# UCAN Cluster Contribution

UWB Co-Existence
Introduction
n UCAN work in Regulation Issues.
n Co-existence and interference model are being
studied
n Interference Trials from UWB to other services
(GSM, UMTS, GPS, FWA…)
n D32 “Co-existence to other systems” (M24-Dec 03)
¨Cooperation with European regulatory bodies
(CEPT and ETSI)
Interference Model
n Interference considerations
¨Geometrical configuration.
¨New considerations in an interference
model : traffic issues.
¨Propagation law .
n Interference PDF modeling (statistical).
n Simulations and results
First Approach
n Interference model based on uniform discrete distribution of UWB
transmitters, over a victim receiver
+ + + + +
+ + + + +
+ + + +
+ + + + +
+ + + + +
dx
dy
Mesh of UWB
Transmitters
Cellular base station
Receiver CDMA system, F=1800MHz, n=2, do=100, B
RX
=5MHz, ?(N
TX
/m
2
)
Interference
Continuous
Discrete
n New geometrical configuration.
n New considerations in an interference model : traffic issues.
¨ Probability to have k users of each ring “on” at a time t corresponds
to a binomial distributed variable:
•Distance to the first ring: R
L
= R
0
/√ 2
•Density of transmitters: ρ =1/√ R
0
•Distance to the i
th
ring: d
i
=(2i-1)· R
L
•Number of users in i
th
ring:

N
n
=4·(2i-1)
( ) [ ] ( ) ( )
a 1 n d 1 n d a n
? 1 n N P ? 1 n P n? ? n N P + − + + · + −
− +

·
·
N
k
k
1 P
1
( )
k N
k
N
k
k
p 1 · ·p P

,
_

¸
¸
·
d a
a
? ?
?
p
+
·
0 1 2 n N
Νλ
a
(Ν-1)λ
a
λ
d

d

d

d
(n+1)λ
d
Νλ
d
3

d
.... ....
(Ν−2)λ
a
(Ν-(n-1))λ
a
(Ν-n)λ
a
λ
a
d
1
d
2
d
3
R
0
d
1
d
2
+ +

+ +
R
L
Ro
dr
n Propagation law .
¨ Path loss
n Interference PDF modeling (statistical). - Model
d
0
: point located in the far field on the antenna.
- Large cells → d
0
= 1 Km
- Micro cells→ d
0
= 100 m
- Indoors → d
0
= 1 m
¹
¹
¹
¹
¹
'
¹
<

,
_

¸
¸
>

,
_

¸
¸

,
_

¸
¸
·
0 i
2
i
0 i
n
0
i
2
0
i
d if d
?
d 4p
d if d
d
d
·
?
d 4p
L
·
·
A
1
: Power received from UWB device located at ring 1
A
2
: Power received from UWB device located at ring 2
( ) ( )
∑ ∑
· ·
+ ·
1 2
N
0 i
N
0 j
2
2 1 j i I
,s jA iA ·G ·P P I f
P
i
: Probability to have i instantaneous users in the first ring
P
j
: Probability to have j instantaneous users in the second ring
σ
2
: standard deviation of the gaussian approximation (3rd up to ∞)
n Simulations and results
¨ Example: Rx with BWRX = 5 MHz ; f = 2000 MHz ; d0 = 1 m ; n=4
Traffic offered by each
transmitter
Maximum density of transmitters
(tx/Km
2
)
Protection distance (m)
a=0.01 Erlangs 303140 1.28 m
a=0.025 Erlangs 301250 1.28 m
a=0.05 Erlangs 214440 1.52 m
a=0.10 Erlangs 215319 1.53 m
a=0.20 Erlangs 174466 1.69 m
a=0.30 Erlangs 173620 1.69 m
a=0.40 Erlangs 172890 1.70 m
a=0.50 Erlangs 151020 1.81 m
a=0.70 Erlangs 150316 1.82 m
a=0.99 Erlangs 149830 1.82 m
UCAN Future Work
n Continue with co-existence theoretical
model approach. Application to GSM,
UMTS, FWA..
n Interference Experiments. Trials with UWB
transmitters and GSM, UMTS, FWA..
n Presentation of these results to CEPT,
ETSI, IEEE and ITU.
Comments on ETSI UWB Draft
ETSI Indoor Limit
FCC Indoor Limit
Part 15 Limit
87
Log
Below 900 MHz ???
Is this limit adequate??
Next Steps ….
n UWB Global Regulatory Status
¨ EU
n CEPT SE24 ⇒ Spectrum/regulatory issues
¨ Spectrum sharing study for < 6 GHz
n ETSI TG31a ⇒ Standards development
¨ Conformance testing
¨ ITU recommendations
n ITU-R Study Group 1
¨ Japan
n MPT will start regulatory process with industry
n MMAC starting
¨ US
n FCC to review approx. one year afterwards
¨ May ease restriction if ‘real use’ is less interfering
¨ Real products needed to judge real interference
¨ Products not likely to come until end ’03 (earliest)
Europe Regulation
ETSI
Technical Rules
& Standards
CEPT
Regulation
& Co-existence
UWB Development
n CEPT SE24 finalizing a report on UWB spectrum sharing
n Technical input from
¨ Participating PTT’s
¨ ITU-R sources
¨ ETSI ERM TG31a provides
n Individual European regulators will base their regulations on the SE24 report
n ETSI TG31a
n Started on conformance tests
n Recommended emission mask that aligns well with the FCC mask
CEPT
n Short Range Devices (SRD) and Recommendation 70-03
Work on this item continues as an ongoing task in the
SRD MG.
¨ “The use of Ultra Wide Band (UWB) technology is now being
addressed in a greater detail. Compatibility studies and test are
taking place. Consideration will have to be given to the structure
of the future regulations for UWB applications in Europe and
world wide. It is also important to consider possible changes to the
Radio Regulations including 5.340”.

