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Code No: R05221302 Set No.

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II B.Tech II Semester Supplimentary Examinations, Aug/Sep 2007
TRANSUDCERS
(Electronics & Control Engineering)
Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80
Answer any FIVE Questions
All Questions carry equal marks
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1. (a) Explain the phenomenon of Hesteresis in measurement system. [6]
(b) What are the transfer characteristics of a transducer? [10]

2. (a) Discuss the performance of a second order system when subjected to a step
input. [10]
(b) What is meant by critical damping conditions of a system. [6]

3. (a) Explain the construction and working details of RTD. [8]
(b) Distinguish between platinum RTDs and Base metal RTDs. [8]

4. (a) Discuss the factors limiting the bandwidth and sensitivety of alinear ? variable
differential transformer. [8]
(b) Describe how a synchro pair can be used for canvaying angular displacements
to a distinct point. [8]

5. Draw the schematic diagram of a parallel plate capacitive transducer and explain
how it is useful for measuring linear displacement. Describe the same using different
methods. [16]

6. (a) Derive the expression for impulse response of piezo electric transducers. [8]
(b) Sketch the response curves. [8]

7. (a) What is meant by ‘The Force-balance principle’ ? [6]
(b) List out the advantages and the disadvantages of Force-balance transducers
and briefly explain their working with relevant diagrams. [10]

8. What is ment by Cold junction compensation and how it is implemented in indus-
trial thermocouple? [16]

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0 21. [12] (b) A temperature sensing device can be modeled as a first order system with a time constant of ‘6’ Sec.0 51.5 2.0 16.0 41.0 [16] output Voltage mv (Vs=0. (b) Describe the steps used when measuring unknown resistance.5 3.d.5 1.90 expressed with repected to current in the secondary of standard transformer as the reference.5 56. Time Response iv. Range iii. With current in the secondary of the standard transfer- mer adjusted at its rated value.5V using the calibration results given in the table estimate.Code No: R05221302 Set No.0 CM and a standard supply voltage VS = 0. Viscous friction. 2 II B.0 0.0 to 5.0 2.5 55. (a) Explain the mutual Inductance method for testing of a potential transformer. it is suddently subjected to a step inout of 250 C − 1000 C.5) 0.6) 0. i.05e−J/26.0 2. Aug/Sep 2007 TRANSUDCERS (Electronics & Control Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1. The current in the middle conducter ∆I = 0. [8] 1 of 2 .0 65. Stiffness iii. (a) Derive the differential equations describing the dynamics of mechanical spring ? mass .5 32.0 70.r. A displacement sensor has an input range of 0. Find RCF and phase angle error of transformer under test.damper system for. [6] 4. What temperature will indicate in 10s after the process has started. [4] 3. (b) The slope K of the ideal straight line.005 and phase error +8.s. Sensitivety ii.5 74.t to Thermisters.0 output Voltage mv(Vs=0.0 44.0 1. Reference Compensation. [10] i. (a) Explain the following w. Mass ii.Tech II Semester Supplimentary Examinations. It is known that the standard transformer has a ratio currection factor of 1.5 55. (a) The max non-linearity as a percentage of f. Displacement X CM 0. [8] (b) Two current transformers of the same nominal ratio 500/5A are tested by Silsbee method.

(a) Explain briefly the methods used to measure the output from thermocouples. [8] ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 2 of 2 . calculate the induced emf. How the piezoelectric pick-up will differ in measurement of force. [8] 8. with velocity compensation.14mV at 11000 C. pressure and torque. [8] (b) Discuss the problems encountered while measuring small displacements by capacitive transducers.Code No: R05221302 Set No. 2 5. [8] 6. (a) List out the advantages and the disadvantages of Force-balance transducers and briefly explain about them. (a) Show how output voltage signals proportional to linear displacements im- parted to the movable plate of a parallel plate capacitor. [8] (b) Explain the dynamic performance of feedback type acceleration transducer to sinusoidal excitation. [8] (b) A chromel-alumel thermocouple having a linear relationship between tempera- ture and emf indicates zero at 00 C and 45. [16] 7. The thermocouple is exposed to a temperature of 8400 C with cold junction maintained at 250 C.

