwestern culture, to forge a new language? "I suppose you could call [Doha] something in the middle, a 'middle-Eastern building," Pei laughs -- a boyish giggle that makes him appear oddly ageless. What is a) Use of works & LM. Pei? dominant in theGlass of Steel

b) Use of Geometric Forms c) Use of Triangle

8. What shape is prominent in the Bank of China and Louvre Pyramid?


a) b) c) d) Rectangle Square Triangle Circle

9. Who was the architect of the Carpenter's Center? Function of Brise Soleil 10. Who was the architect of the Tjibao Cultural Center? 11. Who was the architect of the Kuala Lumpur Airport? Tropical Forest Concept? 12. Who was the architect of the Quezon Memorial Pylon?

13.Who was the architect of the Chapel of the Holy Sacrifice? 14.Who was the architect of the New Toronto City Hall? 15.Who was the architect of the Guggenheim Museum at Bilbao? 16.Who was the architect of the Zentralsparkasse Bank at Viena? 17. Who was the architect of the Bank of New York? 18. Who was the architect of the Sony Center? 19. Who was the architect of the Notre Dame du Raincy? 20.Who was the architect of the TWA airport and the Dulles airport? Eero Saarinen? 21.Who is Kenzo Tange? Architecture need not be

22. Who was Vitruvius? - is the author of De Architectura. known today as, The Ten Books on Architecturea treatise written of Latin and Greek on architecture, dedicated to the emperor Augustus. This work is the only surviving major book on architecture from classical antiquity. He is a famous for asserting in Architectura that a structure must exhibit the three qualities of firmitas, utilitas, venustas that is, it must be strong or durable, useful, and beautiful (strength, unity & beauty). According to Vitruvius. architecture is an imitation of nature. As birds and bees built their nests, so human constructed housing from natural materials, that gave them shelter against the elements. When perfecting this art of building, the Ancient Greek invented the architectural orders: Doric, Ionic and Corinthian. It gave them, a sense of proportion, culminating in understanding proportions of the greatest work of art the human body. This led Vitruvius in defining Vitruvian Man, as drawn magnificently by Leonardo da Vinci the human body inscribed in the circle and square (the fundamental

23. What is the law of Indies? To guide and regularize the establishment of presidios (military towns), missions, and pueblo," (civilian towns), King Phillip II developed the first version of the Laws of the indies, a comprehensive guide comprising of 148 ordinances to aid colonists in locating, building and populating settlements. They codified the city planning process and represented some of the first attempts at a general plan. Signed in 1573, the Laws of the Indies are seen as the first wide-ranging guidelines towards design and development of communities. These laws were heavily influenced by VitruviusTen Books Architecture and Alberti's treatises on the subject. 24. Who is regarded as one of the pioneers of modern architecture and is known for his use of the aphorism "less is more"? Ludwig Mies van der Rohe

25.Who was Daniel Burnham? 26.Who said The house is a machine to live in? 27.Study the different Dictums 28.Who is the architect of the San Miguel Building in Ortigas Center? 29.Who was the First Filipino Architect?
a) b) c) d) Juan Nakpil Juan Arellano Tomas Mapua Jose Maria Zaraqosa

30.Who designed the Metropolitan Theater in Manila?

31.What is the Architectural Character of the Metropolitan Theater?


a) b) c) d) Post Modernism Art Nouveau Art Deco Eclectism

32.Deconstructive structure by Frank Gehry in Bilbao


a) Falling Water b) Opera House c) Guggenheim Museum

33.This work is an example of Frank Lloyd Wright Organic Architecture .


a) Falling water b) Petronas Towers c) Dulles Airport

34. Distinctive feature of Frank Lloyd Wright Falling water a) Overhanging Slab b) Falling Water c) Cantilever d) Steps 35. ln the Fallingwater, what is the function of the Overhanging Slab? a) Bedroom b) Terrace c) Living Room d) Dining

36.The use of long Un-braced Canopy by Frank Lloyd Wright for wide openings 37.If the Greeks introduced the concept of proportion during the Classical period, who was the famous architect who reintroduced the concept of proportion in modern times? a) Ludwig Mies Van Der Rohe b) Le Corbusier c) Eero Saarinen d) Frank Lloyd Wright

38.Famous structure designed by the Le Corbusier in Marseilles, France with roughcast concrete as steel frame proved too expensive in light of post-war shortages
a) b) c) d) Unite d Habitation Villa Savoye Notre Dame du Haut Pilotis

39.Who was the architect that made the Chek Lap Kok Airport where Natural Light, Tensioned Membrane and Anthropometrically correct dimensions where emphasized?
a) b) c) d) Eero Saarinen Sir Norman Foster Richard Rogers Fumihiko Maki

40.Who designed the Sagrada Familia?

a) b) c) d)

Antonio Gaudi Pierre Luigi Nervi Leon Bautista Alberti Michaengelo

41. Who designed the interlocking thin shell, shark-like concept that can be seen on the shore of Sydney, Australia? a. Jorn Utzon b. Earo Saarinen c. Norman Foster d. None of the above

42. Who is the father of Prestresses Concrete


a. Jorn Utzon b. Earo Saarinen c. Norman Foster d. Eugene Freyssinet 43. What is the style did Frank Gehry used?

