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Transformer Relay 7UT612 Relay Testing Procedure

Transformar Data Transformer Rating HV Side Voltage LV Side Voltage HV Side Vector group LV Side Vector group HV Side Primary CT Ratio LV Side Primary CT Ratio 30 220 132 Y D1 150 1800 MVA KV KV

220KV bus 87T Tfr.Diff. Protection Zone


220kv Yd11

1 1

A A

132kv

Calculation 132KV Bus HV Full load current LV Full load current HV Secondary current LV Secondary current 78.73 131.22 0.52 0.07 A A A A

Relay Settings 1201 1211 1226A 1231 1236A 1241A 1242A 1243A 1244A 1271 Differential protection I-DIFF> T I-DIFF> I-DIFF>> T I-DIFF>> Slope 1 Base point 1 Slope 2 Base point 2 2 nd Hormonic ON 0.2 0 5 0 0.25 0 0.5 2.5 15

I/In sec I/In sec

%In

I DIFF> Pickup calculation Table: Correction factor depending on vector group Reference Even VG-numeral Type of fault Winding (Upper (0,2,4,6,8,10) 3 PH 2 Ph Testing HV Side LV Side Hv Side LV Side 0.104 0.012124 0.104 0.014 2 PH 1 PH With Io 1 PH Without Io I DIFF>> Pickup calculation 1 Ph Testing HV Side LV Side HV Side LV Side Hv Side LV Side 3.9 0.6055 2.6 0.3031 2.6 0.35 With Io With Io 1 1 1.5 1 1 1 1.5 1 Odd VG-numeral (1,3,5,7,9,11) 1 0.866 1.73 1.73

1 Ph Testing

HV Side LV Side

0.156 0.02422

With Io With Io

3 Ph Testing

2 Ph Testing

3 Ph Testing

Connection diagram Current Injection

I1

I2

I3

IN

R Ph fault Y Ph fault

B Ph fault
Note:

Inject current from I1 & IN terminal for Diff pick up test for I Diff> and I Diff>> stage Inject current from I2 & IN terminal for Diff pick up test for I Diff> and I Diff>> stage Inject current from I3 & IN terminal for Diff pick up test for I Diff> and I Diff>> stage

Test HV side individual phase for differential pickup Test LV side individual phase for differential pickup

Bias testing

Bias Curve Setting

Slope 1- 0.25 ; Base Point 0 Slope 2- 0.5 ; Base Point 2.5 Slope1= (I1-I2)/(I1+I2) = 0.25 Slope2= (I1-I2)/(I1+I2) = 0.5

Idiff Trip

0.5

Block 0.2pu 2.5 x1


x2

0.35
y1 y2

Ires

x1
Testing Procedure

x2
Slope test:
Set value

Slope 1- 0.25 ; Base Point 0 Slope 2- 0.5 ; Base Point 2.5 Slope1= (I1-I2)/(I1+I2) = 0.25 Slope2= (I1-I2)/(I1+I2) = 0.5
CMC 156 connection diagram

I1

I2

I3

R ph fault: Inject current to the relay I1 & IN for side 1 and I2 & IN for side2 Y ph fault: Inject current to the relay I1 & IN for side 1 and I2 & IN for side2 B ph fault: Inject current to the relay I1 & IN for side 1 and I2 & IN for side2
Keep Phase angle difference 180 between side 1 and 2 current injection
Keep Side 1 current constant in terms of Rated current and Increase side 2 current from rated current and noted the trip value

Test Result and Bias calculation Phase Side 1 current Side 2 Optd I1 (A) current I2 (A) 0.82 0.91 1 0.91 1.5 0.9 2 1.2 2.5 1.5 3 1.8 0.82 0.91 1 0.91 1.5 0.9 2 1.2 2.5 1.5 3 1.8 0.82 0.91 1 0.91 1.5 0.9 2 1.2 2.5 1.5 3 1.8 Set slope Value 0.25 0.25 0.25 0.25 0.25 0.5 0.25 0.25 0.25 0.25 0.25 0.5 0.25 0.25 0.25 0.25 0.25 0.5 Calculated Result slope value -0.052 Not operated 0.047 Operated 0.25 Operated 0.25 Operated 0.25 Operated 0.25 Operated -0.052 Not operated 0.047 Operated 0.25 Operated 0.25 Operated 0.25 Operated 0.25 Operated -0.052 Not operated 0.047 Operated 0.25 Operated 0.25 Operated 0.25 Operated 0.25 Operated

2 nd Hormonic testing

Relay setting :
2nd harmonic restrain = 15% Connection in Omicron CMC156 for testing 2 harmonic restrain I 1 @ 50Hz (Fundamental) I 2 @ 100Hz (2nd Harmonic)
nd

CMC 156 connection diadram

50Hz

100Hz

I1

I2

I3

To Relay R & N To Relay Y & N To Relay B & N

Single phase testing


(1) Test Current in Side 1 Fundamental current in R or Y or B is kept = 1A Differential operation(2nd Hormonic 100Hz) will be restrained if any of R or Y or B is >15% of 1 Amps i.e. .15*1=0.15 Amps
The relay should operated <15% of 2nd Hormonics current i.e.< 0.15A of In

(2) Test Current in Side 2 Fundamental current in R or Y or B is kept = 1A Differential operation(2nd Hormonic 100Hz) will be restrained if any of R or Y or B is >15% of 1 Amps i.e. .15*1=0.15 Amps
The relay should operated <15% of 2nd Hormonics current i.e.<0.15A of In

Phase

I1(50Hz fundamendal) 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1

R Phase

R Phase

R Phase

I2 (100Hz 2nd Opt 2nd Hormon hormonic) (A) value (%) 0.14 14 0.14 14 0.14 14 0.14 14 0.14 14 0.14 14 0.14 14 0.14 14 0.14 14 0.14 14 0.14 14 0.14 14 0.14 14 0.14 14 0.14 14

Test result >15% Relay is bloked and <15% Relay is operated >15% Relay is bloked and <15% Relay is operated >15% Relay is bloked and <15% Relay is operated