Division of Agricultural Extension

Indian Council of Agricultural Research
New Delhi 110 012
www.icar.org.in
2010
I am happy to learn that the Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR) is organizing a National Conference on Krishi Vigyan
Kendras (KVKs) 2010 on December 22, 2010 at Udaipur and bringing out a document on "Agritech Interventions-Harbingers of
Prosperity-2010".
Agriculture plays a significant role in addressing poverty, hunger, malnutrition and livelihood security of millions of people in
India. Since independence, the country has made significant strides in agriculture, to meet the growing demands of our growing
population. The ICAR as an apex body that caters to the needs of Agricultural Research, Education and Extension in the country
undertakes action as well as policy based empirical research in the field of agricultural sciences. It also promotes ecologically
sustainable agriculture and has established a wide network of Krishi Vigyan Kendras (KVKs), under the umbrella of ICAR Institut es.
On this occasion, I extend my warm greetings and felicitations to the organizers and the participants and all those associated
with the Council and wish the Conference every success.
New Delhi (PRATIBHA DEVISINGH PATIL)
December 14, 2010
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PRESIDENT
REPUBLIC OF INDIA
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PRATIBHA DEVISINGH PATIL
Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR) plays a major role to ensure the country's food security
and farmer's prosperity. In spite of varying climatic conditions, declining farm resources, the country could
achieve higher production especially in food grains due to hard working Indian farmers as well as the strenuous
efforts of National Agricultural Research System and the concerned Public and Private agencies.
Many scientific technologies go un- noticed by the farming community due to lack of awareness. In order
to overcome this problem, the ICAR is disseminating various agricultral technologies through its large network
of Krishi Vigayan Kendras (KVKs) across the country.
I am happy to note that the ICAR has identified and compiled various success stories as well as case
studies of KVKs for the benefit of other farmers in the country. The publication entitled ‘Agritech Interventions–
Harbingers of Prosperity 2010’ has several useful and easily adoptable technologies through which agricultural
production can be sustained.
I am sure this publication would be useful for the scientists, extension personnel, policy makers and also
for Indian farming community especially for upscaling of these successful technological interventions.
I congratulate the ICAR for taking all efforts to document this valuable information
New Delhi
December 9, 2010
(SHARAD PAWAR)
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SHARAD PAWAR
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MINISTER OF AGRICULTURE & CONSUMER AFFAIRS
FOOD & PUBLIC DISTRIBUTION
GOVERNMENT OF INDIA
Sustainable growth in agriculture and its allied sectors is a major challenge for global and Indian agriculture.
Technologies emerging out of reserach and their dissemination to the farmers with the help of Development
Departments and Infrastructural Institutions would continue to be the major strategy for increasing agricultural
production in the country.
Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR) is the fulcrum of research activities in agriculture and its allied
sectors. As an integral part of ICAR, Krishi Vigyan Kendras (KVKs) function as knowledge and Resource Centres of
farm technologies. There are 589 KVKs in the country which play a major role in fostering the growth of agriculture
through technological backstopping.
In order to upscale some of the successful technologies emerged through the interventions of KVKs, the
Division of Agricultural Extension of ICAR has brought out a publication entitled ‘Agritech Interventions – Harbingers
of Prosperity 2010’. The publication contains details of successful technologies made by the KVKs under varied
agro- climatic conditions that can be replicated where similar conditions exists. I am sure that this publication
would be of immense use to Indian farmers, researchers, planners and policy makers.
I congratulate ICAR and all the contributors who are responsible for bringing out such valuable and useful
publication.
New Delhi
December 9, 2010
(PROF. K.V. THOMAS)
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PROF. K.V. THOMAS
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MINISTER OF STATE FOR AGRICULTURE
CONSUMER AFFAIRS, FOOD & PUBLIC DISTRIBUTION
GOVERNMENT OF INDIA
NEW DELHI
Research and Development efforts since sixties have brought the agricultural production to a level of self sufficiency in the country. However, Indian
agriculture exhibits a fluctuating trend in recent past mainly due to the changing trends of monsoon. The country's total food grain production was
234.47 million tonnes during 2008-09 which has slipped to 218.19 million tonnes during 2009-10 due to drought like situations in the country.
In view of this, Indian agricultre has multi-faceted challenges in the form of declining productivity of land, labour and water. In spite of declining
resoures, technologies continue to play a mjaor role in achieving sustainable production in agriculture and allied sectors. Therefore the National Agricultural
Resarch System has to focus on Farmer's First- to provide them Profit and Prestige through Partnership.
The wide network of KVKs of ICAR across the country aims at the assessment, refinement and demonistration of location specific technology
modules in agriculture and its allied enterprises. The technologicfal modules demonstated by the KVKs would focus on the agriculture prosperity at
district in particular and meeting the future demand of farm products both at state and national level.
At the right time, the Division of Agriculttrual Extension of ICAR has brought out a publication entitled ‘Agritech Interventions – Harbingers of
Prosperity 2010’ which contains the impact of inspiring interventions in agriculture and its allied sectors. I am sure that this publication would be useful
to Indian farmers and all the concerned in the National Agricultrual Reserach System and other Development Departments and Infrastructural Institutions.
I cogratulate Division of Agricultural Extension for thier effors in bringing out this document.
New Delhi (S. AYYAPPAN)
December 6, 2010
Foreword
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GOVERNMENT OF INDIA
DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH & EDUCATION
AND
INDIAN COUNCIL OF AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH
MINISTRY OF AGRICULTURE, KRISHI BHAWAN
NEW DELHI
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DR S. AYYAPPAN
SECRETARY AND DIRECTOR GENERAL
Technology is the base for increasing agricultural productivity and production. In this direction, the Indian Council of
Agricultral Research (ICAR) is playing a pivotal role in the generation of need based agricultral technologies and improving
the quality of agricultural education as well as extension towards knowledge based advancements in agriculture and
allied sectors.
Our responsibilities have increased manifold due to alarming climate change, scarcity of irrigation water, complexity
of farming systems and global food crisis. In view of this, the ICAR has created a network of Krishi Vigyan Kendras across
the country for assessment, refinement and demonstration of technology at micro situation. Besides, the KVKs at
district level are providing effective technological backstopping and advisory through need based interventions. As a
testimony, efforts have been made to identify successful interventions of KVKs which are motivating and encouraging
other farmers across the country. These experiences are documented in the form of present publication entitled ‘Agritech
Interventions – Harbingers of Prosperity 2010’. This publication includes 101 inspiring technological interventions that
can be emulated by other farmers where similar micro-agro-ecosystems exist.
In this context, I appreciate the efforts made by all Zonal Project Directors, the Director of DRWA, all Programme
Coordinators of respective KVKs and my colleagues at the Division for bringing out this publication. I am sure that this
publication could certainly serve as reference to policy makers, researches, extension personnel, farmers and agri-preneurs.
New Delhi (K.D. KOKATE)
December 5, 2010
Preface
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DR K.D. KOKATE
DEPUTY DIRECTOR GENERAL
(Agricultural Extension)
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INDIAN COUNCIL OF AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH
KRISHI ANUSANDHAN BHAWAN I
PUSA, NEW DELHI
Chief Editor : Dr K.D. Kokate, Deputy Director General (Agril. Extn.), ICAR, New Delhi
Editors : Dr A.K. Mehta, Assistant Director General (Agril. Extn.), ICAR, New Delhi
Dr B.T. Rayudu, Senior Scientist (Agril. Extn.), Zone-VIII, Bengaluru
Dr S. Prabhu Kumar, Zonal Project Director, Zone-VIII, Bengaluru
Members : Dr V. Venkatasubramanian, Assistant Director General (Agril.Extn.),ICAR,New Delhi
Dr A.M. Narula, Zonal Project Director, Zone-I, Ludhiana
Dr A.K. Singh, Zonal Project Director, Zone-II, Kolkata
Dr A.K. Gogoi, Zonal Project Director, Zone-III, Barapani
Dr A.K. Singh, Zonal Project Director, Zone-IV, Kanpur
Dr N. Sudhakar, Zonal Project Director, Zone-V, Hyderabad
Dr Y.V. Singh, Zonal Project Director, Zone-VI, Jodhpur
Dr U.S. Gautam, Zonal Project Director, Zone-VII, Jabalpur
Dr. (Mrs.) Krishna Srinath, Director, DRWA, Bhubaneswar
Dr. Keshava, Senior Scientist (Agril.Extn.), Zone-I, Ludhiana
Dr. P.P. Pal, Senior Scientist (Agril.Extn.), Zone-II, Kolkata
Dr. A.K. Singha, Senior Scientist (Agril.Extn.), Zone-III, Barapani
Dr. Lakhan Singh, Principal Scientist (Agril.Extn.), Zone-IV, Kanpur
Dr. K. Dattatray, Principal Scientist (Agril.Extn.), Zone-V, Hyderabad
Dr. R.P. Rohilla, Senior Scientist (LPM), Zone-VI, Jodhpur
Dr. Prem Chand, Scientist (Agril.Economics), Zone-VII, Jabalpur
Dr. C.V. Sairam, Principal Scientist (Agril.Economics), Zone-VIII, Bengaluru
Dr. (Mrs.) Suman Aggarwal, Principal Scientist, DRWA, Bhubaneswar
Dr. V.P. Chahal, Senior Scientist (Agril.Extn.), ICAR, New Delhi
Dr. P. Adhiguru, Senior Scientist (Agril.Extn.), ICAR, New Delhi
Project Director : Dr T.P. Trivedi
Chief Production Officer : V.K. Bharti
Technical Officer (Production) : Punit Bhasin
© 2010, Indian Council of Agricultural Research, New Delhi
Editorial Board
Printed at M/s Royal Offset Printers, A-89/1, Naraina Industrial Area, Phase I, New Delhi 110 028
The document entitled, ‘Agritech Interventions-Harbingers of Prosperity-2010’ portrays the 101 Success Stories of farmers who
have adopted and taken advantage of the technologies provided by KVKs across the Country. Their contributions are duly acknowledged.
Messages
Foreword
Preface
INTRODUCTION 1
CROP IMPROVEMENT
Timely Seed Supply Enhanced Farmers Income 4
Early Autumn Rice Cheers Farmers 6
Red Kernel Rice–Revati Succeeded 8
Ragi Rewarded Farmers 10
Maize Cultivation Changed Tribals Livelihood 12
Groundnut Occupied River Bank Fallow Lands 14
Pure Bt. Cotton Seeds Brought Smile among Farmers 16
Frenchbean Fetched Higher Profits 18
Bengalgram Productivity Boosted with Variety JG-11 20
Tissue Culture Banana Plantation–A Boon 22
Perseverance Paid Farmer 24
Fodder Raising make Dairy Farmers Rich 26
Rainfed Farmers Gained through Annual Moringa 28
Unproductive Date Palm Paid Dividend 30
CROP PRODUCTION
Group Farming Revived Rice Cultivation 34
SRI Brings a New Horizone In Rice Cultivation 36
SRI Doubled Rice Productivity 38
Remunerative Rice Cultivation through SRI 40
SRI Stimulated Rice Farmers 42
ICM Practices Revived Rice Cultivation 44
Transplanted Redgram Gave Bonus 46
Crop Diversification with Groundnut Gained Success 48
Pea Farmers Flourished 50
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Soybean Replaced Drilled Paddy 52
Profit Oriented Rice-Wheat Sequence 54
Biogas Slurry Doubled Rice Productivity 56
Impact of Frenchbean Intercropping with Sugarcane 58
Precision Farming Pride for Farmers 60
Relay Cropping pleased Vegetable Growers 62
Production Practices promoted Tomato Productivity 64
Potato Productivity Enhanced by Contract Farming 66
Crop Diversification Uphold Livelihood Security 68
Tensiometer Saved Irrigation Water 70
Regulated Irrigation Boosted Toria Yield 72
Management Enhanced Productivity of Orange Orchards 74
Rejuvenated Khasi Mandarin Orchards by Production Technologies 76
Tuberose Women Empowered 78
Sustainable Organic Farming through Vermicomposting 80
Leaf Colour Chart Minimised Over Dose of Nitrogen 82
INM Balanced Fertilizer Use 84
Farmers Elevated Recycling Redgram Stalks 86
Lac Cultivation – A Boon for Tribes 88
CROP PROTECTION
Effective Management of Mealy Bug in Cotton 92
Velda Become an Ideal IPM Village 94
Brinjal Farmers Benefited Through Water Trap 96
Ginger Cultivation Revived 98
Trichoderma made Tribes Sustain 100
FARM MECHANISATION
Zero Tillage Benefitted Multiple Ways 104
Zero Tillage – Boon for Rice-Wheat System 106
Zero Tillage Immensely adopted by Wheat Growers 108
Resource Conservation Interventions in Rice-Wheat System 110
Zero Tillage Assured Rabi Maize Production 112
Micro Irrigation and Protected Cultivation – A Way to Increase Farm Income 114
Rice Residues Managed through Happy Seeder 116
Farm Women Friendly Weeder 118
Aonla Orchards Saved Using Solar Energy 120
Laser Land Leveler Enhanced Water Use Efficiency 122
INTEGRATED FARMING SYSTEM
Nutritional Security through Integrated Nutrition Garden 126
IFS Reimbursed in Multiple Ways 128
IFS for Profitable Agriculture 130
Retired Army Man Turned in to a IFS Farmer 132
Sustained Agricultural Productivity Under Rainfed Condition 134
Multi Layer Horti Based Cropping System for Sustainable Livihood among Tribals 136
LIVESTOCK AND FISHERIES MANANGEMENT
Vanaraja Introduced in Back Yards 140
Tribes Sustained through Broiler Birds 142
Layer Faming Potential Enterprise in Assam 144
Backyard Poultry Farming Leads to Poverty Alleviation 146
Vaccination against Newcastle Disease Saved Back Yard Poultry 148
No Cost Technology for Quail Brooding 150
Piggery as Subsidiary Occupation 152
Sweet Potato as Feed for Crossbred Pigs 154
Rabbit Farming Provided Dual Benefits 156
Fish Farming Flourishied in Farm Ponds 158
Farm Women as an Innovative Fish Producer 160
Panchayati Pond as Source of Income 162
Remunerative Composite Fish Farming 164
Fish-Cum-Duck Integrated Farming Enriches Rural Women 166
Deshi Ducks Improved through Cross Breeding 168
PHT AND VALUE ADDITION
Agro Processing Made Farm Women Self-Sustenance 172
Chronicles of Hard Work 174
Value Addition Generated Women Self Employment 176
Income Generation through Value Addition 178
Value Addition Added Income 180
Farm Women Gained Income from Home Scale Processing 182
Dehydrated Mushroom Adds to Income 184
Tamarind Tree De-Mortgaged 186
Kisan Cooker Cheers Farm Women 188
ENTREPRENEURSHIP DEVELOPMENT
Chawki Rearing Center- A Sustainable Enterprise 192
Self Employment by Raising Mango Nursery 194
Nursery Raising Enhanced Farmers Income 196
House Wife Become an Entrepreneur 198
Traditional Phulkari becomes a Rural Enterprise 200
Mushroom Promoted Farm Women Economically 202
Mushroom Production Opened a New Vista for Better Income 204
Milky Mushroom Empowered Rural Youth 206
Tribal Women Sustained Livelihood through Mushroom 208
Mushroom Production at High Altitude Areas 210
Rural Youth Self Employed through Apiculture 212
Bee Keeping Made Farmer as Entrepreneur 214
A Tribal Farmer Becomes a Successful Bee-Keeper 216
Bee Keeping – As Subsidiary Enterprise 218
T
he National Agricultural Research System (NARS) is playing a pivotal role in enabling food security by
continuous generation of technologies in agriculture and allied sectors in the country. The Indian farming
mostly characterized with diversified agro-ecologies, water scarcity, unpredicted rains due to vagaries of monsoon and
high cost of technological inputs. Based on the changing scenario of agriculture year by year, it requires promotion of proper
management of natural resources like soil, water and micro environment, besides wellbeing of all stakeholder involved in the
food production and consumption chain. This is primarly possible by technological empowerment of farmers.
As part of such a strategy, the Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR) is playing a crucial role in providing
technologies generated by NARS after its assessment, refinement, demonstration in the micro farming situations, in addition
to updating the knowledge and skill of farmers and extension personnel by taking up innovative approaches through its
network of 589 Krishi Vigyan Kendras (KVKs), which act as knowledge and resource centres for empowering all the partners
in the agricultural development process.
Over the years, there is a change in agrarian structure, though 80% of farmers are operating small and marginal land
holdings and having a weak access to critical production resources. It is expected that India will have the largest agricultural
manpower dominated by youths under 30 years of age by 2020. Majority of the Indian youth live in villages and are engaged
in agricultural activities. Keeping in view such a situation, the KVKs are effectively addressing the felt needs of farming
community especially rural youth by following plough to plate approach and creating an enterprising environment. In order to
reach the farmers efficiently, a number of activities are carried out by the entire KVK system to bring out location specific
technology modules and appropriate extension approaches. It is therefore very important to review and analyze the input,
output, outcome and impact of technological interventions implemented by KVKs by documenting the success achieved and
to reorient the strategies for effective functioning of KVKs for fulfilling its mandate.
In this direction, the Division of Agricultural Extension of ICAR has made a critical review of success stories emerged from
KVKs through a rigorous process followed by the Programme Coordinators at district level, the Zonal Project Directorates at
Zonal level and by the Division at national level. Alltogether 101 salient technological interventions which proved success
have been chosen as a testimony of hard work put in by KVK system and are presented in the form of this document.
There is no denying the fact that until the full potential of technology modules tested and demonstrated by KVKs are
harvested by the millions of farmers in the country, success cannot be truly translated into production gains at the field level.
It is hoped that this attempt may direct the KVKs and the farming community for up-scaling and replication of successful
enterprising interventions for teaching the untaught and reaching the unreached.
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1
Timely Seed Supply Enhanced Farmers Income
KVK Shimoga, Karnataka
4
G
roundnut and rice productivity in Shimoga district is low due to non
availability of quality seeds at right time. KVK Shimoga established
seed villages through farmers participatory seed production in association
with National Seed Project (NSP) of University of Agricultural Sciences, Bangalore.
Pogramme was initiated in groundnut crop during summer 2003 by MOU with
farmers to assure them about buy back agreement. According to MOU the selected
farmers have to purchase nucleus seeds from NSP by paying Rs 4000/q. KVK
imparted technical know-how and do-how through training among farmers and
provided regular technical seed production guidance through field visits from time
to time. Steps taken to maintain the purity of seed are (i) procured breeder seed
from ARS, Honnavile, (ii) provided quality foundation seed to selected farmers,
(iii) isolation distance maintained, (iv) timely roughing done and (v) provided
seed certification by State Seed Certifying Agency. At the end, NSP purchased
graded pods as per MOU.
It was attracted by farmers and area on groundnut seed production was
extended to 10 ha during summer 2004. Seed production programme was then
extended to rice crop during summer 2005 in an area of 50 ha and produced 2200
q of rice seeds of varieties viz., Jaya, Jyothi and MTU – 1001. Seed production of
groundnut started with 2 ha in 2003 which increased to 52 ha at present, where
as rice seed production increased from 50 ha in 2005 to 883 ha at present. Due to
timely availability of quality seeds of rice, area sown expanded to 39622 ha. Due
to seed production of groundnut and rice, additional net profit gained by the
farmers was Rs 30000/ha and Rs 4625 to 7281/ha in different varieties of rice,
respectively. Looking at the results, Government of India recognized Bullapura
village as Seed Village during 2006 and supported with various facilities like paying
Rs150/q of quality seed as an incentive to farmers who produce seeds. So far,
farmers participatory seed production was established in 19 villages viz., Bullapura,
Bedarahosahalli, Hanaswadi, Agasanahalli, Siriyur, Holehanasawadi, Barandur,
Navile, Purale, Jayanthigrama, Dhadumghatta, Thimlapura, Hasudi, Honnavile,
Belalkatte, Basavapura, Harobenavalli, Melinahanasawadi and Goravinakatte
wherein 82 farmers involved in kharif and 43 farmers in rabi. Karnataka State Seed
Corporation has taken up seed processing and marketing where as seed procurement
and supply to farmers is being done by Department of Agriculture, Shimoga.
Dr H.K. Veeranna
Programme Coordinator
Krishi Vigyan Kendra, P.B. No. 71
Navile, District Shimoga - 577204
Email: kvkshimoga@yahoo.com
Ph: 08182-295516
Fax:08182-227946
M: 09440866938
• Farmers have selected sui table varieties
• Farmers were made aware of about susceptible and resistant varieties towards specific
pests and diseases
• Avoided 25-30% pest and disease incidence
• Farmers were learned about post har vest management
• Ensured timely supply of quali t y seeds
• Small farmers also par ticipated in seed production
Salient Features
5
Early Autumn Rice Cheers Farmers
KVK Nalbari, Assam
6
A
s flood is a regular phenomenon in Sungarbori village on the bank of
Brahmaputra river in Nalbari district of Assam, there is no/less scope for
cultivating winter/summer rice and hence farmers opted to grow autumn
rice variety Jaya, which being a long duration crop, also was uncertain on account
of flash floods, coupled with higher cultivation costs. To address both these issues,
KVK Nalbari motivated and trained group of farmers for cultivating high yielding
and short duration early Ahu rice (early autumn rice) variety Luit, developed by
Assam Agricultural University, which is deemed to be compatible with the physical
and socio-cultural and economic condition of the area. During 2006, trained group
of farmers under the leadership of Shri Shahjahan Ali, cultivated the rice variety
Luit in 32 ha under the technical guidance of KVK and could get a yield of 5-6 t/
ha. During 2007, Shri Ali could supply 100 q of Luit seed to the Agriculture
Department when a severe flood compelled the Department to procure and supply
seeds of post flood short duration rice variety as an emergent relief measure to
those farmers whose standing rice crop was lost in the flood. Luit being a short
duration variety up to 110 days, it fits into their system avoiding the flood season
till harvest, coupled with other positives such as lower irrigation and labour demand
and good yield with better average net return than the traditionally cultivated
variety of Jaya which was frequently destroyed by the recurring floods.
The small and marginal farmers of the area suddenly see an assured livelihood
option before them and the area under the variety Luit gradually expanded to 71
ha, 139 ha and 1000 ha during 2007, 2008 and 2009 in different pockets of the
block, subdivision and finally the district, respectively, through the technology
backstopping of KVK. Luit completely replaced Jaya in Barkhetri development block
of the district which is a recurring flood hit area.
• Introduced shor t duration of 100 days early autumn rice variet y Lui t developed by
Assam Agricul tural Universi t y
• Rice variet y Lui t escaped flood and gave assured yield than tradi tionally cul tivated
Jaya rice variet y
• Lower irrigation and labour demand of Lui t variet y, hence bet ter profi tabili t y
• Rice variet y Lui t occupied an area of 1000 ha by 2009, replacing the less
favourable and uncer tain option of Jaya variet y
Salient Features
7
Dr Manoranjan Neog
Programme Coordinator
Krishi Vigyan Kendra, Sariahtoli
Distirct Nalbari-781337
Email: agriperson@gmail.com
Ph: 03624- 224837
M: 09435093577
8
Red Kernel Rice-Revati Succeeded
KVK North Goa, Goa
I
n Goa, rice is an important staple cereal crop and being grown in an area of
52801 ha with the production of 255974 t annually and productivity of 35.32q/
ha. Productivity is major constraint due to use of poor quality seed, shattering
habit in existing variety Jyoti resulting in less profitability. However, local preference
for red kernel rice varaiety Jyoti is being traditionally cultivated in the state. With
this background. During 2007-08, KVK North Goa, ICAR Research Complex for
Goa introduced red kernel rice varariety Revati released by Regional Rice Research
Station, Moncompu, Kerala, in village Dhulapi located 6 km from KVK. Revati not
only is better yielder (43.4q/ha) but also non shattering which ultimately results
in higher yield. Further there was no incidence of leaf folder, case worm and diseases
like, bacterial blight and blast were noticed .It has spread in the village covering
an area of over 8.0 ha besides spreading over more than 150 ha across the district
within a span of 5 years substituting existing variety Jyoti and partial substitution
of Jaya which were ruling earlier. Farmers grew Revati on an average of 0.1 ha per
family in many cases. Expenditure incurred was Rs16500/ha and realised Rs 31750
as gross income with a net profit of Rs 15250/ha.
Revati has made farm families to increase their production and productivity
per unit area. Farmers Club of Chorao got double the income through organic
cultivation of the variety and adopting post harvest techniques like milling,
packaging and branding by under the guidance of KVK. Chief Volunteer of the
club was recently received an honour in this regard. With achieving these results,
State Agricultural Department, Government of Goa included Revati under state
rice minikit programme. Variety has spread in both the districts of North and
South Goa and covered approximately more than 500 ha. Pre and post assessments
indicated that the main factors such as low yield and shattering habit have been
overcome by Revati and ultimately increased the yield of 33.1%.
Smt Jyoti Dhulapkar(0832-2285513), Dhulapi-Goa, Mrs Geeta Gajanan
Uscaikar (9921207514), Pandav wada- Chodan, Shri Darryl Pereira (9823074888),
Saligao, Shri Candido Dias (9922728707), Taleigao are few among the successful
farmers who are acting as contact farmers to fellow farmers in the district. KVK is
continuously supporting farmers for imparting appropriate technical knowledge
and arranging quality and timely seed.
• Revati variet y of red kernel rice yielded 43.4q/ha as against existing yield of 32.69q/
ha and gave a net profi t of Rs 15250/ha
• Revati is non shat tering t ype variet y resul ting in addi tional grain yield of
approximately 10-11q/ha
• Introduced variet y Revati meets the local preference for red kernel as well as raw
and parboiled rice
• Enhanced head rice recover y due to bold grain
Salient Features
9
Dr Raj Narayan
Programme Coordinator
Krishi Vigyan Kendra, Ela, Old Goa
Taluq Tiswadi, District North Goa-403402
Email: pckvknorthgoa@yahoo.com
Ph: 0832-2285475
Fax: 0832-2285475
M: 09766448827
10
Ragi Rewarded Farmers
KVK Tumkur, Karnataka
R
agi (Eleusina coracana L.) is main staple crop of Tumkur district and is
cultivated in 1.2 lakh ha. However, its cultivation declined in the district in
recent years owing to low productivity due to non-availability of quality
seeds, poor management and scanty rainfall. At this situation, KVK Tumkur
introduced high yielding ragi variety MR-6, which was released in 2004 by
University of Agricultural Sciences, Bangalore, through an empowerment approach
called as Appreciative Planning and Action (APA). It has six stages and each stage
has distinctly different activities indicated by 6 D’s viz., Discovery, Dream, Design,
Delivery, Do it now and Discuss/Dialogue. With this approach, 10 ha area was
brought under cultivation by MR-6 variety in 2005-06 followed by 80 ha in 2006-
07, 125 ha in 2007-08, 350 ha in 2008-09 and now it occupied 525 ha through
two seasons June-October as Kharif and January-February as summer in the district.
Farmers gained a net income of Rs 22000 with Benefit Cost Ratio of 2.5 with ragi
variety MR-6 under the technical guidance and monitoring of KVK.
It is noteworthy that one of the farmers Shri Malleshaiah from C.N. Halli taluq
created a landmark in the history of ragi cultivation accounting 38.70 q/ha under
rainfed condition followed by other farmers viz., Shri B.T. Kariyappa from C.N.
Halli taluq, Shri M.Thimmappa from Turuvekere taluq, Shri H.R. Suresh, Shri D.C.
Chikkabasappa from Tiptur taluq produced recordable yields of ragi 26.51, 35.51,
35.30 and 36.92 q/ha, respectively, for which they all got certificate of hounour
from the Department of Agriculture, Tumkur. Shri Thimmaiah, Shri Kariyappa, Shri
Siddalingaiah and Shri Mallesh were some of the interested farmers actively engaged
in the process of disseminating the technology as master trainers and sold seed
materials to their neighbours at doorstep.
• KVK empowered farmers through Appreciative Planning and Action
• Introduced ragi variet y MR-6 which is more sui table for early sowing
• Achieved adoption of ragi variet y MR-6 that gave 10-15% more yield as compared
to MR-1, MR-2 and GPU-28
• Produced high quanti t y and quali t y of fodder through ragi variet y MR-6 as compared
to other varieties
Salient Features
11
Dr Y.N. Shivalingaiah
Krishi Vigyan Kendra, Konehalli
Taluq Tiptur, District Tumkur - 572202
Email: kvktumkur@gmail.com
Ph: 08134-294771
M: 09449866936
Maize Cultivation Changed Tribals Livelihood
KVK Bastar, Chhattisgarh
12
B
astar Plateau is having good agro climatic situation for maize production
but the productivity of maize in the district is 1800 kg/ha. Local varieties,
imbalance use of fertilizer, high incidence of insects, pests and diseases,
poor management of soil, low fertility, unawareness of improved technology are
the major problems associated with low productivity of maize in Bastar district.
Keeping these problems in view, KVK Baster introduced improved varieties such
as 30 R 77, 4643, Hycel for kharif, 30V92, 900M for rabi and 30V92, 900M, 4212
for zaid along with complete package of practices like proper spacing, and seed
rate, sowing time, fertilizer application etc. Shri Sonuram from Jarebendri village of
the district, a trainee of KVK adopted improved varieties of maize in his 1.0 ha of
land and earned a net income of Rs 15840 in kharif, Rs 10850 in rabi and Rs 9453
in zaid seasons in a year. Further, productivity of maize has increased from 15.90
q/ha to 20.65 q/ha in farmers fields during the period from 2004-05 to 2008-09.
On the basis of last six years interventions in Bastar district by KVK, adoption
of hybrids with full package of practices has been proved more beneficial than
local practices for getting high returns per unit area under rainfed situation.
Demonstrated technology has increased the average yield about 131.08 % over
local varieties and practices. Since dissemination of technology, adoption of
improved varieties of maize spread in 24715 ha and gave 444870 q maize production
and Rs 373.69 lakh income in the district. Tribal farmers convinced with technology
and adopting in a large scale. Technology has generated additional manpower of
384040 man days in the district. Technology has raised the standard of living by
changing the skill and attitudes of the farmers from their traditional cultivation
practices towards commercial production. This level of production meeting its
growing demand for human food, animal and poultry feed as well as for industrial
processing by the wet and dry millers to produce value added products with the
present available technology.
• Introduced improved varieties along wi th complete package of practices including
proper spacing and seed rate, sowing time, fer tilizer application etc.
• Increased the average yield about 131.08 % over local practices
• Increased 24715 ha area wi th improved varieties of maize and produced 444870
q maize production in the district
• Generated addi tional employment of 384040 man days
Salient Features
13
Dr Shishir Chandra Mukharjee
Programme Coordinator
Krishi Vigyan Kendra, Kumharwand
District Bastar-494005
Email: kvk_jagdalpur1@rediffmail.com
Ph: 07782-229071
Fax: 07782-229160/229046
M: 09425585249
14
Groundnut Occupied River Bank Fallow Lands
KVK West Tripura, Tripura
I
n West Tripura district, requirement of groundnut is about 237 MT and to
satisfy this demand, more than 250 ha is to be brought under groundnut
considering average productivity of 950 kg/ha. Considering the importance,
KVK West Tripura introduced HYV of groundnut ICGS-76 through FLD in few
pockets of West Tripura district in 2008-2009.
Initially the programme was started with Sanghita Self Help Group consisting
of 10 members. Owing to satisfactory performance and wide adaptability in the
sandy soil of river bank of Samruchara, it was adopted by 32 farmers from six
adjacent villages in the next kharif season in their fallow lands. Later they were
trained on seed production of groundnut and they are being producing 1.0 t of
seeds per season. Seed is being sold to the NGOs, Government Departments,
private seed farms and fellow farmers of different villages.
• Used fallow land
• Followed latest cul tivation practices
• Reduced tikka disease due to seed treatment
• Achieved optimum productivi t y and production
• Planned for seed production at farmers level
• Created awareness and provided technical suppor t for adoption of groundnut in
large scale in the district
Salient Features
15
Dr Pranab Dutta
Programme Coordinator
Krishi Vigyan Kendra
P.O. Chebri, Khowai, District West Tripura-799207
Email: pranabd1974@indiatimes.com
kvkwesttripura@yahoo.com
Ph: 03825- 222274
Fax: 03825- 222274
Ph: 03825- 222274 (R), M: 0986335190
16
Pure Bt. Cotton Seeds Brought Smile among Farmers
KVK Kheda, Gujarat
B
t. cotton raised through buying seed from local market was highly affected
by Heliothis, Spodoptera and leaf curl virus in Gothak Lat village of
Kheda district. This had resulted into low yield of cotton. Disgusted farmers
shown their crop to KVK experts of Kheda. They noticed mixed type population
with low flower formation and dropping of balls due to purchasing of poor quality
seed from local market. This necessitated awareness campaign on Bt. cotton in
the village and also villages of Kheda district.
KVK Kheda conducted demonstrations on pure Bt. cotton (VICH-15) in 40
ha belonging to 50 farmers of 4 villages under Technology Mission on Cotton Mini
Mission-II during 2007-08. Arranged methyl parathion 2% dust for control of
mealy bug, micro nutrient (MgSO4 and FeSO
4
) and neem based bio-pesticides as
critical inputs to farmers. Demonstrations were laid out with pure Bt. cotton seed
along with Bt. cotton seed purchased from local market as control plot. Farmers
were guided on micro nutrient and bio-pesticide application from time to time by
KVK. Pure Bt. cotton seed crop produced an average yield of 42.0 q/ha whereas
locally purchased Bt. cotton seed crop could produce only 15.75 q/ha.
• Bt. Cot ton seed purchased in local market provided low yield due to mi xed plant
stand vulnerable to insect pest infestation
• Farmers obtained 162 % more yield by pure Bt. cot ton (VICH-15) over control and
gained 94 % more income
• Most of the area in Kheda district is under Bt. cot ton now
• Technology improved socio-economic status of cot ton growers in Kheda district
Salient Features
17
Cultivation of pure Bt. cotton under recommended package of practices provided
a net profit of Rs 73500/ha, while it was just Rs 25000 in case of Bt. cotton
grown with local seed. Farmers were highly convinced with pure Bt. cotton seed.
Now many farmers in district Kheda have started cultivation of cotton with pure
Bt. cotton seed under technical guidance of KVK, which has changed socio-
economic conditions of cotton growers in Kheda district.
Shri Praveen Kumar Sharma
Programme Coordinator I/C
Krishi Vigyan Kendra, Dethali
District Kheda-378210
Email: drchandawat@rediffmail.com
Ph: 02694-287637
02633-260001 (R), M: 09427159810
18
Frenchbean Fetched Higher Profits
KVK Bengaluru Rural, Karnataka
I
n Karnataka, frenchbean is cultivated in 9567 ha with the production of 106111
t annually. Rust and bacterial blight are the major diseases of frenchbean with
which farmers loose profits every year. French bean variety Arka Anoop, not
only better yielder but also resistant to rust and bacterial blight, released by Indian
Institute of Horticultural Research, Bengaluru was introduced by KVK Bengaluru
Rural during 2007-08 in the village Antrahalli, Doddaballapura taluk has fetched
more returns to the farmers. Arka Anoop spread over 80 ha across the district
within a short span of 2 years substituting local varieties and partial substitution
of Arka Komal which was ruling earlier. Farmers grew Arka Anoop on an average of
0.4 ha per family in many cases. Expenditure incurred was Rs 72500/ha and realised
Rs 222500 as gross income with a net profit of Rs 150000.
Arka Anoop has made farm families to increase their purchasing capacity as
well as they could send their children to schools by paying their prescribed fee
comfortably. Lot of behavioural changes such as confidence in the farming was
achieved. Pre and post assessments indicated that the main factors such as resistant
to diseases like rust and bacterial blight thereby reduced cost of cultivation in
addition higher yields compared to other varieties contributed to the successful
adoption of variety Arka Anoop from zero to 30%.
Smt Chennamma (09343766673) from Antrahalli village, Shri Siddalingachar
(09242733386) from Antrahalli village, Shri Subramani (09972076865) from
Hadonahalli village of Doddaballapura taluk in Bengaluru Rural District are few
among the successful farmers who are acting as contact farmers to fellow farmers
in the district. KVK is supporting farmers not only by providing appropriate technical
knowledge but also arranging quality and timely seeds.
• Arka Anoop yielded 14 t/ha as against existing yield of 11.09 t/ha
• Gave net profi t of Rs 1.5 lakh/ha
• Arka Anoop is a leguminous vegetable and sui table for crop rotation
• Requires less seed rate @45 kg/ha as compared to 50 kg/ha for other varieties
• Farmers obtained 30% more income
• Arka Anoop spread horizontally wi th around 80 ha
Salient Features
19
Dr N. Rajanna
Programme Coordinator
Krishi Vigyan Kendra, Hadonahalli
Taluq Doddaballapur, District Bengaluru Rural - 561203
Email: kvkbrd@gmail.com
Ph: 080-27652093/27652082
Fax: 080-27652082
080-23431823 (R), M: 09449866928/09448360023
20
Bengalgram Productivity Boosted with Variety JG-11
KVK Kurnool, Andhra Pradesh
I
n Andhra Pradesh, bengalgram is grown in 6.07 lakh ha with production of
8.57 lakh tones and productivity of 1437Kg/ha. In Kurnool district, bengalgram
occupies 2.43 lakh ha (40 % of area in the state). It is mostly cultivated in
vertisols under residual soil moisture regime with mono-cropping system in
southern parts of the district covering Koilkuntla, Uyyalawada, Sanjamala,
Dornipadu, Panyam and other mandals. KVK Kurnool introduced improved variety
of bengalgram JG-11 in 2004 through organization of 16 training courses and 114
demonstrations. KVK also took up seed production programme at its farm and
also procured seed from FLD farmers in seed chain programme and arranged 250q
seed to other KVKs in the state as well as to farmers in the district and neighboring
districts viz., Anantapur and Kadapa.
JG-11 along with agronomic practices like seed treatment with Trichoderma
viridae, balanced fertilization etc., gave an increase in yield up to 22.9 % against
existing local variety Annegiri under rainfed situations and up to 14 % under
protective irrigation with an average yield of 20.75q/ha and 29.37q/ha, respectively.
In a span of 5 years (2004-08), there was 100% replacement of local variety
(Annegiri) in Kalugotla village of Koilakuntla mandal by JG-11. At present the
area under JG-11 in Kurnool district is about 2.18 lakh ha.
• KVK introduced improved bengal gram variet y JG-11 in 2004
• JG-11 characterized wi th purple stem, large leaflets, semi spreading wi th profuse
branching, 36 cm plant height, 55 pods per plant, 100 seed wt 22.5 to 24 gms,
matures in 97 days and tolerant to wil t as well drought
• JG-11 has large pod size and seeds are ver y bold wi th light brown and smooth
• JG-11 is being cul tivated in 2.18 lakh ha in Kurnool district of Andhra Pradesh
• JG-11 boosted the productivi t y of bengal gram by 22.9% in rainfed si tuations and
14% under protective irrigation
• Achieved 100% bengalgram cul tivation in Kalugotla village of Koilakuntla mandal
byJG-11
Salient Features
21
Mrs G. Dhanalakshmi
Programme Coordinator
Krishi Vigyan Kendra, PO:Yagantipalli
Via:Banaganapalli, District Kurnool-518124
Email: pendekantikvk@rediffmail.com
Ph: 08515-227106
Fax: 08515-227106
08515-228205 (R); M: 09440607424
22
Tissue Culture Banana Plantation–A Boon
KVK Harda, Madhya Pradesh
H
arda district in central Madhya Pradesh has acquired the tag of Mini Punjab
due to bumper wheat production for the past few years coupled with
Soybean as cash crop during monsoon season. Economy of the area has
grown rapidly, but there is a dark side to this new prosperity. Mono cropping is
slowly but surely making farmers of this area overly dependent on these two
crops. Alert and educated farmers here are slowly realizing this situation and are
opting for alternative cropping patterns.
With this background, KVK Harda introduced tissue culture banana through
a series of activities. Shri Upendra Gadre (07573-230182) belonging to Timarni
village of Harda district adopted tissue culture banana since 2005. He is cultivating
banana as a cash crop for last five years and his experience has been very
satisfactory. He planted tissue culture banana using drip irrigation. He is using
tissue culture plants instead of traditional root shoot plants as they are more
uniform in size and quality. He says tissue culture plants cost a bit more than
traditional shoot plants, but in long run it is economically more viable. Though
ground water is ample in the area, he is still using drip irrigation instead of flood
irrigation as he saves expenditure and manpower by using drip irrigation system.
After meeting the total cost of Rs 240000 of which Rs180000 in first year
and Rs 60000 in second year, he got a net income of Rs 385000 during two years
i.e. Rs. 192500 per annum. Banana plantation makes soil porous and the water
soaking quality also improves. After 4 years of banana cultivation, he cultivated
wheat and soybean in one of the banana fields last year and the results were more
satisfactory.
• Introduced tissue cul ture banana
• Obser ved uniformi t y in plant height and quali t y
• Banana plantation made soil porous and improved soaking quali t y
• Field crops were grown as filler crops
• Provided net annual income of Rs 192500
• Drip irrigation saved expendi ture and manpower
Salient Features
23
Dr R.C. Sharma
Programme Coordinator
Krishi Vigyan Kendra, District Harda-461331
Email: kvkharda@rediffmail.com
Ph: 07577-226021
Fax:07577-226021
Ph: 07577-295603 (R), M: 09009801134
24
Perseverance Paid Farmer
KVK Ri-Bhoi, Meghalaya
K
VK Ri-Bhoi introduced improved varieties of turmeric (RCT-1), ginger (Nadia),
soybean (JS-335) and groundnut (ICGS-76) through frontline demonstrations
in 2007. Organized a field day and showed the performance of these improved
varieties to farmers and extension personnel.
Time and tides wait for none, this proverb holds good for Shri Francis of Bangla
village in Umsning block. He was basically a ginger cultivator like any other
Meghalaya farmer. Shri Francis adopted the varieties introduced by KVK besides
other vegetable crops under the technical guidance of KVK. Consequently he raised
his income from Rs 8000 to Rs 20000 per month.
Then, he never kept his land of 3.0 ha uncultivated like other fellow farmers.
He has also modified his pig unit scientifically with the intervention of KVK. With
the financial assistance from NABARD and technical support of KVK, Jalkund
has been constructed in his field and he is utilizing the water for irrigating winter
vegetables. He maintains harmonious relationship with his fellow farmers as well
as officials and has visionary plan for intensifying agriculture and allied sectors in
his farm.
• Obtained 30% increased yield of turmeric and ginger through improved varieties
(RTC-1, Nadia)
• Introduced HYV of soybean (JS335) and groundnut (ICGS-76)
• Life saving irrigation to winter vegetables wi th the help of stored water in 30000 l
capaci t y Jalkund
• Technical inter ventions increased 40% of monthly income of farmer
Salient Features
25
Dr R. Bordoloi
Programme Coordinator
Krishi Vigyan Kendra, Ri-Bhoi
KVK ICAR (RC) for NEH Region, Umiam
Email: pckvk@rediffmail.com
Ph: 0364-2570011
Fax:0364-2570011
M: 09436337276
26
Fodder Raising make Dairy Farmers Rich
KVK Vellore, Tamil Nadu
M
ajority of dairy farmers in Vellore district were small and marginal. They
are depending on external source of feed which is readily available in the
form of mixtures in market that lead to high maintenance cost and earns
low income from dairy farming. With this background, KVK Vellore introduced
Cumbu Napier Hybrid Fodder (Co (CN)4) grass during 2007-08. Special features
of Co (CN)4 are profuse tillers of 25-30/clump, non lodging, ultra soft juicy stem
(3.4 % brix), more leaf stem ratio, free from pest and diseases and superior rationing
ability.
KVK conducted a series of activities for about 2 years continuously which
includes organization of both on and off campus training courses on production
technologies, supply of planting material as per the demand, organization of
frontline demonstrations, organization of field days, group meetings, organization
of sensitization meetings and interface between scientists, extension personnel
and farmers for dissemination and adoption of Co (CN)4) as a fodder among dairy
farmers.
• Increased awareness and adoption of Co(CN)4 among the dair y farmers
• Introduced Co(CN)4 as an intercrop in coconut gardens and backyards by many
dair y farmers throughout the district
• Improved knowledge, skill, decision making and socio-economic condi tion of dair y
farmers
• Increased average milk yield from 5.5 to 7.0 l/day/ animal
• Reduced 20-30% of ex ternal feed cost
Salient Features
27
Within a short span of two years about 250 dairy farmers adopted this fodder
in more than 21 ha in the district. Co (CN 4) gave a recorded yield of 340 t/ha/year
with a net income of Rs 66155.
Dr P. Sumathi
Programme Coordinator
Krishi Vigyan Kendra, Virinjipuram
District Vellore-632 104
Email: kvkvrinjipuram@tnau.ac.in
sumathiperiyasamy@yahoo.co.in
Ph: 0416-2914453
0416-2211700 (R), M: 09487520817
28
Rainfed Farmers Gained through Annual Moringa
KVK Ahmednagar, Maharashtra
M
ore than 90% of the area is rainfed in Ahmednagar district of Maharashtra
and receives an average annual rainfall of 400 mm. Farmers are adopting
mono cropping and cultivating low income crops like sorghum, pearlmillet,
pulses and soybean in Kharif and keeping the land fallow in post rainy season due
to lack of irrigation facilities. KVK Ahmednagar introduced drumstick cultivation
with improved variety PKM-1 in 1996 that thrives well in dry land areas.
Besides arranging seed and seedlings of variety PKM-1 initially, 36
demonstrations and 23 training programmes (923 farmers) were conducted by
KVK. One state level seminar was conducted on commercial cultivation of
drumstick. KVK prepared a CD on improved drumstick cultivation. Technique of
pruning was standardized for exploiting the local and distant market demand.
Further, KVK printed more than 20000 folders on drumstick production technology
for the information of farmers. Success story was also given in the website of
KVK.
was ranged from Rs 55000 – 61000/ha. Benefit Cost Ratio recorded was 2.33 in
case of drumstick cultivation where as in case of dry land crops viz., sorghum,
pearl millet, greengram etc., it was ranged from 1.20 to 1.55.
• Introduced drumstick variet y PKM-1 which is seed propagated, annual in habi t
and bushy in growth, green pods wi th fleshy, non-fibrous and non-bi t ter and
weighs 160 grams/pod
• Obser ved low incidence of insect pest and disease
• Recorded high productivi t y (250-350 frui ts / tree / year)
• Obser ved long shelf life of 10-12 days at room temperature
• Adopted widely by the farmers of Maharashtra
Salient Features
29
Due to intervention of KVK, 1612 farmers adopted drumstick cultivation in an
area of 1482.4 ha in Ahmednagar district in particular and 6452 farmers in 4822.2
ha in different parts of Maharashtra in general. Variety PKM-1 yielded 72-80 q/ha
in farmers fields and the highest yield recorded was 110 q/ha. Net income obtained
Dr Bhaskar Gaikwad
Programme Coordinator
Krishi Vigyan Kendra, PO: Babhaleshwar
Taluq Rahata, District Ahmednagar- 413737
Email: kvkahmednagar@yahoo.com
gaikwadbh@yahoo.com
Ph: 02422-252414/253612
Fax:02422-253536
Ph: 02422-273232/273312/253235 (R), M:09822519260
30
Unproductive Date Palm Paid Dividend
KVK Porbandar, Gujarat
• Unproductive date palms were made productive through manual pollination
technique taught by KVK
• Each plant provided an income of Rs 5000-10000
• Farmers of Advana and other 5 villages adopted the technology and raised their
income
• Nutri tious dates enriched the diet of local inhabi tants
Salient Features
31 31
N
aturally grown date palm in village Advana of district Porbandar do not
bear fruits due to no pollination. Such date palms are abundantly available
in 4-5 villages around Porbandar. Shri Laxambhai Odedra visited Kutchch
once and observed that farmers are producing good quality of dates from such
plants in Kutchch through manual pollination technique taught by KVK located
at Kutchch in Porbandar district.
He discussed the problem with KVK and obtained training on pollination
technique. KVK launched awareness camps on pollination technique with the
help of Shri Laxambhai in village Advana. Pollination technique was taught to
farmers and they did cross pollination to their unproductive date palms with an
instrument designed by KVK. It is made up of PVC pipe attached with one bottle
on one end and at another end attached one rubber pipe. Fill the bottle with
pollen mixed with talkcom powder and then pollinate the female flowers by blowing
air through mouth. Length of instrument can be adjusted depending upon height
of the plant. Farmers were highly delighted when their unproductive date palms
produced quality dates in bumper quantity of 100-200 kg dates from each palm
which fetched an additional income of Rs 5000 to 10000 by selling at the rate of
Rs 50/kg.
Inspired by success of Shri Laxmanbhai and other farmers purchased date palm
seedlings from KVK and planted on the bunds of their farms and doing intercropping
also. Farmers of other 5 villages have also learnt the pollination technique and
produced quality dates which improved their income. Credit goes to Shri Laxam
Bhai Odedra who taught pollination technique under the awareness campaign
launched in collaboration with KVK .
Shri R.K. Oderdra
Programme Coordinator
Krishi Vigyan Kendra, JAU, Khapat
District Porbandar – 360579
Email: rkodedra@jau.in
Ph: 0286-2242416
M: 9825280843
34
Group Farming Revived Rice Cultivation
KVK Kollam, Kerala
I
n Kollam, rice area and production was 10187 ha and 22421t in 2003-04, 8949
ha and 20646t in 2004-05, 7281 ha and 16063t in 2005-06 and 5497 ha and
12580t in 2006-07, respectively, that shows drastic decline of 46 % in area and
44 % in production. It was one side and other was existing social milieu of the
district, where non availability of labour aggravated by the advent of cashew factories
and their attractive pay offers. At this juncture, KVK Kollam formulated Comprehensive
Rice Production Package (CRISP) and implemented in Panthaplavu, Pattazhi with a
total fund outlay of Rs 1.88 lakh in 2007-08. Later it was extended to four other
panchayaths of Kollam in 2008-09 and nine blocks of the district in 2009-10 with
the financial outlay of Rs 2.8 lakh and Rs 3.78 lakh, respectively.
Under the technical guidance of KVK, group approach of rice cultivation was
taken up in Pattazhi Panchayat of Pathanapuram block by 31 farmers in an area of
6.26 ha in rabi season of 2007-08 and subsequently it was increased by 71 farmers of
Kareepra panchayat in Kottarakara block in 15 ha, 17 farmers of Edamulackal panchayat
in Anchal block in 5 ha, 11 farmers of Perayam panchayat in Chittumala block in 3 ha,
31 farmers of Pattazhi panchayat in Pathanapuram block in 7 ha in rabi season of
2008-09, 16 farmers of Elampallur panchayat in Mukhathala block in 5 ha, 18 farmers
of Thrikaruva panchayat in Anchalamoodu block in 5 ha, 24 farmers of Cheriyavellinallur
panchayat in Chadayamangalam block in 5 ha, 55 farmers of Kareepra Panchayat in
Kottarakara block in 10 ha in kharif season of 2009-10, 15 farmers of Edamulackal
panchayat in Anchal block in 5 ha, 20 farmers of Veliyam Panchayat in Kottarakara
block in 8 ha, 5 farmers of Paripally Panchayat in Ithikara block in 3 ha, 23 farmers of
Pattazhi panchayat in Pathanapuram block in 5 ha in rabi season of 2009-10, and 43
farmers of Kadapuzha panchayat in Sasthancotta block in 12.5 ha in Summer season
of 2009-10. Grain yield of rice increased from 3.0 t/ha in 2007-08 followed by 4.1 t/
ha in 2008-09 and 4.8 t/ha in 2009-10. Key elements for successful increase of grain
yield were community, resources, integration, sustainability and profitability.
Community based management of resources such as inputs, labor, farm machinery
etc as well as implementation of sowing, transplanting, intercultural operations, plant
protection measures, harvesting and marketing were effectively and successfully carried
out by the groups.
It was successfully disproved the notion that rice cultivation is non profitable.
Timely input supply, technical interventions, regular field visits and confidence instilled
in the farmers convinced them that rice could be re-introduced in the same glory as
that of a decade before in the abandoned paddy lands.
• Capaci t y building of farmers in group management and scientific cul tivation practices
• Raised rice nurser y on communi t y basis
• Purchased plant protection chemicals in a lot for entire area
• Reduced cost of cul tivation by 30% by synchronized planting and farm operations
• Proved the possibili t y of group farming and par ticipator y resource management for
increasing productivi t y of rice that revived rice cul tivation
Salient Features
35
Dr Sheeba Rabecca Issac
Programme Coordinator
Krishi Vigyan Kendra
Sadanandapuram PO, Kottarakara
District Kollam - 691550
Email: kvkkollam@yahoo.com
drsubaidabeevi@gmail.com
Ph: 0474-2459388
Fax: 0474-2459388
36
SRI Brings a New Horizon in Rice Cultivation
KVK East Sikkim, Sikkim
R
ice is staple food of Sikkim and is second most important cereal crop of the
state followed by maize. It is cultivated in an area of 14150 ha with a
productivity of 1515 kg/ ha which is very meagre. This is mainly due to
conventional method of rice cultivation under organic condition coupled with use
of local rice cultivars like Attey (Thulo and Sano), Krishnabhog, Dudhetulsi and
Dudhkante.
KVK East Sikkim introduced SRI in rice cultivation through a series of activities.
KVK conducted FLD on SRI recommended by ICAR Research Complex, Sikkim
Centre with local rice cultivar Attey during kharif, 2008-09 and 2009-10 in Rey
Mindu village, Chhota Singtam and Aho villages. It was recorded an average yield
of 19.1 and 23.25 q/ha during kharif 2008-09 and 2009-10 as compared to the
check yield of 15.9 and 19.6 q/ ha, respectively, under conventional method. An
increase of 20% yield was obtained with SRI on same local variety (Attey) with
Benefit Cost Ratio of 2.3 wherein cost of cultivation was Rs10950/ha with a net
return of Rs 25550.
Though SRI was initially objected by the farmers to be more labour intensive
and apprehended to be a failure technology, but due to close supervision and
monitoring of KVK, the success of SRI technology was realised by the farmers in
enhancing rice productivity. Farmers adopted SRI in rice cultivation in more than
40 ha area during Kharif, 2010-11 in the district. Besides, State Department of FS
& AD, Government of Sikkim has taken up SRI programme in several places as per
the demand of farmers.
Shri Lendop Lepcha (9434153562), Shri Chumdem Lepcha (9800953960) from
Rey Mindu village, Shri Gopal Podiyal (9609774562) from Chotta Singtam village,
Shri Vashu Dev Bhatrai (9832005485) from Lower Aho village are few successful
as well as contact farmers to fellow farmers in the district. Farmers of East Sikkim
are now progressing with SRI towards making the district as rice bowl of Sikkim.
• SRI saved seed cost as the seed requirement is less
• Improved the soil aeration and incorporation of weed biomass in to soil
• Obser ved low incidence of pests and diseases as the soil is allowed to dr y
intermi t tently
• Facili tated easy to take up intercul tural operation as i t was planted in rows
• Gave higher yield due to profuse root system leading to high uptake of nutrients
resul ting in more number and vigorous productive tillers
• SRI changed the rice scenario in East Sikkim
Salient Features
37
Dr A. K. Mohanty
Programme Coordinator
Krishi Vigyan Kendra East Sikkim
ICAR Research Complex for NEH Region
Ranipool, District East Sikkim-737135
Email: dramulyakumar@gmail.com
akmohanty2004@yahoo.co.in, east sikkimkvkicar@yahoo.com
Ph: 03592-251311
Fax: 03592-251311
Ph: 03592- 231274 (R), M: 09434750778
38
SRI Doubled Rice Productivity
KVK Trivandram, Kerala
R
ice cultivation found to be non-profitable and area is declining day by day
in Kerala due to several technical and social problems relating to rice sector.
Erratic rains, non-availability and high cost of labour and high input prices
are some of the major factors responsible for decline. KVK Trivandrum initiated to
promote System of Rice Intensification (SRI) as a new rice production method in
2003. KVK tested SRI at farmers field for identification of local adaptability. KVK
worked in collaboration with Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Coimbatore for
technical back up and supply of critical inputs for promoting SRI. As a first step,
KVK selected Nellanad panchayat which is 30 km North of Trivandrum. Name of
the place itself means The Land of Rice but due to high cost of cultivation and less
profit from rice cultivation, area under rice was fast dwindling. Due to KVK
intervention, all 66 farmers of Nellanad padasekharam (10 ha) are cultivating rice
in SRI method for the past five years during Kharif and rabi crops. KVK trained over
3000 farmers and 800 extension workers of government, non-government,
voluntary action groups and private agencies on SRI in several districts of Kerala
and motivated hundreds of farmers to adopt the practice, without any
discontinuance. Along with SRI, KVK introduced rotary marker, rotary weeder,
leaf colour chart (LCC) and Pseudomonas fluorescence for the first time in Kerala.
A total of 375 individual farmers adopted SRI in an area of 250 ha. KVK has
successful in doubling the rice yield (7.0 t/ha) as compared with the state average
of 3 to 3.5 t/ha. Farmers said this was the highest yield ever recorded. Elated by
the unexpected bumper yield, farmers organised a harvest festival in the locality
and shared their happiness and experiences.
Hon’ble Minister of Agriculture Shri Mullakkara Ratnakaran inaugurated rice
cultivation with SRI at 3 ha low land fields of Poojappura central jail, Trivandram
on 16
th
December, 2008 and Shri Ratnakaran himself participated harvest festival
of the same crop. This was mooted to implement SRI in the farm of Open Jail at
Nettukalthery under the technical guidance of Mitraniketan KVK.
KVK has organised series of workshops on SRI. Responses were high towards
mass media programmes conducted by KVK through AIR and Doordarsan. Success
of KVK for increasing rice production through SRI served as a means to develop a
policy note by the Government of Kerala to promote SRI in the state. For the first
time KVK SMS has bagged Karshakamitra 2004-2005 - a prestigious award of
State Government of Kerala for the best extension functionary in the field of
agriculture. Thus, an extension design adopted by KVK was highly successful for
the promotion of SRI at different levels in Kerala.
• SRI saved cost of seeds, labour, chemical fer tilizers and pesticides
• SRI gave double yield due to profuse tillers, icreased panicle length and grain weight
• Mul tiplied seeds easily and ef fectively by the farmers themselves
• Promoted SRI through Government of Kerala
Salient Features
39
Dr Anina Susan Zachariah
Programme Coordinator
Krishi Vigyan Kendra, Mitraniketan P.O.
Vellanad, District Trivandrum-695543
Email: aninasz@yahoo.com
trivandrumkvk@yahoo.co.in
Ph: 0472-2882086
Fax: 0472-2882086
Ph: 0471- 2552213 (R), M: 09447741347
40
Remunerative Rice Cultivation through SRI
KVK Thiruvarur, Tamil Nadu
T
hiruvarur district is being the major partner of rice cultivation covering nearly 35000
ha during kharif in Tamil Nadu. Production and productivity during kharif is largely
varies due to uncertainty in receipt of canal water from Mettur dam. Of late, this
region is facing several problems viz., uncertainty in availability of canal water and paucity
of labour availability coupled with enhanced labour wages which led to rice cultivation
becomes lack luster and less profitable. With this background, KVK Thiruvarur introduced
SRI method of rice cultivation in the district by way of organizing training courses, OFTs,
FLDs, utilization of TV and AIR, periodical follow up, exhibitions, production of video
CD’s, audio recording of feedbacks, writing of success stories, publishing in the dailies
and journals and distribution of printed material in the form of booklets, leaflets and
pamplets. Further, trainees were taken on exposure visit to the fields of successful farmers
to create confidence and motivate them on SRI.
Rice productivity for the past 5 years in the district during different seasons shows
increasing trend. Production was 4764 kg /ha in Kuruvai 2004-05 and with in 5 years
(2008-09), the productivity has elevated to 7050 kg/ha. This massive increment is to the
tune of 47.9% over the last 5 years. This unimaginable yield enhancement is due to
expanded area under SRI and technological improvement coupled with farmers motivation.
In fact, area under SRI was only 600 ha in 2004-05 and now the area under SRI expanded
to 53700 ha in 2008-09. This remarkable spread achieved through the efforts of KVK as
well as extension functionaries from the State Government. This improved method of rice
cultivation (SRI) recorded higher grain yield which is 9.92% higher than the conventional
method of transplanting with a saving of Rs 735 in seed cost, Rs 3190 in labour cost
(nursery, transplanting, weeding and irrigation), Rs 300 in fertilizer cost and Rs 550 in
pesticide cost per ha. Totally Rs 5000/ha could be saved in the cost of cultivation with an
additional income due to increased grain yield and Benefit Cost Ratio of 2.99. In addition
to the monitory benefit this method of cultivation also reduced the quantity of fertilizer
and pesticide application.
SRI method becomes a profitable and alternate method of rice cultivation especially
during the water scarcity period and more than 90% of the farmers in Amirthavalli,
Chetichathiram, Melathirupalagudi, Pulavarnatham, Pandaravadai, Thirumahalam and
Melanagai villages are adopting this method during Kuruvai season. Shri K. Meganathan,
a progressive farmer of Edamelaiyur village in Needamangalam block was the pioneer in
adoption of SRI in the district since 2005, now cultivating 5.6 ha of wet land under SRI
only, Shri R.Kalyanasundaram, a progressive farmer of Thattaikkalpadugai of
Needamangalam block is adopting SRI and machine transplanting in about 8 ha of his
land and Shri S.Arunkumar, an M.B.A graduate of Neduvakottai village in Mannargudi
block is now cultivating rice under SRI in his entire 34.4 ha as he convinced with the
method.
• SRI saved water which reduced 4 irrigations over farmers practice
• SRI resul ted minimum use of inputs such as seed, fer tilizer and labour there by
increased net profi t
• SRI proved ef ficiency of mechanization in rice cul tivation
• SRI provided farmers a remunerative returns from rice cul tivation
Salient Features
41
Dr T. Senguttuvan
Programme Coordinator
Krishi Vigyan Kendra, Needamangalam
District Thiruvarur-614 404
Email: kvkndm@tnau.ac.in
senguttuvant@yahoo.co.in
Ph: 04367-261444
Fax: 04367-260666
04362-246980 (R), M: 09443450818
42
SRI Stimulated Rice Farmers
KVK Thiruvannamalai, Tamil Nadu
D
espite fluctuation in rice yield and income in Thiruvannamalai district, farmers
are being continuing rice cultivation as there is no suitable alternate crop to
replace. Main reasons behind for low net income from rice cultivation are
high seed rate, low productivity, improper nursery management, indiscriminate use
of chemicals, labour shortage and high wages. At this situation, KVK Thiruvannamalai
has played a major role in introduction of SRI method of rice cultivation in the
district. KVK undertaken various interventions to popularize SRI among farmers.
KVK conducted experiments on SRI in an area of 2.0 ha during kharif 2004 and
harvested an yield of 8.25 t/ha. This mooted to conduct a series of experiments as
well as activities by KVK both at KVK farm and farmers fields and made necessary
modifications in SRI method of rice cultivation to suit local conditions like use of
rotary marker for square planting, cono weeder for weed management etc. KVK
conducted SRI demonstrations in 59 ha covering 105 farmers belonging to 9 villages
viz., Kannamangalam, Kayanallur, Avanavadi, Kaveribakkam, Maruthadu, Jannamedu,
Kavedu, Semmampadi, and S.V. Nagaram during 2005-06 to 2009-10. Further, 94
training courses were organized exclusively on SRI for 1817 farmers and extension
personnel covering 178 villages in the district during 2005-06 to 2009-10.
Simultaneously, conducted 1112 field visits, 1850 telephonic advisory service, 10
exposure visits to 250 farmers, distributed 2500 booklets, 4000 pamphlets and
5000 leaflets on SRI in collaboration with TNAU and other line departments in the
district.
As per the record, a total of 1915 farmers of Arni block covered SRI in 1520 ha,
2100 farmers of West Arni block in 1680 ha, 2420 farmers of Vandavasi block in
1710 ha, 1350 farmers of Thellar block in 902 ha, 2352 farmers of Pernamallur block
in 1110 ha, 3010 farmers of Cheyyar block in 2250 ha, 1760 farmers of Annakavoor
block in 1300 ha, 2916 farmers of Vembakkam block in 2450 ha, 1820 farmers of
Chetpet block in 1210 ha, 2164 farmers of Thiruvannamalai block in 1560 ha, 1990
farmers of Thurinjapuram block in 1284 ha, 2515 farmers of Kilpennathur block in
1525 ha,810 farmers of Chengam block in 510 ha, 2529 farmers of Thandarampattu
block in 1616 ha, 3116 farmers of Pudupalayam block in 1915 ha, 4013 farmers of
Polur block in 2916 ha, and 3323 farmers of Kalasapakkam block in 2412 ha in the
district. Percentage of yield increase with rice varieties ADT 37, 43 and 45 ranged
from 33.34 to 63.30 in all these blocks with a net income ranged from Rs 45700 to
52400 as compared to existing rice cultivation Rs 20680 to 31796. Thus, spread of
rice cultivation with SRI method was incredible.
• SRI method of rice cul tivation was followed by 40103 farmers of Thiruvannamalai
district in 27870 ha
• Average productivi t y of the rice has been increased from 5.61 t/ha to 7.70 t/ha
• A total of 624 members of farmers clubs as well as SHG’s have got self employment
by under taking mat nurser y raising, SRI rice planting and cono weeding
• Rice cul tivation has become more profi table through SRI which stimulated large number
of farmers
Salient Features
43
Mr N. Ramesh Raja
Krishi Vigyan Kendra, Kilnelli village
Chithathur PO, Cheyyar Taluq
District Thiruvannamalai-604410
Email: vedapurikvk@gmail.com
Ph: 04182-293484
Fax: 04182-201525
44
ICM Practices Revived Rice Cultivation
KVK Pathanamthitta, Kerala
I
n Pathanamthitta district, rice is cultivated in Midland, Malayoram Ecosystem and
Upper Kuttanad Ecosystem. Upper Kuttanad area where mainly rice is cultivated
covers 6 panchayaths that forms the part of rice bowl of Kerala. In Midland and
Malayoram ecosystem lands are interspersed with alternating hills and valley where
as in Upper Kuttanad area three river systems viz Achenkovil, Pampa and Manimala
flow in. However, the productivity of rice was only 2.8 t/ha which is not remunerative.
Major reason being rice cultivation becomes less remunerative due to high cost of
cultivation forcing farmers to leave rice fields fallow for years making it difficult for
revival.
With this background, KVK Pathanamthitta introduced Integrated Crop
Management (ICM) practices to reduce cost of cultivation of rice. ICM practices were
initially tested at Kuttor panchayath of Pulikezhu Block of Pathanamthitta district in
2007-08 by a group of 11 women SHG members. As a result,, farmers of Kuttor
panchayath adopted ICM practices in 20 ha in 2008-09 under the guidance of KVK.
