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List of Biosphere Reserves

Biosphere reserves of India (area wise) Area (km)

Year

Name

Location

State

Type

Indian part of Gulf of 1 1989 Gulf of Mannar Mannar between India and Sri Lanka

Tamil Nadu

Coasts

10500

2 1989 Sunderbans

Part of delta of Ganges Gangetic and Barahamaputra river West Bengal Delta system Parts of Chamoli District, Pithoragarh District & Uttranchal Almora District

9630

3 1988 Nanda Devi

West 5860 Himalayas

Part of Wynad, Nagarhole, Bandipur and Tamil Nadu, Nilgiri Biosphere Mudumalai, Nilambur, Kerala and 4 1986 Reserve Silent Valley and Siruvani Karnataka Hills 5 1998 Dehang Debang Pachmarhi 6 1999 Biosphere Reserve 7 1994 Simlipal Part of Siang and Debang Arunachal valley Pradesh Parts of Betul District, Madhya Hoshangabad District Pradesh and Chhindwara District Part of Mayurbhanj district Orissa

Western Ghats

5520

East 5112 Himalayas

Nationa l Parks, Wildlif e Sanctua Ne ries and xt Biosphe re Reserve s in India

Semi-Arid 4926

Deccan 4374 Peninsula

Achanakamar 8 2005 Amarkantak

Madhya Part of Annupur, Dindori Pradesh, and Bilaspur districts Chattisgarh Part of Kokrajhar, Bongaigaon, Barpeta, Nalbari, Kamrup and Darrang District Parts of Kanchanjunga

3835

9 1989 Manas

Assam

East 2837 Himalayas

10 2000 Kanchanjunga

Sikkim

East

2620

Hills Agasthyamalai 11 2001 Biosphere Reserve Great Nicobar 12 1989 Biosphere Reserve 13 1988 Nokrek Neyyar, Peppara and Shenduruny Wildlife Sanctuary and their adjoining areas

Himalayas

Kerala

Western ghats

1701

Southern most islands of Andaman and Andaman and Nicobar Nicobar Islands Islands Islands Part of Garo Hills Meghalaya

885

East 820 Himalayas East 765 Himalayas

14 1997 Dibru-Saikhowa

Part of Dibrugarh District Assam and Tinsukia District

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_protected_areas_of_India Read more: http://wiki.answers.com/Q/List_all_the_wildlife_Sanctuary_national_Park_biosphere_ reserve_in_India#ixzz1uSshH2PJ

Back Introduction Even before the Indian independence, sanctuaries had been created in the form of shooting blocks, game reserves or hunting reserves by the provisional governments or by the native rulers in their respective areas. In 1936, the first National Park in India was created and named as the Hailey National Park, now called the Corbett National Park, in Uttaranchal. The sections 18 to 34 of the Indian Constitution deal with Sanctuaries, section 35 deals with National Parks and section 38 empowers the Central Government to declare areas as Sanctuaries or National Parks (Negi, S.S., 1991).

National Parks
The term National Park' should denote an area: which is, set aside for the protection and conservation of outstanding natural fauna, flora, geological formations and natural scenic; in which hunting, killing or capturing of fauna, or deprivation of any wild animal of its habitat, or destruction and collection of flora, and weapons are all prohibited except for the improvement and a better management of wildlife therein, and on condition that these issues are handled by, or are under the control of, the park authorities; where also, grazing [of any live-stock] shall not be permitted.

No alteration of the boundaries of a National Park shall be made except on the resolution passed by the legislature of the State (Wildlife Protection Society of India, 2003., Thane Riney, 1982). Declaration of National Parks Whenever it appears to the State Government that an area, whether within a Sanctuary or not, is, by reason of its ecological, faunal, floral, geomorphological or zoological assosiation or importance, needed to be constituted as a National Park for the purpose of protecting, propagating or developing wild life therein or its environment, it may, by notification, declare its intention to constitute that area as a National Park. (Sub section (1) of section 35). [Provided that where any part of the territorial waters is proposed to be included in such National Park, the provisions of section 26-A shall apply in relation to the declaration of a National Park. Provided further that the limits of the area of the territorial waters to be included in the sanctuary shall be determined in consultation with the Chief Naval Hydrographer of the Central Government (Wildlife Protection Society of India, 2003).] List of National Parks in India Area of park (sq km) 1.42 14.59 3.60 353.62 483.00 1,985.23 340.00 471.71 500.00 200.00 78.80 335.65 1,258.37 200.00 1,471.13 Date of establishment 1994 1994 1994 1989 1986 1983 1999 1974 1990 1998 1999 1989 1981 1982 1981

S.No. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9

Name Kasu Brahmananda Reddy Mahaveer Harina Vanasthali Mrugavani Sri Venkateswara Mouling Naldapha Dibru-Saikhowa Kaziranga Manas

District Hyderabad Hyderabad Hyderabad Chittor & Cuddapah Upper Siang Changlang Tinsukia & Dibrugarh Golaghat & Nagaon Barpeta & Bongaigaon Sonitpur Darrang & Sonitpur Pashchim Champaran Dantewada Kanker Surguja, Koria

State Andhra Pradesh Andhra Pradesh Andhra Pradesh Andhra Pradesh Arunachal Pradesh Arunachal Pradesh Assam Assam Assam Asam Assam Bihar Chhattishgarh Chhattishgarh Chhattishgarh

10 Nameri 11 Orang 12 Valmiki 13 Indravati 14 Kangerghati 15 Sanjay

16 Mollem 17 Bansda 18 Gir Marine (Gulf of 19 Kachchh) 20 Blackbuck 21 Kalesar 22 Sultanpur 23 Great Himalayan 24 Pin Valley 25 City Forest (Salim Ali)

107.00 23.99 258.71 162.89 34.08 46.82 1.43 754.40 675.00 9.07 141.00 4,100.00 400.00 231.67 250.00 874.20 104.27 600.32 643.39 7.5 97.00 12.82 1.318 350.00 89.52 448.85 0.27 940.00 375.22 542.67 292.85 466.88 585.17

1978 1979 1975 1980 1976 2003 1989 1984 1987 1992 1981 1981 1981 1986 1987 1974 1974 1987 1983 2003 1978 2003 2003 1982 1984 1982 1983 1955 1959 1973 1975 1981 1981

North Goa Valsad Junagadh Jamnagar Bhavnagar Yamuna Nagar Gurgaon Kullu Lahul & Spiti Srinagar Srinagar Ladakh Doda

Goa Gujarat Gujarat Gujarat Gujarat Haryana Haryana Himachal Pradesh Himachal Pradesh Jammu & Kashmir Jammu & Kashmir Jammu & Kashmir Jammu & Kashmir Jharkhand Karnataka Karnataka Karnataka

26 Dachigam 27 Hemis 28 Kistwar 29 30 31 32 Betla Anshi Bandipur Bannerghatta

33 Kudremukh 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 Nagarahole (Rajiv Gandhi) Anamudi Eravikulam Mathikettan Shola Pambadum Shola Periyar Silent Valley

Palamau Uttara kannada Chamarajanagar Bangalore Chikmagalur & Karnataka Dakshin Kannada Mysore & Kodagu Karnataka Idukki Idukki Idukki Palakhad Kerala Kerala kerala kerala Kerala Kerala Madhya Umaria & Jabalpur Pradesh Madhya Mandla Pradesh Mandla & Madhya Balaghat Pradesh Madhya Shivpuri Pradesh Panna & Madhya Chhatarpur Pradesh Seoni & Madhya Chhindwara Pradesh Madhya Sidhi Pradesh Madhya Hoshangabad Pradesh

