DESIGN-IV: MACHINERY BASIC DESIGN TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION OF DOMESTIC FW AND SW SUPPLY SYSTEM

ATTACHMENT NO. NUMBER OF PAGES DOCUMENT NO.

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02 8

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DOC. NO. 20 - 42 09 050 - DS

I Gusti N. Dirgantara
REV. DATE DESCRIPTION PREPARED BY

Ir. Dwi Priyanta, MSE.
CHECKED BY

Ir. Hari Prastowo, MSc.
APPROVED BY

DESIGN-IV: MACHINERY BASIC DESIGN

TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION OF DOMESTIC FW AND SW SUPPLY SYSTEM

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DESIGN IV 20 - 42 09 050 - DS 0 Table of Contents

TABLE OF CONTENTS
PHILOSOPHY 1. INTRODUCTION ............................................ 1.1 Description . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1.2 Purpose . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2. REFERENCES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3. ABBREVIATIONS ............................................ 4. DESIGN PARAMETER ......................................... 4.1 Principal Dimension . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5. DESIGN REQUIREMENT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5.1 FRESH WATER SYSTEM 5.2 HYDROPHORE TANK VOLUME 5.3 SANITARY SYSTEM FROM SEA WATER PUMP 6. SUMMARY . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ATTACHMENT NO. 01 - CALCULATION 1. FRESH WATER SYSTEM ....... ..................... 2. HYDROPHORE TA. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3. SANITARY SYSTEM FROM SEA WATER PUMP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ATTACHMENT NO. 02 - HYDROPHORE AND PUMP SPECIFICATION 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 2 3 4

1 2 3

TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION OF DOMESTIC FW AND SW SUPPLY SYSTEM

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1. INTRODUCTION 1.1 Description The needed of hydrophore, will be use in this document. We need to calculated the tank volume of hydrophore, that the hydrophore function is to delivered fresh water with any pressure applied according to the requirement given. The recalculating about the freshwater consumption in ship will be find in this document. And for the last is to find the specification of pump that will be used as sanitary system that will be has a relation with the next document. 1.2 Objective This document purpose is to determine the technical specification of domestic fresh water and sea water supply system. 2. REFERENCES a. Germanischer Lloyd Rules and Guidelines 2011 b. Engine Selection Guide - Two Stroke MC/MC-C Engines, 6th Edition: January 2002, MAN B&W c. Ship Outfittings, pages 284 d. Ship Design and Ship Teory 3. ABBREVIATION Z = The number of crew R = Distance Vs = Service speed T = Endurance voyage Vh = Hydrophore tank volume Vo = The residual fluid in tank, will be taken 2% D = Average of water consumption Pm = Maximum pressure in tank Po = Minimum pressure in tank Pi = Pressure over the pipe Pz = Pressure in nozzle Rn = Reynold number n = viscocity hs = head static hp = head pressure hv = head velocity hf = head friction hl = head losses H = head total 4. DESIGN PARAMETER 4.1 Principal Dimension 1. Lpp = = 2. B = 3. T = 4. H = 5. LWL 6. Vs 7. Distance 8. Time of Voyage

123 20.2 8.8 11.5 127.92

m m m m m knot Nm days

= 14.5 = 1200 = 4

= = =

26.8308 km/hours 2222.4 km 96 hours

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TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION OF DOMESTIC FW AND SW SUPPLY SYSTEM
5. DESIGN REQUIREMENT 5.1 FRESH WATER SYSTEM The consumption for a data such as; The number of crew (Z Distance (R) Service speed (Vs) Endurance voyage (T)

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person per day refered to "Ship Design and Ship Theory" and needed the = = = = 12 1200 14.5 4 persons Nm knots days

