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Peer group

A peer group is a social group consisting of humans. A peer group is a primary group of people, typically informal, who share a similar or equal status and who are usually of roughly the same age, tended to travel around and interact within the social aggregate[1] Members of a particular peer group often have similar interests and backgrounds, bonded by the premise of sameness. However, some peer groups are very diverse, crossing social divides such as socioeconomic, level of education, race, creed, culture, or religion. Unlike the family and the school, the peer group lets children escape the direct supervision of adults. Among peers, children learn to form relationships on their own. Peer groups also offer the chance to discuss interests that adults may not share with their children (such as clothing and popular music) or permit (such as drugs and sex).

IMPORTANCE
Peer groups have a significant influence on psychological and social adjustments for group individuals. Peer groups provide perspective outside of individual’s viewpoints. Members inside peer groups also learn to develop relationships with other in the social system. Peers, particularly group members, become important social referents for teaching members customs, social norms, and different ideologies.  Teaches gender roles.

Peer groups can also serve as a venue for teaching members Gender roles. Through genderrole socialization group members learn about sex differences, social and cultural expectations. While boys and girls differ greatly there is not a one to one link between sex and gender role with males always being masculine and female always being feminine. Both genders can contain different levels of masculinity and femininity. Peer groups like gender roles can consist of all males, all females, or both male and female. Peer groups can have great influence or peer pressure on each other’s gender role behavior depending on the amount of pressure. If a peer group holds to a strong social norm, member will behave in ways predicted by their gender roles, but if there is not a unanimous peer agreement gender roles do not correlate with behavior  Serves as a practicing venue to adulthood. Adolescent Peer groups provide support for children, and teens as they assimilate into the adult society decreasing dependence on parents, and increasing feeling of self-sufficiency and connecting with a much larger social network. this is “a period in which individuals are expanding their perspective beyond the family how to and learning negotiate relationships with others in the

violence. and agree. and dress. Peers. As members of peer groups interconnect. Group consensus. Peer group individuality is increased by normative codes. This Normative code can become very rigid deciding group behavior. and Group conformity concerning attitude and behavior. and behaviors on many cultural. academic achievement and even the development and expression of prejudice. .  Teaches unity & collective behavior Peer Groups “provide an influential social setting in which group norms are developed. a normative code arises.social system. particularly group members. and intergroup conflict. and social issues such as drug use. and enforced through socialization processes that promote within-group similarity. and maintained by such factors as group Communication. become important social referents” Peer groups also have influence on individual member’s attitudes. Peer groups cohesion is determined.