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MODERN BRITISH TOE’S Armour Armoured Regiment ca 1996/98 RHQ HQ Sqn Sqn x4 2 MBT, 4 Sultan, 1 Spartan, 1 4-ton FFR vehicle includes Recce Troop (8 Scimitar), 1 FV432 ambulance; LAD REME: 1 ARV, 1 FV432, 1 Samson ARV [12 MBT] Sqn HQ: 3 MBT, 1 Spartan, 1 1-ton FFR [fitted for radio] vehicle Troop x3: 3 MBT Admin Trp: 1 FV432 ambulance LAD REME: 1 ARV, 1 FV434, 1 FV432

This regiment (Type 50) has 558 personnel and 50 Challenger 1 MBT. As regiments re-equip with the Challenger 2 MBT, they were to have been reduced to three squadrons and a total of 38 MBT. (These 50- and 38-tank units are probably reduced establishments from the earlier 57 and 43 types.) In the 1998 Strategic Defense Review the government announced the intention to cut armoured regiments from seven to six, but to have all six remaining at a strength of four squadrons, equipped with the Challenger 2. Termed the Type 58 Armoured Regiment, this would indicate 58 tanks. The breakdown will be four squadrons of 14 MBT each (56) and 2 MBT at RHQ. The Type 50 regiment may have had 5 Ferret scout cars into the early 1990’s (1 at RHQ and 1 in each tank squadron HQ). At the time of Desert Storm (1990-91) a regiment (Type 57) had 57 tanks and 670 personnel. A variant was the Type 43 with 43 tanks. Type 57 Armoured Regiment RHQ: 1 MBT, 3 Sultan, 1 Spartan, 3 Ferret and 1 Land Rover HQ Sqn: 6 Land Rover FFR, 2 Land Rover, 1 1-ton Land Rover, 10 4-ton trucks, 2 Stalwart, 1 FV432 ambulance Recce Troop: 8 Scorpion GW Troop: 9 FV438, 2 Ferret SC, 2 4-ton trucks, 2 REME Land Rovers Sabre Sqn x4 Sqn HQ: 2 MBT, 1 Ferret SC, 1 Land Rover HQ Trop: 1 Land Rover FFR, 1 Land Rover, 3 Stalwart, 1 4-ton truck, 1 FV432 Ambulance 4 Troops, each 3 MBT REME: 1 FV432, 1 FV434, 1 ARV LAD REME: 1 ARV, 1 FV432, 1 Ferret SC, 1 Samson The Type 43 Armoured Regiment was identical, except that it had 3 squadrons. I am not sure when the FV438 went out of service. One source shows it replaced with 9 Striker, but I have never seen any other reference to the Striker being part of armoured regiments. The armoured regiment of the 1970’s was organized into RHQ (2 MBT, 4 FV432, 16 armoured cars, 8 FV438 Swingfire), HQ Sqn, and three squadrons (each 17 MBT, 1 Fox, 1 FV432), giving it 53 MBT, 19 Fox armoured cars, 8 ATGM (FV438), and 7 FV432. These were then reorganized in the 1980’s into much larger units: RHQ (2 MBT, 4 armoured cars, 4 FV432), HQ Sqn, and four squadrons (each 18 MBT, 1 armoured car and 1 FV432), for a total of 74 Chieftain MBT, 8 Fox armoured cars, and 9 FV432. If the four squadrons had only 15 tanks, the new regiment would have had 62 MBT. None of these sources indicate the presence of Ferret scout cars, although regiments at some earlier date (1960’s) included a recce troop of 12 Ferrets along with 2 in each squadron headquarters, and a later source suggests 1 Ferret in each squadron headquarters and 1 more at RHQ. Note: it is somewhat unlikely that any British armoured regiment actually maintained a full TOE, especially in the 1980’s and the early 1990’s. At the time of Desert Storm, for example, The Royal Scots Dragoon Guards had elements of four other regiments attached to bring them up to strength; The Queen’s Royal Irish Hussars had elements of one other regiment; and 14th/20th King’s Hussars had a complete squadron of the Life Guards and elements of another regiment. These were all drawn from BAOR, where most British armoured regiments were stationed. Armoured Reconnaissance Regiment ca 1996/97 RHQ 4 Sultan, 4 Spartan, 2 Land Rover FFR vehicles HQ Sqn includes LAD REME (1 Sultan, 1 Spartan, 1 Sampson, 1 wheeled recovery vehicle) Recce Sqn x4 Sqn HQ: 2 Sultan, 1 Spartan, 2 Land Rover FFR vehicles Recce Troop x3: 4 Scimitar GW Troop: 4 Striker Support Troop: 4 Spartan LAD REME: 1 Sampson, 1 Spartan This regiment has about 600 personnel, with 48 Scimitar and 16 Striker. The Scimitar were to be replaced with the Sabre (turret of old Fox armoured car on chassis of Scorpion). At the time of Desert Storm (1990-91) the only complete armoured recce regiment to deploy had three “medium recce” squadrons with it, which were organized as the squadrons shown above.

