Bruce Lee

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to:navigation, search

Bruce Lee

Bruce Lee Chinese name Chinese name Pinyin Jyutping Birth name

李小龍 (Traditional) 李小龙 (Simplified)
Lǐ Xiǎolóng (Mandarin) lei5 siu2 lung4 (Cantonese) Lee Jun Fan

李振藩 (Traditional) 李振藩 (Simplified)
Lǐ Zhènfān (Mandarin)

lei5 zan3 faan4 (Cantonese) Ancestry Origin Shunde, Guangdong, China Hong Kong 27 November 1940 San Francisco, California, USA 20 July 1973 (aged 32) Hong Kong Seattle, Washington, USA Lakeview Cemetery Actor, martial artist, philosopher, action Occupation director, film director, screenwriter, martial arts founder Years active Spouse(s) 1941–1973 Linda Emery (born 1945) (1964-1973) Brandon Lee (1965–1993) Shannon Lee (born 1969) Lee Hoi-chuen (1901-1965) Grace Ho Jackie Chan Sammo Hung Influenced Jet Li Donnie Yen Stephen Chow Official Website Bruce Lee Foundation



Resting place



Without proper rendering support. Part of the series on Chinese martial arts List of Chinese martial arts Terms • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Kung fu (功夫) Wushu (武術) Historical places Shaolin Monastery (少林寺) Wudang Mountains (武當山) Mount Emei (峨嵋山) Kunlun Mountains (崑崙山) Historical people Five Elders (五祖) Yim Wing-chun / Yan Yongchun (嚴詠春) Hung Hei-gun / Hong Xiguan (洪熙官) Dong Haichuan (董海川) Yang Luchan (楊露禪) Wu Quanyou (吳全佑) Chen Fake (陈发科) Chan Heung / Chen Xiang (陳享) .The Official Website of Bruce Lee [show]Awards This article contains Chinese text. boxes. or other symbols instead of Chinese characters. you may see question marks.

martial artist. Lee emigrated to the USA to claim his US Citizenship[3] and receive his higher education. Warner Brothers' Enter the Dragon (1973). and The Game of Death (1978). and a cultural icon. philosopher. directed and written by Bruce Lee. Upon reaching the age of 18. It was during this time he began teaching martial arts.[5] Contents [hide] . He is considered one of the most influential martial artists of the 20th century. which soon led to film and television roles.[2] Lee was born in San Francisco. born Lee Jun Fan (Chinese: 李振藩. California to parents of Hong Kong heritage but raised in Hong Kong until his late teens. film producer. directed by Robert Clouse. favoring instead to utilize useful techniques from various sources in the spirit of his personal martial arts philosophy he dubbed Jeet Kune Do (The Way of the Intercepting Fist). His Hong Kong and Hollywood-produced films elevated the traditional Hong Kong martial arts film to a new level of popularity and acclaim. as he portrayed Chinese nationalism through his films. and sparked a major surge of interest in Chinese martial arts in the West in the 1970s. pinyin: Lǐ Xiăolóng. screenwriter. Lo Wei's The Big Boss (1971) and Fist of Fury (1972). Lee became an iconic figure known throughout the world and remains very popular among Asian people and in particular among the Chinese. [4] While Lee initially trained in Wing Chun. 27 November 1940 – 20 July 1973) was an actor.• • • • • • • • • • Wong Fei-hung / Huang Feihong (黃飛鴻) Huo Yuanjia (霍元甲) Yip Man / Ye Wen (葉問) Bruce Lee / Li Xiaolong (李小龍) Legendary figures Eight immortals (八仙) Bodhidharma / Putidamo / Damo (菩提達摩) Zhang Sanfeng (張三丰) Related Hong Kong action cinema Wushu (sport) Wuxia (武俠) This box: view • talk • edit Bruce Lee (Chinese: 李小龍. and founder of the Jeet Kune Do concept. Way of the Dragon (1972). pinyin: Lǐ Zhènfān). he later rejected well-defined martial art styles. The direction and tone of his films changed and influenced martial arts and martial arts films in Hong Kong and the rest of the world as well. He is noted for his roles in five feature-length films. film director.

1 Physical fitness o 5.2 Nutrition o 5. Lee and his parents returned to Hong Kong when he was three months old.2 Hong Kong legacy 9 Awards and honors 10 Recognition 11 Martial arts lineage 12 Media o 12.2. [6] His father Lee Hoi-Chuen was Chinese.3 Physical feats 6 Philosophy 7 Death 8 Legacy o 8.2 Television 13 See also 14 Notes 15 References 16 External links Early life Bruce Lee was born on 27 November 1940 at the Chinese Hospital in San Francisco's Chinatown. and his mother Grace Ho (何愛瑜). Peter.2 Selected filmography  12.3 Wing Chun o 1.4 Leaving Hong Kong 2 New life in America o 2. Phoebe. and Robert.1 Film  12. a Catholic.• • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • 1 Early life o 1.3 Long Beach International Karate Championships 3 Fight history 4 Acting career 5 Physical fitness and nutrition o 5.1 Books authored o 12.1 Jun Fan Gung Fu o 2.2 Family o 1.1 Names o 1. was the daughter of a German father and Chinese mother.1 Certified instructors o 8.2.[7][8][9] He was the fourth child of five children: Agnus.[10][11] Names .2 Jeet Kune Do o 2.

