Kutchum Secondary School

Exercise 1.1
Property of Indices
Name
Additional Mathematics M.2 Class No.
Unit 1 Property of Indices By...Mr.Praiwan Duangta

 Simplify each of the following.
1.
6 2 2
9 7 3 f g efg e fg × × 2.
2 2 2 3 4
8 6 4 r ts r t s rt s × ×





3.
9 10 4
6 7 3
25
15
r t s
r t s
4.
2 2
2 2 3
3 2
4
ab a b
a b ab
×
×






5.
2 2 7 3 4
(5 ) ( ) e f ef × 6.
2 3 2
(4 ) ( ) ( ) ab ab ab × ×





7.
2 2 5
2 2 3
( ) ( )
( )
gh g h
g h
8.
2
5
2 3
ab
a b
÷
÷
÷
| |
|
\ .






9.
( )
( )
3
2 3
2 5
4 4
2
xy
x y
z
xz
÷
÷ ÷
÷ ÷
÷
| |
×
|
\ .
10.
2
2 2
8 9
(4 ) (3 )
ab c bc
ac abc
÷








 Simplify each of the following, giving your answer with positive indices.
1.
3 5
2 1
3 4 3 2
a b ab
a b a b
÷
÷ ÷
÷ ÷
| | | |
÷
| |
\ . \ .
2.
2
1 5
2 3
( ) ( )
c b
ab ac
÷
÷
÷
(
÷
(
¸ ¸







3.
3 3 4 5 4
5
3 3 3 4 6
(2 )
( ) )
a b c
ab c a b c
÷ ÷ ÷
÷
÷
(
¸ ¸
4.
2 3 6 7
4 1 1 2 4
( )
( ) ( )
abc a b
a b bc
÷ ÷ ÷
÷ ÷ ÷ ÷
×







5.
2 3 4 2
1 3 2 1
( ) ( )
(2 ) (4 )
x y xy
xy x y
÷ ÷
÷ ÷ ÷
÷
6.
2 4
4 4 2
1 1 3 2
a b b a
c b b c
÷
÷ ÷
÷ ÷ ÷
| | | |
÷
| |
\ . \ .









7.
2 3 4
2 1 2 2
3 3
2
x y y z zx
z x y
÷ ÷
÷ ÷
÷
| | | | | |
| | |
\ . \ . \ .
8.
2 3 4 5 2 2 3 2
6 1 2 3 4 2
( ) ( ) ( )
( ) ( )
x y x y x y
x y x y
÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷
÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷
÷