AN/BLQ-10(V): Submarine Electronic Warfare Support for the 21st Century

Mr. William Phelps Deputy Assistant Program Manager for Electronic Warfare Submarine Sensor Systems Program Office (PMS435)

“EW TEAM” FAMILY SSEP Teams NSA NUWCNPT CNSG EDO-RSS Lockheed Martin AT&T Syracuse Research Team Submarine BAE Argon Engineering Mercer COMSUBPAC ONI OPNAV CORE PMS435 N77 COMSUBLANT NSWC NAWC EB/NNS APL/JHU NUCLEUS SSC. San Diego NRL Echotech SenSyTech Maximizing Team Involvement to Provide EW Solutions Maximizing Team Involvement to Provide EW Solutions 2 .

Independent Systems for Each Function – Radar Wideband Threat Warning. … Separate operator positions for each system – not collocated AN/WLR-8 with ADF • No Integrated Display/Operator Position – AN/BRD-7 • Not An Integral Part of Submarine Combat System – ES Operator does not have the overall tactical picture – Information not presented in geographic context 3 . Radar Narrowband Intercept/Analysis.Legacy System Challenges AN/BRD-7 Antenna • Based 1960s – 1970s Technology – Signal processing/frequency coverage do not meet challenges of modern signal environment Technology insertion is not easily accomplished • • Not Based on Modern. Communications ES. Open Architecture – Separate.

BUT … – Operating Multiple Systems Without Computer Assistance – Not an Integral Part of Ship’s Tactical Picture 4 .Old Paradigm “Stovepipes” • Electronic Warfare Support Not Integral Part of Combat System – No Interface to Combat Control System – All Communications Passed Verbally From ES Operator to Combat Control Operator • Unique Carry-on Equipment (COE) Installed for Special Missions – Independent Development and Procurement Programs for Similar Applications – Technology Not Shared Between Organizations • • Getting Information Off the Ship is a Challenge – Limited Submarine ES Contribution to Battle Group or Task Force Sailors Successfully Meeting Operational Requirements.

Fully Integrated Modular and Scalable Radar & Communication Signal Intercept.Meeting the Challenge Solution – • An Open Architecture. and Direction Finding (DF) System • Cooperative Developments and Technology Sharing With Carry-on Community Imaging Mast Omnidirectional Antennas Imaging Mast DF Array Comms DF Antenna Periscope Radar Signal DF Unit Radio Frequency Distribution Radar Wideband Subsystem Gateguard Radar Narrowband Subsystem Communications Signal Acquisition & DF Subsystem Ship Network • Combat • ECS • Navigation • Sonar ES Network Operator Workstation Operator Workstation 5 . Identification.

AN/BLQ-10(V) Architecture CADF Antenna Signal Simulator RF Periscope ECS COE Signal Distribution (VIRGINIA Class) Radio Frequency Signal Distribution Unit Control RF From ECS RF Tech Insertion Communications Acquisition and Direction Finding Subsystem (CADF) Radar Narrowband with Specific Emitter Identification (SEI) Radar Wideband ES Vulnerability Server (EVS) Passive Surveillance Radar (PSR) GALE Lite Ship’s Network Control and Display (C & D) System LAN (Fast Ethernet) ICS Ship Systems Operator Workstation ECS – Exterior Communications System COE – Carry-on Equipment ICS – Interior Communications System 6 .

ID.AN/BLQ-10(V) System Overview • Fully Integrated and Expandable Radar & Communications Signal Intercept.SSN 688 Backfit Variant 7 . and DF – – Developed for VIRGINIA Class Variants for LOS ANGELES. SSGN. SEAWOLF. and TRIDENT – Radar Intercept and ID Only • • • • Open System Architecture – Transitioning to Maritime Cryptologic Architecture AN/BLQ-10(V)1 .VIRGINIA Class Variant NDI/COTS Based Integrated System Design – 93% NDI Software / 75% NDI Hardware Secure Interface to Architecture/Combat Control Developments Coordinated With Carry-on Community – – Cooperative Leveraging of Technology Shared Infrastructure to Reduce Total Ownership Cost • Installations Include Rack Space and Hotel Services for Carry-on Equipment – Reduce cost and crew impact of pre-deployment loadout AN/BLQ-10(V)2 .

