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Chain stitch

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Hand-embroidery of Celtic knotwork in chain stitch on Harris tweed fabric, United States, 1990s.

Chain stitch. Chain stitch is a sewing and embroidery technique in which a series of looped stitches form a chain-like pattern.[1] Chain stitch is an ancient craft - examples of surviving Chinese chain stitch embroidery worked in silk thread have been dated to the Warring States period (5th-3rd century BC).[2] Handmade chain stitch embroidery does not require that the needle pass through more than one layer of fabric. For this reason the stitch is an effective surface embellishment near seams on finished fabric. Because chain stitches can form flowing, curved lines, they are used in many surface embroidery styles that mimic "drawing" in thread.[3] Chain stitches are also used in making tambour lace, needlelace, macram and crochet. Chain stitch is also a technique used to shorten rope or cable for storage or while in use; see Chain sinnet.

Contents
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1 Applications o 1.1 Hand embroidery o 1.2 Machine sewing and embroidery 2 Variants o 2.1 Stitch gallery 3 See also 4 Notes 5 External links 6 References

[edit] Applications

Machine embroidery in chain stitch on a voile curtain, China, early 21st century.

[edit] Hand embroidery


Chain stitch and its variations are fundamental to embroidery traditions of many cultures, including Kashmiri numdahs, Iranian Resht work, Central Asian suzani, Hungarian Kalotaszeg "written embroidery",[4], Jacobean embroidery, and crewelwork.

[edit] Machine sewing and embroidery


Chain stitch was the default stitch used by early sewing machines; however, as it is easily unraveled from fabric, this was soon replaced with the more secure lockstitch. Machine embroidery in chain stitch, often in traditional hand-worked crewel designs, is found on curtains, bed linens, and upholstery fabrics.

[edit] Variants

"Drawing" or outlining in basic chain stitch Variations of the basic chain stitch include:

Back-stitched chain stitch Braid stitch Cable chain stitch Knotted chain stitch Open chain stitch Petal chain stitch Rosette chain stitch Singalese chain stitch Twisted chain stitch Wheat-ear stitch Zig-zag chain stitch

[edit] Stitch gallery

Braid stitch

Cable chain stitch Knotted chain stitch Open chain stitch

Petal chain stitch

Rosette chain stitch Rosette chain line

Singalese chain stitch

Zig-zag chain stitch Twisted chain stitch Wheat-ear stitch