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Here you find IAS Prelims General Studies Solved Question Paper I.

UPSC conducted Civil Services Preliminary Examination 2011 on 12 June 2011. You can read these questions and prepare yourself for coming IAS Prelims and other important exams of India. 1. In 1. 2. 3. 4. the Union Budget 2011-12, a full exemption from asphalt, can can ceo-friendly be be to use the basic customs duty was extended is made made bioasphalt to the bio-based not from from for asphalt (bioasphalt). based nonorganic surfacing What is on renewable waste of the the importance fossil of this material? fuels. resources. materials. roads.

Unlike Bioasphalt Bioasphalt It




Which of the statements given above are correct? (a) (b) (c) (d) 1,2,3 and 4 Ans: b 2. Consider the following:1. 2. 3. Carbon Oxides Oxides of of dioxide Nitrogen Sulphur 1,2 1,3 2 and and and 3 4 4 only only only

Which of the above is/are the emission/emissions from coal combustion at thermal power plants? (a) (b) (c) (d) 1, 2 and 3 Ans:d 3. Satellites used for telecommunication relay are kept in a geostationary orbit. A satellite is said to be in such an orbit when: 1. 2. 3. 4. Select (a) (b) (c) (d) 1, 2, 3 and 4 Ans: a 4. India 1.Due 2. 3. to a As has gradual a experienced switchover to consequnce The the persistent,and high food the inflation in the cultivation patterns chain of of the food recent grains the past,what could in the last undergone structural be five a the years by significant about reasons? 30%. change. constraints, The The The The the 1, 1, 2 orbit orbit correct lies is answer 2 3 and in at using and and 4 orbit orbit the an the is is plane altitude codes 3 4 of the of Earth's 22,236 given geosynchronous. circular. equator. km. below: only only Only 2 1 1 and and 3 3 only only only

cultivation of commercial crops, of increasing incomes,the food

area under consumption supply

has steadily decreased people have has

Which of the statements given above are correct ? (a) (b) (c) (d) 1, 2 and 3 Ans: b 5. At 1. 2. 3. Which (a) (b) (c) (d) 1, 2 and 3 Ans: 6. In terms of economy, the visit by foreign nationals to witness the XIX Common Wealth Games in India amounted to (a) (b) (c) (d) Consumption Ans: 7. Microbial 1. 2. 3. Which (a) (b) (c) (d) 1, 2 and 3 Ans: 8. Which one of the following statements ensure the loans the to appropriately supply of Government agriculture and goods to allied to sectors describes meet boost to the "fiscal They They They can of fuel use be cells living use installed the 1 2 1 and and are organisms a in considered as waste variety water Statements catalysts of treatment a to plants given only 3 3 only only c stimulus"? growth. country inflation source generate inorganic to of sustainable electricity materials water from as and is/are produce energy.Why certain Exports Imports Production a ? substrates. substrates. electricity. correct? present, scientists It It It of 1 1 is is the can determine is possible the arrangement possible to possible or relative positions to understand to statements and 2 and of genes or know the develop given DNA sequences the causes on a chromosome.How pedigree of disease-resistant above 2 3 all does this knowledge benefit us? 1 2 1 and and and 2 3 3 only only only

of human animal is/are

livestock. diseases. breeds, correct? only Only only c

cleanse above

(a) It is a massive investment by the Government in manufacturing sector to (b) It is an intense affirmati ve action of (c) It is Government's intensive action on financial institutions to ensure disbursement of (d) It is an extreme affirmative action by the Government to pursue its policy of financial inclusion Ans: b 9. The formation of ozone hole in the Antarctic region has been a

the demand surge caused by rapid economic economic activity in the promote greater food pr oduction and contain food





could and Clouds; inflow



reason inflow


the of





(a) Presence of (b) Presence of .prominent (c) Absence of polar (d) Increased temperature at polar region due to golbal warming Ans: b 10. Consider 1. 2. 3. the

prominent polar front


tropo-spheric front and stratospheric

turbulence; stratospheric': clouds; and

and of

inflow methane

of and

chlorofluorocarbons chlorofluorocarbons chlorofluorocarbons

following Devaluing

actions the in



Governnient domestic


take: currency. subsidy. FIIs.


Reduction suitable

the attract greater FDI and more

export funds from



Which (a) (b) (c) (d) 1 and 3 Ans: d 11. The 1. 2. 3. Select (a) (b) (c) (d) 1, 2 and 3 Ans:




action/actions 1 2




reducing and and




deficit? 2 3 only



Amend-ment) Constitution



















following? Committees. elections. Commissions. below: only only only c


Election Establishment the correct

of Commissions of answer

District to State using 1 ans and the codes conduct all

Planning panchayat Finance given

1 2

2 3

12. Two important rivers - one with its source in Jharkhand (and known by a different name in Odisha), and another,with its source in Odisha - merge at a place only a short distance from the coast of Bay of Bengal before flowing into the sea. This is an important site of wildlife and biodiversity and a protected area. Which (a) (b) (c) (d) Simlipal Ans: a 13. A rapid increase in the rate of inflation is drastic the price levels sometimes deficiency surge of attributed in in previous to the supply demand year "base due due on the effect", to to rapid calculation What is failure of "base effect" ? crops growth rate one of the following could be this? Bhitarkanika Chandipur-on-sea Gopalpur-on-sea

(a) It is the impact of (b) It is the impact of (c) It is the impact of the (d) None of the statements (a), (b) and (c) given above is correct in this context Ans: c 14. India is regarded high high high as population population population a

of economic inflation

country in in in

With the the the

"Demographic age age age

Dividend" group group group

This below of above

is 15 15-64 65


to years years years

(a) Its (b) Its (c) Its (d) Its high total population Ans: b 15. Regarding "carbon




of ratified that is

the in have to



is the below of carbon

not Kyoto their emission dioxide

correct? Protocol quota emission

(a) The carbon credit system was (b) Carbon credits are awarded to countries or groups (c) The goal of the carbon credit system (d) Carbon credits are traded at a price fixed from time to time by the United Nations Environment Programme Ans: d 16. Which one of the following is not a feature of "Value Added Tax" ?

conjunction with reduced greenhouse gases limit the increase

(a) It is a multi-point (b) It is a tax levied on value addition at each (c) It is a tax on the final consumption of goods or (d) It is basically a subject of the Cental Government and the State Governments are only a facilitator for its successful implementation Ans: d 17. A "closed economy" is an economy in which (a) the (b) (c) (d) neither exports nor imports take place Ans: d 18. When the bark of a tree is removed in a circular fashion all around near its base,it gradually dries up and dies because (a) Water (b) (c) Tree (d) Roots do not receive oxygen for respiration Ans: a 19. The "New START" treaty was In the news. What is this treaty? (a) It is a bilateral strategic (b) It is a multilateral energy (c) It is a treaty between the (d) It is a multilateral cooperation treaty among the BRICS countries Species richness Ans: a nuclear security Russian arms reduction cooperation treaty Federation and from Roots is soil are infected cannot money deficit only supply financing exports

destination-based stage of services and

system transaction in must ultimately

the be borne

of production-distribution by the

taxation chain consumer

is takes take


controlled place place

rise starved by

to of soil


parts energy microbes

treaty among the

between the European

the members Union

USA of for

and' the the

the East energy

Russian Asia security

Federation Summit cooperation

20. Three of the following criteria have contributed to the recognition of western Ghats-Sri Lanka and Indo-Burma regions as hotspots of biodiversity: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Species Vegetation Ethno-botanical Threat fauna richness density Endemism. importance perception conditions









Which three of the above are correct criteria in this context? (a) (b) (c) (d) 3,4 and 6 Ans: 21. Human activities in the recent past have caused the increased concentration of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere, but a lot of it does not remain in the lower atmosphere because of 1. 2. 3. Which (a) (b) (c) (d) 3 only Ans: c Its The The of trapping the 1 2 2 and escape photosynthesis of statements into by air phyto-plankton in given and 3 the in the above polar is/are outer the ice strato-sphere. oceans. caps correct? 2 only only 1,2 2,4 1,3 and and and 6 6 5 c

22. In 1. 2. 3.




ecosystem decomposer







as to




marine the



br inging

the surface. surface. surface.