1 Ferret HQ Troop: 1 Samaritan. 1 Stalwart. This is not unlike the armoured car regiment of the 1960’s. 2 Land Rover FFR. 1 Ferret SC. and the other three still show a mix of Scorpions and Scimitars. 1 Land Rover FFR. but all of the Strikers have been consolidated in one squadron. each 2 Scorpion and 2 Scimitar Support Troop: 5 Spartan REME: 1 Samson. 4 Ferret SC HQ Sqn: 5 Land Rover FFR. 1 Samaritan. Yeomanry Armoured Reconnaissance Regiment . 1 wheeled light recovery vehicle Recce Sqn (Tracked) x2 Sqn HQ: 2 Sultan. it is unclear why this organization would exist. 2 Land Rover FFR HQ Troop: 2 Stalwart. 1 Samaritan. 1 1-ton Land Rover FFR. it also shows 20 Striker and 20 Spartan. 4 Land Rover. except now with tracked vehicles. 1 medium wheeled recovery vehicle As with the armoured regiment. 4 GW Troops. 11 4-ton trucks Recce Sqn x3 Sqn HQ: 2 Sultan. An alternative source shows two medium recce squadrons (8 Sultan and 16 Scorpion each) and a close recce squadron (10 Sultan and 40 Scimitar). 11 4-ton trucks Recce Sqn x4 Sqn HQ: 2 Sultan. Yet another UK-based armoured recce regiment TOE in one source shows a mixed wheeled/tracked organization: RHQ: 3 Sultan. 4 Land Rover. 1 Land Rover FFR. Some sources show an armoured recce regiment based in the UK with a different TOE than those in BAOR: RHQ: 3 Sultan. each 4 Scorpion Support Troop: 5 Spartan REME: 1 Spartan. 1 Samson. 1 Ferret SC. One possibility is a regiment based in the UK but designed for roles other than reinforcement of BAOR. 2 Land Rover FFR. which seems unlikely. 1 Stalwart. each 4 Scimitar GW Troop: 4 Striker Support Troop: 4 Spartan REME: 1 Samson. 1 Ferret HQ Troop: 1 Samaritan. 1 4-ton HGV Guided Weapons Sqn Sqn HQ: 2 Sultan. which were expected to be removed and was expected to gain a fourth squadron. 2 Land Rover FFR HQ Troop: 1 Samaritan. all in the close recce squadron. a source shows the regiment had three medium recce squadrons (four troops of 4 Scorpions) and a close recce squadron (five troops of 8 Scimitar). 4 Ferret SC HQ Sqn: 5 Land Rover FFR. each 4 Striker REME: 1 Samson. 4 4-ton trucks Recce Sqn (Wheeled) Sqn HQ: 2 Sultan. 3 4-ton trucks [alternative: 1 truck and 2 Stalwart] 4 Recce Troops. That source shows no Striker. 1 4-ton trucks 3 Recce Troops. 1 Ferret SC Hq Troop: 2 Stalwart. 2 Land Rover FFR. 1 wheeled medium recovery vehicle The vehicle count is actually about the same. The 1970’s version of the armoured recce regiment had 2 Scorpion at RHQ and three squadrons (each with five recce troops [3 Scorpion and 1 Striker] and an assault troop [5 Spartan]). 1 4-ton truck. but it seems unlikely the Strikers and Spartans were all in the one squadron. In the 1980’s. 1 Samson. 1 Spartan. 3 4-ton trucks 4 Recce Troops. It also had 6 light observation helicopters. 1 Ferret SC. Note that by Desert Storm the Scorpions were gone. it may have been a transition towards the elimination of the Scorpion. 1 1-ton Land Rover FFR. 1 Stalwart. 2 Land Rover FFR. 1 4-ton truck LAD REME: 1 Ferret SC.2 A very similar TOE is shown in another source: RHQ: 3 Sultan. 1 Samaritan. 1 Spartan. 3 4-ton trucks 4 Recce Troops. 1 Land Rover (FFR?). 1 Samaritan. While they did remain in British service in some capacity into the early 1990’s. they do not appear in TOE’s in most sources I have seen. 2 Land Rover FFR. This may be right overall. 1 4-ton truck LAD REME: 1 Ferret SC. 3 (2?) Land Rover FFR. 1 medium and 1 light wheeled recovery vehicles With no other references. 1 1-ton Land Rover FFR. 1 Samaritan. 1 Spartan. each 4 Fox armoured cars Support Troop: 5 Spartan REME: 1 Spartan. 1 Land Rover FFR. 1 Land Rover FFR. this is the only indication of the Ferret scout car still around in the RAC by the early 1990’s. 1 wheeled light recovery vehicle LAD REME: 1 Samson. It is unclear why a tracked regiment in the UK would differ from one in BAOR. 1 Stalwart. 4 Ferret SC HQ Sqn: 5 Land Rover FFR.