44. Michael Graves (born July 9, 1934) is an American architect. Identified as one of The New York Five, Graves has become a household name with his designs for domestic products sold at Targetstores in the United States. Graves was born in Indianapolis, Indiana. He attended Broad Ripple High School, receiving his diploma in 1950. He earned a bachelor's degree from the University of Cincinnati where he also became a member of the Sigma Chi fraternity, and a master's degree from Harvard University. An architect in public practice in Princeton, New Jersey, since 1964, Graves is also the Robert Schirmer Professor of Architecture, Emeritus at Princeton University. He directs the firm Michael Graves & Associates, which has offices in Princeton and in New York City. In addition to his popular line of household items, Graves and his firm have earned acclaim for a wide variety of commercial and residential buildings and interior design. Graves was elected a Fellow of the American Institute of Architects in 1979. In 1999 Graves was awarded the National Medal of Arts, in 2001 the Gold Medal from the American Institute of Architects, and in 2010 the Topaz Medal from the American Institute of Architects.

In 2003, an infection of unknown origin (possibly bacterial meningitis) left Graves paralyzed from the waist down. He is still active in his practice, which is currently involved in a number of projects; including an addition to the Detroit Institute of Arts, and a large Integrated Resort, Resorts World Sentosa in Singapore. In 2010, Graves was inducted into the New Jersey Hall of Fame. The 2012 Richard H. Driehaus Prize for Classical Architecture has been awarded to Michael Graves and will be presented at a ceremony in Chicago on March 24, 2012.

45.Who was the architect of Sagrada Familia?


The Sagrada Familia was designed by Antoni (Antonio in Spanish) Gaudi (1852-1926) who worked on the project from 1883 and devoted the last 15 years of his life entirely to the endeavor. In 1882, prior to Gaudis involvement, Francese del Villar was commissioned to design a church on the site. He resigned a year later and Gaudi was appointed the project architect, redesigning the project entirely. The project was scheduled to be completed in 2026. A portion of the buildings interior was opened for public worship and tours last September of 2010. On the subject of the extremely long construction period, Gaudi is said to have remarked. My client is not in a hurry

46.In 1903, architects Barry Parker and Raymond Unwin were tasked to translate Ebenezer Howards idea of a Garden City. This project known as the First Garden City is located approximately 35 miles from London. It is also called as : a)Welwyn Garden City b)Letchworn Garden City c)Howards Garden City d)Greenbelt Garden City

47.Eugene Fressinnet is known for


a)Cast in Place Concrete b)Thin Shell Const. c)Prestressed Concrete
48.Richard Buckminster Fuller is known for (geodetic domes) 49.Who is Felix Candella? Thin shell construction using reinforced concrete 50.The "India House" in California looks like
a) b) c) d) 2-storey high pitch roof with porch 2-storey high pitch roof without porch 1-storey high pitch roof with porch 1-storey high pitch roof without porch

51.It is a structure in the middle of Paris designed by a Japanese Architect and is made of reflective glass 52.Who is the Architect of Hongkong Shanghai Bank in Hongkong? a) Jack Frost b) Norman Frost c) Norman Foster d) Jack Foster 53.A building designed by Norman Foster that has the Floating Beam Concept.

54.Sir Norman Foster's most famous work in Hong Kong where he used a diagrid as a structural concept is a) China Bank b) Citibank HQ c) HSBC Bldg d) World Bank 55.What is the location of the Bank of China? 56.Kevin Lynch 57.What is the primary purpose why the Great Wall of China was constructed? 58.The Unitarian Church was created by? (Note: in 1852, Arch. Francis D. Lee made some Gothic Revival addition to the church) 59.Who is the Architect of the Kaufmann House? aka Fallingwater by Frank Lloyd Wright

60. A church "built for all times" after previous churches were damaged by earthquakes in 1863 and 1880.
a) b) c) d) San Sebastian Church Loboc Church Paoay Church San Agustin Church

61. What style mostly influences Philippine Churches? a) Romanesque b) Post-Modern c) Baroque

62. Louis Isadore Kahn (born ltze-Leib Schmuilowsky) (February 20, 1901 or 1902 - March 17, 1974) was a world-renowned American architect of Estonian Jewish oriqin, based in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States. After working in various capacities for several firms in Philadelphia, he founded his own firm in 1935.While continuing his private practice, he served as a design critic and professor of architecture at Yale School of Architecture from 1947 to 1957. From 1957 until his death, he was a professor of architecture at the School of Design at the Universityof Pennsylvania. Influenced by ancient ruins, Kahn's style tends to the monumental and monolithic; his heavy buildings do not hide their weight, their materials, or the way they are assembled. Louis Kahn's works are considered as monumental beyond modernism. The National Assembly Building (Jatiyo Sangshad Bhaban) in Dhaka, Bangladesh is considered as his Magnum Opus.