41 Bandhavgarh 42 Fossil 43 Kanha 44 Madhav 45 Panna 46 Pench (Priyadarshini) 47 Sanjay 48 Satpura

49 Van Vihar 50 Gugamal 51 Nawegaon 52 Pench Sanjay Gandhi 53 (Borivilli) 54 Tadoba 55 Keibul-Lamjao 56 Balphakram 57 Nokrek 58 Murlen Phawngpui Blue 59 Mountain 60 Intanki 61 Bhitarkanika 62 Simlipal 63 Darrah 64 Desert 65 Keoladeo Ghana 66 Ranthambore 67 Sariska 68 Khangchendzonga 69 Guindy Gulf of Mannar 70 Marine Indira Gandhi 71 (Annamalai) 72 Mudumalai 73 Mukurthi 74 Corbett 75 Gangotri 76 Govind 77 Nanda Devi 78 Rajaji 79 80 81 82 83 84 Valley of Flowers Dudhwa Buxa Gorumara Neora Valley Singhalila

4.45 361.28 133.88 257.26 86.96 116.55 40.00 220.00 47.48 200.00 50.00 202.02 145.00 845.70 265.8 3,162.00 28.73 392.00 273.80 1,784.00 2.82 6.23 117.10 103.24 78.46 520.82 1,552.00 472.08 630.00 820.00 87.50 490.00 117.10 79.45 88.00 78.60 1,330.10

1979 1987 1975 1975 1983 1955 1977 1986 1986 1991 1997 1993 1988 1986 2003 1980 1981 1980 1992 1977 1976 1980 1989 1990 1990 1936 1989 1990 1982 1983 1982 1977 1992 1994 1986 1986 1984

Bhopal

Amravati Bhandara & Maharashtra Gondia Nagpur Maharashtra Thane & MumbaiMaharashtra Suburban Chandrapur Maharashtra Bishnupur Manipur South Garo Hills Meghalaya East, West & Meghalaya South Garo Hills Champhai Mizoram Chhimtuipui (E) Mizoram

Madhya Pradesh Maharashtra

Dimapur Nagaland Kendrapara Orissa Mayurbhanj Orissa Kota Rajasthan Barmer & Rajasthan Jaisalmer Bharatpur Rajasthan Sawai Madhopur Rajasthan Alwar Rajasthan North & West Sikkim Sikkim Chennai Tamil Nadu Ramanathpuram & Tamil Nadu Tuticorin Coimbatore Tamil Nadu

85 Sunderbans

Nilgiris Tamil Nadu Nilgiris Tamil Nadu Nainital & Uttaranchal Garhwal (Pauri) Uttarkashi Uttaranchal Uttarkashi Uttaranchal Chamoli Uttaranchal Dehradun, Garhwal & Uttaranchal Haridwar Chamoli Uttaranchal Lakhimpur Kheri Uttar pradesh Jalpaiguri West Bengal Jalpaiguri West Bengal Darjeeling West Bengal Darjeeling West Bengal North & South 24West Bengal Paraganas

Union Territories 86 Campbell Bay 87 Galathea 88 Mahatama Gandhi Marine 429.00 110.00 281.50 0.64 46.62 0.44 256.14 32.54 0.03 1992 1992 1983 1979 1979 1979 1996 1979 1977 Andaman Andaman Andaman Andaman Andaman Andaman Andaman Andaman Andaman Andaman & Nicobar Islands Andaman & Nicobar Islands Andaman & Nicobar Islands Andaman & Nicobar Islands Andaman & Nicobar Islands Andaman & Nicobar Islands Andaman & Nicobar Islands Andaman & Nicobar Islands Andaman & Nicobar Islands

89 Middle Button Island 90 Mount Harriett 91 North Button Island 92 Rani Jhansi Marine 93 Saddle Peak 94 South Button Island

Sanctuary
The term Sanctuary' should denote an area: which is, set aside for the conservation, protection and management of wildlife and its habitat; within which, destruction or damage, exploitation, weapons, hunting and grazing, are all prohibited except by, or under the direction or control of, the reserve authorities; where human settlement and other human activities are restricted and prohibited. No alteration of the boundaries of a sanctuary shall be made except on a resolution passed by the Legislature of the State (Wildlife Protection Society of India, 2003., Thane Riney, 1982). Declaration of Sanctuary The State Government may, by notification, declare its intention under sub-section (1) of section 18 to constitute any area other than an area comprised within any reserve forest or the territorial waters as a sanctuary if it considers that such area is of adequate ecological, faunal, floral, geomorphiological, natural or zoological significance, for the purpose of protecting, propagating or developing wild life or its environment. [Provided further that limits of the area of territorial waters to be included in the sanctuary shall be determined in consultation with the Chief Naval Hydrographer of the Central Government.] (Section 26-A, Wildlife Protection Society of India, 2003). List of Sanctuaries in India

S.No. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Coringa

Name

Area of Date of sanctuary establishment (sq km) 235.70 806.15 1,194.00 70 357.60 893.00 656.00 673.00 194.80 36.29 20.00 1978 1973 1990 2002 1990 1965 1977 1963 1989 1978 1978

District East Godavari

State

Eturnagaram Gundla Brahmeswaram Kambalakonda Kaundinya Kawal Kinnersani Kolleru Krishna Lanja Madugu Sivaram

11 Manjira NagarjunasagarSrisailam

12

3,568.09

1978

13 Nellapattu 14 Pakhal 15 Papikonda 16 Pocharam 17 Pranahita 18 Pulicat Lake 19 Rollapadu Sri Lankamalleswaram Sri Penusila 21 Narasimha 20 22 Sri Venkateswara

4.40 879.30 591.00 130.00 136.02 500.00 6.14 464.42 1,030.85 153.32

1976 1952 1978 1952 1980 1976 1988 1988 1997 1985

Andhra Pradesh Warangal & Andhra Karimnagar Pradesh Kurnool, Andhra Prakasham Pradesh Andhra Pradesh Andhra Chittoor Pradesh Andhra Adilabad Pradesh Andhra Khammam Pradesh Andhra West Godavari Pradesh Andhra Krishna & Guntur Pradesh Adilabad & Andhra Karimnagar Pradesh Andhra Medak Pradesh Guntur, Prakasham, Andhra Kurnool, Nalgonda Pradesh & Mahboobnagar Andhra Nellore Pradesh Andhra Warangal Pradesh East & West Andhra Godavari and Pradesh Khammam Medak & Andhra Nizamabad Pradesh Andhra Adilabad Pradesh Andhra Nellore Pradesh Andhra Kurnool Pradesh Andhra Cuddapah Pradesh Andhra Nellore, Cuddapah Pradesh Chittoor, Andhra Cuddapah Pradesh

23

D'Ering Memorial (Lali)

190.00 4,149.00 217.00 140.30 783.00 55.00 281.50 861.95 100.00 337.00 491.62 78.64 326.25 11.248 26.22 44.06 45.56 111.19 4.14 221.81 6.05 20.98 96 70.13 451.00 37.00 97.15 33.93 38.81 7.21 220.00 1.96 681.99 259.50 63.11

