AMDAL IMPLEMENTATION IN INDONESIA INDONESIA

Ir. Ary Sudijanto, MSE
Director for Environmental Assessments
The i Th views i thi presentation are th views of th author and d not in this t ti the i f the th d do t necessarily reflect the views or policies of the Asian Development Bank (ADB), or its Board of Governors, or the government they represent. ADB does not guarantee the accuracy of the data included in this presentation and accepts no responsibility for any consequence of their use. Terminology used may not necessarily be consistent with ADB official terms.

Directorate for EIA
Ministry of Environment Republic of Indonesia

INDONESIAN Environmental Safeguard
… efforts started before Act No 4/1982 published
since 1980 have started to do environmental impact analysis for some  i 1980 h t t dt d i t li t l i f specific activities called Analisis Dampak Lingkungan (ADL) Government developed guidelines for the ADL for several activities  (power plants, highways, ports, industrial, mining, etc) (power plants highways ports industrial mining etc)

Officially introduced in 1986 Officially introduced in 1986
Government Regulation No 29/1986  regarding  Environmental Impact Assessment Known as AMDAL Oldest environmental planning instrument; affecting all  Oldest environmental planning instrument; affecting all sectors and all regions 

INDONESIAN

AMDAL

Has its own characteristics

AMDAL = ESHIA AMDAL = ESHIA

Environment ‐ social ‐ health impacts
1 Biogeophysical and chemical  Biogeophysical and chemical aspects

Social economic  and cultural  aspects

2

Public health  aspects

3

Most EIA’s in other countries only cover biogeophysical and chemical aspects of environment

HISTORY OF AMDAL REGULATION 
Public consultations  required i d

1st AMDAL  regulation

Regional  Autonomy

NEW  Environment  E i t Act

2nd AMDAL  regulation

3rd AMDAL  regulation

4th AMDAL & Env’t Permit regulation g

FACTS

470+  470+ DISTRICTS/MUNICIPALITIES / 235 MILLION POPULATION

33 PROVINCES

USD 7.6 Million  USD 7 6 Million PRIVATE INVESTMENT (2011) USD 17.5 Billion GOVERNMENT BUDGET FOR INFRASTRUCTURE 
(2012)

projects spread  throughout the  country

POST‐REGIONAL AUTONOMY
2004: Initiated AMDAL “revitalization”
How to improve AMDAL system to ensure good  implementation in

470+  470+ DISTRICTS/MUNICIPALITIES
• • • Evaluation (Government & some support from World Bank) Review & revision of technical guidelines Review & revision of technical guidelines Discussion with stakeholders

33 PROVINCES

ENORMOUS challenge
Estimated average number of  documents processed per YEAR

NATIONAL LEVEL 
AMDAL COMMISSION: 

AMDAL: 50 UKL UPL: 30 UKL‐UPL: 30 AMDAL: 10 UKL‐UPL: 5 UKL UPL: 5 AMDAL: 5 UKL‐UPL: 25

PROVINCIAL LEVEL 
AMDAL COMMISSIONS: 

DISTRICT/MUNICIPAL /
LEVEL AMDAL COMMISSIONS: 

annually 

>12,500 environment documents are processed!!!

GRAND STRATEGY for AMDAL
With Danida support, 2010

Vision for 2025: All environment instruments functioning effectively, efficiently Vision for 2025: All environment instruments functioning effectively efficiently

STRATEGY:
find the right balance between  standardized system and adaptive implementation 
STANDARDIZE requirements for AMDAL consultants and for reviewers Allow ADAPTIVE implementation with respect to timing & scope of AMDAL study 

Develop an AMDAL “infrastructure” to support implementation Engage all “stakeholders” to improve AMDAL

STRATEGIC CHALLENGES WITH AMDAL
…policy…… Making it RELEVANT and its benefits truly APPARENT

(1)