and 9 81mm mortars. 1 Land Rover FFR HQ Sqn: 4 Land Rover FFR. 1 ½-ton Land Rover FFR. 2 Land Rover FFR. 1 Warrior MCV 5 FV432. 1 Samaritan. 1medium wheeled recovery vehicle. organized in three squadrons1. 20 FV432. 1 FV432 ambulance. later increased to two. 3 Ferret SC. National Defence Reconnaissance Regiment Most Yeomanry regiments in the TA are equipped with Land Rovers. 1 Land Rover FFR. 5 8-ton. This does not show any vehicles for platoon headquarters. each 4 Fox AC Support Troop: 5 Spartan REME: 1medium wheeled recovery vehicle. 1 FCS Milan Platoon: 2 Warrior MCV and 2 Milan in HQ. 1 4-ton W/W and 1 4-ton truck Infantry Armoured Infantry Battalion ca 1996/97 Bn HQ HQ Coy Coy x3 FS Coy Coy HQ: 2 Warrior MCV. 3 FSC. This was essentially a new type of unit. 1 FV432. 1 FV434 and 1 Warrior (recovery) from REME LAD [14 Warrior MCV] Coy HQ: 2 Warrior MCV. REME: 1 Warrior (recovery) and 1 Warrior (repair) Platoon x3: 4 Warrior MCV 1 2 The Royal Wessex Yeomanry had four squadrons. and descended from the FV432-mounted mechanized infantry battalion. 13 4-ton trucks. The recce platoon was the same. 1 Ferret SC. 8 Scimitar. 2 ¾-ton FFR and 2 ¾-ton GS. 1 FV432 ambulance. In the FS company. 3 Although one source shows HQ (2 FV432) and 4 sections (each 3 FV432 and 5 Milan). 2 4-ton trucks. 2 Eager Beaver [?] Recce Sqn x4 Sqn HQ: 2 Sultan. 1 ¾-ton FFR and 1 1-ton Land Rover. 2 Land Rover FFR HQ Troop: 1 Land Rover FFR. but an all-wheeled unit (outside of the Spartans) would be consistent with other information known about the Territorials. 1 ½-ton Land Rover FFR. in this one the Warrior MCV in each mortar section seems improbable. 1 4-ton truck LAD REME: 1 Ferret SC. 3 sections each 3 Warrior MCV and 6 Milan [200 missiles] Recce Platoon: 8 Scimitar Mortar Platoon: 9 FV432 and 9 81mm mortars2 REME: 1 FV434. 1 Samson I have not see this discussed. 2 Land Rover.3 The TA from 1967 had one armoured recce regiment. 1 ½-ton GS. 8 4-ton. 10 HMLC. the AT platoon had 18 FV432 APCs3 and 24 Milan. At the time of Desert Storm (1990-91) the deployed battalions had around 850 personnel and only 45 Warrior MCV. . This organization could have continued after 1995 with replacement of the Fox armoured car by the new hybrid Sabre tracked reconnaissance vehicle. 1 Samaritan 5 Recce Troops. 1 Land Rover. Another source shows HQ (2 Sultan). RHQ: 3 ¼-ton Civilian Land Rovers. they have 315 personnel and 74 vehicles. 4 sections each 1 Warrior and 2 FV432 with 81mm mortars. 3 Ferret SC. the mortar platoon had 8 81mm mortars. A TOE for the Yeomanry showed: RHQ: 3 Sultan. After Options for Change in 1992 this was again reduced to one and the other became a specialized unit devoted to NBC reconnaissance. which seems improbable. 56 Warrior MCV. with larger numbers of the FV432 APC. These have a home defence task. 4 4-ton HGV. 20 Milan. 1 Samson The battalion has 732 personnel. 1 4-ton truck Recce Sqn x3 Sqn HQ: 2 ¼-ton Civilian Land Rovers Recce Troop x4: 4 ¼-ton Civilian Land Rovers Support Troop: 1 ¼-ton Civilian Land Rover and 1 4-ton truck Admin Troop: 1 ¼-ton Civilian Land Rover.