Apart from this ICM technology was taken up in Ranny, Konny and Kulanada
Panchayaths of this district in 4 ha and State Rice Seed Farm in Pullad taken up ICM
cultivation in 0.4 ha by which they increased the production from 2.6 t to 5.1 t/ha.
During 2009-10 to counteract labour shortage, mechanization with paddy transplanter,
weeder, reaper, threasher cum winnower included in ICM technology and 1.0 ha was
covered farmers of Pandalam Thekkekara with the financial assistance from Deptartment
of Agriculture. Hybrid rice variety CORH-2 was on farm tested in 1ha and gave an
yield of 10.2 t/ha. Farmers club sponsored by CADR-KVK with financial support from
NABARD was started at Pandalam Thekkekara and collective operations was done by
Padashekara Samathis of different rice cultivating areas (Padashekaram) in mechanized
transplanting. There is a strong linkage with concerned line deparments for impleting
ICM practices in rice in large area. In ICM, farmers were given choice of selection of
suitable practices from the basket of options such as selection of locally adapted rice
varieties, use of good quality seeds, practices in raising seedlings for transplanting,
crop need based nutrient application, irrigation scheduling, IPM etc. there by reduced
the cost of rice cultivation which resulted to revive rice cultivation from fallow lands
kept years together.
• Brought down seed rate from 65-80 Kg/ha to 12 kg/ha in manual ICM transplanting
and 30 kg/ha in mechanized transplanting
• Brought down nurser y area from 1000 m
2
/ha to 20m
2
/ha in manual ICM and 40 m
2
in
mechanized transplanting
• Used Tricho-cards for control of pest like leaf folder and stem borer replacing chemical
pesticides application
• Reduced fer tilizer application by 18- 25 %. through si te specific nutrient management
and Leaf Colour Char t (LCC)
• Saved irrigation water by over 50 % wi th practice of intermi t tent irrigation during the
vegetative phase
Salient Features
45
Dr C.P. Robert
Programme Coordinator
Krishi Vigyan Kendra, Kolabhagom P.O.
Thadiyoor, Tiruvalla
District Pathanamthitta-689545
Email: cardkvk@yahoo.com
Ph: 0469-2662094/2753383
Fax: 0469-2662094
Ph: 0469-2753382 (R), M: 09847298918
46
Transplanted Redgram Gave Bonus
KVK Bidar, Karnataka
B
idar district is considered as pulse bowl of Karnataka wherein pulses like
blackgram, greengram, redgram and bengalgram grown in 206717 ha. Among
these pulses, the share of redgram is 65642 ha. However, farmers facing
with low productivity of redgram with a yield gap of 1871 kg/ha. To address this,
KVK Bidar organized interface meet between farmers and KVK team wherein
emerged the idea of transplanting of redgram. Then, KVK conducted trials on
assessment of transplanted redgram during 2004-2006 and standardized the
transplanting method of redgram. The same technology was popularized through
frontline demonstrations during 2006-2007 wherein recorded an average yield of
34.8q/ha against 15.5 q/ha in check plots. From three years data of frontline
demonstrations, it was found that there was 69.71% to 138% increase in yield
with transplanting technology when compared to farmers practice.
Transplanted redgram started growing in Bidar district in an area of 400 ha in
2007-08 which was followed by 2000 ha in 2008-09 and 4000 ha in 2009-10
and harvested with the value of produce Rs 3.48 crore, Rs 24.94 crore and Rs
54.83 crore, respectively. Even under irrigated conditions transplanted redgram
emerged as a solution for alternate crop for distressed sugarcane farmers in the
district wherein they got a net profit of Rs 114500/ha with redgram as compared
to Rs 60000/ha with sugarcane.
Due to transplanted technology, living standard of redgram farmers is changing
in pulse bowl of Karnataka. Shri Gurulingappa Meladoddi (09343001275) from
Hudagi village, Shri Manik Deshmukh (09923439091) from Nimbur village under
Humanabad taluq, Shri Chandrappa Biradar (09449138532) from Ghodampalli
village under Bidar taluq, Shri Basantrao Patil (09481059785) from Ganganbeed
village under Aurad taluq, Shri Gurunath Nande (09591629991) from Uraki village
under Basavakalyan taluq are few successful farmers in Bidar district.Transplanting
of redgram has become talk of the day and spread technology to other districts like
Bagalkot, Gulbarga, Koppal, Haveri, Bijapur, Raichur, Yadgir in Karnataka and other
states like Maharashtra and Andhra Pradesh. Thanks to KVK Bidar to show the hidden
potentiality of redgram by way of transplanting method.
• Standardized seed to seed package of practices for transplanted redgram
• Transplanted method advanced sowing of redgram that minimized pod borer damage
• It enhanced deep rooting there by wi thstand against drought
• It saved input cost in the form of less seed rate, less plant protection etc
• Increased 2-3 fold yield due to profuse branching
• Tailor made technology for small and marginal farmers
Salient Features
47
Dr Ravi. C. Deshmukh
Programme Coordinator
Krishi Vigyan Kendra, P.O. Box 58
District Bidar-585 401
Email: kvkbidar@rediffmail.com
Ph: 08482-244155
Fax: 08482-244155
Ph: 08482-225830 (R), M: 09480696318
48
Crop Diversification with Groundnut Gained Success
KVK South Tripura, Tripura
U
pland rice crop in South Tripura district is not remunerative because of
low yield ranging between 650-934 kg/ha. In the year 2006-08, KVK South
Tripura introduced groundnut variety ICGV-86590 in South Takmacherra,
Santirbazar, Baisnabirchar, Battali, Dudhpushkarini, Mogpushkarini etc villages
through series of activities.
Two farmers namely, Shri Anand Mohan Patari of South Takmacherra and
Nibaran Debnath of Dudhpushkarni village of the district cultivated groundnut
variety ICGV-86590 and they harvested yield up to 300 kg from 0.16 ha.
Subsequently, groundnut varieties of ICGS-76 and GG-20 were cultivated by number
of farmers and they got yield up to 350 kg from 0.16 ha. They sold the produces as
seed to the neighbouring villages and earned an income of Rs 10000-12000 per
season from just 0.16 ha of land. In the year 2009, more than 7 q of seeds were
supplied to the farmers for expansion of groundnut in the district.
• Introduced improved varieties of groundnut and utilized fallow upland areas
• Substantial yield increase of improved variet y over local
• Use of low input and less management problems compared to rice and maize
• Created a great awareness among the farmer and groundnut is being expanded in
uplands
Salient Features
49
With the introduction of groundnut along with modern agronomic practices,
number of farmers and area increased from 7 to 71 ha and 1.2 to 20 ha, respectively,
in 3 years (2006-2009). Average yield has gone up to 1900 kg/ha and increased in
yield over local check (1200 kg/ha) which was 58.33%. At present, farmers of
South Tripura are selling groundnut seeds @ Rs 35-45 per kg in the local market
and earning up to Rs 66500 per ha with a Benefit Cost Ratio of 2.88.
Dr Arvind Kumar Singh
Programme Coordinator
Krishi Vigyan Kendra
P.O. Manpathar, Birchandramanu
South Tripura-799144
Email: singh_ak30@rediffmail.com
icarkvk_stripuraa@rediffmail.com
kvksouthtripura@rediffmail.com
Ph: 03823-252523
Fax: 03823-252523, M: 09856033391
50
Pea Farmers Flourished
KVK Thoubal, Manipur
P
ea cultivation, whether field or garden has not been a very successful venture
in Manipur even though farmers in the state take it up on small scales. In
Manipur, whether the pea is grown in field or garden, it is harvested as green
pods for culinary/vegetable purpose without much profit.
KVK Thoubal introduced a very innovative method of cultivation of garden
pea. Main features of this technology are wide spacing (2 x 2 ft), spare staking
with GI wire and nylon thread netting and utilizing the space between two plots
of pea by taking up intercrops. The method was assessed and a few modifications
were made in plot orientation, fertilizer dose and method of application, giving a
very high yield and Benefit Cost Ratio reaching up to 4.8. Method was
demonstrated at ten different locations successfully and was popularised through
different media. With an intercrop of cabbage, Benefit Cost Ratio increased to
11:1.
Seeing the success of the method, farmers adopted up to 0.5 ha individually.
Shri E.Rajen Singh (9856114191) of Warakhong, Shri W.Koklei Singh (9862122089)
• Used less seed
• Enabled intercropping, relay cropping, and crop rotation
• Practiced minimum tillage
• Yield advantage achieved up to 53% over farmers practice
• Adopted in large scale
• Achieved higher green pod yield wi th Benefi t Cost Ratio of 4.8
Salient Features Salient Features Salient Features Salient Features Salient Features
51
of Wabagai, Shri K.Jayanta Singh (9856116949) of Wabagai are some of the
successful farmers of Thoubal district. Shri Sapam Lukhoi Singh has taken up
truthfully labelled seed production of pea to meet the increasing demand under
the guidance of KVK.
Dr S. Nimaichand Singh
Programme Coordinator
Krishi Vigyan Kendra, Thoubal
Wangbal Rice Research Station
Director of Agriculture, Govt. of Manipur
District Thoubal-795001
Email: kvkthoubal@gmail.com, onobo.singh@gmail.co
Ph: 03848-201559
Fax:03848-201559
52
Soybean Replaced Drilled Rice
KVK Tapi, Gujarat
L
ow income from drilled rice, a staple food, due to high investment on seed,
labour and non-availability of life saving irrigation resulted in un-economical
farming for farmers in Tapi, Surat and Dangs districts of eastern tribal hilly
region of Gujarat. KVK Tapi organized farmers-scientists interface meet wherein
KVK and tribal farmers discussed the scope of diversified farming in these districts.
The aim was to enhance the income of farmers by replacing drilled rice with cash
crop soybean. Farmers were not aware about the improved agro techniques with
respect to soybean as it is a new introduction in the tribal area.
KVK trained farmers on soybean cultivation and introduced cv GS-2 of soybean
in place of drilled rice in the villages of three districts namely, Tapi, Narmada and
Dangs through organization of 100 demonstrations covering 40 ha belonging to
100 farmers during 2007-08. Crop was given balanced dose of fertilizer and
protected from insect pests using integrated pest management practices. Increase
in income due to soybean cultivation over drilled rice ranged Rs 17000 to 20000/
ha, which was 58% higher than drilled rice crop. Soybean was also found to be
replacing the dietary system of villagers due to training on protein enrichment by
soybean.
Farmers perceived that the cultivation of soybean is highly remunerative owing
to less labour requirement for weeding, less investment on fertilizers and pesticides
and less requirement for water in comparison to drilled rice. Inspired by the
performance of crop, many farmers purchased seed from FLD farmers and replaced
the drilled rice with this variety during 2008-09. It has been observed that 50%
area under drilled rice has been replaced by soybean cv GS-2 by 2009-10 in these
districts. The venture on crop diversification has not only improved the production
but also changed the socio-economic status of tribal farmers in the hilly region.
• Less investment for labour for weeding
• Less water requirement due to deep rooting
• Saving in seed, fer tilizers and pesticides
• Being leguminous crop is highly sui table crop rotation wi th cereals and vegetables
• Gave profi t of Rs17000-20000/ha over drilled rice which was 58% more income
• Replaced 50% area of drilled rice in 3 districts
Salient Features
53
Dr Nikulsinh Madhusinh Chauhan
Programme Coordinator
Krishi Vigyan Kendra
Navasari Agricultural University
Unai Road, Vyara, District Tapi,Gujarat, India
Email: kvkvyara@yhoo.co.in
Ph: 02626-221869
02626-221869/220212
M: 09427868668
54
Profit Oriented Rice-Wheat Sequence
KVK Anantnag, Jammu & Kashmir
T
raditional rice based cropping systems (rice-fallow and rice-oats) could hardly
meet the minimum basic requirements of daily life of the farming families in
Anantnag district. On an average, a net profit of Rs 40660 and Rs51882/ha
was realized from rice-fallow and rice-oats cropping patterns, respectively.
Compared to this, rice-wheat sequence gave total returns of Rs109524 with a net
profit of Rs 61136/ha. Thus, an additional income of Rs 20447 and Rs 9254 could
be realized with rice-wheat sequence over rice-fallow and rice-oats cropping pattern,
respectively.
In order to disseminate rice-wheat sequence among farmers of the district,
KVK Anantnag conducted frontline demonstrations in 18.2 ha area of 65 farmers/
farmwomen during last 3 years. A total of 22 field days were also organized involving
around 2000 farmers/farmwomen.
• Rice-wheat sequence gave an income of Rs109524 wi th a net profi t of Rs 61136/
ha
• Rice-wheat sequence gave an addi tional profi t of Rs 20447 and Rs 9254 over
rice-fallow and rice-oats cropping systems, respectively
• Increased the availabili t y of cat tle and poul tr y feed wi th rice-wheat sequence
Salient Features
55
Successful results of the demonstrations conducted on rice-wheat sequence
particularly with respect to the timely maturity of wheat crop attracted other
farmers of these villages to adopt this sequence. About1100 farmers from the
same village and also in other villages in the vicinity have adopted rice-wheat
sequence.
Dr Mohd Amin Zargar
Programme Coordinator
Krishi Vigyan Kendra, Pombay
Anantnag-192101
Email: kvkanantnag@rediffmail.com
Ph: 01931-213492
Fax: 01931-213492-228346
Ph: 01931-213492 (R), M: 09906616078
56
Biogas Slurry Doubled Rice Productivity
KVK West Garo Hills, Meghalaya
W
est Garo Hills district of Meghalaya is covering about 42472 ha under
rice of which sali paddy grown in 17354 ha with the productivity of
1.22 t/ha which is lower than national average productivity of 2.15 t/
ha. However, yield gap is about 9.3 q/ha in paddy. Productivity of low land rice is
very low as compared to other parts of the country due to non-application or
hesitation to apply chemical fertilizers to increase the productivity of lowland rice.
KVK West Garo Hills introduced biogas slurry in Sali rice through a series of
activities during 2006-08. Farmers obtained an average yield of 51.0 q/ha with the
biogas slurry as against 28 q/ha in farmers practice. Farmers got a net return of Rs
26000/ha and Benefit Cost Ratio of 3.1 from biogas slurry + lime application
against the net return of Rs 12750/ha and Benefit Cost Ratio of 2.5 in farmers
practice. Shri Haradhan Mahanta (09436708122) from Puthimari village in CD
block Betasing of West Garo Hills district is acting as contact farmer to fellow
farmers in the district.
• Wi th biogas slurr y, paddy variet y Aghoni bora yielded 51 q/ha against existing
farmers practice yield of 28 q/ha
• Obser ved less insect-pest and diseases incidence
• Sustained soil fer tili t y and environmental heal th
• Fetched net profi t of Rs 26000/ha wi th Benefi t Cost Ratio of 3.1
Salient Features
57
Mr A.S. Singh
Programme Coordinator
Krishi Vigyan Kendra
Tura, Sangsangiri, P.O. Dobasipara
District West Garo Hills-794005
Email: shyam_westgaro@rediffmail.com
kvk_tura@yahoo.com
Ph: 03651-222535
Fax: 03651-222535
Ph: 03651- 223723 (R), M: 09436112118
58
Impact of Frenchbean Intercropping with Sugarcane
KVK Bijnor, Uttar Pradesh
S
ugarcane is an important cash crop of mid western plain zone which occupies
nearly 70 % of cultivated land. In district Bijnor, sugarcane has status of
main crop and productivity of sugarcane in the district is 641q/ha which is
very low in comparison to national average. Farmers are growing sugarcane as a
sole crop over a large area and due to mono-cropping productivity and income per
unit land is very low. During 2004-05, KVK Bijnor took the opportunity with an
objective to increase the production, productivity, income and to reduce the risk
factors of marginal and small sugarcane growing farmers and a survey was
conducted to explore the possibilities of intercropping with sugarcane. It was
found that some of the marginal and small farmers were growing frenchbean in
small pockets with the low productivity. Main constraints of low productivity
were old variety, improper fertilization and indiscriminative plant protection
measures. Then, KVK introduced inter cropping of sugarcane with frenchbean on
interested farmers fields to disseminate this system among the farmers. They were
trained at KVK on different aspects of intercropping, IPM, fertilizer management,
varietal importance and economics.
Due to the extensive efforts and guidance of KVK, farmers are taking keen
interest in sugarcane + frenchbean intercropping. Now they are very well aware
about synergistic effect of intercropping system. They are growing frenchbean
without additional supply of fertilizer. Plant protection measures and weed
management practices applied for frenchbean has direct impact on sugarcane
yield.
Farmers are selling their intercrop produce in the mandis of Naziababad,
Kotdwar, Haridwar and Dehradun. Farmers from 6 villages have adopted this system
and area under sugarcane + frenchbean system is gradually increasing from 0.8 ha
in 2004-05 to 24.8 ha in 2008-09. Similarly, productivity of frenchbean also
increased from 90 q/ha (2004-05) to 140 q/ha (2008-09) with an increase in net
income from Rs 13750/ha in 2004-05 to Rs 48500/ha in 2008-09. Thus, the area
and productivity under sugarcane + frenchbean system is increasing year by year.
• KVK introduced frenchbean as an inter crop in sugarcane
• Frontline demonstrations on sugarcane + french bean intercropping were
conducted
• Area and productivi t y under sugarcane + frenchbean system is increased there
by increased net income of the farmers
Salient Features
59
Dr Satish Kumar
Programme Coordinator
Krishi Vigyan Kendra, Rice Research Station
Nagina, District Bijnour-246762
Email: sathish.nagina@gmail.com
Ph: 01343-250489
01343-250489
M: 09412311504
60
Precision Farming Pride for Farmers
KVK Puducherry, Puducherry
K
VK Puducherry introduced precision farming through a series of activities.
Shri Batcha , a farmer of village Pandasozhanallur, Nettapakkam Commune,
Puducherry adopted precision farming in his farm under the technical
backstopping of KVK. As a first step, KVK enrolled him as a beneficiary under
Puducherry Precision Farming Project during 2008. Then he was technically guided
in establishing the drip and fertigation structures at 100% subsidy by the
Government of Puducherry.
He cultivated brinjal with precision farming technology. He used the brinjal
seedlings raised in protrays obtained from Hitech Nursery at Madagadipet. He
raised the crop in an area of 0.8 ha during September 2008 and harvested 150 MT
of Brinjal up to March 2009. The farmer could get a gross income to the tune of Rs
12 lakh within six months by selling produce. He used brinjal varieties Koyembedu/
Panrutti which fetches an appreciable price in the market. Convinced by the success
of the technology he has expanded the area further to another 1.00 ha with brinjal
variety Ujjala and raised the crop during October 2009. Though the crop suffered
during the initial period of two months with incessant rains the farmer could
manage to obtain 45 MT of brinjal up to May 2010 and could get a gross income
of Rs 4.75 Lakh.
Interesting to note that his only son Shri Jayaprakash an IT professional who
was working at Chennai has moved from Chennai to Puducherry to assist his
father in farming as he is confident that precision farming undertaken with
appropriate market tie-up will be more remunerative than IT industry. Farmer has
keen to organize his fellow farmers into a group farming Puducherry Precision
Farming Farmers Association for which he remains as the President. He shares his
experiences as a resources person in meetings organized by KVK for the benefit of
the fellow farmers.
• Introduced precision farming in Puducherr y wi th 100% financial suppor t from the
Government of Puducherr y
• Shri Batcha successfully adopted the precision farming and cul tivated brinjal crop
by seedlings raised in protrays
• Wi thin si x months, Shri Batcha obtained a gross income of Rs 14 lakh from 0.8 ha
land under precision farming
• Precision farming created employment to rural women
Salient Features
61
Shri A. Ramamourti
Programme Coordinator
Krishi Vigyan Kendra, Kurumbapet
Puducherry-605 009
Email: pondicherrykvk@yahoo.co.in
Ph: 0413-2271352/2271292
Fax: 0413-2279758
Ph: 0413-2206666 (R), M: 09443235329/09442502109
62
Relay Cropping Pleased Vegetable Growers
KVK Saharanpur, Uttar Pradesh
S
hri Sethpal Singh a young farmer of village Nandifirozpur, block Baliakheri of
district Saharanpur has set an example of intensive vegetable production
technology. Shri Sethpal Singh has 4 brothers, out of them three are government
servants and one Shri Ram Kumar assists him in farming. Shri Singh has 5.5 ha land
and he mainly cultivates rice, wheat and sugarcane. Shri Sethpal Singh saw a television
programme where a farmer successfully cultivated Singhara in a field which has 2.5
feet height bund all around. After that Shri Sethpal Singh visited KVK Saharanpur
and discussed about its feasibility.
Under the KVK guidance, Shri Singh divided his field of 1.0 ha in three parts and
after filling the water in 2.5 feet bunded fields, seedlings of Singhara were sown at
right places. He put the Singhara seedlings during May so that he could sell in the
market during November to June. Quality of Singhara was excellent because of clean
and quality water. From one 1.0 ha area, a net profit of Rs 110000 was obtained in
5-6 months.
After harvesting of Singhara, water was drained out and biomass was ploughed
in the field which increased the fertility level of field. Fenugreek was sown during last
week of January which was harvested green during March with a net profit of Rs
53000. After that the field was divided in two equal parts where french bean and
lobia were sown in first week of April on raised bed and green pods were harvested
during June which gave a net profit of Rs 56000. Meanwhile in the month of February
bitter gourd seeds were sown in polythene bags and then transplanted on raised
beds where lobia and french bean were sown. For bitter gourd plants stacking was
done in the field at a cost of Rs 25000 with the help of bamboo and plastic wires.
Bitter gourd started fruiting from June to mid September with a net profit of Rs
38500. During August, bottle gourd was planted which gave fruits from October to
December with a net profit of Rs 77000. During January first week spinach was
sown in the field and harvested green during February/March with a net profit of Rs
52000.
By relay cropping system of vegetable (singhara – fenugreek – french bean +
lobia – bitter gourd – bottle gourd – spinach) a net profit of Rs 353300 was obtained
in two years which was higher than rice – wheat – sugarcane rotation under traditional
cultivation. Shri Sethpal Singh has 15 vermicomposting units which he fully utilizes
in vegetable crops. Quality of vegetable is such that whole sellers book the vegetables
in advance on premium price. Whole process of cultivation was under taken under
close supervision of KVK. About 50 farmers have adopted the intensive vegetable
cultivation after motivation by visiting the field of Shri Sethpal Singh.
• Singhara was cul tivar in a field which had 2/5 feet height bund all around
• Wi thin a shor t span of 2 years, a net profi t of Rs 353300 was obtained by relay cropping
system of vegetable (singhara – fenugreek – french bean + lobia – bi t ter gourd – bot tle
gourd – spinach)
• Adopted intensive vegetable cul tivation by the farmers as they pleased the profi ts from a
piece of land
Salient Features
63
Dr Praveen Kumar Singh
Programme Coordinator
Krishi Vigyan Kendra, Numaish Camp
New Gopal Nagar
District Saharanpur-247001
Email: saharanpurkvk@gmail.com
praveen_1966@yahoo.com
Ph: 0132-2664480
M: 09411078115
64
Production Practices Promoted Tomato Productivity
KVK Chirang, Assam
M
d. Sukur Ali is a middle aged resident of Alengmari village of Bijni sub
division of newly formed Chirang district who took up agriculture as his
profession and livelihood long back. Agriculture and horticulture were
the major components of his farming system. Major portion of his area is medium
in situation, therefore, he preferred rice cultivation during kharif season as rainfed
followed by rabi crops such as toria, lentil, tomato, brinjal, cole crops etc . Although,
he got involved with various agricultural activities throughout the year, he could
hardly manage to fulfill his family needs from agriculture. He was not well aware of
HYVs and scientific methods of cultivation which debarred him from adopting
new technologies as well rainfed farming situation also contributed to lower crop
yield.
It was in 2008, that a newly established KVK, Bongaigaon (Chirang) entered
into his village for transfer of agricultural technologies and identified Md Sukur Ali
as one of its beneficiary for various demonstrations and training programmes. He
was trained in new technologies such as nursery management, land preparation,
transplanting, fertility management, weed management, pest management etc of
various field and vegetable crops and provided with all necessary technical guidance.
Tomato is an important vegetable crop of his locality grown during winter season.
Although, high yielding varieties and improved crop management practices were
introduced in his area, however, moisture stress condition at different stages of
• Tomato variet y Avinash 2 yielded 600 q/ha under recommended irrigation
management practice against 487.5 q/ha under conventional crop
• Application of 6 cm irrigation water at 10-12 days inter val to maintain required soil
moisture status resul ted in 23% higher yield than the conventional practice
• Gave a net profi t of Rs 256542 per ha wi th Benefi t Cost Ratio of 6.9
Salient Features
crop growth often leads to lower crop yield. Knowledge on irrigation water
application is not sufficient as some farmers apply irrigation without considering
critical stages, methods as well as depth of irrigation. Considering the necessity of
water application in tomato, he adopted irrigation management in 1.0 ha during
2008-09 under the guidance of KVK. He paid full attention to tomato crop and
harvested an yield of 600 q/ha which resulting 23% higher yield than conventional
practice and earned a net profit of Rs 256542/ha against Rs 203292 with
conventional practice. This has created awareness among the farmers of Alengmari
village as how important irrigation at critical stages of crop growth and depth of
irrigation. Md Sukur Ali is now a happy man with a secured future through
agriculture and also becomes an inspiration for many farmers.
65
Dr Sunil Kumar Paul
Programme Coordinator
Krishi Vigyan Kendra, Bongaigaon
Kajalgaon P.O., District Chirang-783385
Email: kvkbngn@gmail.com
Ph: 03664-243775
M: 09435120552
66
Potato Productivity Enhanced by Contract Farming
KVK Dhubri, Assam
D
hubri district of Assam has tremendous potential for potato cultivation
due to favourable soil and climatic conditions. But farmers are not getting
remuneration from potato cultivation because of unorganized production
as well as marketing system. Under such situation, KVK Dhubri introduced
Contract Farming Programme (CFP) in 2007- 08 in collaboration with state- based
Contract Farming Company (CFC), financial institution SBI and 3000 selected
potato growers targeting a production system of about 400 ha. KVK provided the
technical input and guided for the development of a operational business model
to fulfill the interest of all stakeholders. Notably, during that year, occurrence of a
market glut created a situation of distress sale of potato. But, contract farmers got
rid of adversity by dint of buy-back arrangement with a pre-determined price @
Rs 4000/t and it has clearly shown the advantage that farmers got through contract
farming.
Contract farming experience motivated farmers further to work in groups for
gaining collective strength. As a result of which, potato crop exhibited horizontal
spread accompanied by intensification of cold storage activities by farmers groups
in 2008-09. In continuation, KVK has trained enthusiastic young farmers on seed
production of potato using TPS technology in 2009-10. After a successful harvest,
TPS growers opted for cold storage of TPS tuber lets to be used as seed material in
next season.
• Promotion of the concept of contract farming
• CFP provided bet ter availabili t y of production inputs at farm, minimization of market
risk and assurance of farm income
• Opened avenues for potato seed production
• Developed rural agri-entrepreneurship and rural agri- business hub
• Mobilized higher credi t flow to agricul ture
Salient Features
Established Agri-clinic and Agri-service Centres in the villages under the
technical guidance and support of CFC. Besides, group activity comprehensively
oriented the different stakeholders to the elements of organized farming for assured
reaping of benefits. Contract Farming Programme amply demonstrated its role in
improving the rural livelihood with minimization of risk and opened up avenues
for transforming farmers to become entrepreneurs. Such attempts could be of
paramount significance to the resource-poor farmers of North Eastern India for
stabilizing their occupation with agriculture.
67
Dr Sarat Saikia
Programme Coordinator
Krishi Vigyan Kendra, Dhubri, AAU
Bilasipara, Satber
Bilasipara Ward No. 6
P.O Bilasipara (P.B. No. 1)
District Dhubri-783348
Email: sarat-hort@rediffmail.com
Ph: 03667- 250083
68
Crop Diversification Uphold Livelihood Security
KVK Jaunpur, Uttar Pradesh
S
hri Akhand Pratap Singh who belonged to a middle class family living in
village Dugaulikala of Badlapur block in Jaunpur district of Uttar Pradesh,
owns only 1.0 ha cultivated land for farming, through which he can fulfill his
family needs. He basically follows traditional cropping system i.e. maize-wheat-
pigeonpea. Through this system, he was unable to get desired income for livelihood
and for education of his children. Shri Singh participated in different training
programmes of KVK Jaunpur and adopted diversified farming from kharif, 2007.
As a first step, he started transplanting of green chilli in 0.2 ha along with traditional
farming in kharif, 2007. As a result, he got an yield of 18 q green chilli with a net
profit of Rs 34000. In next kharif , 2008, he cultivated chilli (0.4 ha), maize (0.4
ha) and pigeonpea (0.2 ha). Further, after harvesting maize plot, half of the plot
was grown by hybrid tomato (0.2 ha) and rest half area (0.2 ha) was cultivated by
wheat. Similarly, final picking of chilli was followed by cucurbits (0.4 ha) in zaid in
chilli plot. Pigeonpea field was covered through out the year. Usually farmer could
earn a net profit of Rs 23200 only by using traditional farming (maize-wheat,
pigeonpea) in one cropping year, while he gained a net profit of Rs 124500 from
same piece of land by crop diversification.
Farmer has kept a crossbred cow for milk production and few bee boxes for
honey production as per guidance given by KVK. By observing such a success and
prosperity achieved by Shri Singh, other farmers motivated and came into contact
• KVK motivated farmers for the adoption of crop diversification
• Farmers included vegetables in their tradi tional faming as diversified crops to
increase their income and ensure livelihood securi t y
• Net profi t of Rs 124500/ha by using crop diversification
• Five Self Help Groups were formed wi th 81 members from 5 villages and doing
farming wi th crop diversification
Salient Features
with KVK. Looking the interest and curiosity among farmers of near by villages,
KVK organized training courses and group discussions in villages for providing
information regarding new technologies to enhance the production and economics
as well as to ensure better livelihood of the small and marginal farmers of the area.
Under the leadership of Shri Singh, 5 Self Help Groups were formed with 81 members
from 5 villages. In kharif , 2009, 72 farmers started the planting of chilli variety
K.A.2 in 19 ha. Similarly, hybrid tomato was planned in 8.0 ha by 42 farmers in
October after harvesting of kharif maize. Thus, KVK has created significant impact
on crop diversification among farmers.
69
Dr Tribhawan Singh
Programme Coordinator
Krishi Vigyan Kendra, Krishi Bhavan
Politechnic Chauraha
District Jaunpur-222002
Email: kvkjnp@rediffmail.com
drsingh_2009@india.com
M: 09450575746
70
Tensiometer Saved Irrigation Water
KVK Sangrur, Punjab
S
uccessful production of rice needs more water than any other crop. Scientists
of Punjab Agricultural University tried to develop suitable irrigation methods
as well as to quantify the amount of water to be applied to rice crop for
saving precious nature’s gift. Method of irrigation in rice was refined by applying
water in rice field two days after complete percolation of water which resulted in
34% saving of water. They were successful in saving 20% more water in rice with
the help of Tensiometer. It is a simple instrument consisting of ceramic cup,
transparent tube and gauge. Ceramic cup having small holes is attached with the
gauge with the help of transparent tube and filled with distilled water. Before
fitting the Tensiometer in the soil, make a 15-20 cm deep hole in the soil with the
help of a tube of similar dimensions. Put the soil solution in the hole and insert
Tensiometer in the hole so that the ceramic cup should be deep in the solution.
Soil solution is put in hole to avoid infiltration of water from the cup. To know the
suction in soil, the gauge is read after sun rise in the morning and water is applied
to crop only after reading is 150 cm. When water level in the tube decreases
below 2 cm, it is again filled with distilled water. For the convenience of farmers to
easily read instrument, two coloured strips are used instead of a gauge. If the
water inside small tube remains in green strip then there is no need of irrigation to
rice and it is needed only when its level goes down to yellow strip.
• Tensiometer saves 15-20% irrigation water wi th intermi t tent irrigation at inter val of
2 days wi thout any adverse ef fect on crop yield
• Tensiometer technology is simple to use and convinced farmers to adopt in large
scale
• Achieved water conser vation by use of Tensiometer technology especially in rice
crop
Salient Features
KVK Sangrur disseminated tensiometer technology in different districts of
Punjab through organisation of training programmes on Tensiometer for farmers,
farm women, rural youth and extension personnel during the last four years. Further,
organized demonstrations on this technology at farmers fields. Effort of KVK and
development departments have shown the positive change among farmers and
they are practicing Tensiometer technology realizing the concern of water saving
especially in rice crop due to depleting water table year by year.
71
Dr Jagdish Grover
Programme Coordinator
Krishi Vigyan Kendra
Kheri, District Sangrur-148001
Email: isingh2060@gmail.com
Ph: 01672- 245320
Fax: 01672- 245320
M: 09465821922, 09855321902
72
Regulated Irrigation Boosted Toria Yield
KVK Chirang, Assam
T
oria is most important oilseed crop of Bijni sub division of newly formed
Chirang district grown during winter season. Although, high yielding varieties
and improved crop management practices of toria were introduced in the
area, however, moisture stress condition at the later stages of crop growth often
leads to unfilled siliqua and poor crop yield. This problem is further aggravated
due to late sowing of crop as most of the farmers cultivate toria crop after harvesting
of long duration rice varieties. Knowledge on irrigation water application is not
sufficient as some farmers apply irrigation without considering critical stages as
well as depth of irrigation.
KVK Bongaigaon (Chirang) introduced irrigation management in toria by
organization of demonstrations in farmers field. It has created awareness among
the farmers of Matiapara village as how important irrigation at critical stages of
toria. Shri Parimal Mahapatra adopted irrigation management in toria during 2007-
08 under the technical guidance of KVK. He harvested a crop yield of 13q/ha with
irrigation management technology resulting 35% higher yield than conventional
practice and earned a net profit of Rs 24753/ha against Rs15300 with conventional
practice. In fact, he is a middle aged resident of Matiapara village of Bijni sub
division of newly formed Chirang district who took up agriculture as his profession
and livelihood few years back. Agriculture and horticulture were major components
• Toria variet y TS-36 yielded 13.5 q/ha under recommended irrigation management
practice against 10 q/ha under conventional crop
• One irrigation (6 cm) at silqua development stage resul ted in 35% higher yield
than the conventional practice
• Gave a net profi t of Rs 24753/ha wi th Benefi t Cost Ratio of 2.92
Salient Features
of his farming system. Major portion of his area is medium in situation, therefore,
he preferred rice cultivation during kharif season as rainfed followed by rabi crops
such as toria, tomato, brinjal, cole crops etc . He also cultivated summer vegetables
and summer blackgram in some parts of upland. Although, he got involved with
various agricultural activities throughout the year, he could hardly manage to
fulfill his family needs from agriculture few years back. Now he is a happy farmer
with a secured future through agriculture and also becomes an inspiration for
many farmers.
73
Dr Sunil Kumar Paul
Programme Coordinator
Krishi Vigyan Kendra, Bongaigaon
P.O. Kajalgaon, District Chirang-783385
Email: kvkbngn@gmail.com
Ph: 03664-243775
M: 09435120552
74
Management Enhanced Productivity of Orange Orchards
KVK South Sikkim, Sikkim
O
range (Sikkim mandarin) is one of the most important cash crops of Sikkim.
Area under orange in the state is 6298 ha with production of 1662 MT
and productivity of 1664 kg/ha and that of South Sikkim is 925 ha with
production of 1.740 q and productivity of 1881 kg/ha. From this data one can
easily make out that the climate of South Sikkim is very favorable for orange
cultivation. However, most of the orchards are becoming old and senile due to
poor management, diseases and pest.
KVK South Sikkim carried out programme on management of orange orchards
in Turuk village in South Sikkim. About 25 farmers covering 15 ha of orchards were
taken as OFTs. Programme started right after the harvest of crop. Farmers were
given training-cum-demonstration on training and pruning of the orchard and
application of organic manure and organic fertilizers. Farmers were trained in making
Cow Pat Pit (CPP) for pasting the trunk of the orange trees. Main problem in the
reduction of yield was due to fruit dropping which is caused by fruit flies. Farmers
were provided with pruning saw for cutting disease and dieback twigs and branches.
For the control of fruit flies and white grubs, 4 pheromone traps were hung in
• Management of old and senile orchards through pruning of dieback branches
• Application of CPP paste on the tree trunk
• Controlling stem borer by blocking the holes wi th kerosene
• Hanging of pheromone and light traps in the middle of orchard for the control of
frui t flies
Salient Features
between 100 trees. Further, 25 light traps were kept in the village near the orchards
for the control of white grubs. After 1 year it was observed that most of the plants
turned healthy and bearing of fruits were more and fruit dropping was minimized.
Total cost of management for 15 ha of orchard comes to Rs 427000 including all
inputs and labour and achieved a net return of Rs 2000000 which shows that
there was a drastic increase in the yield.
75
Mrs Sherab. L. Dorjee
Programme Coordinator
Krishi Vigyan Kendra, South Sikkim
Namthang, District South Sikkim-737137
Email: kvknamthang@gmail.com
Ph: 03592-241398
Fax: 03592-241398
M: 09434382519
76
Rejuvenated Khasi Mandarin Orchards by Prodcution Technologies
KVK Tinsukia, Assam
T
insukia district is situated in prime zone for production of Khasi mandarin.
Amongst the various districts of North East India, Tinsukia district produces
the highest quantity of Khasi mandarin having largest area under it. Khasi
mandarin is very famous for its superior quality. However, it became a major concern
due to sharp progressive decline in production and area under Khasi mandarin
during the last few years in the district.
KVK Tinsukia imparted training on production technologies of Khasi mandarin
to the farmers from 4 divisions of the district. Farmers were adopted production
technologies including the crop protection measures developed by Citrus Research
Station, Assam Agricultural University, Tinsukia in their declining Khasi mandarin
orchards. As a result, reduced pest and diseases, improved plant health and
increased yield of the declining Khasi mandarin orchards. Farmers got 25 % more
yield due to adoption of production technologies. Khasi mandarin growers
rejuvenated their Khasi mandarin orchards and raised the income to the tune of Rs
22500 to Rs 30000/ha. Recent survey report of the State Agriculture Department
revealed that there was a record increase of over 20% area under Khasi mandarin
in the district during the last five years.
• Pruning, training and cleaning to remove unwanted, diseased and pest infected
branches and parasi tic plants
• Correction of soil pH by applying lime and proper nutrient management
• Management of Phytophthora foot rot by soil drenching and spraying of tree trunk
• Smearing of tree trunk up to one meter from the ground level by the mi xture of 50
ml Endosulfan + 2 kg lime in 10 li ters of water
• Average yield increased in rejuvenated orchards by 25 %
Salient Features
77
Dr Amal Chandra Sharma
Programme Coordinator
Krishi Vigyan Kendra, CRS Campus
Gelapukhuri Road, District Tinsukia-786126
Email: amalchandra_sarmah@yahoo.co.in
Ph: 0374-2300768
Fax:0374-2300768
M: 09435523760
78
Tuberose Women Empowered
KVK Mysore, Karnataka
I
n Mysore district, tuberose is grown as a major flower crop in 1100 ha. Out of
which 95 % of the area occupied in T Narsipur and Nanjangud taluqs and
mainly grown in medium black soil. Predominantly tuberose is cultivated by
farmers for loose flowers. In recent times, they are not getting remuneration from
tuberose cultivation mainly due to growing local varieties, maximum of 10-20
gunts cultivation by each farmer and increase of labour wages especially for flower
harvest. With this background, KVK Mysore introduced improved variety of
tuberose Arka Shrinagar released by Indian Institute of Horticultural Research,
Bangalore.
Ms Rajamma, daughter of Shri Parashivappa of Jeemarhalli village of Nanjangud
taluk in Mysore, adopted tuberose cultivation in 0.4 ha under the guidance of
KVK in 2006 and she earned Rs 30000/year. Further, she worked as techno agent
linking fellow farmers to get subsidy/training/SHG formation etc., from KVK and
other line departments and established Triveni SHG consisting of 15 women
members with the financial assistance in the form of loan from Infra Sys Eco
Management Pvt, Ltd., Bengalure. Group had taken up tube rose cultivation in 2.0
ha leased land with the technical backstopping from KVK and they are producing
tuberose flowers year round. They are harvesting yield range berween 5-6 t/ha
based on the season, more production in summer and less production in winter.
• Ms Rajamma self employed, raised from toe to t wo wheeler and created self
employment for other farm women
• She was recognized as techno agent
• Each member of Triveni SHG earned @ Rs 3000/month by cul tivation of tuberose
on leased land
• Farm women got socio-economic empowerment through tuberose cul tivation
• Improved variet y of tuberose is now adopted by many farmers in 2 blocks of
Mysore where i t is mostly being cul tivated.
Salient Features
79
Group is selling flowers with wide range between Rs 60-150/kg as per the demand
in local market, the highest price they get during festival and marriage seasons.
On an average each member of group is earning Rs 3000/month. Besides, they are
providing employment opportunities to rural women by engaging them for
harvesting of flowers especially during peak season of the crop. With the leadership
of Ms Rajamma and constant guidance of KVK, group is continuing tube rose
cultivation.
Dr Arun Balamatti
Programme Coordinator
Krishi Vigyan Kendra, Suttur, Taluq Nanjangud
District Mysore-571129
Email: jsskvk_1994@rediffmail.com
Ph: 08221-232218
Fax: 08221-232377
M: 09448832186
80
Sustainable Organic Farming through Vermicomposting
KVK Coochbehar, West Bengal
I
n the present day agriculture, more and more emphasis is given on increased
production and use of organic and bio-nutrients in crop production to minimize
the reliance on chemicals, conservation of natural resources and environment
as well as to maintain soil health. Endeavour of KVK Coochbehar greatly facilitated
dissemination of organic agriculture as well as creation of income and employment
generation through production of vermicompost.
To sensitize farmers and rural youths, KVK took up successive intervention
right from selection of target group of respondents to training, demonstration and
feed back analysis. Altogether 505 personnel were trained on different aspects of
vermicompost production. Out of trained personnel, 326 persons are producing
vermicompost either for their own use in farm or small scale marketing. However,
five trained youths namely Shri Anup Kumar Moitri, Shri Dipak Nandi, Shri Biswajit
Roy, Shri Safikul Islam and Smt Pratima are now marketing their produce in the
respective brand names viz., Kisan, Swarna, Uttarer Sona, Sabuj Sona and Jaibo
Ahhar and earning substantial income from the total production of 8706 q of
vermicompsot for the period from 2006 to 2008 besides generating 23559 man
days employment directly and indirectly. Entire produce is being used by farmers
of the district to convert inorganic agriculture into organic.
• Vermicompost became an impor tant source of organic farming, providing
oppor tuni t y for self employment and income generation
• Commercial cul tivation of vermicompost becoming fast popular in Coochbehar
district
• Rural youths are successfully producing and selling vermicompost in their own
brand name
Salient Features
81
Shri Sujan Biswas
Programme Coordinator
Krishi Vigyan Kendra, UBKV
Pundibari P.O.
District Coochbehar-736165
Email: tsamajdar@rediffmail.com
Ph: 03582-270587
Fax: 03582-270587
82
Leaf Colour Chart Minimised Over Dose of Nitrogen
KVK Sangrur, Punjab
L
eaf colour chart (LCC) is the recommended technology for applying proper
dosage of nitrogen to rice crop. It has been seen that the farmers apply more
doses of nitrogenous fertilizer beyond the recommended limits. They are also
unaware of the adverse effects of indiscriminate use of nitrogenous fertilizers that
not only pollutes the underground water but also affects the ozone layer which
protects us from the ultraviolet rays of the sun. By using LCC, the proper use of
nitrogenous fertilizer is possible without affecting crop yield.
LCC is a plastic strip of 8"x 3"size. On this strip, six small strips of green
colour with different shades are fitted. Strip one has light green colour and strip
six has dark green colour. There are emerging lines on the strips that give the look
of a leaf and help in matching the colour with the leaves. While using this technique,
it is recommended that apply 62.5 kg urea per ha after the last puddling of the
field and then apply urea after matching the colour of new top of fully opened
leaves of plant with LCC. To know the fertilizer requirement, start matching the
colour of leaves after two weeks of transplanting with the fourth number strip.
Keep on matching the colour for 7-10 days. Every time select 10 disease free
leaves and match the colour of leaves, without plucking them from the plant, with
the fourth strip of colour chart. If out of 10 leaves, colour of 6 leaves matches
• Easy to use LCC
• Saving of over dose of urea application by LCC
• Gives yield of paddy at par wi th the conventional method through LCC
• LCC can be used as one of the resource conser vation technologies
Salient Features
with the fourth strip colour, then there is no need to add fertilizer. OFTs conducted
on LCC indicated that there was a saving of around 17.5-22.5 kg of urea per ha
when it is applied on the basis of observations of LCC as compared to the traditional
methods of fertilizer application.
KVKs of rice belt in Punjab organized 56 training courses on LCC covering
1065 rice farmers as well as 21 demonstrations in their fields. As a result of KVKs
effort and increasing prices of fertilizers, the technology is being disseminated and
widely adopted among the rice farmers.
83
Dr Jagdish Grover
Programme Coordinator
Krishi Vigyan Kendra
Kheri, Sangrur-148001
Email: isingh2060@gmail.com
Ph: 01672-245320
Fax: 01672-245320
Ph: 09465821922
M: 09855321902
84
INM Balanced Fertilizer Use
KVK Yamuna Nagar, Haryana
W
ith the intensification of cropping systems and imbalanced use of inputs,
sustainability of the soil and environment was affected adversely.
Inadequate replenishment of nutrients through fertilizers and manures
has resulted in widespread nutrient deficiencies. Poor soil fertility has become the
major cause of low productivity. For most efficient use of fertilizers, all nutrients
must be used in balanced quantity. Nutrient use ratio between N:P
2
O
5
:K
2
O in
Yamuna Nagar was 21.3:5.5:1 in the year 2001-2002 which was reduced to
13.5:5:1 in the year 2008-2009 whereas in balanced fertilization it should be
4:2:1. To narrow down the gap , use of potash in sugarcane, wheat and rice was
promoted through demonstrations at farmers fields by KVK Yamuna Nagar. Results
indicated that application of potash @ 50 kg K
2
O/ha and 75 kg K
2
O/ha increased
yield of sugarcane by 7.8 and 10.5%, respectively over control. Incremental Benefit
Cost Ratio of 24.2 and 22.5 were observed with 50 and 75 Kg K
2
O/ha . While in
case of wheat and rice, grain yield increased by 4.6 and 3.4%, respectively over
control with incremental Benefit Cost Ratio of 2.54 and 5.41. As a result, demand
of potash is increasing in district Yamuna Nagar which will ultimately result in
narrowing down of N:P:K ratio further.
Balanced fertilization using bio-fertilizers (low cost input) would also be helpful
to sustain crop yield and maintain soil fertility/soil health. Use of bio-fertilizers
was demonstrated at farmers fields in wheat and potato crop during 2005-2006
• Bio-fer tilizers along wi th balanced use of fer tilizer achieved higher yield
• Bio-fer tilizers are low cost inputs and hence resul ted in high Benefi t Cost Ratio
• Being low cost inputs, bio-fer tilizers can be easily adopted by small and marginal
farmers
• Used potash to correct the ratio of NPK
Salient Features Salient Features Salient Features Salient Features Salient Features
to 2008-2009. Bio-fertilizers (Azotobactor + Phosphotika) were demonstrated
in wheat which resulted in increase in grain yield by 4.0 to 5.1% over control. It
also indicated that with additional cost of Rs 175/ha in wheat, additional gross
return of Rs 1551 to 2484 per ha could be achieved. Incremental Benefit Cost
Ratio during 2005-2006 was 8.86 which increased to 14.19 during 2008-2009.
In potato crop, bio-fertilizer application resulted in increase of 21.9 q/ha potato
tuber yield over control with incremental Benefit Cost Ratio of 18.77.It was
observed that bio-fertilizers must be used along with balanced use of fertilizer to
achieve higher yield. Moreover, they are low cost inputs and hence result in high
Benefit Cost Ratio.
85
Dr Om Parkash Mehla
Programme Coordinator
Krishi Vigyan Kendra, Damla
District Yamunanagar-135001
Email: sckvkynagar@gmail.com
Ph: 01732-282737
Fax: 01732-228962
Ph: 01744-291855 (R), M: 09896719311
86
Farmers Elevated Recycling Redgram Stalks
KVK Gulbarga, Karnataka
A
rea occupied by pulses is about 3.75 lakh ha in Gulbarga district. As redgram produces
about 5.0 t of stalks per ha, farmers burn these stalks which results in loss of nutrients
as well as creates environmental pollution. With this background, KVK Gulbarga
introduced vermicomposting technology on a large scale with a new approach in 2005-06.
KVK selected 10 willing farmers, 2 from each village and trained them on production of
vermicompost . Then, KVK provided 1 kg earth worms to each trainee farmer with a condition
that each of them should intern provide 1 kg worms to minimum three willing farmers of
their respective village with no cost after 3 months by putting the same condition to those
farmers and so on the chain continues. These farmers were ultimately made master trainers
by providing advance training and finally known as technocrats. KVK involved farmers, bankers,
officials from development departments and industries as stake holders while implementing
the approach. Banks provided the loan for establishing vermicompost units and KVIC & DIC
provided subsidy of 25%. This approach worked well.
Initially KVK produced only 10 technocrats in five villages namely Kodla, Gurur (B),
Melakunda, Gudur and Tadkal. Now there are about 100 technocrats in the district with 220
vermicomposting units, out of which 20 are large scale with the capacity of more than 200 t/
year, 50 medium scale with 100-200 t/year and 150 small scale with 100 t/year. Besides,
many units with the capacity of 10-20 t/year were established. Production of vermicompost
in an area of 100’x60’ with 48 pits of size (10’x3’x2’) is now giving net income of Rs 5.00 to
5.50 lakh per year by sale of vermicompost and worms of which sale of worms alone
contributing Rs 1.00 to 1.50 lakh. Thus, establishment of vermicomposting units provided
additional income, created on farm employment, social pride as well as reduced the burning
of crop residues by recycling and improved the soil health. Shri Shivanand Garur (09449638591)
from Gudur village, Shri Adbul Latif Madra (09901359107), Shri Chitrashekhar Parashivappagol
(09972057248) from Tadtegnoor village, Shri Shivanand Belle (08477-229013), Shri Basavaraj
• Trained willing farmers till they become as technocrats
• Technocrats intern trained willing farmers in a chain process
• Involved all concerned as stakeholders
• Established small, medium and large scale vermicomposting uni ts and stopped burning
of crop residues and star ted recycling of redgram stalks which improved soil heal th
• Established marketing through farmer to farmer and more than 20000 t vermicompost is
being sold ever y year
Salient Features
Pavadashetty (09980391977) from Tadakal village, Shri Suresh Patil (09880171787), Shri
Umesh N. (08477-229014) from Munnalli village, Shri Ravi Mulage (08477-229291) from
Kinni Sultan village, Shri Kalyanrao Patil (08477-210529) from Alanga village, Shri Baburao
Hiramashetti (09972897961) from Ladmugali village, Shri Dharmaraj Sahu (09448576795),
Shri B.K. Patil (09945515261) from Bhusanoor village, Shri Basavaraj Warad (09448204566)
from Gola (B) village, Shri Mallinath Nimbal (09449829670) from Madan Hipparga village,
Shri Basavaraj Jeevanagi (09449775662), Shri Siddarood Halimani, Shri Gundappa Dulgand
(08472-290127), Shri Shivasharanappa Bulla from Pattan village, Shri Shivalingappa Choragasti
(09945870671) from Bhimmalli village, Shri Shivasharanappa (09448586164) from Jambaga
village, Shri Gurupadling Maharaj (09480161783), Smt Bharatibai Jeevanagi (09448333953)
from Babalad (IK) village, Shri Shamarao Patil (09902837727), Shri Mallikarjun Patil from
Garur village and Shri Mahendra Shah (09448749587) from Sedam village are some of the
technocrats in Gulbarga district.
87
Shri Raju. G. Teggelli
Programme Coordinator
Krishi Vigyan Kendra, Aland Road
District Gulbarga-585101
Email: kvkglb.in@rediffmail.com
Ph: 08472-274596
Fax: 08472-241766
M: 09480696315
88
Lac Cultivation–A Boon for Tribes
KVK Kaimur, Bihar
S
arodag, a remote village under Adaura block of Kaimur district is tribal
dominated. Vllage is surrounded by forest and rocky land with little scope
for agricultural practices and villagers used to migrate to towns to earn bread
and butter.
Shri Loknath, a tribal farmer of this village, however, did not loose hope and
observing the availability of trees like ber, palas and kusum in plenty in the
surrounding forest thought of taking up lac production practice. He shared his
idea with fellow farmers and approached KVK Kaimur to make lac cultivation a
reality.
The idea was readily accepted by KVK who in turn arranged for a few short
duration training courses on lac cultivation and processing. Training was followed
by providing secateur, dauli, tree-prunner etc. through DST working in that area.
Trained farmers under the leadership of Shri Loknath and with the guidance of
KVK started pruning schedule on kusum and ber from January and February,
respectively, in the year 2005. He inoculated 80 kg kusum brood lac in August,
2005 provided by DST and followed schedule of spraying and harvesting. Scrapped
• Cul tivated lac throughout the year on ber, palas and kusum as host trees for brooding
lac
• As raw lack has ver y good market in Bihar, lac cul tivation to be a sustained livelihood
• Creation of awarness and development of skill among tribal of Kaimur Plateau by
KVK, they adopted lac cul tivation and improved their economic condi tion
Salient Features
89
lac of 5 q was produced by farmers fetched Rs75000 during March, 2006.
Availability of quality brood lac on Kusum trees during summer season also helped
them carrying out lac cultivation throughout the year. Tribal farmers are earning
more than Rs 50000 annually from lac cultivation besides adopting proper
cultivation practices for agricultural crops in their small holdings.
Dr Sada Nand Rai
Programme Coordinator
Krishi Vigyan Kendra
Vanvasi Seva Kendra, Adhaura
District Kaimur-821116
Email: vanavasi@sancharnet.in, vsk.adhaura@yahoo.co.in
Ph: 06180-269220/269230
Fax: 06180-269230
Ph: 06180-269220 (R), M: 09430567345
92
Effective Management of Mealy Bug in Cotton
KVK Faridkot, Punjab
C
otton, popularly known as White Gold, is an important Kharif crop of Punjab.
It is grown in South- Western districts of the state where underground
water is brackish in nature and about 85 % of the area is irrigated by canals.
During the year 2007-08, a serious problem of mealy bug emerged for the first
time on cotton crop and caused huge losses including recommended non-Bt and
Bt genotypes, but was more severe on un-recommended Bt hybrids from Gujarat.
To overcome this problem, KVK Faridkot played a vital role. KVK educated and
guided cotton growers to control mealy bug through recommendations of Punjab
Agricultural University and Central Institute for Cotton Research.
Recommendations includes - spraying infected row of cotton with curacron @
1250 ml/ha or buprofenzin @ 1250 ml/ha, stacking cotton sticks from infected
rows separately and use them at the earliest as fuel before end of February, not to
stack cotton sticks in the field, eradication of alternate hosts like kanghi buti, peeli
buti, congress grass, etc. and spraying trees and fruit plants near cotton fields
harboring mealy bug population with curacron @ 1250 ml/ha or buprofenzin @
1250 ml/ha.
A series of activities such as training programmes, campaigns, field visits, field
days and farmers group discussions were organized by KVK for cotton growers of
Punjab and created awareness, knowledge and skill on management of cotton
mealy bug. Thus, effort of KVK and farmers together helped in keeping mealy bug
under check to an extent of 80-85 %.
• Sprayed recommended chemicals on mealy bug infected cot ton crop
• Sprayed recommended chemicals on mealy bug harboring trees and frui t plants
near cot ton fields
• Stacked the cot ton sticks from infected rows separately and used them as fuel
before end of Februar y
• Cot ton sticks were not stacked in the field
• Eradicated the al ternate hosts of cot ton mealy bug
Salient Features
93
Dr Jagdev Singh Brar
Programme Coordinator
Krishi Vigyan Kendra
PAU Regional Research Station, District Faridkot-151203
Email: jagdev_brar2000@yahoo.com
kvkfdk@yahoo.com
Ph: 01639- 253142
Fax: 01639- 251014
Ph: 01639- 262274 (R), M: 09872862274
94
Velda become an Ideal IPM Village
KVK Tapi, Gujarat
P
roduction of cotton is highly affected due to insect pests infestation in tribal
village Velda of Tapi district situated 105 km away from district headquarter
and KVK. It is one of the most neglected block as no extension agency
visited here due to difficult terrain. Farmers were not aware of low cost insect
pests management technique besides unable to afford costly pesticides due to
low income. KVK Tapi selected Velda village for IPM under Sattelite Village
Programme launched by NAU, Navsari to disseminate low cost Integrated Pest
Management (IPM) during 2007-08. KVK conducted 100 demonstrations covering
75 ha area on IPM. Farmers were trained rigorously on IPM module involving neem
based pesticides including chemicals. IPM reduced cultivation cost by 50% due to
reduction of number of sprays from 10 to 5 there by increased income of farmers
by 66%. Continuous follow up on IPM encouraged other farmers to adopt IPM
technology during 2008-09.
Whole village become an IPM village and farmers are providing technical know-
how to neighbouring villages by the end of year 2009-10. This year 10-15 tribal
villages in surrounding have adopted IPM package disseminated by KVK. District
authorities declared Velda village as IPM village in 2010. Higher income from cotton
helped farmers to send their children to schools by paying their fees comfortably
which would improve the literacy in the tribal area. Pre and post assessment by
means of survey revealed that IPM module is highly effective in controlling sucking
and other insects as well as reduced cost of cultivation in addition to higher yields.
This has contributed to the successful adoption of IPM in cotton and other crops.
Further success was built confidence among farmers.
• IPM reduced cul tivation cost by 40% owing to reducing number of sprays from 10
to 5
• Enhanced income of farmers by 66%
• Minimized hazards of chemicals on environmental pollution as well as human heal th
• Declared Velda village as IPM village
Salient Features
95
Dr Nikulsinh Madhusinh Chauhan
Programme Coordinator
Krishi Vigyan Kendra
Navsari Agricultural University
Unai Road, Vyara, District Tapi
Email:kvkvyara@yhoo.co.in
Ph: 02626-221869
02626-221869/220212
M: 09427868668
96
Brinjal Farmers Benefited through Water Trap
KVK Ahmednagar, Maharashtra
B
rinjal is grown extensively in Ahmednagar district with an area of 3000 ha.
Out of which, 60% area under brinjal cultivation occupied in medium to
heavy black soils under irrigated condition in Rahuri , Sangamaner, Shirampur
and Rahata Talukas. Infestation of shoot and fruit borer in brinjal is very common
in this region and causing 30-35 % crop loss. Further, farmers are incurring heavy
expenditure because they are using chemical control measures against this pest
but results are not satisfactory.
At this juncture, KVK Ahmednagar introduced water trap for control of brinjal
shoot and fruit borer after testing its efficacy in 19.2 ha in farmers fields at village
Chincholi. Due to water traps, spray interval in these fields increased from 5-6
to10 to 12 days and farmers could save Rs 2500/ha/ month on pesticides. Yield
increased by 18.66 % (316.25 q/ha) besides reduction in cost of plant protection
by 30 % with Benefit Cost Ratio of 2.46. As availability of water traps at local level
was not there, KVK arranged 6000 water traps to 296 brinjal growers covering 89
villages from 11 blocks of the district. Besides, technology has been adopted by
more than 1000 farmers covering 500 ha in the district. Concept has now become
regular practice among all brinjal growers of the district. It has also been observed
that technology is being horizontally disseminated from farmer to farmer in
Ahmednagar district. State Department of Agriculture also taken up large scale
programme on water traps involving more than 100 farmers from Rahuri block of
the district where there is major area under brinjal crop in which KVK played an
active role.
• KVK introduced eco-friendly and low cost water trap
• Due to water trap spray inter val was increased and reduced the application of
pesticides as well as expendi ture on plant protection
• Water trap was adopted against shoot and frui t borer of brinjal in 1500 ha area
• More than 1000 farmers benefi ted by use of water trap in Ahmednagar district of
Maharashtra
Salient Features
97
Dr Bhaskar Gaikwad
Programme Coordinator
Krishi Vigyan Kendra, Babhaleshwar P.O.
Taluq Rahata, District Ahmednagar-413737
Email: kvkahmednagar@yahoo.com
gaikwadbh@yahoo.com
Ph: 02422-252414/253612
Fax: 02422-253536
Ph: 02422-273232/273312/253235 (R), M: 09822519260
98
Ginger Cultivation Revived
KVK South Sikkim, Sikkim
P
roductivity of ginger in Sikkim has declined for the past one decade due to
rampant infestation of soft-rot, dry-rot, white grub and borer. This led to
ginger cultivation uneconomical and farmers unwillingness to go for ginger
cultivation. As a instance, farmers of Phongla village who totally stopped ginger
cultivation due to this problem.
KVK South Sikkim re-introduced ginger cultivation in Phongla village through
Farmers Club and supported them technically in May 2009. Instead of Bordeaux
Mixture (lime, copper, water at the ratio of 1:1:10) which cost Rs 300 approximately,
KVK advocated Fermented Plant Extract (FPE) preparation using (garlic + onion
leaves + Canavis sp + wild poisonous plant) + (cow urine) + (EM solution) +
(extract after washing polished rice) + (alcohol) + (water) (1:1:1:1:1:15), sufficient
for 1.0 ha which cost Rs 375 for seed treatment against soft rot. FPE was applied
after every fortnight by using watering can for next 2 month i.e. up to July end.
Total cost of the same which came to Rs1500. This enabled controlling various
diseases affecting ginger crop. Farmers Club produced 96 q of rhizome from 0.3 ha
which valued Rs144000 and gained Rs 141900 excluding the labour component
as it was undertaken on participatory basis. Efforts of Phongla Farmers Club was
recognized by NABARD and awarded 2
nd
best Farmers Club of Sikkim. NABARD
has nominated them for National Award also. Farmers club assured to supply of
400 q of disease free ginger seed to Horticulture and Cash Crop Development
Department in ensuing season.
• Ginger cul tivation was totally stopped in Phongla village due to heavy crop loss
from uncontrolled pests and diseases
• Re-introduced ginger cul tivation in Phongla village by KVK through Farmers Club
• Fermented Plant Ex tract prepar tion was used for seed treatment against pests and
diseases
• Achieved disease free ginger production and revived ginger cul tivation in the village
Phongla
Salient Features
99
Mrs Sherab. L. Dorjee
Programme Coordinator
Krishi Vigyan Kendra
Namthang, District South Sikkim-737137
Email: kvknamthang@gmail.com
Ph: 03592-241398
Fax: 03592-241398
M: 09434382519
100
Trichoderma made Tribes Sustain
KVK Wayanad, Kerala
W
ayanad is known as Land of Spices. Major Income generating crop of
Wayanad is pepper. Production of pepper declined due to the incidence
of foot rot disease. KVK Wayanad identified and isolated Trichoderma
strains from Wayanad soil for effective management of foot rot disease of pepper.
KVK started production of Trichoderma in late 90’s.Trichoderma gained popularity
and thus demand was increased. To meet the increased demand, KVK ventured in
to mass production of bio-control agents.
For getting man power, 13 tribal women (youth) from Nellarachal tribal colony
were selected and imparted training for mass production of bio-control agents in
view of providing them self employment. In fact, due to implementation of
Karapuzha irrigation project, tribals have lost their agricultural fields which were
the main source of income for livelihood. Trained tribal women registered as
SHG named SABARI. Then, KVK extended work contract with SABARI for
mass multiplication and distribution of Trichoderma under revolving fund activities
of KVK. Members of SHG gained 30-35 % of the total benefit as per MOU
signed.
• Selected SHG group (SABARI) belongs to tribal hamlets who were the victims of
implementation of Karapuzha irrigation project
• Trained tribal women formed as registered societ y SABARI and taking work contract
for mass production of bio-agents
• Members of SABARI are earning at present a monthly income of Rs 5000 by
engaging in mass mul tiplication of Trichoderma, which has revolutionized the income
pat tern of their family
Salient Features
101
As there is no government or private agency in the district other than KVK
through SABARI producing bio-control agents, State Planning Board sanctioned
Rs 36.39 lakh for modernizing existing bio-control lab of KVK for large scale
production of Trichoderma and Pseudomonas. Now Kendra is having a well
established and fully equipped lab which can produce Trichoderma and
Pseudomonas @ 2 t/month.
Dr A. Radhamma Pillai
Programme Coordinator
Krishi Vigyan Kendra, Ambalavayal P.O.
District Wynad-673593
Email: kvkambl@gmail.com
aradhammapillai@gmail.com
Ph: 04936- 260411
Fax: 04936 -260411
Ph: 04936-260432 (R), M: 09495016538
104
Zero Tillage Benefited Multiple Ways
KVK Panipat, Haryana
Z
ero-till concept of sowing refers to planting crops without any preparatory
tillage through suitably designed machines within the residues of previous
crop. Subsequent experiments revealed that Zero Tillage (ZT) was a feasible
alternative to conventional tillage practice in wheat with multiple benefits including
check on the proliferation of Phalaris minor, resource conservation and yield gain.
Efforts were made by KVK Panipat to accelerate this technology within Rice-
Wheat Cropping System (RWCS) in the Indo-Gangetic Plains.
Before the introduction of zero tillage, village Bauhapur was considered as
marginal with respect to wheat productivity stagnating around 3.5 t/ha. Yield of
any field exceeding 4.0 t/ha was considered as exceptional by the villagers. Delayed