After being involved in several street fights. and of course his Chinese stage name Li Xiao Long 李小龍 (Xiao Long .Bruce Lee's Cantonese given name was Lee Jun Fan[12] The name literally means "return again". Li Yuan Jian 李元鑒 as a student name while attending La Salle College. however this Jun (震) was identical to part of his grandfather's name 李震彪. and was embarking on a year-long Cantonese opera tour with his family on the eve of the Japanese invasion of Hong Kong during the Second World War. Lee Hoi Chuen would resume his acting career and become an even bigger star during Hong Kong's rebuilding years. As such. Dr. Hong Kong was invaded and the Lees lived the ensuing 3 years and 8 months under Japanese occupation. The Lee family survived the war and had actually done reasonably well. she originally named him Sai Fon. To his parents dismay Bruce's street fighting continued and the violent nature of his confrontations was escalating. which is considered taboo in Chinese tradition. But Bruce liked a challenge and faced his adversaries head on. patriarch of the clan. Lee Hoi Cheun.meaning small dragon). it was given Bruce by his mother who felt he would return to the United States once he came of age. Mary Glover. dangerous.[13] The English name "Bruce" was thought to be given by the hospital attending physician. Lee Hoi Chuen decided to go back to Hong Kong after his wife gave birth to Bruce. Although a number of his peers decided to stay in the US. Gangs ruled the city streets and Lee was often forced to fight them. Family Bruce's father. After the war ended. [7] Because of his mother's superstitious nature. which is a girls name. the Hong Kong neighborhood he grew up in became over-crowded. Within months. Lee's first introduction to martial arts was through his father. She was the niece of Sir Robert Ho Tung. He learned the fundamentals of Wu style Tai Chi Chuan from his father. Bruce Lee's mother Grace belonged to one of wealthiest and most powerful clans in Hong Kong. Therefore. and full of gang rivalries:[13] Post war Hong Kong was a tough place to grow up. the Ho Tungs. Lee Hoi Chuen had been touring the United States for many years performing at numerous Chinese communities. his parents decided that Bruce Lee needed to be trained in the martial arts. Bruce Lee began training in Wing Chun at age 13 under the famous Wing Chun . Lee Hoi Chuen was one of the leading Cantonese opera and film actors at the time. Bruce Lee's name was changed to homonym/synonym 振. Despite this advantage of his family's status and because of the mass number of people fleeing communist China to Hong Kong. The Jun Fan name was originally written in Chinese as 震藩. the young Bruce Lee grew up in an affluent and privileged environment.[14] Bruce Lee had three other Chinese names: Li Yuan-Xin 李源鑫 a family/clan name.[15] Wing Chun The largest influence on Bruce Lee's martial development was his study of the Chinese martial art of Wing Chun.

he was transferred to St. His parents confirmed the police's fear that this time Bruce Lee's opponent had an organized crime background. he moved to Seattle in the fall of 1959. and there was the possibility that a contract was out for his life. Toe Dai Hawkins Cheung states.[17] After a year into his Wing Chun training. Francis Xavier's College (high school) where he would be mentored by Brother Edward. Lee. Lee got into yet another street fight and the police were called. Master Yip Man was also a colleague and friend of Hong Kong's Tai Chi Chuan teacher Wu Ta-ch'i. Yip's regular classes generally consisted of the forms practice. most of Yip Man's other students refused to train with Lee after they learnt of his ancestry (his mother was of half-German ancestry) as the Chinese in America generally were against teaching their martial arts techniques to non-Asians. In around 1956. and continued to train privately with William Cheung and Wong Shun Leung in 1955.[16] There was no set pattern to the classes. and coach of the school boxing team.[6] After living in San Francisco for several months. In the spring of 1959. Finally Lee's father decided for him to leave Hong Kong to pursue a safer and healthier avenue in the U. Kowloon) Lee entered the primary school division of La Salle College in 1950 or 1952 (at the age of 12). by Yip Man. to continue his high school education and worked for Ruby Chow as a live-in waiter at her restaurant. chi sao (trapping hands) drills. with $100 in his pocket and the titles of 1957 High School Boxing Champion and 1958 Crown Colony Cha Cha Champion of Hong Kong. —Robert Lee[13] In April 1959 they decided to send him to the United States to meet up with his older sister Agnes Lee (李秋鳳) who was already living with family friends in San Francisco. a Catholic monk (originally from Germany spending his entire adult life in China and then Hong Kong).master Yip Man in the summer of 1954.[16] Yip tried to keep his students from fighting in the street gangs of Hong Kong by encouraging them to fight in organized competitions.[18] Lee's sparring partner. "Probably fewer than six people in the whole wing chun clan were personally taught. Lee returned to the U. due to poor academic performance (or possibly poor conduct as well).S. or even partly taught. New life in America At the age of 18. and free-sparring. your son is really fighting bad in school.S.[20] Reaching all the way to his late teens Lee's street fights became more frequent and included beating up the son of a feared triad family. teacher. His older brother Peter Lee (李忠琛) would also join Bruce Lee in Seattle for a short stay before moving on to Minnesota to attend .[19] " However Bruce showed a keen interest in the art. Leaving Hong Kong After attending Tak Sun School (德信學校) (a couple of blocks from his home at 218 Nathan Road. Ruby's husband was a co-worker and friend of his father. If he gets into just one more fight I might have to put him in jail". The police detective came and he says "Excuse me Mr. wooden dummy techniques.