microorganisms to organisms

nutrients bottom-dwelling

the to the

Which of the statements given above is/are correct ? (a) (b) (c) (d) 3 only Ans: d 23. If a tropical rain forest is removed, it does not regenerate quickly as compared to a tropical deciduous forest. This is because (a) the soil (b) propagules of (c) the (d) exotic species invade the fertile soil of rain forest Ans: a 24. The Himalayan Range is has is and invasive very rich a a species in species diversity. high Which one among the that of riot been following is supports the most appropriate luxuriant different introduced reason for this Phenomenon? growth zones region of the rain trees forest rain in forest a species is rain forest are deficient have slowin poor nutrients viability growing 1 2 2 and and 2 only 3

(a) It (b) It (c) Exotic (d) It has less human interference Ans: b

rainfall confluence have

vegetative bio-geographical in this

25. With reference to India, consider the following Central Acts: 1. 2. 3. 4. Import Mining Indian and Customs Forest and Mineral Export Development Act, Act, (Control) (Regulation) Act, Act, 1947 1957 1962 1927

Which of the above Acts have relevance to/bearing on the biodiversity conser-vation in the country? (a) (b) (c) (d) None of the above Acts Ans: c 26. Karl Marx explained the process of class struggle with Empirical Darwin's theory of the help of which one of the following theories? liberalism Existentialism evolution 1 2, 1, 3 2, and and 3 3 4 and only only 4

(a) (b) (c) (d) Dialectical materialism Ans: d

27. A layer in the Earth s atmosphere called Ionosphere facilitates radio communication. Why? 1. 2. The Radio presence of waves ozone 'causes have the,reflection a of very radio waves long to Earth. wavelength

Which of the statements given above is/are correct. a) b) c) d) Neither 1 nor 2 Ans: c 28. Both Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) and Foreign Institutional Investor (FII) (a) FII helps bring (b) FII helps in (c) FDI flows (d) FII is considered to be more stable than FDI Ans: b 29. A genetically engineered form of brinjal,Known as the Bt-brinjal, has been developed. The objective of this is (a) (b) (c) (d) To make its shelf-life longer Ans: a 30. With 1. 2. 3. The member The There is reference insured under Member a provision to scheme insured for free the "Aam must be must scholarship the for Admi head be up to of in two the Bima family the children or of Yojana", an. earning age the consider member of group insured who the of are the family studying in 30 a between following rural to landless classes 65 9 statements: houseand hold. years. 12. To To To improve its make make taste and it it nutritive pest-resistant qualities drought-resistant better increasing only are related to investment in a country. Which one of the following statements best represents an important difference between the two ? skills availability the and in secondary technology, general, market, while while while FDI FDI FII only only targets targets brings in specific primary capital sectors. market 1 2 Both 1 and Only only 2

management capital into

Which of the statements given above is/ are correct? (a) (b) (c) (d) 1, 2 and 3 Ans: c 31. In 1. 2. 3. which (a) (b) (c) (d) 1, 2 and 3 Ans: b 32. The Function of heavy water in a nuclear reactor is to (a) (b) (c) (d) Stop the nuclear reaction Ans: a 33. In 1. 2. India, if It The President a religious can of sect/community is given the status and nominates of a national minority, what special exclusive the advantages it is entitled to ? Slow Increase Cool down the down the speed the speed of of neutrons neutrons reactor the context it It It of the of global is is does statements 2 and and oil prices. "Brent a crude oil" is major sourced not given above frequently referred to in the news. of from contain is/are north What does crude this term imply? oil. sea. sulphur. correct? only only only 2 1 1 and and 3 3 only only only


1 1

2 3


establish automatically

administer representative


educational community to


institutions. Sabha.












Which of the statements given above is/are correct? (a) (b) (c) (d) 1, 2 and 3 Ans: c 34. India is home to lakhs of persons with disabilities. What are the benefits available to' them under the law? 1. 2. 3. Free Preferential schooling till allotment Ramps the of in age land of 18 for years setting public in government-run up schools. business. buildings. 2 1 1 and and 3 3 only only onJy

Which of the statements given above is/are correct? (a) (b) (c) (d) 1, 2 and 3 Ans: d 35. With 1. 2. 3. Select (a) (b) (c) (d) 1, 2 and 3 Ans: d 36. The authorization for the withdrawal of funds from the Consolidated Fund of India must come from (a) (b) (c) (d) The Union Finance Minister Ans: b 37. All revenues received (a) (b) (c) (d) Deposits and Advances Fund Ans: c 38. Microfinance 1. 2. 3. 4. is the provision of financial services to people of low-income groups. This includes both the consumers and the self-employed.The service/ services rendered under microfinance is/ are : by the Union Government Contingency Consolidated by way of taxes and Public Fund of other Fund receipts for the conduct of Government of business are credited to the India Account India The The The Prime President Parliament Minister of of of India India India what To To To the purpose provide increase provide is good the emerging correct the Government infrastructure processing and answer of facilities of eco-friendly using 1 and and India promoting for the perishable food the the concept food items processing codes of "Mega processing and technologies Food processing reduce to given Parks" ? 2 1 1 and and 3 3 only only only

industry. wastage. entrepreneurs. below: only only only

1 2

2 3







Credit Savings Insurance answer 1 and and







facilities facilities facilities lists: only only only d

(a) (b) (C) (d) 1, 2, 3 and 4 Ans:

1 2

4 3

39. Southeast Asia has captivated the attention. of global community' over space and time as a geostrategically significant region. Which among the following is the most convincing explanation for this global perspective ? (a) It was the (b) Its location between (c) It was the arena (d) Its location between the Pacific and Indian oceans and its pre-eminent maritime character Ans: d 40. A 1. 2. 3. company The The The oils marketing food food food used products advertises products products are that its are are not likely not to items do not not made damage contain transfats. made out the cardiovascular What out of health does this of animal campaign signify to the customers? oils. oils. consumers. hot the of superpower theatre Asian during powers confrontation the of during the Second China Cold World and War War India period

hydrogenated fats/ of the

Which of the statements given above is/are correct? (a) (b) (c) (d) 1, 2 and 3 Ans: c 41. Among the following who are eligible to benefit from the "Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act" ? (a) Adult (b) Adult (c) Adult (d) Adult members of any household Ans: d 42. With reference to "Look East Policy" of India, consider the following statements: 1. 2. 3. India India India wants wants wants to to to restore establish plug the itself the historical and as an vacuum cultural important created ties regional by with its player the neighbours in the East termination of in Southeast Asian Cold and East affairs. War. Asia. members of members members only of of the scheduled below households caste poverty of and line all scheduled (BPL) backward tribe households households communities 2 1 1 and and 3 3 only only only

Which of the statements given above is/are correct? (a) (b) (c) 3 only (d) 1, 2 and 3 Ans: 43. When the annual Union Budget is not passed by the Lok Sabha, (a) the Budget (b) the Budget is (c) the Union (d) the Prime Minister submits the resignation of Council of Ministers Ans: d 44. Under the Constitution of India, which one of the following is not a fundamental duty? is referred Finance to Minister modified the is Rajya asked and Sabha presented for to again suggestions resign b 1 1 and 3 only only

(a) To (b) To (c) (d) To abide by the Constitution and respect its ideals Ans: a

vote develop To safeguard

in the public

public scientific

elections temper property

45. With reference to the Finance Commission of India, which of the following statements is correct? (a) It encourages the (b) It facilitates the proper (c) It (d) None of the statements (a), (b) and (c) given above is correct in this context. Ans: d 46. Consider the following: 1. 2. 3. Right Right to Right equal access to to to public education. service. food. inflow distribution ensuresjransparency of of foreign finances in capital among for the financial Public infrastructure Sector development Undertakings administration