a. Logistic Take 20 kg/person/day (C fwd) and estimated for two trips. - Sailing Condition = Z x T x C fwd . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (1) Wfwd (sailing) - At Port Condition Estimated will take two days in port. = Z x T x C fwd . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (2) Wfwd (port) Wfwd total = Wfwd (sailing) + Wfwd (port) b. Bath and Wash Take 200 kg/person/day (Cfww) estimated for two trips - Sailing Condition = Z x T x C fww . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (3) Wfww (sailing) - At Port Condition Estimated will take two days in port. = Z x T x C fww . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (4) Wfww (port) Wfww total = Wfww (sailing) + Wfww (port) c. Cooking Take 4 kg/person/day (Cfwc) estimated for two trips - Sailing Condition = Z x T x C fwc . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (5) Wfwc (sailing) - At Port Condition Estimated will take two days in port. = Z x T x C fwc . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (6) Wfwc (port) Wfww total = Wfww (sailing) + Wfww (port) d. Machinery needs 1. main engine fresh water needs estimation = 7 gr/kWh 2. auxiliary engine fresh water needs estimation = 0.2 from main engine's fresh water = 0.85 ton Total fresh water machinery (Wfwm) = fw main engine + fw auxiliary engine And for the total fresh water needed : Wtotal = Wfwd + Wfww + Wfwc + Wfwm

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (7)

5.2 HYDROPHORE TANK VOLUME According to the Ship Outfittings pages 284: Vh = Vo + (D x Pm ) / ( 6 x ( Pm - Po ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .(8) Where, Vh = Hydrophore tank volume

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TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION OF DOMESTIC FW AND SW SUPPLY SYSTEM
Vo D Pm Po = = = = The residual fluid in tank, will be taken 2% Average of water consumption Maximum pressure in tank Minimum pressure in tank

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5.3 SANITARY SYSTEM FROM SEA WATER PUMP The number of seawater pump is 1 unit with capacity 5 m3/h = 0.0014 m3/s Head Pump i. Head Static (Hs) height at z=0 to higer the discharge = 2 m height at z=0 to the lower suction = 0 m Therefore, the value of Hs will be determined below: ii. Head Pressure (Hp) Hp = 1 bar = 10.078 m iii. Head Velocity (Hv) Hv = 0 m (the velocity in the suction and discharge has the same value) iv. Head Losses (Hl) iv.1 Suction n = kinematic viscocity 2 (1.1 cSt at 500C) n = 0.000001 m /s dH = Inside diameter = 0.05 m (estimated 50 mm) v = fluid velocity = 0.708 m/s Reynold number (Rn) according to formula below: Rn = (v*dH)/n . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (9) for the friction losses (f) = 0.02+0.0005/D The length of pipe in suction is 15.8 m
2 major losses (hf1) = f x L x v / (D x 2g) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (10) minnor losses (hl1) = k total*v2/(2g) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (11) iv.2 Discharge n = kinematic viscocity 2 (1.1 cSt at 500C) n = 0.000001 m /s dH = Inside diameter = 0.05 m v = fluid velocity = 0.708 m/s Reynold number (Rn) according to formula below: Rn = (v*dH)/n . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (12) for the friction losses (f) = 0.02+0.0005/D The length of pipe in discharge is 34.3 m 2 major losses (hf2) = f x L x v / (D x 2g) minnor losses (hl2) = k total*v2/(2g) Total Head Hs+Hp+Hv+Hl

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (13)

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TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION OF DOMESTIC FW AND SW SUPPLY SYSTEM
The pressure over the pipe Pi = ρ air tawar x Htotal The pressure on the nozzle Pz = 1 atm

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. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (14)

kg/cm2 = 1.033 Therefore, the maximum to be revised for the hydrophore tank is: Po = Pi+Pz 6. SUMMARY NO 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 CALCULATION Weight FW logistic Weight FW bath and wash Weight FW cooking Weight FW machinery needs Total Weight of Fresh Water Hydrophore tank volume Head Total SYMBOL Wfwd Wfww Wfwc Wfwm Wfw tot Vh H Pi Pz Po RESULT 2.40 24.00 0.10 5.10 31.98 0.69 13.38 1.37 1.03 2.40 tonnes tonnes tonnes tonnes tonnes tonnes tonnes kg/cm2 kg/cm2 tonnes

8 Pressure over the pipe 9 Pressure in nozzle 10 Maximum Pressure

The hydrophore specification that will be used: Model = UH 051 SHINKO Capacity Head Operating pressure range Speed pump Power m3/h = 5 ~ 15 = 40 ~ 60 m = 3 ~ 5.5 = 3600 = 2.2 kg/m2 RPM kW

