MEP

EIA in China
South-South Sharing of Experiences
Cui Shuhong g EIA Department, MEP, P.R.China
The i Th views i thi presentation are th views of th author and d not necessarily reflect th views or policies of in this t ti the i f the th d do t il fl t the i li i f the Asian Development Bank (ADB), or its Board of Governors, or the government they represent. ADB does not guarantee the accuracy of the data included in this presentation and accepts no responsibility for any consequence of their use. Terminology used may not necessarily be consistent with ADB official terms.

Major Responsibilities on EIA, MEP
MEP

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Be responsible for preventing and controlling the environmental pollution and ecological damages at the sources; draw up environmental impact assessment policies, laws, administrative regulations, and rules and organize their implementation; be responsible for the environmental impact assessment of key development plans, key economic development plans, and key industries and regions; examine according to national regulations the environmental impact assessment statements of regional plans and industrial plans for key development and construction projects; be responsible for approving the environmental impact assessment documents of construction projects ; p j be responsible for the environmental check and acceptance of construction projects approved by the State; be responsible for the post evaluation of environmental impact; organize the environmental supervision on construction projects during their construction periods.

Legal framework of EIA in China
MEP
Law of People’s Republic of China on Environmental Protection  Law of People’s Republic of China on Environmental Impact Assessment p  Other laws concerning EIA, e.g.: Law of People's Republic of China on Marine Environmental Protection (Article 43) Law of People‘s Republic of China on the Protection of Wild Animals and Plants(Article 12) Basic law on environmental protection
Enacted and promulgated by National People’s Congress (NPC)

Special law on environmental protection
Enacted and promulgated by NPC and Standing Committee

 EIA Ordinance for Plans  Environmental Protection Management Ordinance for Construction Projects C i P j

Administrative regulations on environmental protection
Enacted and promulgated by State Council

Rules, standards, guidelines,e.g.: Standard on environmental quality Standard on pollutants discharge Technical guideline on EIA of construction projects Technical guideline on EIA of plans

Regional legislations on EIA

Regional legislation Enacted and promulgated by Provincial NPC Local governmental rules Enacted and promulgated by provincial government Department rules on environmental protection Enacted and promulgated by ministries and Commissions of

Local governmental rules r les on EIA

Basic EIA system in China
MEP

The concept of EIA was introduced to China after the first National Congress of Environmental Protection in 1973
EIA system of plans: EIA Ordinance for Plans 2009

EIA system of construction projects : EIA Law 2003 Check and acceptance of construction projects, and “three simultaneous” (pollution control measures should be taken in the meanwhile of designing, construction and operation of construction projects): EIA Law 2003 Public participation: EIA regulation for Public Participation 2006

Technical guidelines and standards on EIA
MEP

1.Main 1 Main environmental standards ——for environmental quality standards ——for pollutants discharge standards f ll di h d d 2. Technical guidelines g ——for construction projects ——for plans ——for check and acceptance of completed construction projects

MEP

Why China is interested in South-South cooperation in the EIA area
1. South-South cooperation is an important p of p p part international cooperation. MEP is willing to share knowledge and experience of EIA with other developing countries through South South cooperation. South-South cooperation 2. China first adopted EIA in 1970’s by learning from deve oped cou t es. developed countries. MEP is fully aware of the s u y awa e o t e significance of learning and communicating with the others. 3. Under the ADB TA 7566, MEP is willing to conduct bilateral activities on EIA capacity building with Lao PDR and Sri Lanka, which focuses on training as well Lanka as experience exchange.

MEP

Thank You

MEP

MR.CUI, DEPUTY DIRECTOR OF THE DEPARTMENT FOR ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT IN THE MINISTRY OF ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION (MEP) OF THE PEOPLE S REPUBLIC OF CHINA. PEOPLE'S HE WORKS ON THE EIA AND ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION MORE THAN 15 YEARS .HE LEADS THE POLICY APPLICATION OF ECOSYSTEM SERVICE ASSESSMENT IN CHINA.

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