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JNTU ONLINE EXAMINATIONS [Mid 2 - PSA]

1. A 1000 kVA transformer with 5% reactance will have a reactance of 10% at____ 1. 1000 kVA base 2. 2000 kVA base 3. 3000kVA base 4. 4000 kVA 2. The p.u. impedance value of an alternator corresponding to base values of 13.2kV and 30MVA is 0.2p.u. The p.u. value for the base values 13.8kV and 50MVA is _______ 1. 0.106 p.u. 2. 0.206 p.u 3. 0.306 p.u 4. 0.318 p.u 3. A Transformer has reactance of 4% on a 20 MVA base. For 30 MVA base reactance is________ 1. 6% 2. 2.66 % 3. 9 % 4. 2% 4. The p.u impedance of a line to a 50 MVA. 132 kV base is 0.6. The p.u impedance to a 100 MVA , 132 kV base will be 1. 0.3 2. 0.6 3. 1.2 4. 1.8 5. Base impedance of the power system is given by 1. 2. 3. 4. 6. If base values are 50 MVA and 11kV, the base impedance is ______ohms 1. 4.54 2. 0.22 3. 27 4. 1 7. If per unit impedance on 11kV base is 9 ohms, the p.u impedance on 33kV base will be ____ohms 1. 3 2. 81 3. 27 4. 1 8. The correct formula to convert actual impedance Z ohms to p.u impedance is 1. 2.

3. 4. 9. In a _______ the components of power system are represented by symbols and the interconnection between them are shown by straight lines. 1. Single line diagram 2. Impedance diagram 3. Reactance diagram 4. Resistance diagram 10. The positive, negative and zero sequence impedances of a solidly grounded system under steady state condition always follow the relations 1. Z1>Z2>Z0 2. Z1<Z2<Z0 3. Z0<Z1<Z2 4. Z0<Z1>Z2 11. Symmetrical components are 1. balanced three-phase vectors 2. unbalanced three phase vectors 3. depends upon the original configuration 4. depends upon the modified configuration 12. In a balanced three phase system, negative and zero phase sequence currents are 1. equal 2. zero 3. different 4. one 13. For a balanced 3-Phase system the ______ is same as positive sequence reactance diagram 1. Single line diagram 2. Impedance diagram 3. Reactance diagram 4. Resistance diagram 14. The per unit quantity is defined as 1. Actual /Base 2. (Base) / Actual 3. Base / (Actual-1) 4. Base / (Actual-2) 15. The operator 'a' rotates the vector in the anti clock wise direction by 1. 900 2. 1200 3. 1800 4. 3000 16. Which of the following is correct 1. 1+a+a2 =0 2. a+2=1 3. 1+3=0 4. 1+2=0 17. Which of the following is correct 1. 1+a+a2 =0 2. a+2=1 3. 1+3=0

4. 1+2=0 18. Which of the following is correct 1. a2=0.5+j0.866 2. a2=-0.5+j0.866 3. a2=-0.5-j0.866 4. a2=j0.866 19. The positive and negative sequence impedance of a transmission line are 1. Equal 2. zero 3. different 4. one 20. The zero sequence impedance of different elements of power system is generally 1. Equal 2. zero 3. different 4. one 21. On the occurrence of the unsymmetrical fault which sequence component is always more than the negative sequence component 1. Zero sequence 2. positive sequence 3. Zero sequence, positive sequence 4. one 22. The zero sequence impedance of an element in a power system is generally different from 1. Positive sequence impedance 2. negative sequence impedance 3. Positive and negative sequence impedances 4. Positive sequence resistance 23. If the percentage reactance of the system up to the fault point is 20 % and the base kVA is 10000 then the short circuit kVA is 1. 10 MVA 2. 20 MVA 3. 50 MVA 4. 60 MVA 24. The indicative of unsymmetrical in the system can be 1. the presence of the negative sequence components 2. the presence of positive sequence components 3. the presence of zero sequence components 4. the presence of the negative and zero sequence components 25. For an unbalanced three phase system 1. Z2=Z0=infinite 2. Z1>Z2>Z0 3. Z1=Z2=Z0=0 4. Z1>Z2<Z0 26. On the occurrence of the unsymmetrical fault which sequence component is always more then the negative sequence component 1. Zero sequence 2. positive sequence 3. Zero and positive sequence 4. negative sequence 27. The phase sequence of the positive sequence component is abc, then the phase

