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Mackiel Benson 1/22012 Make-Up Questions for Class Quiz Pgs 408-419 Mackiel Benson Who takes over

as president in the case the president cannot fulfill his obligations? The Vice President, and after him/her, the Speaker of the House.

What is the Cabinet? The experts in a variety of fields (16) that are essential for the president that acts almost like a counsel for the beauracracy that allows the president to consult with experts in the field before making decisions. IE: when considering going to war the president will consult with the National Defense portion of the counsel as well as foreign relations boards, etc.

What is the Office of Management and Budget? An office that consists of a couple political appointees and a bunch of economic professionals that works to perform both managerial and budgetary functions for the bureaucracy. Pretty much the executive equivalent of the CBO.

What is a veto and how can congress override it? A veto is a constitutional power given to the president wherein s/he can send a bill back to Congress with reason for rejecting it, meaning that the legislation wont be passed into law. However, congress has the ability to override this eto if both the House and the Senate hold a vote and garner 2/3s vote. This doesnt happen often, especially in times of gridlock wherein neither party holds 2/3s majority in neither the House nor the Senate.

Why does the president have to listen to the will of their party? The president often has to rely upon his/her party holding congressional seats in order to move their legislative programs.. Representatives and senators who support the president are far more likely to vote on and pass legislation supporting the president. This only tightens the bonds between the legislative and

Mackiel Benson 2/2 2012 executive branch for members of the same party because no one wants to jeopardize their partys image and thus hurting their own chances of reelection.

What would be the implications for the presidential election if there were no two-party system to aid voters and support the president? 1st, I believe that there would be an exponential drop in voter turn outs if the United States were to eliminate the party system because a) a very marginal percentage of U.S. citizens are actively involved in politics, thus without political labels very few people will understand who to vote for, and b) a much heavier burden of research and time must be placed on the individual in order to cast and educated vote. The implications of this is a smaller portion of the population voting for the leader of the nation, countering the spread of democracy by favoring those who have more time to delve into politics, most likely the elites, and thus transforming the nation into something that any believe it should not be, and even if it doesnt marginalize the working classs votes, the votes that are cast will be much less educated because those still voting without being able to dedicate adequate research time do so blindly, and compromise the entire race. 2nd , refer to question two, the legislative and executive branch would lose a large and powerful bond, allowing tension to grow and making it so that the president has a much smaller chance of getting his/her agenda passed quickly through the strangling confines of the legislative branch. However, maybe this wouldnt be such a large factor considering hypothetically gridlock would be all but eradicated from the congressional system.