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1

III B.Tech II Semester Supplimentary Examinations, Aug/Sep 2007

WATER RESOURCES ENGINEERING-II

(Civil Engineering)

Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80

Answer any FIVE Questions

All Questions carry equal marks

⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

single purpose and multipurpose reservoirs.

(b) What are the preliminary investigations involved in the planning of a reservoir.

[8+8]

2. (a) Explain under what circumstances would you adopt a gravity dam and earth-

ern dam.

(b) What are the factors which effect the selection of type of a dam. Explain.

[8+8]

3. A concrete gravity dam has maximum water level 305m, bed level 225m, top R.L

of dam 309m, d/s face slope starts at R.L 300m, d/s slope 2:3, tail water is nil,

upstream face of dam is vertical, center line of drainage gallery is 8m d/s of u./s

face, uplift pressure is 100% at heel, 50% at line of gallery and zero at toe. Weight of

concrete is 2.4 t/m3 . Considering only weight, water pressure and uplift, determine

(b) major principal stresses at toe of dam and

(c) Intensity of shear stress on a horizontal plane near the toe. [16]

i. core

ii. shell

iii. upstream blanket

iv. toe drain. [8]

(b) Derive an expression for the flow through an earth dam section based on the

theory of flownet. State the important assumptions made. [8]

5. (a) Compare and contrast standard crested shaft spillway and Flat crested shaft

spillway.

(b) Determine the discharge through a chute spillway of ogee crest. Length of

spillway is 250m. Height of spillway crest above u/s approach channel is 10

m. Width of approach channel is 250 m and depth of water over spillway crest

is 5m. Assume coefficient of discharge as 2.5 neglecting velocity of approach.

[8+8]

1 of 2

Code No: RR320104 Set No. 1

(b) What is Hydraulic Jump? Describe hydraulic jump Computations by giving

different expressions involved in it. [8+8]

(b) Describe with sketch, the working of crump?s open flume outlet. [8+8]

8. (a) What is a cross drainage work. What are different types of cross drainage

works.

(b) Describe with a neat sketch aqueduct. [8+8]

⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

2 of 2

Code No: RR320104 Set No. 2

III B.Tech II Semester Supplimentary Examinations, Aug/Sep 2007

WATER RESOURCES ENGINEERING-II

(Civil Engineering)

Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80

Answer any FIVE Questions

All Questions carry equal marks

⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

1. (a) Discuss the various factors that govern the selection of site for a reservoir.

(b) Describe different storage zones of a reservoir with the help of a neat sketch.

[8+8]

2. (a) Discuss the geological and topographical features which effect the selection of

type of dam. [8]

(b) Differentiate between:

i. Overflow and Non-overflow dam

ii. Low dam and high dam

iii. Rigid and Non-Rigid dam

iv. Storage Dam and Diversion dam [8]

i. Joints in concrete gravity dam and

ii. Hydrodynamic pressure acting on a gravity dam.

(b) Design the practical profile of a gravity dam with the following data.

R.L of base of dam = 1320

R.L of HFL = 1355

Specific gravity of dam material = 2.4

Height of waves = 1m

Safe compressive stress = 120 t/m2 . [8+8]

4. (a) Describe a typical zoned earth dam with the help of a neat sketch. Also

describe the significance of various zones in zoned dams.

(b) A homogeneous earthen dam is 21.5m high and has a free board of 1.5m. A

flow net was constructed and the following results were noted.

Number of potential drops = 12

Number of flow channels =3

The dam has a horizontal filter of 15m length at its drawdown end. Calculate

the discharge per metre length of the dam if the coefficient of permeability of

the dam material is 2.7 × 10−3 cm/sec. [8]

5. (a) Explain the qualities of a good siphon. Describe with the help of a sketch, the

working of a volute siphon.

1 of 2

Code No: RR320104 Set No. 2

(b) A siphon spillway has height of the throat 1.5m and width of throat 4 m.

At the design flow, the tail water elevation is 7m below the summit of the

siphon and the head water elevation is 2 m above the summit. Taking cd

as 0.6 and treating siphon as a mouthpiece determine the capacity of siphon.

Also determine the head that would be required on an ogee spillway 3.8m long

to discharge this flow if cd is 2.25. What length of this ogee weir would be

required to discharge the same flow with a head of 2.2m on the crest, assuming

the cd to be constant as 2.25. [8+8]

6. (a) Discuss the different conditions governing the relationship between JHC and

TWC and the corresponding energy dissipation arrangement required.