Which of the above is/ are Human Right/Human Rights under "Universal Declaration of Human Rights"? (a) (b) (c) (d) 1, 2 and 3 Ans: 47. There is a concern over the increase in harmful algal blooms in the seawaters of India. What could be the causative factors for this phenomenon? 1. 2. 3. Select (a) (b) (c) (d) 1, 2 and 3 Ans: b 48. Consider 1. 2. 3. 4. Which (a) (b) (c) (d) 1, 2,3 and 4 Ans: c 49. Recently, Arrangement". the OSA decided to What support India's membership is In multi-lateral the export control regimes called difference the "Australia Group" between and the "Wassenaar them? of the the foliowing: Photosynthesis Respiration matter action cycle 4 3 and 4 on Earth ? only only only Discharge Run-off Upwelling the Correct 1 2 answer of from the in from 1 and and the nutrients land from during the codes 2 3 given the the estuaries. monsoon. seas. below: only only only 1 1 and 3 2 only only only d


of Volcanic add carbon dioxide and and 3 to the carbon


above 1 2 2,

1. The Australia Group is an informal arrangement which aims to allow exporting countries to minimize the risk of assisting chemical and biological weapons proliferation, whereas the Wassenaar Arrangement is a formal group under the OECD holding identical objectives. 2. The Australia Group comprises predominantly of Asian, African and North American countries, whereas the member countries of Wassenaar'Arrangement are predominantly,from the European Union and American continents.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct? (a) (b) (c) (d) Neither 1 nor 2 Ans: 50. The surface of a lake is frozen in severe winter, but the water at its bottom is still liquid. What is the reason? (a) Ice (b) Since the surface of (c) The density (d) None of the statements (a), (b) and (c) given above is correct. Ans: c 51. A sandy and saline area is the natural habitat of an Indian animal species. The animal has no predators in that area but its existence is threatened due to the destruction of its habitat. Which one of the following could be that animal? (a) (b) (c) (d) Indian gazelle Ans: b 52. La Nina is suspected to have caused recent floods in Australia. How IS La Nina different from EI Nino? 1. La Nina is characterised by un-usually cold ocean' temperature in equatorial indian 2. El Nino has adverse effect on south-west monsoon of India, but La Nina has no effect on monsoon climate. Which of the statements given above is/are correct? (a) (b) (c) (d) Neither I nor 2 Ans: d 53. The tendency for increased litigation was visible after the introduction of the land settlement system of Lord Cornwallis in 1793. The reason for this is normally traced to which of the following provisions? (a) Making (b) Making (c) (d) None of the (a), (b) and (c) above Ans: b 54. Which one of the following observations is not true about the Quit India Movement of 1942 ? (a) It (b) It (c) It (d) It did not attract the labour class in general Ans: b 55. Which amongst the following provided a common factor for tribal insurrection in India in the 19th century ? (a) Introduction of a new (b) Influence of (c) Rise of a large number of (d) The complete disruption of the old agrarian order of the' tribal communities system foreign money of lenders, land religious traders revenue missionaries revenue and farmers taxation in as of middlemen tribal in tribal tribal products areas areas was was was led a a by spontanous non-violent Mahatma movement Gandhi movement Zarnindar East Making 's India judicial position Company system stronger an vis-a-vis overlord more the of ryot Zamindars efficient 1 2 Both 1 and only only 2 Ocean whereas EI Nino-is -Characterised "by 'unusually warm ocean temperature in the equatorial Pacific Ocean. Indian Indian Indian wild wild wild buffalo ass boar is the a lake of is at the water bad same temperature is conductor as the maximum of air, no at heat is heat lost 4C 1 2 Both 1 and only only 2 a


Ans: c 56. India maintained its early cultural contacts and trade links with Southeast Asia across the Bay of Bengal. For this pre-eminence of early maritime history of Bay of Bengal, which of the following could be the most convincing explanation/explanations? (a) As compared to other (b) The rulers of southern (c) Monsoon winds (d) Both (a) and (b) are convincing explanations inthiscontext Ans: 57. What' IS the difference between Bluetooth. and Wi-Fi devices? (a) Bluetooth uses 2-4GHz .radio frequency band, whereas Wi-Fi can use 2-4 GHz or 5GHz frequency band (b) Bluetooth is used for Wireless Local Area Networks ,(WLAN) only, whereas Wi-Fi is used for Wireless Wide Area Networks (WWAN) only (c) When information is transmitted between two devices using Blue- tooth technology, the devices have to be in the line of sight of each other, but when Wi-Fi technology is used the devices need not be in the line of sight of each other (d) The statemen (a) and (b) given above are correctin this context Ans: a 58. With reference to micro-irrigation, which of the following statements is/are correct ? 1. Fertilizer/nutrient 2. It is the 3. In some areas of farming, receding of ground water table can be checked. Select the correct answer using the codes given below: (a) (b) (c) (d) 1, 2 and 3 Ans: 59. With reference to the period of colonial rule in India, "Home -Charges" formed an important part of drain of wealth from India. Which of the following funds constituted "Home Charges" ? 1.Funds used 2. Funds used to 3. Funds used for waging wars outside India by the British. Select the correct answer using the codes given below: (a) (b) (c) (d) 1, 2 and 3 Ans: 60. What was the reason for Mahatma Gandhi to organize a satyagraha on behalf of the peasants of Kheda ? 1. The Administration did not 2. The Administration proposed to introduce Permanent Settlement in Gujarat. Which of the statements given above is/ are correct? (a) (b) (c) (d) Neither 1 or 2 Ans: 61. Biodiversity forms the basis for human existence in the following ways: 1. 2. 3. 4. Pollination of crops Select the correct answer using the codes given below: (a) (b) (c) (d) 1, 2, 3 and 4 Ans: d 62. Aspartame is an artificial sweetener sold in the market. It consists of amino acids and provides calories like other amino acids. Yet, it is used as a low-calorie sweetening agent in food items. What is the basis of this use ? (a) Aspartame is as sweet as table sugar, but unlike table sugar, it is not readily oxidized (b) When aspartame is used in food processing, the sweet taste remains, (c) Aspartame is as sweet as sugar, but after ingestion into the body, it is (d) Aspartame is several times sweeter than table "sugar, hence food items made with small quantities of aspartame yield fewer calorieson oxidation Ans: c 63. What was the purpose with which Sir William Wedderburn and W. S. Caine had set up the Indian Parliamentary Committee in 1893 ? (a) To agitate for (b) To campaign for (c) To facilitate a (d) To agitate for the entry of eminent Indians into the British Parliament Ans: a 64. What is the difference between a CFL and an LED lamp ? 1. To produce light, a 2. The average life 3. A CFL is less energy-efficient as compared to an LED lamp. Which of the statements given above Is/are correct ? (a) (b) (c) (d) 1, 2 and 3 Ans: 65. Recently, "oilzapper" was in the news. What is it ? (a) It is an eco-friendly (b) It is the (c) It is a (d) It is the latest technology to control the accidentally caused flames from oil wells Ans: a 66. A married couple adopted a male child. A few years ,later, twin boys were born to them. The blood group of the couple is AB positive and 0 negative. The blood group of. the three sons is A positive, B positive, and 0 positive. The blood group of the adopted son is (a) (b) (c) (d) Cannot be determined on the basis of the given data Ans: 67. Mahatma Gandhi said that some of his deepest convictions were reflected in a book titled,"Unto this Last" and the book transformed his life. What was the message from the book that transformed Mahatma Gandhi? (a) (b) Uplifting The the good oppressed of and individual poor is is contained the in moral the responsibility good of of an all educated man . O A B positive positive positive a technology latest genetically for technology the engineered remediation developed high of for oily sludge under-sea biofuel-yielding and oil maize oil spills exploration variety 2 1 1 and and 3 3 only only only c CFL span uses of mercury a vapour' CFL and is phosphor much while longer an than LED that lamp of uses an semi-conductor LED material. lamp. Indian the discussion political entry on reforms of India's in Indians Independence the into in House the the of Imperial British Commons Judiciary Parliament in human but it converted body due to lack 'beccmes resistant metabolites that of req uisite to oxidayield no enzymes tion calories 1, 2, 1 2 3 and and and 4 3 4 only only only Soil Prevention Recycling of of soil formation erosion waste 1 2 Both 1 and only only 2 a suspend the land revenue collection in spite of a drought. I 2 1 and and 2 3 only only only a to pay support salaries and the pensions India of British Office personnel in engaged in London. India. 2 1 1 and and 3 3 only only only c only loss means of can irrigation in be dry land reduced. farming. countries, India India always across had patronized the a better traders, Bay strip-building brahmin priests of technology and in buddhist Bengal ancient and monks in facilitaied.seayo medieval this times context Yagages d


(c) The life of (d) All the statements (a), (b) and (c) are correct in this context Ans:










68. With reference to Indian (a) Running the secret Congress (b) Participating in (c) Leading a (d) Assisting in the formation of Interim Government under Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru Ans: a

freedom Radio the contingent

struggle, in Second of

Usha the wake

Mehta of Round Indian

is Quit Table National

well-known India

for Movement Conference Army

69. A new optical disc format known as the Blu-ray Disc (BD) is becoming popular. In what way is it different from the traditional DVD? 1. DVD supports 2. Compared to a 3. Thickness of BD is 2-4 mm while that of DVD is1-2 mm. Which of the statements given above is! are correct? (a) (b) (c) (d) 1, 2 and 3 Ans: 70. With reference to the period of Indian freedom struggle, which of the following was/were recommended by the Nehru report ? 1. Complete 2. Joint electorates 3. Provision of fundamental rights for the people of India in the Constitution. Select (a) (b) (c) (d) 1, 2 and 3 Ans: 71. Among the following States, which one has the most suitable climatic conditions for the cultivation of a large variety of orchids with minimum cost of production, and can develop an export oriented industry in this field? (a) (b) (c) (d) Uttar Pradesh Ans: b 72. Which one of the following is not a site for in-situ method of conservation of flora? (a) (b) (c) (d) Wildlife Sanctuary Ans: b 73. Consider the following statements: In India, a Metropolitan Planning Committee? 1. is constituted under the 2. prepares the draft 3. has the sole responsibility for implementing Government sponsored schemes III the metropolitan area. Which of the statements given above is/ are correct? (a) (b) (c) (d) 1, 2 and 3 Ans: 74. What is the difference between "vote- on-account" and "interim budget" ? 1. The provision of a "vote-onaccount" is used by a regular Government, while an 2. A "vote-an-account" only deals with the expenditure in Government's budget, while an "interim budget" includes both expenditure and receipts. Which (a) (b) (c) (d) Neither 1 or 2 Ans: 75. Regarding 'the International Monetary Fund, which one of the following statements, is correct? (a) It (b) It (c) It (d) It can grant loans to the central bank of a country Ans: c 76. The 2004 Tsunami made people realize that mangroves can serve as a reliable safety hedge against coastal calamities. How do m angroves function as a safety hedge? (a) The mangrove swamps separate the human settlements (b) The mangroves provide both food and (c) The mangrove trees are tall with dense (d) The mangrove trees do not get uprooted by storms and tides because of their extensive roots Ans: 77. The Jain philosophy holds that the world is' created 'and maintained by (a) (b) (c) (d) Universal Soul Ans: 78. Salinization occurs when the irrigation water accumulated in the soil evapo- rates, leaving behind salts and minerals. What are the effects of salinization on the irrigated land? (a) It (b) (c) (d) It fills the air spaces in the soil with water Ans: 79. The "Red Data Books" published by the International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN) contain lists of 1. Endemic plant and 2. Threatened 3. Protected sites for conservation of nature and natural resources . in various countries. Select the correct. answer using the codes given below : (a) (b) (c) (d) 3 only 1 2 2 and and 3 only 3 animal plant species present and in the animal biodiversity hotspots. species. greatly It It makes raises increases some the the soils water crop production impermeable table b Universal Universal Universal Law Truth Faith a from the sea medicines which canopies and by serve a people as wide are an zone in in excellent which need shelter people neither of after during a live nor venture out any natural disaster cyclone or tsunami can can grants grant loans grant loans to loans to only to only any developed member country countries countries of the statements given 1 2 1 "interim above budget" is a provision is/ used by are a caretaker Government. correct? only only 2 1 1 and 2 and 2 3 only only only provisions development of plans the for Constitution metropolitan of India. area. Biosphere Botanical National Reserve Garden Park Andhra Arunachal Madhya Pradesh Pradesh Pradesh the correct 2 1 for answer Independence reservation using I and and for of the seats codes 3 3 for given India. minorities. below: only only only b 1 2 1 and and 2 3 only only only c Standard DVD, Definition the video BD format while has BD several supports times High more Definition storage video. capacity.



Ans: 80. Why is the offering of "teaser loans" by commercial banks a cause Of economic concern ? 1. The teaser loans are considered to be an aspect of sub-prime 2. In India, the teaser loans are mostly given to inexperienced entrepreneurs to set up manufacturing or export units. Which of the statements given above is/ are correct? (a) (b) (c) (d) Neither 1 nor 2 Ans: 81. An artificial satellite orbiting around the Earth does not fall down. This is so because the attraction of Earth (a) does (b) is (c) provides (d) provides the necessary acceleration for its motion Ans: 82. In the context of Indian economy, consider the following statements : 1. The growth rate of 2. The growth rate in per capita income has steadily increased in the last five years. Which of the statements given above is/are correct ? (a) (b) (c) (d) Neither 1 nor 2 Ans: 83. In India, which of the following have the highest share in the disbursement of credit to agriculture and allied activities ? (a) (b) (c) (d) Microfinance Institutions Ans: 84. Which of the following can aid in furthering the Govemment's objective of inclusive growth? 1. 2. Promoting 3. Implementing the Right to Education Act Select (a) (b) (c) (d) 1, 2 and 3 Ans: 85. Why is the Government of India disinvesting its equity in the Central Public Sector Enterprises (CPSEs)? 1. The Government intends to use the 2. The Government no longer intends to retain the management control of the CPSEs. Which (a) (b) (c) (d) Neither 1 nor 2 Ans: 86. What is the difference between asteroids and comets? 1. Asteroids are small rocky plane2. Asteroids are found mostly between 3. Comets show a perceptible glowing tail, while asteroids do not. Which of the statements given above is/ are correct? (a) (b) (c) (d) 1, 2 and 3 Ans: 87. Economic growth is with usually coupled (a) (b) (c) (d) Hyperinflation Ans: 88. The lowering of Bank Rate by the Reserve Bank of India leads to (a) More (b) Less (c) No (d) Mobilization of more deposits by commercial - banks Ans: a 89. Westerlies in southern hemisphere are stronger and persistent than in northern hemisphere. Why? 1. Southern hemisphere landmass 2. Coriolis force is higher in southern hemisphere, as compared to northern hemisphere Which of the statements given above isl are correct? (a) (b) (c) (d) Neither 1 nor 2 Ans: 90. Between India and East Asia, the navigation time and distance can be greatly reduced by which of the following? 1. Deepening the Malacca 2. Opening a new canal across the Kraisthmus between the Gulf of Siam and Andaman Sea. Which of the statements given above isl are correct? (a) (b) (c) (d) Neither I nor 2 Ans: b 1 2 Both I and straits between Malaysia and 1 2 Both 1 and as compared hemisphere. has less to liquidity liquidity change in the in the in liquidity in market the the 1 1 and and 3 2 3 toids, the while _ orbits comets of are Jupiter formed and of Mars, frozen while gases comets held are together found by mostly rocky between and Venus metallic and of the revenue statements earned from given 1 2 1 the disinvestment above mainly to is/ pay back are the external the correct 1 2 Promoting Micro, answer Small using 1 and and the Self-Help and codes 2 3 Medium given Commercial Cooperative Regional Rural 1 2 Both 1 and GDP has steadily increased in the last five not neutralized the by necessary exist the speed at attraction for of its such the steady 1 2 Both 1 and lending and banks may be exposed to the risk of defaulters in future.

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91. Regular intake of fresh fruits and vegetables is recommended in the diet since they are a good source of antioxidants. How do antioxidants help a person maintain health and promote longevity? (a) They activate the enzymes necessary (b) They prevent excessive oxidation of carbohydrates, (c) They neutralize the free (d) They activate certain genes in the cells of the body and help delay the ageing process Ans: c 92. Regarding the Indus Valley Civilization, consider the following statements: 1. 2. It was During predominantly this a secular period, civilization cotton and the was religious used element, for though present, manufacturing did not textiles dominate in the scene. India. for fats vitamin and radicals synthesis proteins in produced in the the body in. body and and help the' help avoid body prevent unnecessary vitamin wastage during of deficiency energy metabolism

Which of the statements given above isl are correct? (a) (b) (c) (d) Neither 1 nor 2 Ans: 93. The lower Gangetic plain is characterised by humid climate with high temperature throughout the year. Which one among the following pairs of crops is most suitable for this region? (a) (b) (c) (d) Wheat and cotton Ans: 94. What could be the main reasonlreasons for the formation of African and Eurasian desert belt ? 1. 2. It It is is. located under in the the influence sub-tropical of high warm pressure ocean cells. currents. Paddy Wheat Paddy and and and cotton Jute Jute c 1 2 Both 1 and only only 2 c

Which of the statements given above is/are correct in this context? (a) (b) (c) (d) Neither 1 nor 2 Ans: 95. The jet aircrafts fly very easily and smoothly in the lower stratosphere. What could be the appropriate explanation? 1. 2. There There are are no no clouds or vertical water winds vapour in in the the lower lower stratosphere. stratosphere. 1 2 Both 1 and only only 2 a

which of the statements given above is/are correct in this context? (a) (b) (c) (d) Neither 1 nor 2 Ans: 96. Consider 1. 2. Biodiversity Along the is mountain normally gradients, greater biodiversity the in is the normally lower greater latitudes the following as lower altitudes compared as to compared the to higher higher 1 2 Both 1 and only only 2 a statements: latitudes. altitudes.