and a fire support company (mortar platoon [8 81mm mortars]. 5 Fox. assault pioneer platoons). 6 Milan. 8 Milan and 27 Carl Gustav. 9 81mm mortars. had 712 personnel. 6 81mm mortars. 1 Fox. 9 Carl Gustav ATGL). This is the basic organization for all units not armoured infantry or mechanized. A much earlier version of this battalion. 70 FV432. Weapons Company (6 81mm mortars. in FV432). parachute battalions (in the airborne role) had 603 personnel. and 6 81mm mortars. Battalions adapted for the airmobile role with 24 Airmobile Brigade had a strength of 680 and a different organization. from the early 1970’s. it appears the actual organization was three mechanized companies (platoons in FV432) and a fire support company that included a recce platoon (8 Scimitar). 6 Wombat. for a total of 700 men. 1 mobile section (4 Milan) Recce Platoon: 8 Scimitar [replacing 8 Fox armoured cars] Mortar Platoon: 9 81mm mortars MG Platoon: 9 GPMG The battalion has 685 personnel. and 9 81mm mortars. Patrol Company (signals. 74 FV432 APC. By the 1980’s. 24 Milan. 3 platoons Milan Platoon: 3 sections. Infantry Battalion [Light Role] ca 1996/97 Bn HQ HQ Coy Coy x3 FS Coy includes assault pioneer platoon 1 Saxon at coy HQ. Earlier. 14 FV432). 6 81mm mortars. 3 sections each 3 Saxon and 6 Milan. 4 Milan). Anti-Tank Infantry Battalion Bn HQ HQ Coy Support Coy Recce Platoon Mortar Platoon AT Platoon Airmobile Infantry Coy x3 Coy HQ 2 Infantry Platoons AT Platoon Two battalions in 24 Airmobile Brigade had this organization. These were to reorganize in the 1980’s into a 650-man battalion: Bn HQ (14 FV432. and three rifle companies (16 FV432. (This brigade disappeared September 1999 with much of its assets going to the new 16 Air Assault Brigade. A third battalion in the brigade was similar. [The number of Milan launchers does seem high for this period. 3 Saxon APC [13 Saxon APC] Coy HQ: 1 Saxon APC Platoon x3: 4 Saxon APC . 2 Fox. 5 armoured cars. each rifle platoon carried two GPMG at company headquarters. including battalions of The Parachute Regiment. AT platoon [6 Milan?]. 6 81mm mortars). and 16 Milan. mechanized battalions in the UK were mounted in the Saxon wheeled APC and retained the Fox as their recce vehicle. 8 Milan. mortar platoon (four sections of 2 81mm mortars each. giving 78 FV432. 2 Fox armoured cars). and MG platoon [6 GPMG and 4 .) Parachute battalions had 634 personnel. 7 Fox. 16 Milan. 8 Scimitar. but had two of the airmobile infantry companies and a light infantry company (three infantry platoons).] A 1977 variant shows Bn HQ (8 FV432.4 Mechanized Infantry Battalion ca 1996/97 Bn HQ HQ Coy Coy x3 FS Coy Milan Platoon: 2 Saxon APC/2 Milan.50-caliber MGs]). However. and an AT platoon (4 sections in FV432 with 5 Milan each and a mobile section with 4 Milan). 1 Fox armoured car. 51 Carl Gustav ATGL. Before establishment of the MG platoon in the Fire Support Company. HQ Coy. patrols [foot or Land Rover recce]. 64 Saxon. each 2 Milan Recce Platoon: 6 medium utility trucks [Land Rovers] Mortar Platoon: 9 81mm mortars MG Platoon: 9 GPMG The battalion has 625 personnel. and four companies (each 16 FV432. organized into Bn HQ. three rifle companies. giving it somewhat fewer Milan. HQ Coy. with 50+ Milan in the unit.