63.Dictum of Famous Architect." I BELIEVE THAT PEOPLE MAKE NATURAL ASSOCIATION WITH FORMS, COLOR AND THE COMPOSITION OF ELEMENTS WHILE DECORATION AND DETAILING HELP COMMUNICATE WITH A BUILDING'S PURPOSE." a) Michael Graves b) Philip Johnson c) Walter Gropius d) Buckminster Fuller

64.Works of Walter Gropius


65.The Bauhaus school was founded by Walter Gropius in Weimar. In spite of its name, and the fact that its founder was an architect, the Bauhaus did not have an architecture department during the first years of its existence. Nonetheless it was founded with the idea of creating a 'total' work of art in which all arts, including architecture would eventually be brought together. The Bauhaus style became one of the most influential currents in Modernist architecture and modern design. The Bauhaus had a profound influence upon subsequent developments in art, architecture, graphic design, interior design, industrial design, and typography. The school existed in three German cities (Weimar from 1919 to 1925, Dessau from 1925 to 1932 and Berlin from 1932 to 1933), under three different architect-directors: Walter Gropius from 1919 to 1928, Hannes Meyer from 1928 to 1930 and Ludwig Mies van der Rohe from 1930 until 1933. What brought about the closure of the school?

a) b) c) d)

World War 2 No architect successors Disagreement between members The school was a failure

(Although Mies van der Rohe had a disagreement with Hannes Meyer and would not allow any supporters of Hannes Meyer to attend the school, it was actually the Nazis that forced the school's leadership to close shop)

66.Why did the members of Bauhaus migrate to the US?


a) Because of the War b) To teach in Chicago Schools c) Energetic Economy d) More opportunities and liberal views

67.Relation and transition of industrialization with modern architecture

68.A controversial style defined as the ideas of fragmentation, non-rectilinear shapes which serve to distort and dislocate some of the elements of architecture. The finished visual appearance of buildings is characterized by unpredictability and a controlled chaos. a) b) c) d) Deconstructivism International Style Expressionism Modernism

Architectural style originated in Florence. It is the activity, spirit or the time of the humanistic revival of classic art and literature. a) Baroque b) Neoclassicism c) Renaissance d) Rococo Study the characteristics of the Works of Famous Architects: a) Alvar Aalto b) Andrea Palladio c) Peter Behrens

From the given figure, identify the Architectural Style used a) Art Deco b) International Style c) Renaissance d) Modernism An Architectural Style centered on the dissolution and reconstitution of individual characteristics of three dimensional forms, using simplified Geometric Shapes. CUBISM

Modernism is a style characterized primarily by the simplification of form and, the elimination of ornament. The first variants were conceived early in the 20th century. Modern architecture was adopted by many influential architects and architectural educators, however very few "Modern buildings" were built in the first half of the century. It gained popularity after the Second World War and became the dominant architectural style for institutional and corporate buildings for three decades. The exact characteristics and origins of Modern Architecture are still open to interpretation and debate.

In the given figure, what design motif does the drawing represent? a) b) c) d) Renaissance Art Deco Neo-classicism Greek

The Lancet Style. The style of Early English


architecture distinguished by its use of the lancet arch; sometimes called First Pointed Gothic. The Flamboyant Style. Its most conspicuous feature is the dominance in stone window tracery of a flamelike Sshaped curve. Wall surface was reduced to the minimum to allow an almost continuous window expanse. Structural logic was obscured by covering buildings with elaborate tracery. Attractive French examples include Notre Dame d'Epine near Chalons-sur-Marne, Saint-Maclou in Rauen (1500-14), and the northern spire of Chartres Cathedral. Spanish Flamboyant architects developed their own intricate forms of vaulting with curvilinear patterns; the Capilla del Condestable in Burgos Cathedral (1482-94) and Segovia Cathedral (begun 1525) provide examples. Flamboyant Gothic, which became increasingly ornate, gave way in

Questions on the Russian architectural style Questions on Gothic architecture

What are the obvious characteristics of a Gothic Cathedral?


a) Pinnacles b) Richly Finials c) Spires Ornate