Which of the statements given above is! are correct? (a) (b) (c) (d) Neither 1 and 2 Ans: c 97. The Brahmaputra, Irrawady and Mekong rivers originate in Tibet and flow it through narrow and parallel mountain ranges in their upper reaches. Of these rivers, Brahmaputra makes a "U" turn in its course to flow into India. This "U" turn is due to (a) (b) Syntaxial (c) Geo-tectonic (d) Both (a) and (b) above Ans: d 98. A state in India has the following characteristics: 1. 2. 3. Its Its Cultivation of cash northern central crops is part is part predominant arid produces over and food semiarid. cotton. crops. Uplift bending disturbance in of of the folded geologically tertiary Himalayan young folded mountain Himalayas chains series 1 2 Both I and only only 2

Which one of the following states has all of the above characteristics ? (a) (b) (c) (d) Tamil Nadu Ans: 99. What is"Virtual Private Network" ? (a) It is a private computer network of an organization where the remote users can transmit encrypted information through the server (b) It is a computer network across a public internet that provides users access to their organization's network while maintaining the security of the (c) It is a computer network in which users can access a shared pool of computing resources through a (d) None of the statements (a), (b) and (c) given above is a correct description of Virtual Private Network Ans: b 100. The "dharma" and "rita" depict a central idea of ancient Vedic civilization of India. In this context, consider the following statements : 1. Dharma was a conception of obligations 2. Rita was the fundamental moral law governing the functioning of the universe and all it contained. Which of the statements given above is/ are correct? (a) (b) (c) (d) Neither 1 nor 2 Ans: c 1 2 Both 1 and only only 2 and of the discharge of one's duties to oneself and to others. of the information service organization transmitted pro vider Andhra Pradesh Gujarat Karnataka b

Here you find the IAS Prelims General Studies II Solved Question Paper 2011. UPSC conducted Civil Services Preliminary Examination 2011 on 12 June 2011. Go through these solved questions to prepare yourself for major competitive exams conducted by UPSC, SSC, RBI, SBI and other major bodies of the Government of India. Directions for the following 8 (eight) items: Read each of the following two passages and answer the items that follow. Your answers to these items should be based on the passages only. Passage-I For achieving inclusive growth there is-a critical need to rethink the-role of the State. The early debate among economists about the size of the Goverment can be misleading. The need of the hour is to have an enabling Government. India is too large and complex a nation for the State to be able to deliver all that is needed. Asking the Government to produse all the essential goods, create all the necessary jobs, and keep a curb on the prices of all goods is to lead to a large cumbersome bureaucracy and widespread corruption. The aim must be to stay with the objective of inclusive growth that was laid down by the founding fathers of the nation and also to take a more modern view of what the State can realistically deliver. This is what leads to the idea of an enabling State, that is, a Government that does not try to directly deliver to the citizens everything that they need. Instead, it (1) creates an enabling ethos for the market so that individual enterprise can flourish and citizens can, for the most part, provide for the needs of one another, and (2) steps in to help those who do not manage to do well for themselves, for there will always be individuals, no matter what the system, who need support and help. Hence we need a Government that, when it comes to the market, sets effective, incentive-compatible rules and remains on the sidelines with minimal interference, and, at the same time, plays an important role in directly helping the poor by ensuring that they get basic education and health services and receive adequate nutrition and food . 1. According to passage : 1. The objective of 2. Need of 3. The Government 4. There is a need to change the size of the Government. Which of the statements given above are correct ? (a) (b) (c) (d) 1, 2, 3 and 4 Ans: a 2. According to the passage, the strategy of inclusive growth can be effected by focussing on (a) meeting all the (b) Increasing the (c) Controlling (d) Delivery of the basic services to the deprived sections of the society. Ans: d 3. What constitutes an enabling Government? 1. 2. Implementationof 3. Creating 4. Providing 5. Offering direct help to the poor regarding basic services. Select the correct answer from the codes given below : (a) (b) (c) (d) 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5 Ans: c 4. Why is the State unable to deliver "all thai is needed"? 1. It 2. It does not promote inclusive growth. Select the correct answer from the codes given below : (a) (b) (c) (d) Neither 1 nor 2 Ans: d 5. What is essential message being conveyed by the author of the passage ? (a) The objectives of inclusive growth (b) The Government needs (c) The Government needs to establish (d) There is a need to rethink the role of the State in achieving inclusive growth. Ans: d Passage-2 The concept of 'creative society' refers to a phase of development of a society in which a large number of potential contradictions become articulate and active. This is most evident when oppressed social groups get politically mobilised and demand their rights. The upsurge of the peasants and tribals, the movements for regional autonomy and self-determination, the environmental movements, and the women's movements in the developing countries are signs of emergence of creative society in contemporary times. The forms of social movements and their intensity may vary from country to country and place to place within a country. But the very presence of movements for social transformation in various spheres of a society indicates the emergence of a creative society in a country. 6. What does the author imply by "creative society" ? 1. A society where diverse art 2. A society where social 3. A society where a 4. A society where' the exploited and the oppressed groups grow conscious of. their human rights and upliftment. Select the correct answerusing the codes given below : (a) (b) (c) (d) 2 and 4 Ans: c 7. What according to the passage are the manifestations of social movements? 1. Aggressiveness 2. Instigation 3. Quest for 4. Urge for granting privileges and self-respect to disparaged sections of the society. Select (a) (b) (c) (d) 1, 2, 3 and 4 Ans: c 8. With reference to 1. To be a creative society, 2. To be a creative society, it is imperative to have potential contradictions and conflicts. Which of the statements given above is/are correct ? (a) (b) (c) (d) Neither 1 nor 2 Ans: c 9. Consider the following three statements: 1. Only 2. Some participants 3. All girl participants in the race are invited for coaching. students in can the race participate are in girls. the race. 1 2 Both 1 and only only 2 the it is passage. essential consider to have a the variety following of social statements: movements. the correct 1 2 3 answer and by social using and and and equality the and codes 3 4 4 being external individual given incendiary. forces. freedom. below: only only only 1, 3 2 4 and and 3 only 4 forms inequalities large number and are of literary accepted writings as contradictions seck the are incentive. norm. recognised. laid to markets down and by make industries the to foundings available meet fathers more needs of of the schools the nation and poor should strata be health of remembered. sevices. society. 1 2 Both 1 and only only 2 does not. have sufficient bureaucracy. 1, 4 3, 4 2 and and and 5 5 3 only only only A an resources welfare ethos to programmes that those large through helps who individual are bureaucracy. representatives. enterprise underprivileged. needs regulations the of over distribution of every citizen the in manufacturing manufacturing the country. sector. goods. 1 2 1 and and and 2 3 4 only only only inclusive the should growth was hour engage laid is III down by to maximum the have founding an interference in fathers of enabling market the nation. Government. processes.



Which one of the following conclusions can be drawn from the above statements? (a) All participants (b) All students (c) All (d) None of the statements (a), (b) and (c) given above is correct. Ans: Directions for the following 2 (two) items: Each of the following two items consists of four statements. Of these four statements, two cannot both be true, but both can be false. Study the statements carefully and identify the two that satisfy the above condition. Select the correct answer using the codes given below each set of statements : 10. Examine the following statements: 1. 2. 3. 4. Some animals are carnivorous. Codes: (a) (b) (c) (d) 3 and 4 Ans: a 11. Examine 1. All 2. Some 3. No 4. Some trains are not run by diesel engine. Codes: (a) (b) (c) (d) 1 and 4 Ans: c 12. Consider the four age pyramids given below namely A, B, C and D representing four different countries. 1 2 1 and and and 2 3 3 the trains trains train are are is run run run following by by by diesel diesel diesel statements: engine. engine. engine. All Some Animals animals are animals are not are not carnivorous. carnivorous. carnivorous. in are participants invited in the for the race coaching. race are students. c are invited for coaching.

