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MARTI ELECTRONICS

STL TRANSMITTER MODEL STL10A


October, 2001 5979500

TECHNICAL MANUAL
MARTI ELECTRONICS STL-10A BROADCAST STL TRANSMITTER

TABLE OF CONTENTS
DESCRIPTION INTRODUCTION STL10A SPECIFICATIONS UNPACKING AND INSPECTING INSTALLATION STL10A TRANSMITTER INSTALLATION ANTENNA INSTALLATION STL ANTENNA INSTALLATION CHECKLIST ANTENNA ASSEMBLY TRANSMISSION LINE CONNECTOR ASSEMBLY MOISTURE PROOFING COAX CONNECTORS AND FITTINGS LOCATION AND GROUNDING OF COAXIAL CABLE SYSTEM GROUNDING ANTENNA INSTALLATION AND ADJUSTMENT OPERATION SWITCH AND METER FUNCTIONS TRANSMITOFF SWITCH AND LED FORWARDREFLECTED SWITCH AND RF POWER METER PEAK MODULATION METER TEST METER PREEMPHASIS SWITCHES FREQUENCY MEASUREMENT STL10A PERFORMANCE TESTS NOISE DISTORTION FREQUENCY RESPONSE STL10A THEORY OF OPERATION POWER SUPPLY 800168 INPUT/OUTPUT FILTER 800193A CONTROL BOARD 800197 AUDIO BOARD 800194 MODULATOR 800195 MULTIPLIER BOARD 800163 RF POWER AMPLIFIER 800374B AND 800373B DUAL LINK STEREO STL TEST EQUIPMENT TOOLS FOR ALIGNMENT OF STL10A SERIES TRANSMITTERS Marti Electronics 2000 ALL RIGHTS RESERVED Printed in the U.S.A. PAGE NO. 1 3 5 5 5 6 6 6 6 6 7 7 7 7 7 7 8 8 8 9 9 9 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 11 11 11 11 11 14 14

DESCRIPTION TUNEUP PROCEDURE FOR STL10A MODULATOR CIRCUIT BOARD 800195 ADJUSTMENTS STL10A TRANSMITTER TEST REPORT AUDIO CIRCUIT BOARD 800194 ADJUSTMENTS MULTIPLIER CIRCUIT BOARD 800163 ADJUSTMENTS RF POWER AMPLIFIER BOARD 800374B AND 800373B ADJUSTMENTS POWER CONTROL POT CALIBRATION B+ ADJUST FORWARD POWER METER ADJUST REVERSE POWER METER ADJUST PA CURRENT ADJUST FREQUENCY MEASUREMENT STL-10A PARTS LIST STL-10A SCHEMATICS

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LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS
FIGURE NO. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 TITLE STL10A TRANSMITTER STEREO STL SYSTEM BLOCK DIAGRAM 702058 FCC EMISSION PROFILE (500 KHZ CHANNEL) DRAWING FCC EMISSION PROFILE (200 KHZ CHANNEL) DRAWING STL10A TRANSMITTER BLOCK DIAGRAM STL10A ADJUSTMENT LOCATIONS STL10A MAIN FRAME PAGE NO. 1 2 12 13 19 20 21

LIST OF TABLES
TABLE NO. 1 2 DESCRIPTION STL10A ELECTRICAL AND PHYSICAL SPECIFICATIONS STL-10A PARTS LIST PAGE NO. 4 19

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WARNING
THIS EQUIPMENT MUST BE OPERATED WITH A 3CONDUCTOR GROUNDED AC POWER RECEPTACLE. FAILURE TO USE A PROPERLY GROUNDED RECEPTACLE MAY RESULT IN IMPROPER OPERATION OR A SAFETY HAZARD.

LIMITED WARRANTY
The Seller warrants that, at the time of shipment, the products manufactured by the Seller are free from defects in material and workmanship. The Sellers obligation under this warranty is limited to replacement or repair of such products which are returned to Marti at its factory, transportation prepaid and properly insured, provided: a. Notice of the claimed defect is given to Marti with in one (1) year [two (2) years for STL systems] from date of original shipment and goods are returned in accordance with Marti instructions. b. Equipment, accessories, tubes and batteries not manufactured by Marti are subject to only such adjustments as Marti may obtain from the supplier thereof. c. This warranty does not apply to equipment which has been altered, improperly handled, or damaged in any way. The Seller is in no event liable for consequential damages, installation cost or other costs of any nature as a result of the use of the products manufactured or supplied by the Seller, whether used in accordance with instructions or not. This warranty is in lieu of all others, either expressed or implied. No representative is authorized to assume for the Seller any other liability in connection with Sellers products.

COPYRIGHT NOTICE
2000 All Rights Reserved Marti Electronics No part of this manual may be reproduced, transmitted, transcribed, stored in a retrieval system , or translated into any language, natural or computer, in any form or by any means, without the prior written permission of Marti Electronics. Artwork depicting circuitry in this manual is protected by copyright laws. Information in this manual is subject to change without notice and does not represent a commitment on the part of Marti Electronics. Marti Electronics may make improvements and/or changes in this manual or in the product described herein at any time. This product could include technical inaccuracies or typographical errors.

MAILING & SHIPPING ADDRESS:

PHONE NUMBERS: Sales Sales FAX Service Service Fax (817) 7358134 (817) 7359340 (217) 2249600 (217) 2249607

MARTI Electronics
4100 North 24th Street Quincy, Illinois 62301 The United States of America

INTRODUCTION STL10A.
The MARTI STL10A Studio Transmitter Link/Intercity Relay is a lineofsight FM communications system providing a high quality broadcast audio channel with two optional subchannels. A dual link for stereo provides two identical broadcast quality channels with better than 70 dB stereo crosstalk and four optional subchannels. These systems offer greater rejection of interference, superior noise performance, much lower channel crosstalk, and greater redundancy than currently available composite STL systems.

APPLICATIONS OF THE STL10A SYSTEM (FCC Approved Parts 74, 101):

STL for FM stereo broadcast (dual system) STL for AM stereo broadcast (dual system) STL for FM monaural or AM monaural broadcast Intercity relay for linking two or more broadcast facilities Multirelay system for radio network distribution Communications link between satellite earth station and broadcast facilities Data and Background Music links Private microwave service
Complex systems can be built from basic STL10A transmitters and R10 receivers having multiple relay (repeaters), bidirectional (full duplex), and automatic switching hot standby features (refer to Figure 2).

Features of the STL10A Transmitter include:


w FCC approved under Parts 74 and 101. w User selectable audio processing provides 0, 25, 50, or 75 microsecond preemphasis options. w Lowpass filters designed to eliminate overshoot on complex audio waveforms. w Calibrated RF watt meter for forward and reflected power. w Test meter on front panel indicates Subcarrier Level, Supply Voltage, PA Current, For ward and Reflected Power. Additional test points are located inside transmitter.

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COPYRIGHT 2000 MARTI ELECTRONICS

FIGURE 2. STEREO STL SYSTEM BLOCK DIAGRAM 702058

w Automatic output power control. The power control maintains the output power to a specific level and is independent of temperature and voltage changes. w Twelve segment bar graph for display of peak transmitter modulation. The five highest LEDs (100% to 250%) have a peakhold feature which will display instantaneous peak value for one second, a valuable feature when dealing with preemphasized program audio. w Automatic switching capability by addition of Model ATS15E Transmitter Switcher w Accessory plug for external DC power, remote control, remote metering, and other functions w Low power consumption for operation on AC, solar cell, battery, or other singlepolarity DC source. (Marti Model UPS12 Uninterruptible Power System). w Terminal strip for a balanced 600 ohm audio input, BNC jack for unbalanced audio, Sub 1, and Sub 2 inputs.
The Marti STL10A system derives its excellence from Martis experience in supplying thousands of such systems worldwide over the past thirty years. This equipment incorporates stateoftheart technology and is manufactured in modern, efficient facilities under high qualitycontrol standards.

STL10A System Specifications


Freq Range MHz 850960 Maximum Power 10 watts Maximum Deviation 50 KHz Receiver IF Bandwidth 200 KHz System Specifications Frequency Response Distortion 0.25 dB, 2015000 Hz 0.25% or less

Transmitter STL10/950

Receiver R10/950

Noise 80 dB or better

System specifications shown are for 200 KHz receiver IF bandwidth. Narrow band channels requiring 85 KHz IF bandwidth have 0.25 dB response, 0.3% distortion.

