Microcontrollers and Embedded Systems

T.E. Sem. VI [BIOM] EVALUATION SYSTEM Theory Exam Practical & Oral Exam Oral Exam Term Work Time 3 Hrs. − − − SYLLABUS 1. Hardware of 8051 Microcontrollers, Intel MCS 51 Family Introduction to Single chip microcontrollers of Intel MCS 51 family. Comparison of microprocessor and microcontroller, architecture and pin functions of 8051 Single chip microcontroller, C.P.U. timing and machine cycles, internal memory organization, Program counter and stack, input/output ports, counters and timers, serial data input and output Interrupts. Connection of external memory. Power saving modes. Interfacing of 8051 with EPROM. 2. 8051 Assembly Language Programming Instruction set addressing modes, immediate, registers, direct and indirect data movement and Exchange instructions, push and pop up-codes, arithmetic and logic instructions, bit level Operations, jump and call instructions, input/output port programming, programming timers Asynchronous serial data communication, timer and hardware interrupt service routines. 3. Microcontroller Design and Interfacing External memory and memory address decoding, memory mapped I/O, time delay subroutine look up table implementation, interfacing matrix keyboard and seven segment displays through scanning and interrupt driven programs, interfacing ADC and DAC. Interfacing of LCD display. 4. Embedded Software Introduction to Embedded Systems, Examples of embedded system, their characteristics and their typical hardware components, Software Embedded into a system embedded software architecture, Processor and Memory organization Structural Units in a processor, Processor Selection for an embedded system, Memory Devices, Memory selection for an embedded system, Allocation of Memory to program segments and blocks and memory map of a system, Direct Memory access, Interfacing processor, memories and I/O devices. 5. Devices and Buses for Device Networks I/O devices, Timer and counting devices, Serial Communication using the ‘12C’, ‘CAN’ and Advanced I/O Buses between the networked multiple Devices, host system or computer parallel communication between the networked I/O Multiple Devices using the PCI, PCI-X and advanced buses. 6. Device Drivers and Interrupts Servicing Mechanism Device drivers, Parallel port device drivers in a system, serial port device Drivers in a system, device drivers for internal programmable timing devices, Interrupt servicing (handling) mechanism, Deadline and Interrupt Latency.4. Marks 100 − 25 25

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Embedded System Design: A unified Hardware/Software Introduction (Frank Vahid. 4. The 8051 Microcontroller and Embedded Systems (Muhammad A Mazidi) Pearson Education. 5. Toney Givargis) John Wiley Publication. Embedded systems-architecture.Reference : 1. Simon) Pearson Eduation. An Embedded Software Primer (David E. The 8051 microcontrollers (Kenneth J Ayala) 2. Embedded Microcomputer Systems Real time Interfacing Valvano –2– . 3. (Rajkamal) Tata McGraw Hill. 6. Embedded Realtime systems programming (Sriram Iyer and Pankaj Gupta) Tata McGraw Hill. programming and design. 7.

Sem. − − − SYLLABUS 1. Ultrasound transducers and instrumentation. Endoscopy: Equipment. 4. Biomedical Engineering Handbook (Bronzino) CRC Press. Color flow imaging. X-ray Image and Beam Limiting Devices.E. Rating of X-ray tubes. Digital Mammography 7. Computed Radiography and Digital Radiography 5. Continuous wave and Pulsed wave Doppler Ultrasound systems. Equipment. VI [BIOM] EVALUATION SYSTEM Theory Exam Practical & Oral Exam Oral Exam Term Work Time 3 Hrs. thermographic equipment. Ultrasound contrast agents and applications. 4. applications.I T. Total Radiographic System : X-ray tubes. Christensen’s Physics of Diagnostic Radiology Lipimcott William and Willkins Publication. Medical Thermography: Physics of thermography. Medical Imaging Physics (William R. 8. Fluoroscopy Imaging and X-ray Image intensifier. Ultrasound in Medicine Introduction. 2. Production of X-rays. applications.Medical Imaging . Controls. Hendee) Wiley-Liss Publication.Dowsett Marks 100 − 25 25 –3– . X-ray Imaging Properties of X-rays. 3. B-mode and M-mode display and applications. Principle. Physics of Diagnostic Imaging . X-ray generators. Display System : A-mode. 5. X-ray Film development technique. Angiography techniques 6. Production and Characteristics of Ultrasound. Imaging and its applications Reference : 1. Mammography. 2. X-ray interaction with Matter. 3. Real-Time Ultrasound. Biomedical Technology and Devices Handbook (James Moore & George Zouridakis) CRC Press.