REDEFINING AMDAL s role, function and position REDEFINING AMDAL’s role function and position
Especially with respect to its interface with other  instruments and processes Developing regulations SUITABLE FOR WIDE DIVERSITY of  environmental & development challenges of Indonesia

LESSONS LEARNED  from AMDAL to be referenced in 
developing new instruments and developing capacity 

STRATEGIC CHALLENGES WITH AMDAL
…implementation…… Improving QUALITY of analysis and reports

(2)

Enhancing CAPACITY of consultants and review commissions g Making use of ENVIRONMENT DATA generated through  AMDAL process and environment monitoring reports AMDAL process and environment monitoring reports Energizing & fostering collaboration among STAKEHOLDERS to develop tools, methodologies, etc

SOCIO‐ECONOMIC‐CULTURAL issues most difficult

INNOVATIONS… in the last 4 years
…policy…… AMDAL

…implementation……

INNOVATIONS…
…policy…… AMDAL

Strengthens the legal basis for AMDAL and UKL-UPL
• • • • Introduction of Environment Permit Clearer sanctions for violations, including for government officials Competency certification for AMDAL consultants License for AMDAL Review Commissions, etc.

AMDAL:

one among many environmental instruments

ENVIRONMENTAL INSTRUMENTS IN ACT NO. 32/ 2009

• Inventory of env & nat res • Env Protection and Management Plans • Etc.

PREVENTION

Strategic E i t l • St t i Environmental Assessments • Spatial plans

• Environment information system • Etc.

• AMDAL • UKL-UPL • Environment Permit
• Economic instruments • Environmental Risk Assessment • Environmental Audit, etc.
CONTROL REHABILITATION

• Admin sanctions • Environmental conflict settlement • Criminal charges • Etc.

Many instruments are  responsibility of government

Frame Work for Environmental Assessments
Policies, Plans & Programs Planning Development Projects/Activities Operation Post Operation

Monitoring of Environmental Quality
Closure/ Decommissio ning of Project/ Activity

Plans of proposed Project/ Activity

Sector or Dominant Permit

Implementation of Project/Activity

Spatial Plans/Zoning
AMDAL or UKL-UPL
Implementatio n of RKL-RPL/ Env P E Permit & i

SEA EMPP ERA
Carrying Capacity’Studies Environmental g Monitoring

Env Audit

ERA

Environment Permit
Permit to Use/ Lease Forest Area

Continuous Improvement

Spatial Plans Evaluation

ERA
Rehabilitation/ PostClosure Management & Approvals

Environment Supervision

ERA

Law Enforcement

Utilization of Space Post-Closure

ENVIRONMENTAL PERMIT

TYPE OF ENVIRONMENTAL DOCUMENT

Stronger legality of environmental approvals

AMDAL
Pre-requisite for

UKL-UPL

Environmental PERMIT
Environmental management & monitoring g g requirements specified

Dominant PERMIT

CHALLENGE: Every SECTOR has unique set of permits and planning process Many NEW project planning & financing schemes, such as PublicPrivate Partnership

GRAND STRATEGY for AMDAL
AMDAL “infrastructure” priorities
• • • Clear regulations; legal certainty Clear interface between AMDAL and other  env’l instruments Clear link between AMDAL and permits/  Cl li k b t AMDAL d it / approvals Regulatory  framework Human  Resources Proper set‐up, clear tasks: Institutions • • AMDAL admiistrator AMDAL Review Commission, incl Technical  Team T Competent, continuous improvement: • Consultants • Reviewers • Decision‐makers • Trainers & assessors

AMDAL
Appropriate  Financing g Technical/  Scientific  Guidelines

• •

Funding for AMDAL review process Funding for infrastructure development

Universities, research institutions actively  U i iti h i tit ti ti l involved: • Sector SOPs • Impact prediction methodologies • Impact management

INNOVATIONS…

AMDAL

…implementation……

AMDAL Competency Certification for Consultants
CERTIFICATION
Regulation of the Minister of the Environment No 11/2008 l f h f h / Reinforced in EPMA 2009 p q Consultants who develop the AMDAL document are required to have certification of  competence from independent body Training institutions and consulting firms that provide AMDAL services are  required to register at MOE required to register at MOE