System Applications
Freq Range MHz 850960 850960 850960 928960 928960 FCC Part 74 74 74 94 94 B.W. Each Channel 200 KHz 150 KHz 100 KHz 100 KHz 100 KHz Channel Separation 80 dB 72 dB 72 dB 72 dB 70 dB

Application FM Stereo STL FM Stereo STL AM Stereo STL Data or Background Music 4channel Sat. Pgm. Feed

Frequency Response 0.25 dB, 2015000 Hz 0.3 dB, 2015000 Hz 0.3 dB, 2015000 Hz 0.3 dB, 2015000 Hz 0.3 dB, 2015000 Hz

Distortion 0.25% or less 0.3% or less 0.3% or less 0.3% or less 0.3% or less

Noise 80 dB or better 72 dB or better 72 dB or better 72 dB or better 70 dB or better

Stereo System Differential Phase 0.5 degrees or less

SPECIFICATIONS SUBJECT TO CHANGE WITHOUT NOTICE

TABLE 1. STL10A ELECTRICAL AND PHYSICAL SPECIFICATIONS (Sheet 1 of 2) PARAMETER ELECTRICAL FREQUENCY BAND MAXIMUM POWER OUTPUT OUTPUT CONNECTOR OUTPUT IMPEDANCE MODULATION STABILITY SPURIOUS EMISSIONS AUTOMATIC CHANGEOVER AUDIO INPUTS SUBCARRIER INPUTS 850 MHz to 960 MHz as specified. 10 watts, 0.5 watts,850 to 960 MHz. UG58 (Type N Female) 50 Ohms Direct FM 0.00025% More than 60 dB below carrier. Provision for automatic changeover by addition of ATS15E Automatic Switcher Balanced 600 Ohms, +8 dBm, barrier strip. BNC connectors for unbalanced input. Two BNC connectors for remote control and/or subcarrier inputs. 50600 ohms unbalanced, 3 V. PP for 10% injection. Precision Peakhold Bar Graph Modulation Meter. Illuminated RF Wattmeter indicates Forward Power, Reflected Power. Test Meter reads PA Current, Subcarrier Level, 13.5 Volt Supply, and RF Drive 1, RF Drive 2. LED indicates Transmit. TRANSMIT switch, TEST METER switch, POWER ADJUST Pot. 120220 volts ac * 5060 Hz, 80 watts. 13.5 volt dc at 4 Amperes. Precision, electronically regulated with current/temperature limiting. 15pin D connector for dc power, remote control, automatic changeover and remote power metering. 4 Amp SloBlo for 115 V operation. 1.25 Amp SloBlo for 230V operation. Type 3AG. 19 in.(48.26 cm.) wide x 3.5 in. (8.89 cm.) high x 14 in. (35.56 cm) deep. Net 11 pounds. Domestic packed 18 pounds. Net 4.9 kilograms. Export packed 8.2 kilograms. FCC ID: DDESTL10950 SPECIFICATION

METERING/INDICATORS

CONTROLS POWER REQUIREMENTS AC POWER SUPPLY ACCESSORY CONNECTOR FUSE PHYSICAL DIMENSIONS WEIGHT TYPE ACCEPTANCE NUMBER (FCC PART 101 & PART 74)

TABLE 1. STL10A ELECTRICAL AND PHYSICAL SPECIFICATIONS (Sheet 2 of 2) PARAMETER ENVIRONMENTAL OPERATING TEMPERATURE RANGE * Voltage must be specified with order. ** Requires APS28/18 Power Supply 20C to +50C (4F to +122F). SPECIFICATION

UNPACKING AND INSPECTING.


This equipment was factory tested, inspected, packed, and delivered to the carrier with utmost care. Do not accept shipment from the carrier which shows damage or shortage until the carriers agent endorses a statement of the irregularity on the face of the carriers receipt. Without documentary evidence, a claim cannot be filed. Unpack equipment immediately upon receipt and thoroughly inspect for concealed damage. If damage is discovered, cease further unpacking and request immediate inspection by a local agent of the carrier. A written report of the agents findings, with his signature is necessary to support the claim. Check your shipment against the shipping papers for possible shortage. Do not discard any packing material until all items are located. Small items are often thrown away with packing material. The packing material should be retained until equipment testing is completed. Any equipment returned to the factory should be packed in the original cartons, insured, and prepaid.

INSTALLATION.
NOTE NOTE INSTALL RACKMOUNTED EQUIPMENT IN A WELL VENTILATED, GROUNDED, AND SHIELDED RACK CABINET.

Install rackmounted equipment in a well ventilated, grounded, and shielded rack cabinet. Do not locate solidstate equipment in a rack above tubetype equipment which produces high temperatures. Problems can also be avoided by locating this unit away from other equipment which has transformers that produce strong magnetic fields. These fields can induce hum and noise into the Marti equipment thus reducing performance. Strong radiofrequency (RF) fields should be avoided where possible. Extensive shielding and filtering have been incorporated into this equipment to permit operation in moderate RF environments. All equipment racks, cabinets, etc., should be bonded together by wide copper grounding strap to ensure that all system elements are at the same RF ground potential.

STL10A TRANSMITTER INSTALLATION.


1. Program audio output is connected to balanced audio input screw terminals. Use shielded wire. Program audio level required is +8 dBm, 600 ohms balanced and isolated from ground. For dual channel stereo repeat instructions at second transmitter. Audio processing requirements will be discussed in OPERATION. 2. Connect a Remote Control or Subcarrier Generator (modulator) to the jack marked J1 SUB IN. The subcarrier source may be 50 to 600 ohms impedance, and the input level required is approximately one (1) volt RMS. Subcarrier frequencies may be between 39 KHz and 67 KHz. Systems factory supplied with 200 KHz IF bandwidths will carry subcarriers up to 92 KHz. For other subcarrier frequencies or narrow IF bandwidth systems contact the factory. A second subcarrier generator can be connected to J3. If a dual channel stereo STL is used connect one subcarrier generator to J1 on each channels transmitter.

3. The accessory connector has several uses such as remote control, automatic switching, and external DC power. Connection instructions are furnished with these accessories. 4. Connect STL transmitting antenna coax to J6 ANTENNA. This requires a type N male connector. A short flexible jumper (20 max.) may be used between J6 and semiflexible coax. Marti Part No. 585017 double shielded, lowloss RG 214/U jumper is recommended.

WARNING WARNING

THIS EQUIPMENT MUST BE OPERATED WITH A 3PRONG, GROUNDED, 115 VOLT, AC OUTLET RECEPTACLE. FAILURE TO USE A PROPERLY GROUNDED OUTLET COULD RESULT IN A SAFETY HAZARD OR FAULTY EQUIPMENT PERFORMANCE.

5. For dual channel stereo, use only Marti Part No. 585017, 20.5 inch double shielded jumper between J6 of each transmitter and the indicated connectors of the HRC10B Series Combiners. Use a third Part No. 585017 jumper between the ANTENNA connector of the HRC10B and the semirigid coax. Refer to Drawing 702058. 6. Turn transmitter off. Connect the ac line receptacle on back of the transmitter to a 115 volt AC power source with special cord set supplied. Use only 3prong grounded outlet receptacles.

ANTENNA INSTALLATION.
STL Antenna Installation Checklist.
The following suggestions are offered to help those responsible for antenna installations avoid costly errors in assembly and adjustment. Marti Electronics Inc. assumes no responsibility for the installation and performance of antenna systems associated with the equipment. The following text presents a listing of some of the most frequently asked questions associated with the equipment. The text is not intended to be a complete stepbystep procedure.

Antenna Assembly.
Follow the manufacturers instructions carefully. If no instructions were included with the antenna, call or write the antenna manufacturer for instructions. Errors are frequently made in assembly of the RF feed dipole elements which must be installed in the same plan as the reflector grids. In other words, if the reflector grid elements are horizontal, then the feed dipole elements must also be horizontal. Cross polarization of grid and feed dipole will result in total loss of antenna gain.

Transmission Line Connector Assembly.


Do not use RG58 U or RG8 U cable for STL station antennas. They have too much loss at VHF and UHF frequencies. Follow the instructions furnished by the manufacturer when cutting the coaxial cable. Inspect the cable ends for small metal fragments which can shortcircuit the line inside the connector assembly. Check the line for a shortcircuit condition after each connector is installed using an Ohmmeter. Pressurized line should be checked for several days under pressure before installation on a tower to ensure that there are no leaks in the line or fittings.

Moisture Proofing Coax Connectors and Fittings.


Extreme care must be exercised with coaxial cable before and after connectors have been installed to ensure that moisture does not enter the line. Foam dielectric line can absorb moisture absorption which is difficult to detect and remedy. Therefore, keep the line dry while in storage with the ends tightly capped. Coaxial splices, connectors, and fittings, to be located outside should be made mechanically tight, then coated with a weatherproofing material such as SCOTCHKOTE over at least two layers of SCOTCH 88 vinyl plastic electrical tape. Moisture problems in antenna systems are usually traced back to connectors which have NOT been properly taped. The Marti K1 grounding and weatherproofing kit is recommended for use in each new antenna installation.

Location and Grounding of Coaxial Cable.


Keep the STL receiver coaxial cable as far from the broadcast transmitter and coaxial cable as possible. DO NOT STRAP RECEIVER CABLE TO THE MAIN ANTENNA CABLE AT ANY POINT. PLACE THE RECEIVER ANTENNA COAXIAL CABLE ON THE OPPOSITE SIDE OF THE TOWER FROM THE MAIN ANTENNA CABLE. Maintain maximum separation between these cables at all points, including the distance from tower base to transmitter building as well as inside the building.

System Grounding.
It is essential that the STL antenna system be properly grounded for safety and proper operation. Ensure the antenna system is properly grounded.

Antenna Installation and Adjustment.