sequence of the negative sequence components will be 1. abc 2. acb 3. bac 4. cab 28. The most common type of fault on the over head transmission line is 1. Single line to ground fault 2. double line to ground fault 3. Three-phase fault 4. line to line fault 29. Which fault gives rise to symmetrical fault currents? 1. single line to ground fault 2. line to line fault 3. double line to ground fault 4. three-phase fault 30. The positive sequence component of voltage at the point of fault is zero when it is 1. Three phase fault 2. L-L fault 3. L-L-G fault 4. L-G fault 31. A balanced star connected load takes I amperes from a balanced 3-phase 4-wire system .The 3-phase are provided with fuses .If the fuse in Y and B phases are removed then 1. IR=I 2. Iy=0 3. IB=0 4. IR=I, Iy= IB=0 32. If neutral to ground impedance is greater than 1/3 (Z1-Z0 )then 1. 3-phase fault is more severe than L-G fault 2. L-G fault is more than 3-phase fault 3. the ratio of severity is 1:1 4. the ratio of severity is 1:2 33. .For a long transmission line 1. 3-phase fault is more severe than L-G fault 2. L-G fault is more severe than 3-phase fault 3. Effect of both L-G and 3-phase fault is same 4. 3-phase fault is less severe than L-G fault 34. The current from the neutral to ground is 6A. the zero sequence current in phase will be 1. 18 A 2. 6A 3. 2 A 4. 4A 35. A balanced star connected load takes I amperes from a balanced 3-phase 4-wire system .The 3-phase are provided with fuses .If the fuse in Y and B phases are removed ,which of the following is not correct 1. positive sequence currents are not zero 2. negative sequence currents are not zero 3. zero sequence currents are not zero 4. zero sequence current magnitude is 1/3 rd of I 36. If a neutral impedance of Z0=1/3 (Z1-Z0) is included between neutral to ground .Then the ratio of L-G fault current to dead short circuit is

1. 1:1 2. 1:2 3. 1:3 4. 3:1 37. For a synchronous machine with solidly grounded neutral 1. Z0<Z1 2. Z0>Z1 3. Z1=Z2=Z0 4. Z0>Z2 38. For a synchronous machine with solidly grounded neutral 1. a L-G fault is more severe than 3-phase fault 2. 3-phase fault is more severe than L-G fault 3. both L-G and 3-phase faults have the same effect 4. 3-phase fault is less severe than L-G fault 39. A double line to ground fault is characterized as 1. symmetrical fault 2. unsymmetrical fault 3. symmetrical voltage 4. symmetrical current 40. The method of symmetrical components is used to analyze the unsymmetrical faults, because 1. Un balanced currents 2. Un balanced voltages 3. Un balanced powers 4. Un balanced currents, voltages and powers 41. The positive sequence voltage (Va1)for a particular fault is zero the fault is 1. LG 2. LL 3. LLG 4. 3- phase 42. The positive sequence component of voltage at the point of fault is zero when it is 1. Three phase fault 2. L-L fault 3. L-L-G fault 4. L-G fault 43. The faults can be classified as _______ 1. shunt faults 2. series faults 3. shunt and series faults 4. open faults 44. Shunt type of faults involves ___________ between the conductors. 1. power conductors 2. conductors-to-ground 3. short circuit 4. power conductors, conductors-to-ground and short circuit 45. Series type of faults is characterized by ________ in current and ______ in voltage. 1. increase, decrease 2. decrease ,increase 3. increase, increase 4. decrease , decrease 46. Shunt type of faults can be classified as _______