FWA…) n D32 “Co-existence to other systems” (M24-Dec 03) ¨ Cooperation with European regulatory bodies (CEPT and ETSI) . UMTS. GPS. Radio Channel and Co-existence Co-existence and interference model are being studied n Interference Trials from UWB to other services (GSM. ¨ Task n 31.Introduction n UCAN work in Regulation Issues.

n Simulations and results n .Interference Model n Interference considerations ¨ Geometrical configuration. ¨ Propagation law . ¨ New considerations in an interference model : traffic issues. Interference PDF modeling (statistical).

First Approach n Interference model based on uniform discrete distribution of UWB transmitters. F=1800MHz. n=2. over a victim receiver Interference Mesh of UWB Transmitters Continuous Discrete + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + dy + + dx + + Cellular base station Receiver CDMA system. ?(N TX/m2) . B RX =5MHz. do=100.

n New geometrical configuration.. •Distance to the first ring: d2 d 3 RL= R0/√ 2 ρ =1/√ R 0 di =(2i-1)· RL Nn=4·(2i-1) + RL + + Ro dr d1 d •Density of transmitters: •Distance to the ith ring: •Number of users in ith ring: R0 d 2 1 + n New considerations in an interference model : traffic issues. 4λd nλd n . (n+1)λd N Pn [( N − n )?a + n?d ] = Pn +1 (n + 1)?d + Pn −1 (N − n + 1)?a ¨ ∑P k =1 N Νλ d k =1 Probability to have k users of each ring “on” at a time t corresponds to a binomial distributed variable: N k N −k Pk =  ·p ·(1 − p ) k p= ?a ?a + ?d . Νλa (Ν-1)λa (Ν−2)λa (Ν-(n-1))λa (Ν-n)λa λa 0 λd 1 2λd 2 3λd 3 ......

Micro cells→ d0 = 100 m .Large cells → d0 = 1 Km . .Indoors → d0 = 1 m  4p·d  2  d  n 0   · i  if d i > d 0  ?   d 0    Li =   4p·d i  2  if d i < d0  ?   n Interference PDF modeling (statistical).s 2 ) Pi: Probability to have i instantaneous users in the first ring Pj: Probability to have j instantaneous users in the second ring A1: Power received from UWB device located at ring 1 A2: Power received from UWB device located at ring 2 σ2: standard deviation of the gaussian approximation (3rd up to ∞) .Model f I (I ) = ∑ ∑ Pi·P j ·G (iA1 + N1 N2 i =0 j =0 jA 2 . ¨ Path loss d0 : point located in the far field on the antenna.n Propagation law . .

20 Erlangs a=0.82 m 1.50 Erlangs a=0.10 Erlangs a=0. d0 = 1 m .82 m .28 m 1.81 m 1.025 Erlangs a=0.28 m 1.30 Erlangs a=0.69 m 1.52 m 1.01 Erlangs a=0.40 Erlangs a=0. f = 2000 MHz .70 Erlangs a=0.70 m 1. n=4 Traffic offered by each transmitter Maximum density of transmitters (tx/Km2 ) Protection distance (m) a=0.05 Erlangs a=0.n Simulations and results ¨ Example: Rx with BWRX = 5 MHz .53 m 1.69 m 1.99 Erlangs 303140 301250 214440 215319 174466 173620 172890 151020 150316 149830 1.

FWA. UMTS.. UMTS..UCAN Future Work Continue with co-existence theoretical model approach. n Presentation of these results to CEPT. n . ETSI. FWA. Trials with UWB transmitters and GSM. Application to GSM. n Interference Experiments. emulator victim receivers. IEEE and ITU.

Comments on ETSI UWB Draft Is this limit adequate ?? 87 Log ETSI Indoor Limit FCC Indoor Limit Part 15 Limit Below 900 MHz ??? .

n UWB Global Regulatory Status ¨ EU n n CEPT SE24 ⇒ Spectrum/regulatory issues ¨ ETSI TG31a ⇒ Standards development ¨ Spectrum sharing study for < 6 GHz Conformance testing ¨ ¨ ITU recommendations n ITU-R Study Group 1 MPT will start regulatory process with industry ¨ Japan n Experimental licenses n MMAC starting ¨ US n FCC to review approx. one year afterwards ¨ ¨ ¨ May ease restriction if ‘real use’ is less interfering Real products needed to judge real interference Products not likely to come until end ’03 (earliest) .Next Steps ….

Europe Regulation ETSI Technical Rules & Standards CEPT Regulation & Co-existence UWB Development n CEPT SE24 finalizing a report on UWB spectrum sharing n Technical input from ¨ ¨ ¨ Participating PTT’s ITU-R sources ETSI ERM TG31a provides n Individual European regulators will base their regulations on the SE24 report Started on conformance tests Recommended emission mask that aligns well with the FCC mask n ETSI TG31a n n .

Compatibility studies and test are taking place. ¨ “The use of Ultra Wide Band (UWB) technology is now being addressed in a greater detail. It is also important to consider possible changes to the Radio Regulations including 5. Consideration will have to be given to the structure of the future regulations for UWB applications in Europe and world wide.340”. .CEPT n Short Range Devices (SRD) and Recommendation 70-03 Work on this item continues as an ongoing task in the SRD MG.

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