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# Code No: RR320104 Set No.

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III B.Tech II Semester Supplimentary Examinations, Aug/Sep 2007
WATER RESOURCES ENGINEERING-II
(Civil Engineering)
Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80
All Questions carry equal marks
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## 1. (a) Define Reservoir. Discuss various types of reservoirs. Distinguish between

single purpose and multipurpose reservoirs.
(b) What are the preliminary investigations involved in the planning of a reservoir.
[8+8]

2. (a) Explain under what circumstances would you adopt a gravity dam and earth-
ern dam.
(b) What are the factors which effect the selection of type of a dam. Explain.
[8+8]

3. A concrete gravity dam has maximum water level 305m, bed level 225m, top R.L
of dam 309m, d/s face slope starts at R.L 300m, d/s slope 2:3, tail water is nil,
upstream face of dam is vertical, center line of drainage gallery is 8m d/s of u./s
face, uplift pressure is 100% at heel, 50% at line of gallery and zero at toe. Weight of
concrete is 2.4 t/m3 . Considering only weight, water pressure and uplift, determine

## (a) maximum vertical stresses at the toe and heel of dam

(b) major principal stresses at toe of dam and
(c) Intensity of shear stress on a horizontal plane near the toe. [16]

## 4. (a) Explain the functions of

i. core
ii. shell
iii. upstream blanket
iv. toe drain. [8]
(b) Derive an expression for the flow through an earth dam section based on the
theory of flownet. State the important assumptions made. [8]

5. (a) Compare and contrast standard crested shaft spillway and Flat crested shaft
spillway.
(b) Determine the discharge through a chute spillway of ogee crest. Length of
spillway is 250m. Height of spillway crest above u/s approach channel is 10
m. Width of approach channel is 250 m and depth of water over spillway crest
is 5m. Assume coefficient of discharge as 2.5 neglecting velocity of approach.
[8+8]

## 6. (a) Discuss energy dissipation below spillways.

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Code No: RR320104 Set No. 1
(b) What is Hydraulic Jump? Describe hydraulic jump Computations by giving
different expressions involved in it. [8+8]

## 7. (a) Explain the procedure of designing straight glacis fall.

(b) Describe with sketch, the working of crump?s open flume outlet. [8+8]

8. (a) What is a cross drainage work. What are different types of cross drainage
works.
(b) Describe with a neat sketch aqueduct. [8+8]

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Code No: RR320104 Set No. 2
III B.Tech II Semester Supplimentary Examinations, Aug/Sep 2007
WATER RESOURCES ENGINEERING-II
(Civil Engineering)
Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80
All Questions carry equal marks
⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

1. (a) Discuss the various factors that govern the selection of site for a reservoir.
(b) Describe different storage zones of a reservoir with the help of a neat sketch.
[8+8]

2. (a) Discuss the geological and topographical features which effect the selection of
type of dam. [8]
(b) Differentiate between:
i. Overflow and Non-overflow dam
ii. Low dam and high dam
iii. Rigid and Non-Rigid dam
iv. Storage Dam and Diversion dam [8]

## 3. (a) Write short notes on

i. Joints in concrete gravity dam and
ii. Hydrodynamic pressure acting on a gravity dam.
(b) Design the practical profile of a gravity dam with the following data.
R.L of base of dam = 1320
R.L of HFL = 1355
Specific gravity of dam material = 2.4
Height of waves = 1m
Safe compressive stress = 120 t/m2 . [8+8]

4. (a) Describe a typical zoned earth dam with the help of a neat sketch. Also
describe the significance of various zones in zoned dams.
(b) A homogeneous earthen dam is 21.5m high and has a free board of 1.5m. A
flow net was constructed and the following results were noted.
Number of potential drops = 12
Number of flow channels =3
The dam has a horizontal filter of 15m length at its drawdown end. Calculate
the discharge per metre length of the dam if the coefficient of permeability of
the dam material is 2.7 × 10−3 cm/sec. [8]

5. (a) Explain the qualities of a good siphon. Describe with the help of a sketch, the
working of a volute siphon.