1. L-L 2. L-L-G 3. L-G 4. L-L, L-L-G and L-G 47. The example for balanced fault is ________. 1. L-L 2. L-L-G 3. L-G 4. 3-;. 48. Series type of faults can be classified as _______. 1. Opening of line 2. L-L fault 3. L-L-G fault 4. L-G fault 49. For fault analysis of large power systems, the most suitable method isBus impedance method 1. Bus admittance method 2. Bus current method 3. Bus impedance method 4. Bus voltage method 50. The three sequence equations using the sequence generated voltages and the sequence impedances are 1. 2. 3. 4. 51. The voltage of the neutral is given by Vn= 1. 3Iao Zn 2. - 3Iao Zn 3. Iao Z 4. Iao Zn 52. In case of L-G fault, the three sequence networks are connected in 1. Series 2. parallel 3. shunt 4. series and parallel 53. The analysis of unsymmetrical faults by symmetrical components method requires the determination of 1. Sequence voltages 2. Sequence currents 3. Sequence powers 4. Sequence voltages , Sequence currents and Sequence powers 54. The positive and negative components of currents through the neutral are 1. zero 2. 1 3. 2 4. 1.5

55. In case of L-G fault, the expression for the current Ia1= 1. 2. 3. 4. 56. The negative and zero sequence voltages are maximum at ______and minimum at _____ 1. fault point , fault point 2. neutral point , neutral bus 3. fault point , fault bus 4. fault point , neutral bus 57. The receiving end voltage is equal to sending end voltage for a loss less line condition for maximum power is 1. x = 1.732R 2. x = 1.414R 3. x = 1.732/R 4. x = 1.732+R 58. If the torque angle increases without limit, the system is ___ 1. stable 2. unstable 3. marginally stable 4. oscillates 59. For L-L fault, the positive-sequence and negative-sequence networks are connected in 1. same 2. parallel 3. opposition 4. series 60. In case of L-G fault, the expression for the fault current is given by If = 1. 4 Ia1 2. 2 Ia1 3. Ia1 4. 3 Ia1 61. For L-L fault, the zero-sequence component of current is 1. 1 2. zero 3. 1.5 4. 0.3 62. For L-L fault, the positive-sequence component of voltage is equal to the negativesequence component of 1. voltage 2. current 3. impedance 4. resistance 63. Fast operating CB s improves 1. Steady state stability 2. Transient stability 3. Steady state and transient stability 4. load flows

64. The angle between relative position of rotor axis and the stator magnetic field axis is 1. Load angle 2. Torque angle 3. Load angle or Torque angle 4. Steady state stability 65. In a two-machine system , ______ grounding at the sending end and ____ grounding at the receiving end is preferable 1. Resistance, Reactance 2. Reactance, Resistance 3. Resistance, Resistance 4. Reactance, Reactance 66. If the maximum power =50MW, the electrical power out power for a torque angle of 600 is _____ 1. 43.7MW 2. 43.4MW 3. 43.6MW 4. 43.3MW 67. Maximum Steady state limit of power system operates with 1. <450 2. 300 3. 900 4. <900 68. If transmitted power is increased beyond____ then the synchronism will be lost 1. Steady state stability limit 2. Transient stability limit 3. Steady state and transient stability limits 4. dynamic stability limit 69. A system is said to be ____ if and only if dp/dd is positive 1. Marginally stable 2. Unstable 3. Stable 4. oscillates 70. If a two-machine are running coherently with inertia M1 and M2.What will be the inertia of the equivalent machine Meq 1. {(M1S1)/Sb}+{(M2S2)/Sb} 2. {(M1S1)/Sb}-{(M2S2)/Sb 3. (M1S1) + (M2S2) 4. (M1S1) - (M2S2) 71. Two synchronous machine having inertia constant M1 and M2 are swinging together. The inertia constant of the combination is 1. M1M2 /(M1+M2) 2. M1-M2/(M1+M2) 3. M1M2 /(M1-M2) 4. M1+M2/(M1-M2) 72. The series capacitor improves 1. Steady state stability limit 2. Transient stability limit 3. Steady state and transient stability limits 4. Dynamic stability 73. If loading of machine is large, the torque angle will be 1. more

