You are on page 1of 5

(Introduction)(history) Islam is the official religion of the country.

Islam was brought to the world by Prophet Muhammad, who was born in Mecca on 20 April 570AD. Islam means submission to God. The basis for Islamic doctrine is found in the Quran. It is the scripture of Islam written by Prophet Muhammad and his disciples as dictated by the Angel Gabriel which lasted for about 23 years. An adherent of Islam is called a Muslim. Muslims believe that God is one and incomparable and the purpose of existence is to love and serve God. Muslims also believe that Islam is the complete and universal version of a primordial faith that was revealed at many times and places before, including through Abraham, Moses and Jesus, whom they consider prophets. Religious concepts and practices include the five pillars of Islam, which are basic concepts and obligatory acts of worship, and following Islamic law.

(Principle) The true faithful Muslim believes in the Rukun Iman, Principle Articles of Faith: Belief in One God Allah Islam's most fundamental concept is a rigorous monotheism, called tawhid . They belief in One God Allah. God is described in the Qur'an as "Say: He is God, the One and Only; God, the Eternal, Absolute; He begetteth not, nor is He begotten; And there is none like unto Him." Muslims repudiate the Christian doctrine of the Trinity and divinity of Jesus, comparing it to polytheism, but accept Jesus as a prophet. In Islam, God is beyond all comprehension and Muslims are not expected to visualize God. God is described and referred to by certain names or attributes, the most common being Al-Rahmn, meaning "The Compassionate" and Al-Rahm, meaning "The Merciful" Belief in Angels of Allah Belief in angels is fundamental to the faith of Islam. According to the Qur'an, angels do not possess free will, and worship God in total obedience. Angels' duties include communicating revelations from God, glorifying God, recording every person's actions, and taking a person's soul at the time of death. They are also thought to intercede on man's behalf. The Qur'an describes angels as "messengers with two or more than two wing Belief in the holy books of Allah The Islamic holy books are the records which most Muslims believe were dictated by God to various prophets. Muslims believe that the verses of the Qur'an were revealed to Muhammad by God through the archangel Gabriel on many occasions between 610 CE until his death on June 8, 632 CE. While Muhammad was alive, all of these revelations were written down by his companions, although the prime method of transmission was orally through memorization. After the death of Muhammad, it was compiled in the time of Abu Bakr, the first caliph, and was standardized under the administration of Uthman, the third caliph. The Qur'an is divided into 114 chapters, which combined, contain 6,236

verses. The Qur'an is more concerned with moral guidance than legal instruction, and is considered the "sourcebook of Islamic principles and values". To Muslims, the Qur'an is perfect only as revealed in the original Arabic; translations are necessarily deficient because of language differences, the fallibility of translators, and the impossibility of preserving the original's inspired style. Belief In prophets of Allah Muslims identify the prophets of Islam as those humans chosen by God to be his messengers. According to the Qur'an the descendants of Abraham and Imran were chosen by God to bring the "Will of God" to the peoples of the nations. Muslims believe that prophets are human and not divine, though some are able to perform miracles to prove their claim. Islamic theology says that all of God's messengers preached the message of Islamsubmission to the Will of God. The Qur'an mentions the names of numerous figures considered prophets in Islam, including Adam, Noah, Abraham, Moses and Jesus, among others. However, Muslims believe that God finally sent Muhammad to convey the divine message to the whole world. Belief In the last Day of Judgment Muslim belief in the "Day of Judgment. They believe the time of Day of Judgment is preordained by God but unknown to man. The trials and tribulations preceding and during the Day of Judgment are described in the Qur'an and the hadith, and also in the commentaries of scholars. The Qur'an emphasizes bodily resurrection, a break from the pre-Islamic Arabian understanding of death. On Day of Judgment, Muslims believe all mankind will be judged on their good and bad deeds. The Qur'an lists several sins that can condemn a person to hell, such as disbelief and dishonesty; however, the Qur'an makes it clear God will forgive the sins of those who repent if He so wills. Good deeds, such as charity and prayer, will be rewarded with entry to heaven. Muslims view heaven as a place of joy and bliss, with Qur'anic references describing its features and the physical pleasures to come. Mystical traditions in Islam place these heavenly delights in the context of an ecstatic awareness of God. Belief in fact or destiny. Islam belief in fact or destiny. Muslim believe God has full knowledge and control over all that occurs. This is explained in Qur'anic verses such as "Say: 'Nothing will happen to us except what Allah has decreed for us: He is our protector' For Muslims, everything in the world that occurs, good or evil, has been preordained and nothing can happen unless permitted by God. According to Muslim theologians, although events are pre-ordained, man possesses free will in that he has the faculty to choose between right and wrong, and is thus responsible for his actions. According to Islamic tradition, all that has been decreed by God is written in al-Lawh al-Mahfz, the "Preserved Tablet".