1 1 2

and and and

3 2 3

Which one of them indicates the declining population ? (a) (b) (c) (d) D Ans: c 13. The followings figures has four curves namely A, B, C and D, Study the figure and answer the item that follows. A B C

Which curve indicates the exponential growth ? (a) (b) (c) (d) D Ans: c Directions for the following 2 (two) items: The following pie charts show the break-up of disease categories recorded in the patients from two towns, Town A and Town B. Pie charts plot the disease Categories as percentage of the total number of patients. Based on these, answer the two items that follow the charts. A B C

14. Which of the two towns has a higher number of persons with Diabetes? (a) (b) (c) (d) No inference can be drawn Ans: d 15. What can (a) There (b) There (c) There'are (d) No inference can be drawn. Ans: b 16. Consider the followmg Velocity-Time graph. It shows two trains starting simultaneously on parallel tracks. we are are likely say likely likely to be about to to persons persons be be with with persons persons more more with with than than more more one one than than disease disease one one in from disease disease both Towns these in in A graphs Town Town and ? A. B. B. Town Town Same in Town A and Town A B B

With reference to the above graph, which one of the following statements is not correct ? (a) Train B has (b) Train B (c) Both trains (d) Both trains travel the same distance in time to units. Ans: d Directions for the following 6 (six) items: Read each of the following two passages and answer the items that follow. Your answers to these items should be based on the passages only. Passage-1 Ecosystems provide people with a variety of goods and services; food, clean water, clean air, flood control, soil stabilization, pollination, climate regulation, spritual fulfilment and aesthetic enjoyment, to name just a few. Most of these benefits either are irreplaceable or the technology necessary to replace them is prohibitively expensive. For example, potable fresh water can be provided by desalinating sea-water, but pnly great cost. The rapidly expanding human population has greatly modified the Earth's ecosystems to meet their increased requirements of some of the goods and services, particularly food, fresh water, timber, fibre and fuel. These modifications have contributed substantially to human well being and economic development. The benefits have not been equally distributed. Some people have actually been harmed by these changes. Moreover, short-term increases in some ecosystem goods and services have come at the cost of the long-term degradation of others. For example, efforts to increase the production of food and fibre have decreased the ability of some ecosystems to provide clean water, regulate flooding and support biodiversity. 17. With reference Expanding human' population has an adverse effect on : 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Biodiversity to the passage, Spiritual Aesthetic Potable Production of food fresh and consider the following statements. fulfilment enjoyment water fibre an is have initial faster the acceleration than same greater Train than A velocity at that at of all time Train A. times. to'

Which of the statements given above are correct ? (a) (b) (c) (d) 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5 1, 2, 3 2 4 and and and 5 3 5 only only only

Ans: c 18. The passage mentions that "some people have actually been harmed by these changes." What does it imply ? 1. The rapid expansion of population 2. Sufficient efforts, have not been made to 3. In the short term some people may be harmed, but in the long term everyone will benefit from modifications In the Earth's ecosystems. Which of the statements given above is/are correct? (a) (b) (c) (d) None of the statements given above Ans: a 19. With reference to the passage, consider the following statements: 1. It is imperative to modify 2. Technology can never replace all the goods and services provided by ecosystems. Which of the statements given above is/are correct ? (a) (b) (c) (d) Neither 1 nor 2 Ans: b Paasage-B: A moral act must be our own act; must spring from our own will. If we act mechanically, these is no moral content in our act. Such action would be moral, If we think it proper to act like a machine and do so. For, in doing so, we use our discrimination. We should bear in mind the distinction between acting mechanically and acting intentionally. It may be moral of a king to pardon a culprit. But the messenger carrying out the order of pardon plays only a mechanical part in the king's moral act. But if the messenger were to carry out the king's order considering it to be his duty, his action would be a moral one. How can a man understand morality who does not use his own intelligence and power of thought, but lets himself be swept along like a log of wood by a current ? Sometimes a. man defies convention and acts on his own with a view to absolute good. 20. Which of the following statements best describe/describes the thought of the writer? 1. A moral 2. Man 3. Man 4. Man should be able to defy convention in order to be moral. Select the correct answer from the codes given below : (a) (b) (c) (d) 1 and 4 Ans: d 21. Which of the following (a) it is (b) It is (c) IS a (d) It is a religious action based on understanding. Ans: b 22. The passage contains 1. A 2. 3. 4. He is like a log of wood. a statement He He "lets himself person be swept along like docs is a log of wood not by a current." susceptible cannot withstand Among use the following statements, his to which is/are nearest own in meaning to this? reason. influence/pressure. difficulties/challenges. statements a an clever is mechanical the action action nearest action baased based definition based of on on on moral action, official our the according orders sence clarity to the from of of writer ? superiors. discretion. purpose. 1 1 2 and and only 3 3 act should react must calls to do for a his using situation our discretion. immediately. duty. 1 2 Both 1 and only only 2 the Earth's ecosystems for the well being of mankind. 1 1 and only 2 3 has increase the adversely production affected of some food and people. fibre.

Select the correct answer using the codes given below: (a) (b) (c) (d) 1 and 4 Ans: b 23. Consider the following distance time graph. The graph shows three athletes A, Band C running side by side for a 30 km race. 1 1 2 and and only 2 3

With reference to the above graph consider the following statements : 1. the 2. B was 3. C Which of the statements given above is/are correct ? (a) (b) (c) (d) 1, 2 and 3 Ans: b 24. Consider the following figures : 1 2 race ahead ran of very 1 and and A was up slowly to from won 25 km the by 26 A. mark. begining. only only only

2 3

What is the missing number ? (a) (b) (c) (d) 10 Ans: c 25. Study the following figure: A person goes from A to B always moving to the right or downwards along the Jines. How many different routes can he adopt? 7 8 9

Select the correct answer from the codes given below : (a) (b) (c) (d) 7 Ans: c 26. Consider the following figure and answer the item that follows : 4 5 6

What is total number of triangles in the above grid ? (a) (b) (c) (d) 22 Ans: c 27 26 23

Directions for the following 4 (four) items: Read the following passage and answer the items that follow. Your answers to these items should be based on the passage only. Passage A country under foreign domination seeks escape from the present in dreams of a vanished age, and finds consolation in visions of past greatness. That is a foolish and dangerous pastime in which many of us indulge. An equally questionable practice for us in India is to imagine that we are still spiritually great though we have come down, in the world in other respects. Spiritual or any other greatness cannot be founded on lack of freedom and opportunity, or on starvation and misery. Many western writers have encouraged that notion that Indians are other-worldly. I suppose the poor and unfortunate in every country become to some extent other-worldly, unless they become revolutionaries, for this world is evidently not meant for them. So also subject peoples. As a man grows to maturity he is not entirely engrossed in, or satisfied with, the external objective world. He seeks also some inner meaning, some psychological and physical satisfactions. So also with peoples and civilizations as they mature and grow adult. Every civilization and every people exhibit these parallel streams of an external life and an internal life. Where they meet or keep close to each other, there is an equilibrium and stability. When they diverge conflict arises and the crises that torture the mind and spirit. 27. The passage mentions that "this world is evidently not meant for them". It refers to people who 1. 2. 3. become revolutionaries . seek live freedom in from starvation foreign and domination. misery.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct ? (a) (b) (c) (d) 3 only Ans: b 28. Consider the following assumptions : 1. A country 2. Poverty 3. Subject peoples may become other-wordly. under is an foreign domination impediment cannot in indulge the in spiritual spiritual pursuit. pursuit. 1 2 2 and and 2 only 3

With reference to the passage, which of the above assumptions is/are valid ? (a) (b) (c) (d) 3 only Ans: c 29. The passage thematically centres on (a) the (b) (c) (d) body, mind and spirit of people in general Ans: a 30. According to the passage, the torture of the mind and spirit is caused (a) by (b) by the desire to (c) due to lack (d) due to one's inability to be either revolutionary or other-worldly. Ans: Directions Read the passage for given below, study the the graph that following follows and answer 3 the three items (Three) given belwo the the escape of from foreign equilibrium impact domination between of and an find external consolation life III and foreign visions an of past internal domination. greatness. life. c items: figure. state starvation the growth of mind and of of oppressed people misery civilization 1 2 2 and and 2 only 3

During a party, a person was exposed to cotaminated water. A few days later, he developed fever and loose motions. He suffered for some days before going to a doctor for treatment. On starting the treatment, he soon became better and recovered completely a few days later. The following graph shows different phases of the person's disease condition as regions A, B, C, D and E of the curve. 31. Which region/regions of (a) (b) (c) (d) No part of the curve indicates the incubation phase Ans: 32. Which (a) (b) (c) (d) D Ans: 33. Which region of the curve indicates that the treatment yielded effective region of the curve indicates that the person began showing the symptoms of infection the curve correspond/corresponds A B Band to incubation phase of the infection ? only only C a ? A B C b relief? C D E