The polarization of the transmit and receive antennas of the STL system must be the same. This means that if the transmitting antenna is horizontal, the receiving antenna must also be horizontal. Each antenna should be attached to the tower to allow for final adjustment in azimuth heading and vertical tilt. After visual adjustment of the antennas, the transmitter and receiver can be used to make the final adjustments of the antennas. With the transmitter driving one antenna, the receiving antenna is adjusted for maximum signal (indicated on the receiver) in both horizontal and vertical directivity. CAUTION: Antennas have a major and several minor lobes in their directivity patterns. A common error is to peak the antenna on a minor lobe, resulting in a signal level of only a fraction of the major lobe signal. This error can be avoided only by swinging the antenna through a large angle so that all lobes are evaluated and the major lobe clearly determined. After one antenna is adjusted, the transmitter and receiver locations are reversed, to allow adjustment of the other antenna. If an RF wattmeter is available, each antenna and transmission line can be checked for VSWR when the transmitter is supplying power to it. The VSWR should be less than 1.5 to 1 (1.5:1). If the antenna system fails to give the predicted signal strength level, check the following items: 1. Check for correct assembly of antenna. 2. Ensure the antennas have same polarity. 3. Check orientation of antennas in both horizontal and vertical directions. 4. Check VSWR of both the transmit and receive antennas. VSWR should be less than 1.5:1. 5. Check for required Fresnel zone path clearance at all points along radio path. 6. Check for obstructions in the path such as trees and manmade structures. Do not depend on maps or aerial photographs.

WARNING WARNING

YOU CAN BE KILLED IF AN ANTENNA COMES IN CONTACT WITH ELECTRIC POWER LINES OR EXPOSED ELECTRICAL WIRING. FOR YOUR SAFETY USE EXTREME CAUTION WHEN INSTALLING ANTENNAS. KEEP AWAY FROM POWER LINES.

OPERATION.
SWITCH AND METER FUNCTIONS.
TRANSMITOFF Switch & LED.
This toggle switch controls the RF output of the transmitter. The red LED above this switch is a visual indication that the switch is in TRANSMIT position. The audio circuits, the 13.5 volt regulated power supply and the meter illumination lamps remain on when the TRANSMIT switch is OFF.

FORWARDREFLECTED Switch & RF Power Meter.


The RF POWER METER, with its selector switch, allows monitoring parameters within the transmitter as follows: 1. When switched to FORWARD POWER, the meter indicates the RF power output of the STL10A transmitter. The maximum power is 10 Watts for the 850960 MHz band (United States). 2. When switched to REFLECTED POWER, the TEST METER indicates the amount of power returning on the coaxial line from the antenna. This is useful in determining the VSWR (Voltage Standing Wave Ratio) for the antenna system. The lower the VSWR for a given forward power, the better. Most antennas guarantee a VSWR of less than 1.5 to 1. The table below gives VSWR for various reflected powers:

Forward Power
10 Watts (890960 MHz) 10 Watts (890960 MHz) 10 Watts (890960 MHz) 10 Watts (890960 MHz) 10 Watts (890960 MHz)

Reflected Power 0.3 watts 0.4 watts 0.5 watts 0.7 watts 1.0 watts

VSWR 1.40 1.50 1.57 1.70 1.90

PEAK MODULATION Meter.


A peakhold twelve segment bar graph display is included on the STL10A transmitter for setting and monitoring peak STL modulation (composite or mono mode). The five highest LEDs (100% to 250%) have a peakhold feature which will display an instantaneous peak value for one second. This is a valuable feature when dealing with preemphasized program audio. The procedure for setting peak modulation is to adjust audio input level into the STL10A until the 100% bar is flashing on audio peaks. The 110% through 250% bars indicate overmodulation and require a reduction in input level to obtain a 100% peak indication.

TEST Meter.
The TEST METER with its selector switch, allows monitoring of five important parameters within the transmitter as follows: 1. SUB LEVEL Indicates subcarrier injection. 0 VU is approximately 20% injection. For 10% injection use 6 VU. Subcarrier voltage at J1 or J3 is approximately 1 volt for 20% injection, 0.5 volts for 10%. 2. +13 VOLT SUPPLY Indicates regulated voltage supply operation. +1.5 VU is approximately 13.5 VDC. 3. P.A. CURRENT The collector current of the final amplifier and its driver is calibrated to read 0 VU on the meter at rated power output and efficiency. The POWER ADJUST potentiometer should never be set to produce a P.A. current greater than 0 VU. 4. FORWARD POWER. The transmitter forward power level. 5. REFLECTED POWER. The transmitter reflected power level.

PREEMPHASIS SWITCHES.
Two programmable switches S1 and S2 on audio board 800194 enable the user to select flat, 25, 50, or 75 microsecond preemphasis characteristics. The selection of one of these options in the transmitter requires a corresponding selection of S1 and S2 on receiver audio board 800205. Refer to STL10A adjustment location diagram at the end of this manual for the location of these switches. The switches, as shown in the diagrams, are positioned for 75 microseconds at the factory. 75 microsecond preemphasis and deemphasis produces the best threshold noise performance in an FM system. It does however present problems in modulation control. Some users therefore may wish to use 50 microsecond, 25 microsecond, or flat processing. AM stations will find flat processing desirable since the STL can be treated as a pair of wires in proof of performance tests without possible overmodulation of the link at high audio frequencies. With 75 microsecond preemphasis, audio input levels to the transmitter should be reduced 20 dB below 100% modulation when running frequency response tests to prevent overmodulation at the higher audio frequencies. With a full quieting RF signal into the receiver, flat preemphasis will produce a system signaltonoise ratio approximately 6 dB less than 75 microsecond preemphasis. Received signal levels less than full quieting may produce a difference of as much as 13 dB between flat and 75 microsecond preemphasis.

FREQUENCY MEASUREMENT.
The RF output frequency of this transmitter should be measured and adjusted as often as necessary to insure onfrequency operation and to comply with regulations (refer to TUNEUP PROCEDURE in the following text).

STL10A SYSTEM PERFORMANCE TESTS.


The STL10A transmitter, R10 receiver with the associated antenna system can be tested and compared with factory test data included in this manual. The following procedures should be followed in order to obtain reliable and accurate results. Before audio tests or subcarrier tests are begun check the receiver SIG. LEVEL METER for required minimum signal. A conversion from VU to microvolts is given under OPERATION in the R10 receiver manual. For a 950 MHz system using 50 KHz FM deviation, typical noise levels are: 1 uV for 20dB S/N ratio 3 uV or 50 dB S/N ratio 10 uV for 60 dB S/N ratio 20 uV for 70 dB S/N ratio 50+ uV for ultimate S/N ratio For the above system with 20% subcarrier injection, the following noise level on the subcarrier (Marti SCG10 SCD10 System) was measured: (no modulation main or sub). 10 uV for 40 dB Subcarrier S/N ratio 20 uV for 47 dB Subcarrier S/N ratio 30 uV for 50 dB Subcarrier S/N ratio 150 uV for ultimate Subcarrier S/N ratio With ultimate S/N ratio, main to sub crosstalk should be 40 to 45 dB (using Marti SCG10 SCD10 Subcarrier System).

NOISE.
Noise measurements should be made first, since high noise levels will influence distortion readings. Also ground loops in the audio oscillator to transmitter connections and distortion analyzer to receiver connections must be resolved before testing begins. The influence of high RF fields upon the test equipment must be determined and corrected before accurate measurements can be made. NOTE: NOISE AND DISTORTION MEASUREMENTS ARE MADE WITH SUBCARRIER AND REMOTE CONTROL INPUT SIGNALS REMOVED. System signal to noise ratio is determined while modulating the transmitter 100% at 400 Hz. A level of +8 dBm across the balanced audio input terminals of TB1 will produce a reading of 100% modulation on the PEAK MODULATION indicator. Set Receiver PGM LEVEL ADJ pot for +10 dBm output into the distortion analyzer. If the distortion analyzer has a high impedance input, add a 600 ohm load resistor to match the receiver. Establish +10 dBm on the audio voltmeter of the analyzer as the reference level for 100% modulation. Next, remove the audio signal from the transmitter input and measure noise level below reference (100% modulation). This reading should compare with that published under SYSTEM SPECIFICATIONS in this manual.

DISTORTION.
Harmonic distortion is usually measured at 100% modulation and at several frequencies. If preemphasis processing is used in the transmitter with corresponding deemphasis in the receiver, it is normal for available audio level at the receiver to drop with increasing frequency according to the deemphasis curve selected. At 15 KHz, there is sufficient level to operate most modern distortion analyzers. Distortion levels should be within specifications. If distortion is out of specs, check system noise, check for test equipment ground loops, RFI, and transmitter/receiver operating frequency. If either unit is off frequency, the FM modulation sidebands are not centered within the IF filter bandpass, which can cause audio distortion.

FREQUENCY RESPONSE.
If the STL10A System is switched to flat processing, frequency response can be measured as if the signal were being sent over straight wires. If preemphasis processing is used (especially 75 microseconds) allowance must be made in the transmitter audio input level to prevent overmodulation at test frequencies above 400 Hz. The simplest and fastest method is to set the transmitter audio input level for 100% modulation at 400 Hz, then attenuate this level 20 dB. Set receiver output level to 10 dBm as the reference, then sweep the audio band for response. Response should be within limits published in the SYSTEM SPECIFICATIONS.