STATUS March 2012: 

511 individuals have been certified  77 consulting firms  77 consulting firms have been registered

AMDAL License for AMDAL Review Commissions 
LICENSE
Regulation of the Minister of the Environment No 6/2008 AMDAL review commission required to have license, indicating meets capacity requirement License issued by Minister/Governor/District Head or Mayor, based on  recommendation from higher level authority

STATUS March 2012: 

33 provincial AMDAL Review Commissions have been licensed  i i l 213 district/municipal AMDAL Review Commissions have been licensed 

AMDAL Information System
DADU
DOKUMENTASI AMDAL DAN UKL UPL OKUMENTASI  MDAL  AN  KL‐UPL
Management information system (internet  based) to support implementation & improve  p public access to information

www.dadu‐online.com

3

main purpose
Database of  environment  environment data Aid for  document  preparation Support for  document  review  review process

AMDAL Information System
DADU (www.dadu‐online.com)
section to see information AMDAL & UKL – UPL (which already approved) in each environment agencies DADU user section to access applications, both for the delivery of information  (the initiator / person in charge of activities) and examination of  information (environmental agencies). section to download manuals, sample files, and other document klh , p , want to be delivered  section to ask and contact the administrator

Section to see the news , socialization,  and the improvement of the program

AMDAL Stakeholder Forum

Members are INDIVIDUALS with common goal of improving AMDAL Since Dec 2009, have met 14 times (each with > 60 participants) Everyone eager to provide INPUT for regulations Sharing of information, advice, experience through ACTIVE MAILING LIST Members represent: • Government (MOE, sector ministries) • Private investors • Environment/ AMDAL consultants • Academicians • Observers

…still much work to do….
• METHODOLOGIES: • Impact prediction methodologies • Social‐economic‐cultural aspects Social economic cultural aspects Evaluation of environmental feasibility ENVIRONMENT PERMIT COMPLIANCE: • Reporting guidelines p gg • Permit revision guidelines • Sanctions & law enforcement

CONSULTANTS: • Competency development  • Better requirements for certification

AMDAL Review Commissions: • Stronger Technical Team • More capacity building • Clearer recommendations for decision‐makers • Supervision of licensed regional Review Commissions PUBLIC PARTICIPATION & INFORMATION DISCLOSURE: • Better guidelines • Improve readiness of public to participate

TA 7566 Sub‐project Indonesia (1)
OUTPUT 1: Recommendations for Improvements to AMDAL Legal and  Regulatory Framework and Administrative Procedures

Equivalency assessment: ADB safeguard requirements & AMDAL regulations Review regulations on other emerging project financing/planning schemes Stakeholder discussions Determine best timing and scope for AMDAL study D i b i i d f AMDAL d

DELIVERABLES:
REPORT on 
recommendations

GUIDEBOOK
for 3‐5 project  types

TA 7566 Sub‐project Indonesia (2)
OUTPUT 1: Integration of AMDAL Implementation Procedures into Local  and Sector Specific Project Permitting Update or prepare new technical guidelines for ANDAL and  RKL‐RPL in priority areas Prepare concise checklists for use at district/city level Prepare concise checklists for use at district/city level Use as basis, World Bank Group EHS Guidelines or other  similar guidance (int’l best practices) Stakeholder discussions Prepare publications DELIVERABLES:
REPORT on 
recommendations

GUIDEBOOKS
for  selected  sectors

TA 7566 Sub‐project Indonesia (3)
Output 3. Recommendations for Improvement to the Certification  Procedure and of the Training of AMDAL Consultants g Assess future need to refine consultants competency certification scheme,  e.g. based on discipline or project‐type  e g based on discipline or project type Develop recommendations & timeframe for refinement of certification scheme Stakeholder discussions Stakeholder discussions Develop recommendations for training scheme Assess capacity of potential training institutions DELIVERABLES:
REPORT on 
recommendations