2. less 3. constant 4. twice 74. For stability and economic reasons, we operate the transmission line with load angle in the range 1. 300 2. 450 3. 300- 450 4. 300- 900 75. In terms of system stability point of view, the star point of the motor is ____ grounded 1. Reactance 2. Reactance 3. impedance 4. admittance 76. From the stability point of view, the star point of the generator is ____ grounded 1. Reactance 2. Reactance 3. Resistance& Resistance 4. Reactance or Reactance 77. A 12 pole, 300 rpm, 11kV, 3-phase alternator has a stored energy of 5400MJ. Its 1. 4 2. 9 3. 10 4. 0.1 78. Two alternator with stored energies of 1200MJ and 1000MJ are working is Parallel. Its equivalent inertia constant for the base 100MVA is (in MJ/MVA) 1. 120 2. 220 3. 12 4. 22 79. If the maximum power =50.2MW, The electrical power out power for a torque angle of 660 is _____ 1. 43.7MW 2. 43.4MW 3. 45.86MW 4. 15MW 80. Switching of asynchronous loads effect 1. voltage stability 2. frequency stability 3. power system stability 4. voltage and frequency stability 81. Loss of synchronism leads to 1. system stability 2. system unstable 3. oscillatory 4. marginally stable 82. When a system reaches stable state followed by a large disturbance it is referred to as 1. Steady state stability 2. Transient stability 3. power system stability 4. un stable

83. Classical approach of power system stability means 1. Simplified model of synchronous machine 2. no voltage regulators 3. no dampers 4. no booster 84. Which of the following is a small disturbance? 1. sudden increase in load 2. loss of generation 3. switching of transmission line when initial power flow is small 4. sudden drop of load 85. When a system reaches stable state followed by a small disturbance it is referred to as 1. Steady state stability 2. Transient stability 3. power system stability 4. dynamic stability 86. Simplified model of synchronous generator is represented by 1. voltage source 2. impedance 3. voltage source and impedance in parallel 4. voltage source and impedance in series 87. Power angle curve shows relation between 1. Pm Vs Pe 2. Pm Vs 3. Pe Vs 4. Pa Vs 88. The steady state stability can be improved by 1. reducing reactance of line 2. increasing excitation 3. selecting low impedance machines 4. reducing reactance of line, increasing excitation and selecting low impedance machines 89. For stability the change in w.r.t time i.e., d/dt= 1. infinite 2. one 3. zero 4. Pm-Pe 90. .When a sudden and large disturbance occurs, does not change if rotor runs at 1. < synchronous speed 2. > synchronous speed 3. synchronous speed 4. max speed 91. If the input of the generator is more than the output the torque angle will 1. reduce 2. increase 3. be constant 4. exponential 92. If the input of the motor is more than the output the torque angle will 1. reduce 2. increase 3. be constant 4. exponential