[26] Main article: Jeet Kune Do Jeet Kune Do originated in 1965. It was basically his approach to Wing Chun. who later became his first assistant instructor. running for endurance. whom he would marry in August 1964. James was twenty years senior to Bruce and a well known Chinese martial artist in the Bay area. Lee opened his first martial arts school. Together they co-founded the second Jun Fan martial art studio in Oakland. and various other subjects. starting with Judo practitioner Jesse Glover. flexibility. and efficiency". He called what he taught Jun Fan Gung Fu (literally Bruce Lee's Kung Fu). speed.[22][23][24] It was at the University of Washington that he met his future wife Linda Emery. Seattle). In December 1960. and many others which he constantly adapted. stretching for He most likely also studied philosophy. Bruce Lee dropped out of college in the spring of 1964 and moved to Oakland to live with James Yim Lee (嚴鏡海. A controversial match with Wong Jack Man heavily influenced Lee's philosophy about martial arts. located on Capitol Hill. . Jun Fan Gung Fu Main article: Jun Fan Gung Fu Lee began teaching martial arts in the United States in 1959. psychology.[21] not in philosophy as claimed by Lee himself and many others. Lee concluded that the fight had lasted too long and that he had failed to live up to his potential using his Wing Chun techniques. Jeet Kune Do The Jeet Kune Do emblem is a registered trademark held by the Bruce Lee Estate. a US-American teacher. He took the view that traditional martial arts techniques were too rigid and formalistic to be practical in scenarios of chaotic street fighting. royalty of the US martial art world and organizer of the (Long Beach) International Karate Championships at which Bruce Lee was later "discovered" by Hollywood.[25] Lee taught friends he met in Seattle. He started to use different methods of training such as weight training for strength. Lee decided to develop a system with an emphasis on "practicality. in Seattle. named the Lee Jun Fan Gung Fu Institute. James Lee was also responsible for introducing Bruce Lee to Ed Parker. Bruce Lee had two children with Linda. In March 1961. The Chinese characters around the Taijitu symbol read: "Using no way as way" and "Having no limitation as limitation" The arrows represent the endless interaction between yang and yin. he enrolled at the University of Washington majoring in drama according to UW's alumni association information. Lee completed his high school education and received his diploma from Edison Technical School (now Seattle Central Community College. Brandon Lee (1965–1993) and Shannon Lee (*1969). no relation to Bruce Lee).

Lee's right arm was partly extended and his right fist approximately an inch away from the partner's chest. Lee appeared in the 1964 Long Beach International Karate Championships[28] and performed repetitions of two-finger pushups (using the thumb and the index finger) with feet at approximately a shoulder-width apart. "There's no doubt in my mind that if Bruce Lee had gone into pro boxing. and eventually evolved into a philosophy and martial art he would come to call Jeet Kune Do or the Way of the Intercepting Fist. He then threw a straight punch directly at Moore's face. I had to stay home from work because the pain in my chest was unbearable. though his partner's momentum soon caused him to fall to the floor.Lee emphasized what he called "the style of no style". Dan Inosanto stated.[29] the description of which is as follows: Lee stood upright. his fellow Wing Chun street fighter."[33] Lee defeated three-time champion British boxer Gary Elms by way of knockout in the third round in the 1958 Hong Kong Inter-School amateur Boxing Championships by using Wing Chun traps and high/low-level straight punches. in the roof tops of Hong Kong in a 1958 Full-Contact match. In eight attempts. Lee then forcibly delivered the punch to his partner while largely maintaining his posture. and all he had to do was to try and block it. Lee knocked-out Pu Chung. witnessed the event."[30] It was at the 1964 championships where Lee first met taekwondo master Jhoon Rhee. and stopped before impact. California. The match was refereed by Sheun-Leung Wong.[28] Lee told Moore that he was going to throw a straight punch to the face. a Choy Li Fut fighter. Some by arrangment. stationary partner. Lee took several steps back and asked if Moore was ready. Moore failed to block any of the punches. Baker recalled. The two developed a friendship — a relationship from which they both benefited as martial artists. he could easily have ranked in the top three in the lightweight division or junior-welterweight division. some without. and Lee taught Rhee the "non-telegraphic" punch. In the same Long Beach event he also performed the "One inch punch".[27] Long Beach International Karate Championships At the invitation of Ed Parker. Lee felt the system he now called Jun Fan Gung Fu was even too restrictive. his right foot forward with knees bent slightly. including the famous "unstoppable punch" against USKA world karate champion Vic Moore.[32] Fight history Martial artist Bruce Lee was involved in competitive fights. Lee glided towards him until he was within striking range. when Moore nodded in affirmation. in front of a standing. sending the partner backwards and falling into a chair said to be placed behind the partner to prevent injury. [31] Lee appeared at the 1967 Long Beach International Karate Championships and performed various demonstrations. It is a term he would later regret because Jeet Kune Do implied specific parameters that styles connote whereas the idea of his martial art was to exist outside of parameters and limitations. "I told Bruce not to do this type of demonstration again". Jhoon Rhee taught Lee the side kick in detail. His volunteer was Bob Baker of Stockton. This consisted of getting rid of the formalized approach which Lee claimed was indicative of traditional styles.[35][36] . Without retracting his right arm. "When he punched me that last time.[34] Hawkings Cheung.