For the pump selection, Merk = SHINKO PUMP Type = AHJ 50-2 Head = 15 m Capacity Power RPM Frequency = = = = m3/h 5 2.2 kW 3600 RPM 50 Hz

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DESIGN-IV: MACHINERY BASIC DESIGN

ATTACHMENT NO. 01 - CALCULATION TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION OF DOMESTIC FW AND SW SUPPLY SYSTEM

TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION OF DOMESTIC FW AND SW SUPPLY SYSTEM

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DESIGN IV 20 - 42 09 050 - DS 0 Attachment No. 01

1. FRESH WATER SYSTEM The consumption for a person per day refered to "Ship Design and Ship Theory" and needed the data such as; The number of crew (Z) = 12 persons Distance (R) = 1200 Nm Service speed (Vs) = 14.5 knots Endurance voyage (T) = 4 days a. Logistic Take 20 kg/person/day (C fwd) and estimated for two trips. - Sailing Condition Wfwd (sailing) = Z x T x C fwd . . . . . . . . . . . . = 12*2*4*20 = 1920 kg = 1.92 tonnes - At Port Condition Estimated will take two days in port. Wfwd (port) = Z x T x C fwd . . . . . . . . . . . . = 12*2*20 = 480 kg = 0.48 tonnes Wfwd total = Wfwd (sailing) + Wfwd (port) = 2.4 tonnes b. Bath and Wash Take 200 kg/person/day (Cfww) estimated for two trips - Sailing Condition = Z x T x C fww . . . . . . . . . . . . Wfww (sailing) = 12*2*4*200 = 19200 kg = 19.2 tonnes - At Port Condition Estimated will take two days in port. = Z x T x C fww . . . . . . . . . . . . Wfww (port) = 12*2*200 = 4800 kg = 4.8 tonnes Wfww total = Wfww (sailing) + Wfww (port) = 24 tonnes c. Cooking Take 4 kg/person/day (Cfwc) estimated for two trips - Sailing Condition = Z x T x C fwc . . . . . . . . . . . . Wfwc (sailing) = 12*2*4*4 = 384 kg = 0.384 tonnes - At Port Condition Estimated will take two days in port. = Z x T x C fwc . . . . . . . . . . . . Wfwc (port) = 12*2*4

. . . . . . . . . . . . . (1)

. . . . . . . . . . . . . (2)

. . . . . . . . . . . . . (3)

. . . . . . . . . . . . . (4)

. . . . . . . . . . . . . (5)

. . . . . . . . . . . . . (6)

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TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION OF DOMESTIC FW AND SW SUPPLY SYSTEM
= 96 kg = 0.096 tonnes = Wfww (sailing) + Wfww (port) = 0.48 tonnes

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Wfww total

d. Machinery needs 1. main engine fresh water needs estimation fresh water total (1trip)

= 7 gr/kWh = 7 gr/kWh*6320 kW*96 hours = 4247040 gram = 4.24704 ton = = = = = = 0.2 from main engine's fresh water 0.2*4.247 ton 0.85 fw main engine + fw auxiliary engine 4.247 + 0.85 ton 5.097

2. auxiliary engine fresh water needs estimation fresh water total (1trip) Total fresh water machinery (Wfwm)

And for the total fresh water needed : Wtotal = Wfwd + Wfww + Wfwc + Wfwm = 31.977 tonnes Volume = 32 m3 = 0.167 Average of water consumption

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (7)

m3/h

2. HYDROPHORE TANK VOLUME According to the Ship Outfittings pages 284: Vh = Vo + (D x Pm ) / ( 6 x ( Pm - Po ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (8) Where, Vh = Hydrophore tank volume Vo = The residual fluid in tank, will be taken 2% D Pm Po m3 = 0.640 = Average of water consumption m3/h = 0.167 = Maximum pressure in tank kg/m2 = 5.5 = Minimum pressure in tank
2

kg/m = 2.403 For the result, Vh = Vo + (D x Pm ) / ( 6 x ( Pm - Po ) = 0.640+(0.167*5.5)/(6*(5.5-2.403)) m3 = 0.689 The hydrophore specification that will be used: Model = UH 051 SHINKO Capacity Head Operating pressure range Speed pump Power m3/h = 5 ~ 15 = 40 ~ 60 m = 3 ~ 5.5 = 3600 = 2.2 kg/m2 RPM kW