(b) Describe different stilling basin appurtenances. [8+8]

7. Design crest wall and cistern of a sarda type fall on a channel of 15 cumecs, bed

width 18m, depth 1.5m, U/S FSL 101m, bed level is 99.5m, No supply Level is

90.00m, Fall 1.0m, side slope is 1/2 :1. Assume suitable missing data. [16]

i. Aqueduct and syphon aqueduct

ii. Canal syphon and super passage

(b) Describe super passage with the help of neat sketch. [8+8]

⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

2 of 2

Code No: RR320104 Set No. 3

III B.Tech II Semester Supplimentary Examinations, Aug/Sep 2007

WATER RESOURCES ENGINEERING-II

(Civil Engineering)

Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80

Answer any FIVE Questions

All Questions carry equal marks

⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

1. (a) Discuss the various factors that govern the selection of site for a reservoir.

(b) Describe different storage zones of a reservoir with the help of a neat sketch.

[8+8]

2. (a) Discuss the relative advantages and disadvantages of gravity dam, arch dam,

buttress dam and earth dam.

(b) Enumerate the various considerations in the selection of type of dam with

specific emphasis on topography. [8+8]

and explain the various steps needed to carry out the construction.

(b) Discuss various modes of failure of a gravity dam in detail. [8+8]

4. (a) Discuss the checks that are required to be made to investigate the stability of

an earthen dam.

(b) Give a suitable design for a 20m high dam for a site where both clay silt and

sand gravel are available in abundance and where foundation is pervious to a

depth of 10m. Assume suitable data. Give reasons favouring the suggested

design. [8+8]

5. (a) Enumerate various types of spillways and how they are selected for individual

conditions. Describe in detail the most widely used type.

(b) What is the purpose of providing gates on spillway. What are the factors

which determine the type of gate to be installed over a spillway crest. [8+8]

(b) What is Hydraulic Jump? Describe hydraulic jump Computations by giving

different expressions involved in it. [8+8]

7. Design crest wall and cistern of a sarda type fall on a channel of 15 cumecs, bed

width 18m, depth 1.5m, U/S FSL 101m, bed level is 99.5m, No supply Level is

90.00m, Fall 1.0m, side slope is 1/2 :1. Assume suitable missing data. [16]

8. (a) Discuss the factors governing the suitable type of a cross drainage work.

(b) Describe syphon aqueduct with a neat sketch. [8+8]

⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

1 of 1

Code No: RR320104 Set No. 4

III B.Tech II Semester Supplimentary Examinations, Aug/Sep 2007

WATER RESOURCES ENGINEERING-II

(Civil Engineering)

Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80

Answer any FIVE Questions

All Questions carry equal marks

⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

single purpose and multipurpose reservoirs.

(b) What are the preliminary investigations involved in the planning of a reservoir.

[8+8]

2. (a) Describe the effect of wave pressure and silt pressure on gravity dams with

the help of neat sketches.

(b) Discuss I.S. recommendations for different combination of loading during the

design of gravity dams. [8+8]

3. (a) Prove that the maximum shear stress intensity in on elementary profile is twice

that the average.

(b) How will you check the stability of the gravity dam section for reservoir full

condition. [8+8]

4. (a) Write a detailed note on filter criteria for earth dam.

(b) State classificaton rolled fill dam. Why the zoned earth dam is considered

superior to other types. [8+8]

5. (a) Explain the qualities of a good siphon. Describe with the help of a sketch, the

working of a volute siphon.

(b) A siphon spillway has height of the throat 1.5m and width of throat 4 m.

At the design flow, the tail water elevation is 7m below the summit of the

siphon and the head water elevation is 2 m above the summit. Taking cd

as 0.6 and treating siphon as a mouthpiece determine the capacity of siphon.

Also determine the head that would be required on an ogee spillway 3.8m long

to discharge this flow if cd is 2.25. What length of this ogee weir would be

required to discharge the same flow with a head of 2.2m on the crest, assuming

the cd to be constant as 2.25. [8+8]

6. (a) Discuss various methods used for energy dissipation below spillways.

(b) Calculate discharge over a spillway, crest length 100m, wherein water flow

depth changes from 1m to 4m in hydraulic jump formation in stilling fasin.

[8+8]

7. (a) Explain the procedure of designing sarda type fall.

(b) What do you understand by flexibility of an outlet. Derive an expression for

the same. [8+8]

1 of 2

Code No: RR320104 Set No. 4

8. (a) What is a Level crossing. Explain it with the help of a neat sketch. What are

the advantages and disadvantages of it.

(b) Explain the design criteria of super passage. [8+8]

⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

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