seeding, broadcast sowing, reduced germination and low seedling vigor due to
salt load in the root zone and anaerobic condition persisting long after first irrigation
at CRI stage were the major yield limiting factors. Frontline demonstrations in rabi
2007-08 reveled that yield level of even 6.0 t/ha is achievable in marginal ecology
of this village under ZT. Area under ZT increased from meager 4.0 ha in 1998-99 to
around 436.0 ha in 2008-09 covering around 95.2 % of total wheat area. With a
total of 22 ZT Drills in the village, area covered by single Drill exceeding 20.0 ha
indicates the custom hiring by small land owners.
Average monetary advantage in ZT over conventional tillage at the current
rate of input and output is around Rs 6000/ha. This includes the yield advantage
and cost reduction. Total economic gains by farmers of this village by virtue of ZT
adoption in a decade period is about Rs 1.18 crore. It is an achievement of KVK in
terms of field work. This case study indicates that issues of resource conservation
can be dealt in better way if it is intermingled with simultaneous profit gain.
105
• Sowing of wheat in residual soil moisture is possible by ZT
• ZT Drill is time, labour and money saving technology
• Timely sowing of wheat is possible through ZT Drill
• ZT helps in recycling of plant nutrients and mi tigates the problem of crop residues
• Derive mul tiple benefi ts through ZT technology
Salient Features
Dr Azad Singh Dahiya
Programme Coordinator
Krishi Vigyan Kendra, Village Ujaha
Risalu P.O., District Panipat-132104
Email: azadsinghdahiya@hotmail.com
Ph: 0180-2001625
0180-2650830 (R), M : 09416101631
106
Zero Tillage – Boon For Rice - Wheat System
KVK Pratapgarh, Uttar Pradesh
M
angarh is a village situated at a distance of about 10 km from KVK
Pratapgarh on Kunda-Sangramgarh road. Rice-wheat is major cropping
system prevailing in the area. Major crops grown are rice, wheat, mustard
and pea. As a resource conservation in agriculture, KVK introduced Zero Tillage
(ZT) in rice-wheat system through demonstrations, training and extension activities.
Further KVK laid out demonstration unit on ZT in its farm for undertaking training
and visitors purpose. Shri Mahendra Das, trainee of KVK, convinced and adopted
ZT under the technical guidance of KVK in 3 ha in 2002, where as Shri Arvind
Singh first tried it on small area by opening a furrow with help of knife and sown
100 seeds of wheat. He found that all the seeds have germinated so his doubt
regarding germination was cleared and he adopted ZT in 0.25 ha. In this system,
no ploughing was done while 4-5 times field was tilled by cultivators under
conventional tillage. Major benefits of ZT accrued were reduced cost on land
preparation, placement of DAP at right depth, saving fuel and more economic as
compared to conventional tillage.
ZT percolated to near by villages like Laru, Meerapur, Barai, Sahajani, Kajipur,
Kusemar etc and within a short span of two years, area under zero tillage was
expanded to 110 ha in 2004 followed by 210 ha in 2005 and in the year 2006
almost 50% of the total wheat area of Mangarh was under ZT i.e. about 275 ha. At
present ZT spread in 84 villages. Total 42 ZT Drills were purchased by farmers.
Besides 8 Drills were given to Farmer Field Schools by U.P.Usar Sudhar Nigam Ltd.
Farmers are now operating ZT Drills on custom hiring and charging at about Rs
1200/ha for sowing through ZT Drill. Zero tillage led employment to rural youths.
Diversified use of ZT technology in paddy, pulses and oilseeds other than wheat
was explored.
• KVK convinced farmers about ZT technology
• ZT technology has spread in 84 villages and covered 275 ha area in 3 years
• ZT technology benefi t ted by reduced cost on land preparation, placement of DAP
at right depth, saving fuel and more economic as compared to conventional tillage
• Diversified use of ZT technology in paddy, pulses, oilseeds other than wheat is
possible
Salient Features
107
Dr A.K. Srivastava
Programme Coordinator
Raja Dinesh Singh KVK
Avadheshpuram Campus
Lala Bajar P.O., Kalakankar, District Pratapgarh-229408
Email: rdskvk@gmail.com, akhilesh_kvkk@yahoo.co.in
Ph: 05341-240707
Fax: 05341-240707
M: 09415143774/09793731888
108
Zero Tillage Immensely Adopted by Wheat Growers
KVK Jamui, Bihar
K
VK Jamui introduced Zero Tillage (ZT) technology by considering its potential
as a resource conservation technology through various activities. Shri
Mukesh Kumar of Lakra village of Jamui dstrict, Bihar was a traditional wheat
cultivator. But the consistent low profitability due to higher cultivation cost created
insecurity as he had to feed a good number of family members. He under went
training on ZT at KVK and adopted the same in his field under the technical
guidance of KVK. Supervised all activities by KVK to make it sure that Shri Kumar
successfully practice this new method of cultivation. With the application of this
technology he could advance the seed sowing operation by 7 days and ignore the
land preparation cost of 4-5 ploughings. It saved Rs3000 in 1.0 ha of land. He also
saved 30 kg of wheat seed and 30 kg DAP (total cost being Rs 800) in first phase
of wheat cultivation by ZT. After 20 days of sowing he irrigated his field which
saved 40% diesel and 25% of irrigation water. At the time of harvesting he observed
that in spite of using minimum fertilizers and irrigation water the yield was increased
by 12%. Net income from wheat by adopting ZT technology was increased to Rs
5000/ha. Thus his annual income from wheat cultivation was increased from Rs
9000 to11000. Savings made through lower seed rate, less amount of fertilizer,
less number of labour and less use of irrigation water was utilized for other
agricultural crops and vegetable cultivation through which he earned a net profit
of Rs16000. Overall success of this technology has influenced the farmers so much
that a large number of farmers are approaching KVK for specialized training on
ZT technology. Now it has become so immensely popular ZT technology in the
entire district that the KVK staff feel delight.
• ZT technology is a cost ef fective resource conser vation technology
• Sowing of successive crop in time is ensured avoiding excess moisture and late
har vest of preceding crop
• Soil heal th is maintained avoiding excess tillage
• Increase in yield is possible through ZT technology
Salient Features
109
Dr Raj Narain Singh
Programme Coordinator
Krishi Vigyan Kendra
Shrama Bharati, Khadigram
District Jamui-811313
Email: singrajnarain@yahoo.com
Ph: 06348-232239
Fax:06348-232239
M: 09934734126
110
Resource Conservation Interventions in Rice-wheat System
KVK Pratapgarh, Uttar Pradesh
A
ttempts were initiated to disseminate Direct Seeded Rice (DSR) wheat which
is versatile in most of agro ecological conditions or at least for major rice
growing area of the district Pratapgarh to increase rice and wheat
productivity. KVK Pratapgarh introduced Zero Tillage (ZT) by conducting
demonstration during rabi season 2001-02 in village Alapur in the field of Shri
Ram Ajor Tripathi. Similar demonstration was laid at KVK farm in comparison
with conventional tillage wheat. Initial results were encouraged and since then
the KVK disseminated such a farm worthy technology in Pratapgarh by a systematic
schedule of programme with a view to increase ZT coverage adoption in terms of
number of farmers and villages.
Limited tractor uses and controlled water use in DSR reduced the cost of
cultivation to Rs 6000/ha and therefore, increased the profit margin to farmers at
Rs 8000-10000/ha. Yield of DSR was higher than transplanted rice at all three
locations in both the cultivars with an average yield of 5.3 t/ha. Where as yield of
transplanted rice was 4.8 t/ha thus a yield increment of 9.4% was observed due to
ZT technology. It was also observed that ZT in wheat leads to higher yield with
saving in tillage cost. By adopting ZT, the gross margin and Benefit Cost Ratio was
higher in comparison to traditional tillage. Farmers of the area have appreciated
new ZT technology and adopting in their fields especially in to reduce tillage cost
in rice-wheat system.
• Adoption of ZT technology and direct seeded rice increased farmers profi t, improved
their livelihood and eventually reduced pover t y
• DSR reduced cost of cul tivation to Rs 6000/ha and therefore, increased the profi t
margin to farmers at Rs 8000-10000/ha
• Yield of DSR was higher than transplanted rice at all 3 locations wi th an average
yield 5.3 t/ha
• ZT technology enhances water and fer tilizer use ef ficiency
Salient Features
111
Dr A.K. Srivastava
Programme Coordinator
Raja Dinesh Singh KVK
Avadheshpuram Campus, P.O. Lala Bajar, Kalakankar
District Pratapgarh-229408
Email: rdskvk@gmail.com
akhilesh_kvkk@yahoo.co.in
Ph: 05341-240707
Fax: 05341-240707
M: 09415143774/09793731888
112
Zero Tillage Assuresd Rabi Maize Production
KVK Karimnagar, Andhra Pradesh
R
abi maize is cultivated in more than 10000 ha after harvest of rice in
Karimnagar district of Andhra Pradesh. Crop is sown after preparatory
cultivation which requires 1-2 months period after harvest of rice. After
preparatory cultivation the fine tilth is not attained resulting poor germination.
Further due to late sowing of maize after harvesting of kharif rice, crop often suffer
from terminal moisture stress resulting yield loss under canal command areas.
To address the above problems of maize cultivation during rabi, KVK Karimnagar
introduced technology of Zero Tillage (ZT) - Maize of Acharya N.G.Ranga
Agricultural University through its different activities. First technology was assessed
at 12 locations in villages Keshavapur, Gopalpur and Ippala Narsingapur during
rabi 2007-08 and 2008-09. Farmers feedback indicated that the yield in ZT maize
are on par with normal maize (66.25 q/ha) and in some situations slightly higher
than normal maize. Technology is proved to be resource conservative as the time
taken for land preparation is nil compared to 15-20 days in normal sowing. In
order to create awareness as as dissemination of ZT technology, 42 training
programmes were conducted to farmers and extension personnel. Ten cluster level
master trainers were identified and given thorough training in package of practices
of ZT maize. Master trainers conducted 72 field demonstrations and explained the
technology to fellow farmers. Methodology and results were published as 2 popular
articles in Padi pantalu. Extensive coverage through mass media also helped ZT
technology to reach more number of farmers in the district. With the above efforts,
the technology has spread at present to 52 villages with 388 farmers in 286 ha.
• KVK conducted a series of activi ties for introduction of ZT for rabi maize cul tivation
• Yield of ZT maize was on par wi th that of normal maize
• ZT can be used as one of the resource conser vative technologies in agricul ture
• ZT is being followed by 388 farmers belonging to 52 villages in 286 ha
• ZT assured the production of rabi maize in Karimnagar district of Andhra Pradesh
Salient Features
113
Dr N. Venkateswara Rao
Programme Coordinator
Krishi Vigyan Kendra
Post: Jammikunta Jayaprakashnagar
District Karimnagar - 505122
Email: kvk_karimnagar@rediffmail.com
Ph: 08727-253550
Fax: 08727-254140
Ph: 08727-253473 (R), M: 09848573710
114
Micro-irrigation and Protected Cultivation – A Way to Increase Farm Income
KVK Pithoragarh, Uttarakhand
A
gro-ecological situation of the hills offers great potential for offseason
vegetable cultivation and increase farm income. But unpredicted rains,
hails or low temperature hamper vegetable cultivation up to a reasonable
extent. In this condition, protected cultivation i.e. nursery/vegetable cultivation
under polyhouse, seems to be beneficial for farmers. KVK Pithoragarh has taken
an initiative and conducted number of trainings on protected cultivation, polyhouse
construction, low cost polyhouse designed with local resources and poly low
tunnel technologies. Beside these trainings, farmers were also taken to KVK
Champawat for training and demonstration on micro-irrigation. Encouraged by
KVK, Shri Narayan Giri cultivated offseason vegetable cultivation in 2005. He has
2.5 ha land, out of which only 1.0 ha land is cultivable and rest of the land covered
with bushes, forest tree and few fruit trees. He started vegetable cultivation in 0.1
ha but faced many problems due to uneven distribution of rains, short crop season
etc. Then he again came to KVK with his problems and adopted protected cultivation
under the technical guidance of KVK. Further, he underwent training on polyhouse
management. Under subsidy scheme of horticulture department, Shri Giri
constructed a polyhouse and started off-season vegetables cultivation at large
scale. He utilized his polyhouse for nursery raising for cultivation of tomato and
capsicum.
Shri Giri got encouraged from the success of protected cultivation. Then again
he underwent training at KVK and installed drip irrigation system in his polyhouse
and orchard. Trainings continued by KVK on protected cultivation and micro-
irrigation and trained 122 farmers during last few years. Under the technical
guidance of KVK, farmers from different villages established 344 polyhouses and
72 ha area under drip-irrigation in the district. Technologies have shown its impact
on total vegetable production and living standard of farm families.
• KVK conducted a series of activi ties for introduction of ZT for rabi maize cul tivation
• Yield of ZT maize was on par wi th that of normal maize
• ZT can be used as one of the resource conser vative technologies in agricul ture
• ZT is being followed by 388 farmers belonging to 52 villages in 286 ha
• ZT assured the production of rabi maize in Karimnagar district of Andhra Pradesh
Salient Features
115
Dr A.S. Jeena
Programme Coordinator
Krishi Vigyan Kendra, Gaina Aincholi P.O.
District Pithouragarh-262501
Email: kvkgainaaincholi@rediffmail.com
Ph: 05964-252175
05964-252175
M: 09412925737/09412106536
116
Rice Residues Managed through Happy Seeder
KVK Sangrur, Punjab
R
ice- wheat is the major cropping system of Punjab occupying about 26.5
lakh ha area in the state. Increasing constraint of labour has led to adoption
of mechanized farming in highly intensive rice-wheat system. Burning is
normal and easiest method of rice stubble management because residues interfere
with tillage and seeding operations for next crop. Despite ban by the government,
farmers have been burning rice crop residues which is causing damage to
environment, human/animal health, plant nutrients, soil microbes and biodiversity.
It has become major cause of accidents also.
Happy Seeder which combines stubble mulching and seed drilling was used
effectively to combat this problem. It consists of a rotor mounted with gamma
type blades for managing rice residues and a Zero Tillage (ZT) Drill for sowing of
wheat. Happy Seeder cuts standing stubbles/loose straw coming in front of sowing
tyne and cleans each tyne twice in one rotation of rotor for proper placement of
seed in soil. Rotor blades push residues as surface mulch between seeded rows.
Machine can be operated with 50-55 hp tractor and can cover 0.3-0.4 ha in one
hour. Cost of machine is about Rs110000.
During last three years, KVK Sangrur made efforts to popularize this
environment friendly technology. A total of 34 training programmes were organized
benefitting 638 farmers, farm women and rural youth. Further, conducted 6
demonstrations on Happy Seeder. Results of demonstrations showed 5-10 %
increase in yield of wheat sown through Happy Seeder as compared to wheat
sown through conventional method. Efforts of KVK through trainings and
demonstrations at different places in collaboration with different co-operative
societies resulted in sowing of wheat in more than 800 ha with Happy Seeder in
Punjab in 2009.
• Low cost environment friendly technology
• Timely sowing of wheat
• Sowing of wheat in the residual soil moisture
• Helps in soil moisture conser vation
• Helps in recycling of plant nutrients and mi tigates the problem of crop residues
• Can be used as one of the resource conser vation technologies
Salient Features
117
Dr. Jagdish Grover
Programme Coordinator
Krishi Vigyan Kendra
Kheri, District Sangrur-148001
Email: isingh2060@gmail.com
Ph: 01672- 245320
Fax: 01672-245320
M: 09465821922/ 09855321902
118
Farm Women Friendly Weeder
KVK Gadag, Karnataka
S
mall and marginal farmers of Gadag district faced problems of high hiring charges as
well as timely availability of bullock pair for hoeing. Farm women of these families
are being used the bullock drawn hoeing equipment with their hands as bullock pair
was not available in time on hiring basis. But the drudgery of using bullock drawn hoeing
equipment by women was too severe and the pain experienced by farmwomen was too
much. In this background, KVK Gadag brought Twin Wheel Hoe Weeder from the Central
Institute of Agricultural Engineering (CIAE) and demonstrated in farmers fields during
2003-04. Based on the feedback from farm women, Twin Wheel Hoe Weeder was refined
by changing the blade from “V” shape (120
0
) to horizontal shape (180
0
) in 3 sizes viz.,
9", 10" and 12" to suit to inter row space of crops in Gadag district such as greengram,
groundnut, onion etc which are sown in different row spacing as well as to reduce pain in
shoulders of farm women during 2004-05. Refined Twin Wheel Hoe Weeder was
popularized through frontline demonstrations, extension activities and also publishing
article in Newspaper. As per the demand, KVK procured 270 Twin Wheel Hoe Weeders
from CIAE and refined them as said abobe and supplied to farm women in Gadag district
and farmers from other districts like Tumakur, Hasan, Chikkamangalore, Bellary, Gangavati,
Bangalore etc. who visited KVK .
Data collected from 93 farm women who are using refined Twin Wheel Hoe Weeder
for the past 3-4 years indicated that the labour requirement per ha for hoeing with bullocks
and hand weeding was 28, 46, 18, 18 and 81 labours in greengram, groundnut, rabi
jowar, bengalgram and onion crops where as with refined Twin Wheel Hoe Weeder and
hand weeding, it was 15, 30, 16, 16 and 48 labours and saves Rs1080, Rs 1560, Rs 720,
Rs 720, and Rs 2580 per ha, respectively. In addition farm women expressed that timeliness
in weeding and hoeing operation is possible only by using refined Twin Wheel Hoe Weeder
which otherwise is not possible in hoeing with bullocks. Study further revealed that
inter-cultivation with bullocks was not possible within 45 days of onion crop due to
tampering by bullocks and also mechanical damage to onion bulbs where as it was done
with refined Twin Wheel Hoe Weeder without damage to bulbs. Many cases family
labour was involved in operating refined Twin Wheel Hoe Weeder.
At present 545 farm women are using refined Twin Wheel Hoe Weeder (350 SHG
members and 195 non SHG members) in 142 ha of greengram, 196 ha of groundnut, 153
ha of rabi jowar, 98 ha of bengalgram and 76 ha of onion in Gadag district during 2009-
10 and save Rs 1533600, Rs 305760, Rs 110160, Rs 70560, Rs 196080, respectively.
Few of them are Smt Neelavva Nagappa Hosmani from Tejaswini SHG of Hombal village,
Smt Gangavva Channappa Madikeri from Sarswati SHG of Hirehandigol village, Smt
Shantavva Ninappa Tirlapur from Shambhavi SHG of Neelgund village, Smt Neelambike
Ishwarapp Radder from Manjunath SHG of Mallasamudra village and Smt Jayashree
Channaveer Shettar from Kamadenu SHG of Soratur village in Gadag taluq and district.
• Achieved timelines in hoeing and weeding in dif ferent crops through refined Twin Wheel
Hoe Weeder
• Refined Twin Wheel Hoe Weeder reduced cost of weeding and hoeing, saved time and
increased family labour
• Used refined Twin Wheel Hoe Weeder in close spaced crops (up to 12 inches) for early
stage Inter cul tivation
Salient Features
119
Dr L.G. Hiregoudar
Programme Coordinator
Krishi Vigyan Kendra, Hulkoti, District Gadag - 582 205
Email: kvkhulkoti@gmail.com
laxs1961@gmail.com
khpatil_kvk_hulkoti@yahoo.com
Ph: 08372-289606
Fax: 08372-289474
Ph: 08372-289772 (R), M: 09448358772
120
Aonla Orchards Saved Using Solar Energy
KVK Pali, Rajasthan
I
n view of low income from traditional farming, a number of farmers had
established aonla orchards with the financial support of NHM along with the
technical guidance of KVK Pali. Around 7 years back they were earning good
remuneration to support their family. In last 3 years heavy production of aonla
glutted the market which reduced the prices to Rs1/kg causing heavy loss to aonla
growers. They sought permission from collectorate, Pali for cutting trees. Collector,
Pali discussed the problem with KVK and state officials to find a solution for the
benefit of farmers. KVK submitted a training module on value addition, post harvest
management and solar drying which was approved by the district Collector.
Accordingly, KVK organized 7 days training to aonla growers who started
processing of aonla fruits like juice, squash, candy, churan powder, churan tablets,
pickles, murrabah, etc. Drying of aonla fruits for making different products was
both time and labour consuming. In this direction, one of the farmers, Shri Madan
Lal Deora of village Nimaj of district Pali established a self designed solar tunnel
drier using local skill in view of abundant solar radiation in the region. He erected
dome like structure using iron rods and covered it with UV stabilized polythene
sheet. Solar tunnel drier costs Rs 25000 only while manufacturers were selling
such units for Rs 2.00 lakh. Drying of aonla pulp in open sun taking 10 days was
completed within 2 days under this solar tunnel drier. Moisture content was reduced
from 81% to 9% within 2 days under controlled environment. He dried green
aonla to be used in number of ayurvedic medicines and traditional drugs by the
pharmaceutical firms. He also dried aonla fruits after blanching to prepare various
products.
In view of heavy demand by private parties he started purchasing raw aonla
directly from aonla growers @ Rs10/kg which enhanced the income of aonla growers
within 2 years. Earlier his earning was Rs1.00 lakh which raised up to Rs 3.00 lakh
per annum. Today he is providing ensured employment to 50-60 labourers during
cropping season and employment to 4 labourers throughout the year. Each labour
was paid Rs 200 per day. Price of aonla raised from Rs1 to Rs10 put back aonla
cultivation on the right track. Inspired by the endeavour of Shri Madan Lal, farmers
from other districts are going to establish such unit on their farm to enhance their
income. Shri Madan Lal was conferred by social worker award by the district
Collector, Pali during 2009-10.
• Value addi tion put aonla cul tivation on right track
• Solar tunnel drier reduced the dr ying time from 10 to 2 days and brought down
moisture content from 81 to 9 %
• Enhanced the income of aonla growers
• Ensured employment to 60 rural women
• Pharmaceutical firms placed demand
Salient Features
121
Dr Dheeraj Singh
Programme Coordinator
Krishi Vigyan Kendra, CAZRI
Jodhpur, District Pali-306401
Ph: 02932-256771
Fax: 02932-256098
M: 09414194005
122
Laser Land Leveler Enhanced Water Use Efficiency
KVK Sangrur, Punjab
P
urpose of leveling is to achieve uniform seedbed, reduce losses due to
irrigation, conserve soil moisture, avoid soil erosion, improve irrigation water
use efficiency and to promote efficient use of farm inputs. Generally, in rice-
wheat rotation farmers believe that their fields are leveled and need no further
leveling. But the digital elevation survey sheet of a fields shows that most of the
fields are not adequately leveled. Enhancement of water use efficiency and farm
productivity at field level is one of the best options to redress the problem of
declining water level in the state.
It is a technology for using irrigation water efficiently as it reduces irrigation
time and enhances productivity not only of water but also of other farm inputs. It
includes laser emitter, laser receiver, two way hydraulic valve, laser eye, grade rod,
tripod stand, control box on tractor and scraper unit. Laser leveling uses a laser
transmitter unit that constantly emits 360°rotating beam parallel to the required
field plane. This is received by a laser receiver fitted on the scrapper unit. The
signal received is converted into cut and fill level adjustments and the corresponding
changes in scraper level are carried out automatically by a two way hydraulic
control valve. It generally takes 3.75 - 6.25 hour per ha if the mean cut and fill is
within 10-20 cm. Cost of machine is about Rs 3.0 - 3.5 lakh.
During last three years, KVK Sangrur carried out 23 training programmes on
laser land levelling with 527 farmers. During kharif , 2009, approximately 220 ha
of land in Patiala and 400 ha in Sangrur district have been leveled using laser
leveler through village cooperative societies. Now the KVK is focusing on technical
know-how and do-how among workers of co-operative societies for large scale
adoption of technology.
• Enhanced water application ef ficiency
• Saved in irrigation water
• Even application of farm inputs
• Improved weed control ef ficiency
• Less area under bunds/channels
• Reduced labour requirement for irrigation
• Can be used as one of the resource conser vation technologies
Salient Features
123
Dr Jagdish Grover
Programme Coordinator
Krishi Vigyan Kendra
Kheri, District Sangrur-148001
Email: isingh2060@gmail.com
Ph: 01672- 245320
Fax: 01672- 245320
M: 09465821922/ 09855321902
126
Nutritional Security through Integrated Nutrition Garden
KVK Fatehgarh Sahib, Punjab
M
onoculture of rice-wheat cropping system in Fatehgarh Sahib district is
showing the syndrome of un-sustainability in terms of depletion of
groundwater and soil health as well as fertility. Area under fruits and
vegetables is 0.6 and 5 %, respectively. A recent survey concludes that in villages,
on an average, intake of pulses is around 40 g, vegetables 180 g and fruits in
insignificant quantity while an adult requires 85 g pulses, 280-300 g vegetables
and 30-50 g fruits per day for normal maintenance of health.
Keeping the above background in view, KVK Fatehgarh Sahib promoted the
concept of integrated organic farming unit of kitchen garden for nutritional security
of rural people and for diversification of rice-wheat cropping system in project
mode from 2006-07 to 2008-09. Introduced model kitchen garden among fifty
farm families from Suhag Heri village of the district. Based on soil and water testing
report, different varieties of various vegetables, fruits and pulses were cultivated in
an area of 1500 sq m meter out of which pulse crops of rabi and kharif seasons
along with fruit plants grown in 1000 sq m and vegetable crops in 500 sq m. A
series of activities such as 10 training programmes, 10 method demonstrations, 3
field days, 10 kisan goshties, 18 monitoring/guidance visits and 1 vegetable sowing
camp were organized by KVK in the village covering 441 farmers and 445 farm
women.
Pre and post survey of village indicated that farmers were able to earn about
Rs 14296 from 3 canal area (1500 sq m) by cultivating vegetables, pulse crops and
fruits which on far with the income from rice-wheat system. There was positive
change in different food items consumption behavior of farm families. Now, on an
average 80 g pulses, 250 g vegetables and 20 g fruits are being consumed per day
by each member of family covered under project entitled Nutritional Security
through Integrated Nutrition Garden.
• Introduced model ki tchen garden in project mode in Suhag Heri village of Fatehgarh
Sahib district
• Created awareness, knowledge and skill among the farmers about the ki tchen
garden as well as impor tance of human nutri tion through a series of activi ties
• Farmers gained dual benefi ts of earning from rice-wheat system and also achieved
nutri tional securi t y by increasing the intake of vegetables, frui ts and pulses
Salient Features
127
Dr Harinder Singh
Programme Coordinator
Krishi Vigyan Kendra
Shamsher Nagar, Sirhind
District Fatehgarh Shaib-140406
Email: kvkfgs@gmail.com, kvkfatehgarh@pau.edu
Ph: 01763-221217
Fax: 01763-223322
M: 09780090300
128
IFS Reimbursed in Multiple Ways
KVK Theni, Tamil Nadu
S
hri P. Kottaisamy (09003442027) belonging to Kutchanur village in
Uthamapalayam Taluk of Theni district in Tamil Nadu has 6 ha of cultivated
land with adequate supply of irrigation and used to cultivate banana, cotton,
coconut and groundnut by using heavy doses of fertilizers and pesticides. On
continuous cultivation, he couldn’t take up lead because of drastic reduction in
production and also increased cost of cultivation. At one particular point of time,
the cost of cultivation was equal to gross profit. Subsequent years pulled him
down economically and under dept.
He adopted Integrated Farming System (IFS) in 2000 under the technical
guidance of KVK Theni. He integrated his farm with horticultural crops, cereals
and livestock. He mainly uses organic inputs in his farm. For this purpose, he
established infrastructure with the production capacity of 15000 Kg cattle manure
(50 cows), 3000 kg dried FYM, 500 kg enriched FYM, 20 t vermicompost, 6 t cattle
feed mill (20 hp service motor), 25 t chaffed fodder (2 chaff cutters), 1500 hr use
of mechanical weeders per month. Further, he grows maize, sorghum and cumbu
in his farm as cattle feed. He solely depends for 90% of the inputs in his farm and
only 10% of the inputs are purchased from market. He recycles the farm waste.
Excess manure and other inputs sold to other farmers at 10 % less than the market
price. Hence the input cost is enormously reduced and relative transport and labour
cost also reduced. By reducing cost of cultivation and inputs, net profit increased
by 30% and had a net profit of Rs12 lakh/year from all integrated enterprises.
Shri Kottaisamy also go for consultancy programme to various places inside
and outside the state on IFS. He has provided employment opportunity to 15
women and 5 men who are continuously working in his farm. This IFS is a successful
one because of its sustainability since 2000. There are about 200 farmers, farm
women and rural youth and students from various parts of India have come and
visited his farm and undergone training programme on various organic inputs
preparation varying from one day to one week.
• Produced enriched farm yard manure
• Achieved suf ficient fodder production and established cat tle feed mill
• Recycled farm waste through production of vermicompost
• Produced Jeevarmir tham and PanchaKavya
• Established drip irrigation as well as fer tigation systems
• Followed mechanical weed management
• Created employment oppor tuni t y for men and women
• Reduced expendi ture and increased net profi ts as well as soil heal th
Salient Features
129
Dr P. Marimuthu
Programme Coordinator
Krishi Vigyan Kendra
Kamatchipuram (S.O.), District Theni-625 520
Email: cendectkvk@rediffmail.com
cendectmari@rediffmail.com
Ph: 04546-247564
Fax: 04546-247564
Ph: 04546-247990 (R), M: 09442025109
130
IFS for Profitable Agriculture
KVK Lunglei, Mizoram
T
uipui D village in Lunglei district, Mizoram has potential for agriculture,
horticulture and animal husbandry like dairy, piggery and poultry. Agro climatic
variation offers much scope for cultivation of the temperate and tropical fruits
and vegetables. Rice, maize, potato, orange, cabbage, cauliflower are the main
crops. Village is mainly engaged in agriculture on their own or leased land and
therefore agriculture is essential for subsistence of villagers. KVK Lunglei introduced
Integrated Farming System(IFS) in Tuipui D village through a series of activities. As
a result, farmers of this village have adopted IFS in an area of 5.5 ha in 2007-
2008. Within a short span of two years, area was increased to around 10 ha
generating an amount of Rs 50000/ha besides creating self employment.
Farmers integrated poultry and piggery in their farm under the technical
backstopping of KVK. They adopted broiler (Vencobb) in deep litter and cage system.
Around 40-50 birds are reared in one batch. Birds are sold when they attain 1.5 -
2.0 kg either dressed or live weight @ Rs 180 or Rs 140, respectively. Litters are
used as manure to crops in the farm. Many farmers adopted crossbreeds of large
white Vorkshire and Hampshire and some farmers still rear local (Zo-Vawk) pigs
and Burmese breeds. Pigs are reared mostly for meat purpose in this region. But
due to intervention of KVK, now farmers adopted pig breeding. Farmers were highly
benefitted under the scientific management resulting in an increase in meat
production and number of litters per sow.
Shri R. Lalbela (09436756051), Shri Lalrema (09436777223), Shri Lalhminga
(09436761863), Shri Lalrinthanga (09436760915), Shri Lawmsanga
(09436955152), Shri Lalmuanawma (09863420576), Shri Vanlalrova
(09436960195), Shri Laluara (09863435410) are few of the successful farmers of
Tuipui D village. With the adoption of IFS by farmers, farming system of Tuipui D
village is changing and becoming more productive and profitable.
• Double cropping paddy followed by vegetables
• Water har vesting structures (WHS) for storing water during lean period
• Scientific nurser y management
• Introduction of High Yielding Variet y of seeds for vegetables
• Scientific rearing and management of pigger y and poul tr y
Salient Features
131
Dr Lalmuanzovi
Programme Coordinator
Krishi Vigyan Kendra
Hnathial, District Lunglei
Email: rachel_m@rediffmail.com
Ph: 0372- 2332637
Fax: 0372- 2332637
Ph: 0372-2332312/0389-2350413 (R)
M: 09436154614
132
Retired Army Man Turned in to a IFS Farmer
KVK Ri-Bhoi, Meghalaya
S
hri Kwester Majaw, an army man retired in the year 1983 belonging to Saiden
village under Umling block of Ri-Bhoi district adopted Integrated farming
System (IFS) under the technical guidance of KVK Ri-Bhoi. He adopted rice,
vegetables, pine apple and piggery as components of IFS in his farm of 6.0 ha.
Besides he made Jalkund with the financial assistance from NABARD under the
technical guidance of KVK for irrigating crops.
He adopted high yielding varieties of rice (Bhalum 1, Bhalum 2, Shahsarang),
tomato (Avinash, Chiranjeevi), capsicum (California wonder), soybean (JS - 335),
Groundnut (ICGS – 76) and cross breed Piglets (Hampshire) and benefited
profoundly. From Shahsarang variety recorded an yield of 40q/ha. From winter
vegetables alone, he earned an amount of Rs 95000 in 2006-07. With IFS, his
monthly income has increased to Rs 10000 as against he had a tough time to
maintain his eight member family of 4 sons and 2 daughters with his lump sum
pension amount of Rs 2500 per month.
• Integrated various components in the farm
• Introduced high yielding varieties
• Increased productivi t y, production and farm income
• Recognized as IFS farmer
Salient Features
133
Dr R. Bordoloi
Programme Coordinator
Krishi Vigyan Kendra, Ri-Bhoi
KVK ICAR (RC) for NEH Region, Umiam
Email: pckvk@rediffmail.com
Ph: 0364-2570011
Fax: 0364-2570011
M: 09436337276
Many farmers regularly visit his farm for seeking advices from him. Presently,
he is the chairman of Charcha Mandal group. Besides, he is a potential opinion
leader in his village.
134
Sustained Agricultural Productivity Under Rainfed Condition
KVK Chitrakoot, Uttar Pradesh
K
VK Chitrkoot had started its activities in 12 villages after technological gap
analysis through survey. Detailed action plan was prepared including training
on latest technologies for crop production, use of bio – manures and balanced
fertilizers, seed production of improved varieties suitable for rainfed condition,
retention of soil moisture for longer period through green manuring and water
harvesting techniques, line sowing and proper placement of fertilizers, crop
diversification to ensure income through aonla orchard establishment, vegetable
and spices cultivation, goat and fish farming, dairy with improved breeds.
KVK adopted the strategy of peoples participation through formation of
different working groups and farmers clubs, village development committee, youth
club, women club, village health committee, etc. It was decided that all the
programmes and works regarding development of villages would be planned and
executed through these committees and clubs. Responsibilities were framed for
all-round development of villages- clean and green village, abolition of poverty
through increasing production, employment to rural youths good health and
education of villagers. Village development committee decided that the seed
produced in village will be utilized in villages for its further use as seed on exchange
basis. In this way selected villages were covered under high yielding varieties in
next season. Major crops and their varieties under seed production programme
used were rice (NDR-118, Pant-12, Sonam), pigeonpea (NA-1, Bahar), mustard
(Uravashi, Maya, Vardan), gram (KGD-1168, KWR-108), lentil (DPL-62), and
wheat (GW-273, WH-147, K-9465). Total seed produced was 210 q in 2007-08
covering 113 villages and 1424 farmers (840 ha area).
Major outputs in agricultural development were change in farming systems.
Prevailing farming system of crop + animals was changed in to a) crop + vegetable,
b) crop + fruit + animals and c) crop + animals + fish. Average productivity
increased between 30-60%, area under high yielding varieties from 9 to 55 % and
area under vegetables increased from 2 to 5%. Common understanding of villagers
for health, vaccination, cleanliness and education have improved which has changed
the villagers attitude. Area under green fodder has increased. Agriculture and allied
sectors productivity and average income have increased. These villages are treated
as a model for better agricultural development in the district.
• Working through peoples involvement by farmers groups
• All-round development by improving pover t y, employment to rural youths, heal th and
education of villagers
• Seed production in village and i ts utilization for fur ther use as seed in neighbouring
villages
• Change in farming system, average productivi t y increased up to 30-60%.
• Area under improved varieties increased from 9 to 55 % and area under vegetables
increased from 2 to 5%
Salient Features
135
Dr Chhote Singh
Programme Coordinator
Krishi Vigyan Kendra, Ganivan
(Via-Pahari), District Chitrakoot-210206
Email: kvkg@chitrakoot.org
chhoteysingh@yahoo.com
Ph: 05195-255782
M: 09450221025
136
Multi Layer Horti Based Cropping System for Sustainable Livihood among Tribals
KVK Bastar, Chhattisgarh
B
astar district is situated southern part of Chhattisgarh state. Most of the area
(851867 ha) is covered by forest. Rich forest of Bastar has enforced farmers to
develop agro- silvi horticultural pattern of farming. In the district, 66% of
population is dominated by tribals. Local beverages like Sulfi, Mahua, Landa are taken
by tribal and hunting is one of the tradition. Dryland horticulture has tremendous
scope for utilization of these land and upland soils by cultivation of suitable Agri-
horti crops. KVK introduced Multi layer horti based cropping system in the village
Malgaon during 2002-2003. Total area selected initially in the village was 20 ha of
upland and number of farmers selected under area was 10. Field crops such as rice,
maize, pulses cultivated with horticultural crops like fruits and vegetables round the
year and created irrigation facilities through KVK + Convergence Programme (SJGSY)
for these crops. Further, KVK organized awareness campaign, training courses, exposure
visits, demonstrations and other extension activities for better understanding of technology.
Shri Tulsiram from Malgaon adopted Multi layer horti based cropping system in
his 2.5 ha of upland. He cultivated vegetables round the year in kharif, rabi, zaid and
obtained around Rs 300000 as net income as against Rs 15000 from the same land
by mono-cropping with traditional technologies. Consequent years, he strengthened
his farm by standardizing various crop combinations to achieve high returns from a
piece of land with out affecting soil health under the technical guidance of KVK at
regular intervals. His hard work with innovative ideas, Shri Tulsiram received Progressive
Farmers Award by IARI, New Delhi and Hon’ble Chief Minister, Chhattisgarh. He is
now providing employment to local villagers (2500-3000 man days/year) in his farm.
Shri Tulsiram became a Role Model farmer for many farmers.
Multi layer horti based cropping system horizontally spread to near by 8-10 villages
through the principle of seeing is believing and learning by doing. Area under rabi,
Kharif and summer crops was increased by 114, 12.15 and 96.52 %, respectively, after
six years of implementation of this model in the village. This is due to assured irrigation
facilities developed through convergence programmes. Productivity of different agri-
horti cultural crops increased between 13 to 84%. Looking to the success of model,
Panchyat Bastar sanctioned Rs 20 lakh for development of same model in other villages
of Bastar under BRGF scheme. Department of Horticulture, Bastar division also
implemented this model in 50% of upland area in the district. Hon’ble C.M.,
Chhattisgarh state, Hon’ble Vice Chancellor, IGKV, Raipur, and Collector Bastar district
awarded and recognized to KVK for the work on dissemination of Multi layer horti
based cropping system in the district.
• Cul tivated crops like rice, maize, pulses wi th hor ticul tural crops like frui ts and
vegetables round the year for obtaining higher returns per uni t area from a piece of
land
• Improved soil heal th
• Generated rural employment
• Improved living standards of tribal farmers
Salient Features
137
Dr Shishir Chandra Mukharjee
Programme Coordinator
Krishi Vigyan Kendra, Kumharwand
District Bastar-494005
Email: kvk_jagdalpur1@rediffmail.com
Ph: 07782-229071
Fax: 07782-229160/229046
M: 09425585249
140
Vanaraja Introduced in Back Yards
KVK Budgam, Jammu & Kashmir
T
here was a long felt need among the farmers, farm women and rural youth to
start the production of poultry birds in Kashmir valley of Jammu and Kashmir.
Backyard poultry is a part of livelihood among the farm women. However,
low egg production and lesser weight gain is the major problem in the backyard
poultry rearing.
On the basis of surveys, field visits and feedback from farmers and farm women
pertaining to backyard poultry and incubation of eggs in local conditions, KVK
Budgam initiated the activities to access the better alternative for profitable poultry
farming in rural and semi urban areas of district Budgam. Various villages of the
district were selected for incubation of poultry eggs. KVK selected two breeds of
poultry namely, Vanaraja for dual purpose and local poultry for meat purpose. Two
farm families from each selected village were arranged 10 Vanaraja birds for backyard
poultry to upgrade the local flock of poultry.
Results of the breed was very encouraging. Vanaraja birds performed better
than their local counterpart. Hatchability and survivability in Vanaraja birds were
80 % and 90 %, respectively while in local poultry, they were 60 and 85 %,
respectively. Production per unit was also higher in Vanaraja birds, where the
average production per unit was 31.36 Kg chicken and 975 number of eggs in
comparison to deshi bird (10.2 Kg chicken and 240 eggs). This motivated the farm
women to purchase the eggs and chicken of Vanaraja birds. Eggs successfully
incubated under their local fowl. Thus, Vanaraja was found suitable alternative to
local poultry for rearing under backyard poultry system.
• Introduced Vanaraja birds in Various villages of Budgam district and found eggs
were successfully incubated under their local fowl
• Obser ved more hatchabili t y and sur vivabili t y in Vanaraja birds as compared to
local poul tr y
• Vanaraja birds gave on an average 3.2 kg body weight/bird as well produced 125-
135 eggs/year
• Vanaraja birds found sui table al ternative to local poul tr y for rearing under backyard
poul tr y system
Salient Features
141
Dr Gulzar Ahmed Wani
Programme Coordinator
Krishi Vigyan Kendra, SKUAST-K
District Budgam-2305044
Email: drgulzarwani@gmail.com
krishivigyanbudgam@yahoo.com
Ph: 01951- 212234, 01951-2305045
0194-2311977, M: 09419079152
142
Tribes Sustained through Broiler Birds
KVK Papum-Pare, Arunachal Pradesh
A
griculture and allied activities are the mainstay of native people of Papum-Pare
region and livestock based mixed farming is predominant farming system. Modern
agricultural technologies are out of reach for resource poor farmers in the district.
Peri-urban areas showed sporadic growth of small scale commercial broiler units but lack
of technical know-how and non-availability of quality chicks and high input cost limits
their expansion and closure of some of the units. Growing demand is met by importing
broiler birds from outside the state.
Since its inception in 2008, KVK Papum-Pare is being carried out the capacity building
of farmers in a large way. It has been revealed from post training feedback that the farmers
were perceiving technologies and is willing to take up newer ventures for their economic
sustenance. But the financial bottlenecks, ready input availability and lack of service
supports limits the adoption of technologies. To address these critical points, the Kendra
planned and implemented a sustainable model by establishing functional linkage with
financial institutes, service providers and farmers groups. A series of activities were
organized which includes awareness programme among the farmers for formation of
farmers clubs, capacity building programmes and linkage with banks for credit and line
departments for service delivery supports. In this model, Kendra had promoted 9 farmers
clubs for different agri-allied sector farm activities under the NABARD sponsorship. Out
of these farmers clubs, 4 clubs were established broiler poultry farming units on commercial
way with flock size of 300-500 birds where 44 (forty four) farmers participated willingly
under the technical guidance of KVK. Cost of production was Rs 70.33/kg. Average income
per 300 birds/batch was around Rs17 800 and each farmer got a net profit of Rs 1618/
• Conducted feed-back studies
• Farmers clubs were formulated
• Developed insti tutional convergence model and implemented in collaboration wi th
dif ferent stakeholders
• Established functional linkages bet ween scientists, ex tension personnel, bankers
and farmers
• Established poul tr y uni ts by the farmers willingly
• Poul tr y farms gave substantial income to the farmers as well as created employment
among farm families
Salient Features
143
Dr Taba Heli
Programme Coordinator
Krishi Vigyan Kendra, Papumpare
Directorate of AH & Veterinary
Nirjuli, Papumpare-791109
Email: kvkpapumpare@gmail.com
Ph: 0360-2257844
Fax: 0360-2257432, 0360-2258411
M: 09862198490
batch. Besides, units served as source of organic manure for crop production which is
carried out in the vicinity of farm.
Bankers are being pro-active for providing Kisan Credit Cards (KCC) to the farmers
club members for taking up commercial ventures under farm sectors in Papum Pare district
of Arunachal Pradesh. Iinstitutional convergence developed is a step forward for the
upliftment of the tribal socio-economic status through farmers club approach in the district.
Model has built the confidence between faculty of KVK, financial institutions (NABARD
& APRB) and service delivery support (line department especially AH & Veterinary) that
led many farmers coming together in the form of clubs.
144
Layer Faming Potential Enterprise in Assam
KVK Jorhat, Assam
T
here are approximately 4.89 lakh local chicken and 2.37 lakh duck in Jorhat
district of Assam with average productivity of 45 eggs per bird producing 51
million eggs per annum. Though a total of 12275 number of improved backyard
chicken available in the district, there is a gap of more than 97% between the
district demand and local egg production.
KVK Jorhat has introduced commercial layer farming through series of activities.
Shri Ranjit Dutta of Teok town in block Selenghat established a commercial layer
farming unit under the guidance of KVK. He used the breed VB 380 with deep
litter system and Crieston Brown with cage system of housing in 2007. Shri Ranjit
Dutta increased birds to 400 in the third batch and earned a net profit of Rs 1 lakh
with maximum production up to 90% laying. In the year 2010, he increased his
stock up to 600 birds.
Delighted by the success of commercial layer farming using cage system and
high market demand of locally produced brown shell eggs in the local markets,
many people of Jorhat district are coming from distance places to his farm to buy
the beautiful and standard eggs.
• Introduced Vanaraja birds in Various villages of Budgam district and found eggs
were successfully incubated under their local fowl
• Obser ved more hatchabili t y and sur vivabili t y in Vanaraja birds as compared to
local poul tr y
• Vanaraja birds gave on an average 3.2 kg body weight/bird as well produced 125-
135 eggs/year
• Vanaraja birds found sui table al ternative to local poul tr y for rearing under backyard
poul tr y system
Salient Features
145
Dr Rupam Borgohain
Programme Coordinator
Krishi Vigyan Kendra
AAU, Teok, Jorhat-785112
Email: jogeshgoswami@yahoo.in
Ph: 0376-2396510
146
Backyard Poultry Farming Leads to Poverty Alleviation
KVK Rudraprayag, Uttarakhand
U
nemployment is the most burning problem of the newly formed state of
Uttarakhand. In Rudraprayag district, more than 2/3 population resides in
the villages and their main occupation is agriculture and animal husbandry.
Small land holdings, scattered land, terrace farming, non-availability of technical
know-how, rainfed farming situation, wild animals attack, non-availability of proper
market facilities for the end product and typical geographical conditions, etc. makes
the farming uneconomical. Seasonal business of serving to the pilgrims of lord
Kedarnath and Badrinath is unable to fulfill the annual requirements of people.
Many people especially rural youths are unemployed and bound to migrate for
employment to metropolitan cities of the country.
During the village meetings it was realized that the youth agreed to start
backyard poultry farming for employment. A seven days vocational training course
on backyard poultry farming for rural youths was conducted in 2006. During
training, practical sessions were conducted on sanitation of the farm and making
low cost backyard poultry sheds from locally available resources. Shri Lakhan Singh
Rana, a resident of village Bansu, after receiving training from KVK in first batch
consulted KVK to start backyard poultry farming in January 2007. He made all
necessary modifications in the room under the guidance of KVK and started poultry
farming. In the first lot, 100 broiler chicks were reared out of this 95 chicks were
sold undressed. A sum of Rs 13500 was earned as gross income from the first lot.
• Introduced poul tr y farming by KVK through vocation training of days duration
• In the first lot, wi th 100 broiler chicks farmer earned gross income of Rs 13500
• By seeing the per formance, bank ex tended Rs 60000 loan for expansion of poul tr y
uni t run by Shri Lakhan Singh Rana
• A total of 26 backyard poul tr y uni ts were star ted by trained farmers of KVK wi th
a flock size of 100 to 300 birds and earning ranges from Rs 8000 to Rs 24000 per
each uni t
Salient Features Salient Features Salient Features Salient Features Salient Features
147
Encouraging gain from the first lot inspired Shri Lakhan Singh Rana for further
expanded his poultry farm. He received Rs 60000 from bank for infrastructure and
other expenditure related to backyard poultry farming and established a commercial
poultry farm. From seeing the success of Shri Lakhan Singh Rana, so far 26 trained
farmers started backyard poultry farming at their home with a flock size of 100 to
300 birds and happily earning an income ranging from Rs 8000 to Rs 24000 per
flock. Technology exhibited potential for income and employment generation in
the rural area.
Dr V.B. Singh
Programme Coordinator I/C
Krishi Vigyan Kendra, Jakhdhar
via Guptakashi
District Rudraprayag-246439
Fax: 01364-267320
09410104959
Vaccination Against Newcastle Disease Saved Back Yard Poultry
KVK Phek, Nagaland
148
T
here are approximately 3.55 lakh poultry birds in Phek district and most of
them are being reared as backyard poultry. Flock size of rural poultry varies
from 4 to 20 and about 75% of total bird population in Phek consists of
nondescript breeds. Majority of farmers in Phek practise mixed farming by raising
small stocks. Among small stocks, poultry is most preferred in rural households of
Phek because chicken are relatively cheaper to buy and requires less attention and
care. Low production performance of local germplasm coupled with traditional
rearing practices and high incidence of endemic diseases makes poultry rearing
most vulnerable. Newcastle disease proved to be most deleterious disease of
poultry and rural poultry suffers a lot due to it. In fact, average poultry bird
population per village is1600. Egg production from 480 birds (30% in lay) @ 60
eggs/hen/year is 28800 eggs. Loss in egg production due to Newcastle disease
assuming 75.5% mortality is 21720 eggs which costs Rs 86880 (@ Rs 4/egg).
Loss due to death of 362 layers @ Rs 80/bird is Rs 28960. Loss due to Newcastle
disease outbreaks in remaining 1120 birds assuming 75.5% mortality @ Rs 50
per bird is Rs 42300. Total loss due to outbreak is Rs 158140.
KVK Phek, demonstrated vaccination against the devastating Newcastle disease
by involving the women SHGs and rural youths. Estimated average loss due to
Newcastle disease before vaccination was approximately Rs 158140/village/year
assuming deaths as 75.5% and the loss reduced to Rs 28086/village/year as average
death rate after vaccination came down to 13.4% .Thus adoption of vaccination
against Newcastle disease has saved Rs 130054/village/year.
Farmers felt that vaccination has reduced the risk of Newcastle disease epidemic.
Protection provided to their existing birds through vaccination developed confidence
to upscale the production. As it was difficult to arrange the vaccine for 5-10 birds
from far away places to the remote villages by individual farmer, trained youths are
collecting money from all farmers and regularly vaccinating their flocks.
• Ef fectively demonstrated vaccination against the devastating Newcastle disease
by involving the women SHGs and rural youths
• Average death rate af ter vaccination came down to 13.4% that saved Rs 130054/
village/year
• Trained youths regularly vaccinating farmers flocks in remote villages
• Protection against Newcastle disease has strengthened the economic status of
women as rural poul tr y is primarily managed by them and i t is also providing
nutri tional securi t y to the house holds
Salient Features
149
Dr Raj Karan Singh
Programme Coordinator
Krishi Vigyan Kendra, NRCM Phek
Pfutsero P.O., District Phek-797107
Email: rksingh3@gmail.com, kvkphek@gmail.com
Ph: 03865-281436
Fax: 03865-281436
M: 09436606353
150
No Cost Technology for Quail Brooding
KVK Port-Blair, A & N Islands
Q
uail in Andaman and Nicobar Islands is a household name for dual purpose
of egg and meat. Recent studies revealed that blood cholesterol could be
controlled by regular consumption of quail egg and meat. This has increased
the demand of both egg and meat in many fold not only in Islands but also in
mainland. This has created a unique opportunity for Islands women to rear more
and more number of quail birds for sale of egg and meat both in Islands and
mainland. However, brooding of quail egg is a problem for quail rearers as they
have to travel a long distance to reach Central Agricultural Research Institute,
Port Blair for hatching through incubator. Average hatchability recorded through
incubator was 65 % followed by survivability of 50 % during transport of chicks.
In addition, it involves an additional cost on bringing eggs to hatching place and
back to rearing place. On the other hand, survival rate of naturally hatched chicks
(by hen) was more than 73 % and average hatchability by this means was more
than 66 %.
Sensing the benefit of quail rearing vis-à-vis solving the problem of brooding,
KVK Port Blair developed a unique idea of brooding quail eggs by hen. In this
process quail eggs are kept in a basket with one or two poultry eggs for its brooding
by hen. Without identifying the quail eggs, the hen starts brooding the eggs
along with poultry eggs. As quail eggs are hatched 2-3 days earlier than the poultry
eggs, care needs to be taken to separate quail chicks immediately after hatching to
prevent them from stamping by hen. Separated chicks are then kept in a separate
container with an electricity bulb fitted nearby to provide required warmth. This
practice of brooding by hen has been immensely popular in the Islands and many
women are practicing it at their houses. In this process quail eggs hatched during
June 2007 to July 2008 by Islands by women recorded 66 % hatching and nearly
74 % survival rate. This no-cost technology has helped a large number of women
to earn an additional income from quail rearing in A & N Islands.
• This is absolutely a no-cost technology
• Housewives can easily earn addi tional income through this practice
• Hatchabili t y and mor tali t y significantly dif fer than other methods
• Addi tion of quail egg and meat in daily diet controls blood cholesterol
• Quail egg and meat have high demand
Salient Features Salient Features Salient Features Salient Features Salient Features
151
Dr Nagesh Ram
Programme Coordinator
Krishi Vigyan Kendra
Central Agricultural Research Institute
PB No.181, Port Blair-744101
Email: mail@cari.res.in, director@cari.res.in
Ph: 03192-250547
Fax: 03192-251068
152
Piggery as Subsidiary Occupation
KVK Hassan, Karnataka
S
ince its inception, KVK Hassan conducted various training programmes and
demonstrations in the field of Animal Husbandry in general and piggery
farming in particular. Shri Nagendra, one of the ex-trainee of KVK, from
Dasarakoppalu established piggery unit with an initial investment of Rs 64800 in
2002 without availing loan from any source.
To begin with KVK supplied eight Yorkshire piglets @ Rs 600 per piglet to
Shri Nagendra. Interestingly he used only hotel kitchen waste as source of feed
and nutrients supplemented by mineral mixture. Thus, he incurred only Rs 30 per
day towards fuel to bring the hotel kitchen waste. Every day he used to bring 250
kg of hotel kitchen waste which is sufficient to feed 15 adult pigs and 30 piglets.
Besides, he used to get free medicines and B-complex supplements from the
Department of Animal Husbandry on free of cost. So far he sold more than 2250
piglets to farmers of Hassan as well as neighboring districts. Benefit Cost Ratio of
the unit is 7.35.
According to Shri Nagendra, he uses the leisure time for working in piggery
farm and works only for 2 hours a day which does not incur any extra labour
charges. Amusingly he started running an auto riksha and pride owner of 3 auto
• Shri Nagendra sells 25-30 piglets and 15 adul t pigs per month
• Star ted more than 100 pigger y uni ts in Hassan and neighbouring districts
• Pig catcher was modified by KVK was released in 2008 by Universi t y of Agricul tural
Sciences, Bangalore.
• Pigger y has improved the socio economic condi tion of Shri Nagendra in a great
ex tent
Salient Features
153
rikshas at present and earning an additional booming income. He is the inspiration
behind many farmers for starting the piggery units who have purchased piglets
from him and by now at least more than 100 piggery units have been started.
Thus, the tangible impact can be seen in the district.
Dr O.R. Nataraju
Programme Coordinator
Krishi Vigyan Kendra, Kandali
District Hassan-573 217
Email: hassan.kvk@gmail.com
Ph: 08172-256092
Fax: 08172-256792
Sweet Potato as Feed for Crossbred Pigs
KVK Ri-Bhoi, Meghalaya
154
A
total of 37688 number pig population is there in Ri-Bhoi district and they
feed in three types viz., (i) Scavenging (ii) Feeding of locally available feed
resources along with concentrate feed iii) Feeding with recommended/
computed concentrate feed.
Sweet potato in local Khasi dialect is known Phankaro. The Ri-Bhoi district
has an area of 157 ha under sweet potato cultivation with a productivity of 36 q/
ha. KVK Ri-Bhoi disseminated sweet potato as feed for crossbred pigs and
introduced promising varieties of sweet potato namely ST-14, Meghalaya local
and Kokrajhar Red through demonstrations for increasing the productivity and
production. A total of 25650 numbers of sweet potato vine cuttings of three
varieties were arranged to 10 farmers of 6 different villages of the district. Out of
three varieties, ST-14 was found to be performing well with an average yield of 36
t/ha followed by Meghalaya local (31t/ha) and Kokrajhar Red (22 t/ha). Variety ST-
14 was adopted by 70-75% in an area of 20 ha in subsequent years.
With supplementation of sweet potato (up to 60%) in the pig ration, farmers
saved up to 75% of total feed cost without hampering the production performance
of pig. Sweet potato tuber in raw form could be fed to swine up to a maximum
• Introduced promising varieties of sweet potato
• Supplemented sweet potato vine cut tings and tubers in pig ration
• Farmers saved 75 % cost of concentrate pig feed
• Increased body weight of pigs there by gained more income
Salient Features
155
level of 40% on DM basis and that boiling of tuber could be fed up to 60% along
with good quality vegetable protein (soybean meal) and mineral mixture for
economical production. A total of 55 pig growers are now practicing sweet potato
as feed and reducing 75% of cost on swine feeding. Production performance of
crossbreed pigs in farmers field who fed on sweet potato tubers showed good
result and average body weight recorded at 6 months of age was 32.5 kg against
18 kg body weight gain under local feeding practices.
Dr R. Bordoloi
Programme Coordinator
Krishi Vigyan Kendra
KVK ICAR (RC) for NEH Region
Umiam, District Ri-Bhoi
Email: pckvk@rediffmail.com
Ph: 0364-2570011
Fax: 0364-2570011
M: 09436337276
156
Rabbit Farming Provided Dual Benefits
KVK Zunheboto, Nagaland
K
VK Zunheboto introduced rabbit breed Newzealand White in Sumisettsu
village under Akuluto block of the district Zunheboto for the first time in
2008. As farmers were not aware of the rabbit farming and its meat quality,
it gave them a boost and came forward for rearing rabbit on large scale. Since its
introduction, a total of 90-100 farmers are engaged in rabbit farming in Akuluto
block.
In Nagaland where 100% people are non-vegeterian, there is a scarcity of
meat. Introduction of rabbit farming has helped to increase the availability of meat
from 47 to 55 gm per day and on an average each farmer could sell rabbit amounting
Rs 1000-1500 per month. Many SHGs adopted rabbit farming and gaining dual
benefits of meat for home consumption as well as earning additional income by
selling rabbits.
Smt Helen (09436203994), Member secretary of SHG from Aotsakili village,
Smt Lovini (09615379548), Member secretary of SHG from Shichimi village, Smt
• Newzealand whi te rabbi t growth is 10-15g/day
• More number of farmers as well as SHGs came for ward for adopting rabbi t farming
• Meat availabili t y increased from 47g/day to 55g/ day
• Rabbi t farming provided dual benefi ts of meeting home demand of meat and earning
addi tional income by selling rabbi ts
Salient Features
157
Khekhali (09402021128), Member secretary of SHG from Lumami village are some
of the SHGs performing rabbit farming very well. Many more SHGs are coming
forward to adopt rabbit farming in the district.
Prof V. K. Sharma
Programme Coordinator
Krishi Vigyan Kendra, Zunheboto
Nagaland University, Lumami
Mokokchung P.O., District Zunheboto-798601
Email: vbsharmadmp@Indiatimes.com, kvkzunheboto@yahoo.in
0369- 2268255/ 2268256
Fax: 0369- 2268255
03862-228121 (R), M: 09436004413
158
Fish Farming Flourished in Farm Ponds
KVK Washim, Maharashtra
F
arm ponds were established for water conservation and water harvesting
under National Horticulture Mission in Washim district. Water was available
eight to nine months in these farm ponds which is used for critical irrigation.
This untapped potential has been utilized for fish farming by the intervention of
KVK Washim.
Shri Sambhaji Wankhede, Shri Santosh Gore, Shri Akosh Deshmukh, Shri
Vishram Khandare and Dr Sanap, young entrepreneurs, from different villages of
Washim district underwent training on fish farming at KVK followed by exposure
visit to Andhra Pradesh.
They started the fish farming scientifically in their existing farm ponds with
the guidance provided by KVK in the year 2006-07. KVK has arranged Carp as
well as Magur fish seed to the farmers. Now they are getting a net profit of Rs
6950 to 19770 on each farm pond with a Benefit Cost Ratio of 2.02 to 3.44.
Additional income gained by these farmers has inspired other farmers to take-up
up fish farming in their existing feasible 200 farm ponds.
• Farm ponds were basically used for irrigation
• KVK introduced fish cul ture in existing farm ponds
• Fish farming is flourishing in farm ponds and farmers are gaining addi tional income
• Now farm ponds are being utilized for dual purpose like irrigation as well as for fish
farming
Salient Features
159
Mr S.K. Deshmukh
Programme Coordinator I/C
Krishi Vigyan Kendra, P.O. Risod
Loni Road, District Washim-444506
Email: kvk.washim@yahoo.com
Ph: 07251-222260, 07251-222462
07254-234099
M: 09422938764/09422938753
160
Farm Women as an Innovative Fish Producer
KVK Jharsuguda, Odisha
K
VK Jharsuguda introduced fish farming in the existing farm ponds through
a series of activities. Smt Dulukumari Naik, a member of Maa Sarala SHG
from the village Durlogaon of the block in Jharsuguda district has 1.6 ha of
land, out of which 0.4 ha is pond area. She adopted fish farming in her existing
farm pond under the guidance of KVK. She is following the recommended scientific
practices in multiple carp culture. She has taken the pre-stocking practices like
weeding, removal of unwanted cat fishes application of lime @ 300 kg and cow
dung @ 2 t as per recommendations. she has not applied any synthetic fertilizer
for plankton growth during the culture practices and any medicine also.
However, as per scientific cultural practices, the feed requirement to get
marketable size of fish from 0.4 ha of pond area is 500 kg @ Rs15 per kg along
with GNOC and rice bran @ 300 kg each which costs Rs15 per Kg. Thus total
feed costs Rs16500 which adds to the production cost. Here, Dulkumari by her
personal experience reduces this feed cost by applying 400 kg GNOC and waste of
country liquor which is a specific kind of liquor made from rice by the tribals of
• Reduce fish feed cost by preparing her own feed
• Providing nutri tion to family
• Enhanced family income
• Enhanced rural employment
Salient Features
161
western Orissa. Cost incurred by applying the GNOC and waste of liquor is Rs
6000 @ Rs 15 per Kg of GNOC there by she reduced the production cost by Rs
10500 with out affecting the marketable size of fish growth. She became member
of maa sarala SHG. She was recognized in the district for her innovative idea in the
particular field like pisciculture.
Dr Niranjan Das
Programme Coordinator
Krishi Vigyan Kendra, OSAP line
In front of Vikas Medical Hall
District Jharsugda
Email: pckvksng@yahoo.com
jharsugudakvk@yahoo.co.in
M: 09437345716
162
Panchayath Pond as Source of Income
KVK Champawat, Uttarakhand
I
n the year 2005, KVK Champawat started motivating farmers of the area for
scientific fish rearing through trainings and demonstrations. Shri Mahesh Singh
Adhikari of village Barakot visited a Panchayath pond of his village, which was
being used for the cattle and washing vehicles. He approached KVK for
demonstrating fish farming technology. Area of pond was 400 m
2
and pond was
situated in middle of village along side road connecting to main market of the
block. First time 500 fish fingerlings (2 inch size) of common carp were stocked in
the pond in June, 2005. Two months later in August, 700 fingerlings of silver carp
and 300 fingerlings of grass carp were also stocked in the pond. Periodically, lime
was applied to improve the water quality of the pond by analysing at the interval
of every two months and accordingly inputs were used in the pond. Three training
programmes were conducted in the village on various practices of fish farming to
aware the farmers. Regular field visits of village were made to advice farmers.
After a period of 21 months fishes were harvested in March, 2007. Total of
310 kg fish of 300 to 1200 g size each were harvested. Fishes of less than 300 g
(approximately 1-1.5 q) were left in the pond for further growing to marketing
size. Total of Rs 4100 were spent on the inputs such as fish seed, fish feed, lime
and labour charges and Rs 27900 were earned from the sale of fishes. As a result,
village panchayath not only earned net income of Rs 23800 from the pond but
villagers also got fresh fishes first time in the area. Now, pond has been given to
a villager on lease. In this way, pond has become source of income to lease owner
• Panchayath pond was ef fectively utilized for fish farming
• A net profi t of Rs 27900 earned by the Panchayath from the existing pond in the
middle of the village
• Villagers got fresh fish
• Now Panchayath has leased the pond for fish farming
• Inspired many farmers to adopt fish farming in their existing farm ponds
Salient Features
163
as well as village panchayath and providing fresh fishes to villagers for their
consumption. Impact of successful demonstration on fish farming in this
panchayath pond is that 15 farmers of the nearby areas have started fish farming
in their ponds.
After observing encouraging results more number of farmers are adopting fish
farming which is reflected as increase in number of farmers (65 to 180), number of
ponds (80 to 215) and fish production (30-35 kg/100m
2
to 50-55 kg/100m
2
) within
a period of 4 years i.e. from 2005 to 2009. In the district 25 fish farmers have