TA 7566 Sub‐project Indonesia (4)
Output 4. Strengthened Technical Capacity for Review of AMDAL Reports Develop concept for Technical Team: specific tasks & outputs,  recruitment criteria, costs incurred, source of members Stakeholder discussions Initiate formation of Technical Team for 2 sectors Develop database of  experts for Technical Team for 2 sectors Develop database of experts for Technical Team for 2 sectors Test and evaluate AMDAL review process with Technical Team for above sectors DELIVERABLES:
REPORT on 
recommendations

TA 7566 Sub‐project Indonesia (5)
Output 5. Improved Knowledge‐Management for National AMDAL  Practitioners Network Develop website to serve as knowledge management medium for  AMDAL stakeholders Upload relevant documents to website Upload relevant documents to website Manage website during TA duration Assist Forum AMDAL Indonesia in developing concept for future  management of website Provide information to Forum AMDAL Indonesia on potential for  becoming Indonesian chapter of international EA network DELIVERABLES:
WEBSITE REPORT

Thank Y ! Th k You!
For further information, contact: For further information, contact: Kementerian Lingkungan Hidup (KLH)
Deputi I Bidang Tata Lingkungan – Asdep Kajian Dampak Lingkungan p g g g p j p g g Jl. D.I. Panjaitan Kab. 24 Kebon Nanas Jakarta Timur 13410 Gedung A lantai 6, Telp/Fax: 021‐85904925 http://www.menlh.go.id/ http://www menlh go id/

AMDAL Three Types of Document
Criteria
Type and no. of  activities/ projects 1

Individual Project
> 1 

Integrated Project
>1

Special Estates

Authority for technical By 1 Ministry or for technical  By 1 Ministry or  guidance and  Technical agency supervision Link between  Li k b t activities/ projects

By > 1 Ministry or Technical  By > 1 Ministry or Technical agency

Planning and management of Pl i d t f activities are integrated/  interrelated One ecosystem

Planning and  Pl i d management of activities  are integrated/  interrelated One area, tied by an estate development plan By a estate management  entity

Location/ Space Management

Source: Pasal 8 RPP Izin Lingkungan

ENVIRONMENTAL DOCUMENT  & ENVIRONMENTAL PERMIT & ENVIRONMENTAL PERMIT
ACTIVITY CHARACTERISTICS Significant impact
(Peraturan MENLH No 11/2006)

TYPE OF ENVIRONMENTAL DOCUMENT

AMDAL
Pre-requisite for

Stronger legality of environmental approvals

NO significant impact
(Decrees of Governor, District/ City Head)

UKL-UPL

Environmental PERMIT
Pre-requisite for dominant (sector) permit d i t( t ) it

NO significant impact & UKL-UPL not required; forSME and microactivities

SPPPL

PROPOSED PROJECT
ANNOUNCEMENT & PUBLIC  CONSULTATION PREPARATION OF TOR‐ANDAL REVIEW OF TOR‐ANDAL PREPARATION OF ANDAL & RKL‐ RPL, REVIEW OF ANDAL & RKL‐RPL

AMDAL SCHEME
In New Regulation g
AMDA AL

APPLICATION FOR ENVIRONMENT APPLICATION FOR ENVIRONMENT  PERMIT

PROPOSED PROJECT PROPOSED PROJECT NOT ENV’LLY FEASIBLE

PROPOSED PROJECT  PROPOSED PROJECT ENV’LLY FEASIBLE

ANNOUNCEMENT

DECISION LETTER OF  ENVIRONMENTAL FEASIBILITY ENVIRONMENTAL FEASIBILITY

ISSUANCE OF  ENVIRONMENT PERMIT ENVIRONMENT PERMIT ANNOUNCEMENT

PREVIOUS SCHEME

NEW SCHEME (WITH ENVIRONMENT PERMIT)

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