California in 1964 at China Town the Chinese community issued an ultimatum to Bruce's dojo to stop teaching non-Chinese[46]. Northern Shaolin. but they don't scare me. as a petitioned document by the community does not correspond to the motive of responding to an open challenge. Lee became a member of the "Tigers of Junction Street. a Chinese-language newspaper in San Francisco.[40] It was refereed by Jesse Glover[41]. a teacher of Tai Chi Chuan. Lee's eventual celebrity put him in the path of a number of men who sought to make a name for themselves by causing a confrontation with Lee. breaking his opponent's arm.M. contrary to this claimed motive is the signed formal letter manifested by Dan Chan with signatures by the martial art community. and Tai Chi Chuan while being a direct student of Grand Master Ma Kin Fung. The police were called as a result. I thought he'd killed him.[43] Ed Hart states "The karate man arrived in his gi (uniform). "In one of his last encounters. Lee had been challenged to a combat match with their top fighter Wong Jack Man [47]. Refusing to be told what to do or to discriminate who is allowed to learn. it took three minutes. the fight lasted 3 minutes with a decisive victory for Bruce. while removing his jacket the fellow he was squaring off against sucker punched him and blackened his eye.[38] In 1960 in Seattle. Wong Jack Man published his own account of the battle in the Chinese Pacific Weekly. Bruce got this guy down to the ground and said 'do you give up?' and the man said he gave up. it was a no holds barred fight."[37] The incident took place on a Hong Kong rooftop at 10 P. "The fight ensued."[44] The fight ended by Bruce knocking Uechi the length of the gymnasium[45] In Oakland. Wong stated that he requested to fight Lee after Lee issued an open challenge during one of Lee's demonstrations at a Chinatown theater[49]. The arrangement was that if Bruce lost he would have to shut down his school. if he won then Bruce would be free to teach Caucasians or anyone else[48]. A challenger had invaded Lee's private home in .a Japanese black belt. 1959. no relation) and William Chen. James Lee (Bruce Lee's associate. The formidable Wong Jack Man had mastery of Xingyiquan. According to Bruce. but Lee had continued to teach Caucasians. while Bruce showed up in his street clothes and simply took off his shoes. Linda. knocking him out. in 11 seconds in a 1962 Full-Contact match in Seattle. complete with black belt. The fight lasted exactly 11 seconds-I know because I was the time keeper—and Bruce had hit the guy something like 15 times and kicked him once. The incident took place in Seattle at a YMCA handball court. Individuals known to have witnessed the match included Cadwell. including Chan and Wong.[42] Taki Kamura says the battle lasted 10 seconds in contrary to Harts statement. "That paper had all the names of the sifu from Chinatown.[39] In 1962 Lee knocked out Uechi. April 29. and James Lee." — Linda Lee Cadwell[52] Reportedly. which contained another challenge to Lee for a public rematch[53] Lee had no reciprocation to Wong's article nor were there any further public announcements by either. Lee backfisted and broke a man's nose after Lee saw him harassing a Chinese girl while Lee was taking a walk." — Bruce Lee[50] Wong and witness William Chen stated that the fight lasted an unusually long 20-25 minutes[51]. This fight was witnessed by James DeMile in 1960. However. on Wednesday." and was involved in numerous gang-related street fights. Bruce flew into a rage and went after him.The following year.

Lee finished the challenger violently with a kick." that he "wasn't much of a fighter. and he was really trying to punch Bruce's brains in. from 1966 to 1967...then all of a sudden. and nailed him in the face repeatedly." and observed that he was fast." a "damned good martial artist. Wall described Lee's opponent as "a gang-banger type of guy from Hong Kong. got into his yard and challenged him and he says 'how good are you?' And Bruce was poppin mad. The extra yelled that Lee was "a movie star. Herb Jackson states. William Dozier invited Lee for an audition. Bruce was introduced into films at a very young age and appeared in several short black-and-white films as a child. The show lasted just one season. proceeding to drop him and plant his knee into his opponent's chest.[55] This kid was good.[6] While in the United States from 1959–1964. my own private home.Hong Kong by trespassing into the backyard to incite Lee in combat. Lee . Describing the incident. Lee also played Kato in three crossover episodes of Batman. this guy. invade it and challenge me. strong. Hong Kong. Lee had his first role as a baby who was carried onto the stage. By the time he was 18. But Bruce just methodically took him apart. USPK karate champion and co-star in Enter the Dragon. including Ironside (1967) and Here Come the Brides (1969). He [Bruce] says 'he gets the idea.' He said he got so mad that he gave the hardest kick he ever gave anyone in his life. and bigger than Bruce. this kid couldn't touch him. infuriated over the home invasion. Bruce got him and rammed his ass with the wall and swept him up. In 1969.[56] Bruce kept moving so well. This was followed by guest appearances in a host of television series.[54] Bob Wall. because of this. where Lee so impressed the producers with his lightning-fast moves that he earned the role of Kato alongside Van Williams in the TV series The Green Hornet. to come and invade my home. he had appeared in twenty films. One time one fellow got over that wall. Lee's father Hoi-Chuen was a famous Cantonese Opera star. not a martial artist. Lee abandoned thoughts of a film career in favor of pursuing martial arts." Lee answered his taunts by asking him to jump down from the wall he was sitting on. recalled one encounter that transpired after a film extra kept taunting Lee." — Bob Wall[57] Acting career Bruce Lee's star at the Avenue of Stars. locked his arm out straight. He was strong and fast.

