Name_____________________________________ ELECTROSCOPE ACTIVITY

Date__________________

You will go to this website to complete this activity: www.shep.net/resources/curricular/physics/p30/unit2/electroscope.html Electroscope is an instrument that is used to detect and identify static charges. In this activity we will use a Metal Leaf Electroscope. Part I Click on “Charge Separation.” Click on “Play.” (a) As the negatively charged rod approaches the electroscope, i. Describe the action of the electrons.

ii. Describe the action of the protons.

iii. Describe the action of the leaves of the electroscope.

(b) Count the number of electrons and protons in the electroscope.

(c) Describe the distribution of electrons and protons in the electroscope.

(d) If the charged rod is withdrawn, predict what would happen.

” Charging by conduction means the same as charging by contact. Was your prediction correct? You have just observed charge separation when a negatively charged rod approaches a neutral electroscope. Uncharged objects become charged if they come in contact with a charged object. Predict what would happen if the rod was positively charged. Illustrate your answer drawing a “before” and “after” diagram. Use six positive charges(6+) and six negative charges (6-) in the electroscope.(e) Click on the “Step” (reverse button). (b) Describe what happens when a negatively charged rod makes contact with a neutral electroscope. Describe what happens. defining the number of electrons in protons in each case. Part II Click on “Charge by Conduction. . (a) Draw a “before” and “after” diagram.” Click on “Play.

” Click on “Play. Draw the diagram. Part III Click on “Charge by Induction.” . Draw a “before” and “after” diagram. (b) Describe the action of the leaves of the electroscope after induction.(c) Predict what happens when a positively charged rod makes contact with a neutral electroscope. (c) Describe what happens when the electroscope is “grounded. Draw the diagram.” In charging by induction an electric charge is induced from one object to another without direct contact. (a) Describe the action of the leaves of the electroscope before induction.

Draw the diagram. (f) You have just observed induction by a negatively charged rod. Predict what would happen if a positively charged rod is used. (e) Describe what happens when the charged rod is removed.(d) Describe what happens when the ground is removed. Practice Problems .

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