1978 1991 1989 1978 1989 1991 1980 1977 1989 1995 1996 2004 2004 1996 1980 1995 1994 2004 1989 2000 1952 1997 2000 1974 2003 2000 2003 1999 1999 1999 1998 1997 1976 1976 1989

East Siang Dibang Valley West Kameng Papum Pare Lohit West Siang Dibang Valley East Kameng West Kameng Lower Subansiri West Siang

24 Dibang 25 Eagle Nest 26 Itanagar 27 Kamlang 28 Kane 29 Mehao 30 Pakhui 31 Sessa Orchid 32 Tale Valley 33 Yordi-Rabe Supse 34 Amchang 35 Barail 36 Bardoibum-Beelmukh 37 Barnodi 38 Burachapori 39 Chakrasila 40 Dihing Patkai 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 Diparbeel East Karbi Anglong Garampani Gibbon North Karbi Anglong Laokhowa Marat Longri Nambor Nambor Doigrung Panidihing Pabitora Padumani-BherjanBorajan Sonai-Rupai Barela Salim Ali Zubba saheni Bhimbandh Gautam Budha Kanwarjheel

Guwahati Barak Valley DhemajiAssam Lakhimpur Darrang Assam Sonitpur Assam Dhubri Assam Dibrugarh, Assam Tinsukia Kamrup Assam Karbi-Anglong Assam Karbi-Anglong Assam Jorhat Assam Karbi-Anglong Assam Nagaon Assam Karbi-Anglong Assam Assam Karbi-Anglong Assam Sibsagar Assam Marigaon Assam Tinsukia Sonitpur Vaishali Munger Gaya Begusarai Assam Assam Bihar Bihar Bihar Bihar

Arunachal Pradesh Arunachal Pradesh Arunachal Pradesh Arunachal Pradesh Arunachal Pradesh Arunachal Pradesh Arunachal Pradesh Arunachal Pradesh Arunachal Pradesh Arunachal Pradesh Arunachal Pradesh Assam Assam

58 59 60 61 62

Kaimur Nagi Dam Nakti Dam Rajgir Udaypur

1,342.00 7.91 3.32 35.84 8.74 544.67 50 551.55 104.45 244.66 138.95 277.91 262.12 430.35 553.36 608.51 247.60 8.00 1.78 85.65 208.00 133.00 211.00 542.08 192.31 3.33 1,153.42 6.54 180.66 130.38 2.03 7,506.22 6.05 295.03 120.82 444.23 39.63 0.09 160.84 15.01 55.65 607.70

1982 1987 1987 1978 1978 1978 1990 1975 1975 1976 1983 1975 1985 1978 1974 1978 1983 1969 1988 1969 1999 1967 1999 1989 1979 1988 1965 1980 1978 1990 1992 1986 1981 1980 1969 1981 1989 1988 1990 1988 1982 1982

63 Valmiki 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 Vikaramshila Gangetic Dolphin Achanakmar Badalkhol Barnawapara Bhairamgarh Gomardha Pamed Semarsot Sitanadi Tamorpingla Udanti Bondla Chorao Island Cotigao Madei Mollem Netravali Balaram Ambaji

Rohtas Jamui Jamui Nalanda Pashchim Pashchim champaran Bhagalpur Bilaspur Jashpur Raipur Dantewada Raigarh Dantewada Ambikapur Dhamtari Ambikapur Raipur North Goa North Goa South Goa North Goa North Goa South Goa Banaskantha Jamnagar & Porbandar Jamnagar

Bihar Bihar Bihar Bihar Bihar Bihar Bihar Chhattishgarh Chhattishgarh Chhattishgarh Chhattishgarh Chhattishgarh Chhattishgarh Chhattishgarh Chhattishgarh Chhattishgarh Chhattishgarh Goa Goa Goa Goa Goa Goa Gujarat Gujarat Gujarat

82 Barda 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 Gaga Great Indian Bustard Gir Hingolgarh Nature Education Jessore Jumbogodha Lala Great Indian Bustard Kachchh Desert Khijadiya Marine (Gulf of Kachchh)

Junagadh & Amreli Gujarat Rajkot Banaskantha Godhra Kachchh Kachchh Jamnagar Jamnagar Ahmadabad & Surendranagar Kachchh Amreli Porbandar Dangs Rajkot Dahod Bharuch Gujarat Gujarat Gujarat Gujarat Gujarat Gujarat Gujarat Gujarat Gujarat Gujarat Gujarat Gujarat Gujarat Gujarat Gujarat

92 Nal Sarovar 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 Narayana Sarovar Paniya Porbandar Lake Purna Rampura Vidi Ratanmahal Shoolpaneswar

100 Thol Lake 101 Wild Ass 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 Abubshehar Bhindawas Bir Bara Ban Bir Shikargarh Chhilchila Kalesar Khaparwas Kho-Hi-Raitan Nahar

6.99 4,953.71 115.30 4.12 4.19 6.67 0.29 100.28 0.83 22.27 2.11 44.53 41.32 108.54 56.15 167.00 140.00 943.98 108.85 100.34 14.19 61.00 54.00 14.05 1,400.50 378.86 30.89 40.00 31.80

1988 1973 1987 1986 1991 1987 1986 1992 1991 2004 1987 1988 1974 1976 1985 1974 1974 1994 1974 1962 1954 1949 1954 1954 1992 1962 1962 1974 1954

111 Saraswati Plantation 112 Bandli 113 Chail 114 Churdhar 115 Daranghati 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 Darlaghat Dhauladhar Gamgul Siahbehi Govind Sagar Kais Kalatop-Khajjiar Kanawar Khokhan Kibber Kugti Lippa Asrang Majathal Manali

Mahesana Kachchh, Rajkot, Mahesana, Patan, Banaskantha, & Surendranagar Sirsa Rohtak Jind Panchkula Kaithal Yamuna Nagar Jhajjar Panchkula Rewari Kurukshetra & Kaithal Mandi Solan Sirmaur Shimla Solan Kangra Chamba Bilaspur Kullu Chamba Kullu Kullu Lahul & Spiti Chamba Kinnaur Solan Kullu

Gujarat Gujarat Haryana Haryana Haryana Haryana Haryana Haryana Haryana Haryana Haryana Haryana Himachal Pradesh Himachal Pradesh Himachal Pradesh Himachal Pradesh Himachal Pradesh Himachal Pradesh Himachal Pradesh Himachal Pradesh Himachal Pradesh Himachal Pradesh Himachal Pradesh Himachal Pradesh Himachal Pradesh Himachal Pradesh Himachal Pradesh Himachal Pradesh Himachal Pradesh

129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153

Naina Devi Nargu Pong Lake Renuka Rupi Bhaba Sainj Sangla (Raksham Chitkul) Sechu Tuan Nala Shikari Devi Shilli Shimla Water Catchment Simbalbara Talra Tirthan Tundah Baltal-Thajwas Changthang Gulmarg Hirapora Hokersar Jasrota Karakoram Lachipora Limber Nandini

123.00 278.37 307.29 4.02 269.00 90.00 650.00 102.95 72.00 2.13 10.25 19.03 26.00 61.12 64.22 210.50 4,000.00 180.00 114.50 13.75 10.04 5,000.00 93.50 43.75 13.50

1962 1974 1983 1964 1982 1994 1989 1974 1974 1974 1958 1958 1962 1976 1975 1987 1987 1987 1987 1992 1987 1987 1987 1987 1981