[58] Instead the role of the Shaolin monk in the Wild West. According to these sources. He soon followed up with Fist of Fury (1972) which broke the box office records set previously by The Big Boss. however. Lee appeared in four episodes of the television series Longstreet as the martial arts instructor of the title character Mike Longstreet (played by James Franciscus). I would have my own concerns as to whether the acceptance would be there." Lee adds. "They think that business wise it is a risk. Lee had met karate champion Chuck Norris. Ed Spielman and Howard Friedlander. According to statements made by Bruce Lee and also by Linda Lee Cadwell after Bruce's death. Lee returned to Hong Kong. I don't blame them. director. he was given complete control of the film's production as the writer. at a demonstration in Long Beach. where you use what. how else can you justify all of the punching and kicking and violence. Unaware that The Green Hornet had been played to success in Hong Kong and was unofficially referred to as "The Kato Show". he was surprised to be recognized on the street as the star of the show. That is why "The Warrior" is probably not going to be on. except in the period of The West?" Later in the interview. the Martial Arts in a Western setting?" Lee responds.. discussions which were also confirmed by Warner Bros.[59] Books and documentaries about the show "Kung Fu" dispute Cadwell's version. "there's a pretty good chance that you'll get a TV series in the States called "The Warrior". and I was the man with the money.S. I think. After Pierre Berton comments. Lee was then offered a film contract by legendary director Raymond Chow to star in two films produced by his production company Golden Harvest. in it. gave Lee no credit. In 1971. only to later accidentally jump off a tall building while trying to kick Marlowe off. and choreographer of the fight scenes. For his third film.made a brief appearance in his first American film Marlowe where he played a henchman hired to intimidate private detective Philip Marlowe (played by James Garner) by smashing up his office with leaping kicks and flashing punches."[61] Not happy with his supporting roles in the U.both of them (Warner and Paramount). was awarded to then non-martial artist David Carradine because of the studio's fears that a Chinese leading man would not be embraced by the public. If the situation were reversed. In 1964. (協和公司) with Chow. Have people come up in the industry and said 'well. Whereas I want to do the Western.[60] In a 9 December 1971 television interview on The Pierre Berton Show.. because. Lee's concept was retooled and renamed Kung Fu. In Way of the Dragon Lee . we don't know how the audience are going to take a nonAmerican'"?. and they think that "The Western" type of thing is out. Lee played his first leading role in The Big Boss (1971) which proved to be an enormous box office success across Asia and catapulted him to stardom. California. they want me to be in a modernized type of a thing. . star. and an American star were to come to Hong Kong. in 1971 Bruce pitched a television series of his own tentatively titled The Warrior. and the reason Lee was not cast was in part because of his ethnicity but more so because he had a thick accent. the show was created by two writers and producers. Having finished his initial two-year contract. it is being discussed. in fact. Bruce Lee himself makes reference to both Warner Brothers and Paramount wanting him to do an American TV series. Lee responds "Well. According to Cadwell. "that was the original idea. such question has been raised.. you see. but Warner Bros. Lee negotiated a new deal with Golden Harvest. Way of the Dragon (1972). Lee later formed his own company Concord Productions Inc. Berton asks Lee about "the problems that you face as a Chinese hero in an American series.

a former student.000 in 1973 (equivalent to $4 million adjusted for inflation as of 2007). which was to culminate in Lee's character. the first film to be produced jointly by Golden Harvest and Warner Bros. the cobbled-together film contained only fifteen minutes of actual footage of Lee (he had printed many unsuccessful takes[66]) while the rest had a Lee look-alike. Game of Death. Lee had shot over 100 minutes of footage. It was made for US$850. The unused footage Lee had filmed was recovered 22 years later and included in the documentary Bruce Lee: A Warrior's Journey. However. the director of Enter the Dragon. George Lazenby. and Raymond Chow attempted to finish Lee's incomplete film Game of Death which Lee was also set to write and direct. for Game of Death before shooting was stopped to allow him to work on Enter the Dragon. However. and Europe. In a controversial move.[64] To date. . Enter the Dragon has grossed over $200 million worldwide. which was released in 1979. Robert Clouse.[63] the supremely fit Lee mysteriously died.[62] In late 1972. [67] Physical fitness and nutrition Lee in Way of the Dragon in 1972. Dan Inosanto were also to appear in the film.introduced Norris to moviegoers as his opponent in the final death fight at the Colosseum in Rome. Enter the Dragon would go on to become one of the year's highest grossing films and cement Lee as a martial arts legend. including outtakes. epitomized in such songs as "Kung Fu Fighting" and such TV shows as Kung Fu. only a few months after the film's completion and 6 days before its 26 July 1973 release.S. Kim Tai Chung. This film would skyrocket Lee to fame in the U. Hapkido master Ji Han Jae and another Lee student. Production was stopped when Warner Brothers offered Lee the opportunity to star in Enter the Dragon. Hai Tien (clad in the now-famous yellow track suit) taking on a series of different challenge on each floor as they make their way through a five-level pagoda. Robert Clouse finished the film using a look-alike and archive footage of Lee from his other films with a new storyline and cast. and Yuen Biao as stunt double.[65][not in citation given] The movie sparked a brief fad in the martial-arts. He began filming some scenes including his fight sequence with 7'2" American Basketball star Kareem Abdul-Jabbar. In addition to Abdul-Jabbar. Lee began work on his fourth Golden Harvest Film. today considered one of Lee's most legendary fight scenes and one of the most memorable fight scenes in martial arts film history.

He tried traditional bodybuilding techniques to build bulky muscles or mass.[71] Lee trained from 7 a. Lee would ride the equivalent of 10 miles (about 16 kilometers) in 45 minutes on a stationary bike.[70] Lee believed that the abdominal muscles were one of the most important muscle groups for a martial artist. He was always doing sit-ups. crunches.m. in which he would vary speed in 3–5 minute intervals. concentration curls.. A typical exercise for Lee would be to run a distance of two to six miles in 15 to 45 minutes. Roman chair movements.Physical fitness Bruce Lee was renowned for his physical fitness and vigorous. Lee was careful to admonish that mental and spiritual preparation was fundamental to the success of physical training in martial arts skills. such as squats. along with other forms of exercises. . At that time he could perform single bicep curls at a weight of 70 to 80 lb (about 32 to 36 kg) for three sets of eight repetitions. Lee would also do exercises to toughen the skin on his fists.[72][73] Lee would sometimes exercise with the jump rope and put in 800 jumps after cycling. ultimately is not a matter of petty techniques but of highly developed spirituality and physique. including stomach. Lee changed his approach toward martial arts training. and eventually concluded that "A stronger muscle. Lee felt that many martial artists of his day did not spend enough time on physical conditioning. flexibility. and running. dedicated fitness regime to become as strong as he possibly could. JKD. In his book The Tao of Jeet Kune Do. French presses..[citation needed] Bruce forever experimented with his training routines to maximize his physical abilities. leg raises and V-ups". Bruce included all elements of total fitness—muscular strength. He would do over 500 repetitions of this on a given day. Too much time is given to the development of skill and too little to the development of the individual for participation.[69] The repetitions he performed were 6 to 12 reps (at the time). and from 11 a. placed heavy emphasis on his arms. is a bigger muscle". to 9 a. cardiovascular endurance. which served his training and bodybuilding purposes effectively.[74] An article of . such as during watching TV. He employed many different routines and exercises including skipping rope. and push the human body to its limits. After his match with Wong Jack Man in 1965. placing Bruce a little over 160 lb (about 72 kg). at only 24 years old. Lee was documented as having well over 2. While this method of training targeted his fast and slow twitch muscles. "Bruce was a fanatic about ab training.m. push-ups. She said of Lee. to 12 p. then you had no business doing any hard sparring". a conclusion he later disputed. including thrusting his hands into buckets of harsh rocks and gravel.[68] The weight training program that Lee used during a stay in Hong Kong in 1965. Mito Uyehara recalled that "Bruce always felt that if your stomach was not developed.. and flexibility.m. it later resulted in weight gain or muscle mass. he wrote Training is one of the most neglected phases of athletics. and both wrist curls and reverse wrist curls.500 books in his own personal library. muscular endurance.m. since virtually every movement requires some degree of abdominal work. reverse curls. he would weight train and cycle. According to his wife Linda. However. even when not training he would frequently perform sit ups and other ab exercises in domestic living throughout the day.