adopted fish-poultry and 12 have adopted fish-duck integrated farming.
Dr M.P. Singh
Programme Coordinator
Krishi Vigyan Kendra, PO Gulchora
Lohaghat, Champawat-262524
Email: umakantdiwakar@gmail.com
Ph: 05965-234820
Fax: 05965-234206
M: 09412925543
164
Remunerative Composite Fish Farming
KVK Divyodaya-West Tripura, Tripura
F
ish is the staple diet for 95% of the population of Tripura. It is bestowed with
vast natural water resources along with climatic conditions for fish farming.
However, open aqua resources of the state are seasonal in nature. Fish
productivity of village ponds was negligible (1.9 t/ha/year) due to lack of scientific
know-how and do-how on composite and integrated fish farming.
KVK West Tripura trained farmers and rural youth on composite fish farming.
Shri Sagar Deb, who attended vocational training at KVK, has adopted composite
fish farming in1.12 ha of water body under the technical guidance of KVK in
2006-07. Technology on stocking density and species combination ratio, fertilizer
management, management of diseases, harvesting and stocking manipulation
etc were guided by KVK. He harvested average fish yield of 18.75 q/ha as against
11.62 q/ha in previous year without guidance. Shri Deb gained a net income of Rs
242500 and Rs245000 in 2006-07 and 2007-08, respectively, with agricultural
crop from the pond embankment. Where as prior to this in 2005-06, without any
scientific knowledge and training he invested Rs190000 and received Rs 130000
with a loss of Rs 50000.
• Adopted composi te fish cul ture wi th proper stocking densi t y, species combination
ratio and nutrient management
• Ef ficiently utilized pond embankment wi th hor ticul tural crops
• Increased yield 18.75 q/ha as against 11.62 q/ha
• Increased adoption of composi te fish farming by 70-80 % among farmers
Salient Features
165
Composite fish farming in scientific manner is now adopted by 70-80% of the
fish farmers, Self Help Groups, Farmers Interest Groups, and Farmer’s Clubs in
nearby locality and producing required amount of table fish. This has ensured
stability in supply and price of different categories of fish in this region and projected
per capita availability of 13 kg is going to be fulfilled against the present availability
of 9 kg. Efforts are being made to launch a drive for practicing composite fish
farming through individual farmers/cooperative groups/SHGs in the village Cerma
of Uttar Chebri.
Dr Pranab Dutta
Programme Coordinator
Krishi Vigyan Kendra
Chebri P.O., Khowai, District West Tripura-799207
Email: pranabd1974@indiatimes.com
kvkwesttripura@yahoo.com
Ph: 03825- 222274
Fax: 03825- 222274
Ph: 03825- 222274 (R), M: 0986335190
166
Fish-cum-Duck Integrated Farming Enriches Rural Women
DRWA Bhubaneswar, Odisha
D
irectorate of Research on Women in Agriculture (DRWA) introduced fish-
cum-duck integrated farming in 27 ponds of individual homesteads and
community ownership covering 8.2 ha belonging to 257 women from 9
coastal villages of Puri and Khurda districts in Odisha. Khaki Cambell and Indian
Runners variety of ducks were introduced in the system.
Ponds were selected which are away from the rice fields as the ducks have the
tendency to enter into the rice field and damage the crop at the harvesting stage.
Fish-cum-duck integrated system reduced input cost in term of feed and enhanced
production 3.2 t/ha as against 2.0 t/ha with composite fish culture. Besides,
generated an additional income through eggs and meat of ducks. Ponds more
than 0.2 ha located nearby the household found to be suitable for effective
maintenance of 40 ducks by rural women.
Because of social and religions restrictions, only women belonging to Scheduled
Caste adopted fish-cum-duck farming. Reason is most of the women belonging to
this caste are daily labourers and are willing to do labour. They readily accept the
egg and meat of duck, which is generally not accepted by the higher class.
• Fish-cum-duck integrated system is a low input farming
• Ef ficiently utilized available farm resources
• No/less risk for diversification of farm enterprise
• Provided addi tional food and income
• Continued supply of wastes from ducks ensures the pond fer tilization as well as
reduces weed population and there by ensured sustainable production
Salient Features
167
Dr P.K Sahoo
Senior Scientist
DRWA, Bhubaneswar
E-mail: psahooin@yahoo.co.in
Fax: 0674-2386242
M: 09861077107
168
Deshi Ducks Improved through Cross Breeding
KVK Purulia, West Bengal
K
VK, Purulia as a part of its transfer of technology bid through village adoption
programme visited Manikdih village and interacted with the village head
and other farmers for launching a number of developmental programmes.
This was followed by survey of the village through PRA technique. This survey
revealed that a programme on upgradation of deshi duck was initiated by State
Animal Husbandry Department, but did not yield any result.
KVK learned in detail about this programme and observed that good number
of deshi ducks were available in that village. Further interaction revealed that duck
egg and meat have preference among the villagers. Moreover, demand for duck
meat touches its peak during a local festival (Manasa Puja) as ducks are offered to
Goddess. This revelation prompted the KVK to try upgradation of deshi duck
through Khaki Campbell drakes in a phased manner. Thirteen number of Khaki
Campbell drakes were arranged for 29 local ducks to start with this programme.
Altogether 12 families were involved in this programme. After a span of six months
the ducks started lying eggs of 78 gm weight each. This was followed by longer
laying period (130-135 days as against 50-60 days for deshi ducks) and brooding
of better quality ducklings (51 gm weight of day old duckling against 37 gm of
deshi one) with almost nil mortality rate. The gain in body weight was also much
better in cross bred ducks (1600 gm in 7 months as against 1025 gm of deshi
ducks).
• Improvement of deshi ducks through crossbreeding
• This is a low cost technology
• Breed up gradation is possible wi th least monetar y involvement
• Assured bet ter return in terms of eggs and meat
• Women can practice this technology qui te comfor tably
Salient Features
169
Performance of upgraded ducks has helped 12 families earn sizeable additional
income both from egg and meat. Price of these eggs is much higher due to its size
and weight. Economy worked out by KVK indicated that only from eggs farmers
are earning a profit of Rs 330 per duck. As Khaki Campbell is available @ Rs 70
only with State Poultry Farm, Purulia and ducklings do not need any extra care
except vaccination against duck plague at 2 months of age, farmers are earning an
additional income without incurring an extra expenditure. This low cost technology
has been successfully adopted in 23 villages and number is increasing day by day.
Sri Sanjib Kumar Bhattacharya
Programme Coordinator
Krishi Vigyan Kendra
Vivekanandanagar P.O., District Purulia-723147
Email: kalyankvk@yahoo.com
Ph: 03252-280207
Fax: 03252-228318
Ph: 03252-2266365, M: 09332038550
Agro Processing Made Farm Women Self-sustenance
DRWA Bhubaneswar, Odisha
172
D
irectorate of Research on Women in Agriculture (DRWA), Bhubaneswar
formed a Sangram Vikram Self Help Group (SV SHG) in Keonjar village of
Odisha with 14 members of farm women. Group opened a bank account in
State Bank of India, Pipili in September, 2002. Group has leased in 0.2 ha of land
for a period of 3 years @ Rs 650/year and cultivated vegetables such as tomato,
cauliflower, beans, potato and greens and earned a gross income of Rs 1278 with
a net profit of Rs 958 within a period of one season.
Further, group members underwent training at DRWA and established a fruit
processing unit under the technical guidance of DRWA. Within a year they earned
a net profit of Rs 2368 by selling lime and orange squash as well as baddi with
black gram. With initiation of the President of group, M/s Hindustan Lever Limited
placed an order for 40 bottles of lime squash. This inspired the group to get a loan
of Rs 50000 from the State Bank of India for expanding the unit. They prepared
2000 bottles of lime squash and 50 bottles of tomato puree and different types of
spices including turmeric powder which was sold in the exhibition organized by
Odisha State Government and earned a net profit of Rs 28000. Each member of
the group earned a net profit of Rs 900/month. After repaying the entire bank
loan, group deposited more than one lakh in bank account of the unit. Group has
also ventured in micro-financing and extended Rs 40000 loan to Sarala Self Help
Group with 12% interest per annum. Group is continuing with the tie of M/s
Hindustan Lever Limited for regular supply of squash.
By retaining Principal amount in bank, the net profit earned was distributed
among the group members. This has helped members to improve their status
within the family and society. They utilize this money for their children’s education,
health, household consumption and better nutrition. Now group runs smoothly
with more profit because of the efforts rendered by each woman in the group .
• Group members worked wi th team spiri t as well as self confidence
• Group established functional linkage wi th credi t agencies and renowned company
for marketing their products
• Developed leadership as well as entrepreneurship among farm women
• Farm women self-sustained through agro-processing technologies
Salient Features
173
Dr Suman Agarwal
Principal Scientist
DRWA, Bhubaneswar
Email:agarwalsuman2004@yahoo.co.uk
Fax: 0674-2386242
M: 09861122549
174
Chronicles of Hard Work
KVK Palghat, Kerala
M
d P. M. Kunhi Mohammed, Padinjarakath House, Poovakkodu, Maruthur P.O., Pattambi
belongs to a poor rural family. Md Kunhi Mohammed and his family were struggling
to meet their both ends with the meagre wages which he obtained from field work
as a farm labourer. His family included aged father and younger brothers. Seeking for a better
opportunity, he tried the career of Madrassa Teacher, again to be disappointed, as he could
not support his big family. Md Yusuf, his brother who was doing B. Com., dropped the college
due to financial stringency. At this juncture, two brothers attended one month training course
on processing of fruits and vegetables at KVK, Palghat in 1998. Immediately after completion
of the training, they started to produce jam and halwa investing a capital of Rs 3000 which
they managed to borrow from friends and relatives. Their venture suffered a set back as the
products could not catch the attention of the customers in the market and resulted in a
complete loss of their investment.
Though their first attempt gave them a bitter fruit, without losing their heart they took
it as a challenge and decided to go ahead with some other products. Thus, they purchased
mangoes from their neighbourhood and started producing mango pickles using pickle
production technology learnt from KVK. They prepared small polythene packets of mango
pickle and marketed in the premises of Vanneri High School at Puthanpalli, Perumpadappa,
the main customers being the students. Each packet was sold at Rs 0.50. This continued for
two months and they could gain Rs 500 from an investment of Rs 50. With this first success,
they got motivated and decided to expand the business.
With this Rs 500 they purchased variety of fruits such as mango, lemon, dates and
garlic. They started producing different types of pickles and prepared 250 gm pickle packets.
Selling price was Rs10 for all pickles, except for garlic which was sold @ Rs15 per packet.
They used bicycle for door-to-door marketing of the products. They were getting a profit of
40% from their value addition activity. In addition they participated in a three days local
Vipanana Mela and sold their products. They could gather a profit of Rs 3000 from the sale of
pickles in the Mela which increased their confidence. Then, under the technical guidance of
KVK, they established pickle processing unit initially at Puthanpalli and gradually shifted to
Pattambi with brand name as Puthuma Achar with SSI register number 0907/16342. Now
they are running the unit in a building of their own. The unit possesses a ginger slicer developed
by Md Kunhi Mohammed himself, and also a mixy, an electronic weighing balance and a
sealing machine. Products are distributed in neighbouring districts of Malappuram and Thrissur
also, for which they purchased 6 carriage vehicles (2 jeeps, 2 auto rikshaws and two wheelers).
Presently, there are 22 assistants employed in the unit. Marketing assistants are engaged on
25% commission basis. Puthuma Pickle unit has shown an example of empowerment through
value added fruits and vegetables.
• Star ted pickle processing wi th an investment of Rs 50 for the production of 10 kg mango pickle
and earned an income of Rs 500 in 1998
• Invested Rs 300 for the production of 40 kg pickles of dif ferent frui ts and vegetables and earned an
income of Rs 2000 in 2000
• Invested Rs 10000 for the production of 1000 kg pickles of dif ferent frui ts and vegetables and
earned an income of Rs 40000 in 2005
• Invested Rs 60000 for the production of 3000 kg pickles of dif ferent frui ts and vegetables and
earned an income of Rs 120000 in 2009
• KVK Palghat acts as the king pin behind their escalation
Salient Features
175
Dr P. Shaji James
Programme Coordinator
Krishi Vigyan Kendra, Mele Pattambi P.O.
District Palghat-679306
Email: kvkpalakkad@gmail.com
Ph: 0466-2212279
Fax: 0466-2212279
Ph: 0487-237669 (R), M: 09447924629
176
Value Addition Generated Women Self Employment
KVK Washim, Maharashtra
T
here was lack of awareness on post harvesting technologies as well as
leadership among the SHGs in Washim district of Maharashtra. But KVK
Washim successfully introduced value addition and processing technologies
that has created employment to members of SHGs. KVK created awareness among
30 SHGs as well as trained their members on value addition and processing of
fruits, vegetables, cereals and pulses and also on leadership skills.
These SHGs of 300 women have established home-scale enterprises on banana
wafers, potato wafers, papaya tuti fruity, aonla supari, aonla candy, etc. under the
brand name SWAMINI under the guidance of KVK . Sales outlet was created for
SHG products by NGO on free of cost at Risod which is a tahsil place. As per the
record, each SHG member earned on an average Rs 1995/month with the maximum
income of Rs 56667/month in case of soya based products from their home-scale
units.
Success of above SHG members lead to many women entrepreneurs from other
parts of Maharashtra and contacted KVK for training on Vegetable and fruit
processing. Two SHGs in Mangrulpir tahsil established home-scale enterprises on
banana wafers and soya products. Two SHGs at Malegaon and Krishna village in
• KVK Washim created awareness and capaci t y building among members of SHGs
on value addi tion and processing technologies
• A total 43 home-sclale processing uni ts were established by women SHGs
• Women members of SHGs got self employment as well as earning addi tional income
in their leisure time at their home through post har vesting technologies
Salient Features
177
Washim district established soya processing units. Three SHGs working under
SEWA NGO from Ahmedanagar established Agarbatti, candle and chalk making
units. Six SHGs from Mothegaon and Ganeshpur village in Washim district
established soyanuts and masala and chilli powder making units. Products like
soya processing, masala production, turmeric pickle etc., have spread in many
pockets of the district. Similarly large publicity through Agro won newspaper has
attracted many dealers from Pune, Kolhapaur, Ahmedanagar, Sangamaner, Newasa,
Akola and Jalgaon districts of Maharashtra.
Mr S.K. Deshmukh
Programme Coordinator I/C
Krishi Vigyan Kendra, Risod P.O.
Loni Road, District Washim-444506
Email: kvk.washim@yahoo.com
Ph: 07251-222260
07251-222462
07254-234099
M: 09422938764/09422938753
178
Income Generation through Value Addition
KVK Hamirpur, Himachal Pradesh
F
arming systems of district Hamirpur are mixed and subsistence in nature.
Each household in the district is involved in agriculture, horticulture and animal
husbandry activities. Participation of women in agriculture and animal
husbandry sectors is more than 70%. During lean periods, rural women devote
their time in preparing pickles and nuggets (barian) at household level as the
district has surplus of fruits, vegetables, milk, pulses and cereals. To make such
women as rural entrepreneurs, KVK Hamirpur in collaboration with Department
of Agriculture and Horticulture organized 7 vocational training courses wherein
trained 110 farm women of different Self Help Groups (SHGs) for preparation of
various value added products viz. pickles, jams, squash, nuggets (barian), vermicelli
(sevian) and so on during 2001-02 and 2002-03.
A Self Help Group consisting of 20 farm women established an enterprise unit
on value addition in 2001-02. Products are prepared almost round the year except
dried items like nuggets (barian), vermicelli (sevian), seera whose preparation is
avoided during rainy season. They were not only engaged in value addition but
also in cultivation of mushroom because it has to be used as raw in put in their
products. In the year 2009-10, members of this group prepared 4 q pickles, 5 q
nuggets, 4 q vermicelli, 2 q seera, 1 q Chutneys, 70 kg mango powder, 1 q triphala
• KVK developed capaci t y building of farm women on value addi tion
• Farm women formed as Self Help Groups and star ted entrepreneurship development
activi ties through value addi tion of frui ts and vegetables
• Created round the year on-farm employment among farm women
• Process of entrepreneurship had made farm women self reliant and helped them
build up self-confidence
• Each one of the member of SHG earned an addi tional income through out the year
through value added products
Salient Features
179
powder and 1 q amla candy. Group is procuring raw material at cheaper rates
during the peak season and available in abundance and preserving and using them
on demand basis. Simultaneously, 4 other SHGs established value addition of fruits
and vegetables units in the district in 2001-02 and at present about 70 groups are
associated with the value addition activity.
Dr Anand Singh
Programme Coordinator
Krishi Vigyan Kendra, CSKHPKV
Hamirpur at Bara, District Hamirpur-177044
Email: singhanandsi@yahoo.co.in
Ph: 01972-238130
Fax: 01972-238130
M: 09418124767
180
Value Addition Added Income
KVK Delhi, New Delhi
S
mt Krishna Yadav, a resident of Rewlala Khanpur village of south west Delhi,
was a caretaker of orchards of Ber and Karonda. During an interaction with
Subject Matter Specialist of KVK, she came to know about training
programmes conducted by the KVK. Being a caretaker of fruit orchards, she attended
a training programme on preservation of fruits and vegetables at KVK Delhi during
the year 2001-02.
After attaining the training, she prepared 100 kg karonda pickle and 5 kg
chilli pickle in 2001-2002, in which an investment of Rs 3000 was made including
the cost of raw materials from orchard at market price. Processed products were
sold for Rs 5250. This step encouraged her to start home scale processing of fruits
and vegetables including karonda. In 2003-2004, she produced 5kg of karonda
candy. This produce was new for the area. It fetched good price. Initiative brought
confidence on Smt Krishna. Presently she is processing around 500 q of pickles
with almost all vegetables and fruits locally available every year. As the scale of
production has increased, she is generating about 1500 man days of work/
• Smt Krishna Yadav, a caretaker of orchards of Ber and Karonda under went training
on post har vest processing of locally available frui ts and vegetables at KVK
• She became as successful entrepreneur by preparing a quanti t y of 500 q of
pickles from locally available frui ts and vegetables
• She gave employment oppor tuni ties to her neighbours
• She is now running her own retail shop of pickles
Salient Features
181
employment to her neighbours. Products prepared are being marketed successfully
in local market by the neighbours. Besides, she has a retail shop for sale of different
products prepared by her.
Shri Ram Kumar Yadav
Programme Coordinator
Krishi Vigyan Kendra, Nafed complex
Ujwa, New Delhi-110073
Email: rkyadavdelhi@rediffmail.com
kvkujwa@yahoo.com, kvk@nhrdf.com
Ph: 011-28015272
Fax:011-28524150
Ph: 011-28314203 (R), M: 09818087979
182
Farm Women Gained Income from Home Scale Processing
KVK Kancheepuram, Tamil Nadu
P
roblem of lower income in agriculture is due to lack of local value addition.
Much of the produce is sold as raw. Value addition is being made at cities
and reaching back to the village at a higher price. This can be avoided by
setting up value addition facilities at villages and marketing value added products
to cities at a higher price. Value addition as a rural enterprise has potential to
generate more local jobs, better income and services and reducing rural migration.
In this direction, KVK Kancheepuram is working with farm women in formation of
SHGs as well as technological backstopping for establishing home scale processing
units through various processes including technology standardization, awareness
creation, technical and enterprise training, initiating and nurturing income
generation activities.
As a result, a total of 25 home scale processing units were established by
farm women trained at KVK in the district. Out of which, 7 units on fruit products
such as Squash, Jam, 6 units on vegetable pickles, 3 units on milk products, 5
units on masala powder preparation and 4 units on cereal products.The units are
selling 60 % of their products to the value of Rs 500 – 1000 directly to consumers
by self and remaining 40% selling through hired stages that valued more than
Rs1000. Further, KVK helps these units by developing market linkages through
various stages like conducting and participating exhibitions/fairs, awareness
meetings, sale in the farmers mandies. KVK also providing marketing facilities as
arranging weekly bazaar within the premises of KVK. Further, NABARD came
forward to assist these units to start Rural Mart at Potheri near KVK.
• Farm women were trained on processing technologies
• Farm women established home scale processing uni ts on various aspects like
pickle, frui t products, milk products etc.
• Home scale processing uni ts on average producing products more than 40 kg per
month
• Around 60 % of their products are sold by themselves disrectly to the consumers
• Created self employment and gained bet ter income from home scale processing
of cereals, spices, frui ts and vegetables
Salient Features
183
Few of the women who run the home scale processing units are Smt M.
Kasthuri (09444761776) from Chengalpet, Smt Venkateshwari (09444323912)
from Guduvancherry, Smt Shanthi (09094579501) from Kalpakkam, Smt R. Shantha
(09884516019) from Potheri, Smt U. Gowri (09444781997) from Konathi in
the district . All farm women from these 25 units opined that there was an increased
appreciation from family members, friends and relatives, recognition from officials,
self satisfaction, freedom from financial insecurity fears and ability to take up new
enterprises.
Dr P. Kumaravel
Programme Coordinator
Krishi Vigyan Kendra, Kattupakkam
Kattangulathur P.O.
District Kancheepuram-603203
Email: kvkkpm@yahoo.co.in
kumaravel69@yahoo.com
Ph: 044-27452371, 044-26567229 (R)
M: 09840113681
184
Dehydrated Mushroom Adds to Income
KVK Malapuram, Kerala
K
erala’s hot humid climatic conditions aids in the cultivation of oyster mushroom
and milky mushroom with minimal investment in general and Malappuram
district in particular as availability of raw material for growing mushroom in
the district is fairly good. KVK Malapuram has introduced mushroom cultivation in
2005 through vocational training. Besides this a simple and feasible technology of
dehydrated mushrooms developed by Kerala Agricultural University was advocated
for extending the shelf life of mushrooms for more than six months. Production of
dehydrated mushrooms helped to reduce the weight to one tenth of its original weight
enabling ease in transportation. Besides this dehydrated mushroom has the capability
for rehydration and regaining its original weight and all other quality attributes in
terms of its organoleptic properties. Benefit Cost Ratio for the production of dehydrated
mushroom is 3.2.
Several mushroom units were established in the district by both individuals and
SHGs under the technical guidance of KVK. Use of perforated plastic containers as an
alternate for non degradable polybags wherein harvested 437 g of mushroom from
one bucket with BC Ratio of 2.2 which is high as compared to use of poly bags. A
total of 10 farmers started production of dehydrated mushrooms in Malappuram district
during 2006-07 followed by increased the number to 85 farmers during 2007-08,
285 farmers during 2008-09 and 322 farmers during 2009-10. A total of 966 kg of
mushroom produced by the farmers of Malapuram district during 2008-09 and it is
increased to 4084 kg during 2009-2010 with that farmers earned an additional income
of Rs1.15 lakh and Rs 4.90 lakh, respectively. Mushroom spawn production unit was
established at KVK Malappuram with a production capacity of 60 packets/ day. Currently
• Farmers gained skill on dehydrated mushroom production
• Added monthly income of families/ SHGs ranging from Rs 5000 to 15000
• Increased knowledge on nutri tional aspects of mushroom
• Group approach enhanced the abili t y for decision making and social involvement
• Opened avenue for employment generation for rural youth and unemployed women
• Technology is applicable for farmers even wi th small land holdings
Salient Features
185
a project of Rs 2.70 lakhs has been sanctioned by SHM for imparting training for
farmers in mushroom production, processing and spawn production.
Major mushroom production units in the district are Shri P.V. Dharman
(09995062119), Padannavalappil House, Muttanoor P.O, Smt Lathika P.V (0494-
2698652), Poochamkunnath House, Kaladi P.O, Smt Sharadha P.I (08086162219),
Illathuparambil House, Perumpadappu P.O, Shri Anwar C.P (09809154042),
Puthanathani P.O, Shri Shamsudeen P.K (09745127151), Kodakkad House, Vettom
P.O., Smt Sheeja C (0494-2631188), Chattikal House, Vettom P.O, Shri Shakir S.P
(09947277076), Palliyil House, Puthanathani P.O, Smt Prasanna T.P., Therattil House,
Shri P.K.M Abdulkhader, Chemlakath, Edavanna, Shri Kunjupennu, Pulliyur
Sreenandanam (0493-3284723), Vattaloor P.O, Kuruva Reshma Mushrooms
(09946492711), Kootilangadi and Aiswarya Mushrooms (09946069928), Nilambur.
Dr Habeeburrahman P.V.
Programme Coordinator
Krishi Vigyan Kendra, KCAET Campus
Tavanur P.O., District Malappuram-679573
Email: kvkmpm@rediffmail.com, kvkmalappuram@kau.in
habeebponani@rediffmail.com
Ph: 0494-2686329
Fax: 0494 -2687640
Ph: 0494 -2663513 (R), M: 09895703726
186
Tamarind Trees De-mortgaged
KVK Erode, Tamil Nadu
T
amarind trees at Bargur hills of north Erode district could provide a steady seasonal
income of Rs 2000- 3000/tree. Shelf life of tamarind is as long as 5 years and trees
live for 100 years. Moneylenders advanced loan of a few thousand rupees to tree
owners by mortgaging tamarind trees with only one condition that the entire amount
would have to be repaid in one lump sum and installments were not accepted. Since
more than 20 years, income from trees was enjoyed by money lenders because tree owners
did not have capacity to repay the loan in one lump sum. This situation led the tamarind
trees to remain in mortgaged with money lenders forever. In this situation, KVK Erode
played a crucial role in providing the structure, systems and linkages that enabled the
community to explore alternatives to strengthen their self-reliance and improve quality
of their lives.
KVK formed people’s institutions (Federations of SHGs called Sarva Shakti) in Bargur
hills and discussed the issue of the movement for freeing tamarind trees along with 47
other Sanghas in Bargur. It was realized that there is a need for financial support to SHGs
in order to release tamarind trees under mortgage. Accordingly, KVK has arranged working
capital assistance (as an interest free loan) to some SHGs with the assistance of NABARD’s
pilot project in 1992. NABARD seed money was used to give loans to SHG members to
redeem their tamarind trees in 1993. Except for bank loans accessed directly by individual
members, all loans to members came through the Sarva Shakti Federations, the apex
bodies of Sanghas organized by Myrada. Sanghas advanced loans to redeem members’
trees at a maximum of Rs10000 per member with an interest of 18 % per annum.
Over the years, Federation has accessed loans from local commercial banks, NABARD,
Sanghamitra Rural Bank and other financial sources. It has been a long journey since
• De-mor tgaged 455 tamarind trees of 30 SHGs groups in 19 villages in Bargur hills and gained
an income of Rs15.92 lakh
• De-mor tgaged 38 tamarind trees of Tribal SHG Padakal madappa of sholakanai village and
gained Rs1.71 lakh in 2005
• Established RURAL MART wi th the suppor t of NABARD in 2006
• SHGs accessed Rs 29 lakh under SGSY scheme wi th 50% subsidy component over the 17
years of KVK’s active guidance
• Now, not a single tree in Bargur hills is in the hands of money lenders and the people of Bargur
Salient Features
187
1993. The movement which was started with two groups viz., Basaveshwara Sangha in
Thattakarai and Veerbhadraswamy Sangha in Thamarakarai motivated and enabled 30
groups from 19 villages in Bargur hills to avail loans from Federation and provide financial
support to tamarind farmers and the process of redeeming tamarind trees from the hands
of money lenders was successfully carried out and totally 455 trees have been released
from mortgage. Many trees which were under bondage for more than 15-20 years were
freed by this approach which made farmer/SHG members to get relieved from the tiring
debts. The family who has de-mortgaged their tamarind trees is now earning an income
of Rs 4000-5000/tree/year by selling 200-250 kg processed tamarind. Further, seeds and
rind removed during processing are also sold which is utilized for paying the labours of
21 man days required for manual processing that costs Rs1350. Thus, a sour story
resulted in a sweet ending with the intervention of KVK.
Dr P. Alagesan
Programme Coordinator
Krishi Vigyan Kendra
Kalingiyam P.O. Taluq Gobichettipalayam
District Erode-638 453
Email: myradakvk@dataone.in, azhagujanani@yahoo.com
Ph: 04285-241626
Fax: 04285-241627
Ph: 04285-226563 (R), M: 09443897654
188
Kisan Cooker Cheers Farm Women
KVK Gadag, Karnataka
G
adag district is basically a drought prone area. Farm women have to walk
4-5 km as well as spend most of their leisure time for collecting firewood
due to scarcity. Because of using traditional vessels and traditional chulha,
farm families need high quantities of fire wood (10-15 kg) daily and on an average
farm women spend 4-5 hours for cooking in a day. Many research studies have
proved that cooking in traditional Chulha for 3 hours a day is equal to smoking of
20 cigarettes per day.
KVK Gadag refined Surakshita cooker developed by Rural Home Science College,
UAS, Dharwad in 2002-05 to suit farm women of Gadag district and named it as
Kisan Cooker. It has 18 gauze metal (thicker metal) that increases durability for
about 10 to 12 years,1000 -1200 gm capacity cooker bowl to suit medium size
farm family and round shape bottom edge to catch full fire of chulha as well to
enhance fuel efficiency and costs Rs 400/unit. It was introduced to farm women
through 20 demonstrations in 13 villages viz., Dundur, Kadadi, Basapur, Asundi,
Hulkoti, Kanavi, Hombal, Mallasamudra, Keralli, Harthi, Soratur, Chikkahandigol
and Kurthakoti of the district during 2005-06 to 2007-08 and trained 377 members
of women SHGs. Further, KVK supplied 129 Kisan Cookers, out of which 71 to
KVKs within the state viz., Mysore (10), Raichur (10), Dharwad (10), Koppal (10),
Gulbarga (6), Bellary (10), Bijapur (5), Bidar (10), and 5 to Rural Home Science
College, UAS Dharwad and 53 to KVKs in other states viz., Pondicherry (10),
Kasaragod (3), Thiruvannamalai (10) and Sholapur (30). Besides, 356 Kisan Cookers
• Kisan Cooker takes less time for cooking and requires only 0.5 kg firewood/day that
costs Rs 2 for cooking
• Kisan Cooker reduced drudger y of farm women while cooking
• Wi th Kisan Cooker 3 food i tems can be cooked at a time in one chulha
• No continuous at tention is required while cooking by Kisan Cooker
• Gives more taste and smell to cooked food through Kisan Cooker
Salient Features
189
were supplied to farm women belonging to Gadag, Sirsi, Kumata, Mangalore,
Raichur etc.
Kissan Cooker saves 2 hours of time, 3 kg of firewood and Rs 12/day which
amounted to saving of 2.56 lakh hours of time, 3.84 lakh kg firewood and Rs 5.38
lakh in a year from 356 Kisan Cookers supplied to farm women. This implies medium
size family can save 60 hours of time, 90 Kg of firewood and Rs 360 in a month.
Few of farm women using Kissan Cooker are Smt Vijayalaxmi Somaraddi from
Asundi village, Smt Jayashree Benni from Harti village, Smt Yellavva Basappa Kavalur
from Basapur village, Smt Veena Bailey from Hombal village, Smt Kusuma Bhandi
from Dundur village of Gadag district. Besides, drudgery in collecting firewood as
well as cooking and inhalation of smoke was reduced daily by 2 hours. This made
women to feel cheers in Kitchen.
Dr L.G. Hiregoudar
Programme Coordinator
Krishi Vigyan Kendra, Hulkoti
District Gadag-582 205
Email: kvkhulkoti@gmail.com
laxs1961@gmail.com, khpatil_kvk_hulkoti@yahoo.com
Ph: 08372-289606
Fax:08372-289474
Ph: 08372-289772 (R), M: 09448358772
192
Chawki Rearing Center–A Sustainable Enterprise
KVK Mysore, Karnataka
S
ericulture is part of the cultural heritage of Mysore district. Mysore silk is popular
world over and has a history of over 220 years. Mulberry, the host plant for
silkworms, is being cultivated on an area of 2,371ha in Mysore district contributing
to an average yield of 59kg cocoons/100 Disease Free Layings (DFL). Farmers generally
purchase worms of about 10 days (2
nd
Moult) from Chawki Rearing Centers (CRCs)
and rear them for the next 30 days to avoid pests and diseases at the very young,
vulnerable stage due to poor hygienic condition, especially when the rearing house is
part of the farmers’ dwelling house. Here, Chawki’ refers to the young silk worms
reared from hatching to 2
nd
moult stage. The quality of these chawki worms is the crux
of successful silkworm rearing. Despite the fact, there were hardly any CRCs operating
in Mysore district until 2006.
With this background, KVK Mysore introduced Chawki Rearing Centers in a project
mode in two districts viz., Mysore and Chamarajanagar in 2008. So far, three CRCs
have been initiated by the KVK, two in Mysore and one in Chamarajanagar district.
All the three CRCs have completed one year of successful operation. Two of the three
CRS are being run by farmers’ SHGs whereas the KVK is directly managing one CRC.
The three CRCs put together generated 2520 man days of employment. With this
kind of engagement in CRCs, each SHG member is earning between Rs 1000 to Rs
1500 per month, which works out to a total of Rs 126000 wages earned. It may be
noted here that this is an additional income for those involved in chawki rearing since
it is only a part-time work for the members that involves about 3 hours of work a day.
Further, it has an incremental contribution to silk industry through increased cocoon
yield is worth Rs 7800000. This apart, the CRC as a seri-enterprise has witnessed
innovations like black-boxing for uniform hatching, institutional innovations like
participatory chawki management by farmers’ SHGs and use of indigenous techniques
in temperature and humidity management.
Inspired by the success of the three CRCs, three more CRCs have already started
working, two in Mysore and one in Chamarajanagar district. What is heartening is
that the traditional dry land sericulture areas like Kuderu in Chamarajanagar, where
sericulture had almost disappeared due to poor monsoon and irrigation facilities, the
sericulture enterprise is re-emerging. The success of CRCs is owed to the firm conviction
of the host institution JSS Mahavidyapeetha, which believed that this is possible, and
hence supported the initiative taken up by both the JSS KVK and an additional effort
under the special SGSY project.
• CRCs provide heal thy 2
nd
moul t worms ensuring bet ter cocoon yield
• By hatching under controlled temperature, humidi t y and hygienic condi tions, the disease
incidence on silkworms is reduced significantly
• Addi tionally, through black-boxing technique, the CRCs ensure uniform hatching of eggs
• CRCs, in the process, save about 10 days of rearing time for farmers thus reducing their
overall production cost
• Created a lot of par t-time as well as full-time rural employment oppor tuni ties among low
income families
Salient Features
193
Dr Arun Balamatti
Programme Coordinator
Krishi Vigyan Kendra, Suttur, Nanjangud Taluq
District Mysore-571129
Email: jsskvk_1994@rediffmail.com
Ph: 08221-232218
Fax: 08221-232377
M: 09448832186
194
Self Employment by Raising Mango Nursery
KVK South Tripura, Tripura
A
gro-climatic condition and hill slope in South Tripura district is very much
congenial for successful growing of horticultural crops. Mango variety
Amrapali has been found most suitable variety under Tripura agro-climatic
condition. Amrapali is a dwarf variety and vigorous type with regular and late
bearing. It yields on an average 16 t/ha with 1600 plant population. Demand of
mango seedlings in the district is more than 1 lakh per year and production of
seedlings and grafted mango are not meeting the demand.
KVK of South Tripura trained rural youth for production of quality planting
materials. Among the trainees three school drop outs namely, Shri Priyabrata Datta
and Shri Uttam Deb Barma from Takmacherra village and Shri Manoranjan Deb
Barma from Manu village of Bokafa Block of South Tripura established mango
nurseries at their home gardens with an initial investment of Rs 5000 and now
they are earning a gross income of Rs 30000 to 90000 per year. As a result, about
45 youth farmers also motivated and established mango nurseries in the vicinity
of KVK. They are producing about 50000 – 100000 mango planting materials
every year in the district.
Most important fact is that the family members who used to go outside in
search of wages are now engaged in their own farm nursery. Nursery is on small
scale, but it has helped in creating an assured employment and raising social value
of the rural youth farmers and farm women in the community.
• Established mango nurser y uni ts by rural youth
• Nurser y uni ts meeting the demand of mango planting material in the district
• Mango nurseries created self employment among rual youth
• Socio-economic status of the farmers improved due to the establishment of mango
nurseries
Salient Features
195
Dr A. K. Singh
Programme Coordinator
Krishi Vigyan Kendra
Manpathar P.O., Birchandramanu, South Tripura-799144
Email: singh_ak30@rediffmail.com, icarkvk_stripuraa@rediffmail.com
kvksouthtripura@rediffmail.com
Ph: 03823-252523
Fax: 03823-252523
M: 09856033391
196
Nursery Raising Enhanced Farmers Income
KVK Jhunjhunu, Rajasthan
A
nnual income of small to medium land holders between Rs12000-15000/
ha was too little to provide bread and butter to their families. KVK
Jhunjhunu had organised a training on nursery raising for enhancing
additional income of desert farmers. One of the farmers, Shri Kripal Singh Dayal of
Dayalon ka bas in district Jhunjhunu established nursery unit under the technical
guidance of KVK. He planted Ganganagari rose on half bigha land and earned Rs
8000 per month. Merigold cultivated on one bigha land earned Rs 25000 during
cropping season. In seven bighas land he raised mother plants of ber, chiku, mango,
mausumi, orange, lemon, jamun, pomegranate and rose. In his high tech nursery
under net-shade he has grown number of different improved plants, vegetable
seedlings and variety of ornamnetal plants using mini sprinkler and drip system.
Department of horticulture, ornamental growers and farmers had purchased
plants from his nursery unit which generated a net income of Rs 5 lakh per annum
to him. Other farmers with small land holdings got inspired by him and started
cultivation of rose and merigold on their fields which raised the income of farmers
up to 1.5 lakh per annum. This enabled farmers to provide good education to their
• Cul tivation of rose and merigold improved the income of small land holding farmers
• Farmers could provide good education to their children from public schools
• Nurser y raising adopted by 15 farmers proved an income generating enterprise
• Cul tivation of okra af ter merigold minimized the at tack of nematode
• Area under vegetable cul tivation increased to 2 lakh ha in Jhunjhunu district
Salient Features
197
children from public schools situated in Jhunjhunu town in addition to livelihood
security under limited land holdings. Cultivation of okra after merigold minimized
the attack of nematode. Cultivation of seasonal vegetables by buying seedlings
from this nursery and other nurseries has increased up to 2 lakh hectare in
Jhunjhunu district which enhanced the income of vegetable growers.
Dr Suraj Mal Mehta
Programme Coordinator
Krishi Vigyan Kendra Abusar
P.N. No. 4, Jhunjhunu–333001
Ph: 0159-2233420
Fax: 0159-2233221
M: 09887817837
198
House Wife Become an Entrepreneur
DRWA - AICRP on Home Science, Odisha
S
mt Jyothi Mahipal, 45 years old Commerce Graduate and married women
belonged to Koppal District in North Karnataka, received training from AICRP
- H.Sc (F & N), UAS, Bengaluru on processing and value added products from
ragi (finger millet). As ragi is rich in calcium and good for health, she prepared ragi
malt with different flavours, delicious ragi peda using ragi malt powder, halwa,
popped ragi snack items, ragi dosa mix and ragi hurihittu with germinated methi
powder for diabetics with necessary information on nutrition labeling, packaging,
standardization of product and marketing avenues. She is following eco-friendly
packaging and providing employment opportunities for rural women. She is
marketing her products under a brand name VATHSALYA.
She participated in exhibition organized by the Government of India, food
technologists meet, international food product and bakery technology meet and
Krishi Mela at UAS, Bengaluru. She sold 150 kg of ragi malt and 50 kg of ragi
hurihittu and earned 25% profit in Krishi Mela organized by UAS, Bengaluru at
GKVK campus during the month of November, 2006. She received 3
rd
prize for
displaying her products as best stall named Ragi Mane in Krishi Mela, 2007 at
UAS, Bengaluru. The participation in these events has given her lot of marketing
potentiality, new avenues, and confidence to go ahead with new ventures. She
sold her products at local shops at the beginning. Later on products are sold at an
outlet in her residence located in Jayanagar, Bengaluru and also in other districts
of Karnataka such as Hubli-Dharwad, Koppal and Gadag. Besides, she had tie up
with other agencies like Desi, Total Mall, MK Ahmed Retails, Nilgiris and Sun
• Gained Knowledge and skill on processing and value addi tion of millets
• Prepared variet y of quali t y and nutri tious products from ragi
• Earned 40 % profi t by selling the products
• Established linkage wi th marketing and credi t agencies
• Created employment oppor tuni t y for rural women
• A house wife become as successful entrepreneur through value added products from ragi
Salient Features
199
Corporate, Bakers Hut . The profit through the sale of her products is around 40%
and her two products peda and chuda is a favorite item for many functions which
she prepares on request by the consumers. Presently on an average she is selling
200 kg ragi aralittu, 300 kg ragi malt, 150 kg hurihittu, 200 kg chuda, 300 kg
dosamix per month.
With her confidence, encouragement from family and technical guidance by
faculty of AICRP-H.Sc (F & N), UAS, Bengaluru, she has established micro-enterprise
on ragi products. Further, Khadi gramodhyog has come forward to finance her for
expanding the unit to process small millets like navane (Italian millet), same (Little
millet), haraka (Kodo millet) and baragu (Proso millet) as these have good market
potential in future. Smt Jyothi has trapped the potential of millets and moving a
head to become a successful entrepreneur to reach export market.
Dr K. Shanthakumari
Professor and Head
Directorate of Extension Building
Hebbal, Bengaluru-560024
Email:skumari2006@rediffmail.com
Ph: 080-23512817
Fax: 080-23512817
Ph: 080-23434933 (R), M: 09886759829
200
Traditional Phulkari Becomes a Rural Enterprise
KVK Patiala, Punjab
P
hulkari is embroidered shawl formerly worn by women of Punjab. It is cultural
heritage of Punjab. Phulkari trade was flourishing in Patiala but in an
unorganized manner and rural women were merely in status of workers. At
this juncture, KVK Patiala organized skill training, capacity building and extension
activities for rural women. Having developed confidence among women, they
established their own small scale enterprises under the technical guidance of KVK
faculty and avoided the exploitation of middle men.
KVK Patiala has been organizing training programmes on Phulkari since 1996.
KVK Patiala organized around 2 training programmes on different facets of Phulkari
per year benefiting an average of 41 rural girls and farm women. A total of 225
demonstrations were carried out by KVK benefiting 579 farm women and rural
girls over a period of fourteen years covering the aspects like block printing and
tracing, innovation in base material, traditional pattern and use of beads and
sequins. Further, KVK also organized Phulkari Mela on 13.8.2009 and provided a
platform for rural women where they could share their views for their upliftment.
KVK organized 5 mahila gosthis in different villages of Patiala district in last three
years. A total of 56 rural girls and farm women participated in these gosthis. KVK
promoted Phulkari as a vocation through different print and electronic media also.
• Entrepreneurs on Phulkari have become role models for fellow villagers
• Rural women and rural girls of the district are get ting addi tional income out of
Phulkari craf t enterprise
• Many trainees have star ted their own retail outlets for sale of their products
• Tradi tional Phulkari become as rural enterprise and created self employment among
rural women and girls
Salient Features
201
In the beginning, majority of trainees adopted it at domestic level. But, later
on when the worth of Phulkari craft in terms of profitability was proved, more
number of trainees started adopting it at commercial scale. Adoption of Phulkari
craft was almost 100 %. On an average the trainees were earning around Rs 50000
per annum if adopted at commercial scale. Even those trainees who adopted Phulkari
at domestic level earned Rs. 10000 - 15000 per annum which were being incurred
on purchase of Phulkari craft for own use.
Dr Gurjinder Pal Singh Sodhi
Programme Coordinator
Krishi Vigyan Kendra, Post Box No. 22
District Patiala-147001
Email: kvkpatiala@gmail.com
Ph: 0175-2225473
Fax: 0175-2225473
Ph: 0175-2373843 (R), M: 09417626843
202
Mushroom Promoted Farm Women Economically
DRWA Bhubaneswar, Odisha
D
irectorate of Research on Women in Agriculture (DRWA), Bhubaneswar
introduced mushroom cultivation in 2007 through training followed by
skill demonstrations. It has created an impact on Jai Sriram SGH, constituted
in 2006 with 12 members of rural women belonging to Salepur Block of Cuttack
District in Odisha. Group established oyster mushroom production unit with 30
beds by an initial investment of Rs 450 at Rs 15 per bed under the technical
guidance of DRWA. Unit yielded 50 kg mushroom. Out of which, members of
SHG used 30 kg for their home consumption and rest 20 kg sold @ Rs 40/kg in
village itself and earned Rs 800 with a net profit of Rs 350.
Members of SHG were exposed to a series of activities such as motivation for
group cohesiveness, focus group discussions, exposure to successful units, regular
advisory services and sharing of experiences of successful farmers organized by
DRWA. Having gained skill and experience on mushroom cultivation by each
member of SHG, enterprise has been branched into individual units with 10 - 30
beds. On an average, individual unit has produced 5 kg mushroom and earned an
income of Rs 200. There was no problem of marketing as village haat is nearby and
also no scope of preservation because of demand for raw mushroom as well no
surplus production.
• Enhanced the knowledge and skill of rural women on mushroom cul tivation
• Developed leadership and team spiri t among rural women
• Social stigma of treating mushroom as non-vegetarian i tem has been removed
• Established linkage wi th marketing and credi t agencies
• Rural women promoted economically by establishing mushroom uni ts
Salient Features
203
Smt Sabitri Rout, President of SHG has trained inspired rural women belonging
to neighbouring villages viz., Jaripada, Chapada, Safa kanpur, Kochila Nuagaon
and Rameswar. A total of 15 rural women trainees from Jaripada village has formed
as Sri Laxmi SHG and established a mushroom production unit in a large scale
with the financial assistance of Rs 2.5 lakh from Gramya Bank, Tangi. During Tribal
Fair of Odisha, Sri Laxmi SHG presented the details of unit in the presence of his
Excellency the Governor of Odisha.
Dr Sabita Mishra
Senior Scientist
DRWA, Bhubaneswar
Email: sabitamishra@rediiiffmail.com
Ph: 09337235147
Fax: 0674-2386242
Mushroom Production Opened a New Vista for Better Income
KVK East Sikkim, Sikkim
204
S
ikkim, being the distinctive hotspot of rich biodiversity has served as the
habitat of a wide variety of mushroom species (locally called Cheaoe), either
it is commonly cultivated oyster or naturally grown morsels. Traditionally it
is a popular food item of the tribal people. Mushroom production in Sikkim dates
back to the late 70’s, but lost its momentum due to dearth of knowledge about
the distinction between the poisonous and non-poisonous species, improved
production technology, availability of quality spawn, processing and marketing. In
fact, mushroom production has tremendous potential in Sikkim because of its
congenial climate (sub tropical to alpine) and availability of plenty of bio-waste
materials.
Initially the KVK has standardized the organic based low cost mushroom
production technology and popularised through various activities among the
farmers in the district during 2007- 2008. The technology was imparted through
skill based training and demonstration on scientific oyster mushroom cultivation
and management of spent mushroom beds for vermicomposting. The farm women
of Nari Jagaran self help group (SHG) of Rey Mindu village were established
mushroom production unit with 10 beds under technical guidance of faculty of
KVK during 2008-09. The critical input spawn of Hypsizygus ulumarius and
Pleurotus florida supplied by KVK to them. The unit produced 124.70 kg mushroom
with a net profit of Rs.598. Benefit cost ratio was observed to be 2.5:1 which
shows its high return efficiency. Being impressed with this result, the women SHG
received a financial assistance of Rs.10000 from the State Rural Development
• Standardized organic based low cost oyster mushroom production technology to sui t to
the condi tions of Sikkim
• Established oyster mushroom production uni ts wi th low ini tial expendi ture
• It possesses highest bioconversion abili t y i.e. more than 60%.
• It thrives well in the moderate range of temperature 20-30
0
C wi th 80-85% humidi t y
• Production was taken almost year round (10 months)
• Created self employment and addi tional income
Salient Features
205
Agency, Government of Sikkim and expanded the unit in a large scale with more
number of beds.
Smt. Shanti Lepcha (9775476307) , Smt. Kesang Lepcha (9775960622) from
Rey village, Smt. Bina Subba (09474356998) , Smt. Sharmistha (9733301921),
Shri. Sonam Bhutia, women of Ujjala SHG from Ranka village are some of the
successful mushroom growers of the East district of Sikkim. They are growing
mushroom successfully round the year except during extreme cold at household
level with minimum use of resources. Marketing of mushroom made easy as it is
the part of the food habit of the people. Commercial oyster mushroom cultivation
has become the talk of the day and the technology has been spread to the other
districts of Sikkim like North, West and South Sikkim.
Dr A. K. Mohanty
Programme Coordinator
Krishi Vigyan Kendra
ICAR Research Complex for NEH Region, Ranipool
District East Sikkim-737135
Email: dramulyakumar@gmail.com, akmohanty2004@yahoo.co.in
east sikkimkvkicar@yahoo.com
Ph: 03592- 251311
Fax: 03592- 251311
Ph: 03592-231274 (R), M: 09434750778
206
Milky Mushroom Empowered Rural Youth
KVK Villupuram, Tamil Nadu
K
VK Villupuram introduced milky mushroom cultivation among 1200
unemployed rural youth in 2009. They formed as eight registered associations
viz., Arokya Milky Mushroom Growers Association (AMMGA-E),
Eruddayanpattu, Marutham Milky Mushroom Growers Association (MMMGA),
Erukalankuritchi, Bismi Milky Mushroom Growers Association (BMMGA),
Tindivanam, Hitech Milky Mushroom Growers Association (HTMMGA), Navammal
Kapper, Mazhaithuli Milky Mushroom Growers Association (MMMGA), Valavanoor,
Annai Milky Mushroom Growers Association (AMMGA), Molassur, Pasun Thalir
Milky Mushroom Growers Association (PTMMGA), Kattuchiviri, Arokiya Milky
Mushroom Growers Association (AMMGA-C), Chinnakallipattu. KVK conducted
55 repeated and intensive training courses on commercial production of milky
mushroom and its spawn for the members of these eight Associations and also
sensitized them for bank loans and market avenues.
Production of milky mushroom by these Associations ranged from 95 Kg to
1200Kg/annum. They sold mushrooms to the consumers through direct sales at
farmers market and through door delivery to apartments and quarters @ Rs100/
kg. BMMGA produced value added products from mushrooms such as mushroom
soup, mushroom samosa, mushroom chappathi, chilli mushroom and mushroom
manchurian. But, PTMMGA produced only mushroom soup. On an average 600
soup packets were produced per month by BMMGA and earned an income of Rs
435000 where as PTMMGA earned an income of Rs 23000. Eight Associations
• Identified willing unemployed rural youth and mde them to form as registered associations.
• Ex tended technical guidance and suppor t to the members of eight associations through
the funds from the Ministr y of Science and Technology, DBT, Government of India,
New Delhi
• Annual gross income earned Associations ranged from Rs 9500 to 555000
• Developed entrepreneurship among unemployed rural youth and farmers
Salient Features
207
viz., MMMGA, BMMGA, HTMMGA, AMMGA-E, MMMGA-V, AMMGA, PTMMGA
and AMMGA-C earned a gross income of Rs124600, Rs 555000, Rs 302500, Rs
94060, Rs 83400, Rs 52300, Rs 62000 and Rs 9500 per year, respectively. To be
as a self sustainable milky mushroom production unit, these Associations have
produced 35 to 150 culture tubes and spawn on their own. Further, mother spawn
was also produced by all of them using sorghum as raw material. Bed spawn
production by these associations ranged from 475 to 4000 numbers. HMMGA
produced 42 t of vermicompost during 2
nd
year as a product of value addition of
mushroom spent waste, which remains as residue after mushroom cultivation.
Milky mushroom cultivation further spread among 1875 rural youth belonging to
Chennai, Villupuram, Cuddalore, Trichy, Perambalur and Ariyalur districts of Tamil
Nadu through organization of skill training courses by these eight Associations.
Dr N. Sathiah
Programme Coordinator
Krishi Vigyan Kendra, Tindivanam
District Villupuram-604001
Email: arstvm@tnau.ac.in
kvktvm@yahoo.co.in, nsathiah@gmail.com
Ph: 04147-250001/250002
Fax: 04147-250001
M: 09994966060
208
Tribal Women Sustained Livelihood through Mushroom
KVK Hazaribag, Jharkhand
H
azaribag district is congenial for mushroom production throughout the
year except the months of May and June. Mushroom is preferred by all the
community of the district. KVK Hazaribag introduced mushroom cultivation
as an enterprise for sustainable livelihood option for tribal women by motivation,
persuasion, interaction and arousing interest in them through their visit to
mushroom production unit of the KVK. Initially 28 tribal women from four different
villages were imparted training on mushroom production for three days at KVK. In
place of certificate the women were provided with 20 medium size bags of spawn
to start production in their houses with locally available materials. Entire process
from unit establishment to harvesting of mushroom was supervised by KVK.
Women produced 224 kg mushroom and sold in the local market @ Rs 35 per kg.
Success of women prompted 1026 tribal women to under go training on
mushroom cultivation at KVK. Within five years, KVK has arranged 4730 kg
spawn to the ex-trainees as well as other farmers who adopted mushroom
cultivation in their back home situation. Mushroom cultivation has provided
alternate income and self employment to tribal women of Hazaribag. Mushroom
cultivation has been spread to aspiring farmers of both men and women from
• Mushroom is a preferred food i tem in Jharkhand
• Mushroom production is a low cost technology
• Women can produce mushroom at household level wi th locally available resources
• It has the potentiali t y to of fer addi tional income and employment to tribal women
of Jharkhand
• KVK as a facili tator can boost up the women to produce more and more mushroom
Salient Features
209
other districts of Jharkhand, Bihar and West Bengal and they are regularly
approaching KVK for technical guidance. Development department of Hazaribag
has provided mushroom shed to all the women who had undergone training at
KVK. Endeavour of KVK proved very effective in providing sustainable livelihood
to the tribal women of Hazaribag.
Sister Joseline
Programme Coordinator
Krishi Vigyan Kendra, Holycross
(Directress & I/C), Near Kanari Hill, District Hazaribag-825301
Email: josiline@dte.vsnl.net.in, josiline@hotmail.com
reh_hckvkhaz@sancharnet.in
Ph: 06546-263083
Fax: 06546-263083/223304
M: 09430784848
210
Mushroom Production at High Altitude Areas
KVK Phek, Nagaland
P
hek district is rich in natural flora and fauna. Climate suits well to oyster
mushroom production as it grows well at moderate temperature ranging
between 22 to 25°C with 55 to 70% humidity. It can be grown round the
year, except during extreme cold months, at household level with minimum inputs.
Marketing of the produce is also not a problem as mushrooms are part of the food
habit of tribal people.
Considering all these facts, KVK Phek disseminated cultivation of oyster
mushroom among farmers of the district. KVK trained 70 farmers from five different
villages during 2007-08. Six trainees from Pfutsero village, 3 from Porba, 2 from
Pfutseromi, and 2 from Sakaraba village have established mushroom production
units. Mushroom produced by the villagers other than Pfutsero and Pfutseromi
villages was primarily consumed by boiling with other vegetables and meat (70%)
or frying (10%). In some cases they dried the mushroom and preserved (20%).
However producers of Pfutsero and Pfutseromi villages could sell about 70% of
surplus produce.
Shri Lhiwepre Ritse (09436010213) of Pfutseromi village, who received training
in the first batch, could earn Rs 4500 for a batch of thirty bags having 2.5 kg
• Climate of Phek region sui ts well for oyster mushroom production
• Introduced mushroom cul tivation and farmers came for ward to establish mushroom
production uni ts
• Shri Lhiwepre Ri tse could earn Rs 4500 for a batch of thir t y bags on an expense
of only Rs 1805.
• Overall production was recorded 812 kg in 2008-09 that has increased to 1060 kg
in 2009-10
• Now mushroom cul tivation is being spread to other villages
Salient Features
211
paddy straw as substrate on an expense of only Rs1805. Overall production from
adopted villages recorded 812 kg in 2008-09. It has increased to 1060 kg in 2009-
10. After seeing the success of these units, farmers from Gidemi, Kikruma and
Zellome villages were encouraged to establish mushroom production units.
Dr Raj Karan Singh
Programme Coordinator
Krishi Vigyan Kendra, NRCM Phek
Pfutsero P.O., District Phek -797107
Email: rksingh3@gmail.com
kvkphek@gmail.com
Ph: 03865-281436
Fax: 03865-281436
M: 09436606353
212
Rural Youth Self Employed through Apiculture
KVK Baran, Rajasthan
U
nemployed youth of Baran district were highly frustrated and proved burden
on the parents having meager earning from traditional farming. Some of
the youth migrated to cities for getting job but high living cost and job
availability forced them to return back to their villages. Parents contacted KVK,
Baran for guiding their children in new income earning activities related to
agriculture. Then KVK conducted a pre-survey to judge the education and
knowledge level of rural youth on which basis a training programme on apiculture
technique was developed with an aim to provide employment opportunities for
their livelihood security in rural area of Baran district.
KVK organised a 30 days training for unemployed youths on apiculture during
December, 2008 and upgraded their knowledge from time to time through
scientists- farmers interface. Nine youth started an enterprise on apiculture. Initially
100 boxes were arranged to them under the National Horticulture Mission scheme
on 50% subsidy in 2009. Later 50 more boxes were added. Based on flowering
cycle of crops like mustard, corriender, sufeda, litchi, bajra, cotton and sunflower,
they have shifted/migrated the bee hives from Baran district to villages of Punjab
and Haryana. Gross income from apiculture unit was Rs.13.1 lakh and they got a
net profit of Rs 7.5 lakh by the end of April 2010. Each unemployed youth earned
around Rs 83000 within a year. Unemployed youth of other villages of Baran
• KVK introduced apicul ture as an enterprise among rural youth
• Nine members rural youth adopted apicul ture as an entrerprise and established
150 boxes apiar y wi th the asistance of NHM and technical guidance of KVK
• Each member of group earning Rs 83000 per year
• Crop growers of Punjab, Harayana and Baran district were benefi ted by bee cross
pollination.
• Provided quali t y honey to various firms including Khadi and Village Industries
• Youth migration from villages to ci ties hal ted
Salient Features
213
district got motivated and obtained training on apiculture from this group of
entrepreneurs under the supervision of KVK Baran. They have submitted
applications to NHM for establishing their own apiary units. This venture has not
only enhanced the income of rural youth but also established them as a inspiring
educated rural youth in apiculture enterprise.
Dr Indra Narain Gupta
Programme Coordinator
Krishi Vigyan Kendra, Station Road
District Baran-325502
Email: kvkanta@rediffmail.com
Ph: 07457-244862
Fax: 07457-244862
Ph: 07453-231457 (R), M: 09414662220
214
Bee Keeping made Farmer as Entrepreneur
KVK South Sikkim, Sikkim
H
oney bees are one of the most well known, popular and economically
beneficial insects. For thousands of years, man has plundered colonies to
get honey. Now honey bees are kept in artificial bee hives throughout the
world. Many people make it a living from bees, most keepers are hobbyist who
have only few hives and who simply enjoys working with these busy and fascinating
insect.
In March 2007, when officials of KVK of South Sikkim surveyed all the villages
surrounding Namthang area to see the farming system adopted by the farmers,
before starting the functioning of the Kendra and visited the farm of Shri Bal
Bahadur and learnt that farmers of Namthang area are interested in Apiculture,
incase proper training and guidance are provided to them. KVK conducted a
workshop to find out the prospect and constrains of bee keeping in Namthang
area. Sixty farmers attended training. Later in the same month KVK conducted
four days training on bee keeping with the support of resource person from State
Institute of Rural Development (SIRD) at its campus. After the training Shri Bal
Bahadur was in constant touch with KVK and established bee colonies in 2007
and sold first harvest of honey worth of Rs 6000. In the second year, he expanded
his colonies with eight boxes at subsidized rate from Horticulture Department. By
the end of 2008, he sold Rs 12000 worth of honey and Rs 20000 worth of colonies
to Science and Technology Department through KVK. In the third Year up to June
• Shif ted bee colonies from wooden log to scientific bee boxes
• Rapid mul tiplication of colonies through scientific method
• Gained good market
• Increased crop yield and improved quali t y of produce due to cross pollination by honey
bees near by fields
• Farmer became an entrepreneur through bee keeping
Salient Features
215
2009 he has sold honey worth Rs17000 and has kept colonies worth Rs 100000
ready for sale to Science and Technology Department.
Recently, Shri Dawcho Lepcha, Hon’ble minister for Food Security and
Agriculture Development, Horticulture and Cash Crop Development and Irrigation
and Flood Control Department, along with the other senior officers of both
Agriculture and Horticulture visited his bee colonies. Hon’ble Minister was
impressed with his work and gave him cash prize. For Bal Bahadur it is an additional
income without any land requirement and time except for proper vigilance at times
for pest. KVK South Sikkim envisages to make Namthang a honey belt from a dry
belt of South Sikkim.
Mrs Sherab. L. Dorjee
Programme Coordinator
Krishi Vigyan Kendra, South Sikkim
Namthang, District South Sikkim-737137
Email: kvknamthang@gmail.com
Ph: 03592-241398
Fax: 03592-241398
M: 09434382519
216
A Tribal Farmer Becomes a Successful Bee-Keeper
KVK Ranchi, Jharkhand
S
hri Taleswar Mahato, a tribal farmer from 16 member family of Kharkhutoli
village, Ranchi used to work hard in his 3.2 ha land to feed the family members.
As mostly of his land was rainfed upland in nature, other members of the
family had to work as agriculture laboures in others field for sustenance of the
family as the productivity was very low.
Shri Mahato enrolled his name for training on bee-keeping offered by KVK for
duration of one month. With utmost sincerity and dedication Shri Mahato
successfully completed the training and he started bee-keeping with two Italian
bee boxes under the guidance of KVK faculty. This was the beginning of the end of
his plight. At the end of the same year he multiplied the bee-colony from 2 to 4
with production of 140 kg honey that fetched him Rs 9800.
Then he started increasing the number of colony as well as selling out old
colonies to earn dual income from colony and honey. In the next four years total
income earned was Rs 290700 by selling 34 bee-colonies @ Rs100 and 1710 kg
honey @ Rs170 per kg. He invested his earning for better return from agriculture
• Honey has considerable market demand
• Bee-keeping is becoming popular among youths
• Proper guidance can make this enterprise a lucrative one
• Return from apiar y is almost cer tain
• Bee-keeping can be taken up throughout the year
Salient Features
217
like digging two dug wells for irrigation, application of bio and organic fertilizer,
improved seeds of vegetable, cereals, pulses and oilseeds. Diversified income from
bee-keeping and agriculture has helped Shri Mahato to improve the socio-economic
status of his family in that area.
Shri Ashok Kumar Jasu
Programme Coordinator
Divvayan Krishi Vigyan Kendra
Morabadi P.O., District Ranchi-834008
Email: rch_divyayan@sancharnet.in
Ph: 0651-2551008/2551970
Fax: 0651-2552427
M: 09431528998
218
Bee Keeping – As Subsidiary Enterprise
KVK Mohindergarh, Haryana
E
conomic status of farming community in Mohindergarh district of Haryana is
relatively poor due to the small land holdings of the farmers. Declining water
resources have further restricted the options of the farmers for adopting
diversified irrigated cropping systems. Under these circumstances, farmers of this
area have no other option but to adopt subsidiary occupations. On exploring
various possibilities in year 2003, bee keeping seemed to be a good option because
mustard is the major rabi crop of the region.
Then KVK Mohindergarh introduced scientific bee keeping in the district through
organizing vocational training courses. A total of 528 farmers have been motivated
towards setting up of bee keeping units in the year 2004 and subsequent years.
At present, 105 beekeeping units have been established by the trainees of KVK in
22 villages. One of the problems faced in running the bee keeping units was to
make arrangement of flora in dearth period (June-Sept) and it was overcome by
migrating the bee colonies on hilly areas of Haryana, Punjab and Himachal Pradesh
during this season. For easier management farmers were advised to form clubs.
Farmers started migration of bee colonies which facilitated the adoption further. In
• Bee keeping does not compete wi th other agricul tural enterprises for resources
• Heavy ini tial investments not required.
• Recurring expendi ture also is negligible
• Requires simple equipments and thus provides rural employment for their fabrication
• Migration of bee colonies during dear th period is the key for success
• Pollination by bees improves the quali t y and quanti t y of the crop produces
Salient Features
219
the year 2009, 3060 q honey was produced from 7650 bee colonies. Large scale
adoption of bee keeping was the result of proper follow up of trainees in the field
by KVK.
Dr Sube Singh Yadav
Programme Coordinator
Krishi Vigyan Kendra
Mohindergarh-123029
Email: sckvkmgarh@gmail.com
Ph: 01285-220293
M: 09416237404

