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PIPELINES INTEGRITY MANAGEMENT: ARPELs MANUAL AND TRAINING PROGRAM IN LATIN AMERICA

Francisco Ascencio Alba ECOPETROL Jose Agreda PETROPERU Guillermo Boam ANCAP Ricardo Dias PETROBRAS Julio Snchez PETROPERU Miguel Moyano ARPEL

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Content

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9.

What is ARPEL? Introduction Step 1 - Baseline Assessment Plan Step 2 - Risk Assessment and Management Step 3 - Failure modes Step 4 - Action plans and maintenance program Step 5 - Integrity Program evaluation ARPEL Program: Assessors Accreditation in Pipeline Integrity Management Conclusions
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What is ARPEL?

ARPEL = Regional Association of Oil, Gas and Biofuels Sector Companies in Latin America and the Caribbean

Created in 1965, its members represent over 90% of the upstream and downstream activities in the region.

ARPEL fosters and facilitates industry development and integration, continuous operational development and effective management of environmental and social issues
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What is ARPEL? Current members


2011

2000

1985

1965

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Introduction (1 of 2)
Pipelines that have been in service for a number of years represent a challenge to pipeline operators worldwide.

This paper describes the basics of the ARPEL Reference Manual for Pipeline Integrity Management as well as ARPEL efforts to build the capacity and disseminate its use throughout Latin America and the Caribbean.

The Manual provides ARPEL Member Companies with a set of referential instructions and procedures that may be modified to adapt them to the specific situation of each company and to the applicable legal or corporate regulations.
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Introduction (2 of 2) Basic elements of ARPEL Integrity Management Plan


Chapter 6 - Risk assessment and management: Segmentation Identification of high consequences areas Chapter 9 Integrity Program Evaluation Chapter 7 Failure modes Threats Chapter 8 Actions plans and maintenance program Integrity evaluation Appendixes: Means, actions and methods to determine and control of threats Tool box
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Chapter 5 Identification of pipeline baseline Data Base

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Step 1 Baseline Assessment Plan

Pipe Material Records Pipeline Construction Records Infrastructure Records Records related to environment aggressiveness (fluids and soil) Right-of-Way or Easement Records Coating Records

Cathodic Protection System Records Preventive Maintenance Records Operation Records Historical Failure Records Corrective Maintenance Records Records related to high consequence areas and mitigation of consequences
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Step 2 Risk Assessment and Management


Risk assessment is the estimate of risk for decision-making purposes

PROBABILY OF FAILURE PoF

Definition of Risk Risk Assessment o Calculation of Probability of Failure (PoF) o Calculation of Consequence of Failure (CoF) Information required for the risk assessment

VI V IV III II I

R2 R3 R3 R3 R3 R3 I

R2 R2 R2 R2 R3 R3 II

R1 R2 R2 R2 R2 R3 III

R1 R1 R2 R2 R2 R3 IV

R1 R1 R1 R1 R2 R2 V

R1 R1 R1 R1 R1 R2 VI

CONSEQUENCE OF FAILURE CoF

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Step 3 Failure modes


Describes the different threats that may affect the pipeline integrity and failure mechanism. 1. 2. Internal corrosion External corrosion 3. Natural forces

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Third-party actions 5. Operational errors

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Step 4 Action plans and maintenance program

Action plans to mitigate risks Definition of the techniques and/or methodologies and frequency of inspection, monitoring and mitigation. Risk re-assessment and changes to the action plan Risk assessment should be a continuous process. Management of change in a pipeline integrity program Once a pipeline integrity program is established and during its application.

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Step 5 Integrity Program Evaluation

Performance indicators It is necessary to establish and measure the performance indicators to know if the action plan was applied and the effectiveness of such plan. Audits Audits of integrity management program are an important element of evaluating program effectiveness. Continuous performance improvement Since the details of the operator integrity management program will vary.

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ARPEL Program: Assessors Accreditation in Pipeline Integrity Management


Objective: Accredit assessors of pipeline integrity management programs in Latin America and the Caribbean through the implementation of the ARPEL manual. Courses: Theoretical and practical field work at centers of excellence (CTDut, Corporate University of Ecopetrol, etc.) Focus: Specific failure modes (e.g., corrosion, third party actions, etc.). Assessors may apply for accreditation in more than one threat. Targets: Experts from ARPEL member companies, who will be trained by a group of experts from the Region. Start date: March/2012
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Conclusions 1 of 2

ARPEL Reference Manual for Pipeline Integrity Management compiles the best practices from companies experienced in addressing the main failures modes in Latin America and the Caribbean. Although the ARPEL Manual requires adaptation to national/local legislation, it sets unified management criteria that support the operational, environmental and social excellence of pipeline operations, thus setting the basis for regional cooperation.

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Conclusions 2 of 2

The implementation of the ARPEL Manual will allow to have a structured diagnostic and to devise mitigation activities that optimize operators resources , improving their business efficiency. The ARPEL Program of Assessors Accreditation in Pipeline Integrity Management will be the ONLY one in the Region. It will spread knowledge and best practices, addressing one of the most pressing issues in the industry today: maintaining a high level of human talent and competence.

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REGIONAL ASSOCIATION OF OIL, GAS AND BIOFUELS SECTOR COMPANIES IN LATIN AMERICA AND THE CARIBBEAN

www.arpel.org info@arpel.org.uy Javier de Viana 1018, Montevideo, Uruguay Phone.: (598) 2410 6993 Fax: (598) 2410 9207

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