STL10A THEORY OF OPERATION.


Refer to the STL10A block diagram in the DRAWINGS AND PARTS LIST section for the following discussion.

POWER SUPPLY 800168.


Power supply circuit board 800168 contains filter capacitor C5, and reverse polarity protection diodes D5, D6 and D7. The unregulated output voltage of this supply is 1720 volts. The voltage is supplied from bridge rectifier D14 on circuit board 800168.

INPUT/OUTPUT FILTER 800193A.


Radiofrequency filters are installed on all input/output circuits connected to ACCESSORY connector J4, as well as the AC line input.

CONTROL BOARD 800197.


Applies an operating voltage to the unit.

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AUDIO BOARD 800194.


The 600 ohm balanced audio input to the transmitter is connected to the inputs of unity gain differential amplifier IC1A. Potentiometer R9 is provided for adjusting the amplifier to produce the maximum common mode rejection (CMR). The output of the differential amplifier is directly coupled to the preemphasis amplifier. The negative feedback circuit of this amplifier has two capacitors selected by switches S1 and S2 which provides options of 0, 25, 50, or 75 microsecond preemphasis. Following the preemphasis circuit are two stages of active Butterworth low pass filtering. The signal is then routed to the MODULATOR audio input and to metering amplifiers IC3A and IC3B. The subcarrier input is routed to the MODULATOR subcarrier input.

MODULATOR 800195.
The MODULATOR consists of voltage controlled crystal oscillator Q2, buffer amplifier Q3, subcarrier modulator D2, precision voltage regulator IC1 and oven heater control Q1. Precise frequency control is obtained by thermally coupling components Y1, Q1, Q2, and IC1 to temperature regulated frequency control module 8001601. Coarse and fine frequency adjustment is provided by L1 and L2 while the main channel modulation is provided by a voltage variable capacitance diode in the frequency control module. Bias for this diode is obtained through voltage divider resistors R4, R5, and R7. Diode D1 temperature compensates the bias supply. Components L3, C13 and D2 permit phase modulation of the subcarrier information upon the RF output of transistor Q3.

MULTIPLIER BOARD 800163.


The modulator RF output is frequencymultiplied in the multiplier board to obtain the various operating frequencies listed on the STL10A specification sheet. The power level at the input to the multiplier is approximately 5 mw. The output level is 0.7 to 1.2 watts.

RF POWER AMPLIFIER 800374B AND 800373B.


The RF power amplifier consists of two boards; the PA Interface board (800374B) and the TwoStage RF Power Amplifier board (800373B). Up to 1 watt RF power from the Multiplier board (800163) at a frequency ranging from 445 to 480 MHz is fed into the 10/15C PA Interface board (800374B). The purpose of this board is to double the incoming frequency, amplify the doubled frequency and filter out all other frequencies. This board also provides a means for controlling the RF power level via the front panel POWER ADJUST POT. An automatic level control (ALC) circuit stabilizes and maintains an accurate output power level. A 50 mW (max), 890960 MHz signal from this board is fed into the two stage RF Power Amplifier board. The RF goes through two stages of RF amplification. The first stage (U2) is a 1 watt (max) predriver. It has an input and output transformer (T1 and T2) for achieving optimum 50 ohm matching between the stages. The output of T2 is fed into the final PA module (U3) for an output of 15 watts max. The signal is then lowpassed filtered through FL1 and then fed through a directional coupler for monitoring forward and reflected power. This board also provides regulated B+ for powering the PA and the rest of the chassis. Finally, there also exist circuitry for regulating the fan and monitoring PA current.

DUAL LINK STEREO STL.


Two STL10A Links can share the same 500 KHz, 300 KHz, or 200 KHz channel for transmission of left and right stereo components, as shown in the STEREO STL SYSTEM BLOCK DIAGRAM, Drawing No. 702058. A system operating in this manner uses no more spectrum (and possibly less) than COMPOSITE systems, while providing much lower channel crosstalk (72 dB). Since the two links are independent, if one link fails, continued operation in mono service is assured. Phase shift between channels can be less than 1 degree. The two carriers are offset above and below the channel center frequency as shown in the following FCC EMISSION PROFILE Drawings. Offsets are 125 KHz for 500 KHz channels, 75 KHz for 300 KHz channels, and 50 KHz for 200 KHz channels. Using a Marti HRC10 Transmitter Combiner having 40 dB isolation, all sidebands and IM products are well within the limits of Subpart E of FCC Rules Part 74.535. Optional transmitter combiners are available which provide 70 dB or 100 dB of isolation. Receiver IF selectivity required in this system is 200 KHz for 500 KHz channels, 85 KHz for 300 KHz channels and 75 KHz for 200 KHz channels.

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COPYRIGHT 2000 MARTI ELECTRONICS

FIGURE 3. FCC EMISSION PROFILE (500 KHZ CHANNEL) DRAWING

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COPYRIGHT 2000 MARTI ELECTRONICS

FIGURE 4. FCC EMISSION PROFILE (200 KHZ CHANNEL) DRAWING

TEST EQUIPMENT.
The following text presents the test equipment required for alignment of STL10A Transmitters. A sample test report is also provided in the following text. 1. Bird, Model #43, Wattmeter, 50 ohm impedance. 2. Bird, 25Watt Element, 4001000 MHz. 3. Microwave Associates, 50Watt RF Load, Model 44003. 4. KronHite, Distortion Analyzer, Model 6900B. 5. KronHite, Oscillator, Model 4500. 6. Hewlett Packard, Attenuator Set, Model 350D. 7. Signoteck Frequency Counter. 8. Hewlett Packard, Spectrum Analyzer, Model 8558B. 9. Wavetek, Automatic Modulation Meter, Model 4101. 10. Wavetek, Digital Multimeter, Model 27XT. 12. Kay, RF Attenuator, Adjustable 0110 dB, Model 437A. 13. Marconi, RF Signal Generator, Model 2022C.

TOOLS FOR ALIGNMENT OF STL10A SERIES TRANSMITTERS.


1. 2. 3. 4. GC, 9300, Tuning Tool. GC, 9440, Tuning Tool. Spectrol, 8T000, Tuning Tool. SpragueGoodman, Tuning Tool.

TUNEUP PROCEDURE FOR STL10A.


MODULATOR CIRCUIT BOARD 800195 ADJUSTMENTS.
Connect a dummy load with a sampling attenuator to the ANTENNA connector J6 of the transmitter. Connect an accurate standard FM deviation meter and frequency counter to the sampling attenuator or J5 the FREQUENCY TEST JACK. Operate the CONTROL switch to TRANSMIT. 1. Measure the bias voltage at TP (test point) of modulator circuit board 800195 using digital dc voltmeter. This voltage should be recorded on STL10A TRANSMITTER TEST REPORT. To ensure low distortion modulation, do not change this voltage setting. 2. Operate the transmitter on frequency by adjusting L2 (fine) coil slug using correct insulated tool. If necessary, L1 (coarse adjustment) can be made using the insulated tool specified. 3. Monitor the PEAK MODULATION LED bar and feed a 400 Hz, +8 dBm signal from an audio signal generator into TB1. The PEAK MODULATION meter should read 100%. If not, adjust R24 (modulation meter calibrate) on audio circuit board 800194 for 100% on PEAK MODULATION meter. The FM deviation meter should read the deviation specified under 100% modulation on STL10A TRANSMITTER TEST REPORT. If not, adjust R6 on modulator circuit board 800195. 4. Remove the 400 Hz tone. Feed the audio signal generator set for 67 KHz at one (1) volt into J1 Sub In. Operate the TEST METER switch to SUB LEVEL and adjust audio signal generator level for a meter reading of 0 VU. Adjust R11 for a 20% subcarrier injection as indicated on the linear vertical display on a spectrum analyzer.

14

STL10A TRANSMITTER TEST REPORT


CUSTOMER: _________________________________________________________________________ ADDRESS: ___________________________________________________________________________

FREQUENCY: ______________________________ Serial #: ______________________________ Modulator Bias: __________________ 100% Modulation __________________________ +kHz. Total DC Current __________________________ amperes TEST POINT READINGS TP 1 TP 2 TP 3 TP 4 __________ 0.15 V dc 0.60 V dc __________ 0.70 V dc 1.90 V dc __________ 0.50 V dc 1.00 V dc __________ 0.50 V dc 1.90 V dc

TEST METER READINGS Subcarrier Level: 0 VU = 20% +13 Volt Supply: +1 VU = 13.5 Volts DC P.A. Current: 0 VU = Normal TEST EQUIPMENT Frequency Counter, HP Model 5383A Deviation Monitor, Wavetek Model 4101

SIGNATURE: ______________________________________ DATE: ____________________________________________

15

AUDIO CIRCUIT BOARD 800194 ADJUSTMENTS.