2010

Division of Agricultural Extension
Indian Council of Agricultural Research New Delhi 110 012

www.icar.org.in

izfrHkk nsohflag ikfVy
PRATIBHA DEVISINGH PATIL

jk"Vªifr Hkkjr x.kra=k
PRESIDENT REPUBLIC OF INDIA

Message
I am happy to learn that the Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR) is organizing a National Conference on Krishi Vigyan Kendras (KVKs) 2010 on December 22, 2010 at Udaipur and bringing out a document on "Agritech Interventions-Harbingers of Prosperity-2010". Agriculture plays a significant role in addressing poverty, hunger, malnutrition and livelihood security of millions of people in India. Since independence, the country has made significant strides in agriculture, to meet the growing demands of our growing population. The ICAR as an apex body that caters to the needs of Agricultural Research, Education and Extension in the country undertakes action as well as policy based empirical research in the field of agricultural sciences. It also promotes ecologically sustainable agriculture and has established a wide network of Krishi Vigyan Kendras (KVKs), under the umbrella of ICAR Institut es. On this occasion, I extend my warm greetings and felicitations to the organizers and the participants and all those associated with the Council and wish the Conference every success.

New Delhi December 14, 2010

(PRATIBHA DEVISINGH PATIL)

.

declining farm resources. I am sure this publication would be useful for the scientists. In order to overcome this problem. the ICAR is disseminating various agricultral technologies through its large network of Krishi Vigayan Kendras (KVKs) across the country. the country could achieve higher production especially in food grains due to hard working Indian farmers as well as the strenuous efforts of National Agricultural Research System and the concerned Public and Private agencies.noticed by the farming community due to lack of awareness. policy makers and also for Indian farming community especially for upscaling of these successful technological interventions. I congratulate the ICAR for taking all efforts to document this valuable information New Delhi December 9. I am happy to note that the ICAR has identified and compiled various success stories as well as case studies of KVKs for the benefit of other farmers in the country.k ea=kh Hkkjr ljdkj MINISTER OF AGRICULTURE & CONSUMER AFFAIRS FOOD & PUBLIC DISTRIBUTION GOVERNMENT OF INDIA Message Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR) plays a major role to ensure the country's food security and farmer's prosperity. Many scientific technologies go un. The publication entitled ‘Agritech Interventions– Harbingers of Prosperity 2010’ has several useful and easily adoptable technologies through which agricultural production can be sustained. In spite of varying climatic conditions. extension personnel. 2010 (SHARAD PAWAR) .'kjn iokj SHARAD PAWAR Ñf"k] miHkksDrk ekeys [kk| vkSj lkoZtfud forj.

.

izks- ds-oh- FkkWel
PROF. K.V. THOMAS

Ñf"k] miHkksDrk ekeys [kk| vkSj lkoZtfud forj.k jkT; ea=kh] Hkkjr ljdkj ubZ fnYyh
MINISTER OF STATE FOR AGRICULTURE CONSUMER AFFAIRS, FOOD & PUBLIC DISTRIBUTION GOVERNMENT OF INDIA NEW DELHI

Message
Sustainable growth in agriculture and its allied sectors is a major challenge for global and Indian agriculture. Technologies emerging out of reserach and their dissemination to the farmers with the help of Development Departments and Infrastructural Institutions would continue to be the major strategy for increasing agricultural production in the country. Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR) is the fulcrum of research activities in agriculture and its allied sectors. As an integral part of ICAR, Krishi Vigyan Kendras (KVKs) function as knowledge and Resource Centres of farm technologies. There are 589 KVKs in the country which play a major role in fostering the growth of agriculture through technological backstopping. In order to upscale some of the successful technologies emerged through the interventions of KVKs, the Division of Agricultural Extension of ICAR has brought out a publication entitled ‘Agritech Interventions – Harbingers of Prosperity 2010’. The publication contains details of successful technologies made by the KVKs under varied agro- climatic conditions that can be replicated where similar conditions exists. I am sure that this publication would be of immense use to Indian farmers, researchers, planners and policy makers. I congratulate ICAR and all the contributors who are responsible for bringing out such valuable and useful publication. New Delhi December 9, 2010 (PROF. K.V. THOMAS)

Mk- ,l- vÕ;Iiu
lfpo ,oa egkfuns'kd
DR S. AYYAPPAN
SECRETARY AND DIRECTOR GENERAL

Hkkjr ljdkj Ñf"k vuqla/ku vkSj f'k{kk foHkkx ,oa Hkkjrh; Ñf"k vuqla/ku ifj"kn~ Ñf"k ea=kky;] Ñf"k Hkou] ubZ fnYyh
GOVERNMENT OF INDIA DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH & EDUCATION AND INDIAN COUNCIL OF AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH MINISTRY OF AGRICULTURE, KRISHI BHAWAN NEW DELHI

Foreword

Research and Development efforts since sixties have brought the agricultural production to a level of self sufficiency in the country. However, Indian agriculture exhibits a fluctuating trend in recent past mainly due to the changing trends of monsoon. The country's total food grain production was 234.47 million tonnes during 2008-09 which has slipped to 218.19 million tonnes during 2009-10 due to drought like situations in the country. In view of this, Indian agricultre has multi-faceted challenges in the form of declining productivity of land, labour and water. In spite of declining resoures, technologies continue to play a mjaor role in achieving sustainable production in agriculture and allied sectors. Therefore the National Agricultural Resarch System has to focus on Farmer's First- to provide them Profit and Prestige through Partnership. The wide network of KVKs of ICAR across the country aims at the assessment, refinement and demonistration of location specific technology modules in agriculture and its allied enterprises. The technologicfal modules demonstated by the KVKs would focus on the agriculture prosperity at district in particular and meeting the future demand of farm products both at state and national level. At the right time, the Division of Agriculttrual Extension of ICAR has brought out a publication entitled ‘Agritech Interventions – Harbingers of Prosperity 2010’ which contains the impact of inspiring interventions in agriculture and its allied sectors. I am sure that this publication would be useful to Indian farmers and all the concerned in the National Agricultrual Reserach System and other Development Departments and Infrastructural Institutions. I cogratulate Division of Agricultural Extension for thier effors in bringing out this document. New Delhi December 6, 2010 (S. AYYAPPAN)

New Delhi December 5. In this context. the Director of DRWA. In view of this. the Indian Council of Agricultral Research (ICAR) is playing a pivotal role in the generation of need based agricultral technologies and improving the quality of agricultural education as well as extension towards knowledge based advancements in agriculture and allied sectors. all Programme Coordinators of respective KVKs and my colleagues at the Division for bringing out this publication.Mk.dksdkVs mi egkfuns'kd (Ñf"k foLrkj) DR K. I am sure that this publication could certainly serve as reference to policy makers. Our responsibilities have increased manifold due to alarming climate change. the ICAR has created a network of Krishi Vigyan Kendras across the country for assessment. NEW DELHI Preface Technology is the base for increasing agricultural productivity and production.D. scarcity of irrigation water.fd-n. KOKATE DEPUTY DIRECTOR GENERAL (Agricultural Extension) Hkkjrh. As a testimony. Besides. efforts have been made to identify successful interventions of KVKs which are motivating and encouraging other farmers across the country. complexity of farming systems and global food crisis. 2010 (K. the KVKs at district level are providing effective technological backstopping and advisory through need based interventions. I appreciate the efforts made by all Zonal Project Directors. These experiences are documented in the form of present publication entitled ‘Agritech Interventions – Harbingers of Prosperity 2010’. Ñf"k vuqla/ku ifj"kn~ Ñf"k vuqla/ku Hkou I] iwlk] ubZ fnYyh INDIAN COUNCIL OF AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH KRISHI ANUSANDHAN BHAWAN I PUSA. researches. refinement and demonstration of technology at micro situation. extension personnel.D. KOKATE) . farmers and agri-preneurs. This publication includes 101 inspiring technological interventions that can be emulated by other farmers where similar micro-agro-ecosystems exist. In this direction.

New Delhi Dr. Zone-II. Scientist (Agril. Ludhiana Dr. Ludhiana Dr A.) Suman Aggarwal. Kolkata Dr.D. Zonal Project Director. Zone-V. Singh. Senior Scientist (LPM). Senior Scientist (Agril. New Delhi Dr A.). Singh. Adhiguru. Indian Council of Agricultural Research. Zone-III. Bhubaneswar Dr. Principal Scientist (Agril.). Sudhakar. Zone-I. P. Mehta. Zonal Project Director. Zonal Project Director. A-89/1.Extn. Extn.Extn. Chahal. Jabalpur Dr. ‘Agritech Interventions-Harbingers of Prosperity-2010’ portrays the 101 Success Stories of farmers who have adopted and taken advantage of the technologies provided by KVKs across the Country.V. Zone-VII. Kanpur Dr N.P.). Zonal Project Director. (Mrs.K.K. P. Extn. Deputy Director General (Agril.Economics). New Delhi Dr T. Zonal Project Director. Barapani Dr A. Barapani Dr. © 2010. Zone-IV. ICAR. Senior Scientist (Agril. DRWA. C.).Editorial Board Chief Editor Editors : : Dr K.New Delhi Dr A.K. (Mrs. Their contributions are duly acknowledged.). Keshava. Jabalpur Dr. Zone-IV. Jodhpur Dr U.Extn. Prabhu Kumar. Director. Narula. Naraina Industrial Area. Bengaluru Dr V.T. V. Lakhan Singh. Rayudu. Bengaluru Dr S. Zonal Project Director. A. Zone-VIII. Bharti Punit Bhasin Members : Project Director Chief Production Officer Technical Officer (Production) : : : The document entitled. Senior Scientist (Agril. Zone-VII. Singha.Extn.Extn. Zone-V. Zone-VIII. Jodhpur Dr. New Delhi Dr B. New Delhi Printed at M/s Royal Offset Printers. Zone-III. Principal Scientist (Agril. Senior Scientist (Agril. Zone-I. Bhubaneswar Dr.V. Venkatasubramanian.K. Zone-II. Senior Scientist (Agril. Rohilla. Zonal Project Director. Zone-VI.Extn. Kanpur Dr.Economics). Zone-VI. Dattatray. Senior Scientist (Agril. Assistant Director General (Agril. Singh. Trivedi V. Gogoi.). New Delhi 110 028 .K. Bengaluru Dr. ICAR.).Extn.). Sairam. Prem Chand. Kolkata Dr A. Principal Scientist (Agril. Extn. DRWA.).). Principal Scientist. ICAR. Assistant Director General (Agril. Zone-VIII. Zonal Project Director.). Gautam.P. R. Hyderabad Dr.K. Kokate.) Krishna Srinath. Pal.P.Extn.P. K. ICAR. Phase I.S.M. Hyderabad Dr Y.ICAR.

Cotton Seeds Brought Smile among Farmers Frenchbean Fetched Higher Profits Bengalgram Productivity Boosted with Variety JG-11 Tissue Culture Banana Plantation–A Boon Perseverance Paid Farmer Fodder Raising make Dairy Farmers Rich Rainfed Farmers Gained through Annual Moringa Unproductive Date Palm Paid Dividend CROP PRODUCTION Group Farming Revived Rice Cultivation SRI Brings a New Horizone In Rice Cultivation SRI Doubled Rice Productivity Remunerative Rice Cultivation through SRI SRI Stimulated Rice Farmers ICM Practices Revived Rice Cultivation Transplanted Redgram Gave Bonus Crop Diversification with Groundnut Gained Success Pea Farmers Flourished 1 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20 22 24 26 28 30 34 36 38 40 42 44 46 48 50 CONTENTS .Messages Foreword Preface INTRODUCTION CROP IMPROVEMENT Timely Seed Supply Enhanced Farmers Income Early Autumn Rice Cheers Farmers Red Kernel Rice–Revati Succeeded Ragi Rewarded Farmers Maize Cultivation Changed Tribals Livelihood Groundnut Occupied River Bank Fallow Lands Pure Bt.

Soybean Replaced Drilled Paddy Profit Oriented Rice-Wheat Sequence Biogas Slurry Doubled Rice Productivity Impact of Frenchbean Intercropping with Sugarcane Precision Farming Pride for Farmers Relay Cropping pleased Vegetable Growers Production Practices promoted Tomato Productivity Potato Productivity Enhanced by Contract Farming Crop Diversification Uphold Livelihood Security Tensiometer Saved Irrigation Water Regulated Irrigation Boosted Toria Yield Management Enhanced Productivity of Orange Orchards Rejuvenated Khasi Mandarin Orchards by Production Technologies Tuberose Women Empowered Sustainable Organic Farming through Vermicomposting Leaf Colour Chart Minimised Over Dose of Nitrogen INM Balanced Fertilizer Use Farmers Elevated Recycling Redgram Stalks Lac Cultivation – A Boon for Tribes CROP PROTECTION Effective Management of Mealy Bug in Cotton Velda Become an Ideal IPM Village Brinjal Farmers Benefited Through Water Trap Ginger Cultivation Revived Trichoderma made Tribes Sustain FARM MECHANISATION Zero Tillage Benefitted Multiple Ways Zero Tillage – Boon for Rice-Wheat System Zero Tillage Immensely adopted by Wheat Growers 52 54 56 58 60 62 64 66 68 70 72 74 76 78 80 82 84 86 88 92 94 96 98 100 104 106 108 .

Resource Conservation Interventions in Rice-Wheat System Zero Tillage Assured Rabi Maize Production Micro Irrigation and Protected Cultivation – A Way to Increase Farm Income Rice Residues Managed through Happy Seeder Farm Women Friendly Weeder Aonla Orchards Saved Using Solar Energy Laser Land Leveler Enhanced Water Use Efficiency INTEGRATED FARMING SYSTEM Nutritional Security through Integrated Nutrition Garden IFS Reimbursed in Multiple Ways IFS for Profitable Agriculture Retired Army Man Turned in to a IFS Farmer Sustained Agricultural Productivity Under Rainfed Condition Multi Layer Horti Based Cropping System for Sustainable Livihood among Tribals LIVESTOCK AND FISHERIES MANANGEMENT Vanaraja Introduced in Back Yards Tribes Sustained through Broiler Birds Layer Faming Potential Enterprise in Assam Backyard Poultry Farming Leads to Poverty Alleviation Vaccination against Newcastle Disease Saved Back Yard Poultry No Cost Technology for Quail Brooding Piggery as Subsidiary Occupation Sweet Potato as Feed for Crossbred Pigs Rabbit Farming Provided Dual Benefits Fish Farming Flourishied in Farm Ponds Farm Women as an Innovative Fish Producer Panchayati Pond as Source of Income Remunerative Composite Fish Farming Fish-Cum-Duck Integrated Farming Enriches Rural Women Deshi Ducks Improved through Cross Breeding 110 112 114 116 118 120 122 126 128 130 132 134 136 140 142 144 146 148 150 152 154 156 158 160 162 164 166 168 .

PHT AND VALUE ADDITION Agro Processing Made Farm Women Self-Sustenance Chronicles of Hard Work Value Addition Generated Women Self Employment Income Generation through Value Addition Value Addition Added Income Farm Women Gained Income from Home Scale Processing Dehydrated Mushroom Adds to Income Tamarind Tree De-Mortgaged Kisan Cooker Cheers Farm Women ENTREPRENEURSHIP DEVELOPMENT Chawki Rearing Center.A Sustainable Enterprise Self Employment by Raising Mango Nursery Nursery Raising Enhanced Farmers Income House Wife Become an Entrepreneur Traditional Phulkari becomes a Rural Enterprise Mushroom Promoted Farm Women Economically Mushroom Production Opened a New Vista for Better Income Milky Mushroom Empowered Rural Youth Tribal Women Sustained Livelihood through Mushroom Mushroom Production at High Altitude Areas Rural Youth Self Employed through Apiculture Bee Keeping Made Farmer as Entrepreneur A Tribal Farmer Becomes a Successful Bee-Keeper Bee Keeping – As Subsidiary Enterprise 172 174 176 178 180 182 184 186 188 192 194 196 198 200 202 204 206 208 210 212 214 216 218 .