93. The loss of synchronism of machine results variation in 1. frequency 2. voltage 3. power factor 4. frequency and voltage 94. A 12 pole, 3000 rpm, 11kV, 3-phase alternator has a stored energy of 5400MJ. Its inertia is MJ-sec/elec.degrees is 1. 4 2. 9 3. 10 4. 0.1 95. Equal area criteria can be applicable to 1. multi machine system 2. One machine connected to infinite bus 3. One machine connected to multi bus system 4. One machine connected to multi machine system 96. If the receiving end voltage is equal to sending end voltage for a loss less line, the condition for maximum power is 1. 2. 3. X=R 4. 97. If the torque angle increases without limit the system is 1. Stable 2. unstable 3. oscillatory 4. marginally stable 98. The solution of swing equation can be obtained by_____ method 1. point by point 2. equal area criterion 3. Newton 4. gauss method 99. The solution of swing equation gives a graph ______ Vs____ 1. power , load angle 2. Load angle, power 3. Torque angle, time 4. time, torque angle 100. The limit of steady state is ___ transient stability limit 1. more than 2. less than 3. equal to 4. greater than or equal to 101. The addition of synchronous motor (over excited) at the receiving end of a line improves ____ stability 1. steady state stability 2. dynamic stability 3. transient stability 4. dynamic and transient

102. Compared to short transmission line, a long transmission line with same operating voltage will have less steady state stability limit because ____ is high 1. reactance 2. resistance 3. current 4. admittance 103. A salient pole machine has relatively high stability limit during steady state stability limit because ___ 1. synchronous power coefficient is high 2. synchronous power coefficient is low 3. synchronous power coefficient constant 4. synchronous power coefficient is zero 104. The solution of the swing equation can be obtained by ______ method 1. step-step 2. equal area 3. step-step and equal area 4. Newton 105. Fast acting voltage regulators includes____ stability 1. dynamic 2. steady state 3. transient 4. voltage 106. The inertia constant of turbo alternator is _____ than hydro generators 1. less 2. more 3. equal 4. greater than equal 107. The series capacitor improves 1. dynamic stability 2. steady state stability 3. transient stability 4. dynamic and transient 108. If the actual clearing angle is greater than the critical value, the system is ____ , 1. Marginally stable 2. Unstable 3. Stable 4. Oscillatory 109. In point by point method, the computed swing curve approaches the true curve, only when the time interval is-----------1. Decreased 2. Increased 3. Constant 4. zero 110. ----- machine stability will have more than one swing equation. This statement is 1. Multi 2. single 3. single machine connected to infinite 4. Infinite 111. The swing equation can be solved by _____ method 1. Runge-kutta 2. Modified Euler's

3. Both Runge-kutta and Modified Euler's 4. Newton 112. The solution of the swing equation gives a graph ______ Vs _______ 1. Time Vs torque angle 2. torque angle Vs angle 3. torque angle Vs time 4. power Vs time 113. The limit of transient stability is _____ the steady state limit { B} 1. Greater than 2. less than 3. equal to 4. greater than or equal 114. The solution of point by point method adopted to solve the swing equation for 1. Power angle 2. critical clearing time 3. clearing angle 4. clearing time 115. Equal area criterion can be applicable to 1. three machine system 2. One machine system connected to infinite bus 3. four machine system 4. five machine system 116. Multi machine stability will have ---- than one swing equation. This statement is 1. more 2. less 3. equal 4. infinite 117. Which one of the following is the swing equation 1. (H/f) (d2/dt2) = Pm-Pe 2. (H/f) / (d2/dt2) = Pm+Pe 3. (H/f) / (d2/dt2) = PmPe 4. (f/H) / (d2/dt2) = Pm-Pe 118. The solution of swing equation gives the graph __ vs __ 1. Torque angle, Time 2. Time, Torque angle 3. Torque angle, Voltage 4. Time, Voltage 119. The swing equation describes 1. rotation of rotor 2. rotating magnetic field 3. rotor oscillations 4. rotor speed 120. Transient stability of a large scale power system can be improved by 1. Increasing system voltage 2. Decreasing system voltage 3. increasing resistance 4. increasing reactance 121. The swing equation is 1. Md2/dt2 2. Md2/dt2=Tm-Te 3. Md2/dt2=Pm-Pe