Bilaspur Mandi Kangra Sirmaur Kinnaur Kullu Kinnaur Chamba Mandi Solan Shimla Sirmaur Shimla Kullu Chamba Srinagar Ladakh Baramula Pulwama Srinagar Kathua Kargil Baramula Baramula Jammu

Himachal Pradesh Himachal Pradesh Himachal Pradesh Himachal Pradesh Himachal Pradesh Himachal Pradesh Himachal Pradesh Himachal Pradesh Himachal Pradesh Himachal Pradesh Himachal Pradesh Himachal Pradesh Himachal Pradesh Himachal Pradesh Himachal Pradesh Jammu & Kashmir Jammu & Kashmir Jammu & Kashmir Jammu & Kashmir Jammu & Kashmir Jammu & Kashmir Jammu & Kashmir Jammu & Kashmir Jammu & Kashmir Jammu & Kashmir

154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171

Overa Overa-Aru Ramnagar Rakha Surinsar Mansar Trikuta Dalma Hazaribagh Koderma Lawalong Mahauaduar Palamau Palkot Parasnath Topchanchi Udhwa Lake Adichunchanagiri Arabithittu Attiveri

32.00 425.00 12.75 39.13 31.73 193.22 186.25 177.95 207.00 63.25 794.33 183.00 49.33 8.75 5.65 0.84 13.50 2.22 492.46 539.53 181.29 510.51 843.16 55.87 29.78 0.74 49.82 247.00 30.32 102.92 119 0.67 431.23 359.60 88.40 105.59 55.00 90.00 90.44 70.00 0.027 128.00 285.00

1981 1987 1981 1981 1981 1976 1976 1985 1978 1976 1976 1990 1984 1978 1991 1981 1985 1994 1974 1974 1974 1987 1956 1992 1974 1989 1974 1974 1974 1987 1974 1940 1972 1974 1974 1987 1984 1984 1984 1976 2004 1958 1973

Anantnag Anantnag Jammu Udhampur Udhampur Singhbhum East Hazaribagh Hazaribagh Chatra Palamau Palamau Gumla Giridih Dhanbad Sahebganj Mandya Mysore Uttara Kannada Chikmagalur & Shimoga Chamarajanagar Kodagu Bangalore & Mandya Uttara Kannada Dharwad Belgaum Shimoga Mandya Dakshin Kannada Mysore Kodagu Dharwad Mysore Shimoga Shimoga Dakshin Kannada Kodagu Kannur Trichur Idukki Idukki Thiruvananthapuram Palakhad

Jammu & Kashmir Jammu & Kashmir Jammu & Kashmir Jammu & Kashmir Jammu & Kashmir Jharkhand Jharkhand Jharkhand Jharkhand Jharkhand Jharkhand Jharkhand Jharkhand Jharkhand Jharkhand Karnataka Karnataka Karnataka Karnataka Karnataka Karnataka Karnataka Karnataka Karnataka Karnataka Karnataka Karnataka Karnataka Karnataka Karnataka Karnataka Karnataka Karnataka Karnataka Karnataka Karnataka Kerala Kerala Kerala Kerala Kerala Kerala Kerala

172 Bhadra 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 Biligiri Rangaswamy Temple Brahmagiri Cauvery Dandeli Doraji Bear Ghataprabha Gudavi Melkote Temple Mookambika Nugu Pushpagiri Ranebennur Ranganathittu Sharavathi Valley Shettihalli Someshwara Talakaveri Aralam Chimmony Chinnar Idukki Mangalavanam Bird Neyyar Parambikulam

197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211

Peechi-Vazhani Peppara Periyar Shendurney Thattekadu Wayanad Bagdara Bori Gandhi Sagar Ghatigaon Karera Ken Gharial Kheoni Narsinghgarh National Chambal

125.0 53.00 777.00 100.32 25.16 344.44 478.00 485.72 368.62 511.00 202.21 45.20 122.70 57.18 435.00 1,194.67 44.91 417.78 344.68 68.14 245.84 118.47 110.74 2.34 823.84 12.96 364.59 348.12 287.91 83.60 23.9 127.11 509.27 82.94 104.38 130.78 61.00 308.97 134.78 2.17 205.23 260.61 8,496.44

1958 1983 1950 1984 1983 1973 1978 1977 1981 1981 1981 1981 1982 1978 1978 1984 1994 1977 1981 1979 1983 1975 1983 1989 1978 1983 1975 1983 1976 1981 1997 1997 1986 1986 1997 1985 1970 1985 1986 1980 1997 1986 1979

212 Nauradehi 213 214 215 216 217 Orcha Pachmarhi Palpur-Kuno Panna Panpatha

218 Pench 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 Phen Ralamandal Ratapani Sailana Sanjay Dubri Sardarpur Singhori

226 Son Gharial 227 228 229 230 231 Veerangna Durgawati Amba-Barwa Andhari Aner Dam Bhamragarh

232 Bhimashankar 233 Bor 234 Chandoli 235 Chaprala 236 Deulagaon-Rekhuri 237 Dhyanganga 238 Gautala 239 Great Indian Bustard

Trichur Kerala Thiruvananthapuram Kerala Idukki Kerala Thiruvananthapuram Kerala Idukki Kerala Wayanad Kerala Sidhi Madhya Pradesh Hoshangabad Madhya Pradesh Mandsaur Madhya Pradesh Gwalior Madhya Pradesh Shivpuri Madhya Pradesh Panna & Chhatarpur Madhya Pradesh Dewas & Sehore Madhya Pradesh Rajgarh Madhya Pradesh Morena & Bhind Madhya Pradesh Damoh, Sagar & Madhya Pradesh Narsimhapur Tikamgarh Madhya Pradesh Hoshangabad Madhya Pradesh Morena Madhya Pradesh Panna Madhya Pradesh Shahdol Madhya Pradesh Seoni & Madhya Pradesh Chhindwara Mandla Madhya Pradesh Indore Madhya Pradesh Raisen Madhya Pradesh Ratlam Madhya Pradesh Sidhi Madhya Pradesh Dhar Madhya Pradesh Raisen Madhya Pradesh Sidhi, Shahdol & Madhya Pradesh Satna Damoh Madhya Pradesh Buldhana Maharashtra Chandrapur Maharashtra Dhule Maharashtra Gadchiroli Maharashtra Thane, Pune & Maharashtra Raigad Wardha & Nagpur Maharashtra Sangali, Satara, Ratnagiri & Maharashtra Kolhapur Gadchiroli Maharashtra Ahmednagar Maharashtra Buldhana Maharashtra Aurangabad & Maharashtra Jalgaon Solapur & Maharashtra

240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250

Jaikwadi Kalsubai Karnala Katepurna Koyana Lonar Marine (Malvan) Mayureshwar Supe Melghat Nagzira Naigaon Mayur Nandur 251 Madhameshwar 252 Narnala 253 Painganga 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 Phansad Radhanagari Sagareshwar Tansa Tipeshwar Tungareshwar Yawal Yedsi Ramlinghat Wan YangoupokpiLokchao Baghmara Pitcher Plant Nongkhyllem Siju Dampa Khawnglung Lengteng Ngengpui Tawi Thorangtlang Pualreng Fakim Puliebadze Rangapahar Badrama Baisipalli Balukhand konark Bhitarkanika Chandaka-Dampara

