# Capi t ul o 6

1)
1 2 3
2
0 0 1
26
3
xdx ydy z dz =
} } }

2)
( )
( )
( )
( )
( )
8 2
2
4 8 2 4 4 8 2 4
2 2
2
0 0 0 0 0 0
0
2
4
2
0
4
2 2 3 2 3
0
4
3 4
4
3 2 2
0
0
4 4
2 4
8 2
4 8 2 8 2
4
32 8 16 8 8 2
8 64
16 8 8
3 4 3
x
y
x x x
yx y x
xdzdydx x x dydx xy x y dx
x x
x x x x dx
x x x x x x x dx
x x
x x x dx x
÷
÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ | |
| |
= ÷ ÷ = ÷ ÷ =
| |
\ .
\ .
| |
÷
÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ = |
|
\ .
÷ ÷ + ÷ ÷ + =
| |
+ ÷ = ÷ + + =
|
\ .
} } } } } }
}
}
}

3)
2 1 4
3
0 0 0
2 r dzdrd

  =
} } }

4)
( )
2 2
2
4
2 4 2 4 2
2 2
0 0 0 0 0 0
0
4 2 4
4
y y y
y
dzdxdy ydxdy y ydy y
÷ ÷ | |
= = ÷ = ÷ =
|
\ .
} } } } } }

5)
( )
2 2
2
4
2 4 4 2 4 2
2 2
2 0 0 0 0 2
2
8 8 4 8 2 0
4
x x
x
xydydzdx xdzdx x x dx x
÷ ÷
÷ ÷
÷
| |
= = ÷ = ÷ =
|
\ .
} } } } } }

6)
Capi t ul o 6

( )
( )
( ) ( )
( )
( )
( ) ( )
2 2 2
2
2
2 4 8 2 4 2 4
2
0 0 0 0 0 0 0
4
3
2
2
0
0
3
2
2 2 2 2
2 2
0 0 0
2
3 4
2 2
2
2
0
8 1
64 16
2 2
1
64 8
2 3
4
1 1 1
64 4 8 4
2 2 2 3
2 4 4
272
8 4
3 48 3
x z x x
x
z xdzdx
xydydzdx z z xdzdx
z
x z z dx
x xdx
x xdx x xdx
x x
x
÷ ÷ ÷ ÷
÷
÷
= = ÷ + =
| |
÷ + =
|
\ .
÷
÷ ÷ ÷ + =
(
÷ ÷
(
÷ ÷ + =
(
¸ ¸
} } } } } } }
}
} } }

7)
( )
2 2 2 2
2 2
2 4 4 2 4
2 2
2 4 0 2 4
2
3
2
2
2 2 2
2
0 0 0
0
4
4
16
4
3 3
x x y x
x x
dzdydx x y dydx
r
r rdrd
 

÷ ÷ ÷ ÷
÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷
= ÷ ÷ =
(
÷
(
÷ = =
(
(
¸ ¸
} } } } }
} } }

8)
( ) ( )( )
4 2 8 4 2
0 2 8 0 0
1 1 16 2 112
z
z
x dzdydx x z dzdx
÷
÷ ÷
÷ = ÷ ÷ =
} } } } }

9)
2 2 2
1 2 1 1 1
2 4
0 2 0 0 0
1
2 5
0
4 2 2
3
2
2 5 5
x y x x
x x y x
dzdydx ydydx y dx x x dx
x x
÷
( ( = = = ÷ =
¸ ¸ ¸ ¸
(
÷ =
(
¸ ¸
} } } } } } }

10)
Capi t ul o 6

( )
( ) ( )
2 2
2
3
2 2 2 2 2
2 2 2
0 0 0 0 0 0
0
2
3 4
3 4
2
2 3
0
0
3
2 2 2 8
2
3 3 4 12 3
x
x x y x
y
dzdydx x y dydx x y dx
x x x x
x x dx
÷
÷ + ÷ | |
= + = + =
|
\ .
| | | |
÷ ÷
÷ + = ÷ ÷ = | |
| |
\ . \ .
} } } } } }
}

11)
( )
( )
( )
( ) ( )
2 2 2 2 2 2
2
0 0 0 0 0 0
2
2
0
1 1 2
ln 3 ln 1
3 1 3
1
4 4
ln3 ln 1 ln 1 ln 3
6 3
x x y x
dzdydx x
dydx x dx
x y
x y z
x x
x x x x x
÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ (
÷ (
= ÷ ÷ = ÷ ÷ + + =
(
(
+ +
¸ ¸ + + +
¸ ¸
( ÷
÷ ÷ + + + + ÷ = ÷
(
¸ ¸
} } } } } }

12)
2
2 3 2
0 0 0 0 0 0
2
2
6
2 2 2cos
3 6
6
6
y
ysenyzdzdydx dydx sen dx
sen
  
  
 

| |
| |
= ÷ = ÷ =
| |
\ .
\ .
| |
÷
|
\ .
} } } } } }

13)
( ) ( )
2 2
2
2 2
2 2 2 2 2
2
0 0 0 0 0 0
2 2
1
2 4 16 4
y
y z z zdz z
yzdydz
zdxdydz
÷ ÷ ÷ ÷
= = = ÷ =
} } } } } }

14)
( ) ( )
2 1 5 2 1 2
2 2 2
1 0 3 1 0 1
1 68
8 8
2 3
y x zdzdydx y x dydx x dx
÷
| |
+ = + = + =
|
\ .
} } } } } }

15)
( )
2 2
2
6
2 4 2 4 2
3 3 2 4
0 0 0 0 0 0
0
1 1 1 8
4
2 2 2 6 3
x x x
x
xydydzdx x dzdx x x dx x
÷ ÷ | |
= = ÷ = ÷ =
|
\ .
} } } } } }

16)
Capi t ul o 6

( )
2 2
3
2
2
2 2 2 2 2
0 0 0 0 0 0
2
5 7
3
0
2
2 2
2 3
1 6 128 2
8 4
3 5 7 105
x y x x dy
y dydx
zdzdydx
x x
x x
÷ ÷ ÷
= = =
( | |
÷ + ÷ =
( |
\ . ¸ ¸
} } } } } }

6. 7)
1)
( )
( ) ( )
2
2 1 4 2 1 2
3 3 2
0 0 0 0 0 0
1
3 5
3 5
2 2
2 2
2 2
2 2
0 0
0
4 4 4 2 4
4 4 4
4 1 256 44 3
4
3 5 2 3 5 15 5
r
r dzdrd r r drd u udud
r r
u u
d d
  
 
  
 
÷
= ÷ = ÷ =
(
(
÷ ÷
(
(
÷ ÷ = ÷ = ÷
(
(
(
(
¸ ¸
¸ ¸
} } } } } } }
} }

2)
( )
2 2
2 2
2 2 4 2 2 4
2 2 2
0 0 4 0 0 4
256
2 8
15
r r
r r
r dzdrd r r drd
 

 
÷ ÷
÷ ÷
= ÷ =
} } } } } }

3)
2 2
2 2
2 4 2 4
2 4 2 4
128
3
x x y y
x x y y
dzdydx dzdydx
÷ ÷
÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷
+ =
} } } } } }

4)
5)
2
2
2
2 2 5
0 0
4
4 5
1
5
cos 0
r
r
z z
z
z
dzrdrd

 
÷
+ =
=
= ÷
=
} } }

6)
Capi t ul o 6

2
2
2
4
2 2 2 2
2
4
0 0 5 0 0
4 5
1
5
1 16
5
2 16 3
r
r
z z
z
z
r
zrdzdrd r rdzdrd
 

 
÷
÷ + =
= ÷
=
| | ÷
= ÷ + =
|
\ .
} } } } }

7)
2
2
2
2 2 5
0 0
4
4 5
1
5
0
r
r
z z
z
z
sen dzrdrd

 
÷
+ =
=
= ÷
=
} } }

8)
2
2
2
4
2 2 5 2 2
2
0 0 0 0
4
4 5
1
5
1 16
5
2 16 3
r
r
z z
z
z
r
zrdzdrd r rdzdrd
 

 
÷
+ =
=
= ÷
| |
= ÷ ÷ =
|
\ .
} } } } }

9)
2 3
4
0 0 0
972
5
sen d d d
 

     =
} } }

10)
( ) 2 3
4
4
0 0
243 2 2
5
sen d d d

    
+
=
} } }

11)
( ) 2 3
4
4
0 0 0
243 2 2
5
sen d d d

    
÷ +
=
} } }

12)
Capi t ul o 6

( ) 2 3
4
4
0 0
2
486 2
2
5
sen d d d

     =
} } }

13)
( )
( )
2
3
2
2 1 4 2 1 2 2
2
0 0 0 0 0 0
4
1 37
4
2 12 6
r r
zrdzdrd r rdrd
  

 
÷ ÷
= ÷ = ÷ =
} } } } } }

14)
2 4
2
0 0 3
148
3
sen d d d
 

     =
} } }

15)
( )
( )
( )
2
2 2 9 2 2 2 2
3 2 3
0 1 0 0 1 0 1
2
5
2
2 3
2
2
2
0
1
1
9 9
2
2 9
1 224 2
6 9 20 5
2 5 5
r
r dzdrd r r drd u u dud
r
r
  

  
÷
= ÷ = ÷ =
| |
÷ | |
|
÷ ÷ = ÷
|
|
|
\ .
|
\ .
} } } } } } }
}

16)
( )
2 2
2
3
3
2 2
2 2 2 3
2 2 2
2 2
3 3
0 0 0 0
8 3
4 4 4
3 27
a a r a
a a
a
a r
a
rdzdrd a r rdzdrd d
  

  
÷
(
÷
(
= ÷ = =
(
(
¸ ¸
} } } } } }
17)
2 2 2
2 3
3 2
0 0 0
9
100
010 1
001
cos 0
u v w
sen d d d
 
     
+ + =
=
=
} } }

18)
Capi t ul o 6

( )
2 2 2
2 1
2
0 0 0
1
00
0 0
00
4
3
u v w
a
b abc
c
abc
sen abc d d d
 

    
+ + =
=
=
} } }

19)
2
2
u x y
v x y
x u v
y u v
= +
= ÷
= +
= ÷

( )
9
2 3
3 9 27 3 9 3
0 1 0 0 1 0
1
1 1 1 27
27 1256
2 2 2 2 3
u
u u
udz dudv u ududv dv
÷ | |
| |
= ÷ = ÷ =
| |
\ .
\ .
} } } } } }

20)
21)
2 3
4 3
0 0 2
1688
15
sen d d d
 

     =
} } }

22)
2 2
3
0 0 1
15 sen d d d
 
      =
} } }

23)
6. 9)
1)
Capi t ul o 6

( ) ( ) ( )
2 0.5 1 0.5 3 3
0 0 0
210 3 6 2
013
3 2 6 0 2 0 0
3 6 2 6 0
1.5 3 3
0.5 1
1
x x y
i jk
i j k
x y z
x y z
z x y
y x
dzdydx
÷ ÷ + +
= ÷ +
÷ ÷ ÷ + ÷ =
÷ + ÷ =
= ÷ + +
= ÷
=
} } }

2)
3)
( )
2 2 4 2 16 2 2
0 0 0 0 0
4 cos 2 16 64
x y
rdzdrd r rsen rdrd
 
    
÷ ÷ +
= ÷ ÷ + =
} } } } }

4)

( )
2
2 2
4
2 2 8 2 2
3 2
2 2 2
0 0 0 0 0 0
0
2 2 2
8 4 4 2
2 2 2 4
r
r
r dzdrd r r drd r drd
  
   
÷ | | | |
= ÷ = ÷ =
|
|
|
\ . \ .
} } } } } }

5)

2
2 4
0 0 0
128
r
rdzdrd

  =
} } }

6)
2
2 1
0 0
6
r
r
rdzdrd

 =
} } }

7)
Capi t ul o 6

( )
2
1
3
2
2
2 1 9 2 1 2
2
0 0 0 0 0 0
`0
9
32 2
9 18
3 3
r r
rdzdrd r rdrd d
  
   
÷
(
÷ | |
(
= ÷ = ÷ = ÷
|
( |
\ .
(
¸ ¸
} } } } } }

8)
( )
( )
( )
2
4
2
1 1 4 1 4 1
0 0 1 0 0 0
0
1
3
2
1
0
0
4 1 4 1
2
8 1 16
8 4 1 8
3 3
x x
z
y
dxdydz y z dydz y y z dz
z
z dz z
÷ ÷
÷
| |
= ÷ ÷ ÷ = ÷ ÷ ÷ =
|
\ .
| |
÷
|
÷ ÷ = + =
|
|
\ .
} } } } } }
}

9)
0 0 0 0 0
2
0
2 3
b c c b
a b x c x y a b x
a a b a
a
c c
dzdydx c x y dydx
a b
bx cx bx c b abc
c b b b dx
a a a b a
÷ ÷ ÷ ÷
| |
= ÷ ÷ =
|
\ .
| |
| | | | | |
÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ = |
| | |
|
\ . \ . \ .
\ .
} } } } }
}

10)
( ) ( )
2 2
2 3 9 2 3 9 2 3 2 3
2 2
0 2 2 1 0 5 2 0 2 2 0 5
3 3
3 3
2 2
2 2 2
2 2
2
0 0
2 2 5
9 9
9 9
20
3 2 3 3
r r
rdzdrd rdzdrd r rdrd r rdrd
r r
r
d r d
   
 
   

 
÷ ÷
÷ = ÷ ÷ ÷ =
( (
÷ ÷
( (
÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ =
( (
( (
¸ ¸ ¸ ¸
} } } } } } } } } }
} }

11)
2 4 9 cos
0 0 2
112
r
rdzdrd
 
 
÷
=
} } }

12)
2 2 cos 4
0 0 0
2
4 2
2
r
r dzdrd
 
 
+ | |
=
|
|
\ .
} } }

13)

Capi t ul o 6

2 2 2 2
2 2
2 4 3
5 2 4
x y x y
x y
+ = ÷ ÷
+ =

2 2
2 2
2 2 4 3
0 0 2
10 4 10
10 5
x y
x y
r dzdrd

÷ ÷
+
| |
=
|
|
\ .
} } }

14)
2 2 2 2
2 2
4 2
3 2 4
x y x y
x y
+ = ÷ ÷
+ =
2 2
2 2
2 2 4 2
0 0
6 4 6
6 3
x y
x y
r dzdrd

÷ ÷
+
| |
=
|
|
\ .
} } }

15)
2 9 100
0 0 2
7938 rdzdrd

  =
} } }

16)
2 4 4
0 0
64
3
r
rdzdrd

 =
} } }

17)
2 1 4 1
0 0 0
3
rsen
rdzdrd
 
 
+ ÷
=
} } }

18)
( )
2 4 4 2 4
1 2 1 1 2
3 5
x x y x
dzdydx x y dydx
÷ ÷ ÷ ÷
= ÷ ÷ =
} } } } }

19)
2 2
2 2
2 4 2 4
2 4 2 4
128
3
x x y y
x x y y
dzdydx dzdydx
÷ ÷
÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷
+ =
} } } } } }

Capi t ul o 6