In order to reach the farmers efficiently. The Indian farming mostly characterized with diversified agro-ecologies. Alltogether 101 salient technological interventions which proved success have been chosen as a testimony of hard work put in by KVK system and are presented in the form of this document. As part of such a strategy. demonstration in the micro farming situations. there is a change in agrarian structure. It is hoped that this attempt may direct the KVKs and the farming community for up-scaling and replication of successful enterprising interventions for teaching the untaught and reaching the unreached. a number of activities are carried out by the entire KVK system to bring out location specific technology modules and appropriate extension approaches. Over the years. It is expected that India will have the largest agricultural manpower dominated by youths under 30 years of age by 2020. water scarcity. outcome and impact of technological interventions implemented by KVKs by documenting the success achieved and to reorient the strategies for effective functioning of KVKs for fulfilling its mandate. the Division of Agricultural Extension of ICAR has made a critical review of success stories emerged from KVKs through a rigorous process followed by the Programme Coordinators at district level. This is primarly possible by technological empowerment of farmers. Based on the changing scenario of agriculture year by year. it requires promotion of proper management of natural resources like soil. Majority of the Indian youth live in villages and are engaged in agricultural activities. in addition to updating the knowledge and skill of farmers and extension personnel by taking up innovative approaches through its network of 589 Krishi Vigyan Kendras (KVKs). In this direction. Keeping in view such a situation. output. the KVKs are effectively addressing the felt needs of farming community especially rural youth by following plough to plate approach and creating an enterprising environment. water and micro environment. the Zonal Project Directorates at Zonal level and by the Division at national level. There is no denying the fact that until the full potential of technology modules tested and demonstrated by KVKs are harvested by the millions of farmers in the country. the Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR) is playing a crucial role in providing technologies generated by NARS after its assessment. It is therefore very important to review and analyze the input. refinement. 1 . though 80% of farmers are operating small and marginal land holdings and having a weak access to critical production resources. which act as knowledge and resource centres for empowering all the partners in the agricultural development process. besides wellbeing of all stakeholder involved in the food production and consumption chain. success cannot be truly translated into production gains at the field level.INTRODUCTION T he National Agricultural Research System (NARS) is playing a pivotal role in enabling food security by continuous generation of technologies in agriculture and allied sectors in the country. unpredicted rains due to vagaries of monsoon and high cost of technological inputs.

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Timely Seed Supply Enhanced Farmers Income 4 KVK Shimoga. Karnataka .

577204 Email: kvkshimoga@yahoo.G roundnut and rice productivity in Shimoga district is low due to non availability of quality seeds at right time. At the end. Pogramme was initiated in groundnut crop during summer 2003 by MOU with farmers to assure them about buy back agreement. Dr H.B. Siriyur. Honnavile. Government of India recognized Bullapura village as Seed Village during 2006 and supported with various facilities like paying Rs150/q of quality seed as an incentive to farmers who produce seeds. Jaya. Melinahanasawadi and Goravinakatte wherein 82 farmers involved in kharif and 43 farmers in rabi. No. District Shimoga . (iv) timely roughing done and (v) provided seed certification by State Seed Certifying Agency. P. Due to seed production of groundnut and rice. Bullapura. Shimoga. area sown expanded to 39622 ha. Veeranna Programme Coordinator Krishi Vigyan Kendra. According to MOU the selected farmers have to purchase nucleus seeds from NSP by paying Rs 4000/q. KVK Shimoga established seed villages through farmers participatory seed production in association with National Seed Project (NSP) of University of Agricultural Sciences. Jayanthigrama. Agasanahalli. Purale.K. (ii) provided quality foundation seed to selected farmers. respectively. Dhadumghatta. Navile. additional net profit gained by the farmers was Rs 30000/ha and Rs 4625 to 7281/ha in different varieties of rice. (iii) isolation distance maintained. Seed production programme was then extended to rice crop during summer 2005 in an area of 50 ha and produced 2200 q of rice seeds of varieties viz. Bangalore. Jyothi and MTU – 1001.com Ph: 08182-295516 Fax:08182-227946 M: 09440866938 5 . Karnataka State Seed Corporation has taken up seed processing and marketing where as seed procurement and supply to farmers is being done by Department of Agriculture. 71 Navile. Honnavile. Barandur. Seed production of groundnut started with 2 ha in 2003 which increased to 52 ha at present. So far. Salient Features • Farmers have selected suitable varieties • Farmers were made aware of about susceptible and resistant varieties towards specific pests and diseases • Avoided 25-30% pest and disease incidence • Farmers were learned about post harvest management • Ensured timely supply of quality seeds • Small farmers also par ticipated in seed production It was attracted by farmers and area on groundnut seed production was extended to 10 ha during summer 2004. farmers participatory seed production was established in 19 villages viz. Thimlapura. Holehanasawadi. Due to timely availability of quality seeds of rice. where as rice seed production increased from 50 ha in 2005 to 883 ha at present. Looking at the results. Harobenavalli. Hanaswadi... KVK imparted technical know-how and do-how through training among farmers and provided regular technical seed production guidance through field visits from time to time. Bedarahosahalli. Steps taken to maintain the purity of seed are (i) procured breeder seed from ARS. NSP purchased graded pods as per MOU. Hasudi. Basavapura. Belalkatte.

Assam .Early Autumn Rice Cheers Farmers 6 KVK Nalbari.

s flood is a regular phenomenon in Sungarbori village on the bank of Brahmaputra river in Nalbari district of Assam. 2008 and 2009 in different pockets of the block. To address both these issues. 139 ha and 1000 ha during 2007. respectively. Shri Ali could supply 100 q of Luit seed to the Agriculture Department when a severe flood compelled the Department to procure and supply seeds of post flood short duration rice variety as an emergent relief measure to those farmers whose standing rice crop was lost in the flood. Sariahtoli Distirct Nalbari-781337 Email: agriperson@gmail. which being a long duration crop. there is no/less scope for cultivating winter/summer rice and hence farmers opted to grow autumn rice variety Jaya. hence bet ter profitability • Rice variety Luit occupied an area of 1000 ha by 2009. During 2006. through the technology backstopping of KVK. KVK Nalbari motivated and trained group of farmers for cultivating high yielding and short duration early Ahu rice (early autumn rice) variety Luit. developed by Assam Agricultural University. coupled with other positives such as lower irrigation and labour demand and good yield with better average net return than the traditionally cultivated variety of Jaya which was frequently destroyed by the recurring floods. cultivated the rice variety Luit in 32 ha under the technical guidance of KVK and could get a yield of 5-6 t/ ha. Dr Manoranjan Neog Programme Coordinator Krishi Vigyan Kendra. A Salient Features • Introduced shor t duration of 100 days early autumn rice variety Luit developed by Assam Agricultural University • Rice variet y Luit escaped flood and gave assured yield than traditionally cultivated Jaya rice variety • Lower irrigation and labour demand of Luit variety. Luit being a short duration variety up to 110 days. subdivision and finally the district. also was uncertain on account of flash floods. it fits into their system avoiding the flood season till harvest. Luit completely replaced Jaya in Barkhetri development block of the district which is a recurring flood hit area. trained group of farmers under the leadership of Shri Shahjahan Ali. replacing the less favourable and uncer tain option of Jaya variet y The small and marginal farmers of the area suddenly see an assured livelihood option before them and the area under the variety Luit gradually expanded to 71 ha.224837 M: 09435093577 7 .com Ph: 03624. which is deemed to be compatible with the physical and socio-cultural and economic condition of the area. During 2007. coupled with higher cultivation costs.

Goa .Red Kernel Rice-Revati Succeeded 8 KVK North Goa.

1%. Pandav wada. Kerala. in village Dhulapi located 6 km from KVK.Chodan. ICAR Research Complex for Goa introduced red kernel rice varariety Revati released by Regional Rice Research Station. Expenditure incurred was Rs16500/ha and realised Rs 31750 as gross income with a net profit of Rs 15250/ha. State Agricultural Department. Pre and post assessments indicated that the main factors such as low yield and shattering habit have been overcome by Revati and ultimately increased the yield of 33. Farmers grew Revati on an average of 0. Chief Volunteer of the club was recently received an honour in this regard. Saligao. rice is an important staple cereal crop and being grown in an area of 52801 ha with the production of 255974 t annually and productivity of 35. With achieving these results. Further there was no incidence of leaf folder. local preference for red kernel rice varaiety Jyoti is being traditionally cultivated in the state.com Ph: 0832-2285475 Fax: 0832-2285475 M: 09766448827 9 . Dr Raj Narayan Programme Coordinator Krishi Vigyan Kendra. Variety has spread in both the districts of North and South Goa and covered approximately more than 500 ha. Ela. Productivity is major constraint due to use of poor quality seed. Government of Goa included Revati under state I Salient Features • Revati variety of red kernel rice yielded 43.It has spread in the village covering an area of over 8. shattering habit in existing variety Jyoti resulting in less profitability.4q/ha) but also non shattering which ultimately results in higher yield. Dhulapi-Goa.4q/ha as against existing yield of 32.1 ha per family in many cases. Taleigao are few among the successful farmers who are acting as contact farmers to fellow farmers in the district.32q/ ha. Mrs Geeta Gajanan Uscaikar (9921207514). Old Goa Taluq Tiswadi. Shri Candido Dias (9922728707).0 ha besides spreading over more than 150 ha across the district within a span of 5 years substituting existing variety Jyoti and partial substitution of Jaya which were ruling earlier. District North Goa-403402 Email: pckvknorthgoa@yahoo. packaging and branding by under the guidance of KVK. Revati has made farm families to increase their production and productivity per unit area. case worm and diseases like.n Goa. During 2007-08. Smt Jyoti Dhulapkar(0832-2285513). Moncompu. KVK is continuously supporting farmers for imparting appropriate technical knowledge and arranging quality and timely seed. However. Revati not only is better yielder (43. Shri Darryl Pereira (9823074888). Farmers Club of Chorao got double the income through organic cultivation of the variety and adopting post harvest techniques like milling. With this background.69q/ ha and gave a net profit of Rs 15250/ha • Revati is non shat tering t ype variet y resul ting in addi tional grain yield of approximately 10-11q/ha • Introduced variety Revati meets the local preference for red kernel as well as raw and parboiled rice • Enhanced head rice recovery due to bold grain rice minikit programme. KVK North Goa. bacterial blight and blast were noticed .

Karnataka .Ragi Rewarded Farmers 10 KVK Tumkur.

5 with ragi variety MR-6 under the technical guidance and monitoring of KVK. Dr Y. With this approach.N. Dream. its cultivation declined in the district in recent years owing to low productivity due to non-availability of quality seeds. Halli taluq created a landmark in the history of ragi cultivation accounting 38.T.) is main staple crop of Tumkur district and is cultivated in 1. Konehalli Taluq Tiptur. Discovery. Bangalore. However. 350 ha in 2008-09 and now it occupied 525 ha through two seasons June-October as Kharif and January-February as summer in the district.572202 Email: kvktumkur@gmail.C. Shri B. Do it now and Discuss/Dialogue. Tumkur. 10 ha area was brought under cultivation by MR-6 variety in 2005-06 followed by 80 ha in 200607.N.51.com Ph: 08134-294771 M: 09449866936 11 . It has six stages and each stage has distinctly different activities indicated by 6 D’s viz. poor management and scanty rainfall. Shri Thimmaiah. Shri D.51. through an empowerment approach called as Appreciative Planning and Action (APA). Suresh. Kariyappa from C.2 lakh ha. Halli taluq. 125 ha in 2007-08. KVK Tumkur introduced high yielding ragi variety MR-6. District Tumkur .70 q/ha under rainfed condition followed by other farmers viz. MR-2 and GPU-28 • Produced high quantity and quality of fodder through ragi variety MR-6 as compared to other varieties Chikkabasappa from Tiptur taluq produced recordable yields of ragi 26. for which they all got certificate of hounour from the Department of Agriculture.30 and 36. At this situation. It is noteworthy that one of the farmers Shri Malleshaiah from C. Shri Siddalingaiah and Shri Mallesh were some of the interested farmers actively engaged in the process of disseminating the technology as master trainers and sold seed materials to their neighbours at doorstep.N. Design.. Shivalingaiah Krishi Vigyan Kendra.R agi (Eleusina coracana L.92 q/ha.Thimmappa from Turuvekere taluq. Delivery. Shri Kariyappa. 35. Shri M. which was released in 2004 by University of Agricultural Sciences. Salient Features • KVK empowered farmers through Appreciative Planning and Action • Introduced ragi variety MR-6 which is more suitable for early sowing • Achieved adoption of ragi variety MR-6 that gave 10-15% more yield as compared to MR-1.R. Shri H. respectively.. Farmers gained a net income of Rs 22000 with Benefit Cost Ratio of 2. 35.

Chhattisgarh .Maize Cultivation Changed Tribals Livelihood 12 KVK Bastar.

animal and poultry feed as well as for industrial processing by the wet and dry millers to produce value added products with the present available technology. and seed rate. pests and diseases. Rs 10850 in rabi and Rs 9453 in zaid seasons in a year. Technology has raised the standard of living by changing the skill and attitudes of the farmers from their traditional cultivation practices towards commercial production. Local varieties. sowing time. 900M. Hycel for kharif. 900M for rabi and 30V92. Kumharwand District Bastar-494005 Email: kvk_jagdalpur1@rediffmail. Since dissemination of technology. Technology has generated additional manpower of 384040 man days in the district. a trainee of KVK adopted improved varieties of maize in his 1. productivity of maize has increased from 15. 4212 for zaid along with complete package of practices like proper spacing. adoption of improved varieties of maize spread in 24715 ha and gave 444870 q maize production Salient Features • Introduced improved varieties along with complete package of practices including proper spacing and seed rate.69 lakh income in the district. sowing time.com Ph: 07782-229071 Fax: 07782-229160/229046 M: 09425585249 13 . unawareness of improved technology are the major problems associated with low productivity of maize in Bastar district. Shri Sonuram from Jarebendri village of the district. This level of production meeting its growing demand for human food. imbalance use of fertilizer.65 q/ha in farmers fields during the period from 2004-05 to 2008-09. Further.08 % over local varieties and practices. low fertility.08 % over local practices • Increased 24715 ha area with improved varieties of maize and produced 444870 q maize production in the district • Generated additional employment of 384040 man days and Rs 373.B astar Plateau is having good agro climatic situation for maize production but the productivity of maize in the district is 1800 kg/ha. fertilizer application etc. 30V92.0 ha of land and earned a net income of Rs 15840 in kharif. KVK Baster introduced improved varieties such as 30 R 77. Demonstrated technology has increased the average yield about 131. Dr Shishir Chandra Mukharjee Programme Coordinator Krishi Vigyan Kendra. 4643. high incidence of insects. fer tilizer application etc. Tribal farmers convinced with technology and adopting in a large scale. On the basis of last six years interventions in Bastar district by KVK.90 q/ha to 20. poor management of soil. adoption of hybrids with full package of practices has been proved more beneficial than local practices for getting high returns per unit area under rainfed situation. • Increased the average yield about 131. Keeping these problems in view.

Tripura .Groundnut Occupied River Bank Fallow Lands 14 KVK West Tripura.

M: 0986335190 15 .222274 Ph: 03825. Owing to satisfactory performance and wide adaptability in the sandy soil of river bank of Samruchara. Government Departments. it was adopted by 32 farmers from six adjacent villages in the next kharif season in their fallow lands. private seed farms and fellow farmers of different villages. more than 250 ha is to be brought under groundnut considering average productivity of 950 kg/ha. Later they were trained on seed production of groundnut and they are being producing 1.222274 Fax: 03825. Considering the importance.0 t of seeds per season.n West Tripura district.222274 (R).O. I Salient Features • Used fallow land • Followed latest cultivation practices • Reduced tikka disease due to seed treatment • Achieved optimum productivity and production • Planned for seed production at farmers level • Created awareness and provided technical suppor t for adoption of groundnut in large scale in the district Dr Pranab Dutta Programme Coordinator Krishi Vigyan Kendra P. Chebri.com Ph: 03825. Khowai.com kvkwesttripura@yahoo. requirement of groundnut is about 237 MT and to satisfy this demand. Seed is being sold to the NGOs. District West Tripura-799207 Email: pranabd1974@indiatimes. KVK West Tripura introduced HYV of groundnut ICGS-76 through FLD in few pockets of West Tripura district in 2008-2009. Initially the programme was started with Sanghita Self Help Group consisting of 10 members.

Gujarat . Cotton Seeds Brought Smile among Farmers 16 KVK Kheda.Pure Bt.

This had resulted into low yield of cotton. Dethali District Kheda-378210 Email: drchandawat@rediffmail. Demonstrations were laid out with pure Bt. cot ton (VICH-15) over control and gained 94 % more income • Most of the area in Kheda district is under Bt.t. cotton seed. Disgusted farmers shown their crop to KVK experts of Kheda. cotton seed under technical guidance of KVK. Shri Praveen Kumar Sharma Programme Coordinator I/C Krishi Vigyan Kendra. cotton (VICH-15) in 40 ha belonging to 50 farmers of 4 villages under Technology Mission on Cotton Mini Mission-II during 2007-08. Arranged methyl parathion 2% dust for control of mealy bug. cotton in the village and also villages of Kheda district. Cot ton seed purchased in local market provided low yield due to mixed plant stand vulnerable to insect pest infestation • Farmers obtained 162 % more yield by pure Bt. B Salient Features • Bt. cotton seed crop produced an average yield of 42. cotton under recommended package of practices provided a net profit of Rs 73500/ha. Farmers were highly convinced with pure Bt. This necessitated awareness campaign on Bt. cot ton now • Technology improved socio-economic status of cot ton growers in Kheda district Cultivation of pure Bt. Pure Bt. Now many farmers in district Kheda have started cultivation of cotton with pure Bt. micro nutrient (MgSO4 and FeSO4) and neem based bio-pesticides as critical inputs to farmers. while it was just Rs 25000 in case of Bt.0 q/ha whereas locally purchased Bt. cotton seed along with Bt. cotton grown with local seed. which has changed socioeconomic conditions of cotton growers in Kheda district. Spodoptera and leaf curl virus in Gothak Lat village of Kheda district.75 q/ha. cotton seed purchased from local market as control plot.com Ph: 02694-287637 02633-260001 (R). Farmers were guided on micro nutrient and bio-pesticide application from time to time by KVK. M: 09427159810 17 . cotton raised through buying seed from local market was highly affected by Heliothis. KVK Kheda conducted demonstrations on pure Bt. They noticed mixed type population with low flower formation and dropping of balls due to purchasing of poor quality seed from local market. cotton seed crop could produce only 15.

Karnataka .Frenchbean Fetched Higher Profits 18 KVK Bengaluru Rural.

4 ha per family in many cases.n Karnataka. I Salient Features • Arka Anoop yielded 14 t/ha as against existing yield of 11. Arka Anoop spread over 80 ha across the district within a short span of 2 years substituting local varieties and partial substitution of Arka Komal which was ruling earlier. Hadonahalli Taluq Doddaballapur. Bengaluru was introduced by KVK Bengaluru Rural during 2007-08 in the village Antrahalli. KVK is supporting farmers not only by providing appropriate technical knowledge but also arranging quality and timely seeds. Lot of behavioural changes such as confidence in the farming was achieved. Doddaballapura taluk has fetched more returns to the farmers. Rust and bacterial blight are the major diseases of frenchbean with which farmers loose profits every year.561203 Email: kvkbrd@gmail. Shri Subramani (09972076865) from Hadonahalli village of Doddaballapura taluk in Bengaluru Rural District are few among the successful farmers who are acting as contact farmers to fellow farmers in the district. frenchbean is cultivated in 9567 ha with the production of 106111 t annually. Expenditure incurred was Rs 72500/ha and realised Rs 222500 as gross income with a net profit of Rs 150000. M: 09449866928/09448360023 19 . Pre and post assessments indicated that the main factors such as resistant to diseases like rust and bacterial blight thereby reduced cost of cultivation in addition higher yields compared to other varieties contributed to the successful adoption of variety Arka Anoop from zero to 30%.5 lakh/ha • Arka Anoop is a leguminous vegetable and suitable for crop rotation • Requires less seed rate @45 kg/ha as compared to 50 kg/ha for other varieties • Farmers obtained 30% more income • Arka Anoop spread horizontally with around 80 ha Smt Chennamma (09343766673) from Antrahalli village. Shri Siddalingachar (09242733386) from Antrahalli village. not only better yielder but also resistant to rust and bacterial blight. Rajanna Programme Coordinator Krishi Vigyan Kendra. released by Indian Institute of Horticultural Research. District Bengaluru Rural . Dr N. Farmers grew Arka Anoop on an average of 0. Arka Anoop has made farm families to increase their purchasing capacity as well as they could send their children to schools by paying their prescribed fee comfortably. French bean variety Arka Anoop.09 t/ha • Gave net profit of Rs 1.com Ph: 080-27652093/27652082 Fax: 080-27652082 080-23431823 (R).

Bengalgram Productivity Boosted with Variety JG-11 20 KVK Kurnool. Andhra Pradesh .

balanced fertilization etc. Uyyalawada. Anantapur and Kadapa. gave an increase in yield up to 22. bengalgram occupies 2.com Ph: 08515-227106 Fax: 08515-227106 08515-228205 (R).. It is mostly cultivated in vertisols under residual soil moisture regime with mono-cropping system in southern parts of the district covering Koilkuntla.18 lakh ha in Kurnool district of Andhra Pradesh • JG-11 boosted the productivity of bengal gram by 22. respectively.37q/ha.75q/ha and 29. large leaflets. JG-11 along with agronomic practices like seed treatment with Trichoderma viridae. PO:Yagantipalli Via:Banaganapalli.57 lakh tones and productivity of 1437Kg/ha. bengalgram is grown in 6. matures in 97 days and tolerant to wilt as well drought • JG-11 has large pod size and seeds are very bold with light brown and smooth • JG-11 is being cultivated in 2. there was 100% replacement of local variety (Annegiri) in Kalugotla village of Koilakuntla mandal by JG-11.43 lakh ha (40 % of area in the state). 55 pods per plant. Dornipadu. Dhanalakshmi Programme Coordinator Krishi Vigyan Kendra.n Andhra Pradesh.18 lakh ha. 36 cm plant height. KVK Kurnool introduced improved variety of bengalgram JG-11 in 2004 through organization of 16 training courses and 114 demonstrations.9 % against existing local variety Annegiri under rainfed situations and up to 14 % under protective irrigation with an average yield of 20. In Kurnool district.5 to 24 gms. M: 09440607424 21 . District Kurnool-518124 Email: pendekantikvk@rediffmail. Sanjamala. KVK also took up seed production programme at its farm and also procured seed from FLD farmers in seed chain programme and arranged 250q seed to other KVKs in the state as well as to farmers in the district and neighboring districts viz. Panyam and other mandals. I Salient Features • KVK introduced improved bengal gram variety JG-11 in 2004 • JG-11 characterized with purple stem. At present the area under JG-11 in Kurnool district is about 2..9% in rainfed situations and 14% under protective irrigation • Achieved 100% bengalgram cultivation in Kalugotla village of Koilakuntla mandal byJG-11 Mrs G. 100 seed w t 22. In a span of 5 years (2004-08). semi spreading with profuse branching.07 lakh ha with production of 8.

Madhya Pradesh .Tissue Culture Banana Plantation–A Boon 22 KVK Harda.

he is still using drip irrigation instead of flood irrigation as he saves expenditure and manpower by using drip irrigation system.arda district in central Madhya Pradesh has acquired the tag of Mini Punjab due to bumper wheat production for the past few years coupled with Soybean as cash crop during monsoon season. M: 09009801134 23 . but in long run it is economically more viable. Alert and educated farmers here are slowly realizing this situation and are opting for alternative cropping patterns. He is cultivating banana as a cash crop for last five years and his experience has been very satisfactory. H Salient Features • Introduced tissue culture banana • Observed uniformity in plant height and quality • Banana plantation made soil porous and improved soaking quality • Field crops were grown as filler crops • Provided net annual income of Rs 192500 • Drip irrigation saved expenditure and manpower After meeting the total cost of Rs 240000 of which Rs180000 in first year and Rs 60000 in second year. but there is a dark side to this new prosperity. 192500 per annum. Though ground water is ample in the area. Shri Upendra Gadre (07573-230182) belonging to Timarni village of Harda district adopted tissue culture banana since 2005. KVK Harda introduced tissue culture banana through a series of activities. Mono cropping is slowly but surely making farmers of this area overly dependent on these two crops. Economy of the area has grown rapidly.com Ph: 07577-226021 Fax:07577-226021 Ph: 07577-295603 (R).C. he got a net income of Rs 385000 during two years i.e. Dr R. Sharma Programme Coordinator Krishi Vigyan Kendra. he cultivated wheat and soybean in one of the banana fields last year and the results were more satisfactory. He says tissue culture plants cost a bit more than traditional shoot plants. Banana plantation makes soil porous and the water soaking quality also improves. Rs. He planted tissue culture banana using drip irrigation. With this background. After 4 years of banana cultivation. District Harda-461331 Email: kvkharda@rediffmail. He is using tissue culture plants instead of traditional root shoot plants as they are more uniform in size and quality.

Perseverance Paid Farmer 24 KVK Ri-Bhoi. Meghalaya .

With the financial assistance from NABARD and technical support of KVK. he never kept his land of 3. Organized a field day and showed the performance of these improved varieties to farmers and extension personnel. Consequently he raised his income from Rs 8000 to Rs 20000 per month.com Ph: 0364-2570011 Fax:0364-2570011 M: 09436337276 25 . Shri Francis adopted the varieties introduced by KVK besides other vegetable crops under the technical guidance of KVK. Jalkund has been constructed in his field and he is utilizing the water for irrigating winter vegetables. He maintains harmonious relationship with his fellow farmers as well as officials and has visionary plan for intensifying agriculture and allied sectors in his farm. He has also modified his pig unit scientifically with the intervention of KVK. Nadia) • Introduced HY V of soybean (JS335) and groundnut (ICGS-76) • Life saving irrigation to winter vegetables with the help of stored water in 30000 l capacity Jalkund • Technical interventions increased 40% of monthly income of farmer Time and tides wait for none. Bordoloi Programme Coordinator Krishi Vigyan Kendra. He was basically a ginger cultivator like any other Meghalaya farmer.K VK Ri-Bhoi introduced improved varieties of turmeric (RCT-1). soybean (JS-335) and groundnut (ICGS-76) through frontline demonstrations in 2007. Salient Features • Obtained 30% increased yield of turmeric and ginger through improved varieties (RTC-1. this proverb holds good for Shri Francis of Bangla village in Umsning block. Umiam Email: pckvk@rediffmail. Ri-Bhoi KVK ICAR (RC) for NEH Region. ginger (Nadia). Then. Dr R.0 ha uncultivated like other fellow farmers.

Tamil Nadu .Fodder Raising make Dairy Farmers Rich 26 KVK Vellore.

Co (CN 4) gave a recorded yield of 340 t/ha/year with a net income of Rs 66155. They are depending on external source of feed which is readily available in the form of mixtures in market that lead to high maintenance cost and earns low income from dairy farming.4 % brix). organization of sensitization meetings and interface between scientists. ultra soft juicy stem (3. decision making and socio-economic condition of dairy farmers • Increased average milk yield from 5. Sumathi Programme Coordinator Krishi Vigyan Kendra. non lodging.5 to 7. Special features of Co (CN)4 are profuse tillers of 25-30/clump. skill. Virinjipuram District Vellore-632 104 Email: kvkvrinjipuram@tnau. extension personnel and farmers for dissemination and adoption of Co (CN)4) as a fodder among dairy farmers. M: 09487520817 27 .ac.co.in Ph: 0416-2914453 0416-2211700 (R). With this background. supply of planting material as per the demand. KVK Vellore introduced Cumbu Napier Hybrid Fodder (Co (CN)4) grass during 2007-08.ajority of dairy farmers in Vellore district were small and marginal. group meetings. more leaf stem ratio. free from pest and diseases and superior rationing ability. organization of frontline demonstrations.in sumathiperiyasamy@yahoo. Dr P. organization of field days. M Salient Features • Increased awareness and adoption of Co(CN)4 among the dairy farmers • Introduced Co(CN)4 as an intercrop in coconut gardens and backyards by many dairy farmers throughout the district • Improved knowledge.0 l/day/ animal • Reduced 20-30% of ex ternal feed cost Within a short span of two years about 250 dairy farmers adopted this fodder in more than 21 ha in the district. KVK conducted a series of activities for about 2 years continuously which includes organization of both on and off campus training courses on production technologies.

Rainfed Farmers Gained through Annual Moringa 28 KVK Ahmednagar. Maharashtra .

KVK Ahmednagar introduced drumstick cultivation with improved variety PKM-1 in 1996 that thrives well in dry land areas..20 to 1.413737 Email: kvkahmednagar@yahoo. pearlmillet. Success story was also given in the website of KVK.M ore than 90% of the area is rainfed in Ahmednagar district of Maharashtra and receives an average annual rainfall of 400 mm. Technique of pruning was standardized for exploiting the local and distant market demand.com Ph: 02422-252414/253612 Fax:02422-253536 Ph: 02422-273232/273312/253235 (R). it was ranged from 1. KVK printed more than 20000 folders on drumstick production technology for the information of farmers. was ranged from Rs 55000 – 61000/ha. 1612 farmers adopted drumstick cultivation in an area of 1482. District Ahmednagar. M:09822519260 29 . Variety PKM-1 yielded 72-80 q/ha in farmers fields and the highest yield recorded was 110 q/ha.33 in Salient in case of case of drumstick cultivation where as Features dry land crops viz.. non-fibrous and non-bit ter and weighs 160 grams/pod • Obser ved low incidence of insect pest and disease • Recorded high productivity (250-350 fruits / tree / year) • Observed long shelf life of 10-12 days at room temperature • Adopted widely by the farmers of Maharashtra Due to intervention of KVK.55. Net income obtained Dr Bhaskar Gaikwad Programme Coordinator Krishi Vigyan Kendra. Besides arranging seed and seedlings of variety PKM-1 initially. PO: Babhaleshwar Taluq Rahata. green pods with fleshy.2 ha in different parts of Maharashtra in general. Further.4 ha in Ahmednagar district in particular and 6452 farmers in 4822. pulses and soybean in Kharif and keeping the land fallow in post rainy season due to lack of irrigation facilities. • Introduced drumstick variety PKM-1 which is seed propagated. sorghum. annual in habit and bushy in grow th. Benefit Cost Ratio recorded was 2. KVK prepared a CD on improved drumstick cultivation. Farmers are adopting mono cropping and cultivating low income crops like sorghum.com gaikwadbh@yahoo. 36 demonstrations and 23 training programmes (923 farmers) were conducted by KVK. pearl millet. greengram etc. One state level seminar was conducted on commercial cultivation of drumstick.

Unproductive Date Palm Paid Dividend 30 KVK Porbandar. Gujarat .

Such date palms are abundantly available in 4-5 villages around Porbandar. JAU. Farmers were highly delighted when their unproductive date palms N Salient Features • Unproductive date palms were made productive through manual pollination technique taught by KVK • Each plant provided an income of Rs 5000-10000 • Farmers of Advana and other 5 villages adopted the technology and raised their income • Nutritious dates enriched the diet of local inhabitants produced quality dates in bumper quantity of 100-200 kg dates from each palm which fetched an additional income of Rs 5000 to 10000 by selling at the rate of Rs 50/kg. Pollination technique was taught to farmers and they did cross pollination to their unproductive date palms with an instrument designed by KVK. KVK launched awareness camps on pollination technique with the help of Shri Laxambhai in village Advana. It is made up of PVC pipe attached with one bottle on one end and at another end attached one rubber pipe. Fill the bottle with pollen mixed with talkcom powder and then pollinate the female flowers by blowing air through mouth. Farmers of other 5 villages have also learnt the pollination technique and produced quality dates which improved their income. Oderdra Programme Coordinator Krishi Vigyan Kendra. Khapat District Porbandar – 360579 Email: rkodedra@jau. Credit goes to Shri Laxam Bhai Odedra who taught pollination technique under the awareness campaign launched in collaboration with KVK . Inspired by success of Shri Laxmanbhai and other farmers purchased date palm seedlings from KVK and planted on the bunds of their farms and doing intercropping also. Length of instrument can be adjusted depending upon height of the plant.in Ph: 0286-2242416 M: 9825280843 31 .aturally grown date palm in village Advana of district Porbandar do not bear fruits due to no pollination. Shri Laxambhai Odedra visited Kutchch once and observed that farmers are producing good quality of dates from such plants in Kutchch through manual pollination technique taught by KVK located at Kutchch in Porbandar district.K. He discussed the problem with KVK and obtained training on pollination technique. Shri R.

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Kerala .Group Farming Revived Rice Cultivation 34 KVK Kollam.

com Ph: 0474-2459388 Fax: 0474-2459388 35 . harvesting and marketing were effectively and successfully carried out by the groups.8 t/ha in 2009-10. It was one side and other was existing social milieu of the district.1 t/ ha in 2008-09 and 4. Timely input supply.n Kollam. where non availability of labour aggravated by the advent of cashew factories and their attractive pay offers. respectively. At this juncture. technical interventions. and 43 I Salient Features • Capacity building of farmers in group management and scientific cultivation practices • Raised rice nursery on community basis • Purchased plant protection chemicals in a lot for entire area • Reduced cost of cultivation by 30% by synchronized planting and farm operations • Proved the possibilit y of group farming and par ticipatory resource management for increasing productivity of rice that revived rice cultivation farmers of Kadapuzha panchayat in Sasthancotta block in 12. 23 farmers of Pattazhi panchayat in Pathanapuram block in 5 ha in rabi season of 2009-10. 7281 ha and 16063t in 2005-06 and 5497 ha and 12580t in 2006-07. resources. 5 farmers of Paripally Panchayat in Ithikara block in 3 ha. labor. regular field visits and confidence instilled in the farmers convinced them that rice could be re-introduced in the same glory as that of a decade before in the abandoned paddy lands. 8949 ha and 20646t in 2004-05. KVK Kollam formulated Comprehensive Rice Production Package (CRISP) and implemented in Panthaplavu. It was successfully disproved the notion that rice cultivation is non profitable. 18 farmers of Thrikaruva panchayat in Anchalamoodu block in 5 ha. sustainability and profitability. Later it was extended to four other panchayaths of Kollam in 2008-09 and nine blocks of the district in 2009-10 with the financial outlay of Rs 2. that shows drastic decline of 46 % in area and 44 % in production. Pattazhi with a total fund outlay of Rs 1.88 lakh in 2007-08. Key elements for successful increase of grain yield were community. group approach of rice cultivation was taken up in Pattazhi Panchayat of Pathanapuram block by 31 farmers in an area of 6. rice area and production was 10187 ha and 22421t in 2003-04. 16 farmers of Elampallur panchayat in Mukhathala block in 5 ha. transplanting. intercultural operations.8 lakh and Rs 3.26 ha in rabi season of 2007-08 and subsequently it was increased by 71 farmers of Kareepra panchayat in Kottarakara block in 15 ha. Kottarakara District Kollam . farm machinery etc as well as implementation of sowing. respectively.com drsubaidabeevi@gmail.5 ha in Summer season of 2009-10.0 t/ha in 2007-08 followed by 4. 15 farmers of Edamulackal panchayat in Anchal block in 5 ha. Dr Sheeba Rabecca Issac Programme Coordinator Krishi Vigyan Kendra Sadanandapuram PO. 20 farmers of Veliyam Panchayat in Kottarakara block in 8 ha. Community based management of resources such as inputs. Under the technical guidance of KVK. 11 farmers of Perayam panchayat in Chittumala block in 3 ha. integration.78 lakh. 17 farmers of Edamulackal panchayat in Anchal block in 5 ha. 55 farmers of Kareepra Panchayat in Kottarakara block in 10 ha in kharif season of 2009-10. Grain yield of rice increased from 3.691550 Email: kvkkollam@yahoo. plant protection measures. 31 farmers of Pattazhi panchayat in Pathanapuram block in 7 ha in rabi season of 2008-09. 24 farmers of Cheriyavellinallur panchayat in Chadayamangalam block in 5 ha.

SRI Brings a New Horizon in Rice Cultivation 36 KVK East Sikkim. Sikkim .

Though SRI was initially objected by the farmers to be more labour intensive and apprehended to be a failure technology. KVK conducted FLD on SRI recommended by ICAR Research Complex.ice is staple food of Sikkim and is second most important cereal crop of the state followed by maize. Shri Lendop Lepcha (9434153562).1 and 23. K. Sikkim Centre with local rice cultivar Attey during kharif.co. This is mainly due to conventional method of rice cultivation under organic condition coupled with use of local rice cultivars like Attey (Thulo and Sano). under conventional method.com Ph: 03592-251311 Fax: 03592-251311 Ph: 03592. Farmers adopted SRI in rice cultivation in more than 40 ha area during Kharif. KVK East Sikkim introduced SRI in rice cultivation through a series of activities.25 q/ha during kharif 2008-09 and 2009-10 as compared to the check yield of 15. An increase of 20% yield was obtained with SRI on same local variety (Attey) with Benefit Cost Ratio of 2. M: 09434750778 37 .com akmohanty2004@yahoo.in. the success of SRI technology was realised by the farmers in enhancing rice productivity. State Department of FS R Salient Features • SRI saved seed cost as the seed requirement is less • Improved the soil aeration and incorporation of weed biomass in to soil • Obser ved low incidence of pests and diseases as the soil is allowed to dr y intermit tently • Facilitated easy to take up intercultural operation as it was planted in rows • Gave higher yield due to profuse root system leading to high uptake of nutrients resulting in more number and vigorous productive tillers • SRI changed the rice scenario in East Sikkim & AD. Farmers of East Sikkim are now progressing with SRI towards making the district as rice bowl of Sikkim. east sikkimkvkicar@yahoo. Chhota Singtam and Aho villages.231274 (R). Shri Gopal Podiyal (9609774562) from Chotta Singtam village. Government of Sikkim has taken up SRI programme in several places as per the demand of farmers.6 q/ ha. Krishnabhog. It was recorded an average yield of 19. Shri Chumdem Lepcha (9800953960) from Rey Mindu village. Dr A. Besides. Shri Vashu Dev Bhatrai (9832005485) from Lower Aho village are few successful as well as contact farmers to fellow farmers in the district. It is cultivated in an area of 14150 ha with a productivity of 1515 kg/ ha which is very meagre. but due to close supervision and monitoring of KVK. Mohanty Programme Coordinator Krishi Vigyan Kendra East Sikkim ICAR Research Complex for NEH Region Ranipool. 2008-09 and 2009-10 in Rey Mindu village.3 wherein cost of cultivation was Rs10950/ha with a net return of Rs 25550. respectively. District East Sikkim-737135 Email: dramulyakumar@gmail. Dudhetulsi and Dudhkante.9 and 19. 2010-11 in the district.

SRI Doubled Rice Productivity 38 KVK Trivandram. Kerala .

Dr Anina Susan Zachariah Programme Coordinator Krishi Vigyan Kendra. Along with SRI. Responses were high towards mass media programmes conducted by KVK through AIR and Doordarsan. an extension design adopted by KVK was highly successful for the promotion of SRI at different levels in Kerala. Coimbatore for technical back up and supply of critical inputs for promoting SRI. KVK trained over 3000 farmers and 800 extension workers of government. farmers organised a harvest festival in the locality and shared their happiness and experiences. Elated by the unexpected bumper yield. Vellanad. all 66 farmers of Nellanad padasekharam (10 ha) are cultivating rice in SRI method for the past five years during Kharif and rabi crops. leaf colour chart (LCC) and Pseudomonas fluorescence for the first time in Kerala. KVK worked in collaboration with Tamil Nadu Agricultural University. Trivandram on 16th December. Due to KVK intervention. non-availability and high cost of labour and high input prices are some of the major factors responsible for decline. Thus.ice cultivation found to be non-profitable and area is declining day by day in Kerala due to several technical and social problems relating to rice sector. KVK has organised series of workshops on SRI. non-government. 2008 and Shri Ratnakaran himself participated harvest festival of the same crop. Mitraniketan P. A total of 375 individual farmers adopted SRI in an area of 250 ha. icreased panicle length and grain weight • Multiplied seeds easily and ef fectively by the farmers themselves • Promoted SRI through Government of Kerala Hon’ble Minister of Agriculture Shri Mullakkara Ratnakaran inaugurated rice cultivation with SRI at 3 ha low land fields of Poojappura central jail. For the first time KVK SMS has bagged Karshakamitra 2004-2005 . area under rice was fast dwindling. This was mooted to implement SRI in the farm of Open Jail at Nettukalthery under the technical guidance of Mitraniketan KVK.5 t/ha.0 t/ha) as compared with the state average of 3 to 3.co. Name of the place itself means The Land of Rice but due to high cost of cultivation and less profit from rice cultivation. rotary weeder.2552213 (R).com trivandrumkvk@yahoo. KVK introduced rotary marker. KVK Trivandrum initiated to promote System of Rice Intensification (SRI) as a new rice production method in 2003. chemical fer tilizers and pesticides • SRI gave double yield due to profuse tillers. Success of KVK for increasing rice production through SRI served as a means to develop a policy note by the Government of Kerala to promote SRI in the state. KVK has successful in doubling the rice yield (7. labour. District Trivandrum-695543 Email: aninasz@yahoo. without any discontinuance. M: 09447741347 39 . Farmers said this was the highest yield ever recorded. R Salient Features • SRI saved cost of seeds. KVK selected Nellanad panchayat which is 30 km North of Trivandrum.O. Erratic rains. voluntary action groups and private agencies on SRI in several districts of Kerala and motivated hundreds of farmers to adopt the practice.in Ph: 0472-2882086 Fax: 0472-2882086 Ph: 0471. KVK tested SRI at farmers field for identification of local adaptability. As a first step.a prestigious award of State Government of Kerala for the best extension functionary in the field of agriculture.

Remunerative Rice Cultivation through SRI 40 KVK Thiruvarur. Tamil Nadu .

M: 09443450818 Rice productivity for the past 5 years in the district during different seasons shows increasing trend. Totally Rs 5000/ha could be saved in the cost of cultivation with an 41 . transplanting. production of video CD’s. this region is facing several problems viz. leaflets and pamplets.in Ph: 04367-261444 Fax: 04367-260666 04362-246980 (R). uncertainty in availability of canal water and paucity of labour availability coupled with enhanced labour wages which led to rice cultivation becomes lack luster and less profitable. Pulavarnatham.T hiruvarur district is being the major partner of rice cultivation covering nearly 35000 ha during kharif in Tamil Nadu. FLDs.. Melathirupalagudi. Production and productivity during kharif is largely varies due to uncertainty in receipt of canal water from Mettur dam. utilization of TV and AIR. Thirumahalam and Melanagai villages are adopting this method during Kuruvai season. the productivity has elevated to 7050 kg/ha.6 ha of wet land under SRI only. Dr T. Shri K. Shri R. Further. Of late. Production was 4764 kg /ha in Kuruvai 2004-05 and with in 5 years (2008-09).co. With this background.92% higher than the conventional method of transplanting with a saving of Rs 735 in seed cost. weeding and irrigation).4 ha as he convinced with the method. SRI method becomes a profitable and alternate method of rice cultivation especially during the water scarcity period and more than 90% of the farmers in Amirthavalli. OFTs. Rs 300 in fertilizer cost and Rs 550 in pesticide cost per ha. KVK Thiruvarur introduced SRI method of rice cultivation in the district by way of organizing training courses.A graduate of Neduvakottai village in Mannargudi block is now cultivating rice under SRI in his entire 34. now cultivating 5.9% over the last 5 years. In fact. exhibitions. periodical follow up. publishing in the dailies and journals and distribution of printed material in the form of booklets. fer tilizer and labour there by increased net profit • SRI proved ef ficiency of mechanization in rice cultivation • SRI provided farmers a remunerative returns from rice cultivation additional income due to increased grain yield and Benefit Cost Ratio of 2.Arunkumar. Pandaravadai. trainees were taken on exposure visit to the fields of successful farmers to create confidence and motivate them on SRI.99. Salient Features • SRI saved water which reduced 4 irrigations over farmers practice • SRI resulted minimum use of inputs such as seed. audio recording of feedbacks. area under SRI was only 600 ha in 2004-05 and now the area under SRI expanded to 53700 ha in 2008-09. a progressive farmer of Thattaikkalpadugai of Needamangalam block is adopting SRI and machine transplanting in about 8 ha of his land and Shri S. This unimaginable yield enhancement is due to expanded area under SRI and technological improvement coupled with farmers motivation. This remarkable spread achieved through the efforts of KVK as well as extension functionaries from the State Government. Rs 3190 in labour cost (nursery. an M. Meganathan. Senguttuvan Programme Coordinator Krishi Vigyan Kendra. Chetichathiram. This improved method of rice cultivation (SRI) recorded higher grain yield which is 9. Needamangalam District Thiruvarur-614 404 Email: kvkndm@tnau. In addition to the monitory benefit this method of cultivation also reduced the quantity of fertilizer and pesticide application.Kalyanasundaram. a progressive farmer of Edamelaiyur village in Needamangalam block was the pioneer in adoption of SRI in the district since 2005. writing of success stories.ac.B.in senguttuvant@yahoo. This massive increment is to the tune of 47.

SRI Stimulated Rice Farmers 42 KVK Thiruvannamalai. Tamil Nadu .

810 farmers of Chengam block in 510 ha.com Ph: 04182-293484 Fax: 04182-201525 43 . Ramesh Raja Krishi Vigyan Kendra. 43 and 45 ranged from 33.30 in all these blocks with a net income ranged from Rs 45700 to 52400 as compared to existing rice cultivation Rs 20680 to 31796.0 ha during kharif 2004 and harvested an yield of 8. a total of 1915 farmers of Arni block covered SRI in 1520 ha. SRI rice planting and cono weeding • Rice cultivation has become more profitable through SRI which stimulated large number of farmers 1710 ha. Kaveribakkam. indiscriminate use of chemicals.V. spread of rice cultivation with SRI method was incredible. Kannamangalam. 1990 farmers of Thurinjapuram block in 1284 ha. Avanavadi. farmers are being continuing rice cultivation as there is no suitable alternate crop to replace. Cheyyar Taluq District Thiruvannamalai-604410 Email: vedapurikvk@gmail. 2529 farmers of Thandarampattu block in 1616 ha. 2916 farmers of Vembakkam block in 2450 ha. 2164 farmers of Thiruvannamalai block in 1560 ha. Mr N. cono weeder for weed management etc. 3116 farmers of Pudupalayam block in 1915 ha. 2515 farmers of Kilpennathur block in 1525 ha. Kayanallur. 94 training courses were organized exclusively on SRI for 1817 farmers and extension personnel covering 178 villages in the district during 2005-06 to 2009-10. and S. labour shortage and high wages. KVK undertaken various interventions to popularize SRI among farmers. KVK Thiruvannamalai has played a major role in introduction of SRI method of rice cultivation in the district. and 3323 farmers of Kalasapakkam block in 2412 ha in the district.61 t/ha to 7. 1760 farmers of Annakavoor block in 1300 ha. 4013 farmers of Polur block in 2916 ha. As per the record. Nagaram during 2005-06 to 2009-10. KVK conducted experiments on SRI in an area of 2. low productivity.70 t/ha • A total of 624 members of farmers clubs as well as SHG’s have got self employment by under taking mat nursery raising. 2100 farmers of West Arni block in 1680 ha.25 t/ha. 1850 telephonic advisory service.34 to 63. Jannamedu. Kilnelli village Chithathur PO. 1820 farmers of Chetpet block in 1210 ha. distributed 2500 booklets. 2420 farmers of Vandavasi block in Salient Features • SRI method of rice cultivation was followed by 40103 farmers of Thiruvannamalai district in 27870 ha • Average productivity of the rice has been increased from 5. 1350 farmers of Thellar block in 902 ha. Simultaneously. improper nursery management..D espite fluctuation in rice yield and income in Thiruvannamalai district. Main reasons behind for low net income from rice cultivation are high seed rate. At this situation. conducted 1112 field visits. 3010 farmers of Cheyyar block in 2250 ha. This mooted to conduct a series of experiments as well as activities by KVK both at KVK farm and farmers fields and made necessary modifications in SRI method of rice cultivation to suit local conditions like use of rotary marker for square planting. Semmampadi. Kavedu. 4000 pamphlets and 5000 leaflets on SRI in collaboration with TNAU and other line departments in the district. KVK conducted SRI demonstrations in 59 ha covering 105 farmers belonging to 9 villages viz. 10 exposure visits to 250 farmers. Further. Maruthadu. Percentage of yield increase with rice varieties ADT 37. Thus. 2352 farmers of Pernamallur block in 1110 ha.

ICM Practices Revived Rice Cultivation 44 KVK Pathanamthitta. Kerala .

mechanization with paddy transplanter. threasher cum winnower included in ICM technology and 1.. Pampa and Manimala flow in. IPM etc. practices in raising seedlings for transplanting. use of good quality seeds. through site specific nutrient management and Leaf Colour Char t (LCC) • Saved irrigation water by over 50 % with practice of intermit tent irrigation during the vegetative phase With this background. weeder. As a result. Hybrid rice variety CORH-2 was on farm tested in 1ha and gave an yield of 10.1 t/ha. farmers of Kuttor panchayath adopted ICM practices in 20 ha in 2008-09 under the guidance of KVK. In Midland and Malayoram ecosystem lands are interspersed with alternating hills and valley where as in Upper Kuttanad area three river systems viz Achenkovil. There is a strong linkage with concerned line deparments for impleting ICM practices in rice in large area. However. Kolabhagom P. the productivity of rice was only 2. In ICM. there by reduced the cost of rice cultivation which resulted to revive rice cultivation from fallow lands kept years together. Dr C. Malayoram Ecosystem and Upper Kuttanad Ecosystem. Farmers club sponsored by CADR-KVK with financial support from NABARD was started at Pandalam Thekkekara and collective operations was done by Padashekara Samathis of different rice cultivating areas (Padashekaram) in mechanized transplanting. M: 09847298918 45 .6 t to 5. farmers were given choice of selection of suitable practices from the basket of options such as selection of locally adapted rice varieties.com Ph: 0469-2662094/2753383 Fax: 0469-2662094 Ph: 0469-2753382 (R). rice is cultivated in Midland. Major reason being rice cultivation becomes less remunerative due to high cost of cultivation forcing farmers to leave rice fields fallow for years making it difficult for revival.0 ha was covered farmers of Pandalam Thekkekara with the financial assistance from Deptartment of Agriculture. KVK Pathanamthitta introduced Integrated Crop Management (ICM) practices to reduce cost of cultivation of rice. Thadiyoor.2 t/ha.I n Pathanamthitta district. Konny and Kulanada Panchayaths of this district in 4 ha and State Rice Seed Farm in Pullad taken up ICM cultivation in 0. ICM practices were initially tested at Kuttor panchayath of Pulikezhu Block of Pathanamthitta district in 2007-08 by a group of 11 women SHG members. Apart from this ICM technology was taken up in Ranny. Salient Features • Brought down seed rate from 65-80 Kg/ha to 12 kg/ha in manual ICM transplanting and 30 kg/ha in mechanized transplanting • Brought down nursery area from 1000 m2/ha to 20m2/ha in manual ICM and 40 m2 in mechanized transplanting • Used Tricho-cards for control of pest like leaf folder and stem borer replacing chemical pesticides application • Reduced fer tilizer application by 18. crop need based nutrient application.P.8 t/ha which is not remunerative.O.25 %. Tiruvalla District Pathanamthitta-689545 Email: cardkvk@yahoo. Robert Programme Coordinator Krishi Vigyan Kendra. Upper Kuttanad area where mainly rice is cultivated covers 6 panchayaths that forms the part of rice bowl of Kerala. During 2009-10 to counteract labour shortage. reaper.4 ha by which they increased the production from 2. irrigation scheduling.

Transplanted Redgram Gave Bonus 46 KVK Bidar. Karnataka .

Koppal. P. To address this.83 crore.O.71% to 138% increase in yield with transplanting technology when compared to farmers practice. farmers facing with low productivity of redgram with a yield gap of 1871 kg/ha. Shri Basantrao Patil (09481059785) from Ganganbeed village under Aurad taluq. Shri Chandrappa Biradar (09449138532) from Ghodampalli village under Bidar taluq. Shri Manik Deshmukh (09923439091) from Nimbur village under Humanabad taluq. The same technology was popularized through frontline demonstrations during 2006-2007 wherein recorded an average yield of 34. However.48 crore. Even under irrigated conditions transplanted redgram emerged as a solution for alternate crop for distressed sugarcane farmers in the district wherein they got a net profit of Rs 114500/ha with redgram as compared to Rs 60000/ha with sugarcane. Box 58 District Bidar-585 401 Email: kvkbidar@rediffmail. Haveri. Shri Gurulingappa Meladoddi (09343001275) from Hudagi village. Shri Gurunath Nande (09591629991) from Uraki village under Basavakalyan taluq are few successful farmers in Bidar district. Rs 24. Bijapur. B Salient Features • Standardized seed to seed package of practices for transplanted redgram • Transplanted method advanced sowing of redgram that minimized pod borer damage • It enhanced deep rooting there by withstand against drought • It saved input cost in the form of less seed rate. Deshmukh Programme Coordinator Krishi Vigyan Kendra. less plant protection etc • Increased 2-3 fold yield due to profuse branching • Tailor made technology for small and marginal farmers Due to transplanted technology. C. redgram and bengalgram grown in 206717 ha. Then. Transplanted redgram started growing in Bidar district in an area of 400 ha in 2007-08 which was followed by 2000 ha in 2008-09 and 4000 ha in 2009-10 and harvested with the value of produce Rs 3.5 q/ha in check plots. Yadgir in Karnataka and other states like Maharashtra and Andhra Pradesh.8q/ha against 15. KVK conducted trials on assessment of transplanted redgram during 2004-2006 and standardized the transplanting method of redgram.94 crore and Rs 54. greengram.idar district is considered as pulse bowl of Karnataka wherein pulses like blackgram. Gulbarga. From three years data of frontline demonstrations. M: 09480696318 47 . the share of redgram is 65642 ha.com Ph: 08482-244155 Fax: 08482-244155 Ph: 08482-225830 (R). respectively. it was found that there was 69. Among these pulses. Dr Ravi. living standard of redgram farmers is changing in pulse bowl of Karnataka. Thanks to KVK Bidar to show the hidden potentiality of redgram by way of transplanting method.Transplanting of redgram has become talk of the day and spread technology to other districts like Bagalkot. KVK Bidar organized interface meet between farmers and KVK team wherein emerged the idea of transplanting of redgram. Raichur.

Crop Diversification with Groundnut Gained Success 48 KVK South Tripura. Tripura .

U Salient Features • Introduced improved varieties of groundnut and utilized fallow upland areas • Substantial yield increase of improved variety over local • Use of low input and less management problems compared to rice and maize • Created a great awareness among the farmer and groundnut is being expanded in uplands With the introduction of groundnut along with modern agronomic practices. Birchandramanu South Tripura-799144 Email: singh_ak30@rediffmail.O. Battali. Two farmers namely.88.16 ha. At present.com kvksouthtripura@rediffmail. Mogpushkarini etc villages through series of activities. Dudhpushkarini. farmers of South Tripura are selling groundnut seeds @ Rs 35-45 per kg in the local market and earning up to Rs 66500 per ha with a Benefit Cost Ratio of 2.pland rice crop in South Tripura district is not remunerative because of low yield ranging between 650-934 kg/ha. KVK South Tripura introduced groundnut variety ICGV-86590 in South Takmacherra. number of farmers and area increased from 7 to 71 ha and 1. Santirbazar.com Ph: 03823-252523 Fax: 03823-252523.com icarkvk_stripuraa@rediffmail. M: 09856033391 49 . groundnut varieties of ICGS-76 and GG-20 were cultivated by number of farmers and they got yield up to 350 kg from 0. Subsequently. more than 7 q of seeds were supplied to the farmers for expansion of groundnut in the district. in 3 years (2006-2009). They sold the produces as seed to the neighbouring villages and earned an income of Rs 10000-12000 per season from just 0. In the year 2006-08. Manpathar. Shri Anand Mohan Patari of South Takmacherra and Nibaran Debnath of Dudhpushkarni village of the district cultivated groundnut variety ICGV-86590 and they harvested yield up to 300 kg from 0.33%. In the year 2009.2 to 20 ha. Baisnabirchar.16 ha.16 ha of land. Average yield has gone up to 1900 kg/ha and increased in yield over local check (1200 kg/ha) which was 58. Dr Arvind Kumar Singh Programme Coordinator Krishi Vigyan Kendra P. respectively.