the Resolution of Instrument. [4] (b) Describe the construction and operational features of a microsyn. The resistance of slidwire is 400 Ω and its length is 200 cm. [8] (b) Derive the expression At =Am (1− ∈ r) Where At= true value. [10] 4. Determine the change in frequency of the oscillator after the pressure is applied to the transducer. and show why they are popular for measurement of linear and angular displacements. [6] (b) A Basic slide wire potentiometer has a working battery voltage of 3. Calculate i. [8] (b) A pressure-measuring instrument used a capacitive transducer having a spac- ing of 4mm between its diaphragms. The Resistance of series rheostat. [4] 3.018v. Aug/Sep 2007 TRANSUDCERS (Electronics & Control Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1. The trans- ducer. (a) Differentiate the terms accuracy and precision. A pressure of 600kN/m2 produces an average deflection of 0. The measurement rnage and iv.0 V with negligible internal resistance. [8] 2. iii. Standard cell with the sliding contact at the 101. [8] 1 of 2 . (a) What do you mean by a true zero of a potentiometer. (a) How the capacitive transducer useful for measuring displacement using the principle of change in dielectric constant. [12] (b) A temperature sensing device can be modeled as a first order system with a time Constant of 6s.1500 C. 3 II B. It is suddenly subjected to a step input of 250 C . What temperature will be indicated in 10s after the process has started. (a) Obtain the differential equation and transfer function of liquid filled ther- mometer. working current ii. The slide wire has 1 mm scale divisions and it is possible to read upto 1/5 a division.3mmmof the diaphragm of the transducer.8 cm mark on scale.Code No: R05221302 Set No. Am= mea- sured value of the quantity. which has a capacitance of 300pf before application of pressure and is connected in an oscillator circuit having a frequency of 100 kHz.Tech II Semester Supplimentary Examinations. [12] 5. (a) What do you mean by variable reluctance transducer. The Instrument is standardized with 1. A 200 cm scale is placed along the slide wire.

[8] 7.5mm is sub- jected to a force of 1kg. (a) What is meant by ‘The Force-balance principle’ ? [6] (b) List out the advantages and the disadvantages of Force-balance transducers and briefly explain their working with relevant diagrams. (a) Where are bimetallic elements used as temperature sensors? [8] (b) Explain the construction and working of bimetallic temperature transducers. [8] ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 2 of 2 . 3 6.Code No: R05221302 Set No. [10] 8. Calculate the voltage it develops. [8] (b) Describe briefly about the pressure measurement using piezoelectric effect. (a) A piezoelectric pick-up having a dimension of 5mm × 5mm × 1.

1500 C. [4] 3. 4 II B.Code No: R05221302 Set No. Assuming both the strain gauges are identical derive the sensitivety of the bridge. (a) Explain how a synchro pair used as a mechanical follower. (a) How moisture is measured using capacitive transducer? [8] (b) How is the absolute humidity measured by using capacitive transducer? [8] 6. What are the dif- ferent standard inputs given to the measuring system for evaluation of its parameters? [12] (b) Distinguish between Resolution and Threshold. [16] 4. with velocity compensation. Discuss the salient features of the arrangement. [8] 8. [8] (b) Explain the dynamic performance of feedback type acceleration transducer to sinusoidal excitation. [8] ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1 of 1 .Tech II Semester Supplimentary Examinations. Two active strain gauges are connected in series in one of the arms of a wheat stone bridge network and the bridge is adjusted initially for balance. It is suddenly subjected to a step input of 250 C . (a) Derive the expression for impulse response of piezo electric transducers. [8] (b) Sketch the response curves. [12] (b) Expalin the basic principle of operation of synchros. What temperature will be indicated in 10s after the process has started. [4] 5. [8] (b) What is meant by cold junction compensation of a thermocouple? How is it carried out in practice? . (a) Obtain the differential equation and transfer function of liquid filled ther- mometer. [12] (b) A temperature sensing device can be modeled as a first order system with a time Constant of 6s. [4] 2. (a) what do you mean by the order of a measuring system.Explain. [8] 7. Aug/Sep 2007 TRANSUDCERS (Electronics & Control Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1. (a) List out the advantages and the disadvantages of Force-balance transducers and briefly explain about them. (a) Sketch the thermoelectric characteristics of commonly used industrial thermo- couples.