1. Connect an audio voltmeter to Pin 1 (modulator audio) of audio circuit board 800194. Connect a jumper between terminal 1 and 2 (the outer terminals) of TB1 (the 600 ohm balanced input). Connect an audio signal generator between chassis and either Terminal 1 or 2. Operate the generator for a 100 Hz output at 1 volt. Increase sensitivity of the audio voltmeter until the 100 Hz output component is indicated. Adjust R9 (CMR, Common Mode Rejection) for a minimum common mode output. 2. Set S1 and S2 on audio circuit board 800194 for 75 microsecond preemphasis with S1 and S2 positioned toward R15. Remove the jumper and feed the audio signal generator into terminals 1 and 2 of TB1. Operate the generator to 15 KHz and adjust the level for 0.78 volts (0 dBm) output on the audio voltmeter. Operate the generator to 400 Hz and observe audio voltmeter. The level at 400 Hz should be exactly 17 dB below the level at 15 KHz. If not, return to 15 KHz and adjust R15 by the amount in error at 400 Hz. Repeat process until the exact preemphasis is obtained. 3. Modulation meter calibration is covered in the modulator circuit board 800195 adjustments.

MULTIPLIER CIRCUIT BOARD 800163 ADJUSTMENTS.


Remove the top cover of the unit. Remove the coaxial cable plug at RF Output jack J2 of on multiplier circuit board 800163. Refer to the STL10A ADJUSTMENT LOCATIONS diagram for the location of connectors, test points and adjustments. 1. Connect a Bird Model #43 Wattmeter with a 5watt element and a 50 ohm load to J2 of multiplier circuit board 800163. Connect sensitive multimeter (03 volt DC range) negative probe to TP1 of multiplier board and the positive probe to chassis ground. Operate the CONTROL switch to TRANSMIT. A minimum of 0.25 volts should be indicated. If not, refer to MODULATOR CIRCUIT BOARD ADJUSTMENTS in the preceding text. 2. Move the meter negative probe to TP2. Adjust L1 and L2 for a maximum indication. 3. Move the meter negative probe to TP3. Adjust L3 and L4 for a maximum indication. 4. Move the meter negative probe to TP4. Adjust L5 and L6 for a maximum indication. NOTE: Omit this step on the 140180 MHz units. 5. Move the meter negative probe to TP5. Adjust C27 and C28 for a maximum indication. Turn POWER ADJUST pot, R14 for maximum power. 6. Adjust C36 and C37 for a maximum indication on the wattmeter connected to J2 with the R14 power pot operated to maximum. Adjust power level to .75 to 2 watts output. 7. Operate the CONTROL switch to OFF. Remove the wattmeter from J2 and reinstall coaxial cable plug at J2. Adjust R14, POWER ADJUST, for correct transmitter output power.

RF POWER AMPLIFIER BOARD 800374B AND 800373B ADJUSTMENTS.


The RF Power Amplifier is very broadband and has been fully calibrated and adjusted at the factory. The only adjustments available are POWER CONTROL POT calibration, B+ adjust, FORWARD POWER METER adjust, REFLECTED POWER METER adjust, and PA CURRENT adjust. These adjustments should only be made as necessary and with extreme care by following the procedures below: For the following adjustments, switch TRANSMIT off and connect an accurate RF wattmeter and dummy load rated for at least 25 watts at 800 to 1000 MHz to the RF output N connector. Remove top cover of unit. Please carefully read procedures before doing them.

POWER CONTROL POT CALIBRATION.


1. On the Interface board, rotate the POWER CALIBRATION POT (R4) fully counterclockwise. 2. On the front panel of unit, rotate the POWER CONTROL POT fully counterclockwise. 3. Rotate R20 on the twostage RF power amplifier board fully counterclockwise.

16

4. Turn on TRANSMIT switch. The wattmeter should read approximately 0 watts. 5. Rotate R20 on the RF power amplifier board approximately 6 turns clockwise. 6. On the front panel of unit, slowly rotate the POWER CONTROL POT clockwise watching the wattmeter for any significant power. Keep rotating the POWER CONTROL POT until the control is fully clockwise. If the output power exceeds 5 watts during the adjustment, proceed as follows: A. Rotate R20 on the RF power amplifier board clockwise until the output power is between 1 and 5 watts. B. Continue to rotate the POWER CONTROL POT until the control is fully clockwise. 7. With the POWER CONTROL POT in full clockwise position, begin slowly rotating the POWER CALIBRATION POT (R4 on 10/15C PA Interface Board) clockwise at the same time watching the wattmeter climb in power. Keep rotating the control until the desired maximum output power is obtained. Do not exceed 10 watts. 8. Once the POWER CONTROL POT is adjusted, do not readjust POWER CALIBRATION POT R4 on the 10/15C PA Interface Board or R20 on the RF power amplifier board. 9. Replace top cover.

B+ ADJUST.
1. Using a VOLTMETER, with negative lead connected to ground (chassis), connect the positive lead to a B+ location (refer to any schematic B+ wiring is red and goes to every PC board). 2. On the twostage RF Power Amplifier board adjust Pot (R5) in the direction required to achieve a B+ reading of 13 volts. Adjust this voltage with the TRANSMIT switch on and the output power at 10 watts. 3. Perform (or redo) the POWER CONTROL POT CALIBRATION procedure. 4. Replace top cover.

FORWARD POWER METER ADJUST.


1. With the TRANSMIT switch on, adjust the POWER CONTROL POT (on front panel) such that the wattmeter reads 10 watts. 2. Put the front panel ROTARY switch in the forward power position. 3. Adjust R8 (on meter board just inside front panel) until the front panel meter reads 10 watts. 4. Verify calibration by adjusting POWER CONTROL POT and comparing the wattmeter reading with the front panel. They should closely agree as power changes. 5. Replace top cover.

REFLECTED POWER METER ADJUST.


1. With the TRANSMIT switch on, adjust POWER CONTROL POT such that the wattmeter reads 10 watts.

WARNING WARNING

READ AND UNDERSTAND THE FOLLOWING STEPS BEFORE PERFORMING THEM. IT IS IMPORTANT THAT THESE STEPS BE PERFORMED WITHIN A SHORT PERIOD OF TIME.

2. Put the front panel ROTARY switch in the reflected power position. 3. With the TRANSMIT switch still on, remove the RF output cable from the N connector on the back of the unit. 4. Adjust R9 (on meter board just inside front panel) until the front panel meter reads 10 watts.

17

5. If R9 is turned as far as it can be turned and the front panel meter is still below the 10 watt reading, adjust R17 on the twostage RF Power Amplifier board until the front panel meter does indicate 10 watts. 6. Reconnect the RF output cable to the N connector. Verify that the power (from the wattmeter reading) goes back to 10 watts and the front panel reflected power meter reading falls to less than 1 watt. 7. Replace top cover.

PA CURRENT ADJUST.
1. Turn on TRANSMIT switch. 2. Adjust output power to 10 watts using POWER CONTROL POT on front panel. 3. Put the front panel ROTARY switch in the PA CURRENT position. 4. Adjust R10 (on the meter board just inside front panel) so that the front panel meter indicates 100%. 5. Verify by adjusting output power up and down watching the PA CURRENT meter reading following the trend. 6. Replace top cover.

FREQUENCY MEASUREMENT.
The RF output frequency of this transmitter should be measured and adjusted as often as necessary to insure onfrequency operation and to comply with regulations. Frequency measurement can be made by coupling off the RF output via a wattmeter or a 30 dB (or more) 50 watt attenuator into a frequency counter.