(Believe in) The true faithful Muslim believes in the Rukun Islam, the Five Pillars of Islam: There is no God other than Allah d Muhammad the Prophet of Allah. Shahadah is the professing of monotheism and accepting of Muhammad as God's messenger. The shahadah is a set statement normally recited in Arabic"I testify that there is no god except Allah and Muhammad is the messenger of God." Reciting this statement is a key part in a person's conversion to Islam. Prayers must be done five times a day towards the direction of Mecca. Islamic prayers is call Salat. Salat consists of five daily prayers according to the Quran: Fajr, Zuhr,Asir,Maghrib, and Isha'a. Fajr is performed before the light of dawn, Zhur is performed in the mid day when the sun is at its highest above you, Isha'a is the evening prayer. All of these prayers are recited while facing the Ka'bah in Mecca. Muslims must wash themselves before prayer, this washing is called Wudu. The prayer is accompanied by a series of set positions including; bowing with hands on knees, standing, prostrating and sitting in a special position (not on the heels, nor on the buttocks). The observance of fast during the month of Ramadan. This develops self-control, devotion to God and identify with the needy. Swam of Ramadan is a month that Muslims must abstain from food and drink from dawn to dusk during this month, and are to be especially mindful of other sins. Ritual fasting is an obligatory act during the month of Ramadan. Muslim cannot obtain food and drink from dawn to dusk unless they suffers from a medical condition which prevents them from doing so. Swam is to allow Muslims to seek nearness to God, to express their gratitude to and dependence on him, atone for their past sins, and to remind them of the needy. Zakat is the practice of charitable giving by Muslims based on accumulated wealth, and is obligatory for all who are able to do so. It is considered to be a personal responsibility for Muslims to ease economic hardship for others and eliminate inequality. Zakat consists of spending 2.5% of one's wealth for the benefit of the poor or needy, including slaves, debtors and travelers. A Muslim may also donate more as an act of voluntary charity, rather than to achieve additional divine reward. There are two main types of Zakat. First, there is the kajj, which is a fixed amount. Second, there are five principles that should be followed when giving the Zakat: The giver must declare to God his intention to give the Zakat. The Zakat must be paid on the day that it is due. After the Offering, the payer must not exaggerate on spending his money more than usual means payment must be in kind. This means if one is wealthy then he or she needs to pay 2.5% of their income. If a person does not have much money, then they should compensate for it in different ways, such as good deeds and good behavior toward others. The Zakat must be distributed in the community from which it was taken.

The Hajj is a pilgrimage that occurs during the Islamic month of Dhu al-Hijjah to the holy city of Mecca. Muslims are expected to make the pilgrimage to Mecca at least once in their lifetime if they have the means to do it and are physically capable of the trip. The main rituals of the Hajj include walking seven times around the Kaaba, touching the Black Stone, traveling seven times between Mount Safa and Mount Marwah, and symbolically stoning the Devil in Mina. The pilgrim is honored in the Muslim community. Hajj should be an expression of devotion to God, not a means to gain social standing. Pilgrim should be self-aware and examine their intentions in performing the pilgrimage. This should lead to constant striving for self-improvement.

(Important terms in Islamic behavior) Taqwa is a Islamic concept of self-awareness which in a broad sense involves thankfulness and respect for God and his creation. The meaning of taqwa is protect or preserve self from danger and evil and distance oneself from the evil. Iman is refers to the inner aspect of the religion, and denotes a believer's faith in the metaphysical realities of Islam. According to Quran, Iman must be accompanied by believe in Allah, bow to Him, be faithful to Him and total submission to Him. Ihsan is the Muslim responsibility to obtain perfection, or excellence, in worship, such that Muslims try to worship God as if they see Him, and although they cannot see Him, they undoubtedly believe that He is constantly watching over them. Ihsan meaning is to do beautiful things such as beautify your behavior with complete faith and beautify your behavior justly.

(There are two main groups of Muslims are Sunni and Shia.) Sunni Islam is referred to as the orthodox version of the religion. The word "Sunni" comes from the term Sunnah which refers to the sayings and actions of Muhammad that are recorded in hadiths. The primary hadith collections is in conjunction with the Quran. It is the form the basis of all jurisprudence methodologies within Sunni Islam. Laws are derived from the text of the Quran and the hadith, in addition to using methods of juristic reasoning and consensus. There is a multitude of scholarly opinions in each field. Shia Islam is based on the teachings of the Quran and the message of the Islamic prophet Muhammad. In contrast to other schools of thought, the Shia believe that only God has the right to choose a representative to safeguard Islam. For this reason, the Shias look to Ali, whom they consider divinely appointed, as the rightful successor to Muhammad, and the first imam. The Shia believe that there are numerous narrations where Muhammad selected Ali as his successor.

(The Islamic Holy Boks) The Quran contains the words of Allah s.w.t. passed on to Prophet Muhammad. Muslims believe the Quran to be verbally revealed through angel Jibrl from God to Muhammad gradually over a period of approximately 23 years beginning in 610 CE, when Muhammad was 40, and concluding in 632 CE, the year of his death. Shortly after Muhammad's death the Quran was compiled into a single book by order of the first Caliph Abu Bakr and at the suggestion of his future successor Umar. The Hadis: It is a record of the words, actions, behavior, character and admissions of Prophet Muhammad. Muslims regard the Quran as the main miracle of Muhammad, the proof of his prophethood[13] and the culmination of a series of divine messages that started with the messages revealed to Adam, regarded in Islam as the first prophet,and continued with the Suhuf Ibrahim, the Tawrat of Moses, the Zabur of David and the Injil of Jesus. The Quran describes itself as a book of guidance, sometimes offering detailed accounts of specific historical events, and often emphasizing the moral significance of an event over its narrative sequence. The Hadith is a record of the words, actions, behavior, character and admissions of Prophet Muhammad. Hadith are regarded by traditional Islamic schools of jurisprudence as important tools for understanding the Quran and in matters of jurisprudence. Hadith were evaluated and gathered into large collections during the 8th and 9th centuries. These works are referred to in matters of Islamic law and history to this day. The two largest denominations of Islam, Shia and Sunni, have different sets of hadith collections.

(Public Holidays: Hari Rayr Puasa, Hari Raya aji, Awal Muharram, Prophet Muhammad;s Birthday,)