they used the US M109A1 SP 155mm howitzer and (earlier still) the Abbott SP 105mm howitzer. indicating that a commando in the 1908’s was 700+ personnel (up from 680 in the 1960’s). with 6 howitzers each. Aviation.5” Infantry Support Weapons (ISWS). The final type of regiment has the Rapier SAM. it lasted to March 1993. 3 troops of 30 and HQ of 24] Support Coy [154 personnel] AT Troop (14 Milan) Mortar Troop (6 81mm mortars) Recce Troop Assault Pioneer Troop Total strength 678 personnel (if HQ is included in the HQ Company total). Spartan. Earlier (when there were more of them). Weapons included 9 81mm and 9 51mm mortars. later three batteries of 4). BAOR organized three regiments with two batteries of Honest John rockets (2 launchers each) and two batteries of towed 8” howitzers (4 barrels each). A missile regiment with 12 Lance SSM was formed 1975-77 (originally four batteries of 3 missiles. While the nominal total was 32. A towed Rapier battery has 8 launchers. 18 0. and was intended to reinforce units tasked for an ARRC role (it also allowed elimination of four more companies in the Territorial Army). Information from the RM web page indicates that a Commando at the end of the 1990’s would have 650 personnel in peace and 700-plus in wartime. these regiments had three batteries (still probably 6 actual and 8 nominal barrels each). These had four batteries. transport and admin troops) [182 personnel] Rifle Coy x3 [114 personnel. The last regular unit gave these up around 1995. Javelin can be mounted on the FV432. Another source shows 56 in Cdo HQ but does not give a separate strength for HQ Company. along with a special forward observation battery. with either three or four batteries. The most common field regiment was that equipped with the AS90 SP 155mm. and 12 0. These can be shoulder launched or mounted on the Stormer APC (with 8-round launcher and 20 reload missiles). Two regiments have the 105mm light gun. In 1960. the RA in the 1990’s has quite a variety of organizations. Royal Marine Commando 1982 Cdo HQ HQ Coy (signals. only 6 guns in each battery are manned in peacetime. of 8 guns each. or wheeled vehicles.5” Browning machine-guns. and now they are found only in the Territorial Army. These lasted to 1976-77 when both weapons were retired. and all had by the early 1990’s. Artillery. 13 sustained fire (SF) machine-guns. and Engineers Royal Artillery Given the small number of regiments. The parachute regiment has three batteries (6 guns each) and the commando regiment the same. This type of unit was created in 1995 (four battalions were converted) and would disappear in 1999. Before the AS90 was introduced. The AT Troop may have been reduced to 12 Milan by 1990’s. The basic towed field regiment has three batteries of the 155mm FH70. Territorial Army Fire Support Battalion ca 1996/97 Bn HQ FS Coy x2 Milan Platoon: 6 Milan? Mortar Platoon: 9 81mm mortars MG Platoon: 9 GPMG This battalion had 376 personnel. The heavy regiment has two batteries of MLRS (9 each) and a locating battery. There are regiments with the Javelin (successor to the Blowpipe SAM): each three batteries (36 launchers each). . and the battalions may have regained mortar and Milan platoons. One regiment has 108 Starstreak HVM launchers among three batteries. Air defence regiments have a variety of equipment and organizations in the 1990’s. battalions had four companies. with pioneer and recce platoons attached to other companies.5 Territorial Army Infantry Battalion ca 1996/97 Bn HQ HQ Coy Coy x3 includes assault pioneer and recce platoons 2 platoons with third platoon to be activated and manned by reservists on mobilization The battalion would have around 500 men. The first heavy regiment had converted to MLRS by the time of the Gulf War. 100 94mm ATGL. The HQ company as such disappeared in 1999. These were replaced in the 1980’s with the US M110A1 SP 8” howitzer. Prior to 1992. a SP battery 12. Each also had a volunteer battery that could be added on mobilization. Those with an Allied Rapid Reaction Corps (ARRC) role on mobilization would be reinforced with Milan and mortar platoons from a fire support (FS) battalion. In the mid-1970’s a heavy regiment had 12 (later 16) US M107 SP 175mm guns.

