INDIAN REMOVAL (adopted from the College Board’s AP page) Read the information that is relevant to your side

of the debate to get yourself informed. Indian Removal Act (excerpts) Indian Removal Debate in Congress (2 representative voices) Read Sprague for removal, Forsyth against removal Jackson’s Annual Messages (excerpts concerning Indian Removal) Federal Indian Laws (including the judgment on the Supreme Court cases) On assimilation: Several resources can be used to introduce students to the concept of assimilation. Students can examine the Cherokee alphabet devised by Sequoyah, the Cherokee Phoenix newspaper, and the 1827 Cherokee Constitution. Ask students to compare and contrast the U.S. and Cherokee Constitutions. Elias Boudinot, editor of the Cherokee Phoenix, made "An Address to the Whites" in Philadelphia in 1826; two years later, he expressed concern about the mounting voices that discounted assimilation.
Cherokee Alphabet Sequoyah Cherokee Phoenix Elias Boudinot's "An Address to the Whites" Boudinot's Concern Over Assimilation

Reaction to removal was considerable and vocal. The Chickasaw Historical Research page contains letters written by the Chickasaw to U.S. officials. John Ross of the Cherokee presented a memorial to Congress protesting removal in 1836. Students may refer to this site for an account of conditions on the Trail of Tears, which received this treatment by Robert Lindneux in 1928. Some statistics have been collected for Cherokee leaving under their own supervision. Addresses delivered by General Winfield Scott to the troop escorts and to the Cherokee are here.
Chickasaw Historical Research Page John Ross Trail of Tears Robert Lindneux Statistics on Unsupervised Cherokee Migration General Winfield Scott's Speeches

Divide students into small groups that will each represent one of the contemporary voices raised on this issue: assimilationists, such as Thomas Jefferson; staunch advocates of federal removal, such as Andrew Jackson; white citizens of southern states hungry for Indian lands; the Supreme Court, represented by Chief Justice John Marshall; Cherokee such as John Ross who championed assimilation and refusal to relocate; the signers of the New Echota treaty, such as Elias Boudinot, who acquiesced to federal pressures; Christian missionaries who supported Cherokee self-determination; and the tribes of the Old Northwest, who rose in resistance. Each group should develop a set of debate points that capture the content and flavor of the contemporary debate. It is essential that each group conduct itself as much as possible as contemporaries would.