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Dear bhagavatas, In an attempt to give our treasure gItA to children, first I give below an introduction.

Slowly, with the grace of Ramanuja I plan to write the meaning of each sloka as per visishtAdvaita philosophy. Kindly make your children read this. It may be below your standard which is wantedly kept so. Pls encourage your children to ask questions in this forum. After clearing all those only we would go to the next sloka. Let them ask till they are clear. You can also help them in asking their doubts. Srimad Bhagavad Gita BACKGROUND: One of the most important treasures of India, Srimad Bhagavad Geeta, is a part of sri Mahabharata. Vedas are the source of true and in depth knowledge for human race. Vedas are of two parts: Poorva Kaanda and Uttara Kaanda. Poorva Kaanda deals with the Karma (rituals) and Uttara Kaanda (Upanishads or vedanta) deals with the knowledge on Brahman. Vedas are eternal. Since they are very difficult to be understood, the Maharishis helped us by supplementing it with Smritis, Itihasas and Puranas Birth of Geetha: In Kurukshethra, the battle field, the Kauravas (Duryodhana and Brothers) and the Pandavas (Yudishtra and brothers) were on both sides to start the battle. Krishna, the cowherd incarnation of Sriman Narayana, was the charioteer of Arjuna. Krishna started preaching Geetha to Arjuna to clear his doubts just before the war. This was in Dwaparayuga, the third of the four yugas. We are now in Kaliyuga, the fourth yuga. It is now 5100 years since the beginning of Kali yuga. When Krishna ascended "sarvOpanishadO gAva: dOgdhA gOpAla nandana: ! pArthO vatsa: sudhIrbhOkta dugdham gItAmrutam mahat!!" "All the upanishads took the form of a cow, the cowherd knowing the art of milking was Krishna himself, Arjuna represents the calf, without which a cow will not give us milk. We - the knowledge mongers are the one to enjoy the milk, and finally the elixir like milk is - gIta. "GIta is a discussion between Arjuna and Krishna. This discussion is repeated as a running commentary by Sanjaya to Drtarashtra. This discussion is an integral part of Mahabharata which itself is a discussion between janamEjaya and vaisampAyana. Need of Geetha: Arjuna, just before the war, found all his relatives, gurus and friends on the opposite side. It is by killing them that he has to regain his lost kingdom. Arjuna being a satvik, with pious qualities, did not like that. He thought, to kill them is a sin. So he laid down his bow and arrow, refusing to fight. He asked Krishna to advise him of what is good to him. Krishna, the well wisher of this whole universe, took pity on the confused and grief filled Arjuna. He unveiled Geetha and directed arjuna to do his duty - fight. Gist of Geetha: Yamunacharya's (Alavandar) famous "gItArtha Sangraham" gives the gist of gIta in one verse.

"svadharma gnAna vairAgya sAdhya bhakthi eka gocara: ! nArayana: param brahma gItA sAstrE samIrita: !!" One who performs his prescribed duty, with full knowledge of himself and his master, without desire in worldly pleasures, reaches the stage to practice Bhakthi yoga. By Bhakthi yoga one can please Narayana and reach Him. So it is our objective (to reach and serve our master) and means to achieve it (Bhakthi yoga) that is explained in gItA. Narayana, the supreme Lord, (whom we have to reach) His nature and qualities are iterated in gIta. gItA is divided into three hexads (shatkam). The first six chapters deals with Karma and gnAna yoga which are required for realising the jIvAtma. After realising the jIvatma, one goes to realise his master paramAtma. Once he knows the greatness of Paramatma, he wants to reach him. The second six chapters deals with the unparalleled mastery of Krishna and Bhakthi yoga, which is to be practiced to reach Lord krishna. The last six again explains about, atma, paramatma and three yogas. (to continue later)