4. Md2t/d2 122. The swing equation is used to determine 1. Steady state stability 2. Transient stability 3. steady state & transient 4. dynamic 123. The critical clearing angle of a SMIB through two transmission lines can be determined by using 1. single power angle curve 2. two power angle curves 3. 3 power angle curves 4. Pm vs Pe curve 124. Auto reclosing is possible in case of 1. short period faults 2. semi permanent faults 3. permanent faults 4. short period faults & semi permanent faults 125. The equal area criterion is applicable only to 1. SMIB 2. two machine system 3. multi machine system 4. SMIB & two machine system 126. The swing curve provides information of 1. stability 2. faulted conditions 3. stability & fault conditions 4. only stability 127. The transient stability is determined by 1. analytical method 2. step by step method 3. equal area criterion 4. step by step method or equal area criterion 128. In the equal area criterion if A2 129. stable 130. unstable 131. critically stable 132. stable or unstable The numerical methods are used to simulate 1. power system stability 2. faulted conditions 3. stability & fault conditions 4. only stability An alternator is capable of facing the problem of Hunting. It has 1. good steady state stability 2. good transient stability 3. good dynamic stability 4. load speed characteristics which are dropping The solution of point by point method adopted to solve swing equation gives 1. critical clearing time 2. clearing time 3. clearing angle

4. clearing angle & time The stability of transmission line can be improved by using 1. lightning arrestors 2. quick acting CB's 3. fuses 4. slow acting CB's The failure of excitation system affects 1. steady state stability 2. transient stability 3. steady state and transient stabilities 4. dynamic Normally power system operates 1. <450 2. 300 3. 900 4. <900 The limit of transient stability is ___ than steady state limit 1. less than 2. more than 3. equal 4. a greater than equal The CB is supposed to operate before ____ to improve____ stability 1. critical clearing time, transient 2. critical clearing time, dynamic 3. critical clearing time, steady state 4. clearing time , steady state From the stability point of view, the star point of the generator is _____ grounded 1. resistance 2. reactance 3. succeptance 4. admittance From the stability point of view, the star point of the motor is _____ grounded 1. reactance 2. resistance 3. succeptance 4. admittance For stability and economic reasons we operate the transmission line with power angle in the range 1. 300 to 450 2. 400 to 650 3. 650 to 900 4. 900 to 1800 If the torque angle is increases infinitely, the system will show 1. unstable operation 2. stable operation 3. marginally stable 4. critically stable The auto recloser unit in a modern CB improves ______ stability limit 1. transient 2. steady state 3. dynamic

4. steady state & dynamic A generator is connected to a synchronous motor. From stability point of view the generator neutral is ___ grounded and motor terminal is _____ grounded 1. resistance, reactance 2. reactance, resistanc 3. resistance, resistance 4. reactance, reactance Two synchronous machines having inertia constants M1 and M2 are swing together. The inertia constant of the combination is 1. 2. 3. 4. 100MW when transferred as a maximum power, when line reactance is 1 ohm, the fault increases the reactance to 4 ohms> The new value of maximum power is 1. 25MW 2. 50 MW 3. 75 MW 4. 100 MW If two lines in parallel, working as inter connectors, one of them switches off the new value of steady state power will _______ because the line transfer reactance is_____ 1. decreases, high 2. decrease, low 3. increase, high 4. increase, low It is required to improve transient stability of power system. Pick out wrong method 1. Use auto reclosing fast acting CB s 2. use AVR 3. operate heavy machines if possible 4. reduce reactance A synchronous motor of negligible resistance receiving 25% of power that it is capable of receiving from an infinite bus. If the load is suddenly doubled, the new power angle is ____ degrees 1. 300 2. 600 3. 900 4. 1200 If the torque angle is increases infinitely, the system will show 1. unstable operation 2. stable operation 3. marginally stable 4. critically stable A synchronous motor of negligible resistance receiving 25% of power that it is capable of receiving from an infinite bus. If the load is suddenly doubled, the new power angle is ____ degrees 1. 300 2. 600

3. 900 4. 1200