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Code No: RR320104 Set No. 2
(b) A siphon spillway has height of the throat 1.5m and width of throat 4 m.
At the design flow, the tail water elevation is 7m below the summit of the
siphon and the head water elevation is 2 m above the summit. Taking cd
as 0.6 and treating siphon as a mouthpiece determine the capacity of siphon.
Also determine the head that would be required on an ogee spillway 3.8m long
to discharge this flow if cd is 2.25. What length of this ogee weir would be
required to discharge the same flow with a head of 2.2m on the crest, assuming
the cd to be constant as 2.25. [8+8]

6. (a) Discuss the different conditions governing the relationship between JHC and
TWC and the corresponding energy dissipation arrangement required.
(b) Describe different stilling basin appurtenances. [8+8]

7. Design crest wall and cistern of a sarda type fall on a channel of 15 cumecs, bed
width 18m, depth 1.5m, U/S FSL 101m, bed level is 99.5m, No supply Level is
90.00m, Fall 1.0m, side slope is 1/2 :1. Assume suitable missing data. [16]

## 8. (a) Distinguish between:

i. Aqueduct and syphon aqueduct
ii. Canal syphon and super passage
(b) Describe super passage with the help of neat sketch. [8+8]

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Code No: RR320104 Set No. 3
III B.Tech II Semester Supplimentary Examinations, Aug/Sep 2007
WATER RESOURCES ENGINEERING-II
(Civil Engineering)
Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80
All Questions carry equal marks
⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

1. (a) Discuss the various factors that govern the selection of site for a reservoir.
(b) Describe different storage zones of a reservoir with the help of a neat sketch.
[8+8]

2. (a) Discuss the relative advantages and disadvantages of gravity dam, arch dam,
buttress dam and earth dam.
(b) Enumerate the various considerations in the selection of type of dam with
specific emphasis on topography. [8+8]

## 3. (a) It is proposed to construct a gravity dam at a particular river site. Enumerate

and explain the various steps needed to carry out the construction.
(b) Discuss various modes of failure of a gravity dam in detail. [8+8]

4. (a) Discuss the checks that are required to be made to investigate the stability of
an earthen dam.
(b) Give a suitable design for a 20m high dam for a site where both clay silt and
sand gravel are available in abundance and where foundation is pervious to a
depth of 10m. Assume suitable data. Give reasons favouring the suggested
design. [8+8]

5. (a) Enumerate various types of spillways and how they are selected for individual
conditions. Describe in detail the most widely used type.
(b) What is the purpose of providing gates on spillway. What are the factors
which determine the type of gate to be installed over a spillway crest. [8+8]

## 6. (a) Discuss energy dissipation below spillways.

(b) What is Hydraulic Jump? Describe hydraulic jump Computations by giving
different expressions involved in it. [8+8]
7. Design crest wall and cistern of a sarda type fall on a channel of 15 cumecs, bed
width 18m, depth 1.5m, U/S FSL 101m, bed level is 99.5m, No supply Level is
90.00m, Fall 1.0m, side slope is 1/2 :1. Assume suitable missing data. [16]
8. (a) Discuss the factors governing the suitable type of a cross drainage work.
(b) Describe syphon aqueduct with a neat sketch. [8+8]

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Code No: RR320104 Set No. 4
III B.Tech II Semester Supplimentary Examinations, Aug/Sep 2007
WATER RESOURCES ENGINEERING-II
(Civil Engineering)
Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80
All Questions carry equal marks
⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

## 1. (a) Define Reservoir. Discuss various types of reservoirs. Distinguish between

single purpose and multipurpose reservoirs.
(b) What are the preliminary investigations involved in the planning of a reservoir.
[8+8]
2. (a) Describe the effect of wave pressure and silt pressure on gravity dams with
the help of neat sketches.
design of gravity dams. [8+8]
3. (a) Prove that the maximum shear stress intensity in on elementary profile is twice
that the average.
(b) How will you check the stability of the gravity dam section for reservoir full
condition. [8+8]
4. (a) Write a detailed note on filter criteria for earth dam.
(b) State classificaton rolled fill dam. Why the zoned earth dam is considered
superior to other types. [8+8]
5. (a) Explain the qualities of a good siphon. Describe with the help of a sketch, the
working of a volute siphon.
(b) A siphon spillway has height of the throat 1.5m and width of throat 4 m.
At the design flow, the tail water elevation is 7m below the summit of the
siphon and the head water elevation is 2 m above the summit. Taking cd
as 0.6 and treating siphon as a mouthpiece determine the capacity of siphon.
Also determine the head that would be required on an ogee spillway 3.8m long
to discharge this flow if cd is 2.25. What length of this ogee weir would be
required to discharge the same flow with a head of 2.2m on the crest, assuming
the cd to be constant as 2.25. [8+8]
6. (a) Discuss various methods used for energy dissipation below spillways.
(b) Calculate discharge over a spillway, crest length 100m, wherein water flow
depth changes from 1m to 4m in hydraulic jump formation in stilling fasin.
[8+8]
7. (a) Explain the procedure of designing sarda type fall.
(b) What do you understand by flexibility of an outlet. Derive an expression for
the same. [8+8]

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Code No: RR320104 Set No. 4
8. (a) What is a Level crossing. Explain it with the help of a neat sketch. What are