18

19 FIGURE 5. STL10A TRANSMITTER BLOCK DIAGRAM


COPYRIGHT 2000 MARTI ELECTRONICS

20
COPYRIGHT 2000 MARTI ELECTRONICS

FIGURE 6. STL10A ADJUSTMENT LOCATIONS

FIGURE 7. STL10A MAIN FRAME 21

STL10A PARTS LIST


PARTS LIST 950 MULTIPLIER Loc. R14 R12 R1 R17 R11 R2 R3 R5 R8 R4 R7 R13 R16 R18 R10 R6 R9 C11 C17 C35 C2 C4 C9 C27 C28 C37 C36 C24 C39 C29 C31 C13 C20 C6 Marti No. 100101 145030C 145102 145102 145103 145103 145151 145153 145153 145272 145272 145331 145472 145473 145561 145680C 145680C 217103 217103 217103 217104 217104 217104 230103 230103 230103 230106 241120 241120 241470 253471 255010 255010 255020 Description Potentiometer, 100 ohm Mallory MR100P Resistor, 3.3 ohm 1/4 watt 5% carbon comp 30BJ250 Resistor, 1k ohm 1/4 watt 1% metal film Mepco SFR55 1K 1%TR Resistor, 1k ohm 1/4 watt 1% metal film Mepco SFR55 1K 1%TR Resistor, 10k ohm 1/4 watt 1% metal film Mepco SFR25 Resistor, 10k ohm 1/4 watt 1% metal film Mepco SFR25 Resistor, 150 ohm 1/4 watt 1% metal film Mepco SFR25 Resistor, 15k ohm 1/4 watt 1% metal film Mepco SFR25 Resistor, 15k ohm 1/4 watt 1% metal film Mepco SFR25 Resistor, 2.7k ohm 1/4 watt 1% metal film Mepco SFR25 Resistor, 2.7k ohm 1/4 watt 1% metal film Mepco SFR25 Resistor, 330 ohm 1/4 watt 1% metal film Mepco SFR25 Resistor, 4.75K ohm 1/4 watt 1% metal film Mepco SFR25 Resistor, 47k ohm 1/4 watt 1% metal film Mepco SFR25 Resistor, 560 ohm 1/4 watt 1% metal film Mepco SFR25 Resistor, 68 ohm 1/4 watt 5% carbon comp 30BJ250 Resistor, 68 ohm 1/4 watt 5% carbon comp 30BJ250 Capacitor, .1 mf 100v 10% mylar OSG2A104K BULK Capacitor, .1 mf 100v 10% mylar OSG2A104K BULK Capacitor, .1 mf 100v 10% mylar OSG2A104K BULK Capacitor, .01 mf 50v GMV disc Pace F7Z5U1C103ZTR Capacitor, .01 mf 50v GMV disc Pace F7Z5U1C103ZTR Capacitor, .01 mf 50v GMV disc Pace F7Z5U1C103ZTR Capacitor, variable 1.35.4 pf T35 EFJ 1870103005 Capacitor, variable 1.35.4 pf T35 EFJ 1870103005 Capacitor, variable 1.35.4 pf T35 EFJ 1870103005 Capacitor, variable 1,711 pf t65 EFJ 1870106005 Capacitor, uncased mica 12pF 5% FWM602 Capacitor, uncased mica 12pF 5% FWM602 Capacitor, uncased mica 47pF 5% FWM602 Capacitor, 470 pf 50v 10% Y5P disc Pace F6Y5P1C471KJT Capacitor, 1 pf 5% type QC Capacitor, 1 pf 5% type QC Capacitor, 2 pf 5% type QC

22

C12B C19 C21 C1 C12A C22 C14 C5 C7 C15 C8 C10 C16 C18 C23 C25 C30 C34 C38 C3 C26 C33 L5 L6 L3 L4 L1 L2 L13 L10 L8 L9 L12 D1 D2 D3 Q5 Q4 Q1

2550301 255110 255140 255220 255270 255270 255390C 255390C 255470C 255750 256151 268102 268102 268102 268102 268102 268102 268102 268102 268203 270102 299220 350038 350038 350039 350039 350040 350040 350118 350120 350120 350120 350121 412494 412494 414007 420629 424427 4402451

Capacitor, 3 pf 5% NPO disc Pace F5NPO1C3ROCTR Capacitor, 11 pf 5% NPO disc RMC CC110BJIAA25 Capacitor, 14 pf 5% NPO disc RMC CC140BJIAA25 Capacitor, 22 pf 5% NPO disc Pace F5NP01C220JJT Capacitor, 27 pf 5% NPO disc Pace F5NP01C270JTR Capacitor, 27 pf 5% NPO disc Pace F5NP01C270JTR Capacitor, 39pF 5% 200V ceramic dipped C322C390J2G5CA Capacitor, 39pF 5% 200V ceramic dipped C322C390J2G5CA Capacitor, 47pF 5% 200V ceramic dipped C317C470J2G5CA Capacitor, 75 pf 5% NPO disc Pace F6NP01C750JJT (BULK) Capacitor, 150 pf 5% NPO disc Pace F6NP01C151JJT Capacitor, .001 mf 50v disc 20+80% Pace F5Z5U1C102ZJT Capacitor, .001 mf 50v disc 20+80% Pace F5Z5U1C102ZJT Capacitor, .001 mf 50v disc 20+80% Pace F5Z5U1C102ZJT Capacitor, .001 mf 50v disc 20+80% Pace F5Z5U1C102ZJT Capacitor, .001 mf 50v disc 20+80% Pace F5Z5U1C102ZJT Capacitor, .001 mf 50v disc 20+80% Pace F5Z5U1C102ZJT Capacitor, .001 mf 50v disc 20+80% Pace F5Z5U1C102ZJT Capacitor, .001 mf 50v disc 20+80% Pace F5Z5U1C102ZJT Capacitor, .02 mf 50v Z5U disc 14050Z5223M XICON Capacitor,monolithic chip,1000pf 50v 5%KemetC1206C102J5GACTR Capacitor, tantalum, 2.2 mf 25v ECSF1EE225K Panasonic Inductor, 1 1/2 turn brown Coilcraft 14401J12S Inductor, 1 1/2 turn brown Coilcraft 14401J12S Inductor, 2 1/2 turn red Coilcraft 14402J12S Inductor, 2 1/2 turn red Coilcraft 14402J12S Inductor, 6 1/2 turn blue Coilcraft 14406J12S Inductor, 6 1/2 turn blue Coilcraft 14406J12S Inductor, 11/2 turn 14 AWG Buss Wire (CCW) Inductor, 1 1/2 turn 14 AWG Buss Wire (CW) Inductor, 1 1/2 turn 14 AWG Buss Wire (CW) Inductor, 1 1/2 turn 14 AWG Buss Wire (CW) Inductor, 10 turn .15 uH #9003 Diode, Germanium BKC 1N270 Diode, Germanium BKC 1N270 Diode, General Instruments 1N4007 Transistor, Motorola MRF629 Transistor, Motorola 2N4427 or SGS 2N4427 Transistor, Motorola 2N2857

23

Q2 Q3 L11 Q4 J1 J2 P1 PCB

4402451 4402451 513016 520049 550084 550084 550197 800163B

Transistor, Motorola 2N2857 Transistor, Motorola 2N2857 Ferrite Bead, #5659065/4B Heatsink, Thermalloy 2260R red Connector, phono jack Molex 15240503 Connector, phono jack Molex 15240503 Connector, 4 dual pin header (cut from 550316) PC Board, Multiplier RPT2/15/30 STL10 REV9544 PARTS LIST STL POWER SUPPLY

Item 10 PER C01 C02 C03 C04 C05 C06 C07 C08 C09 C10 C10B C11 C11B C12 C13 C14 C15 C16 C17 D1 D2 D3 D4 D5 D6 D7 L1

Marti No. 500148 270102 268102 268102 268102 219153 270103 NOT USED NOT USED NOT USED NOT USED 270102 NOT USED 268102 NOT USED 270102 270102 270102 270102 270102 415401 415401 415401 415401 414007 414007 415401 330019

Description Eyelet, GS312 GM Capacitor,monolithic chip,1000pf 50v 5%KemetC1206C102J5GACTR Capacitor, .001 mf 50v disc 20+80% Pace F5Z5U1C102ZJT Capacitor, .001 mf 50v disc 20+80% Pace F5Z5U1C102ZJT Capacitor, .001 mf 50v disc 20+80% Pace F5Z5U1C102ZJT Capacitor,electrolytic 15000uF 25V 159LBA025M2CG Cap, Monolithic chip 10000pF 10% XR7 Kemet C1206C103J5RACTR

Capacitor,monolithic chip,1000pf 50v 5%KemetC1206C102J5GACTR Capacitor, .001 mf 50v disc 20+80% Pace F5Z5U1C102ZJT Capacitor,monolithic chip,1000pf 50v 5%KemetC1206C102J5GACTR Capacitor,monolithic chip,1000pf 50v 5%KemetC1206C102J5GACTR Capacitor,monolithic chip,1000pf 50v 5%KemetC1206C102J5GACTR Capacitor,monolithic chip,1000pf 50v 5%KemetC1206C102J5GACTR Capacitor,monolithic chip,1000pf 50v 5%KemetC1206C102J5GACTR Diode, Motorola 1N5402 Diode, Motorola 1N5402 Diode, Motorola 1N5402 Diode, Motorola 1N5402 Diode, General Instruments 1N4007 Diode, General Instruments 1N4007 Diode, Motorola 1N5402 Inductor, FairRite #2961666671 STE25C02360BW

24

L2 L3 L4 L5 L6 P1 PCB R1 R2

NOT USED NOT USED NOT USED NOT USED NOT USED 550138 800168B 1452022 101501 Connector, 8 pin Molex header (cut from 550162) PC Board, Power Supply RPT15 STL10 REV9514 Resistor,2K 1% 1/4W Metal Film Potentiometer, 500 ohm cermet Bourns 3309P501