Given that most of these enzymes are destroyed when vegetables are cooked. Bee pollen. increase blood supply. including Vitamin C. China Post writes "When a doctor warned him not to inflict too much violence on his body.[84] In Traditional Chinese Medicine. Lee's diet included protein drinks. acetylcholine. Acerola — C and B-Folia. Bruce always preferred to eat Chinese or other Asian food because he loved the variety that it had. soon after he moved to the United States. Wheat germ oil. He also became a heavy advocate of dietary supplements. [79] Bruce Lee disliked dairy food although he knew that for building muscle he must add milk and consume eggs. he was particularly keen on carrots which would make up one half of the contents of the drink. and would boost his metabolism by eating small healthy snacks such as fruits throughout the day. "He also drank his own juice concoctions made from vegetables and fruits. Lee also avoided baked goods and refined flour. and eighteen amino acids which allow for a quick energy boost. They typically included noninstant powdered milk which is reported to have a higher concentration of calcium than other forms of powdered milk. apples. allow quicker recovery times after exhaustion and stimulating the body. Linda recalls Bruce's waist fluctuated between 26 and 28 inches (66 to 71 centimeters).[82] Fruit and vegetables provided him with the richest source of carbohydrates.[85] . He would usually consume four or five smaller meals a day rather than a couple of large meals. Some of his favourite Chinese dishes were beef in oyster sauce. Lee started to take nutrition seriously and developed an interest in health foods. banana. As a result he only ate dairy as part of cereals and protein drinks. including a high concentration of vitamin B5 (pantothenic acid) and vitamin B6 (pyridoxine).[77] He consumed green vegetables and fruits every day. describing them as providing calories which did nothing for his body. Rose hips (liquid form). high-protein drinks and vitamin and mineral supplements. with the remaining being split between the other fruits and vegetables. even real pain' --Bruce Lee. but discontinued drinking them later on in his life. [81] According to Lee. carrots and so on. Ginseng is also said to improve circulation. 'the human brain can subjugate anything. and with "the wrong fuel" one's body would perform sluggishly or sloppily [76]. hormones.the S. Lee would try to consume them raw. Lecithin granules. wheat germ. usually using powdered milk instead of fresh milk. Eggs. celery. Bruce dismissed his words. peanut butter. and Inositol and Lecithin supplements [80]. one could not fuel it with a diet of junk food. [75] " Nutrition According to Linda Lee. He later concluded that in order to achieve a high-performance body. prepared in an electric blender". The reason why Lee was to keen on juicing vegetables and fruits is that he believed it allowed the body to assimilate many nutrients more easily. he always tried to consume one or two daily. tofu and steak and liver [78]. Vitamin E. Brewers yeast for its B vitamins. the size of portions and number of meals were just as important. The enzymes in the juiced vegetables acting as organic catalysts which increase the metabolism and absorption of nutrients.[83] Lee often drank a royal jelly and ginseng drink as they contain B-complex vitamins. she said.

[100] Lee could cause a 200-lb (90.[88][101] In a move that has been dubbed "Dragon Flag". His eclectic philosophy often mirrored his fighting beliefs. "To be perfectly frank.[104] John Little states that Lee was an atheist. (This was when soft drinks cans were made of steel much thicker than today's aluminum cans). though he was quick to claim that his martial arts were solely a metaphor for such teachings.72 kg) bag to fly towards and thump the ceiling with a sidekick.[86] [87][88][89] "A man able to perform super human feats that have yet to be equaled. . and said that his chosen method of self-expression was martial arts.[89][97][98] Lee performed 50 reps of one-arm chin-ups. He believed that any knowledge ultimately led to self-knowledge."[105] Also in 1972."[90] The following list includes some of the physical feats that are attributed to Bruce Lee.[93][94][95] In a speed demonstration.[91] Lee could take in one arm a 75 lb barbell from a standing position with the barbell held flush against his chest and slowly stick his arms out locking them. Jiddu Krishnamurti.[96] Lee would hold an elevated v-sit position for 30 minutes or longer. When asked in 1972 what his religious affiliation was. so many scenes were shot in 32 frames per second for better clarity.[102] Philosophy Although Lee is best known as a martial artist. when asked if he believed in God. Lee could perform leg lifts with only his shoulder blades resting on the edge of a bench and suspend his legs and torso horizontal midair.[88] Lee could throw grains of rice up into the air and then catch them in mid-flight using chopsticks. He was well-read and had an extensive library. His own books on martial arts and fighting philosophy are known for their philosophical assertions both inside and outside of martial arts circles.Physical feats Lee's phenomenal fitness meant he was capable of performing many exceptional physical feats."[105] The following quotations reflect his fighting philosophy. I really do not.[103] His influences include Taoism. he responded. holding the barbell there for 20 seconds. and Buddhism.[97] Lee could thrust his fingers through unopened cans of Coca-Cola. he also studied drama and philosophy while a student at the University of Washington. • • • • • • • • • • • • • Lee's striking speed from three feet with his hands down by his side reached five hundredths of a second. Lee could snatch a dime off a person's open palm before they could close it. and leave a penny behind.[92] Lee's combat movements were at times too fast to be captured on film for clear slow motion replay using the traditional 24 frames per second of that era.[95] Lee performed one-hand push-ups using only the thumb and index finger. he replied "none whatsoever.[99] Lee could break wooden boards 6 inches (15 cm) thick.[89] Lee performed a sidekick while training with James Coburn and broke a 150 lb (68 kg) punching bag.