Road Map to Commonality FY00 WLR-8 FY01 688 FY02 FY03 FY04 FY05 FY06 FY07 BLQ-10 CADF Insertion AN/BLQ-10 / WLR-8B LOS ANGELESClass AN/BLQ-10(V)2 BRD-7 WLQ-4 21 AN/BLQ-10(V)3 SEAWOLF-Class BRD-7 Installation SEAWOLF Class Complete BLQ-10 SSN774 COATS delivery VIRGINIA-Class 774 AN/BLQ10(V)1 BLQ-10 WLR-8 730 AN/BLQ-10(V)5 BLQ-10 OHIO-Class WLR-8 726 AN/BLQ-10(V)4 BLQ-10 SSGN-Project Synchronized Tactical and Carry-On Equipment Baselines and Connectivity via Implementation of AN/BLQ-10 8 .

AN/BLQ-10(V) Installations AN/BLQ-10(V)1 On USS ANNAPOLIS (SSN 760) AN/BLQ-10(V)1 Installed On USS VIRGINIA (SSN 774) AN/BLQ-10(V)2 Installed On USS TUCSON (SSN 771) Four Installations Completed To Date Two Extended Deployments Completed 9 .

VIRGINIA Class AN/BVS-1 Photonics & AN/BSD-2 IEM Antenna AN/BSD-2 IEM Antenna AN/BVS-1 Work Station AN/BLQ-10(V)1 10 .

LOS ANGELES Class Type 8B Type 18B AN/BRD-7 Antenna AN/BRD-7 Receiver OR Early Warning Receivers AN/BLQ-10(V)2 SSN 688 ES Backfit AN/WLR-8(V)2 With HPI/ADF Interface Improvement SSN 688 Baseline SUBIS 11 .

SEAWOLF Class Type 8J Type 18H AN/BRD-7 Antenna AN/WLQ-4(V)1 & AN/BRD-7 Receiver Early Warning Receivers SEAWOLF Class Transitioning to AN/BLQ-10(V)3 Started FY02 Complete FY05 AN/BLQ-10(V)3 SUBIS 12 .

OHIO Class Type 8J Type 15L AN/WLR-8(V)5 Modernization Alternative AN/BLQ-10(V)5 Early Warning Receivers POM-04 Issue Paper For Transition to AN/BLQ-10(V)5 13 .

SSGN Project Type 8J Type 15L AN/WLR-8(V)5 Modernization Alternative AN/BLQ-10(V)4 Early Warning Receivers POM-04 Issue Paper For Transition to AN/BLQ-10(V)4 14 .

Technology Insertion: AN/BRD-7 Replacement • Replaces Obsolete AN/BRD-7 – Improves tactical capability – Leverages VIRGINIA Class and Carry-on Community technology and system developments – Exploits AN/BLQ-10(V) open. modular architecture • Automated acquisition and identification of communications band signals – Direction Finding for communications signals • Subsystem of AN/BLQ-10(V)2/3 SSN 688/SSN 21 Backfit System – Provides interfaces to support carry-on equipment • Coordination With Carry-on Community Provides – Decreased development – Reduced support and infrastructure costs 15 .

Technology Insertion: PSR/EVS • Passive Surveillance Radar (PSR) – Non-cooperative bistatic radar – Provides ability to detect and track targets using radar transmitters of opportunity – At-sea demonstration and testing performed 1999 – 2002 – AN/BLQ-10 integration planned for FY03/FY04 • ES Vulnerability Server (EVS) – Counterdetection vulnerability assessment based on signal environment and antenna exposure – Provides optimum platform position for surveillance operations – AN/BLQ-10 integration planned for FY03/FY04 16 .

SUMMARY • AN/BLQ-10 Provides Submarines With Modern Electronic Warfare Support Capabilities • Modular Open Architecture Provides a Foundation for the Future • Cooperative Efforts Are Breaking Down Organizational Barriers to Success Providing: Improved System Performance Rapid Technology Insertion Reduced Support Costs 17 .

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