Pea Farmers Flourished 50 KVK Thoubal. Manipur .

ea cultivation, whether field or garden has not been a very successful venture in Manipur even though farmers in the state take it up on small scales. In Manipur, whether the pea is grown in field or garden, it is harvested as green pods for culinary/vegetable purpose without much profit. KVK Thoubal introduced a very innovative method of cultivation of garden pea. Main features of this technology are wide spacing (2 x 2 ft), spare staking with GI wire and nylon thread netting and utilizing the space between two plots of pea by taking up intercrops. The method was assessed and a few modifications were made in plot orientation, fertilizer dose and method of application, giving a very high yield and Benefit Cost Ratio reaching up to 4.8. Method was demonstrated at ten different locations successfully and was popularised through different media. With an intercrop of cabbage, Benefit Cost Ratio increased to 11:1. Seeing the success of the method, farmers adopted up to 0.5 ha individually. Shri E.Rajen Singh (9856114191) of Warakhong, Shri W.Koklei Singh (9862122089)

P

Salient Features
• Used less seed • Enabled intercropping, relay cropping, and crop rotation • Practiced minimum tillage • Yield advantage achieved up to 53% over farmers practice • Adopted in large scale • Achieved higher green pod yield with Benefit Cost Ratio of 4.8

of Wabagai, Shri K.Jayanta Singh (9856116949) of Wabagai are some of the successful farmers of Thoubal district. Shri Sapam Lukhoi Singh has taken up truthfully labelled seed production of pea to meet the increasing demand under the guidance of KVK.

Dr S. Nimaichand Singh Programme Coordinator Krishi Vigyan Kendra, Thoubal Wangbal Rice Research Station Director of Agriculture, Govt. of Manipur District Thoubal-795001 Email: kvkthoubal@gmail.com, onobo.singh@gmail.co Ph: 03848-201559 Fax:03848-201559

51

Soybean Replaced Drilled Rice

52

KVK Tapi, Gujarat

ow income from drilled rice, a staple food, due to high investment on seed, labour and non-availability of life saving irrigation resulted in un-economical farming for farmers in Tapi, Surat and Dangs districts of eastern tribal hilly region of Gujarat. KVK Tapi organized farmers-scientists interface meet wherein KVK and tribal farmers discussed the scope of diversified farming in these districts. The aim was to enhance the income of farmers by replacing drilled rice with cash crop soybean. Farmers were not aware about the improved agro techniques with respect to soybean as it is a new introduction in the tribal area. KVK trained farmers on soybean cultivation and introduced cv GS-2 of soybean in place of drilled rice in the villages of three districts namely, Tapi, Narmada and Dangs through organization of 100 demonstrations covering 40 ha belonging to 100 farmers during 2007-08. Crop was given balanced dose of fertilizer and protected from insect pests using integrated pest management practices. Increase in income due to soybean cultivation over drilled rice ranged Rs 17000 to 20000/ ha, which was 58% higher than drilled rice crop. Soybean was also found to be replacing the dietary system of villagers due to training on protein enrichment by soybean.

L

Salient Features
• Less investment for labour for weeding • Less water requirement due to deep rooting • Saving in seed, fer tilizers and pesticides • Being leguminous crop is highly suitable crop rotation with cereals and vegetables • Gave profit of Rs17000-20000/ha over drilled rice which was 58% more income • Replaced 50% area of drilled rice in 3 districts

Farmers perceived that the cultivation of soybean is highly remunerative owing to less labour requirement for weeding, less investment on fertilizers and pesticides and less requirement for water in comparison to drilled rice. Inspired by the performance of crop, many farmers purchased seed from FLD farmers and replaced the drilled rice with this variety during 2008-09. It has been observed that 50% area under drilled rice has been replaced by soybean cv GS-2 by 2009-10 in these districts. The venture on crop diversification has not only improved the production but also changed the socio-economic status of tribal farmers in the hilly region.

Dr Nikulsinh Madhusinh Chauhan Programme Coordinator Krishi Vigyan Kendra Navasari Agricultural University Unai Road, Vyara, District Tapi,Gujarat, India Email: kvkvyara@yhoo.co.in Ph: 02626-221869 02626-221869/220212 M: 09427868668

53

Profit Oriented Rice-Wheat Sequence

54

KVK Anantnag, Jammu & Kashmir

T

raditional rice based cropping systems (rice-fallow and rice-oats) could hardly meet the minimum basic requirements of daily life of the farming families in Anantnag district. On an average, a net profit of Rs 40660 and Rs51882/ha was realized from rice-fallow and rice-oats cropping patterns, respectively. Compared to this, rice-wheat sequence gave total returns of Rs109524 with a net profit of Rs 61136/ha. Thus, an additional income of Rs 20447 and Rs 9254 could be realized with rice-wheat sequence over rice-fallow and rice-oats cropping pattern, respectively. In order to disseminate rice-wheat sequence among farmers of the district, KVK Anantnag conducted frontline demonstrations in 18.2 ha area of 65 farmers/ farmwomen during last 3 years. A total of 22 field days were also organized involving around 2000 farmers/farmwomen.

Salient Features
• Rice-wheat sequence gave an income of Rs109524 with a net profit of Rs 61136/ ha • Rice-wheat sequence gave an additional profit of Rs 20447 and Rs 9254 over rice-fallow and rice-oats cropping systems, respectively • Increased the availability of cat tle and poultry feed with rice-wheat sequence

Successful results of the demonstrations conducted on rice-wheat sequence particularly with respect to the timely maturity of wheat crop attracted other farmers of these villages to adopt this sequence. About1100 farmers from the same village and also in other villages in the vicinity have adopted rice-wheat sequence.

Dr Mohd Amin Zargar Programme Coordinator Krishi Vigyan Kendra, Pombay Anantnag-192101 Email: kvkanantnag@rediffmail.com Ph: 01931-213492 Fax: 01931-213492-228346 Ph: 01931-213492 (R), M: 09906616078

55

Biogas Slurry Doubled Rice Productivity

56

KVK West Garo Hills, Meghalaya

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est Garo Hills district of Meghalaya is covering about 42472 ha under rice of which sali paddy grown in 17354 ha with the productivity of 1.22 t/ha which is lower than national average productivity of 2.15 t/ ha. However, yield gap is about 9.3 q/ha in paddy. Productivity of low land rice is very low as compared to other parts of the country due to non-application or hesitation to apply chemical fertilizers to increase the productivity of lowland rice. KVK West Garo Hills introduced biogas slurry in Sali rice through a series of activities during 2006-08. Farmers obtained an average yield of 51.0 q/ha with the biogas slurry as against 28 q/ha in farmers practice. Farmers got a net return of Rs 26000/ha and Benefit Cost Ratio of 3.1 from biogas slurry + lime application against the net return of Rs 12750/ha and Benefit Cost Ratio of 2.5 in farmers practice. Shri Haradhan Mahanta (09436708122) from Puthimari village in CD block Betasing of West Garo Hills district is acting as contact farmer to fellow farmers in the district.

Salient Features
• With biogas slurry, paddy variety Aghoni bora yielded 51 q/ha against existing farmers practice yield of 28 q/ha • Obser ved less insect-pest and diseases incidence • Sustained soil fer tility and environmental health • Fetched net profit of Rs 26000/ha with Benefit Cost Ratio of 3.1

Mr A.S. Singh Programme Coordinator Krishi Vigyan Kendra Tura, Sangsangiri, P.O. Dobasipara District West Garo Hills-794005 Email: shyam_westgaro@rediffmail.com kvk_tura@yahoo.com Ph: 03651-222535 Fax: 03651-222535 Ph: 03651- 223723 (R), M: 09436112118

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Impact of Frenchbean Intercropping with Sugarcane 58 KVK Bijnor. Uttar Pradesh .

productivity of frenchbean also increased from 90 q/ha (2004-05) to 140 q/ha (2008-09) with an increase in net income from Rs 13750/ha in 2004-05 to Rs 48500/ha in 2008-09. Then. Rice Research Station Nagina. Farmers are growing sugarcane as a sole crop over a large area and due to mono-cropping productivity and income per unit land is very low. They were trained at KVK on different aspects of intercropping. sugarcane has status of main crop and productivity of sugarcane in the district is 641q/ha which is very low in comparison to national average. KVK introduced inter cropping of sugarcane with frenchbean on interested farmers fields to disseminate this system among the farmers. Similarly. Plant protection measures and weed Dr Satish Kumar Programme Coordinator Krishi Vigyan Kendra. Due to the extensive efforts and guidance of KVK. Haridwar and Dehradun.nagina@gmail. farmers are taking keen interest in sugarcane + frenchbean intercropping. improper fertilization and indiscriminative plant protection measures.8 ha in 2004-05 to 24. income and to reduce the risk factors of marginal and small sugarcane growing farmers and a survey was conducted to explore the possibilities of intercropping with sugarcane.S ugarcane is an important cash crop of mid western plain zone which occupies nearly 70 % of cultivated land. the area and productivity under sugarcane + frenchbean system is increasing year by year.8 ha in 2008-09. District Bijnour-246762 Email: sathish. Now they are very well aware about synergistic effect of intercropping system. Salient Features • KVK introduced frenchbean as an inter crop in sugarcane • Frontline demonstrations on sugarcane + french bean intercropping were conducted • Area and productivity under sugarcane + frenchbean system is increased there by increased net income of the farmers management practices applied for frenchbean has direct impact on sugarcane yield. During 2004-05. They are growing frenchbean without additional supply of fertilizer. Thus.com Ph: 01343-250489 01343-250489 M: 09412311504 59 . Farmers are selling their intercrop produce in the mandis of Naziababad. Kotdwar. productivity. Main constraints of low productivity were old variety. Farmers from 6 villages have adopted this system and area under sugarcane + frenchbean system is gradually increasing from 0. It was found that some of the marginal and small farmers were growing frenchbean in small pockets with the low productivity. IPM. KVK Bijnor took the opportunity with an objective to increase the production. varietal importance and economics. In district Bijnor. fertilizer management.

Precision Farming Pride for Farmers 60 KVK Puducherry. Puducherry .

a farmer of village Pandasozhanallur. Though the crop suffered during the initial period of two months with incessant rains the farmer could manage to obtain 45 MT of brinjal up to May 2010 and could get a gross income of Rs 4. Shri A. Kurumbapet Puducherry-605 009 Email: pondicherrykvk@yahoo.00 ha with brinjal variety Ujjala and raised the crop during October 2009. Farmer has keen to organize his fellow farmers into a group farming Puducherry Precision Farming Farmers Association for which he remains as the President.in Ph: 0413-2271352/2271292 Fax: 0413-2279758 Ph: 0413-2206666 (R). He used brinjal varieties Koyembedu/ Panrutti which fetches an appreciable price in the market. Puducherry adopted precision farming in his farm under the technical backstopping of KVK.8 ha during September 2008 and harvested 150 MT of Brinjal up to March 2009.co. Shri Batcha .VK Puducherry introduced precision farming through a series of activities. M: 09443235329/09442502109 61 . The farmer could get a gross income to the tune of Rs 12 lakh within six months by selling produce. He used the brinjal seedlings raised in protrays obtained from Hitech Nursery at Madagadipet.75 Lakh. As a first step. He cultivated brinjal with precision farming technology. K Salient Features • Introduced precision farming in Puducherry with 100% financial suppor t from the Government of Puducherry • Shri Batcha successfully adopted the precision farming and cultivated brinjal crop by seedlings raised in protrays • Within six months. He shares his experiences as a resources person in meetings organized by KVK for the benefit of the fellow farmers. Convinced by the success of the technology he has expanded the area further to another 1. Nettapakkam Commune. Then he was technically guided in establishing the drip and fertigation structures at 100% subsidy by the Government of Puducherry. Shri Batcha obtained a gross income of Rs 14 lakh from 0.8 ha land under precision farming • Precision farming created employment to rural women Interesting to note that his only son Shri Jayaprakash an IT professional who was working at Chennai has moved from Chennai to Puducherry to assist his father in farming as he is confident that precision farming undertaken with appropriate market tie-up will be more remunerative than IT industry. KVK enrolled him as a beneficiary under Puducherry Precision Farming Project during 2008. He raised the crop in an area of 0. Ramamourti Programme Coordinator Krishi Vigyan Kendra.

Relay Cropping Pleased Vegetable Growers 62 KVK Saharanpur. Uttar Pradesh .

Shri Singh has 5. Shri Sethpal Singh has 15 vermicomposting units which he fully utilizes in vegetable crops. Whole process of cultivation was under taken under close supervision of KVK. For bitter gourd plants stacking was done in the field at a cost of Rs 25000 with the help of bamboo and plastic wires.0 ha in three parts and after filling the water in 2. seedlings of Singhara were sown at right places. S Salient Features • Singhara was cultivar in a field which had 2/5 feet height bund all around • Within a shor t span of 2 years.com praveen_1966@yahoo.5 ha land and he mainly cultivates rice. Shri Sethpal Singh has 4 brothers. About 50 farmers have adopted the intensive vegetable cultivation after motivation by visiting the field of Shri Sethpal Singh. bottle gourd was planted which gave fruits from October to December with a net profit of Rs 77000.5 feet bunded fields. He put the Singhara seedlings during May so that he could sell in the market during November to June. Shri Singh divided his field of 1. Fenugreek was sown during last week of January which was harvested green during March with a net profit of Rs 53000. After that Shri Sethpal Singh visited KVK Saharanpur and discussed about its feasibility. Dr Praveen Kumar Singh Programme Coordinator Krishi Vigyan Kendra. wheat and sugarcane. During August.0 ha area. From one 1.com Ph: 0132-2664480 M: 09411078115 63 .5 feet height bund all around. After that the field was divided in two equal parts where french bean and lobia were sown in first week of April on raised bed and green pods were harvested during June which gave a net profit of Rs 56000. Numaish Camp New Gopal Nagar District Saharanpur-247001 Email: saharanpurkvk@gmail. By relay cropping system of vegetable (singhara – fenugreek – french bean + lobia – bitter gourd – bottle gourd – spinach) a net profit of Rs 353300 was obtained in two years which was higher than rice – wheat – sugarcane rotation under traditional cultivation. Quality of vegetable is such that whole sellers book the vegetables in advance on premium price. After harvesting of Singhara. water was drained out and biomass was ploughed in the field which increased the fertility level of field. Shri Sethpal Singh saw a television programme where a farmer successfully cultivated Singhara in a field which has 2. Under the KVK guidance. block Baliakheri of district Saharanpur has set an example of intensive vegetable production technology. a net profit of Rs 110000 was obtained in 5-6 months. a net profit of Rs 353300 was obtained by relay cropping system of vegetable (singhara – fenugreek – french bean + lobia – bit ter gourd – bot tle gourd – spinach) • Adopted intensive vegetable cultivation by the farmers as they pleased the profits from a piece of land Bitter gourd started fruiting from June to mid September with a net profit of Rs 38500.hri Sethpal Singh a young farmer of village Nandifirozpur. During January first week spinach was sown in the field and harvested green during February/March with a net profit of Rs 52000. Quality of Singhara was excellent because of clean and quality water. Meanwhile in the month of February bitter gourd seeds were sown in polythene bags and then transplanted on raised beds where lobia and french bean were sown. out of them three are government servants and one Shri Ram Kumar assists him in farming.

Assam .Production Practices Promoted Tomato Productivity 64 KVK Chirang.

cole crops etc .O. pest management etc of various field and vegetable crops and provided with all necessary technical guidance. high yielding varieties and improved crop management practices were introduced in his area. Knowledge on irrigation water application is not sufficient as some farmers apply irrigation without considering critical stages. he could hardly manage to fulfill his family needs from agriculture. Although. fertility management.M d. moisture stress condition at different stages of Salient Features • Tomato variet y Avinash 2 yielded 600 q/ha under recommended irrigation management practice against 487.. Bongaigaon (Chirang) entered into his village for transfer of agricultural technologies and identified Md Sukur Ali as one of its beneficiary for various demonstrations and training programmes. Agriculture and horticulture were the major components of his farming system. that a newly established KVK.5 q/ha under conventional crop • Application of 6 cm irrigation water at 10-12 days interval to maintain required soil moisture status resulted in 23% higher yield than the conventional practice • Gave a net profit of Rs 256542 per ha with Benefit Cost Ratio of 6. Md Sukur Ali is now a happy man with a secured future through agriculture and also becomes an inspiration for many farmers. Although. He was not well aware of HYVs and scientific methods of cultivation which debarred him from adopting new technologies as well rainfed farming situation also contributed to lower crop yield. Sukur Ali is a middle aged resident of Alengmari village of Bijni sub division of newly formed Chirang district who took up agriculture as his profession and livelihood long back. He was trained in new technologies such as nursery management. land preparation. lentil.com Ph: 03664-243775 M: 09435120552 65 . brinjal. weed management. he adopted irrigation management in 1. He paid full attention to tomato crop and harvested an yield of 600 q/ha which resulting 23% higher yield than conventional practice and earned a net profit of Rs 256542/ha against Rs 203292 with conventional practice. methods as well as depth of irrigation.0 ha during 2008-09 under the guidance of KVK. tomato. transplanting. This has created awareness among the farmers of Alengmari village as how important irrigation at critical stages of crop growth and depth of irrigation. Dr Sunil Kumar Paul Programme Coordinator Krishi Vigyan Kendra. Major portion of his area is medium in situation. Considering the necessity of water application in tomato. Tomato is an important vegetable crop of his locality grown during winter season. It was in 2008. District Chirang-783385 Email: kvkbngn@gmail. he preferred rice cultivation during kharif season as rainfed followed by rabi crops such as toria. however.9 crop growth often leads to lower crop yield. he got involved with various agricultural activities throughout the year. therefore. Bongaigaon Kajalgaon P.

Assam .Potato Productivity Enhanced by Contract Farming 66 KVK Dhubri.

Salient Features • Promotion of the concept of contract farming • CFP provided bet ter availability of production inputs at farm.250083 67 . After a successful harvest. Satber Bilasipara Ward No.business hub • Mobilized higher credit flow to agriculture Contract farming experience motivated farmers further to work in groups for gaining collective strength. Such attempts could be of paramount significance to the resource-poor farmers of North Eastern India for stabilizing their occupation with agriculture. 1) District Dhubri-783348 Email: sarat-hort@rediffmail.O Bilasipara (P. KVK Dhubri introduced Contract Farming Programme (CFP) in 2007. But farmers are not getting remuneration from potato cultivation because of unorganized production as well as marketing system.based Contract Farming Company (CFC). occurrence of a market glut created a situation of distress sale of potato. Contract Farming Programme amply demonstrated its role in improving the rural livelihood with minimization of risk and opened up avenues for transforming farmers to become entrepreneurs. during that year. In continuation. Notably.B. No. 6 P. AAU Bilasipara. contract farmers got rid of adversity by dint of buy-back arrangement with a pre-determined price @ Rs 4000/t and it has clearly shown the advantage that farmers got through contract farming.D hubri district of Assam has tremendous potential for potato cultivation due to favourable soil and climatic conditions. financial institution SBI and 3000 selected potato growers targeting a production system of about 400 ha. group activity comprehensively oriented the different stakeholders to the elements of organized farming for assured reaping of benefits. TPS growers opted for cold storage of TPS tuber lets to be used as seed material in next season.08 in collaboration with state. As a result of which. KVK provided the technical input and guided for the development of a operational business model to fulfill the interest of all stakeholders. Under such situation.com Ph: 03667. KVK has trained enthusiastic young farmers on seed production of potato using TPS technology in 2009-10. Dr Sarat Saikia Programme Coordinator Krishi Vigyan Kendra. Besides. Dhubri. Established Agri-clinic and Agri-service Centres in the villages under the technical guidance and support of CFC. potato crop exhibited horizontal spread accompanied by intensification of cold storage activities by farmers groups in 2008-09. minimization of market risk and assurance of farm income • Opened avenues for potato seed production • Developed rural agri-entrepreneurship and rural agri. But.

Uttar Pradesh .Crop Diversification Uphold Livelihood Security 68 KVK Jaunpur.

e. owns only 1.2 ha along with traditional farming in kharif. By observing such a success and prosperity achieved by Shri Singh. hybrid tomato was planned in 8.0 ha by 42 farmers in October after harvesting of kharif maize.2 in 19 ha. he was unable to get desired income for livelihood and for education of his children. He basically follows traditional cropping system i. while he gained a net profit of Rs 124500 from same piece of land by crop diversification. 72 farmers started the planting of chilli variety K. 2007.4 ha). KVK has created significant impact on crop diversification among farmers.com drsingh_2009@india. Looking the interest and curiosity among farmers of near by villages. Farmer has kept a crossbred cow for milk production and few bee boxes for honey production as per guidance given by KVK. Further.2 ha) was cultivated by wheat. through which he can fulfill his family needs. In kharif . final picking of chilli was followed by cucurbits (0. 5 Self Help Groups were formed with 81 members from 5 villages. 2007.2 ha) and rest half area (0. maize (0. half of the plot was grown by hybrid tomato (0. Dr Tribhawan Singh Programme Coordinator Krishi Vigyan Kendra. other farmers motivated and came into contact Salient Features • KVK motivated farmers for the adoption of crop diversification • Farmers included vegetables in their traditional faming as diversified crops to increase their income and ensure livelihood security • Net profit of Rs 124500/ha by using crop diversification • Five Self Help Groups were formed with 81 members from 5 villages and doing farming with crop diversification with KVK. As a result. Similarly. Pigeonpea field was covered through out the year. pigeonpea) in one cropping year. Thus. he started transplanting of green chilli in 0. 2009. after harvesting maize plot.4 ha) and pigeonpea (0.4 ha) in zaid in chilli plot. Similarly. KVK organized training courses and group discussions in villages for providing information regarding new technologies to enhance the production and economics as well as to ensure better livelihood of the small and marginal farmers of the area.S hri Akhand Pratap Singh who belonged to a middle class family living in village Dugaulikala of Badlapur block in Jaunpur district of Uttar Pradesh.0 ha cultivated land for farming. Krishi Bhavan Politechnic Chauraha District Jaunpur-222002 Email: kvkjnp@rediffmail.2 ha). Under the leadership of Shri Singh. As a first step.A. Through this system.com M: 09450575746 69 . he got an yield of 18 q green chilli with a net profit of Rs 34000. Usually farmer could earn a net profit of Rs 23200 only by using traditional farming (maize-wheat. he cultivated chilli (0. maize-wheatpigeonpea. Shri Singh participated in different training programmes of KVK Jaunpur and adopted diversified farming from kharif. In next kharif . 2008.

Tensiometer Saved Irrigation Water 70 KVK Sangrur. Punjab .

it is again filled with distilled water. They were successful in saving 20% more water in rice with the help of Tensiometer. make a 15-20 cm deep hole in the soil with the help of a tube of similar dimensions.com Ph: 01672. To know the suction in soil. Put the soil solution in the hole and insert Tensiometer in the hole so that the ceramic cup should be deep in the solution. farm women. It is a simple instrument consisting of ceramic cup. Dr Jagdish Grover Programme Coordinator Krishi Vigyan Kendra Kheri. rural youth and extension personnel during the last four years. For the convenience of farmers to easily read instrument. District Sangrur-148001 Email: isingh2060@gmail. Ceramic cup having small holes is attached with the gauge with the help of transparent tube and filled with distilled water.245320 M: 09465821922. S Salient Features • Tensiometer saves 15-20% irrigation water with intermit tent irrigation at inter val of 2 days without any adverse effect on crop yield • Tensiometer technology is simple to use and convinced farmers to adopt in large scale • Achieved water conser vation by use of Tensiometer technology especially in rice crop KVK Sangrur disseminated tensiometer technology in different districts of Punjab through organisation of training programmes on Tensiometer for farmers. If the water inside small tube remains in green strip then there is no need of irrigation to rice and it is needed only when its level goes down to yellow strip. organized demonstrations on this technology at farmers fields.uccessful production of rice needs more water than any other crop.245320 Fax: 01672. Soil solution is put in hole to avoid infiltration of water from the cup. transparent tube and gauge. the gauge is read after sun rise in the morning and water is applied to crop only after reading is 150 cm. two coloured strips are used instead of a gauge. Method of irrigation in rice was refined by applying water in rice field two days after complete percolation of water which resulted in 34% saving of water. Before fitting the Tensiometer in the soil. Scientists of Punjab Agricultural University tried to develop suitable irrigation methods as well as to quantify the amount of water to be applied to rice crop for saving precious nature’s gift. Further. 09855321902 71 . Effort of KVK and development departments have shown the positive change among farmers and they are practicing Tensiometer technology realizing the concern of water saving especially in rice crop due to depleting water table year by year. When water level in the tube decreases below 2 cm.

Regulated Irrigation Boosted Toria Yield 72 KVK Chirang. Assam .

com Ph: 03664-243775 M: 09435120552 73 . Kajalgaon. Bongaigaon P. In fact. cole crops etc . he got involved with various agricultural activities throughout the year. Shri Parimal Mahapatra adopted irrigation management in toria during 200708 under the technical guidance of KVK. he is a middle aged resident of Matiapara village of Bijni sub division of newly formed Chirang district who took up agriculture as his profession and livelihood few years back. moisture stress condition at the later stages of crop growth often leads to unfilled siliqua and poor crop yield.5 q/ha under recommended irrigation management practice against 10 q/ha under conventional crop • One irrigation (6 cm) at silqua development stage resulted in 35% higher yield than the conventional practice • Gave a net profit of Rs 24753/ha with Benefit Cost Ratio of 2. KVK Bongaigaon (Chirang) introduced irrigation management in toria by organization of demonstrations in farmers field. however.oria is most important oilseed crop of Bijni sub division of newly formed Chirang district grown during winter season. Major portion of his area is medium in situation. he preferred rice cultivation during kharif season as rainfed followed by rabi crops such as toria. He harvested a crop yield of 13q/ha with irrigation management technology resulting 35% higher yield than conventional practice and earned a net profit of Rs 24753/ha against Rs15300 with conventional practice. tomato. Although. District Chirang-783385 Email: kvkbngn@gmail. It has created awareness among the farmers of Matiapara village as how important irrigation at critical stages of toria. Although. therefore. high yielding varieties and improved crop management practices of toria were introduced in the area. He also cultivated summer vegetables and summer blackgram in some parts of upland. brinjal.92 of his farming system. Agriculture and horticulture were major components T Salient Features • Toria variety TS-36 yielded 13. he could hardly manage to fulfill his family needs from agriculture few years back. This problem is further aggravated due to late sowing of crop as most of the farmers cultivate toria crop after harvesting of long duration rice varieties.O. Now he is a happy farmer with a secured future through agriculture and also becomes an inspiration for many farmers. Knowledge on irrigation water application is not sufficient as some farmers apply irrigation without considering critical stages as well as depth of irrigation. Dr Sunil Kumar Paul Programme Coordinator Krishi Vigyan Kendra.

Sikkim .Management Enhanced Productivity of Orange Orchards 74 KVK South Sikkim.

After 1 year it was observed that most of the plants turned healthy and bearing of fruits were more and fruit dropping was minimized.com Ph: 03592-241398 Fax: 03592-241398 M: 09434382519 75 . Total cost of management for 15 ha of orchard comes to Rs 427000 including all inputs and labour and achieved a net return of Rs 2000000 which shows that there was a drastic increase in the yield. KVK South Sikkim carried out programme on management of orange orchards in Turuk village in South Sikkim. 25 light traps were kept in the village near the orchards for the control of white grubs. L. Farmers were given training-cum-demonstration on training and pruning of the orchard and application of organic manure and organic fertilizers. About 25 farmers covering 15 ha of orchards were taken as OFTs. Dorjee Programme Coordinator Krishi Vigyan Kendra. From this data one can easily make out that the climate of South Sikkim is very favorable for orange cultivation. Further.740 q and productivity of 1881 kg/ha. South Sikkim Namthang. District South Sikkim-737137 Email: kvknamthang@gmail. Programme started right after the harvest of crop. However. For the control of fruit flies and white grubs. Mrs Sherab. Farmers were provided with pruning saw for cutting disease and dieback twigs and branches.range (Sikkim mandarin) is one of the most important cash crops of Sikkim. 4 pheromone traps were hung in O Salient Features • Management of old and senile orchards through pruning of dieback branches • Application of CPP paste on the tree trunk • Controlling stem borer by blocking the holes with kerosene • Hanging of pheromone and light traps in the middle of orchard for the control of fruit flies between 100 trees. most of the orchards are becoming old and senile due to poor management. diseases and pest. Area under orange in the state is 6298 ha with production of 1662 MT and productivity of 1664 kg/ha and that of South Sikkim is 925 ha with production of 1. Farmers were trained in making Cow Pat Pit (CPP) for pasting the trunk of the orange trees. Main problem in the reduction of yield was due to fruit dropping which is caused by fruit flies.

Rejuvenated Khasi Mandarin Orchards by Prodcution Technologies 76 KVK Tinsukia. Assam .

Assam Agricultural University. District Tinsukia-786126 Email: amalchandra_sarmah@yahoo. However. T Salient Features • Pruning. CRS Campus Gelapukhuri Road. Tinsukia district produces the highest quantity of Khasi mandarin having largest area under it. reduced pest and diseases. Khasi mandarin growers rejuvenated their Khasi mandarin orchards and raised the income to the tune of Rs 22500 to Rs 30000/ha. Farmers were adopted production technologies including the crop protection measures developed by Citrus Research Station. Amongst the various districts of North East India. As a result. diseased and pest infected branches and parasitic plants • Correction of soil pH by applying lime and proper nutrient management • Management of Phy tophthora foot rot by soil drenching and spraying of tree trunk • Smearing of tree trunk up to one meter from the ground level by the mix ture of 50 ml Endosulfan + 2 kg lime in 10 liters of water • Average yield increased in rejuvenated orchards by 25 % Dr Amal Chandra Sharma Programme Coordinator Krishi Vigyan Kendra. improved plant health and increased yield of the declining Khasi mandarin orchards. it became a major concern due to sharp progressive decline in production and area under Khasi mandarin during the last few years in the district. Khasi mandarin is very famous for its superior quality. training and cleaning to remove unwanted.co. KVK Tinsukia imparted training on production technologies of Khasi mandarin to the farmers from 4 divisions of the district. Recent survey report of the State Agriculture Department revealed that there was a record increase of over 20% area under Khasi mandarin in the district during the last five years.insukia district is situated in prime zone for production of Khasi mandarin. Tinsukia in their declining Khasi mandarin orchards. Farmers got 25 % more yield due to adoption of production technologies.in Ph: 0374-2300768 Fax:0374-2300768 M: 09435523760 77 .

Tuberose Women Empowered 78 KVK Mysore. Karnataka .

from KVK and other line departments and established Triveni SHG consisting of 15 women members with the financial assistance in the form of loan from Infra Sys Eco Management Pvt.n Mysore district. Bangalore. Besides. Taluq Nanjangud District Mysore-571129 Email: jsskvk_1994@rediffmail. Bengalure. Ms Rajamma. tuberose is grown as a major flower crop in 1100 ha.4 ha under the guidance of KVK in 2006 and she earned Rs 30000/year. KVK Mysore introduced improved variety of tuberose Arka Shrinagar released by Indian Institute of Horticultural Research. they are providing employment opportunities to rural women by engaging them for harvesting of flowers especially during peak season of the crop.. Suttur.. raised from toe to two wheeler and created self employment for other farm women • She was recognized as techno agent • Each member of Triveni SHG earned @ Rs 3000/month by cultivation of tuberose on leased land • Farm women got socio-economic empowerment through tuberose cultivation • Improved variet y of tuberose is now adopted by many farmers in 2 blocks of Mysore where it is mostly being cultivated. daughter of Shri Parashivappa of Jeemarhalli village of Nanjangud taluk in Mysore. They are harvesting yield range berween 5-6 t/ha based on the season. Out of which 95 % of the area occupied in T Narsipur and Nanjangud taluqs and mainly grown in medium black soil. Ltd.0 ha leased land with the technical backstopping from KVK and they are producing tuberose flowers year round. Group is selling flowers with wide range between Rs 60-150/kg as per the demand in local market. they are not getting remuneration from tuberose cultivation mainly due to growing local varieties. Dr Arun Balamatti Programme Coordinator Krishi Vigyan Kendra. adopted tuberose cultivation in 0. she worked as techno agent linking fellow farmers to get subsidy/training/SHG formation etc. maximum of 10-20 gunts cultivation by each farmer and increase of labour wages especially for flower harvest. In recent times. group is continuing tube rose cultivation. Predominantly tuberose is cultivated by farmers for loose flowers. the highest price they get during festival and marriage seasons. more production in summer and less production in winter. With the leadership of Ms Rajamma and constant guidance of KVK. With this background. Group had taken up tube rose cultivation in 2. I Salient Features • Ms Rajamma self employed. Further.com Ph: 08221-232218 Fax: 08221-232377 M: 09448832186 79 . On an average each member of group is earning Rs 3000/month.

West Bengal .Sustainable Organic Farming through Vermicomposting 80 KVK Coochbehar.

Swarna. Out of trained personnel. Entire produce is being used by farmers of the district to convert inorganic agriculture into organic. conservation of natural resources and environment as well as to maintain soil health. Shri Dipak Nandi. 326 persons are producing vermicompost either for their own use in farm or small scale marketing. District Coochbehar-736165 Email: tsamajdar@rediffmail. demonstration and feed back analysis. I Salient Features • Vermicompost became an impor tant source of organic farming. Uttarer Sona. Altogether 505 personnel were trained on different aspects of vermicompost production.n the present day agriculture. more and more emphasis is given on increased production and use of organic and bio-nutrients in crop production to minimize the reliance on chemicals. Kisan. Endeavour of KVK Coochbehar greatly facilitated dissemination of organic agriculture as well as creation of income and employment generation through production of vermicompost..com Ph: 03582-270587 Fax: 03582-270587 81 . UBKV Pundibari P. To sensitize farmers and rural youths. KVK took up successive intervention right from selection of target group of respondents to training. Sabuj Sona and Jaibo Ahhar and earning substantial income from the total production of 8706 q of vermicompsot for the period from 2006 to 2008 besides generating 23559 man days employment directly and indirectly. providing oppor tunity for self employment and income generation • Commercial cultivation of vermicompost becoming fast popular in Coochbehar district • Rural youths are successfully producing and selling vermicompost in their own brand name Shri Sujan Biswas Programme Coordinator Krishi Vigyan Kendra.O. Shri Safikul Islam and Smt Pratima are now marketing their produce in the respective brand names viz. five trained youths namely Shri Anup Kumar Moitri. However. Shri Biswajit Roy.

Punjab .Leaf Colour Chart Minimised Over Dose of Nitrogen 82 KVK Sangrur.

KVKs of rice belt in Punjab organized 56 training courses on LCC covering 1065 rice farmers as well as 21 demonstrations in their fields. If out of 10 leaves. They are also unaware of the adverse effects of indiscriminate use of nitrogenous fertilizers that not only pollutes the underground water but also affects the ozone layer which protects us from the ultraviolet rays of the sun.5-22. To know the fertilizer requirement. While using this technique. Strip one has light green colour and strip six has dark green colour.5 kg urea per ha after the last puddling of the field and then apply urea after matching the colour of new top of fully opened leaves of plant with LCC. There are emerging lines on the strips that give the look of a leaf and help in matching the colour with the leaves. it is recommended that apply 62. with the fourth strip of colour chart. By using LCC. Every time select 10 disease free leaves and match the colour of leaves. without plucking them from the plant. As a result of KVKs effort and increasing prices of fertilizers. Keep on matching the colour for 7-10 days. then there is no need to add fertilizer.eaf colour chart (LCC) is the recommended technology for applying proper dosage of nitrogen to rice crop. LCC is a plastic strip of 8"x 3"size. colour of 6 leaves matches L Salient Features • Easy to use LCC • Saving of over dose of urea application by LCC • Gives yield of paddy at par with the conventional method through LCC • LCC can be used as one of the resource conservation technologies with the fourth strip colour. the proper use of nitrogenous fertilizer is possible without affecting crop yield. OFTs conducted on LCC indicated that there was a saving of around 17. six small strips of green colour with different shades are fitted. start matching the colour of leaves after two weeks of transplanting with the fourth number strip.com Ph: 01672-245320 Fax: 01672-245320 Ph: 09465821922 M: 09855321902 83 . Dr Jagdish Grover Programme Coordinator Krishi Vigyan Kendra Kheri. It has been seen that the farmers apply more doses of nitrogenous fertilizer beyond the recommended limits. On this strip. Sangrur-148001 Email: isingh2060@gmail.5 kg of urea per ha when it is applied on the basis of observations of LCC as compared to the traditional methods of fertilizer application. the technology is being disseminated and widely adopted among the rice farmers.

INM Balanced Fertilizer Use 84 KVK Yamuna Nagar. Haryana .

Use of bio-fertilizers was demonstrated at farmers fields in wheat and potato crop during 2005-2006 W Salient Features • Bio-fer tilizers along with balanced use of fer tilizer achieved higher yield • Bio-fer tilizers are low cost inputs and hence resulted in high Benefit Cost Ratio • Being low cost inputs.9 q/ha potato tuber yield over control with incremental Benefit Cost Ratio of 18. grain yield increased by 4. bio-fertilizer application resulted in increase of 21. To narrow down the gap . Inadequate replenishment of nutrients through fertilizers and manures has resulted in widespread nutrient deficiencies. sustainability of the soil and environment was affected adversely.77.com Ph: 01732-282737 Fax: 01732-228962 Ph: 01744-291855 (R).5:1 in the year 2001-2002 which was reduced to 13. Nutrient use ratio between N:P2O5:K2O in Yamuna Nagar was 21. Bio-fertilizers (Azotobactor + Phosphotika) were demonstrated in wheat which resulted in increase in grain yield by 4.It was observed that bio-fertilizers must be used along with balanced use of fertilizer to achieve higher yield. respectively over control. In potato crop. all nutrients must be used in balanced quantity. While in case of wheat and rice. Results indicated that application of potash @ 50 kg K2O/ha and 75 kg K2O/ha increased yield of sugarcane by 7.6 and 3.54 and 5. bio-fer tilizers can be easily adopted by small and marginal farmers • Used potash to correct the ratio of NPK to 2008-2009.86 which increased to 14. As a result.1% over control. use of potash in sugarcane.0 to 5. additional gross return of Rs 1551 to 2484 per ha could be achieved. For most efficient use of fertilizers.41.4%. Incremental Benefit Cost Ratio of 24. they are low cost inputs and hence result in high Benefit Cost Ratio. Incremental Benefit Cost Ratio during 2005-2006 was 8.5%. respectively over control with incremental Benefit Cost Ratio of 2. M: 09896719311 85 . It also indicated that with additional cost of Rs 175/ha in wheat.3:5. Poor soil fertility has become the major cause of low productivity. Moreover.19 during 2008-2009.5:5:1 in the year 2008-2009 whereas in balanced fertilization it should be 4:2:1.5 were observed with 50 and 75 Kg K2O/ha . demand of potash is increasing in district Yamuna Nagar which will ultimately result in narrowing down of N:P:K ratio further. Dr Om Parkash Mehla Programme Coordinator Krishi Vigyan Kendra. Damla District Yamunanagar-135001 Email: sckvkynagar@gmail.8 and 10.ith the intensification of cropping systems and imbalanced use of inputs. Balanced fertilization using bio-fertilizers (low cost input) would also be helpful to sustain crop yield and maintain soil fertility/soil health.2 and 22. wheat and rice was promoted through demonstrations at farmers fields by KVK Yamuna Nagar.

Farmers Elevated Recycling Redgram Stalks 86 KVK Gulbarga. Karnataka .

Thus. Shri Basavaraj Warad (09448204566) from Gola (B) village. KVK involved farmers. 2 from each village and trained them on production of vermicompost . G. These farmers were ultimately made master trainers by providing advance training and finally known as technocrats. Shri Kalyanrao Patil (08477-210529) from Alanga village. Shri Mallinath Nimbal (09449829670) from Madan Hipparga village. Initially KVK produced only 10 technocrats in five villages namely Kodla. Shri Shivanand Belle (08477-229013). With this background. Shri Shivasharanappa (09448586164) from Jambaga village. (08477-229014) from Munnalli village. Shri Ravi Mulage (08477-229291) from Kinni Sultan village. Shri Siddarood Halimani. Now there are about 100 technocrats in the district with 220 vermicomposting units.50 lakh.50 lakh per year by sale of vermicompost and worms of which sale of worms alone contributing Rs 1. Production of vermicompost in an area of 100’x60’ with 48 pits of size (10’x3’x2’) is now giving net income of Rs 5. many units with the capacity of 10-20 t/year were established. out of which 20 are large scale with the capacity of more than 200 t/ year. KVK provided 1 kg earth worms to each trainee farmer with a condition that each of them should intern provide 1 kg worms to minimum three willing farmers of their respective village with no cost after 3 months by putting the same condition to those farmers and so on the chain continues. Shri Shamarao Patil (09902837727). Shri Gurupadling Maharaj (09480161783). Shri Adbul Latif Madra (09901359107).K. officials from development departments and industries as stake holders while implementing the approach. Besides. Shri Chitrashekhar Parashivappagol (09972057248) from Tadtegnoor village. Aland Road District Gulbarga-585101 Email: kvkglb.in@rediffmail. Shri Umesh N. 50 medium scale with 100-200 t/year and 150 small scale with 100 t/year. medium and large scale vermicomposting units and stopped burning of crop residues and star ted recycling of redgram stalks which improved soil health • Established marketing through farmer to farmer and more than 20000 t vermicompost is being sold every year Pavadashetty (09980391977) from Tadakal village. farmers burn these stalks which results in loss of nutrients as well as creates environmental pollution. Shri Shivasharanappa Bulla from Pattan village. Shri Basavaraj Jeevanagi (09449775662). This approach worked well. bankers. Shri B. establishment of vermicomposting units provided additional income. Shri Baburao Hiramashetti (09972897961) from Ladmugali village. Shri Basavaraj A Salient Features • • • • Trained willing farmers till they become as technocrats Technocrats intern trained willing farmers in a chain process Involved all concerned as stakeholders Established small. Gudur and Tadkal. Shri Mallikarjun Patil from Garur village and Shri Mahendra Shah (09448749587) from Sedam village are some of the technocrats in Gulbarga district.com Ph: 08472-274596 Fax: 08472-241766 M: 09480696315 87 . Shri Gundappa Dulgand (08472-290127). Shri Dharmaraj Sahu (09448576795). As redgram produces about 5.75 lakh ha in Gulbarga district. Teggelli Programme Coordinator Krishi Vigyan Kendra. Then. created on farm employment. Patil (09945515261) from Bhusanoor village.rea occupied by pulses is about 3. Shri Raju. Melakunda. Smt Bharatibai Jeevanagi (09448333953) from Babalad (IK) village. Banks provided the loan for establishing vermicompost units and KVIC & DIC provided subsidy of 25%. social pride as well as reduced the burning of crop residues by recycling and improved the soil health. KVK Gulbarga introduced vermicomposting technology on a large scale with a new approach in 2005-06. Shri Suresh Patil (09880171787). Shri Shivanand Garur (09449638591) from Gudur village. Gurur (B).0 t of stalks per ha. KVK selected 10 willing farmers.00 to 5.00 to 1. Shri Shivalingappa Choragasti (09945870671) from Bhimmalli village.

Lac Cultivation–A Boon for Tribes 88 KVK Kaimur. Bihar .

they adopted lac cultivation and improved their economic condition lac of 5 q was produced by farmers fetched Rs75000 during March. Training was followed by providing secateur. vsk. lac cultivation to be a sustained livelihood • Creation of awarness and development of skill among tribal of Kaimur Plateau by KVK. a tribal farmer of this village. in the year 2005. He inoculated 80 kg kusum brood lac in August. dauli. palas and kusum in plenty in the surrounding forest thought of taking up lac production practice.arodag. Scrapped S Salient Features • Cultivated lac throughout the year on ber. tree-prunner etc. did not loose hope and observing the availability of trees like ber. Vllage is surrounded by forest and rocky land with little scope for agricultural practices and villagers used to migrate to towns to earn bread and butter. Tribal farmers are earning more than Rs 50000 annually from lac cultivation besides adopting proper cultivation practices for agricultural crops in their small holdings. 2006.in Ph: 06180-269220/269230 Fax: 06180-269230 Ph: 06180-269220 (R). Availability of quality brood lac on Kusum trees during summer season also helped them carrying out lac cultivation throughout the year. M: 09430567345 89 . a remote village under Adaura block of Kaimur district is tribal dominated.co. respectively.adhaura@yahoo. He shared his idea with fellow farmers and approached KVK Kaimur to make lac cultivation a reality. Dr Sada Nand Rai Programme Coordinator Krishi Vigyan Kendra Vanvasi Seva Kendra. 2005 provided by DST and followed schedule of spraying and harvesting. Shri Loknath. through DST working in that area. Adhaura District Kaimur-821116 Email: vanavasi@sancharnet. palas and kusum as host trees for brooding lac • As raw lack has very good market in Bihar. however. Trained farmers under the leadership of Shri Loknath and with the guidance of KVK started pruning schedule on kusum and ber from January and February. The idea was readily accepted by KVK who in turn arranged for a few short duration training courses on lac cultivation and processing.in.

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Effective Management of Mealy Bug in Cotton 92 KVK Faridkot. Punjab .

Dr Jagdev Singh Brar Programme Coordinator Krishi Vigyan Kendra PAU Regional Research Station. field visits. knowledge and skill on management of cotton mealy bug. KVK Faridkot played a vital role.C otton. peeli buti.251014 Ph: 01639. but was more severe on un-recommended Bt hybrids from Gujarat. stacking cotton sticks from infected rows separately and use them at the earliest as fuel before end of February. etc. popularly known as White Gold.Western districts of the state where underground water is brackish in nature and about 85 % of the area is irrigated by canals. It is grown in South. District Faridkot-151203 Email: jagdev_brar2000@yahoo. a serious problem of mealy bug emerged for the first time on cotton crop and caused huge losses including recommended non-Bt and Bt genotypes. field days and farmers group discussions were organized by KVK for cotton growers of Punjab and created awareness.com Ph: 01639. campaigns.spraying infected row of cotton with curacron @ 1250 ml/ha or buprofenzin @ 1250 ml/ha. effort of KVK and farmers together helped in keeping mealy bug under check to an extent of 80-85 %. KVK educated and guided cotton growers to control mealy bug through recommendations of Punjab Agricultural University and Central Institute for Cotton Research. M: 09872862274 93 .262274 (R).com kvkfdk@yahoo. congress grass. eradication of alternate hosts like kanghi buti. Thus. Recommendations includes .253142 Fax: 01639. Salient Features • Sprayed recommended chemicals on mealy bug infected cot ton crop • Sprayed recommended chemicals on mealy bug harboring trees and fruit plants near cot ton fields • Stacked the cot ton sticks from infected rows separately and used them as fuel before end of February • Cot ton sticks were not stacked in the field • Eradicated the alternate hosts of cot ton mealy bug A series of activities such as training programmes. and spraying trees and fruit plants near cotton fields harboring mealy bug population with curacron @ 1250 ml/ha or buprofenzin @ 1250 ml/ha. During the year 2007-08. is an important Kharif crop of Punjab. not to stack cotton sticks in the field. To overcome this problem.

Velda become an Ideal IPM Village 94 KVK Tapi. Gujarat .

District authorities declared Velda village as IPM village in 2010. District Tapi Email:kvkvyara@yhoo. This has contributed to the successful adoption of IPM in cotton and other crops. IPM reduced cultivation cost by 50% due to reduction of number of sprays from 10 to 5 there by increased income of farmers by 66%. Farmers were trained rigorously on IPM module involving neem based pesticides including chemicals. Farmers were not aware of low cost insect pests management technique besides unable to afford costly pesticides due to low income. Higher income from cotton P Salient Features • IPM reduced cultivation cost by 40% owing to reducing number of sprays from 10 to 5 • Enhanced income of farmers by 66% • Minimized hazards of chemicals on environmental pollution as well as human health • Declared Velda village as IPM village helped farmers to send their children to schools by paying their fees comfortably which would improve the literacy in the tribal area. Pre and post assessment by means of survey revealed that IPM module is highly effective in controlling sucking and other insects as well as reduced cost of cultivation in addition to higher yields. Navsari to disseminate low cost Integrated Pest Management (IPM) during 2007-08.roduction of cotton is highly affected due to insect pests infestation in tribal village Velda of Tapi district situated 105 km away from district headquarter and KVK.in Ph: 02626-221869 02626-221869/220212 M: 09427868668 95 . Whole village become an IPM village and farmers are providing technical knowhow to neighbouring villages by the end of year 2009-10.co. Further success was built confidence among farmers. KVK conducted 100 demonstrations covering 75 ha area on IPM. It is one of the most neglected block as no extension agency visited here due to difficult terrain. Vyara. KVK Tapi selected Velda village for IPM under Sattelite Village Programme launched by NAU. Dr Nikulsinh Madhusinh Chauhan Programme Coordinator Krishi Vigyan Kendra Navsari Agricultural University Unai Road. This year 10-15 tribal villages in surrounding have adopted IPM package disseminated by KVK. Continuous follow up on IPM encouraged other farmers to adopt IPM technology during 2008-09.

Maharashtra .Brinjal Farmers Benefited through Water Trap 96 KVK Ahmednagar.

District Ahmednagar-413737 Email: kvkahmednagar@yahoo. Dr Bhaskar Gaikwad Programme Coordinator Krishi Vigyan Kendra. Concept has now become regular practice among all brinjal growers of the district. KVK arranged 6000 water traps to 296 brinjal growers covering 89 villages from 11 blocks of the district. As availability of water traps at local level was not there. Sangamaner. M: 09822519260 97 . It has also been observed Salient Features • KVK introduced eco-friendly and low cost water trap • Due to water trap spray interval was increased and reduced the application of pesticides as well as expenditure on plant protection • Water trap was adopted against shoot and fruit borer of brinjal in 1500 ha area • More than 1000 farmers benefited by use of water trap in Ahmednagar district of Maharashtra that technology is being horizontally disseminated from farmer to farmer in Ahmednagar district.com gaikwadbh@yahoo. At this juncture. Yield increased by 18.O. Taluq Rahata.2 ha in farmers fields at village Chincholi. Due to water traps. farmers are incurring heavy expenditure because they are using chemical control measures against this pest but results are not satisfactory.46.com Ph: 02422-252414/253612 Fax: 02422-253536 Ph: 02422-273232/273312/253235 (R). spray interval in these fields increased from 5-6 to10 to 12 days and farmers could save Rs 2500/ha/ month on pesticides. Shirampur and Rahata Talukas.B rinjal is grown extensively in Ahmednagar district with an area of 3000 ha. Infestation of shoot and fruit borer in brinjal is very common in this region and causing 30-35 % crop loss.66 % (316. technology has been adopted by more than 1000 farmers covering 500 ha in the district. KVK Ahmednagar introduced water trap for control of brinjal shoot and fruit borer after testing its efficacy in 19.25 q/ha) besides reduction in cost of plant protection by 30 % with Benefit Cost Ratio of 2. Further. State Department of Agriculture also taken up large scale programme on water traps involving more than 100 farmers from Rahuri block of the district where there is major area under brinjal crop in which KVK played an active role. Babhaleshwar P. Besides. 60% area under brinjal cultivation occupied in medium to heavy black soils under irrigated condition in Rahuri . Out of which.

Sikkim .Ginger Cultivation Revived 98 KVK South Sikkim.

copper. This enabled controlling various diseases affecting ginger crop. KVK advocated Fermented Plant Extract (FPE) preparation using (garlic + onion leaves + Canavis sp + wild poisonous plant) + (cow urine) + (EM solution) + (extract after washing polished rice) + (alcohol) + (water) (1:1:1:1:1:15). As a instance.3 ha which valued Rs144000 and gained Rs 141900 excluding the labour component as it was undertaken on participatory basis. Farmers Club produced 96 q of rhizome from 0. white grub and borer. up to July end. Instead of Bordeaux Mixture (lime. Dorjee Programme Coordinator Krishi Vigyan Kendra Namthang. This led to ginger cultivation uneconomical and farmers unwillingness to go for ginger cultivation. Salient Features • Ginger cultivation was totally stopped in Phongla village due to heavy crop loss from uncontrolled pests and diseases • Re-introduced ginger cultivation in Phongla village by KVK through Farmers Club • Fermented Plant Ex tract prepar tion was used for seed treatment against pests and diseases • Achieved disease free ginger production and revived ginger cultivation in the village Phongla KVK South Sikkim re-introduced ginger cultivation in Phongla village through Farmers Club and supported them technically in May 2009. District South Sikkim-737137 Email: kvknamthang@gmail. NABARD has nominated them for National Award also.e.0 ha which cost Rs 375 for seed treatment against soft rot. FPE was applied after every fortnight by using watering can for next 2 month i. water at the ratio of 1:1:10) which cost Rs 300 approximately. L. sufficient for 1. Mrs Sherab. Efforts of Phongla Farmers Club was recognized by NABARD and awarded 2nd best Farmers Club of Sikkim. Farmers club assured to supply of 400 q of disease free ginger seed to Horticulture and Cash Crop Development Department in ensuing season. farmers of Phongla village who totally stopped ginger cultivation due to this problem. Total cost of the same which came to Rs1500. dry-rot.com Ph: 03592-241398 Fax: 03592-241398 M: 09434382519 99 .P roductivity of ginger in Sikkim has declined for the past one decade due to rampant infestation of soft-rot.

Kerala .Trichoderma made Tribes Sustain 100 KVK Wayanad.

Then. State Planning Board sanctioned Rs 36. which has revolutionized the income pat tern of their family As there is no government or private agency in the district other than KVK through SABARI producing bio-control agents. Radhamma Pillai Programme Coordinator Krishi Vigyan Kendra. KVK ventured in to mass production of bio-control agents. Salient Features • Selected SHG group (SABARI) belongs to tribal hamlets who were the victims of implementation of Karapuzha irrigation project • Trained tribal women formed as registered society SABARI and taking work contract for mass production of bio-agents • Members of SABARI are earning at present a monthly income of Rs 5000 by engaging in mass multiplication of Trichoderma. KVK extended work contract with SABARI for mass multiplication and distribution of Trichoderma under revolving fund activities of KVK.Trichoderma gained popularity and thus demand was increased. District Wynad-673593 Email: kvkambl@gmail.com Ph: 04936. M: 09495016538 101 . To meet the increased demand.O. In fact.260411 Fax: 04936 -260411 Ph: 04936-260432 (R). Members of SHG gained 30-35 % of the total benefit as per MOU signed.com aradhammapillai@gmail. Ambalavayal P. Major Income generating crop of Wayanad is pepper. Now Kendra is having a well established and fully equipped lab which can produce Trichoderma and Pseudomonas @ 2 t/month. KVK started production of Trichoderma in late 90’s. Production of pepper declined due to the incidence of foot rot disease. due to implementation of Karapuzha irrigation project. tribals have lost their agricultural fields which were the main source of income for livelihood. KVK Wayanad identified and isolated Trichoderma strains from Wayanad soil for effective management of foot rot disease of pepper. Dr A.39 lakh for modernizing existing bio-control lab of KVK for large scale production of Trichoderma and Pseudomonas.W ayanad is known as Land of Spices. 13 tribal women (youth) from Nellarachal tribal colony were selected and imparted training for mass production of bio-control agents in view of providing them self employment. For getting man power. Trained tribal women registered as SHG named SABARI.