PARTS LIST STL INPUT FILTER BOARD Loc. 2 PER 2 PER C01 C02 C03 C04 C05 C06 C07 C08 C09 C10 C11 C12 C13 C14 C15 C16 J4 JP1 JP1 JP1 JP2 L01 L02 L03 Marti No. 500004 500162 NOT USED NOT USED NOT USED NOT USED NOT USED 270102 270102 270102 270102 270102 270102 270220 270220 270220 270102 270102 550170 550182 550182 550185 550184 NOT USED NOT USED NOT USED Capacitor,monolithic chip,1000pf 50v 5%KemetC1206C102J5GACTR Capacitor,monolithic chip,1000pf 50v 5%KemetC1206C102J5GACTR Capacitor,monolithic chip,1000pf 50v 5%KemetC1206C102J5GACTR Capacitor,monolithic chip,1000pf 50v 5%KemetC1206C102J5GACTR Capacitor,monolithic chip,1000pf 50v 5%KemetC1206C102J5GACTR Capacitor,monolithic chip,1000pf 50v 5%KemetC1206C102J5GACTR Cap, monolithic chip, 22 pf 50v 5% KEMET C1206C220J5GACTR Cap, monolithic chip, 22 pf 50v 5% KEMET C1206C220J5GACTR Cap, monolithic chip, 22 pf 50v 5% KEMET C1206C220J5GACTR Capacitor,monolithic chip,1000pf 50v 5%KemetC1206C102J5GACTR Capacitor,monolithic chip,1000pf 50v 5%KemetC1206C102J5GACTR Connector, DSub 15 pin angle Keltron DNR15PJLSG Open Top Two Circuit Shunt Molex 15381024 Open Top Two Circuit Shunt Molex 15381024 Connector, 5 dual pin header (cut from 550316) Connector, 1 dual pin header (cut from 550316) Description Screw, 440 x 1/4 phillips pan head M/S Nickel Plated Screw, 440 x 7/16 phillips pan head MS zinc plated

25

L04 L05 L06 L07 L08 L09 L10 L11 L12 L13 L14 L15 L16 P1 P2 P3 P4 PCB R1 T1 TB1

NOT USED NOT USED 330019 330018 330018 330018 330019 330018 330018 330018 330018 330018 330018 550123 NOT USED 550136 550186 800193B 1451221 NOT USED 511043B Terminal, 2 point w/brackets Connector, 6 pin Molex header (cut from 550162) Connector, 3 pin Molex header (cut from 550162) PC Board, I/O Filter STL10 R10 REV9433 Resistor, 1.2k ohm 1/4 watt 1% CCF07 1.2K 2% TR Inductor, FairRite #2961666671 STE25C02360BW Inductor, 10 uH 143LQ1051 Inductor, 10 uH 143LQ1051 Inductor, 10 uH 143LQ1051 Inductor, FairRite #2961666671 STE25C02360BW Inductor, 10 uH 143LQ1051 Inductor, 10 uH 143LQ1051 Inductor, 10 uH 143LQ1051 Inductor, 10 uH 143LQ1051 Inductor, 10 uH 143LQ1051 Inductor, 10 uH 143LQ1051 Connector, 10 pin header (cut from 550162)

PARTS LIST STL10 AUDIO BOARD Loc. C01 C02 C03 C04 C05 C06 C07 C08 C09 C10 C11 C12 C13 C14 Marti No. 270102 270102 NOT USED 270102 219221 219220 219220 219220 255100 219221 255102C 215202 256131 219220 Capacitor,monolithic chip,1000pf 50v 5%KemetC1206C102J5GACTR Capacitor, electrolytic 220uF 25V radial NIC UVX1E221MPA1TD Capacitor, electrolytic 22uF radial 25V NIC UVX1E220MDA1TD Capacitor, electrolytic 22uF radial 25V NIC UVX1E220MDA1TD Capacitor, electrolytic 22uF radial 25V NIC UVX1E220MDA1TD Capacitor, 10 pf 5% NPO disc Pace F5NPO1C1OOJTR Capacitor, electrolytic 220uF 25V radial NIC UVX1E221MPA1TD Capacitor,102 K X7R Ceramic Dip C322C102K2R5CA Capacitor, .002 mfd 2.5% 100v polypro Seacor PFWAB20HGNE Capacitor, 130 pf 5% 50V NPO disc Pace F8NP01C131JBulk Capacitor, electrolytic 22uF radial 25V NIC UVX1E220MDA1TD Description Capacitor,monolithic chip,1000pf 50v 5%KemetC1206C102J5GACTR Capacitor,monolithic chip,1000pf 50v 5%KemetC1206C102J5GACTR

26

C15 C16 C17 C18 C19 C20 C21 C22 C23 C24 C25 C26 C27 C28 C29 C30 D1 D2 D3 D4 D5 D6 IC1 IC2 IC3 P1 P2 PCB Q1 R01 R02 R03 R04 R05 R06 R07 R08 R09 R10

215301 215151C 219220 215242 215151C 219220 219220 NOT USED 219220 219220 219220 217103 NOT USED NOT USED NOT USED 299470 412494 NOT USED NOT USED NOT USED NOT USED NOT USED 400072 400072 400072 550123 550125 800194B 423822 145681 145681 145104 1451221 145220 145124 145124 145563 101104 1451221

Capacitor, 300 pf 2.5% 100v polypro Seacor PFWAA300IGTE Capacitor, 150pF 5% 200V ceramic dipped C322C151J2G5CA Capacitor, electrolytic 22uF radial 25V NIC UVX1E220MDA1TD Capacitor, .0024 mfd 2.5% 100v polypro Seacor PFAB240HGUE Capacitor, 150pF 5% 200V ceramic dipped C322C151J2G5CA Capacitor, electrolytic 22uF radial 25V NIC UVX1E220MDA1TD Capacitor, electrolytic 22uF radial 25V NIC UVX1E220MDA1TD Capacitor, electrolytic 22uF radial 25V NIC UVX1E220MDA1TD Capacitor, electrolytic 22uF radial 25V NIC UVX1E220MDA1TD Capacitor, electrolytic 22uF radial 25V NIC UVX1E220MDA1TD Capacitor, .1 mf 100v 10% mylar OSG2A104K BULK

Capacitor, tantalum, 4.7 mf 16v Kemet T350B475K016AS Diode, Germanium BKC 1N270

Integrated Circuit, TI TL072CP Integrated Circuit, TI TL072CP Integrated Circuit, TI TL072CP Connector, 10 pin header (cut from 550162) Connector, 5 pin Molex Header (cut from 550162) PC Board, Audio STL10 REV9440 Transistor, NTE 459 (replaces Natl 2N3822) Resistor, 680 ohm 1/4 watt 1% metal film Mepco SFR25 Resistor, 680 ohm 1/4 watt 1% metal film Mepco SFR25 Resistor, 100k ohm 1/4 watt 1% metal film Mepco SFR25 Resistor, 1.2k ohm 1/4 watt 1% CCF07 1.2K 2% TR Resistor, 22 ohm 1/4 watt 5% metal film Mepco SFR25 Resistor, 120k ohm 1/4 watt 5% carbon comp 30BJ250 Resistor, 120k ohm 1/4 watt 5% carbon comp 30BJ250 Resistor, 56k ohm 1/4 watt 5% carbon film 29SJ250 Potentiometer, 100K ohm cermet Bourns 3309P104 Resistor, 1.2k ohm 1/4 watt 1% CCF07 1.2K 2% TR

27

R11 R12 R13 R14 R15 R16 R17 R18 R19 R20 R21 R22 R23 R24 R25 R26 R27 R28 R29 R30 R31 R32 R33 R34 R35 R36 R37 R38 R39 R40 R41 R42 R43 R44 R45 R46 R47 R48

145223 145223 1456831 145102 101502 145223 145473 145473 145223 1451831 1451831 1459121 145102 101104 145104 145104 145104 NOT USED NOT USED 145104 145104 145104 145104 145223 145223 145222 145152 145472 145103 145472 145103 145030 145223 145103 145103 NOT USED NOT USED NOT USED

Resistor, 22.1k ohm 1/4 watt 1% metal film Mepco SFR25 Resistor, 22.1k ohm 1/4 watt 1% metal film Mepco SFR25 Resistor, 68k ohm 1/4 watt 2% RL07S683G Resistor, 1k ohm 1/4 watt 1% metal film Mepco SFR55 1K 1%TR Potentiometer, 5k ohm cermet Bourns 3309P1502 Resistor, 22.1k ohm 1/4 watt 1% metal film Mepco SFR25 Resistor, 47k ohm 1/4 watt 1% metal film Mepco SFR25 Resistor, 47k ohm 1/4 watt 1% metal film Mepco SFR25 Resistor, 22.1k ohm 1/4 watt 1% metal film Mepco SFR25 Resistor, 18k ohm 1/4 watt 1% RL07S183G Resistor, 18k ohm 1/4 watt 1% RL07S183G Resistor, 9.1k ohm 1/4 watt 2% RL07S912G Resistor, 1k ohm 1/4 watt 1% metal film Mepco SFR55 1K 1%TR Potentiometer, 100K ohm cermet Bourns 3309P104 Resistor, 100k ohm 1/4 watt 1% metal film Mepco SFR25 Resistor, 100k ohm 1/4 watt 1% metal film Mepco SFR25 Resistor, 100k ohm 1/4 watt 1% metal film Mepco SFR25