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TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION OF DOMESTIC FW AND SW SUPPLY SYSTEM
3. SANITARY SYSTEM FROM SEA WATER PUMP

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DESIGN IV 20 - 42 09 050 - DS 0 Attachment No. 01

The number of seawater pump is 1 unit with capacity 5 m3/h = 0.0014 m3/s Head Pump i. Head Static (Hs) height at z=0 to higer the discharge = 2 m height at z=0 to the lower suction = 0 m Therefore, the value of Hs will be determined below: Hs = 2+0 = 2 m ii. Head Pressure (Hp) Hp = 1 bar = 10.078 m iii. Head Velocity (Hv) Hv = 0 m (the velocity in the suction and discharge has the same value) iv. Head Losses (Hl) iv.1 Suction n = kinematic viscocity
2 (1.1 cSt at 500C) = 0.000001 m /s = Inside diameter = 0.05 m (estimated 50 mm) v = fluid velocity = 0.708 m/s Reynold number (Rn) according to formula below: Rn = (v*dH)/n . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (9) = (0.708*0.05)/0.000001 = 35400 (turbulen) for the friction losses (f) = 0.02+0.0005/D = 0.03 The length of pipe in suction is 15.8 m

n dH

major losses (hf1)

2 = f x L x v / (D x 2g) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (10) = 0.03*15.8*0.708^2/(0.05*2*9.8) = 0.24245 m

minor losses (hl1) No Types 1 2 3 4 5 6 Elbow 90 T-joint Gate valve Buttterfly valve SDNRV Strainer
0

n 3 2 1 1 1 2

k

nxk

minnor losses (hl1)

0.57 1.71 1.14 2.28 0.15 0.15 0.86 0.86 1.23 1.23 1.5 3 total 9.23 = k total*v2/(2g) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (11) = 9.23*(0.708^2)/(2*9.8) = 0.236 m

iv.2 Discharge n = kinematic viscocity n =
2 0.000001 m /s

(1.1 cSt at 500C)

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TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION OF DOMESTIC FW AND SW SUPPLY SYSTEM
dH

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= Inside diameter = 0.05 m v = fluid velocity = 0.708 m/s Reynold number (Rn) according to formula below: Rn = (v*dH)/n . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (12) = (0.708*0.05)/0.000001 = 35400 (turbulen) for the friction losses (f) = 0.02+0.0005/D = 0.03 The length of pipe in discharge is 34.3 m major losses (hf2)
2 = f x L x v / (D x 2g) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (13) = 0.03*34.3*0.708^2/(0.05*2*9.8) = 0.52633 m

minor losses (hl2) No Types 1 2 3 4 5 6 Elbow 90 T-joint Gate valve Buttterfly valve SDNRV Strainer
0

n 2 6 6 1 1 0

k

nxk

1.14 0.57 6.84 1.14 0.9 0.15 0.86 0.86 1.23 1.23 0 1.5 10.97 total minnor losses (hl2) = k total*v2/(2g) = 10.97*(0.708^2)/(2*9.8) = 0.281 m Therefore, the total head losses can be calculate: hf1+hl1+hf2+hl2 = 0.24245+0.236+0.52633+0.281 = 1.3 m Total Head = 2+10.078+0+1.3 Hs+Hp+Hv+Hl = 13.378 m The pressure over the pipe Pi = ρ air tawar x Htotal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (14) = 1025*13.378
2 = 13712.5 kg/m = 1.37 The pressure on the nozzle Pz = 1 atm

kg/cm2 = 1.033 Therefore, the maximum to be revised for the hydrophore tank is: Po = Pi+Pz = 1.37+1.033 = 2.403 kg/cm2

For the pump selection, Merk = SHINKO PUMP

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TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION OF DOMESTIC FW AND SW SUPPLY SYSTEM
Type Head Capacity Power RPM Frequency = = = = = = AHJ 50-2 15 m m3/h 5 2.2 kW 3600 RPM 50 Hz

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DESIGN-IV: MACHINERY BASIC DESIGN

ATTACHMENT NO. 02 - HYDROPHORE AND PUMP SPECIFICATION TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION OF DOMESTIC FW AND SW SUPPLY SYSTEM

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