(a) (b) (c) (d) The curve does not indicate the treatment Ans: c 34. There (a) (b) (c) (d) 8 Ans: are four routes to travel from city A to city B and six routes from city B to city C. How many routes are possible to travel from the city A to city C

? 24 12 10 a

35. A contract on construction job specifies a penalty for delay in completion of the work beyond a certain date IS as follows : Rs. 200 for the first day, Rs. 250 for the second day, Rs. 300 for the third day etc., the penalty for each succeeding day being 50 more than that of the preceding day. How much penalty should the contractor pay if he delays the work by 10 days ? (a) (b) (c) (d) Rs. 650 Ans: 36. Consider the figure given below and answer the items that follows: Rs. Rs. Rs. 4950 4250 3600 b

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39. A person has only Rs. 1 and Rs. 2 coins with her. If the total number of coins that she has is 50 and the amount of money with her is Rs. 75, then the number of Rs. 1 and Rs. 2 coins are, respectively (a) 15 and 35 (b) 35 and 15 (e) 30 and 20 (d) 25 and 25 Ans: d

40. Three persons start walking together and their steps measure 40 cm, 42 cm and 45 cm respectively. What is the minimum distance each should walk so that each can cover the same distance in complete steps ? (a) (b) (c) (d) 100 m 80 cm Ans: a 41. If a (a) (b) (c) (d) 1 : 2 Ans: 42. There are 100 students in a particular (a) (b) (c) (d) 15 Ans: 43. A village having a population of 4000 requires 150 liters of water per head per day. It 2 3 4 has a tank measuring 20 m x 15 m x 6 m. The wat er of this tank will last class. 60% students play cricket, 30% student play football and 10% student play both the games. What is the number of students who play neither bus travels 160 km in 4 hours and a train travels 8 5 4 320 km in 5 hours at uniform speeds, then what is the : : : ratio of the distances travelled by them in one hour ? 5 8 5 b cricket nor football ? 25 20 18 b for days days days b for follouing passage and answer the the items following Your answers 4 items (four) based items: only. 25 50 75 m m m 20 40 60 cm cm cm

(a) (b) (c) (d) 5 days Ans: Directions Read the Passage










A species that exerts. an influence out of proportion to its abundance in an ecosystem is called a keystone species. The keystone species may influence both the species richness of communities and the flow of energy and materials through ecosystems. The sea star Pisaster the flow of energy and materials through ecosystems. The sea star Pisaster ochraceus, which lives in rocky intertidal ecosystems on the Pacific coast of North America, is also an example of a keystone species. Its preferred prey is the mussel Mytilus californianus . In the absence of sea- stars, these mussels crowd out other competitors in a broad belt of the intertidal zone. By consuming mussels, sea star creates bare spaces that are taken over by a variety of other species. A study at the University of washington demonstrated the influence of Pisaster on species richness by removing sea stars from selected parts of the intertidal zone repeatedly over a period of five years. Two major changes occured in the areas from which sea stars were removed. First, the lower edge of the 46. mussel bed extended farther down into the intertidal zone, showing that sea stars are able to eliminate mussels completely where they are covered with water most of the time. Second, and more dramatically, 28 species of animals and algae disappeared from the sea star removal zone. Eventually only Mytilus, the dominant competitor, occupied the entire substratum. Through its effect on competitive relationships, predation by Pisaster largely determines which species live in these rocky intertidal ecosystems. 44. What is the star determines species crux has the survival ensures of a of the preferred a species keystone passage ? prey. species. diversity. c reference Mussels-are survival of to generally of the sea stars statements the the is passage, dominant generally given 1 2 1 consider species determined above the in by the is following intertidal abundance /are statements : ecosystems. mussels. correct? only ony 2 d of Mussels stars stars of the are of constitute the 1 2 1 and the an following always Pacific important is/are hard coast have component statements implied competitors reached the given and by for climax flow above the passage sea of in is/are their intertidal ? stars. evolution. ecosystem. correct? 2 only 3 d the The The the reference food presence keystone chains/food of keystone is completely the web species removed passage, in from which 1 and nad is an an a ecosystem, of following influenced specific it will the ecosystem characteristic to above are of the collapse keystone aquatic of is/are assumptions: species. ecosystems. ecosystem. valid? only only only

(a) Sea (b) A preferred prey (c) Keystone (d) Sea star is the only keystone species on the Pacific coast of North America. Ans: 45. With 1. 2.



which (a) (b) (c) (d) Neither 1 nor 2 Ans: 46. Which 1. 2. 3. Which (a) (b) (c) (d) 3 only Ans: 47. Consider 1. 2. 3. With (a) (b) (c) (d) 1, 2 and 3



Sea Sea


the energy


species to




2 1

3 3

Ans: 48. Consider "In, order to be a of Some Some Teachers teacher one the must graduate following the from college. All poets a are poor. valid are are are not not Some following Mathematicians conclusion are regarding not poets. No the college graduate above is

a argument: poor."

Which one (a) (b) (c) (d) Poets are not teachers. Ans: 49. A student on her first 3

is not Mathematicians teachers

argument? teachers. Mathematicians. poor. b







points. N N N












her + + +













?' 20 10 4 d

(a) (b) (c) (d) N + 5 Ans: 50. In (a) (b) (c) (d) 2/3 Ans: d 51. The houses right, travels 5 (a) (b) (c) d) None of the above Ans: Directions Read the Passage for following passage and answer the of km A to C The and the B face front of each other on a D's house. B does and C's houses a group of persons, 70% of the persons are male






















? 2/7 1/3 3/7

road exactly

going north-south, A's being the same and reaches the D of live house C

on fron

the western side. A comes out of his house, turns left, travels 5 km, turns t of C's house. In this context, which one of the following statements is correct ? on than the faces 20 same km street. south. apart. c

the items



following Your

5 answers to these items should-be

(five) based




items: only.

Now India's children have a right to receive at least eight years of education, the gnawing question is whether' it will remain 'on paper' or 'become a reality. One hardly needs a reminder that this right is different from the ot hers enshrined in the Constitution, that the beneficiary - a six year old child cannot demand it, nor can she or hefight a legal battle when the right is denied or violated. In all cases, it is the adult society which must act on behalf of the child. In another peculiarity, where a child's right to education is denied, no compensation offered later can be adequate or relevant. This is so because childhood does not last. if a legal battle fought on behalf of a child is eventually won, it may be of little use to the boy or girl because the opportunity missed at school during childhood cannot serve the same purpose later in life. This may be painfully true for girls because our society permits them only a short childhood, if at all. The Right to Education (RTE) has become law at a point in India's history when the ghastly practice of female infanticide has resurfaced in the form of foeticide. This is "symptomatic of a deeper turmoil" in society which compounding the traditional obstacles to the education of girls. "Tenacious prejudice against the intellectual potential of girls runs across our cultural diversity and the system of education has not been able to address it.

52. With 1. 2. When Right

reference children to are

to denied Education

the education, as a

passage, adult law society

consider does cannot be

the not

following act enforced on in behalf

statements of the

: them. country.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct ? (a) (b) (c) (d) Neither 1 nor 2 Ans: d 53. According 1. Inability 2. 3. 4. Select (a) (b) (c) (d) 1, 2, 3 and 4 Ans: 54. On 1. 2. Which (a) (b) (c) (d) Neither 1 nor 2 Ans: 55. Which one of the following statements that keen particularly conveys education on of the is implementing girl key message compulsory the child, of for Right needs to the its to be passage Right realising the to goal basis Education universal the of is education, the the a education legal system passage, right country consider and must above be made not identical is/are the a to following fundamental of devel oped correct to of The The the passage, what parents to fight traditional way prejudice Improper correct 1 2, 1, 3 3 could a legal of against be battle 55 the when thinking the system the traditional obstacles Right to about intellectual to Education girl's the is role potential of given 2 and and 4 4 of education denied of to in their girls ? children. society. girls. education. : only only only b statements: right. countries. ? only only 2 d ? children. Education. safeguarded. c one of the following a upon to get tenacious to statements prejudice on for conveys the inference the children is intellectual for often of the potential their Right protracted passage of to and ? girls. Education. prohibitive. d the following paesage and answer (three) items that follow: 1 2 Both 1 and only only 2



from and





the of


in given 1 2






(a) India has declared (b) Adult society is not (c) The Right to Education, (d) The system of education should be address the issue of right to education. Ans: 56. Which