shapeless. which contained both aspirin and a muscle relaxant. Equagesic. like water. These same symptoms that occurred in his first collapse were later repeated on the day of his death. my friend. Lee collapsed in Golden Harvest studios while doing dubbing work for the movie Enter the Dragon.[114] .• • • • • • • "Be formless."[106] "All types of knowledge.. Suffering from seizures and headaches.. Hack away at the unessential. due to have dinner with former James Bond star George Lazenby. According to Lee's wife Linda.m.m. And to express yourself. When Lee did not turn up for dinner."[108] "Do not deny the classical approach. A doctor was summoned. he was immediately rushed to Hong Kong Baptist Hospital where doctors diagnosed cerebral edema."[110] "I always learn something. Lee was dead by the time he reached the hospital. Do not go out and look for a successful personality and duplicate him. with whom he intended to make a film. and that is: to always be yourself. at home to discuss the making of the movie Game of Death. The three went over the script at Ting's home. a Taiwanese actress. and then drove together to the home of Lee's colleague Betty Ting. Seattle. or creep or drip or crash! Be water. and take it from any place you can find it. They worked until 4 p. to have faith in yourself. You put water into a teapot.S. and Ting gave him an analgesic (painkiller)..[113] On 20 July 1973."[111] "It's not the daily increase but daily decrease. You pour water into a bottle.. Lee was in Hong Kong. who spent ten minutes attempting to revive him before sending him by ambulance to Queen Elizabeth Hospital."[112] Death Bruce Lee is buried next to his son Brandon in Lake View Cemetery. and then Chow left to attend a dinner meeting. Around 7:30 p.. it becomes the bottle. U. Chow came to the apartment but could not wake Lee up. it becomes the teapot. Lee met producer Raymond Chow at 2 p.[citation needed] Later Lee complained of a headache. ultimately leads to self knowledge"[107] "Use only that which works.A On 10 May 1973. he went to lie down for a nap. it becomes the cup. simply as a reaction. Now water can flow."[109] "Quick temper will make a fool of you soon enough. They were able to reduce the swelling through the administration of mannitol. or you will have created another pattern and trapped yourself there.m. Now you put water into a cup.

was the top expert assigned to the Lee case. The Crow was completed with the use of computergenerated imagery and a stunt double in the few but critical scenes that remained to be filmed. James Coburn. When the doctors announced Lee's death officially. Don Langford. His conclusion was that the death was caused by an acute cerebral edema due to a reaction to compounds present in the prescription pain killing drug Equagesic.D. Dan Inosanto. 1993) after his father. in a bizarre accident while filming The Crow at the age of 28. His wife Linda returned to her home town of Seattle. including murder involving the Triad society and a supposed curse on him and his family. George Lazenby. his brain had swollen considerably. but I've never known of anyone dying simply from taking it. he was brought in as an expert on cannabis and we can't contradict his testimony. The only substance found during the autopsy was Equagesic.400 to 1. Steve McQueen. Chuck Norris.[116] The preliminary opinion of the neurosurgeon who saved Lee's life during his first seizure.There was no visible external injury. His iconic status and untimely demise fed many theories about his death. The dosage of cannabis is neither precise nor predictable. it was ruled a "death by misadventure.575 grams (a 13% increase). Teare. a forensic scientist recommended by Scotland Yard who had overseen over 1000 autopsies. Pallbearers at his funeral on 31 July 1973 included Taky Kimura. who was Lee's personal physician in Hong Kong and had treated Lee during his first collapse believed that "Equagesic was not at all involved in Bruce's first collapse. However. Dr. Legacy Certified instructors . and had him buried at lot 276 of Lakeview Cemetery. also an actor. As well other authors have said the death of Bruce Lee may have been due to a "Vibrating Palm technique". Brandon Lee.[118] Lee's son. died 20 years (March 31. Peter Chin.[117] Black Belt magazine in 1985 carried the speculation that the death of Bruce Lee in 1973 may have been caused by "a delayed reaction to a Dim Mak strike he received several weeks prior to his collapse". Peter Wu. On 15 October 2005. as had his father's last film."[citation needed] Controversy occurred when Dr. and his brother Robert Lee. Lee was 32 years old."[115] However Professor R. from 1. Wu later backed off from this position:[115] Professor Teare was a forensic scientist recommended by Scotland Yard. was that the cause of death should have been attributed to either a reaction to cannabis or Equagesic. which he described as a common ingredient in painkillers. Chow stated in an interview that Lee died from a hypersensitivity to the muscle relaxant in Equagesic. The film was released after his death and gained cult status. Brandon Lee was buried beside his father. however according to autopsy reports.

