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and derivation of

Change entropy:

Number of moles: 2 n A 1 n B

Volume mixture: 3 Volume A: 1 Volume B: 2

dS is given by from 10.3 in Zumdahl:

So change in entropy for A and B due to increase volume for them in the environment is:

For A:

1 2

2

1

ln

V V

V

S nR

V

A =

Since T is constant since there is no attraction between ideal molecules and speed of melocules are

unchanged and E is from 5.6 in zumdahl given both by :

And:

We have that kinetic energy are both function of v and T so if dT=0 then dv=0

So for ideal gas mixture T is constant and partial pressure for each component due to increase in V is

given like this:

Since

nRT

V

p

= and T is constant. We can say that in a mixture of ideal gases because of no

interaction each component get larger volume to travel in hence entropy increases. Also pressure

from each component decreases because of increase in V from ideal gas law we get entropy change

for each component to be:

1 2

2 1 1

2 2

1

ln ln ln

V V

nRT

p p nRT p

S nR nR nR

nRT

p nRT p

p

A = = = (a)

(a) Becomes from explanation above (a)

1 1

2 2,

ln ln

i

p p

nR nR

p p

= (b)

,2

2

i

i

n RT

p

V

= so that

,2

2

i

i

i

i

n RT

p

V

=

we know that this occurs at constant pressure therefore:

,2 1 i

i

p p =

so

1

2

nRT

p

V

=

And change in entropy given in (b) becomes:

1 2

1 2

,2

2

ln ln ln ln

V V i i i

i

i i i

nRT

p V nRT n

S nR n R n R n R

n RT

p n RT n

V

A = = = =

We use

log ( )

l

x

x A and l I = A = log ( )

m

x

x and m II = B B =

log ( )

n

x

x and n III

B B

A A

= =

m

n m l m

l

l

x

x

x x

x

x

B

= = =

A

= lo g g lo log

x x x

m n

B

l = = A

A

B

And also used

( )

ln ln ln ln ln ln

a b

a b b a

b a

= = =

And we get:

1 2

ln

i

V V i

n

S n R

n

From derivation of

constant p. Seperating again components would only decrease volume for each component and

therefore assuming ideal gases no attractive forces would require extra work and since T for ideal

gases are proportional with kinetic of molecules

One get that since p and T are constant then work can be defined the following way:

Therefore work for seprating components is dG=TdS=TdS(mix).

Do you agree with this derivation?

I would assume that if p(sys)=p(surr) and T(sys)=T(sur) then work of separation of elements in a

compound is dw=dG. Is that true?

And what if () () () () What happens to separation work then?

And from earlier assignment about this

Answer sheet:

S = -Rn

i

*lnx

i

= -8,314 * (5,68*ln(5,68/52,56) + 46,88*ln(46,88/52,56)) = 149,6 J/K

W = G = H-TS, H =0

W = -TS = -298K*133,4J/K = 44,6 KJ

It seems it is an typing error in green above?

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