341.05 361.71 4.48 73.63 423.55 1.17 29.12 5.15 1,150.03 152.81 29.89 100.12 12.35 324.62 69.79 351.16 10.87 304.81 148.63 85 177.52 22.38 211.00 184.80 0.02 29.00 5.18 500.00 41.00 120.00 110.00 35.75 50 50 6.42 9.23 4.7 304.03 168.35 71.72 672.00 175.79 15.53 346.91

1986 1986 1968 1988 1985 2000 1987 1997 1985 1970 1994 1986 1997 1986 1986 1958 1985 1970 1997 2003 1969 1997 1997 1989 1984 1981 1979 1985 1991 1999 1997 2001 2002 2004 1984 1980 1986 1987 1981 1984 1975 1982 1987 1985

Ahmednagar Aurangabad Ahmednagar Raigad (Alibag) Akola Satara Buldhana Sindhudurg Pune Amravati Bhandara Beed Nashik Akola Yawatmal & Nanded Raigad Kolhapur Sangli Thane Yawatmal Jalgaon Osmanabad Amravati Chandel South Garo Hills Ri Bhoi South Garohills Mamit Serchhip Champhai Chhimtuipui (W) Tuensang Kohima Dimapur Sambalpur Nayagarh Puri Kendrapara Khurda & Cuttack Khurda, Puri & Ganjam Sambalpur

Maharashtra Maharashtra Maharashtra Maharashtra Maharashtra Maharashtra Maharashtra Maharashtra Maharashtra Maharashtra Maharashtra Maharashtra Maharashtra Maharashtra Maharashtra Maharashtra Maharashtra Maharashtra Maharashtra Maharashtra Maharashtra Maharashtra Maharashtra Manipur Meghalaya Meghalaya Meghalaya Mizoram Mizoram Mizoram Mizoram Mizoram Mizoram Mizoram Nagaland Nagaland Nagaland Orissa Orissa Orissa Orissa Orissa Orissa Orissa

282 Chilka (Nalaban) 283 Debrigarh

284 Gahirmatha Marine 285 Hadgarh 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 Karlapat Khalasuni Kotagad Kuldiha Lakhari Valley Nandakanan Satkosia Gorge Simlipal Sunabeda Abohar Bir Aishvan Bir Bhadson Bir Bunerheri Bir Dosanjh Bir Gurdialpura Bir Mehaswala Bir Motibagh Harike Lake Takhni Rehampur Bandh Baratha Bassi Bhensrodgarh Jaisamand Jamwa Ramgarh Jawahar Sagar Kela Devi Kesarbagh Kumbhalgarh Mount Abu Nahargarh National Chambal Phulwari Ki Nal Ramgarh Vishdhari Ramsagar Sajjangarh Sariska Sawai Man Singh Shergarh

1,435.00 191.06 147.66 116.00 399.05 272.75 185.87 14.16 745.52 1,354.30 500.00 186.50 4.67 10.23 6.50 5.18 6.20 1.23 6.40 86.00 3.82 192.76 152.90 229.14 52.00 300.00 100.00 676.38 14.76 578.25 288.84 50.00 280.00 511.41 301.00 34.40 5.19 492.00 103.05 98.71 422.94 7.90 495.27 59.93 104.00 51.76

1997 1978 1992 1982 1981 1984 1985 1979 1976 1979 1988 1975 1952 1952 1952 1952 1977 1952 1952 1982 1993 1985 1988 1983 1955 1982 1975 1983 1955 1971 1960 1980 1979 1983 1982 1955 1987 1955 1984 1983 1979 1971 1983 1955 1998 1984

324 Sitamata 325 Tal Chhapper 326 Tadgarh Raoli 327 Van Vihar 328 Barsey Rhododendron 329 Fambong Lho

Kendrapara Keonjhar & Mayurbhanj Kalahandi Sambalpur Phulbani Balesore Gajapati Khurda Angul, Nayagarh, Boudh, & Cuttack Mayurbhanj Nuapada Firozpur Sangrur Patiala Patiala Patiala Patiala Patiala Patiala Firozpur Hoshiarpur Bharatpur Chittaurgarh Chittaurgarh Rajsamand Jaipur Kota Sawai Madhopur Dholpur Udaipur & Pali Sirohi Jaipur Kota Udaipur & Pali Bundi Dholpur Udaipur Alwar Sawai Madhopur Baran Chittaurgarh & Udaipur Churu Ajmer, Pali & Rajsamand Dholpur East Sikkim East Sikkim

Orissa Orissa Orissa Orissa Orissa Orissa Orissa Orissa Orissa Orissa Orissa Punjab Punjab Punjab Punjab Punjab Punjab Punjab Punjab Punjab Punjab Rajasthan Rajasthan Rajasthan Rajasthan Rajasthan Rajasthan Rajasthan Rajasthan Rajasthan Rajasthan Rajasthan Rajasthan Rajasthan Rajasthan Rajasthan Rajasthan Rajasthan Rajasthan Rajasthan Rajasthan Rajasthan Rajasthan Rajasthan Sikkim Sikkim

330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359

Kyongnosla Alpine Maenam Pangolakha Shingba (Rhododendron) Chitrangudi Indira Gandhi (Annamalai) Kalakad Kanjirankulam Karaivetti Karikili KilaselvanurMelaselvanur KuthankulamKadankulam Mudumalai Mundanthurai Point Calimere Pulicat Lake Srivilliputhur Udayamarthandapuram Lake Vaduvoor Vedanthangal Vellanadu Vellode Vettangudi Gumit Rowa Sepahijala Trishna Askot Musk Deer Binsar Govind Pashu Vihar

31.00 35.34 128 43.00 0.48 841.49 223.58 1.04 4.54 0.61 5.93 1.29 217.76 567.38 17.26 153.67 485.20 0.45 1.28 0.30 16.41 0.77 0.38 389.54 0.85 18.53 194.70 593.93 45.59 481.00 957.00 10.82 301.76 28.94 78.00 2,073.00

1984 1987 2002 1984 1989 1976 1976 1989 1999 1984 1998 1994 1942 1977 1967 1980 1988 1998 1996 1925 1987 1997 1977 1988 1988 1987 1987 1986 1988 1955 1972 1993 1987 1990 1957 1986

East Sikkim South Sikkim East Sikkim North Sikkim Ramanathapuram Coimbatore Tirunelveli Ramanathapuram Perambalur Kanchipuram Ramanathapuram Tirunelveli Nilgiris Tirunelveli Nagapattinam Tiruvellore Virdhunagar Tiruvarur Tiruvarur Kanchipuram Tuticorin Erode Siva-Gangai South Tripura North Tripura West Tripura South Tripura Pithoragarh Almora Uttarkashi Chamoli & Rudraprayag Dehradun Garhwal (Pauri) Basti Chandoli Muzzaffarnagar, Meerut, Bijnore, Ghaziabad & Jyotibafuley Nagar Mirzapur & Sonebhadra Bahraich Lakhimpur Kheri Farrukhabad Lalitpur

Sikkim Sikkim Sikkim Sikkim Tamil Nadu Tamil Nadu Tamil Nadu Tamil Nadu Tamil Nadu Tamil Nadu Tamil Nadu Tamil Nadu Tamil Nadu Tamil Nadu Tamil Nadu Tamil Nadu Tamil Nadu Tamil Nadu Tamil Nadu Tamil Nadu Tamil Nadu Tamil Nadu Tamil Nadu Tripura Tripura Tripura Tripura Uttaranchal Uttaranchal Uttaranchal Uttaranchal Uttaranchal Uttaranchal Uttar Pradesh Uttar Pradesh Uttar Pradesh

