0 Up votes0 Down votes

21 views6 pagesMay 11, 2012

© Attribution Non-Commercial (BY-NC)

DOCX, PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd

Attribution Non-Commercial (BY-NC)

21 views

Attribution Non-Commercial (BY-NC)

- DMVLSI
- CMOS OP AMP.pdf
- Design Of Two Stage CMOS Op-Amp With Low Power And High Slew Rate
- 13 - Analysis and Design of a Two-stage CMOS Operational Amplifier in 150 Nm Technology
- Two Stage CMOS Op-amp Notes
- ENT600
- Encyclopedia of Electronic Circuits, Volume 2 - (Rudolf F Graf) Mcgraw-Hill Tab Electronics 1988
- L165V
- Datasheet Mc33178p
- lf353n
- Advanced Communication Engineering l t p c
- LF353
- EC5462A
- AD705JR
- lec26
- Chapter 2
- Modular Headphone Amplifier
- d1
- LYNX Manual
- Chapter 1 on Feedback

You are on page 1of 6

Slew Rate: The previous sections of this chapter have been concerned with the small-signal behavior of feedback amplifiers at high frequencies. However, the behavior of feedback circuits with large input signals (either step inputs or sinusoidal signals) is also of interest, and the effect of frequency compensation on the large-signal, high-frequency performance of feedback amplifiers is now considered. Origin of Slew-Rate Limitations: A common test of the high-frequency, large-signal performance of an amplifier is to apply a step input voltage as shown in Fig. 9.48. This figure shows an op amp in a unity-gain feedback configuration and will be used for purposes of illustration in this development. Assuming the op amp is powered from a single supply between 3 V and ground, the input here is chosen to step from 0.5 V to 2.5 V so that the circuit operates linearly well before and well after the step. Suppose initially that the circuit has a single-pole transfer function given by

and f 0 is the -3-dB frequency. Since the circuit is connected as a voltage follower, the low- frequency gain A will be close to unity. If we assume that this is so, the response of the circuit to this step

Methods of Improving Slew-Rate in Two-Stage Op Amps : In order to examine methods of slew-rate improvement, a more general analysis is required. This can be performed using the circuit of Fig. 9.52, which is a general representation of an op amp circuit. The input stage has a small-signal transconductance and, with a large input voltage, can deliver a maximum current to the next stage. The compensation is shown as the Miller effect using the capacitor C, since this representation describes most two-stage integrated-circuit op amps.

Slew rate =

(9.133)

Improving Slew-Rate in MOS Op Amps : A two-stage Miller-compensated o MOS op amp is shown in Fig. 9.506, and its slew rate is given by (9.127). From the analysis in Section 9.6.2, (9.133) shows that the slew rate can be increased by increasing . On the other hand, if & is fixed, increasing the ratio improves the slew rate. Using (1.180), (9.133) can be rewritten as

This equation shows that the slew rate increases if decreases with I1 constant. In this case, g mI = g m1 decreases. From (9.132), a smaller compensation capacitor can then be used; therefore, the slew rate in (9.127) increases because I1 is unchanged. Equation 9.140 also shows that the slew rate can be increased by increasing I1. Assume that I1 increases by a factor x where x > 1. Then the ratio increases by the factor because gm1 is proportional to . From (9.132), the compensation capacitor must be increased by the factor if is fixed. With these changes, the slew rate in (9.127) becomes

Since x > 1, the slew rate is increased. Alternatively, the ratio of the input stage can be increased by adding degeneration resistors R S in series with the sources of M1 and M 2 to give

Therefore the feedback is not effective and the virtual ground at the negative op-amp input is lost. With the feedback loop broken, the total capacitance seen from the output to ground is

This is the capacitance seen looking from the op-amp output node to ground,

with the connection to the op-amp inverting input replaced with an open circuit. The effective output load capacitance in (9.144) is the same as the output load found when the feedback loop is broken to find the return ratio. For the CMOS op amps considered so far in this section, the slew rate is proportional to a bias current in the op amp. A CMOS op amp with a Class AB input stage can give a slew rate that is not limited by a dc bias current in the op amp. The input voltage is applied between the gates of M1, M 2 and M 3 ,M 4 . Transistors M1 and M 4 act simply as unity-gain source followers to transfer the input voltage to the gates of M6 and M7. Diode- connected transistors M 5 and M8 act as level shifts, which, together with bias current sources I1, set the quiescent Class AB current in M2, M3, M6,and M7. The currents in M3 and M7are delivered to the output via cascode current mirrors M 9 , M 10 , M13, M14 and M11, M12, M15, M16. DD

(9.147)

Appendix 5

Limitations

on

Large-Signal

Sinusoidal

The slew-rate limitations described above can also affect the performance of the circuit when handling large sinusoidal signals at higher frequencies. Consider the circuit of Fig. 9.48 with a large sinusoidal signal applied as shown in Fig. 9.57a. Since the circuit is connected as a voltage follower, the output voltage V o will be forced to follow the V i waveform. The maximum value of dVi/dt occurs as the waveform crosses the axis, and if V i is given by

- DMVLSIUploaded byPradeepdarshan Pradeep
- CMOS OP AMP.pdfUploaded byLokesh Nikhade
- Design Of Two Stage CMOS Op-Amp With Low Power And High Slew RateUploaded bypari
- 13 - Analysis and Design of a Two-stage CMOS Operational Amplifier in 150 Nm TechnologyUploaded bysohailasghar_t
- Two Stage CMOS Op-amp NotesUploaded bysahooavinash
- ENT600Uploaded byWanMasAmalina
- Encyclopedia of Electronic Circuits, Volume 2 - (Rudolf F Graf) Mcgraw-Hill Tab Electronics 1988Uploaded byOliver Twiste
- L165VUploaded byapi-3825669
- Datasheet Mc33178pUploaded byNegro Danny Ayosa
- lf353nUploaded byivrajkire
- Advanced Communication Engineering l t p cUploaded byprakashrs295
- LF353Uploaded byJhelson Conde
- EC5462AUploaded byCristina Nistor
- AD705JRUploaded byAlfredo Hernández Alvarez
- lec26Uploaded bymilos obilic
- Chapter 2Uploaded bybinu_10
- Modular Headphone AmplifierUploaded byrik206
- d1Uploaded byRishabhBatra
- LYNX ManualUploaded byDavid Francisco Martinez Galvan
- Chapter 1 on FeedbackUploaded byUmair Saeed
- amplifiers as comparator.pdfUploaded byuam22
- lm741Uploaded byIsmael Palma
- PELKA2_03_14S16016_PaulusUploaded byJosep Hulu
- Chapter 1_Operational AmplifierUploaded byCloudyi Teh
- A1103086026_16061_27_2018_opamp (1)Uploaded byMíshrâ Mrìtùñjâý
- Introduction to Op AmpsUploaded byCynthia Villasor Plaza
- Operational AmplifiersUploaded byeddula ganesh
- LOG MCQs PDFUploaded byHarith Nawfel
- Data SheetUploaded byAndi Febrianto
- AmplifierUploaded bytarun arora

- Pushp Kinnari Sadhana Evam Mantra Siddhi in HindiUploaded bysumit girdharwal
- What Motivates Us at WorkUploaded byvilavanadonis
- Glowing Green SmoothieUploaded byvilavanadonis
- Rich Sources of Protein.docxUploaded byvilavanadonis
- Transform CodingUploaded byvilavanadonis
- 2Uploaded bydiranj
- New Era Card TricksUploaded byvilavanadonis
- Rao S K Ramachandra Yantras 69pUploaded byashok1_ratm
- My StrengthsUploaded byvilavanadonis
- Eye GazeUploaded byvilavanadonis
- Teaching Philosophy ActivitiesUploaded byvilavanadonis
- electronics fundamentalsTransistorsUploaded bySandeep Varma's
- Brochure Autodesk CourseUploaded byvilavanadonis
- role playUploaded bymeera_20umin
- Classroom PhrasesUploaded byvilavanadonis
- Parents MeetingUploaded byvilavanadonis
- Current MirrorsUploaded byvilavanadonis
- iTunes_U_Creating_Content.pdfUploaded bySugguna Viswanadth
- Evolution of Management ThoughtUploaded byvilavanadonis

- D09TE5-ETRX-licdesUploaded bymanojpeehu
- JESD8-15AUploaded bySridhar Ponnurangam
- Ee6303 Lica 2 Marks With Answers_rejinpaulUploaded bysrajece
- Ica EceUploaded bySravanthiVelagapudi
- Voltage Controlled OscillatorUploaded byjonesy5000
- Analog Assignment ADVD(2)Uploaded byRajeevDutt
- TIM Square-sine Inter Modulation MeasuringUploaded byGerardo Angel Gentile
- 07_chapter2Uploaded byYash Saxena
- Philips on OpampsUploaded bySpun_G
- 2310_Lab07Uploaded bytarottaurus54
- opamp projectUploaded bybirla_s
- CA3140Uploaded byBrzata Ptica
- Circuit Using Ne5532Uploaded bygotcha75
- AnalogUploaded byAhmed F Rahim
- topologii de circuiteUploaded bywrkahlc
- 4 20ma ConverterUploaded byadilson.kromme
- mcp2551Uploaded bysenguttuvel
- MC148Uploaded byFreddy Calle
- DDR3 800-2133 Derating Theory and Implementation 11ww24.5Uploaded byAkhila Purushothaman
- 9LPRS511Uploaded byfoobarbaz22
- ADuM7640_7641_7642_7643Uploaded bydany weinfeld
- Data SheetUploaded byAriel Villca Paye
- Recommended Test Procedures for OP Amp.pdfUploaded bynapoleon_velasc3617
- LIC Lab ManualUploaded byAravind Kumar
- ca3140-aUploaded bydavidcen
- LME49600Uploaded byJCM
- Aislador TV Plasma Hitachi ADUM1310Uploaded byAntonio Chavez
- Www.angelfire.com Ab3 Mjramp Amp7-3Uploaded bymax
- snaa045Uploaded byGreg Peters
- AES Distortions in Audio Op-Amps and Their Effect on Listener Perception of Character and QualityUploaded byfidel.certuche

## Much more than documents.

Discover everything Scribd has to offer, including books and audiobooks from major publishers.

Cancel anytime.