# 5/11/12

Related pages on Antennas , radiation and fields , mobile and short verticals My 2004 Dayton Hamvention Power Point presentation on Small Verticals can be downloaded here... DAYTON 2004. When dealing with small antennas, the main points to remember are:

There is no magic bullet or magic cure to make a small antenna act like a large one. It all comes down to current distribution over linear spatial distance. Small antennas require extraordinary care to obtain high efficiency.
How do we make a small antenna as efficient as possible? We make current as uniform as possible over the length of the antenna by using as much capacitance as possible at the antenna ends. We use low-loss loading such as optimum form factor (size, length, and diameter) loading coils. We make the antenna as large and as straight in a line as possible. We don't fold, bend, zigzag, or curve the antenna...... especially in the high current areas! We keep the high voltage points (the open ends) away from lossy things (such as lossy earth or wet foliage). We keep the high current areas away from other large lossy conductors. The steps outlined above maximize radiation resistance and minimize loss. Let's look at the interaction between radiation resistance and loss resistance.

Radiation resistance is both the most useful and the least useful antenna-related term. Radiation resistance can easily be misused and rendered useless because radiation resistance has multiple meanings. When a term has several nebulous meanings or uses, it is only natural that misuse or mixing of terms appear. The lack of a firm single well-accepted definition allows the term to slip from one definition into another, often resulting in a wellintentioned but totally erroneous conclusion from a logical progression that seems to quite accurate!

Common Uses
There are two commonly used "correct" meanings of radiation resistance and one totally incorrect use. The "correct" uses are: 1. The resistive part of an antenna's feedpoint impedance that is created solely by radiation from the antenna