360 Kedarnath 361 362 363 364 Mussoorie Sonanadi Bakhira Chandraprabha

365 Hastinapur

366 Kaimur 367 368 369 370 Katerniaghat Kishanpur Lake Bahosi Mahavir Swami

500.73 400.69 227.0 80.24 5.41

1982 1976 1972 1988 1977

Uttar Pradesh Uttar Pradesh Uttar Pradesh Uttar Pradesh Uttar Pradesh

371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380

National Chambal Nawabganj Okhala Parvati Aranga Patna Ranipur Saman Samaspur Sandi Sohagibarwa

635.00 2.25 4.00 10.84 1.09 230.31 5.25 7.99 3.09 428.20 452.47 4.03 34.32 7.00 2.62 2.00 0.67 0.64 251.89 9.49 5.95 216.51 0.04 38.00 127.22 0.10 1.30 0.14 362.40 38.88

1979 1984 1990 1990 1990 1977 1990 1987 1990 1987 1988 1991 1991 1989 1990 1977 1980 1985 1986 1976 1976 1976 1985 1976 1976 1982 1985 1981 1976 1976

381 Sohelwa 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 Sur Sarovar Surha Tal Turtle Vijai Sagar Ballavpur Bethuadahari Bibhutibhusan Buxa Chapramari Haliday Island

392 Jaldapara 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 Jorepokhri Lothian Island Mahananda Narendrapur Raiganj Ramnabagan Sajnekhali Senchal

Agra & Etawah Unnao Ghaziabad Gonad Etah Banda & Chitrakoot Mainpuri Rae Bareli Hardoi Maharajganj Shrawasti & Balrampur Agra Ballia Varanasi Mahoba Birbhum Nadia North 24-Paraganas Jalpaiguri Jalpaiguri South 24-Paraganas Jalpaiguri & Cooch Behar Darjeeling South 24-Paraganas Darjeeling South 24-Paraganas North Dinajpur Burdwan South 24-Paraganas Darjeeling

Uttar Pradesh Uttar Pradesh Uttar Pradesh Uttar Pradesh Uttar Pradesh Uttar Pradesh Uttar Pradesh Uttar Pradesh Uttar Pradesh Uttar Pradesh Uttar Pradesh Uttar Pradesh Uttar Pradesh Uttar Pradesh Uttar Pradesh West Bengal West Bengal West Bengal West Bengal West Bengal West Bengal West Bengal West Bengal West Bengal West Bengal West Bengal West Bengal West Bengal West Bengal West Bengal

Union Territories 401 Arial Island 402 Bamboo Island 403 Barren Island 404 Battimalv Island 405 Belle Island 406 Bennett Island 407 Bingham Island 408 Blister Island 0.05 0.05 8.10 2.23 0.08 3.46 0.08 0.26 1987 1987 1977 1987 1987 1987 1987 1987 Andaman Andaman Andaman Andaman Andaman Andaman Andaman Andaman Andaman & Nicobar Islands Andaman & Nicobar Islands Andaman & Nicobar Islands Andaman & Nicobar Islands Andaman & Nicobar Islands Andaman & Nicobar Islands Andaman & Nicobar Islands Andaman &

409 Bluff Island 410 Bondoville Island 411 Brush Island 412 Buchanan Island 413 Chanel Island 414 Cinque Island 415 Clyde Island 416 Cone Island 417 Curlew (B.P) Island 418 Curlew Island 419 Cuthbert Bay 420 Defence Island 421 Dot Island 422 Dottrell Island 423 Duncan Island 424 East Island 425 East of Inglis Island 426 Egg Island 427 Elat Island 428 Entrance Island 429 Gander Island 430 Girjan Island 431 Glathea Bay 432 Goose Island 433 Hump Island

1.14 2.55 0.23 9.33 0.13 9.51 0.54 0.65 0.16 0.03 10.49 0.13 0.13 0.73 60.11 3.55 0.05 9.36 0.96 0.05 0.16 0.01 0.47

1987 1987 1987 1987 1987 1987 1987 1987 1987 1987 1987 1987 1987 1987 1987 1987 1987 1987 1987 1987 1987 1987 1987

Andaman Andaman Andaman Andaman Andaman Andaman Andaman Andaman Andaman Andaman Andaman Andaman Andaman Andaman Andaman Andaman Andaman Andaman Andaman Andaman Andaman Andaman Andaman Andaman Andaman

Nicobar Islands Andaman & Nicobar Islands Andaman & Nicobar Islands Andaman & Nicobar Islands Andaman & Nicobar Islands Andaman & Nicobar Islands Andaman & Nicobar Islands Andaman & Nicobar Islands Andaman & Nicobar Islands Andaman & Nicobar Islands Andaman & Nicobar Islands Andaman & Nicobar Islands Andaman & Nicobar Islands Andaman & Nicobar Islands Andaman & Nicobar Islands Andaman & Nicobar Islands Andaman & Nicobar Islands Andaman & Nicobar Islands Andaman & Nicobar Islands Andaman & Nicobar Islands Andaman & Nicobar Islands Andaman & Nicobar Islands Andaman & Nicobar Islands Andaman & Nicobar Islands Andaman & Nicobar Islands Andaman &

434 Interview Island 435 James Island 436 Jungle Island 437 Kwangtung Island 438 Kyd Island 439 Landfall Island 440 Latouche Island 441 Lohabarrack (Saltwater crocodile)

133.87 2.10 0.52 0.57 8.00 29.48 0.96 22.21 0.39 0.78 0.10 0.12 0.21 6.81 0.75 0.49 3.48 0.16 0.10 0.13 0.08 0.21 7.36 0.34 0.62

1985 1987 1987 1987 1987 1987 1987 1987 1987 1987 1987 1987 1987 1977 1987 1987 1977 1987 1987 1987 1987 1987 1987 1987 1987

Andaman Andaman Andaman Andaman Andaman Andaman Andaman Andaman Andaman Andaman Andaman Nicobar Andaman Andaman Andaman Andaman Andaman Andaman Andaman Andaman Andaman Andaman Andaman Andaman Andaman

442 Mangrove Island 443 Mask Island 444 Mayo Island 445 Megapode Island 446 Montogemery Island 447 Narcondam Island 448 North Brother Island 449 North Island 450 North Reef Island 451 Oliver Island 452 Orchid Island 453 Ox Island 454 Oyster island-I 455 Oyster Island-II 456 Paget Island 457 Parkinsion Island 458 Passage Island

Nicobar Islands Andaman & Nicobar Islands Andaman & Nicobar Islands Andaman & Nicobar Islands Andaman & Nicobar Islands Andaman & Nicobar Islands Andaman & Nicobar Islands Andaman & Nicobar Islands Andaman & Nicobar Islands Andaman & Nicobar Islands Andaman & Nicobar Islands Andaman & Nicobar Islands Andaman & Nicobar Islands Andaman & Nicobar Islands Andaman & Nicobar Islands Andaman & Nicobar Islands Andaman & Nicobar Islands Andaman & Nicobar Islands Andaman & Nicobar Islands Andaman & Nicobar Islands Andaman & Nicobar Islands Andaman & Nicobar Islands Andaman & Nicobar Islands Andaman & Nicobar Islands Andaman & Nicobar Islands Andaman &

459 Patric Island 460 Peacock Island 461 Pitman Island 462 Point Island 463 Potanma Islands 464 Ranger Island 465 Reef Island 466 Roper Island 467 Ross Island 468 Rowe Island 469 Sandy Island 470 Sea serpent Island 471 Shark Island 472 Shearme Island 473 Sir Hugh Rose Island 474 Sisters Island 475 Snake Island-I 476 Snake Island-II 477 South Brother Island 478 South Reef Island 479 South Sentinel Island 480 Spike Island-I 481 Spike Island-II 482 Stoat Island 483 Surat Island

0.13 0.62 1.37 3.07 0.16 4.26 1.74 1.46 1.01 0.01 1.58 0.78 0.60 7.85 1.06 0.36 0.73 0.03 1.24 1.17 1.61 0.42 11.70 0.44 0.31

1987 1987 1987 1987 1987 1987 1987 1987 1987 1987 1987 1987 1987 1987 1987 1987 1987 1987 1987 1987 1977 1987 1987 1987 1987

Andaman Andaman Andaman Andaman Andaman Andaman Andaman Andaman Andaman Andaman Andaman Andaman Andaman Andaman Andaman Andaman Andaman Andaman Andaman Andaman Andaman Andaman Andaman Andaman Andaman

Nicobar Islands Andaman & Nicobar Islands Andaman & Nicobar Islands Andaman & Nicobar Islands Andaman & Nicobar Islands Andaman & Nicobar Islands Andaman & Nicobar Islands Andaman & Nicobar Islands Andaman & Nicobar Islands Andaman & Nicobar Islands Andaman & Nicobar Islands Andaman & Nicobar Islands Andaman & Nicobar Islands Andaman & Nicobar Islands Andaman & Nicobar Islands Andaman & Nicobar Islands Andaman & Nicobar Islands Andaman & Nicobar Islands Andaman & Nicobar Islands Andaman & Nicobar Islands Andaman & Nicobar Islands Andaman & Nicobar Islands Andaman & Nicobar Islands Andaman & Nicobar Islands Andaman & Nicobar Islands Andaman &

484 Swamp Island Table (Delgarno) Island Table (Excelsior) 486 Island 485 487 Talabaicha Island 488 Temple Island 489 Tillongchang Island 490 Tree Island 491 Trilby Island 492 Tuft Island 493 Turtle Islands 494 West Island 495 Wharf Island 496 White cliff Island 497 City Birds 498 Sukhna Lake 499 Fudam 500 Dadra & Nagar Haveli Indira Priyadarshini (Asola) 502 Pitti (Bird Island) 501

4.09 2.29 1.69 3.21 1.04 16.83 0.03 0.96 0.29 0.39 6.40 0.11 0.47 0.029 25.42 2.18 92.16 13.20 0.01

1987 1987 1987 1987 1987 1985 1987 1987 1987 1987 1987 1987 1987 1998 1986 2000 1992 2002

Andaman Andaman Andaman Andaman Andaman Nicobar Andaman Andaman Andaman Andaman Andaman Andaman Andaman Chandigarh Chandigarh Diu DNH, Silvassa Delhi -

Nicobar Islands Andaman & Nicobar Islands Andaman & Nicobar Islands Andaman & Nicobar Islands Andaman & Nicobar Islands Andaman & Nicobar Islands Andaman & Nicobar Islands Andaman & Nicobar Islands Andaman & Nicobar Islands Andaman & Nicobar Islands Andaman & Nicobar Islands Andaman & Nicobar Islands Andaman & Nicobar Islands Andaman & Nicobar Islands Chandigarh Chandigarh Daman & Diu Dadra & Nagar Haveli Delhi Lakshadweep

Biosphere Reserves
The term Biosphere Reserve' should denote an area: which is, set aside for the conservation of the resources of the biosphere and for the improvement of the relationship between man and the environment; which is, to serve as sites for long term scientific research as well as education all over the world. The programme of Biosphere Reserve was initiated under the 'Man & Biosphere' (MAB) programme by UNESCO in 1971. Biosphere Reserves are areas of terrestrial and coastal ecosystems promoting solutions to reconcile the conservation of biodiversity with its sustainable use. They are internationally recognized, nominated by National Governments

and remain under sovereign jurisdiction of the states where they are located. Biosphere Reserves serve in some ways as 'living laboratories' for testing out and demonstrating integrated management of land, water and biodiversity (CES., UNESCO, 2005., IUCN, 1979). Biosphere Reserve Objectives Each Biosphere Reserve is intended to fulfill three basic functions, which are complementary and mutually reinforcing: A conservation function - to contribute to the conservation of landscapes, ecosystems, species and genetic variation; A development function - to foster economic and human development which is socioculturally and ecologically sustainable; A logistic function - to provide support for research, monitoring, education and information exchange related to local, national and global issues of conservation and development (UNESCO, 2005). List of Biosphere Reserves in India Area of Date of Biosphere establishment (sq km) 3835.51 1701.00 5111.5 765.00 885.00 10,500.00 2619.92 2005 2001 1998 1997 1989 1989 2000

S.No.

Name AchanakmarAmarkantak Agasthyamalai Dehang-Debang Dibru-Saikhowa Great Nicobar Gulf of Mannar Khangchenjunga

District Anupur, Dindori & Bilaspur

State Madhya Pradesh & Chhattishgarh Kerala Arunachal Pradesh

1 2 3 4 5 6 7

Manas

2837.00

1989

Nanda Devi

5860 5520.4

1988 1986

10 Nilgiri

Siang & Debang Valley Dibrugarh and Assam Tinsukia Southern most Andaman and Island of Andaman Nicobar and Nicobar Indian part of Gulf Tamil Nadu of Mannar Khangchendzonga Sikkim Hills Part of Kokrajhar, Bongaigaon, Barpeta, Nalbari, Assam Kamprup and Darang Chamoli, Almora, Uttaranchal and Pithoragarh, Part of Wayanad, Tamil Nadu, Bandipur, and Kerala, and Nagarhole, Karnataka

11 Nokrek 12 Pachmarhi 13 Simlipal 14 Sunderbans Protected area categories Name National Parks

80.00 4926.00 4374.00 9630.00

1988 1999 1994 1989

Nilambur, Silent Valley and Siruvani Hills Part of Garo Hills Meghalaya Betul, Hoshangabad Madhya and Chindwara Pradesh Mayurbhanj Orissa Delta of Ganges and West Bengal Brahmaputra

Objectives Conservation of species of a habitat with minimal or very low intensity of human activity.

Conservation of species and Sanctuaries habitats by manipulative management.

Features Zone No human resides in the Park, other than a public servant on Core duty and permitted persons by the Chief Wild Life Warden. No human resides in the Sanctuary, other than a public Core, Buffer servant on duty and permitted and Restoration persons by the Chief Wild Life Warden.

Biosphere Reserves

Conservation of the natural Both natural and humanresources and for the Core, Buffer, influenced ecosystems; improvement of the Restoration and substantial human settlements relationship between man and Cultural (rural). the environment therein.

Natural or Core Zone Managed for minimum human interference, to serve as a baseline for the biological region; research, educational and training activities are carefully controlled and must have a nonmanipulative effect in the zone. Manipulative or Buffer Zone Managed for research, education and training activities and manipulative methods and techniques are permitted. Traditional activities including timber production, hunting, fishing and grazing are permitted. Reclamation or Restoration Managed to study and reclaim lands and natural resources where heavy natural and human caused alteration has passed ecological thresholds, where biological process have been interrupted or where species have become locally extinct. Cultural Zone

Managed to protect and study ongoing cultures and land use practices, which are in harmony with the environment. Here, local residents and their activities are on the move, but new technologies may be strictly controlled (IUCN, 1997). Conservation Reserve The State Government may, after having consultation with the local communities, declare any area owned by Government, particularly the areas adjacent to National Parks and Sanctuaries and those areas which link one protected area with another, as a Conservation Reserve for protecting landscapes, seascapes, flora and fauna and their habitats (Wildlife Protection Socity of India, 2003). There are two Conservation Areas in India covering an area of 42.44 km 2 , which is 0.001% of the geographical area of the country. The State of Uttaranchal had established these two Conservation Reserves in August 2005 (NIC, 2005). Area of Date of reserves (sq establishment km) 4.44 38.00 2005 2005

S.No. 1 2

Name Asan Barrage Wetland Jhilmi Jheel

District Dehradun Haridwar

State Uttaranchal Uttaranchal

State-wise break up of protected areas in India No. Of No. Of % Of Area covered No. Of Area of National Wildlife protected (sq km) Conservation state (sq Parks Sanctuaries area in NP+WS+CR Reserves (CR) km) (NP) (WS) state 12973.31 10074.6 3537.89 3334.69 6348.96 754.43 16902.39 348.84 7200.25 14870.22 2100.4 6676.63 2701.55 10854.48 15770.45 224.8 4 2 5 1 3 1 4 2 2 4 1 5 6 9 5 1 22 11 20 11 10 6 21 10 32 15 10 21 13 25 35 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 275068 83743 78438 94163 135194 3702 196024 44212 55673 222235 79714 191791 38863 308252 307690 22327 4.72 12.03 4.51 3.54 4.69 20.38 8.62 0.79 12.93 6.69 2.63 3.48 6.95 3.52 5.13 1.01

State/Union Territories Andhra Pradesh Arunachal Pradesh Assam Bihar Chhattisgarh Goa Gujarat Haryana Himachal Pradesh Jammu & Kashmir Jharkhand Karnataka Kerala Madhya Pradesh Maharashtra Manipur

Meghalaya 301.68 2 3 0 22429 Mizoram 1156.75 2 7 0 21081 Nagaland 222.37 1 3 0 16579 Orissa 8106.4 2 18 0 155707 Punjab 316.73 0 10 0 50362 Rajasthan 9569.16 5 23 0 342239 Sikkim 2177.1 1 6 0 7096 Tamil Nadu 2847.67 5 19 0 130058 Tripura 603.62 0 4 0 10486 Uttaranchal 6514.94 6 6 2 53485 Uttar Pradesh 5631.47 1 23 0 240926 West Bengal 2748.48 5 15 0 88752 Union Territories Andaman & 1583.04 9 96 0 8249 Nicobar Chandigarh 25.45 0 2 0 114 Dadra & Nagar 92.16 0 1 0 491 Haveli Daman & Diu 2.18 0 1 0 112 Delhi 13.20 0 1 0 1483 Lakshadweep 0.01 0 1 0 32 Pondicherry 0 0 0 0 493 India 156586.3 94 502 2 3287263 Summary of currently available protected areas in India Geographical Area of India = 32,87,263 km 2 Forest Area of India (FSI, 2001) = 768,436 km 2 Percentage of Forested Area in India's Geographical Area = 23.38 % Current Protected Area Status National Parks = 94 Area Covered = 37,591.75 km 2 Wildlife Sanctuaries = 502 Area Covered = 118,952.11 km 2 Conservation Reserves = 2 Area Covered = 42.44 km 2 Protected Areas = 598 Area Covered = 156,586.3 km 2 National Parks % of G.A. = 1.14 % Wildlife Sanctuaries % of G.A. = 3.62 % Conservation Reserves % of G.A. = 0.0012 % Protected Areas % of G.A. = 4.76 % Tiger Reserves

1.35 5.49 1.34 5.21 0.63 2.79 30.68 2.19 5.76 12.18 2.34 3.09 19.19 22.32 18.77 1.95 0.89 0.031 0 4.76

Project Tiger was launched by the Government of India in the year 1973 to save the endangered species of tiger in the country. Beginning with nine reserves in 1973-74 the number has grown up to twenty eight in 1999-2000. These project tiger areas cover a total area of 35,747.08 sq km, which is 1.09% of the total geographical area in the country (WII, 2005). List of Tiger Reserves in India

Sl. Total Area Tiger Reserve No. (sq km) 1. Bandhavgarh 1,161.47 Bandipur 874.00 2. (Extension) 643.00 3. Bhadra 492.00 4. Bori-Satpur-Pachmarhi 1,486.00 5. Buxa 758.82 6. Corbett 1.134.00 7. Dampa 500.00 Dudhwa 811.00 8. (Extension) 551.00 9. Indravati 2,799.00 10. Kalakad-Munda n thurai 800.00 11. Kanha 1,945.00 12. Manas 2,840.00 13. Melghat 1,618.00 14. Nagarjunsagar-Srisailam 3,568.00 15. Namdapha 1985.23 16. Nameri 344.00 17. Pakhui 861.95 18. Palamau 928.00 19. Panna 542.66 20. Pench 757.85 21. Pench 257.00 22. Periyar 777.00 23. Ranthambhore 825.00 24. Sariska 800.00 25. Simlipal 2,770 26. Sunderbans 2,585.10 27. Tadoba-Andhari 626.00 28. Valmiki 840.00 Birds protected areas in India Rajiv Gandhi NP (Andhra Pradesh) Pobitora WS (Assam) Dibru Saikhowa WS (Assam) D'Ering Memorial WS (Arunachal Pradesh) Pakhui WS (Arunachal Pradesh) Namdapha TR (Arunachal Pradesh) Shoolpaneshwar WS (Gujarat)

Year of Establishment 1993-1994 1973-1974 1999-2000 1998-1999 1999-2000 1982-1983 1973-1974 1995-1996 1987-1988 1999-2000 1982-1983 1988-1989 1973-1974 1973-1974 1973-1974 1982-1983 1982-1983 1999-2000 1999-2000 1973-1974 1994-1995 1992-1993 1998-1999 1978-1979 1973-1974 1978-1979 1973-1974 1973-1974 1993-1994 1989-1990

State Madhya Pradesh Karnataka Karnataka Madhya Pradesh West Bengal Uttaranchal Mizoram Uttar Pradesh Chhattishgarh Tamil Nadu Madhya Pradesh Assam Maharashtra Andhra Pradesh Arunachal Pradesh Assam Arunachal Pradesh Jharkhand Madhya Pradesh Madhya Pradesh Maharashtra Kerala Rajasthan Rajasthan Orissa West Bengal Maharashtra Bihar

Wild Ass WS (Gujarat) Great Himalayan NP (Himachal Pradesh) Majhatal Harsang WS (Himachal Pradesh) Kalesar WS (Haryana) Eravikulam NP (Kerala) Chinnar WS (Kerala) Chendurang WS (Kerala) Radhanagari WS (Maharashtra) Blue Mountain (Phawngpui) NP (Mizoram) Bhitarkanika WS (Orissa) Sajjangarh WS (Rajasthan) Sariska Tiger Reserve (Rajasthan) Mudumalai WS (Tamil Nadu) Rajaji NP (Uttaranchal) Cobertt NP (Uttaranchal) Buxa TR (West Bengal) Jaldapara WS (West Bengal) 24 protected areas.