Resistor, 100k ohm 1/4 watt 1% metal film Mepco SFR25 Resistor, 100k ohm 1/4 watt 1% metal film Mepco SFR25 Resistor, 100k ohm 1/4 watt 1% metal film Mepco SFR25 Resistor, 100k ohm 1/4 watt 1% metal film Mepco SFR25 Resistor, 22.1k ohm 1/4 watt 1% metal film Mepco SFR25 Resistor, 22.1k ohm 1/4 watt 1% metal film Mepco SFR25 Resistor, 2.21K ohm 1/4 watt 1% metal film Mepco SFR25 Resistor, 1.5k ohm 1/4 ohm 1% metal film Mepco SFR25 Resistor, 4.7k ohm 1/4 watt 1% metal film Mepco SFR25 Resistor, 10k ohm 1/4 watt 1% metal film Mepco SFR25 Resistor, 4.7k ohm 1/4 watt 1% metal film Mepco SFR25 Resistor, 10k ohm 1/4 watt 1% metal film Mepco SFR25 Resistor, 3.3 ohm 1/4 watt 1% metal film Mepco SFR25 Resistor, 22.1k ohm 1/4 watt 1% metal film Mepco SFR25 Resistor, 10k ohm 1/4 watt 1% metal film Mepco SFR25 Resistor, 10k ohm 1/4 watt 1% metal film Mepco SFR25

28

S1 S2

530053 530053

Switch, slide Alco SLSA2201 Switch, slide Alco SLSA2201

PARTS LIST STL10/10A/30 450/950 MODULATOR Item 1 PER C01 C02 C03 C04 C05 C06 C07 C08 C09 C10 C11 C12 C13 C14 C15 D1 D2 IC1 L1 L2 L3 M1 P1 Marti No. 520041 NOT USED 299470 NOT USED 299470 217103 255390C 217103 255271C 255161 NOT USED 255270 219220 256680C 256680C 255050 410914 410150 8001601 A 350044 350037 330007 8001601 A 550125 Capacitor, 27 pf 5% NPO disc Pace F5NP01C270JTR Capacitor, electrolytic 22uF radial 25V NIC UVX1E220MDA1TD Capacitor, 68pF 5% 200V ceramic dipped C317C680J2G5CA Capacitor, 68pF 5% 200V ceramic dipped C317C680J2G5CA Capacitor, 5 pf 5% NPO disc Pace F5NPO1C5ROJJT Diode, 1N4148 Philips Diode, zener Motorola 1N4744A 15v 1 watt XMitter Freq. Control Module Inductor, 1.0 2 uH w/shield can #47271022 Inductor, 13 1/2 turn orange Coilcraft 14313J12S Inductor, 1 uH Delevan #184010 XMitter Freq. Control Module Connector, 5 pin Molex Header (cut from 550162) Diode, Motorola HyperAbrupt Tuning SMV1732 Capacitor, tantalum, 4.7 mf 16v Kemet T350B475K016AS Capacitor, .1 mf 100v 10% mylar OSG2A104K BULK Capacitor, 39pF 5% 200V ceramic dipped C322C390J2G5CA Capacitor, .1 mf 100v 10% mylar OSG2A104K BULK Capacitor, 270pF 5% 200V ceramic dipped C322C271H2G5CA Capacitor, 160 pf 300v 5% silver mica CD10FD161J03 Capacitor, tantalum, 4.7 mf 16v Kemet T350B475K016AS Description Clip, transistor, Atlee 10020012 cad plated

PART OF 411404 800160 1A PCB Q1 Q2 Q3 800195B 8001601 A 420090 4402451

PC Board, Modulator STL10 REV A XMitter Freq. Control Module Transistor, Philips BFY90 Transistor, Motorola 2N2857

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R01 R02 R03 R04 R05 R06 R07 R08 R09 R10 R11 R12 R13 R14 R15 R16 R17 TP1 Y1

1452411 1451221 145272 1452411 145272 101104 104502 145472 145473 145473 101104 145030 145103 145272 145102 145683 145103 511038 520040

Resistor, 240 ohm 1/4 watt 1% RL07S241G Resistor, 1.2k ohm 1/4 watt 1% CCF07 1.2K 2% TR Resistor, 2.7k ohm 1/4 watt 1% metal film Mepco SFR25 Resistor, 240 ohm 1/4 watt 1% RL07S241G Resistor, 2.7k ohm 1/4 watt 1% metal film Mepco SFR25 Potentiometer, 100K ohm cermet Bourns 3309P104 Potentiometer, 5K ohm cermet Spectrol 64Y502 top adjust Resistor, 4.7k ohm 1/4 watt 1% metal film Mepco SFR25 Resistor, 47k ohm 1/4 watt 1% metal film Mepco SFR25 Resistor, 47k ohm 1/4 watt 1% metal film Mepco SFR25 Potentiometer, 100K ohm cermet Bourns 3309P104 Resistor, 3.3 ohm 1/4 watt 1% metal film Mepco SFR25 Resistor, 10k ohm 1/4 watt 1% metal film Mepco SFR25 Resistor, 2.7k ohm 1/4 watt 1% metal film Mepco SFR25 Resistor, 1k ohm 1/4 watt 1% metal film Mepco SFR55 1K 1%TR Resistor, 68k ohm 1/4 watt 5% metal film Mepco SFR25 Resistor, 10k ohm 1/4 watt 1% metal film Mepco SFR25 Terminal, Keystone 1238 Crystal socket, CS10907

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PARTS LIST CONTROLLER BOARD Item R5 C3 C5 S1 P1 PCB C1 C2 C4 Q1 R1 R2 R3 R4 C7 C6 C8 C9 D01 Marti No. 145471 268102 268102 530008 550175 800197B NOT USED NOT USED NOT USED NOT USED NOT USED NOT USED NOT USED NOT USED NOT USED NOT USED NOT USED NOT USED 410155 LED, Red rectangular #604L113HDT Description Resistor, 470 ohm 1/4 watt 1% metal film Mepco SFR25 Capacitor, .001 mf 50v disc 20+80% Pace F5Z5U1C102ZJT Capacitor, .001 mf 50v disc 20+80% Pace F5Z5U1C102ZJT Switch, toggle SPDT C&K 7101MYZQ or Apem #5636AB16 Connector, 5 pin Molex angle header (cut from 550163) PC Board, Control STL10 REV 9434

PARTS LIST FEED THRU BOARD STL10/950 PCB C1 C2 C3 C4 C5 C6 C7 C8 C9 C10 P2 / P4 P3 / P5 800268B 270102 270102 270102 270102 270102 270102 270102 270102 270102 270102 550156 550156 PC Board, Feedthru STL10 NO REV Capacitor,monolithic chip,1000pf 50v 5%KemetC1206C102J5GACTR Capacitor,monolithic chip,1000pf 50v 5%KemetC1206C102J5GACTR Capacitor,monolithic chip,1000pf 50v 5%KemetC1206C102J5GACTR Capacitor,monolithic chip,1000pf 50v 5%KemetC1206C102J5GACTR Capacitor,monolithic chip,1000pf 50v 5%KemetC1206C102J5GACTR Capacitor,monolithic chip,1000pf 50v 5%KemetC1206C102J5GACTR Capacitor,monolithic chip,1000pf 50v 5%KemetC1206C102J5GACTR Capacitor,monolithic chip,1000pf 50v 5%KemetC1206C102J5GACTR Capacitor,monolithic chip,1000pf 50v 5%KemetC1206C102J5GACTR Capacitor,monolithic chip,1000pf 50v 5%KemetC1206C102J5GACTR Connector, 10 pin Molex header 26484102 Connector, 10 pin Molex header 26484102

31

PARTS LIST STL METER BOARD Loc. M1 R05 R08 R09 R10 R07 R06 D3 D4 D2 D1 2 PER 4 PER 2 PER B1 B2 4 PER 2 PER S1 P2 P1 P3 P3 PCB R1 R2 R3 R4 Marti No. 030043M 101502 103502 103502 103502 145431 145473 410113 410113 410255 414007 500004 500055 500133 510196 510196 513022 513033 530059 550149 550176 550208 800280A 800290B NOT USED NOT USED NOT USED NOT USED Description Meter, HS13 VU/Watt (black) Potentiometer, 5k ohm cermet Bourns 3309P1502 Potentiometer, 5k ohm cermet Bourns 3309W1502 Potentiometer, 5k ohm cermet Bourns 3309W1502 Potentiometer, 5k ohm cermet Bourns 3309W1502 Resistor, 432 ohm 1/4 watt 1% metal film Mepco SFR25 Resistor, 47k ohm 1/4 watt 1% metal film Mepco SFR25 LED, Yellow rectangular Lumex#SSLLX2573YD LED, Yellow rectangular Lumex#SSLLX2573YD LED, Green rectangular Lumex#SSLLX2573GD Diode, General Instruments 1N4007 Screw, 440 x 1/4 phillips pan head M/S Nickel Plated Lockwasher, #4 internal tooth small pattern zinc plated Screw, 440 x 5/8 binding head nickel plated Subminiature Lamp, Lumex IFLLX216216T Subminiature Lamp, Lumex IFLLX216216T Spacer, 440 x 3/8 hex threaded Keystone 1450B Spacer, 440 x 13/16 hex threaded Concord 535841302 Switch, rotary 10WA135 Connector, 6 pin Molex angle header (cut from 550163) Connector, 8 pin Molex angle header (cut from 550163) Connector, 3 pin single row header (cut from 550207) STL10/15 LED Array Board PC Board, Meter STL15C REV9504

32

STL10A SCHEMATICS

33