Webster. Telemedicine concepts and its application 7. Biophysical Signal Capture. Foetal scalp PH measurement. ERG.G. Biofeedback Technique: EEG. EEG. Processing and Recording Systems (with technical specifications) Typical medical recording system and general design consideration. Pacemaker and Cardiac muscle 2. Encyclopedia of medical devices and instrumentation (Vol 1 to 4) (John Willey) J. 4. EMG. Principles of applied Biomedical Instrumentation (Gedded and Becker) Wiley interscience Publication. Principles of Biomedical Instrumentation and Measurement (Richard Aston) Marks 100 25 − 25 –4– . 2. 2 Hrs. EOG. Apnea Detector.Biomedical Instrumentation . Biotelemetry. Temperature and Respiration rate. Patient Monitoring System Measurement of Heart Rate. 7.II T. Introduction to Biomedical Equipment Technology (Carr. Incubator and infant warmer. 6.S. Application and Design (J. Blood pressure. Methods of monitoring of Foetal Heart rate and labour activity.-Brown) Pearson Education Pub.E. 3. Ambulatory monitoring instruments. Pulse rate. 8. Introduction to biomedical Engineering (J Bronzino) 5. Foetal and Neonatal Monitoring System Cardiotocograph. Khandpur) PHI. 4. 5. Muscle. EMG 8. Handbook of Biomedical Engineering (R. Phonocardiography. 6. Sources of noise in low level recording circuits. Medical Instrumentation. Electrical Safety in Biophysical Measurements Reference: 1. − − SYLLABUS 1. Sem. VI [BIOM] EVALUATION SYSTEM Theory Exam Practical & Oral Exam Oral Exam Term Work Time 3 Hrs. 3. Various Instruments Manuals. Generation of Bioelectric Potentials Nerve.G. Webster) TMH. ECG. Arrhythmia and Ambulatory Monitoring Instruments Cardiac Arrhythmias. Measurement of skin resistance.

Thermo Regulatory Systems Thermoregulatory mechanisms. Medical and Clinical Engg. Electrical Equivalent model of a biological membrane. validity criteria. Hodgkin. Devasahayam) 3. 2. Neuromuscular System Modeling of skeletal muscle. controller model. Parkinson’s syndrome. Sem. experimental validation.core conductor model. 6. stretch reflex. Modeling the Immune Response Behavior of the immune system. quantitative eye movement models. Teri Bahil) 2. Model of Neurons Biophysics tools. Reference: 1. − − − SYLLABUS 1. Marks 100 − 25 25 –5– . cable equations. two control mechanism. Pharmacokinetics Drug delivery 8. linearized model of the immune response. Golgi tendon. Biomedical Engineering Handbook (Bronzino) (CRC Press).: (Suresh R. compartmental modeling. Action Potential. Bioengineering.E. 4. 5. Physiological Modeling Steps in Modeling. modeling of circulatory system. mono and polysynaptic reflexes. Channel Characteristics. lumped parameter models. VI [BIOM] EVALUATION SYSTEM Theory Exam Practical & Oral Exam Oral Exam Term Work Time 3 Hrs. Biomedical. 7. regulation of cardiac output and respiratory system. Nernst Equation. : (A. Simulation of action potential. 3.Biological Modeling and Simulations T. validation and application.Huxley Conductance Equations. Donnan Equilibrium. impulse propagation. Purpose of Modeling. Eye Movement Model Four eye movements. Signals and systems in Biomedical Engg. Bio-Electricity A quantitative approach (Barr and Ploncey) 4. Active Transport (Pump) GHK equation. model of thermoregulatory system. distributed parameter models. reciprocal innervations. Modeling of Insulin Glucose feedback system and Pulsatile Insulin secretion. Voltage Clamp.