James. The support squadron includes a bridging troop (two medium girder bridges). The Royal Artillery also had batteries with the shoulderlaunched Blowpipe SAM. Field Squadron Sqn HQ (2 Sultan. Charles. These will be delivered 2000-2002. (London: Windrow & Greene Publishing Ltd.htm Collins/Jane’s Modern Tanks. Paul also shows them. 48 Apache Longbow (WAH-64) helicopters have been ordered to outfit three regiments: 3rd. The British Army: A Pocket Guide.net/~cinglory/fkac/history/histindex. Barnsley: Pen & Sword Books Ltd. 1 Stalwart. “For King and Country: The History of the British Army”. and an LAD REME. An amphibious squadron has 170 personnel and 36 M2/M3 ferries. At one time squadrons were probably all-Lynx or all-Gazelle. Armoured engineer squadrons have four troops with 3 AVRE and 3 AVLB each. Carl. 3 Spartan. Squadrons in Germany had 6 and 8. 1995 [this is the source showing the Ferret scout cars.crosswinds. 4th and 9th in the new 16 Air Assault Brigade. 1997/19998 (6th ed. 2 4-ton trucks (1 fuel) The squadron total is around 200 men and 68 vehicles. Paul.62mm MG).uk/careers/marines/index. New York: Bonanza Books. either FV432 or Spartan APC Support Troop includes 5 combat engineer tractors. 1997. 1 Stalwart) Field Troop x3 [82 personnel and 7 APCs] Troop HQ (46 personnel. a support squadron.). 6 4-ton trucks. air defence regiments were equipped with the Rapier (36 launchers).uk/army/equip/index. and resources troop (3 cranes and 3 10-ton trucks). The regiment has a strength of about 650 personnel. plant troop (1 crane. Jane’s AFV Recognition Handbook.6 Earlier. [Nov 1999:] http://matrix. 1 digger. The British Army of the Rhine (Europa/Militaria No 19). 1995. but either followed Schülze in many of his TOE’s or they have a common source] .) Brassey’s Artillery of the World. Another type of squadron has 11 Lynx AH. [Oct 1999:] http://www. British Army. Army Air Corps Two basic squadrons exist in the 1990’s.mod. counting its attached REME LAD. respectively. 1987. 1977. tractors. 3 tractors. Shelford (ed.htm Schülze. In the UK the regiment would usually have two field squadrons and be mounted in wheeled vehicles (Land Rovers or 4-ton trucks) instead of tracked APCs. Christopher F. Heyman. 5 Land Rover. 1 Ferret.mod. giving the squadron 12 of each vehicle. These were often found attached to field regiments. [Oct 1999:] http://www. and diggers). SOURCES Bidwell.html] Royal Marines. London: Jane’s Publishing Company Ltd. Most have 6 Lynx AH with TOW and 6 Gazelle light helicopters (can be armed with 7. Foss. three field squadrons. Royal Engineers The basic divisional regiment in Germany has RHQ. but may have normally been part of an air defence regiment.royal-navy. Glasgow: HarperCollins. 1 4-ton vehicle) Section x4 (each 1 APC and 9 personnel). HQ squadron.army.

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