(a) The society has (b) Adults cannot be relied (c) The legal fight (d) There is no sufficient substitute for education received in childhood. Ans: Read

fight education

against behalf of children

A, B, C, D and E are members of the same family. There are two fathers, two sons, two wives, three males and two females. The teacher was the, wife of a lawyer who was the son of a doctor. E is not male, neither also a wife of a professional. C is the youngest person in the family and D is the eldest. B is a male. 57. How (a) (b) is D realated to E ? Husband Son

(c) (d) Wife Ans: 58. Who (a) (b) (c) (d) D and E Ans: 59. Whose (a) (b) (c) (d) B Ans: Read the following passage and ans the 3 (three) items that wife is the are the C C E females in and and and the group

Father a ? E D A c teacher? C D A d follow:

In a survey regarding a proposal measure to be introduced, 2878 person took part of which 1652 were males. 12 persons voted against the proposal which 796 were males. 1425 persons vote for the proposal. 196 females wet undecided. 60. How many females voted for the proposal ? (a) (b) (c) (d) 640 Ans: 61. How (a) (b) (c) (d) 581 Ans: 62. How many females were not in favour the proposal ? (a) (b) (c) (d) 1226 Ans: 63. In a queue, Mr. X is fourteenth from the front and Mr. Y is seventeenth from the end, while Mr. Z is exactly in between Mr. X and Mr. Y. If Mr. X is ahead Mr. Y and there are 48 persons in the queue, how many persons are then between Mr. X and Mr. Z ? (a) (b) (c) (d) 9 Ans: 6 7 8 c 430 496 586 a many males were undecided 430 600 624 b ? 31 227 426 a

Directions for the following 9 (nine) items: The following nine items (Questions 64 to 72) are based on three passages in English to test the comprehension of English language and therefore these items do not have Hindi version. Read each passage and answer the items that follow. Passage-I He walked several miles that day but could not get anything to eat or drink except some dry bread and some water, which he got from cottagers and farmers. As night fell, he slept under a haystack lying in a meadow. He felt frightened at first, for the wind blew awfully over the empty fields. He felt cold and hungry, and was feeling more lonely than he had ever felt before. He however, soon fell asleep, being much tired with his long walk. When he got up next day, he was feeling terribly hungry so he purchased a loaf of bread with a few coins that he had. 64. When the night fell, he slept (a) (b) (c) (d) under a tree Ans: 65. He soon fell asleep because (a) (b) (c) (d) he was very frightened Ans: 66. With 1. 2. Which reference He The cottagers of and farmers the gave to was his enough statements the passage, walking food consider the through could above following the night statements he he he had was not was all slept for exhausted alone days a : countryside, hungry. ? only only 2 a II in under in a a the pile open of farmer's dry field grass cottage b

so given 1 2




at is/are

without correct


(a) (b) (c) (d) Neither 1 nor 2 Ans: Passage



I opened the bag and packed the boots in ; and then , just as I was going to close it, a horrible idea occured to meet Had I packed my toothbrush ? I don't know how it is, but I never do know whether I've packed my toothbrush. My toothbrush is a thing that haunts me when I'm travelling, an makes my life a misery, I dream that haven't packed it, and wake up in a col perspiration, and get out of bed and hur for it. And, in the morning, I pack it before I have used it, and it is always the last thing I turn out of the bag; and then repack and forget it, and have to rug upstairs for it at the last moment an carry it to the railway station, wrapped u in my pocket-handkerchief. 67. When he was going to close the bag, the idea that occurred to him was (a) (b) (c) (d) amusing Ans: 68. What makes his life miserable whenever he undertakes travelling? (a) (b) (c) (d) Bad dreams Ans: 69. His toothbrush is finally Going Forgetting Packing to the his railway station toothbrush bag b unpleasant sad fantastic a

(a) (b) (c) (d) lost Ans: Passage-III

in in in his

his his

bag bed handkerchief c

In spring, polar from demanding the expense of food. In 70. Female (a) (b) (c) (d) winter Ans:

bear mothers emerge full access to her others. The smallest 21 years of

from dens with three month old cubs. The mother bear has fasted for as long as eight mon ths remaining reserves. If there are triplets, the most persistent stands to gain an extra meal of the litter forfeits many meals to stronger siblings. Females are protective of their cubs but photographing polar bears, I've only once seen the smallest of polar bears give

but that and it tend to triplets

does not stop the young may have the meal at ignore family rivalry over survive till autumn. during spnng summer autumn d bear cubs themselves favourites b


71. Mother (a) (b) (c) (d) see that all cubs get an equal share Ans: 72. With 1. 2. Polar Polar of reference

takes lets feeds the

sides cubs only

over fend their for

to bears fast bears the

the as

passage, long always assumptions as

the eight

following months give given

assumptions due birth above

have to to is/are

been non-availability

made: prey. triplets. valid? only only 2 d

Which (a) (b) (c) (d) Neither 1 nor 2 Ans: Directions

1 2 Both 1 and






Given below are eight items. Each item describes a situation and is followed by four possible responses. Indicate the respons e you find most appropriate. Choose only one response for each item. The responses will be evaluated based on the level of appropriatehess for the given situation. Please attempt all the items. There is no penalty for wrong answers for these eight items.

73. You have been asked to give an explanation for not attending an important official meeting. Your immediate boss who has not informed you about the meeting is now putting pressure on you not to place an allegation against him / her. You would (a) send a (b) seek an appointment (c) admit your (d) put the responsibility on the coordinator of the meeting for not informing. Ans: 74. A case local thug you (bad element) do has not the to for started illegal sell construction the property the help on your vacant property at plot. He at has refused a your request cheap cheap for from your to vacate price and threatened to price necessary you him. of dire You to consequences written with fault the reply top to explaining to save the explain the the fact. situation. situation. a in would


(a) sell (b) go (c) ask (d) negotiate with the goon to get a higher price. Ans: 75. You have to accomplish a very ask

a police

him. action. neighbours. b





headquarters for





days. an










that of







(a) (b) inform (c) Suggest (d) stay away till you recover. Ans:

extension inability headquarters who to may finish do

Headquarters alternate

of person to


on the

deadline. time. needful. b

76. You are an officer-in-charge for providing basic medical facilities to the survivors of an earthquake affected area. Despite your best possible effort, people put allegations against you for making money out of the funds given for relief. You would (a) let an (b) ask your (c) not (d) stop undertaking any initiative till the matter is resolved. Ans: enquiry senior be to pay set appoint up some attention to other look person to into in the your matter. place. allegations. a

77. You have been made responsible to hire boats at a short notice to be used for an area under flood. On seeing the price mentioned by the boat owners you found that the lowest price was approximately three times more than the approved rate of the Government. You would (a) reject the (b) accept (c) refer the (d) threaten the boat owners about a possible cancellation of the licence. Ans: proposal matter and the to call the for lowest Government a fresh and price. price. wait. b

78. You are the officer-in-charge of a village administering distribution of vaccine in an isolated epidemic hit village, and you are left with only one vaccine. There is a requirement of that vaccine from the GramPradhan and also a poor villager. You are being pressurised by the Gram Pradhan to issue the vaccine to him. You would (a) initiate the procedure to expedite (b) arrange vaccine for the (c) ask both to approach a (d) arrange vaccine for the Gram Pradhan from the distributor of another area. Ans: the poor doctor next villager and supply from get without the an issuing distributor input the of about vaccine to another the either. area. urgency. c

79. You have taken up a project to create night-shelters for homeless people during the winter season. Within a week of establishing the shelters, you have received complaints from the residents of the area about the increase in theft cases with a demand to remove the shelters. You would (a) ask them (b) assure (c) ask (d) continue with the project and ignore their complaint. Ans: to residents residents lodge of to a an consider written complaint enquiry the in into humanitarian the police the effort station. matter. made. b

80. You, as an administrative authority, have been approached, by the daughter-in-law of an influential person regarding harassment by her in-laws on account of insufficient dowry. Her parents are not able to approach you because of social pressures. You would (a) call (b) counsel the (c) take action (d) ask her to lodge complaint with the police. the lady after to her adjust, in-laws given parents for such approach a you. circumstance. an explanation.

Ans: d