it was announced that Bruce's Hong Kong home (41 Cumberland Road. to date. and Bruce Lee's Tao of Chinese Gung Fu. a close friend of Lee.[120] Awards and honors Main article: The awards and honors of Bruce Lee . and Dan Inosanto. Between all 3 of them. One is that his early 70s interview on the TVB show Enjoy Yourself Tonight cleared the busy streets of Hong Kong as everyone was watching the interview at home.[119] Hong Kong legacy Sculpture of Bruce Lee at the Avenue of Stars. Prior to his death. Both Taky Kimura and Dan Inosanto were allowed to teach small classes thereafter. some with remaining Bruce Lee signed certificates. The sole exception to this being Gary Dill who studied Jeet Kune Do under James and received permission via a personal letter from him in 1972 to pass on his learning of JKD to others. Taky Kimura holds a 5th rank in Jun Fan Gung Fu. Bruce also instructed several World Karate Champions including Chuck Norris. Taky Kimura. James Yimm Lee (now deceased) held a 3rd rank in Jun Fan Gung Fu. Hong Kong) will be preserved and transformed into a tourist site by philanthropist Yu Pang-lin. Dan Inosanto continued to teach and certify select students in Jeet Kune Do for over 30 years. Lee told his then only two living instructors Kimura and Inosanto (James Yimm Lee had died in 1972) to dismantle his schools. Other Jeet Kune Do instructors since Lee's death have been certified directly by Dan Inosanto. On 6 January 2009. during their training with Bruce they won every Karate Championship in the United States. Hong Kong There are a number of stories (perhaps apocryphal) surrounding Lee that are still repeated in Hong Kong culture today. Joe Lewis. but the quality high". James Yimm Lee. died without certifying additional students. has certified only one person in Jun Fan Gung Fu: his son Andy Kimura. Jun Fan Gung Fu. feeling that Bruce would have wanted to promote him. Kowloon. Taky Kimura. Inosanto holds the 3rd rank (Instructor) directly from Bruce Lee in Jeet Kune Do.Bruce Lee personally certified only 3 instructors. James Yimm Lee. making it possible for thousands of martial arts practitioners to trace their training lineage back to Bruce Lee. and Mike Stone. Ted Wong holds 2nd rank in Jeet Kune Do certified directly by Bruce Lee and was later promoted to Instructor under Dan Inosanto. under the guideline "keep the numbers low.

S he (already) had training in Wu Style Tai Chi. sometimes in Hong Kong called Ng-ga. Praying Mantis. Hsing-I. Lee was trained in Wu Tai Chi Chuan (also known as Ng-ga) and Jing Mo Tam Tui for the twelve sets. and Jujitsu. or Tam Toi. —Danny Inosanto[121] Lineage in Wing Chun / Jeet Kune Do Wing Chun teacher Other instructors William Cheung Sparring partner and friend Bruce Lee (李小龍) Creator of Jeet Kune Do Taky Kimura James Yimm Lee Dan Inosanto Brandon Bruce Lee Jesse Glover Steve Golden Larry Hartsell Dan Inosanto Yori Nakamura Taky Kimura Richard Bustillo Jerry Poteet Ted Wong Toe Dai Hawkins Cheung Yip Man (葉問) Wong Shun-leung (黃惇樑) Instructors personally certified by Bruce Lee to teach Jeet Kune Do Notable students of Jun Fan/Gung Fu/Jeet Kune Do . he was twelve sets in Tam Toi. of the three swords for fencing (epee. And the other area was the training he had received in Buk Pie. He had training in fencing from his brother.Recognition He was named by Time Magazine as one of the 100 most influential people of the 20th century. that goes from toe to head. Lee also was trained in the martial art Choy Li Fut. When Bruce arrived in the U. that's Epee. sabre and foil) Bruce was trained in Epee. He had training obviously in Wing Chun. Lee's perspectives were wide and never ending still as it included Western Boxing. Judo. And he had of course training in western boxing.[2] Martial arts lineage Lee's familiarity of the Art of War was infinitely diverse from his studious life-time focus. And I believe he had traded with a Choy Li Fut man.

...James Yimm Lee Rusty Stevens Chuck Norris[122] Kareem Abdul-Jabbar James Coburn Joe Lewis Roman Polanski Lee Marvin Stirling Silliphant Steve McQueen Mike Stone Media Main article: Media about Bruce Lee Books authored • • • Chinese Gung-Fu: The Philosophical Art of Self Defense (Bruce Lee's first book) – 1963 Tao of Jeet Kune Do (Published posthumously) – 1973 Bruce Lee's Fighting Method (Published posthumously) – 1978 Selected filmography For a complete list of Bruce Lee's filmography see Main article: Bruce Lee filmography Film • • • • • • The Big Boss (1971) (US title: Fists of Fury) Fist of Fury (1972) (US title: The Chinese Connection) Way of the Dragon (1972) (US titles: Return of the Dragon.. "A Piece of the Action" 1 March 1967. Kato Ironside (Episode: "Tagged for Murder" 26 October 1967) .. Lin . Kato Batman (Episodes: "The Spell of Tut" 28 September 1966. Leon Soo Blondie (Episode: "Pick on Someone Your Own Size". Revenge of the Dragon) Enter the Dragon (1973) Game of Death (1979) Game of Death II (1981) (Stock footage) Television • • • • • The Green Hornet (26 episodes.. "Batman's Satisfaction" 2 March 1967) . 1966–1967) .... 1968) Here Come the Brides (Episode: "Marriage Chinese Style" 9 April 1969) ....

.• • Longstreet (4 episodes.. 1971) ... Li Tsung The Pierre Berton Show (1971) ... Himself See also • • • • Bruce Lee Library Bruce Lee statue in Hong Kong Bruceploitation Mostar Bruce Lee statue .

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful