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llPvL\03H

MapKO flOU06un
HACAE1)E
KYllA Y YAMIJM
IJAPA 4YlllAHA 6p. 10
M
eljy rpa411Te/bCKl1M HaC;\el]eM
Beorpa.ia OBOM /{opnOACKOM
34afbY Cl1rypHo npnnaaa nocefino
MeCTO. KaKO cy noxasa.xa 4eTa/bHa l1C-
'rpaaornan.a 113BOpHe uc'ropnjcxe rpa-
l]e, nocefino nAaHOBa rpa4a 113 XVIII 11
XIX sexa, xao 11 oY:yBaHl1X crpyx'rypa
y 6AOKy srpazra 113Mel]y 4aHalllThl1X
y AMIJaIjapa l(yurana, Tazteyura Kour-
hyurxa, Crpaxna.nha Bana 11 Pnre 04
<Depe, y mrran.y je najcrapnja caY:yBa-
na CTaM6eHa srpa.ra y Beorpaay'.
Hsrpaljena je Cpe/111HOM 'rpehe 4e-
IJeHMje XVIII sexa. najeepona'maje
1724. r0411He, xao 4pyra v HM3Y 04
ce.tar HOBorroj{l1rHYTl1X arpa.ia npe-
Ma aycrpnjcxov PerYAaIJ110HOM nxany
6eOrpa/lCKe BapOIJll1. Ol1Aa cy TOrrpBa
34alba na rrcnpan.eenoj TpaOI nexa-
4allllbe l(yre YAMIJe,'raaaunse rxaaae
rpa4CKe caoopahajmrrje, xoja je 40
zianac OCTaAa ca-rysana y perYJ\a-
IJ110HOj Al1Hl1jl1 rrapHe crpane YAl1IJe
Llapa l(YlllaHa. Kvhy 0 KOjOj je pey:, rro
cnei-ry cy4enl1 rr0411raO je Exnjac
<DAajlllMaH, pevenapcxa r-rajc'rop M
CaBeTHl1K y OrrlllTl1HCKOMsehy, KOjl1 ce
y Beorpa.ry HaceJ\110 o.u-rax noc.xe
aycrpnjcxor ocaajaisa rpa/{a 1717. ro-
411He. TIo nospa'ncy Typaxa 1740. ro-
4MHe, sa pa3AMKI' 04 4pyTl1X aye-
Tpl1jCKMX6apOKHl1X 34aTha xoja cy no-
pytuena, OBe srpaae. Mel]y Kojl1Ma 11
<DAajlllMaHoHa, OCTaJ\e cy ca-rysaae.
OcaM4eCeTl1X r0411Ha npOIll;\Or nexa
nocrojaxe cy jour ysex -rerupn 04 OBe
cxyrnnre arpa.ta, Ma/{a Ben y pyureen-
naxra l1Al1 4eAoM rrperrpaHJbeHe. 04
Ibl1X, 40 zianac je oY:yBaHacaxro <DJ\alll-
xranoaa, xoja cazta HOCl1 KynH116poj 10,
aAl1 11 OHa je y 3HaTHO 113MeTheHOM
cran.y.
Kyna y YAl1IJl1 Ijapa l(YlllaHa
10 l1Ma noztpyr-r, rrp113eMJbe 11 crrpar.
TIpB0611THa epyHKIJl1ja srpazte, xao
lllTO je TO cxy-raj M ztanac, 6MAa je
CTaM6eHo-rrOCAOBHa. Ha cnpary ce
HaAa3MOCTaH,a y npnsesosy 4Ba AOKa-
Aa paaasojena X04Hl1KOM. K yha je
rpaljena xao crrojenn 06jeKT y H113Y ca
yAMY:HOM 11 4BOPMlllHOM epaca40M.
l(y)Kl1Ha srpazte nper-ra yAMIJM 113HOCM
14,25 M, a unrpnna 12,95 M. TIpB0611T-
Hl1Hl1BO TepeHa l1Crrpe4 3rpa4e rrpeMa
yAMIJl1 6110 je HM:>Kl1 y OJ{HOCY na ca-
/{alilThM aa OKO 30-40 IJM.
KOHCTPYKTl1BHl1 CKJ\Orr M oc-
HOBHa no.texa rrO;1PYMa M rrp113eM/ba
ca-rysamr cy rOTOBO y IJeAl1Hl1 y CBOM
113BOpHOM 06Al1KY. l(l1Crr0311IJl1janpn-
3eMJba je Cl1MeTpl1Y:Ha ca IJeHTpaAHl1M
KO;\CKl1M rrpOJ\a30M, IIIl1pl1He 2,40 M,
KOjl1 4eAM rrp113eMHe AOKaAe na 4Be
aacefiue npoc'ropne IJeJ\l1He. Osaj
rrpOAa3, 04HOCHOX04Hl1K, 3aCBe4eH je
noxy06Al1y:aCTl1M CH040M, KOjl1 Y
npcarser-r 4eJ\ y npofinjajy 'rpu acm-re-
Tpl1Y:HO nocraaeene CYCB04HMIJe.
Tlpocropnje 60Y:HMX AOKaAa, rro 4Be
ca CBaKe CTpaHe, 3aCBe4eHe cy KpC-
TaCTl1M CBO/{OBMMa KOjl1 y 'rexietry
npe.xaae y 6J\ary crpepny nonpunnry.
Flopraxu .xoxaxa rrpeMa YJ\MIJM, yuy-
'rpanm,e rrperpa4e, xao 11 OTBOpM rrpe-
r-ra X04Hl1KI' peay.vrar cy KaCHl1jl1X
npcnpanxn, rra he, crora, TeK apxrrrex-
TOHCKa ncrpaacnean,a HaKOH ofinjau.a
Ma.\Tepa onorvhrrrn TaY:Hy aHaA113Y
rroje/111HOCTl1 rrpBo611THOr npocrop-
1. JKeobKo Ll.lxaxavepa - M. DOII(mHn. Hajcrapa]a ca-rysana xvha v Beorpa.rv H3 rrpBe rrO;\OBHHe
XVIII sexa, rO.1HUIl-baK rpa.la Beorpa.ra XXIX. Beorpa.r, 1982,27-41.
171

I II
KYl1A Y
IJAPA 4YWAHA 10
I OCHoBa npH3eJ\vba;
II OCHoBa cnpara,
mTIpeceK
nor cx.xona II KOMYHlIlJlIpaI-ba Y rrplI-
IT04PYM, KOjlI ce .tanac He KO-
pIICTII, HaAa31I ce ncno.t rjexe srpazte.
By4ytllI 4a je noron.sen B040M, HlIje
61I.;\0 Moryne 4eTaJbHO CHIIMaI-be, aAII
ce jacno yo-raaa .ta nonas.ea npocrop-
ay 4lIcrr03lIlJlIjy npnaen.sa. Fberos
Cpe41I1IlI-b1I npocrop, IIcrr04 KOACKor
X04HlIKa 3aCBe4eH je rrAIITKIIM cer-
MeHTHIIM CBO/{OM. ITpB06lITHlI nplIAa3
no.rpv-ry, Y KOjlI ce cazia YAa31I Kp03
jeztan HaKHa4HO npofiajenn uraxr Y
X04HIIK1', 6e3 IICTpa'i(lI-
san,a He M01Ke ce rroy34aHo 04pe41ITII.
ITpOCTopHa 4lIcrr03lIlJlIja crrpa-
'ra je KpCTo06pa3HO-CIIMeTplI'1Ha. Y
Cpe4lIHlI je X04HlIK IICTe unrpmre xao
II onaj y rrp1I3eMJbY, na yrj\OBIIMa rrpe-
Ma YAlIlJlI II 4BOplIlilTy cy rro 4Be cofie,
BeAII'1IIHe 4,75 x 4M, a 113MeI]1' Ibl1X na
nonpe-moj OCII rro .rse nejeanaxe Ma-
I-be rtpoc'ropnje. Caaaunsn pacnope.i
npocropnja na cnpary, BepOBaTHO, naj-
Benl1M 04CAl1KaBa nexaaaum.y
npocropny no.te.vy. Ornopeuo je nn-
'rarse 4a Al1 cy 60'1He npocropnje 113-
MeI]1' coria '1l1Hl1Ae je411HCTBeH npoc-
TOp ca X04Hl1KOM cy 611Ae 0;1eJbe-
He, xao lIlTO je TO ca.ta cxy-ra]. Maxe
60'1He o.raje ca ouarjm-ra, cazta npe-
rrpaBJbeHe l' xyna'rnxa, clIrypHo cy 611-
.xe Yep1'HKlJl1jl1 nOMOnHl1X npocropuja
113 KOjlIX cy ce J\01Kl1Ae uehu Ycofiar-ia.
172
Tloc-rojeha pacnope.a npa'ra Y rrpoc-
'roprrjawa na crtpary, 0;1 KOjl1X cy nexa
Cl1r1'pHo rrpB0611THa, BepOBaTHO y lJe-
He o.aroaapa nexaaaunsen
cran.y.
311/laHl1M CTerreHl11I1TeM 113
/{BOpl11I1Ta 113Aa3lIAO ce Ha TpeM ca
xora ce 1'Aa311AOYX04HlIK na cnpa'ry.
Osa] 'rper-t rrpB0611THO je, 1I3rJ\e4a, 61I0
rpaljeu 04 4pBeTa. ITPl1Al1KOM rroc-
pexoacrpyxunje srpaae, l' np-
Bl1M4elJeHl1jaMa osor sexa, sasten-en je
6eToHcKoM KOHCTpyKlJlIjOM OCJ\OIbe-
HOM na rB034eHe KOH30Ae. Ha xpajy
'rpesia, xao lIlTO je TO II caaa cxyva],
HaAa311Aa cy ce .tsa HY1KHl1Ka, xao 11
o.trosapajyha .tsa l' np113eMJb1'.
Hexaaaum,a KpOBHa KOHCTpyK-
lJlIja 3rpa4e Hl1je Ca'11'RaHa. Ca4alIlI-b1I
KpOB, ca Ha;131I4aHl1M epaca4HlIM BeH-
lJeM rrOTl1'1e 113 BpeMeHa rrOCAe4I-be
06HORe. ITpR0611THl1 KpOB 3rpa4e, cy-
4enl1 npexia KOHCTp1'KTl1BHOM CKAOIIy
11 n.ene apxtrrexrvpe. MO-
pao je 611Tl1 3HaTHO Bl11I1l1.
KOMrr0311lJl1ja yAII'1He epaca4e
je Cl1MeTpl1'1Ha ca 60'1HIIM OTBOpl1Ma -
nop-raxnsta .xoxaxa II sparrora l' npn-
3eMJb1', 11 ner np030pCKlIX ornopa na
cnpary. 0 npB0611THoj 06pa/ll1 rpaca-
4e, xoja je cazia YlJeAOCTl1 l1C'1e3J\a,
40CTa noya.iano rOBOpl1 Ca'1)'BaHa 113-
KYl1A Y YAHIJH
IJAPA. /\YWAHA 10
1 N
1 Ca.tamn, 113r;\eA (1)aca/\e
N IlpeTIIOCTaILbeHa pecraypatjnja
epaca4e ca 6apOKHI1M eAeMeHTI1Ma
(4p Mapxo Flonosnh)
BopHa rpalja. Hexaziaiun,a epaca4a
3rpa4e 6MAa je paCqAalbeHa je.uro-
CTaBHMM XOpM30HTaAHMMBeHqeM M3-
Ha4 rrpM3eMma, 60qHMM rrMAacTpMMa
na yrxonmra, WTO je M cazta ca-rynano,
M KpORHMM ReHIJeM. Cpe.tnum.n nop-
TaA m-rao je npodnrxncana KaMeHM OK-
RMp ca narxauremoa M yByqeHMM rop-
I-bMM YL\OBMMa. Ca 06e crpane ;10I-ber
4eJ\a nopra.xa Ha;\a3M;\M cy ce KaMeHM
046ojHMIJM. TIopTaAM 60qHMX AOKaJ\a
6MAM cy AyqHO 06AMKoBaHM ca rrpo-
epMAMcaHMM KaMeHMM OKBMpMMa. TIo-
crojn MoryhHocT 4a ce ira 40IbeM 4eJ\ y
nopraxa HaAa3MO napaner, KOjM je
ofiyxaarao nOJ\ORMHY wMpMHe OTRO-
pa. TIpo30PM na cnpary MMaAM cy jezt-
HOCTaBHO nporpuxacane uc'rypene
oKBMpe paljene y MaA'repy, KOjM cy
crajaxn na rraparreTHoM BeHIJY. Mcn04
n.era HaJ\a3MAace nporpnxncana npa-
soyraoaa nnura. Hall rrp030pMMa cy
nocrojaxa ;IBa 'rnna cppou-rona. ]e,1aH
je 06pa30Bao rrpe;\OMJbeHM BeHaIJ, a
,1p)TM no.vyxpvxcna BeHaIJ ca XOpM-
30HTa,\HO xpajennxia.
173
OrrWTM OKBMp MCTOpl1jCKI1X
xperan.a 11 3Ha-reisa ypfianor pasnoja
Beorpaaa y rrpoTeKJ\I1M BeKOBMMa 04-
peljyjy BpeMeHCKI1, M;1ejHM M cTBapHM
no.xozcaj 11 sna-ten,e xyhe y YAMIJM
IJapa 4ywaHa 10. OHa npe.tcraaea
jeztaa 04 nOCAe;1I-bMX rparosa (iapoxue
'rpanccpopnauaje Beorpazta TOKOM
rrpBe rrO;\OBMHe XVIII sexa M je;1MHM
CaqYBaHI1 npunep cranoene apXMTeK-
Type 'rora 406a. OMAa je TO je.ura 04
npBI1X 6apOKHI1Xxyha no.rnrtry'rnx na
HOBOj peryxauaja Y r .xanno] Georpaa-
CKOj -raprnajn. CTl1IJajeM OKO;\HOCTM,
aJ\11 11 360r CBOjl1X rpal]eBI1HCKI1X KBa-
AMTeTa, Ha4)KMBeJ\a je CBe noroa.e
npor-tcnc 11 aaje.tno ca /lpyTI1M xyhar-ra
y HM3Y 113 I1CTor nepno.ta npe.io.ipe-
4MJ\a je KaCIII1je HOByrpaljesuucicv J\M-
HMjy je.rne 04 rJ\aBHI1X Georpaacxnx
YJ\MlJa. Y4aHawILeM rpaztcxoxr TKI1BY,
xyha Y 4ywaH()Boj 10 jaB;ba ce xao
crrOMeHMK ypoanor KOHTI1HYI1TeTa
WTO joj nope,l HecrropmIX rpa.trrre.s-
CKI1X BpefIHOCTM, .taje 11 Wl1pl1 sna-raj.
cPACMA 3fPME Y KOjOj CE HAAA3Y10 ATE.JUE YPOWA nPE4Y1llA, yx, AOAe PH6apa 6p. 27
nOP,HrHyra no npojexry apx. HHKoAe HeCTopoBHna 1908. roznnte;
!JpTem H3 npojexra pecraypagnje rpacaae, 1990. roa., apx. 30paHjaxoax.eaah Hapx. TaTjaHa BHp,eHoBHn, 40K. 333CKfE