MAIN GENERATOR MAINTENANCE

CLEANING, INSPECTION AND LUBRICATION OF AC GENERATORS GENERAL INFORMATION AND INSTRUCTIONS: A plaque card on the generator gives the grease replenishment amount and intervals in both running time in hours and months, whichever is first. READ THIS BEFORE PROCEEDING PRECAUTIONS: Observe all standard safety precautions associated with electrical and mechanical equipment. . WARNING Verify diesel engine for generator to be cleaned and tagged out of service. Secure power to the generator space heaters before removing covers. OPERATION STEPS 1. Remove exciter end bell cover upper half. 2. Clean the inside of the generator with a vacuum cleaner or use dry filtered compressed air at a pressure of from 25 to 40 psi. KEY POINTS Exposes exciter and generator bearing. Avoid blowing dirt and dust forward into the generator when using compressed air.

3. Clean all ventilating ports at both ends of the generator with a vacuum or dry filtered compressed air. 4. Lubricate the exciter end bearing with 1.6 ounces of NGL 1, grade 2 electric motor bearing grease through the zerk fitting on the stator frame. Note: Some ships have sealed generator carriage bearings which do not require lubrication. 5. Wipe excess grease from the grease relief valve and from around the shaft at the seal. 6. Inspect generator stator and exciter rotor and stator windings for signs of deterioration caused by heat Daniel Robson Chief Engineer T/V KINGS POINTER Generator Maintenance Revised: 6/20/01 Page: 1 Lubrication is required at 8400 hours or 24. Months.

cleaning and lubrication. 8. 7.or foreign object damage. replace covers returning generator to usable condition. Inspect tightness of mounting hardware on exciter stationary and rotating components. Daniel Robson Chief Engineer T/V KINGS POINTER Generator Maintenance Revised: 6/20/01 Page: 2 . After completion of inspection.

Insulation resistance readings should be permanently recorded for future trend analysis. T/V KINGS POINTER Generator Maintenance Revised: 6/20/01 Page: 3 • • • Daniel Robson Chief Engineer . D.secured (Engine Room). READ THIS BEFORE PROCEEDING PRECAUTIONS: Observe all normal safety precautions associated with electrical and mechanical equipment.C.open (600 VAC SWBD). A correction factor must be used to bring readings to a 40°C value (see last page). 1. 26). diesel generator cold start breakers . Generators . 2.open P412-5 (Motor Room upper level Aft). . Power Sources to 600 volt switchboard • • No. 2 ea. 600/450 volt transformer primary breakers . and 4. WARNING Disconnect all power from the 600 volt switchboard to ensure safety of personnel performing this operation. WARNING Disconnect load lines and all controls from generator stator leads before testing generator windings.MAIN GENERATOR INSULATION RESISTANCE MEASUREMENT GENERAL INFORMATION AND INSTRUCTIONS: Duration of application of an insulation resistance test potential should be one minute with readings taken at the end of the one-minute test.open (450 VAC SWBD). diesel generator space heater breakers . • 3 ea. L-128-4N (2 & 4) (Main Deck Passage Way outside Officer Mess) 600 volt switchboard Lights breaker-open EL110-5G (Main Deck Passage [1-9-0] Fr.open L128-4M (1 & 3). • 4 ea. propulsion motor space heater breaker. 3.open emergency 24V SWBD (Emergency SWBD). 600/450 volt transformer secondary breakers . 3 ea.

8. 11. KEY POINTS Ensures safety of personnel performing this operation. Emergency Power EP-110-10 (Emergency SWBD 120V Section) • 450V. converting the megger readings to 40°C. 6. 4.• M. 3. 2. remove fuses FUAC for the generator to be tested.C.S. • M. At the back of the 600 volt switchboard generator breaker compartment. Verify 600-volt switchboard is de-energized and will remain de-energized during this operation. 14 and 15 for the generator heater.C. Ensures no electrical shock hazard exists.C. remove leads at CTB terminals 12 and 13. Disconnects the A. Connect megger leads to test generator stator windings to hull ground at 500 volts. Normal Power SP-107-5 (Motor Room upper level Fwd (Stbd)). terminals 12 and 13. Record generator winding temperature at the This information is used in time the insulation resistance test is performed. Daniel Robson Chief Engineer T/V KINGS POINTER Generator Maintenance Disconnects all control devices from the field generator Revised: 6/20/01 Page: 4 . CAUTION When testing generator field excitation windings at terminal board CTB. filter module from the generator stator winding. At the generator to be tested. The generator heater should be secured at Panel L-128-4 on the main deck. 7.S. remove fuses from the A. verify zero volts on the breaker line bus bars. 5. Disconnects all control devices from the generator stator windings.C.C. OPERATION STEPS 1. At the generator control module. Megger readings will usually start low and then increase during the one minute period. Located in the generator control module. At the 600 volt switchboard. filter module. Record readings after one minute of megger potential application. a voltage may be present on terminals 10. Fuse(s) FUT for bus tie interlock to 600V BT BKR.C.

Record readings after one minute of megger potential application. This information is used in converting the megger readings to 40°C. 10. Connect megger leads to test the generator field excitation windings to hull ground at 500 volts. Reconnect FLD leads on CTB terminals 12 and 13. 11. 13. 9. Ensure leads are connected to the same terminals they were removed from. Daniel Robson Chief Engineer T/V KINGS POINTER Generator Maintenance Revised: 6/20/01 Page: 5 . Megger readings will usually start low and then increase during the one minute period. 14. excitation windings. Record generator winding temperature at the time the insulation resistance test is performed.C. calculate and record readings for future trend analysis (see last page). Utilizing megger readings and temperatures originally obtained and the 40°C insulation resistance correction factor chart.cable marked FLD. 12. Replace fuses for A. filter module and FUAC in the generator control module.

Daniel Robson Chief Engineer T/V KINGS POINTER Generator Maintenance Revised: 6/20/01 Page: 6 .

Daniel Robson Chief Engineer T/V KINGS POINTER Generator Maintenance Revised: 6/20/01 Page: 7 .

5. The ohmmeter should indicate a LOW resistance (forward biased). 3. 4.the threaded part is the ANODE and the lead is the CATHODE. The ohmmeter should indicate a HIGH resistance (reverse biased). To prevent misleading test results. Reverse the ohmmeter lead on the diode. a. Typical is about 30. An ohmmeter indication of "infinity" in both directions indicates an OPEN (bad). Daniel Robson Chief Engineer T/V KINGS POINTER Generator Maintenance Revised: 6/20/01 Page: 8 .000 to 300. Connect the positive (+) lead of an ohmmeter to the ANODE of the diode. Typical is about 10 ohms (good). Connect the negative (-) lead of an ohmmeter on the CATHODE of the diode.000 ohms (good).the threaded part is the CATHODE and the lead is the ANODE. b. "Standard" diode . 2. An ohmmeter indication of "zero" in both directions indicates an ANODE to CATHODE short (bad). Determine if the diode under test is a "standard" or "reverse" diode by looking at the symbol printed on the diode.TESTING GENERATOR POWER RECTIFIER DIODES 1. "Reverse" diode . the diode under test should be completely disconnected.

Daniel Robson Chief Engineer T/V KINGS POINTER Generator Maintenance Revised: 6/20/01 Page: 9 .

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