Confidence interval for the Variance of a normally distributed population. and various other confidence intervals. Tests of Hypothesis and Significance Statistical decisions. Estimation Theory Confidence interval for a population mean. diagnosis) : sequential clinical trials. Tests of goodness-of-fit. t-distribution. evaluating Multiple Linear regression equation. Type I and Type II errors. Regression analysis-Qualitative independent variables. tests of independence. 6. Chi-square Distribution and Analysis of Frequencies Mathematical properties of chi-square distribution. measures of dispersion. Bionomial Disribution. Multiple Linear regression model. Stastitical Hypothesis. Non-parametric and Distribution-Free Statistics The sign test. Yates’ Correction for Continuity. Ordered Array. Elementary properties of Probability. Regression and Correlation Model. Obtaining Multiple Linear regression equation. using regression equation. The factorial experiment.E. The spearman rank correlation coefficient. VI [BIOM] EVALUATION SYSTEM Theory Exam Practical & Oral Exam Oral Exam Term Work Time 3 Hrs. Sample regression equation.Biostatistics T. Sem. Variance and Standard deviation. Analysis of Variance Purpose of Analysis of variance. − − − SYLLABUS 1. and other applications. The simple Random Sample. Two-factor Experiments with Replication. The median test. Non Parametric Regression Analysis. Multiple Linear Correlation model. Null Hypothesis. Relationship between Estimation theory and Hypothesis testing. level of significance. The fisher exact test. Measurement and Measurement scales. Continuous Probability distributions. 7. Linear Mathematical model for analysis of variance. 8. the Wilcoxon signed-rank test for location. Probability Distribution Basic Probability concepts. Classification (differential. Poisson Distribution. Confidence interval estimates for Population parameters. tests of homogeneity. 4. The completely randomized design. Repeated measures design. 5. Determination of sample size for estimating means and for estimating proportions. applicability to samples from normal distributions. Correlation coefficient. frequency distribution. Marks 100 − − 25 –6– . Measures of Central tendency. Regression and Correlation Curve fitting. Normal distribution with applications. 2. 3. One Tailed and Two Tailed tests. Variable selection procedures. Introduction to Biostatistics Basic Concepts. Randomized Complete Block diagram. Curve fitting.

Spiegel) Schaum′s Series.Reference: 1. A Foundation For Analysis in Health Sciences Wiley Series (Wayne W. –7– . Daniel Biostatistics) 2. Probability and Statistics (Murray R. 1987. 3. An Introduction to Medical Statistics (Martin Bland) Oxford University Press.

Receiver. parallel and Lattice forms. DFT and DFT properties. Analog and Digital Signal Processing (Ashok Ambardar) Thomson Learning Publication.J. frequency transformations. and Linear phase filters. System Analysis : Impulse response. Z Transform Review of Z transform. VI [BIOM] EVALUATION SYSTEM Theory Exam Practical & Oral Exam Oral Exam Term Work Time 3 Hrs. Energy Density Spectrum. Relationship between DTFT and Z transform. Analysis of LTI systems in Z domain. DSP Processors Need for Special Architecture. zero input and zero state response Signal generation. System realization of DT Systems System Transfer function. Frequency Analysis of DT Signal DTFS definitions from orthogonal complex exponentials. Digital Signal Processing (S. Digital Signal Processing (T. Digital Signal Processing (Proakis and Manolakis) Pearson 3. Marks 100 − − 25 –8– . Design of Digital Filters Design of FIR filters. Discrete . EEG. 4. 5.Time Signal Processing (Oppenheim & Schafer with Buck) Prentice Hall. cascade.Digital Signal Processing for Biomedical Applications T. general DSP Processor. Design of FIR filters using windows. EMG. Disadvantages. Design of IIR filters from analog filters. CTFS and DTFS and Properties of DTFS. Advantages. Application of Filters on Biomedical Signals like ECG. 2002. Fast Fourier transform (FFT). 2001.Mitra) Tata McGraw Hill Publication. 2. Design of digital filters based on least squares method digital filters from analogue filters. (second edition) first reprint. Discrete Time(DT) Signals and Systems Review of Discrete time signals and systems.E. System realizations using direct. Comparison of IIR and FIR filters. Sem. Reference: 1. DTFT and Properties of DTFT. 2. Difference between DSP Processor and microprocessor. Signal Processing series. 3. 5.K. Power Density Spectrum. − − − SYLLABUS 1. Cavicchi) Wiley Publications. 4. 7. Block convolution using DFT by Overlap-add and Overlap-save methods. (second edition) 2000. Properties of FIR digital filters. Discrete Fourier Transform (DFT) DTFT. 6.