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Haryana .Zero Tillage Benefited Multiple Ways 104 KVK Panipat.

Dr Azad Singh Dahiya Programme Coordinator Krishi Vigyan Kendra.0 ha in 1998-99 to around 436. Efforts were made by KVK Panipat to accelerate this technology within RiceWheat Cropping System (RWCS) in the Indo-Gangetic Plains. Total economic gains by farmers of this village by virtue of ZT adoption in a decade period is about Rs 1. Subsequent experiments revealed that Zero Tillage (ZT) was a feasible alternative to conventional tillage practice in wheat with multiple benefits including check on the proliferation of Phalaris minor. With a total of 22 ZT Drills in the village.0 ha indicates the custom hiring by small land owners. Delayed seeding.O. Area under ZT increased from meager 4. labour and money saving technology • Timely sowing of wheat is possible through ZT Drill • ZT helps in recycling of plant nutrients and mitigates the problem of crop residues • Derive multiple benefits through ZT technology Average monetary advantage in ZT over conventional tillage at the current rate of input and output is around Rs 6000/ha. Yield of any field exceeding 4.2 % of total wheat area. broadcast sowing.0 t/ha was considered as exceptional by the villagers. Frontline demonstrations in rabi 2007-08 reveled that yield level of even 6. village Bauhapur was considered as marginal with respect to wheat productivity stagnating around 3. This includes the yield advantage and cost reduction.5 t/ha.0 ha in 2008-09 covering around 95.com Ph: 0180-2001625 0180-2650830 (R).18 crore. area covered by single Drill exceeding 20.0 t/ha is achievable in marginal ecology of this village under ZT. reduced germination and low seedling vigor due to salt load in the root zone and anaerobic condition persisting long after first irrigation at CRI stage were the major yield limiting factors. It is an achievement of KVK in terms of field work. resource conservation and yield gain. M : 09416101631 105 .Z ero-till concept of sowing refers to planting crops without any preparatory tillage through suitably designed machines within the residues of previous crop. Salient Features • Sowing of wheat in residual soil moisture is possible by ZT • ZT Drill is time. This case study indicates that issues of resource conservation can be dealt in better way if it is intermingled with simultaneous profit gain. Before the introduction of zero tillage. District Panipat-132104 Email: azadsinghdahiya@hotmail.. Village Ujaha Risalu P.

Zero Tillage – Boon For Rice . Uttar Pradesh .Wheat System 106 KVK Pratapgarh.

area under zero tillage was expanded to 110 ha in 2004 followed by 210 ha in 2005 and in the year 2006 M Salient Features • KVK convinced farmers about ZT technology • ZT technology has spread in 84 villages and covered 275 ha area in 3 years • ZT technology benefit ted by reduced cost on land preparation.in Ph: 05341-240707 Fax: 05341-240707 M: 09415143774/09793731888 107 . oilseeds other than wheat is possible almost 50% of the total wheat area of Mangarh was under ZT i. Meerapur. Barai. Kalakankar. ZT percolated to near by villages like Laru. trainee of KVK. Sahajani. Rice-wheat is major cropping system prevailing in the area. saving fuel and more economic as compared to conventional tillage • Diversified use of ZT technology in paddy. KVK introduced Zero Tillage (ZT) in rice-wheat system through demonstrations. placement of DAP at right depth. Total 42 ZT Drills were purchased by farmers. Kajipur. training and extension activities.Usar Sudhar Nigam Ltd. He found that all the seeds have germinated so his doubt regarding germination was cleared and he adopted ZT in 0. Dr A. akhilesh_kvkk@yahoo. where as Shri Arvind Singh first tried it on small area by opening a furrow with help of knife and sown 100 seeds of wheat. At present ZT spread in 84 villages. Kusemar etc and within a short span of two years. Besides 8 Drills were given to Farmer Field Schools by U.angarh is a village situated at a distance of about 10 km from KVK Pratapgarh on Kunda-Sangramgarh road. Zero tillage led employment to rural youths.e. Major crops grown are rice. pulses. Diversified use of ZT technology in paddy. convinced and adopted ZT under the technical guidance of KVK in 3 ha in 2002.P.co.25 ha. mustard and pea. no ploughing was done while 4-5 times field was tilled by cultivators under conventional tillage. District Pratapgarh-229408 Email: rdskvk@gmail. Major benefits of ZT accrued were reduced cost on land preparation. As a resource conservation in agriculture. Farmers are now operating ZT Drills on custom hiring and charging at about Rs 1200/ha for sowing through ZT Drill. placement of DAP at right depth. Further KVK laid out demonstration unit on ZT in its farm for undertaking training and visitors purpose.com. wheat. Shri Mahendra Das.. saving fuel and more economic as compared to conventional tillage.K. In this system. Srivastava Programme Coordinator Raja Dinesh Singh KVK Avadheshpuram Campus Lala Bajar P.O. about 275 ha. pulses and oilseeds other than wheat was explored.

Bihar .Zero Tillage Immensely Adopted by Wheat Growers 108 KVK Jamui.

Supervised all activities by KVK to make it sure that Shri Kumar successfully practice this new method of cultivation. Overall success of this technology has influenced the farmers so much that a large number of farmers are approaching KVK for specialized training on ZT technology. Khadigram District Jamui-811313 Email: singrajnarain@yahoo. Net income from wheat by adopting ZT technology was increased to Rs 5000/ha. But the consistent low profitability due to higher cultivation cost created insecurity as he had to feed a good number of family members. He under went training on ZT at KVK and adopted the same in his field under the technical guidance of KVK. Thus his annual income from wheat cultivation was increased from Rs 9000 to11000. Now it has become so immensely popular ZT technology in the entire district that the KVK staff feel delight. Dr Raj Narain Singh Programme Coordinator Krishi Vigyan Kendra Shrama Bharati.com Ph: 06348-232239 Fax:06348-232239 M: 09934734126 109 . After 20 days of sowing he irrigated his field which saved 40% diesel and 25% of irrigation water. less amount of fertilizer. With the application of this technology he could advance the seed sowing operation by 7 days and ignore the land preparation cost of 4-5 ploughings.VK Jamui introduced Zero Tillage (ZT) technology by considering its potential as a resource conservation technology through various activities. Bihar was a traditional wheat cultivator. K Salient Features • ZT technology is a cost ef fective resource conservation technology • Sowing of successive crop in time is ensured avoiding excess moisture and late har vest of preceding crop • Soil health is maintained avoiding excess tillage • Increase in yield is possible through ZT technology less number of labour and less use of irrigation water was utilized for other agricultural crops and vegetable cultivation through which he earned a net profit of Rs16000. At the time of harvesting he observed that in spite of using minimum fertilizers and irrigation water the yield was increased by 12%. Savings made through lower seed rate.0 ha of land. Shri Mukesh Kumar of Lakra village of Jamui dstrict. He also saved 30 kg of wheat seed and 30 kg DAP (total cost being Rs 800) in first phase of wheat cultivation by ZT. It saved Rs3000 in 1.

Uttar Pradesh .Resource Conservation Interventions in Rice-wheat System 110 KVK Pratapgarh.

Similar demonstration was laid at KVK farm in comparison with conventional tillage wheat.co. increased the profit margin to farmers at Rs 8000-10000/ha • Yield of DSR was higher than transplanted rice at all 3 locations with an average yield 5. It was also observed that ZT in wheat leads to higher yield with saving in tillage cost.3 t/ha.K.in Ph: 05341-240707 Fax: 05341-240707 M: 09415143774/09793731888 111 . P.com akhilesh_kvkk@yahoo. Kalakankar District Pratapgarh-229408 Email: rdskvk@gmail. KVK Pratapgarh introduced Zero Tillage (ZT) by conducting demonstration during rabi season 2001-02 in village Alapur in the field of Shri Ram Ajor Tripathi. By adopting ZT. Where as yield of transplanted rice was 4. Salient Features • Adoption of ZT technology and direct seeded rice increased farmers profit.A ttempts were initiated to disseminate Direct Seeded Rice (DSR) wheat which is versatile in most of agro ecological conditions or at least for major rice growing area of the district Pratapgarh to increase rice and wheat productivity. the gross margin and Benefit Cost Ratio was higher in comparison to traditional tillage.3 t/ha • ZT technology enhances water and fer tilizer use ef ficiency Dr A. Lala Bajar. Initial results were encouraged and since then the KVK disseminated such a farm worthy technology in Pratapgarh by a systematic schedule of programme with a view to increase ZT coverage adoption in terms of number of farmers and villages. increased the profit margin to farmers at Rs 8000-10000/ha.4% was observed due to ZT technology.O.8 t/ha thus a yield increment of 9. Yield of DSR was higher than transplanted rice at all three locations in both the cultivars with an average yield of 5. Limited tractor uses and controlled water use in DSR reduced the cost of cultivation to Rs 6000/ha and therefore. Srivastava Programme Coordinator Raja Dinesh Singh KVK Avadheshpuram Campus. Farmers of the area have appreciated new ZT technology and adopting in their fields especially in to reduce tillage cost in rice-wheat system. improved their livelihood and eventually reduced pover ty • DSR reduced cost of cultivation to Rs 6000/ha and therefore.

Andhra Pradesh .Zero Tillage Assuresd Rabi Maize Production 112 KVK Karimnagar.

42 training programmes were conducted to farmers and extension personnel. With the above efforts.Maize of Acharya N.com Ph: 08727-253550 Fax: 08727-254140 Ph: 08727-253473 (R). In order to create awareness as as dissemination of ZT technology. Gopalpur and Ippala Narsingapur during rabi 2007-08 and 2008-09.25 q/ha) and in some situations slightly higher than normal maize. Venkateswara Rao Programme Coordinator Krishi Vigyan Kendra Post: Jammikunta Jayaprakashnagar District Karimnagar . KVK Karimnagar introduced technology of Zero Tillage (ZT) . After preparatory cultivation the fine tilth is not attained resulting poor germination. M: 09848573710 113 . Methodology and results were published as 2 popular articles in Padi pantalu. Further due to late sowing of maize after harvesting of kharif rice. To address the above problems of maize cultivation during rabi. Ten cluster level R Salient Features • KVK conducted a series of activities for introduction of ZT for rabi maize cultivation • Yield of ZT maize was on par with that of normal maize • ZT can be used as one of the resource conservative technologies in agriculture • ZT is being followed by 388 farmers belonging to 52 villages in 286 ha • ZT assured the production of rabi maize in Karimnagar district of Andhra Pradesh master trainers were identified and given thorough training in package of practices of ZT maize. crop often suffer from terminal moisture stress resulting yield loss under canal command areas.Ranga Agricultural University through its different activities. Extensive coverage through mass media also helped ZT technology to reach more number of farmers in the district. Dr N. Farmers feedback indicated that the yield in ZT maize are on par with normal maize (66.abi maize is cultivated in more than 10000 ha after harvest of rice in Karimnagar district of Andhra Pradesh. Technology is proved to be resource conservative as the time taken for land preparation is nil compared to 15-20 days in normal sowing. Crop is sown after preparatory cultivation which requires 1-2 months period after harvest of rice. Master trainers conducted 72 field demonstrations and explained the technology to fellow farmers.G. First technology was assessed at 12 locations in villages Keshavapur. the technology has spread at present to 52 villages with 388 farmers in 286 ha.505122 Email: kvk_karimnagar@rediffmail.

Micro-irrigation and Protected Cultivation – A Way to Increase Farm Income 114 KVK Pithoragarh. Uttarakhand .

Then he again came to KVK with his problems and adopted protected cultivation under the technical guidance of KVK. Then again he underwent training at KVK and installed drip irrigation system in his polyhouse and orchard. nursery/vegetable cultivation under polyhouse. he underwent training on polyhouse management. But unpredicted rains. forest tree and few fruit trees. Encouraged by KVK. Technologies have shown its impact on total vegetable production and living standard of farm families. seems to be beneficial for farmers. Salient Features • KVK conducted a series of activities for introduction of ZT for rabi maize cultivation • Yield of ZT maize was on par with that of normal maize • ZT can be used as one of the resource conservative technologies in agriculture • ZT is being followed by 388 farmers belonging to 52 villages in 286 ha • ZT assured the production of rabi maize in Karimnagar district of Andhra Pradesh Shri Giri got encouraged from the success of protected cultivation.5 ha land. out of which only 1.S. Gaina Aincholi P. farmers from different villages established 344 polyhouses and 72 ha area under drip-irrigation in the district. protected cultivation i. Trainings continued by KVK on protected cultivation and microirrigation and trained 122 farmers during last few years. hails or low temperature hamper vegetable cultivation up to a reasonable extent. low cost polyhouse designed with local resources and poly low tunnel technologies. short crop season etc. Beside these trainings. Under subsidy scheme of horticulture department. Jeena Programme Coordinator Krishi Vigyan Kendra. Shri Giri constructed a polyhouse and started off-season vegetables cultivation at large scale.e. District Pithouragarh-262501 Email: kvkgainaaincholi@rediffmail. Dr A. Further. KVK Pithoragarh has taken an initiative and conducted number of trainings on protected cultivation.0 ha land is cultivable and rest of the land covered with bushes. polyhouse construction. Under the technical guidance of KVK.1 ha but faced many problems due to uneven distribution of rains. farmers were also taken to KVK Champawat for training and demonstration on micro-irrigation. In this condition.A gro-ecological situation of the hills offers great potential for offseason vegetable cultivation and increase farm income. He utilized his polyhouse for nursery raising for cultivation of tomato and capsicum. He has 2.O. He started vegetable cultivation in 0.com Ph: 05964-252175 05964-252175 M: 09412925737/09412106536 115 . Shri Narayan Giri cultivated offseason vegetable cultivation in 2005.

Punjab .Rice Residues Managed through Happy Seeder 116 KVK Sangrur.

It consists of a rotor mounted with gamma type blades for managing rice residues and a Zero Tillage (ZT) Drill for sowing of wheat. Burning is normal and easiest method of rice stubble management because residues interfere with tillage and seeding operations for next crop.com Ph: 01672. Increasing constraint of labour has led to adoption of mechanized farming in highly intensive rice-wheat system. farm women and rural youth. soil microbes and biodiversity. Rotor blades push residues as surface mulch between seeded rows. Happy Seeder which combines stubble mulching and seed drilling was used effectively to combat this problem. conducted 6 demonstrations on Happy Seeder.3-0. A total of 34 training programmes were organized R Salient Features • Low cost environment friendly technology • Timely sowing of wheat • Sowing of wheat in the residual soil moisture • Helps in soil moisture conservation • Helps in recycling of plant nutrients and mitigates the problem of crop residues • Can be used as one of the resource conservation technologies benefitting 638 farmers. It has become major cause of accidents also.4 ha in one hour. Despite ban by the government. Happy Seeder cuts standing stubbles/loose straw coming in front of sowing tyne and cleans each tyne twice in one rotation of rotor for proper placement of seed in soil.ice. District Sangrur-148001 Email: isingh2060@gmail. Further. During last three years. Machine can be operated with 50-55 hp tractor and can cover 0. Cost of machine is about Rs110000. Results of demonstrations showed 5-10 % increase in yield of wheat sown through Happy Seeder as compared to wheat sown through conventional method. farmers have been burning rice crop residues which is causing damage to environment. human/animal health. plant nutrients. Efforts of KVK through trainings and demonstrations at different places in collaboration with different co-operative societies resulted in sowing of wheat in more than 800 ha with Happy Seeder in Punjab in 2009.5 lakh ha area in the state. KVK Sangrur made efforts to popularize this environment friendly technology. Dr.wheat is the major cropping system of Punjab occupying about 26.245320 Fax: 01672-245320 M: 09465821922/ 09855321902 117 . Jagdish Grover Programme Coordinator Krishi Vigyan Kendra Kheri.

Farm Women Friendly Weeder 118 KVK Gadag. Karnataka .

com khpatil_kvk_hulkoti@yahoo. Study further revealed that inter-cultivation with bullocks was not possible within 45 days of onion crop due to tampering by bullocks and also mechanical damage to onion bulbs where as it was done with refined Twin Wheel Hoe Weeder without damage to bulbs. Hulkoti. But the drudgery of using bullock drawn hoeing equipment by women was too severe and the pain experienced by farmwomen was too much. who visited KVK . Rs 720. Twin Wheel Hoe Weeder was refined by changing the blade from “V” shape (1200) to horizontal shape (1800) in 3 sizes viz. 10" and 12" to suit to inter row space of crops in Gadag district such as greengram. KVK Gadag brought Twin Wheel Hoe Weeder from the Central Institute of Agricultural Engineering (CIAE) and demonstrated in farmers fields during 2003-04. Farm women of these families are being used the bullock drawn hoeing equipment with their hands as bullock pair was not available in time on hiring basis.G. groundnut. As per the demand. Bellary. it was 15. Hasan. and Rs 2580 per ha. KVK procured 270 Twin Wheel Hoe Weeders from CIAE and refined them as said abobe and supplied to farm women in Gadag district and farmers from other districts like Tumakur. Rs 1560. 153 ha of rabi jowar. bengalgram and onion crops where as with refined Twin Wheel Hoe Weeder and hand weeding.mall and marginal farmers of Gadag district faced problems of high hiring charges as well as timely availability of bullock pair for hoeing. Refined Twin Wheel Hoe Weeder was popularized through frontline demonstrations. Smt Gangavva Channappa Madikeri from Sarswati SHG of Hirehandigol village. 30. Based on the feedback from farm women. 16 and 48 labours and saves Rs1080. rabi jowar. extension activities and also publishing article in Newspaper. 18. 18 and 81 labours in greengram. Rs 305760. 9". In addition farm women expressed that timeliness in weeding and hoeing operation is possible only by using refined Twin Wheel Hoe Weeder S Salient Features • Achieved timelines in hoeing and weeding in different crops through refined Twin Wheel Hoe Weeder • Refined Twin Wheel Hoe Weeder reduced cost of weeding and hoeing. Rs 110160. Hiregoudar Programme Coordinator Krishi Vigyan Kendra. Bangalore etc. Gangavati. 16.. Few of them are Smt Neelavva Nagappa Hosmani from Tejaswini SHG of Hombal village. Dr L. Data collected from 93 farm women who are using refined Twin Wheel Hoe Weeder for the past 3-4 years indicated that the labour requirement per ha for hoeing with bullocks and hand weeding was 28. respectively. Rs 720. M: 09448358772 119 . At present 545 farm women are using refined Twin Wheel Hoe Weeder (350 SHG members and 195 non SHG members) in 142 ha of greengram.com laxs1961@gmail.582 205 Email: kvkhulkoti@gmail. Chikkamangalore. 196 ha of groundnut. Many cases family labour was involved in operating refined Twin Wheel Hoe Weeder. respectively. saved time and increased family labour • Used refined Twin Wheel Hoe Weeder in close spaced crops (up to 12 inches) for early stage Inter cultivation which otherwise is not possible in hoeing with bullocks. Smt Shantavva Ninappa Tirlapur from Shambhavi SHG of Neelgund village. In this background. groundnut. District Gadag . 98 ha of bengalgram and 76 ha of onion in Gadag district during 200910 and save Rs 1533600. 46. Smt Neelambike Ishwarapp Radder from Manjunath SHG of Mallasamudra village and Smt Jayashree Channaveer Shettar from Kamadenu SHG of Soratur village in Gadag taluq and district. Rs 196080. onion etc which are sown in different row spacing as well as to reduce pain in shoulders of farm women during 2004-05.com Ph: 08372-289606 Fax: 08372-289474 Ph: 08372-289772 (R). Rs 70560.

Rajasthan .Aonla Orchards Saved Using Solar Energy 120 KVK Pali.

squash. District Pali-306401 Ph: 02932-256771 Fax: 02932-256098 M: 09414194005 121 . In view of heavy demand by private parties he started purchasing raw aonla directly from aonla growers @ Rs10/kg which enhanced the income of aonla growers within 2 years. Each labour was paid Rs 200 per day. He also dried aonla fruits after blanching to prepare various products. In last 3 years heavy production of aonla glutted the market which reduced the prices to Rs1/kg causing heavy loss to aonla growers. farmers from other districts are going to establish such unit on their farm to enhance their income. Price of aonla raised from Rs1 to Rs10 put back aonla cultivation on the right track. Collector. Accordingly.00 lakh. churan powder. Today he is providing ensured employment to 50-60 labourers during cropping season and employment to 4 labourers throughout the year. etc. Moisture content was reduced from 81% to 9% within 2 days under controlled environment. a number of farmers had established aonla orchards with the financial support of NHM along with the technical guidance of KVK Pali. Inspired by the endeavour of Shri Madan Lal. Pali discussed the problem with KVK and state officials to find a solution for the benefit of farmers. pickles. Solar tunnel drier costs Rs 25000 only while manufacturers were selling such units for Rs 2. KVK organized 7 days training to aonla growers who started processing of aonla fruits like juice. Pali during 2009-10. In this direction. candy. Shri Madan Lal was conferred by social worker award by the district Collector. murrabah. churan tablets. one of the farmers. He dried green aonla to be used in number of ayurvedic medicines and traditional drugs by the I Salient Features • Value addition put aonla cultivation on right track • Solar tunnel drier reduced the drying time from 10 to 2 days and brought down moisture content from 81 to 9 % • Enhanced the income of aonla growers • Ensured employment to 60 rural women • Pharmaceutical firms placed demand pharmaceutical firms. CAZRI Jodhpur.00 lakh per annum.00 lakh which raised up to Rs 3. post harvest management and solar drying which was approved by the district Collector. Drying of aonla pulp in open sun taking 10 days was completed within 2 days under this solar tunnel drier. Earlier his earning was Rs1.n view of low income from traditional farming. Around 7 years back they were earning good remuneration to support their family. He erected dome like structure using iron rods and covered it with UV stabilized polythene sheet. Dr Dheeraj Singh Programme Coordinator Krishi Vigyan Kendra. KVK submitted a training module on value addition. Shri Madan Lal Deora of village Nimaj of district Pali established a self designed solar tunnel drier using local skill in view of abundant solar radiation in the region. Drying of aonla fruits for making different products was both time and labour consuming. They sought permission from collectorate. Pali for cutting trees.

Laser Land Leveler Enhanced Water Use Efficiency 122 KVK Sangrur. Punjab .

75 .245320 Fax: 01672. P Salient Features • Enhanced water application efficiency • Saved in irrigation water • Even application of farm inputs • Improved weed control efficiency • Less area under bunds/channels • Reduced labour requirement for irrigation • Can be used as one of the resource conservation technologies During last three years. Generally. KVK Sangrur carried out 23 training programmes on laser land levelling with 527 farmers. District Sangrur-148001 Email: isingh2060@gmail. Laser leveling uses a laser transmitter unit that constantly emits 360°rotating beam parallel to the required field plane. But the digital elevation survey sheet of a fields shows that most of the fields are not adequately leveled. in ricewheat rotation farmers believe that their fields are leveled and need no further leveling. During kharif . laser eye. Now the KVK is focusing on technical know-how and do-how among workers of co-operative societies for large scale adoption of technology.5 lakh. improve irrigation water use efficiency and to promote efficient use of farm inputs. This is received by a laser receiver fitted on the scrapper unit.0 . It includes laser emitter.urpose of leveling is to achieve uniform seedbed. 2009.6.3. reduce losses due to irrigation.25 hour per ha if the mean cut and fill is within 10-20 cm. control box on tractor and scraper unit. Dr Jagdish Grover Programme Coordinator Krishi Vigyan Kendra Kheri. It generally takes 3. grade rod. approximately 220 ha of land in Patiala and 400 ha in Sangrur district have been leveled using laser leveler through village cooperative societies. laser receiver. conserve soil moisture. tripod stand. The signal received is converted into cut and fill level adjustments and the corresponding changes in scraper level are carried out automatically by a two way hydraulic control valve. two way hydraulic valve. Enhancement of water use efficiency and farm productivity at field level is one of the best options to redress the problem of declining water level in the state. avoid soil erosion. Cost of machine is about Rs 3.245320 M: 09465821922/ 09855321902 123 .com Ph: 01672. It is a technology for using irrigation water efficiently as it reduces irrigation time and enhances productivity not only of water but also of other farm inputs.

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Nutritional Security through Integrated Nutrition Garden 126 KVK Fatehgarh Sahib. Punjab .

Sirhind District Fatehgarh Shaib-140406 Email: kvkfgs@gmail. respectively. Dr Harinder Singh Programme Coordinator Krishi Vigyan Kendra Shamsher Nagar. A series of activities such as 10 training programmes. 280-300 g vegetables and 30-50 g fruits per day for normal maintenance of health.com. M Salient Features • Introduced model kitchen garden in project mode in Suhag Heri village of Fatehgarh Sahib district • Created awareness. KVK Fatehgarh Sahib promoted the concept of integrated organic farming unit of kitchen garden for nutritional security of rural people and for diversification of rice-wheat cropping system in project mode from 2006-07 to 2008-09. Area under fruits and vegetables is 0. 3 field days. Introduced model kitchen garden among fifty farm families from Suhag Heri village of the district. 18 monitoring/guidance visits and 1 vegetable sowing camp were organized by KVK in the village covering 441 farmers and 445 farm women.onoculture of rice-wheat cropping system in Fatehgarh Sahib district is showing the syndrome of un-sustainability in terms of depletion of groundwater and soil health as well as fertility. intake of pulses is around 40 g. A recent survey concludes that in villages. Based on soil and water testing report. 10 method demonstrations.6 and 5 %. Keeping the above background in view. kvkfatehgarh@pau. fruits and pulses Pre and post survey of village indicated that farmers were able to earn about Rs 14296 from 3 canal area (1500 sq m) by cultivating vegetables. knowledge and skill among the farmers about the kitchen garden as well as impor tance of human nutrition through a series of activities • Farmers gained dual benefits of earning from rice-wheat system and also achieved nutritional security by increasing the intake of vegetables. on an average 80 g pulses. different varieties of various vegetables. There was positive change in different food items consumption behavior of farm families. pulse crops and fruits which on far with the income from rice-wheat system. vegetables 180 g and fruits in insignificant quantity while an adult requires 85 g pulses. 250 g vegetables and 20 g fruits are being consumed per day by each member of family covered under project entitled Nutritional Security through Integrated Nutrition Garden.edu Ph: 01763-221217 Fax: 01763-223322 M: 09780090300 127 . on an average. Now. fruits and pulses were cultivated in an area of 1500 sq m meter out of which pulse crops of rabi and kharif seasons along with fruit plants grown in 1000 sq m and vegetable crops in 500 sq m. 10 kisan goshties.

IFS Reimbursed in Multiple Ways 128 KVK Theni. Tamil Nadu .

3000 kg dried FYM.O. He has provided employment opportunity to 15 women and 5 men who are continuously working in his farm. 6 t cattle feed mill (20 hp service motor). On continuous cultivation. Kottaisamy (09003442027) belonging to Kutchanur village in Uthamapalayam Taluk of Theni district in Tamil Nadu has 6 ha of cultivated land with adequate supply of irrigation and used to cultivate banana. M: 09442025109 129 . For this purpose. There are about 200 farmers. Further. he grows maize. Marimuthu Programme Coordinator Krishi Vigyan Kendra Kamatchipuram (S. Dr P. He solely depends for 90% of the inputs in his farm and only 10% of the inputs are purchased from market.). sorghum and cumbu in his farm as cattle feed. 500 kg enriched FYM. This IFS is a successful one because of its sustainability since 2000. coconut and groundnut by using heavy doses of fertilizers and pesticides. He recycles the farm waste. He mainly uses organic inputs in his farm. 20 t vermicompost. cotton. 25 t chaffed fodder (2 chaff cutters). By reducing cost of cultivation and inputs. He adopted Integrated Farming System (IFS) in 2000 under the technical guidance of KVK Theni.com cendectmari@rediffmail. he couldn’t take up lead because of drastic reduction in production and also increased cost of cultivation. S Salient Features • Produced enriched farm yard manure • Achieved suf ficient fodder production and established cat tle feed mill • Recycled farm waste through production of vermicompost • Produced Jeevarmir tham and PanchaKavya • Established drip irrigation as well as fer tigation systems • Followed mechanical weed management • Created employment oppor tunity for men and women • Reduced expenditure and increased net profits as well as soil health Shri Kottaisamy also go for consultancy programme to various places inside and outside the state on IFS. net profit increased by 30% and had a net profit of Rs12 lakh/year from all integrated enterprises. At one particular point of time.com Ph: 04546-247564 Fax: 04546-247564 Ph: 04546-247990 (R). 1500 hr use of mechanical weeders per month. Excess manure and other inputs sold to other farmers at 10 % less than the market price.hri P. he established infrastructure with the production capacity of 15000 Kg cattle manure (50 cows). the cost of cultivation was equal to gross profit. farm women and rural youth and students from various parts of India have come and visited his farm and undergone training programme on various organic inputs preparation varying from one day to one week. cereals and livestock. Subsequent years pulled him down economically and under dept. He integrated his farm with horticultural crops. Hence the input cost is enormously reduced and relative transport and labour cost also reduced. District Theni-625 520 Email: cendectkvk@rediffmail.

IFS for Profitable Agriculture 130 KVK Lunglei. Mizoram .

5 ha in 20072008. maize. respectively. Shri Laluara (09863435410) are few of the successful farmers of Tuipui D village. area was increased to around 10 ha generating an amount of Rs 50000/ha besides creating self employment.T uipui D village in Lunglei district. Shri Vanlalrova (09436960195). orange.com Ph: 0372. Dr Lalmuanzovi Programme Coordinator Krishi Vigyan Kendra Hnathial. They adopted broiler (Vencobb) in deep litter and cage system. Mizoram has potential for agriculture. Around 40-50 birds are reared in one batch. Many farmers adopted crossbreeds of large white Vorkshire and Hampshire and some farmers still rear local (Zo-Vawk) pigs and Burmese breeds. Village is mainly engaged in agriculture on their own or leased land and therefore agriculture is essential for subsistence of villagers. farmers of this village have adopted IFS in an area of 5. Litters are used as manure to crops in the farm. Birds are sold when they attain 1. Farmers integrated poultry and piggery in their farm under the technical backstopping of KVK. With the adoption of IFS by farmers. farming system of Tuipui D village is changing and becoming more productive and profitable. Agro climatic variation offers much scope for cultivation of the temperate and tropical fruits and vegetables. piggery and poultry. Lalbela (09436756051).2332637 Ph: 0372-2332312/0389-2350413 (R) M: 09436154614 131 . cabbage. As a result. potato. now farmers adopted pig breeding. District Lunglei Email: rachel_m@rediffmail. Shri Lawmsanga (09436955152). Within a short span of two years. Rice. Shri Lalmuanawma (09863420576). Pigs are reared mostly for meat purpose in this region. But due to intervention of KVK. Shri Lalrinthanga (09436760915). Salient Features • Double cropping paddy followed by vegetables • Water har vesting structures (WHS) for storing water during lean period • Scientific nursery management • Introduction of High Yielding Variety of seeds for vegetables • Scientific rearing and management of piggery and poultry Shri R. KVK Lunglei introduced Integrated Farming System(IFS) in Tuipui D village through a series of activities. Farmers were highly benefitted under the scientific management resulting in an increase in meat production and number of litters per sow. cauliflower are the main crops.5 2. Shri Lalrema (09436777223). horticulture and animal husbandry like dairy. Shri Lalhminga (09436761863).2332637 Fax: 0372.0 kg either dressed or live weight @ Rs 180 or Rs 140.

Retired Army Man Turned in to a IFS Farmer 132 KVK Ri-Bhoi. Meghalaya .

an army man retired in the year 1983 belonging to Saiden village under Umling block of Ri-Bhoi district adopted Integrated farming System (IFS) under the technical guidance of KVK Ri-Bhoi. Ri-Bhoi KVK ICAR (RC) for NEH Region. production and farm income • Recognized as IFS farmer Many farmers regularly visit his farm for seeking advices from him. Umiam Email: pckvk@rediffmail. With IFS. Chiranjeevi). Bhalum 2.335). Presently. soybean (JS . vegetables. He adopted high yielding varieties of rice (Bhalum 1. he earned an amount of Rs 95000 in 2006-07. pine apple and piggery as components of IFS in his farm of 6. Dr R.0 ha. his monthly income has increased to Rs 10000 as against he had a tough time to maintain his eight member family of 4 sons and 2 daughters with his lump sum pension amount of Rs 2500 per month. he is the chairman of Charcha Mandal group. Besides he made Jalkund with the financial assistance from NABARD under the technical guidance of KVK for irrigating crops. Besides. He adopted rice. From winter vegetables alone. S Salient Features • Integrated various components in the farm • Introduced high yielding varieties • Increased productivity. he is a potential opinion leader in his village. Bordoloi Programme Coordinator Krishi Vigyan Kendra. Shahsarang). tomato (Avinash. From Shahsarang variety recorded an yield of 40q/ha.hri Kwester Majaw.com Ph: 0364-2570011 Fax: 0364-2570011 M: 09436337276 133 . capsicum (California wonder). Groundnut (ICGS – 76) and cross breed Piglets (Hampshire) and benefited profoundly.

Sustained Agricultural Productivity Under Rainfed Condition 134 KVK Chitrakoot. Uttar Pradesh .

Responsibilities were framed for all-round development of villages. KWR-108). women club. village health committee.K VK Chitrkoot had started its activities in 12 villages after technological gap analysis through survey. Sonam). retention of soil moisture for longer period through green manuring and water harvesting techniques. Average productivity increased between 30-60%. lentil (DPL-62). District Chitrakoot-210206 Email: kvkg@chitrakoot. vaccination.com Ph: 05195-255782 M: 09450221025 135 . Area under green fodder has increased. Village development committee decided that the seed produced in village will be utilized in villages for its further use as seed on exchange basis. Common understanding of villagers for health. Major crops and their varieties under seed production programme used were rice (NDR-118. cleanliness and education have improved which has changed the villagers attitude. Dr Chhote Singh Programme Coordinator Krishi Vigyan Kendra. dairy with improved breeds. health and education of villagers • Seed production in village and its utilization for fur ther use as seed in neighbouring villages • Change in farming system. employment to rural youths good health and education of villagers. employment to rural youths. Agriculture and allied sectors productivity and average income have increased. Vardan). Bahar). gram (KGD-1168. KVK adopted the strategy of peoples participation through formation of different working groups and farmers clubs. Total seed produced was 210 q in 2007-08 Salient Features • Working through peoples involvement by farmers groups • All-round development by improving pover ty. abolition of poverty through increasing production. etc. Detailed action plan was prepared including training on latest technologies for crop production. Prevailing farming system of crop + animals was changed in to a) crop + vegetable. In this way selected villages were covered under high yielding varieties in next season. mustard (Uravashi. vegetable and spices cultivation. use of bio – manures and balanced fertilizers. average productivity increased up to 30-60%. and wheat (GW-273. • Area under improved varieties increased from 9 to 55 % and area under vegetables increased from 2 to 5% covering 113 villages and 1424 farmers (840 ha area). youth club. WH-147. line sowing and proper placement of fertilizers. seed production of improved varieties suitable for rainfed condition. It was decided that all the programmes and works regarding development of villages would be planned and executed through these committees and clubs. village development committee. b) crop + fruit + animals and c) crop + animals + fish. goat and fish farming. area under high yielding varieties from 9 to 55 % and area under vegetables increased from 2 to 5%. pigeonpea (NA-1. Pant-12. K-9465). crop diversification to ensure income through aonla orchard establishment. Maya. Ganivan (Via-Pahari).org chhoteysingh@yahoo. Major outputs in agricultural development were change in farming systems.clean and green village. These villages are treated as a model for better agricultural development in the district.

Multi Layer Horti Based Cropping System for Sustainable Livihood among Tribals 136 KVK Bastar. Chhattisgarh .

Field crops such as rice.B astar district is situated southern part of Chhattisgarh state. demonstrations and other extension activities for better understanding of technology.5 ha of upland. Productivity of different agrihorti cultural crops increased between 13 to 84%. Rich forest of Bastar has enforced farmers to develop agro. Total area selected initially in the village was 20 ha of upland and number of farmers selected under area was 10. Looking to the success of model.M. Hon’ble Vice Chancellor. Kumharwand District Bastar-494005 Email: kvk_jagdalpur1@rediffmail. Panchyat Bastar sanctioned Rs 20 lakh for development of same model in other villages of Bastar under BRGF scheme. Salient Features • Cultivated crops like rice. New Delhi and Hon’ble Chief Minister. Area under rabi. KVK organized awareness campaign. pulses with hor ticultural crops like fruits and vegetables round the year for obtaining higher returns per unit area from a piece of land • Improved soil health • Generated rural employment • Improved living standards of tribal farmers Multi layer horti based cropping system horizontally spread to near by 8-10 villages through the principle of seeing is believing and learning by doing. He cultivated vegetables round the year in kharif. maize. 12. Shri Tulsiram from Malgaon adopted Multi layer horti based cropping system in his 2. Most of the area (851867 ha) is covered by forest. Further.15 and 96. In the district. Raipur. Shri Tulsiram received Progressive Farmers Award by IARI. Dr Shishir Chandra Mukharjee Programme Coordinator Krishi Vigyan Kendra. Shri Tulsiram became a Role Model farmer for many farmers. 66% of population is dominated by tribals. Local beverages like Sulfi. he strengthened his farm by standardizing various crop combinations to achieve high returns from a piece of land with out affecting soil health under the technical guidance of KVK at regular intervals. after six years of implementation of this model in the village. maize.com Ph: 07782-229071 Fax: 07782-229160/229046 M: 09425585249 137 . Dryland horticulture has tremendous scope for utilization of these land and upland soils by cultivation of suitable Agrihorti crops. Mahua. Landa are taken by tribal and hunting is one of the tradition. pulses cultivated with horticultural crops like fruits and vegetables round the year and created irrigation facilities through KVK + Convergence Programme (SJGSY) for these crops. His hard work with innovative ideas. rabi. He is now providing employment to local villagers (2500-3000 man days/year) in his farm. Department of Horticulture. IGKV. This is due to assured irrigation facilities developed through convergence programmes. Chhattisgarh state. exposure visits. Chhattisgarh.52 %. and Collector Bastar district awarded and recognized to KVK for the work on dissemination of Multi layer horti based cropping system in the district. zaid and obtained around Rs 300000 as net income as against Rs 15000 from the same land by mono-cropping with traditional technologies. Bastar division also implemented this model in 50% of upland area in the district.silvi horticultural pattern of farming. KVK introduced Multi layer horti based cropping system in the village Malgaon during 2002-2003. Consequent years.. respectively. training courses. Kharif and summer crops was increased by 114. Hon’ble C.

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Jammu & Kashmir .Vanaraja Introduced in Back Yards 140 KVK Budgam.

Vanaraja birds performed better than their local counterpart. SKUAST-K District Budgam-2305044 Email: drgulzarwani@gmail. Results of the breed was very encouraging. However.36 Kg chicken and 975 number of eggs in comparison to deshi bird (10.2 kg body weight/bird as well produced 125135 eggs/year • Vanaraja birds found suitable alternative to local poultr y for rearing under backyard poultry system average production per unit was 31. 01951-2305045 0194-2311977. This motivated the farm women to purchase the eggs and chicken of Vanaraja birds.2 Kg chicken and 240 eggs). Two farm families from each selected village were arranged 10 Vanaraja birds for backyard poultry to upgrade the local flock of poultry. Various villages of the district were selected for incubation of poultry eggs. farm women and rural youth to start the production of poultry birds in Kashmir valley of Jammu and Kashmir. On the basis of surveys. KVK Budgam initiated the activities to access the better alternative for profitable poultry farming in rural and semi urban areas of district Budgam. where the T Salient Features • Introduced Vanaraja birds in Various villages of Budgam district and found eggs were successfully incubated under their local fowl • Observed more hatchability and survivability in Vanaraja birds as compared to local poultr y • Vanaraja birds gave on an average 3. Production per unit was also higher in Vanaraja birds.here was a long felt need among the farmers. Dr Gulzar Ahmed Wani Programme Coordinator Krishi Vigyan Kendra. respectively.212234. they were 60 and 85 %. M: 09419079152 141 . low egg production and lesser weight gain is the major problem in the backyard poultry rearing. Thus. Vanaraja for dual purpose and local poultry for meat purpose. Backyard poultry is a part of livelihood among the farm women. Vanaraja was found suitable alternative to local poultry for rearing under backyard poultry system. KVK selected two breeds of poultry namely.com krishivigyanbudgam@yahoo. Eggs successfully incubated under their local fowl.com Ph: 01951. Hatchability and survivability in Vanaraja birds were 80 % and 90 %. field visits and feedback from farmers and farm women pertaining to backyard poultry and incubation of eggs in local conditions. respectively while in local poultry.

Tribes Sustained through Broiler Birds 142 KVK Papum-Pare. Arunachal Pradesh .

A griculture and allied activities are the mainstay of native people of Papum-Pare region and livestock based mixed farming is predominant farming system. ex tension personnel. Modern agricultural technologies are out of reach for resource poor farmers in the district.33/kg. Since its inception in 2008. Kendra had promoted 9 farmers clubs for different agri-allied sector farm activities under the NABARD sponsorship. Papumpare-791109 Email: kvkpapumpare@gmail. ready input availability and lack of service supports limits the adoption of technologies. bankers and farmers • Established poultry units by the farmers willingly • Poultry farms gave substantial income to the farmers as well as created employment among farm families batch. Growing demand is met by importing broiler birds from outside the state. capacity building programmes and linkage with banks for credit and line departments for service delivery supports. 0360-2258411 M: 09862198490 143 . KVK Papum-Pare is being carried out the capacity building of farmers in a large way. But the financial bottlenecks. Model has built the confidence between faculty of KVK. Iinstitutional convergence developed is a step forward for the upliftment of the tribal socio-economic status through farmers club approach in the district. It has been revealed from post training feedback that the farmers were perceiving technologies and is willing to take up newer ventures for their economic sustenance. Cost of production was Rs 70. Dr Taba Heli Programme Coordinator Krishi Vigyan Kendra. Average income per 300 birds/batch was around Rs17 800 and each farmer got a net profit of Rs 1618/ Salient Features • Conducted feed-back studies • Farmers clubs were formulated • Developed institutional convergence model and implemented in collaboration with dif ferent stakeholders • Established functional linkages bet ween scientists. Peri-urban areas showed sporadic growth of small scale commercial broiler units but lack of technical know-how and non-availability of quality chicks and high input cost limits their expansion and closure of some of the units. 4 clubs were established broiler poultry farming units on commercial way with flock size of 300-500 birds where 44 (forty four) farmers participated willingly under the technical guidance of KVK. Papumpare Directorate of AH & Veterinary Nirjuli. In this model. service providers and farmers groups. To address these critical points. financial institutions (NABARD & APRB) and service delivery support (line department especially AH & Veterinary) that led many farmers coming together in the form of clubs. Out of these farmers clubs. A series of activities were organized which includes awareness programme among the farmers for formation of farmers clubs. Bankers are being pro-active for providing Kisan Credit Cards (KCC) to the farmers club members for taking up commercial ventures under farm sectors in Papum Pare district of Arunachal Pradesh. units served as source of organic manure for crop production which is carried out in the vicinity of farm. the Kendra planned and implemented a sustainable model by establishing functional linkage with financial institutes. Besides.com Ph: 0360-2257844 Fax: 0360-2257432.

Layer Faming Potential Enterprise in Assam 144 KVK Jorhat. Assam .

he increased his stock up to 600 birds. In the year 2010. Shri Ranjit Dutta of Teok town in block Selenghat established a commercial layer farming unit under the guidance of KVK.T here are approximately 4. many people of Jorhat district are coming from distance places to his farm to buy the beautiful and standard eggs.2 kg body weight/bird as well produced 125135 eggs/year • Vanaraja birds found suitable alternative to local poultr y for rearing under backyard poultry system Delighted by the success of commercial layer farming using cage system and high market demand of locally produced brown shell eggs in the local markets. He used the breed VB 380 with deep litter system and Crieston Brown with cage system of housing in 2007.in Ph: 0376-2396510 145 . Though a total of 12275 number of improved backyard chicken available in the district. KVK Jorhat has introduced commercial layer farming through series of activities. there is a gap of more than 97% between the district demand and local egg production. Teok. Shri Ranjit Dutta increased birds to 400 in the third batch and earned a net profit of Rs 1 lakh with maximum production up to 90% laying.89 lakh local chicken and 2. Dr Rupam Borgohain Programme Coordinator Krishi Vigyan Kendra AAU. Salient Features • Introduced Vanaraja birds in Various villages of Budgam district and found eggs were successfully incubated under their local fowl • Observed more hatchability and survivability in Vanaraja birds as compared to local poultr y • Vanaraja birds gave on an average 3. Jorhat-785112 Email: jogeshgoswami@yahoo.37 lakh duck in Jorhat district of Assam with average productivity of 45 eggs per bird producing 51 million eggs per annum.

Backyard Poultry Farming Leads to Poverty Alleviation 146 KVK Rudraprayag. Uttarakhand .

U nemployment is the most burning problem of the newly formed state of Uttarakhand. with 100 broiler chicks farmer earned gross income of Rs 13500 • By seeing the per formance. In the first lot. Seasonal business of serving to the pilgrims of lord Kedarnath and Badrinath is unable to fulfill the annual requirements of people.B. more than 2/3 population resides in the villages and their main occupation is agriculture and animal husbandry. Salient Features • Introduced poultry farming by KVK through vocation training of days duration • In the first lot. Technology exhibited potential for income and employment generation in the rural area. A seven days vocational training course on backyard poultry farming for rural youths was conducted in 2006. etc. Jakhdhar via Guptakashi District Rudraprayag-246439 Fax: 01364-267320 09410104959 147 . Encouraging gain from the first lot inspired Shri Lakhan Singh Rana for further expanded his poultry farm. Singh Programme Coordinator I/C Krishi Vigyan Kendra. He made all necessary modifications in the room under the guidance of KVK and started poultry farming. non-availability of technical know-how. practical sessions were conducted on sanitation of the farm and making low cost backyard poultry sheds from locally available resources. terrace farming. scattered land. wild animals attack. makes the farming uneconomical. A sum of Rs 13500 was earned as gross income from the first lot. Shri Lakhan Singh Rana. He received Rs 60000 from bank for infrastructure and other expenditure related to backyard poultry farming and established a commercial poultry farm. In Rudraprayag district. rainfed farming situation. During training. Small land holdings. Many people especially rural youths are unemployed and bound to migrate for employment to metropolitan cities of the country. so far 26 trained farmers started backyard poultry farming at their home with a flock size of 100 to 300 birds and happily earning an income ranging from Rs 8000 to Rs 24000 per flock. bank ex tended Rs 60000 loan for expansion of poultry unit run by Shri Lakhan Singh Rana • A total of 26 back yard poultry units were star ted by trained farmers of KVK with a flock size of 100 to 300 birds and earning ranges from Rs 8000 to Rs 24000 per each unit During the village meetings it was realized that the youth agreed to start backyard poultry farming for employment. non-availability of proper market facilities for the end product and typical geographical conditions. From seeing the success of Shri Lakhan Singh Rana. 100 broiler chicks were reared out of this 95 chicks were sold undressed. a resident of village Bansu. Dr V. after receiving training from KVK in first batch consulted KVK to start backyard poultry farming in January 2007.

Vaccination Against Newcastle Disease Saved Back Yard Poultry 148 KVK Phek. Nagaland .

Low production performance of local germplasm coupled with traditional rearing practices and high incidence of endemic diseases makes poultry rearing most vulnerable. Egg production from 480 birds (30% in lay) @ 60 eggs/hen/year is 28800 eggs. average poultry bird population per village is1600. Total loss due to outbreak is Rs 158140.5% mortality @ Rs 50 per bird is Rs 42300.com Ph: 03865-281436 Fax: 03865-281436 M: 09436606353 149 . In fact.5% mortality is 21720 eggs which costs Rs 86880 (@ Rs 4/egg).O. poultry is most preferred in rural households of Phek because chicken are relatively cheaper to buy and requires less attention and care. Loss due to Newcastle disease outbreaks in remaining 1120 birds assuming 75.4% that saved Rs 130054/ village/year • Trained youths regularly vaccinating farmers flocks in remote villages • Protection against Newcastle disease has strengthened the economic status of women as rural poultr y is primarily managed by them and it is also providing nutritional security to the house holds death rate after vaccination came down to 13.4% . Farmers felt that vaccination has reduced the risk of Newcastle disease epidemic.com.Thus adoption of vaccination against Newcastle disease has saved Rs 130054/village/year. trained youths are collecting money from all farmers and regularly vaccinating their flocks. KVK Phek. NRCM Phek Pfutsero P. Protection provided to their existing birds through vaccination developed confidence to upscale the production. Loss due to death of 362 layers @ Rs 80/bird is Rs 28960.55 lakh poultry birds in Phek district and most of them are being reared as backyard poultry..here are approximately 3. Among small stocks. Loss in egg production due to Newcastle disease assuming 75. As it was difficult to arrange the vaccine for 5-10 birds from far away places to the remote villages by individual farmer. Newcastle disease proved to be most deleterious disease of poultry and rural poultry suffers a lot due to it. District Phek-797107 Email: rksingh3@gmail. demonstrated vaccination against the devastating Newcastle disease by involving the women SHGs and rural youths. kvkphek@gmail. Dr Raj Karan Singh Programme Coordinator Krishi Vigyan Kendra.5% and the loss reduced to Rs 28086/village/year as average T Salient Features • Ef fectively demonstrated vaccination against the devastating Newcastle disease by involving the women SHGs and rural youths • Average death rate af ter vaccination came down to 13. Estimated average loss due to Newcastle disease before vaccination was approximately Rs 158140/village/year assuming deaths as 75. Flock size of rural poultry varies from 4 to 20 and about 75% of total bird population in Phek consists of nondescript breeds. Majority of farmers in Phek practise mixed farming by raising small stocks.

No Cost Technology for Quail Brooding 150 KVK Port-Blair. A & N Islands .

in Ph: 03192-250547 Fax: 03192-251068 151 .res. Without identifying the quail eggs.181. the hen starts brooding the eggs along with poultry eggs. it involves an additional cost on bringing eggs to hatching place and back to rearing place. Sensing the benefit of quail rearing vis-à-vis solving the problem of brooding.in. Separated chicks are then kept in a separate container with an electricity bulb fitted nearby to provide required warmth. director@cari. brooding of quail egg is a problem for quail rearers as they have to travel a long distance to reach Central Agricultural Research Institute.res. This no-cost technology has helped a large number of women to earn an additional income from quail rearing in A & N Islands. This has increased the demand of both egg and meat in many fold not only in Islands but also in mainland. Average hatchability recorded through incubator was 65 % followed by survivability of 50 % during transport of chicks. However. Port Blair-744101 Email: mail@cari. Recent studies revealed that blood cholesterol could be controlled by regular consumption of quail egg and meat.uail in Andaman and Nicobar Islands is a household name for dual purpose of egg and meat. care needs to be taken to separate quail chicks immediately after hatching to prevent them from stamping by hen. In this process quail eggs are kept in a basket with one or two poultry eggs for its brooding by hen. Dr Nagesh Ram Programme Coordinator Krishi Vigyan Kendra Central Agricultural Research Institute PB No. In addition. On the other hand. Port Blair for hatching through incubator. survival rate of naturally hatched chicks (by hen) was more than 73 % and average hatchability by this means was more than 66 %. In this process quail eggs hatched during June 2007 to July 2008 by Islands by women recorded 66 % hatching and nearly 74 % survival rate. This has created a unique opportunity for Islands women to rear more and more number of quail birds for sale of egg and meat both in Islands and mainland. As quail eggs are hatched 2-3 days earlier than the poultry Q Salient Features • This is absolutely a no-cost technology • Housewives can easily earn additional income through this practice • Hatchability and mor tality significantly dif fer than other methods • Addition of quail egg and meat in daily diet controls blood cholesterol • Quail egg and meat have high demand eggs. KVK Port Blair developed a unique idea of brooding quail eggs by hen. This practice of brooding by hen has been immensely popular in the Islands and many women are practicing it at their houses.

Piggery as Subsidiary Occupation 152 KVK Hassan. Karnataka .

Every day he used to bring 250 kg of hotel kitchen waste which is sufficient to feed 15 adult pigs and 30 piglets. Thus.S ince its inception. he incurred only Rs 30 per day towards fuel to bring the hotel kitchen waste. Benefit Cost Ratio of the unit is 7. • Piggery has improved the socio economic condition of Shri Nagendra in a great ex tent To begin with KVK supplied eight Yorkshire piglets @ Rs 600 per piglet to Shri Nagendra. He is the inspiration behind many farmers for starting the piggery units who have purchased piglets from him and by now at least more than 100 piggery units have been started. Shri Nagendra.kvk@gmail. Nataraju Programme Coordinator Krishi Vigyan Kendra. KVK Hassan conducted various training programmes and demonstrations in the field of Animal Husbandry in general and piggery farming in particular. he uses the leisure time for working in piggery farm and works only for 2 hours a day which does not incur any extra labour charges. Salient Features • Shri Nagendra sells 25-30 piglets and 15 adult pigs per month • Star ted more than 100 piggery units in Hassan and neighbouring districts • Pig catcher was modified by KVK was released in 2008 by University of Agricultural Sciences. Bangalore. Thus. Amusingly he started running an auto riksha and pride owner of 3 auto rikshas at present and earning an additional booming income.35. So far he sold more than 2250 piglets to farmers of Hassan as well as neighboring districts. Besides. one of the ex-trainee of KVK. from Dasarakoppalu established piggery unit with an initial investment of Rs 64800 in 2002 without availing loan from any source. he used to get free medicines and B-complex supplements from the Department of Animal Husbandry on free of cost. Interestingly he used only hotel kitchen waste as source of feed and nutrients supplemented by mineral mixture. Dr O.R.com Ph: 08172-256092 Fax: 08172-256792 153 . According to Shri Nagendra. Kandali District Hassan-573 217 Email: hassan. the tangible impact can be seen in the district.

Meghalaya .Sweet Potato as Feed for Crossbred Pigs 154 KVK Ri-Bhoi.

Variety ST14 was adopted by 70-75% in an area of 20 ha in subsequent years.5 kg against 18 kg body weight gain under local feeding practices. farmers saved up to 75% of total feed cost without hampering the production performance of pig.. With supplementation of sweet potato (up to 60%) in the pig ration. KVK Ri-Bhoi disseminated sweet potato as feed for crossbred pigs and introduced promising varieties of sweet potato namely ST-14. Salient Features • Introduced promising varieties of sweet potato • Supplemented sweet potato vine cut tings and tubers in pig ration • Farmers saved 75 % cost of concentrate pig feed • Increased body weight of pigs there by gained more income Sweet potato in local Khasi dialect is known Phankaro.A total of 37688 number pig population is there in Ri-Bhoi district and they feed in three types viz. (i) Scavenging (ii) Feeding of locally available feed resources along with concentrate feed iii) Feeding with recommended/ computed concentrate feed. A total of 55 pig growers are now practicing sweet potato as feed and reducing 75% of cost on swine feeding. The Ri-Bhoi district has an area of 157 ha under sweet potato cultivation with a productivity of 36 q/ ha. Sweet potato tuber in raw form could be fed to swine up to a maximum level of 40% on DM basis and that boiling of tuber could be fed up to 60% along with good quality vegetable protein (soybean meal) and mineral mixture for economical production. Production performance of crossbreed pigs in farmers field who fed on sweet potato tubers showed good result and average body weight recorded at 6 months of age was 32. Dr R. District Ri-Bhoi Email: pckvk@rediffmail.com Ph: 0364-2570011 Fax: 0364-2570011 M: 09436337276 155 . Meghalaya local and Kokrajhar Red through demonstrations for increasing the productivity and production. ST-14 was found to be performing well with an average yield of 36 t/ha followed by Meghalaya local (31t/ha) and Kokrajhar Red (22 t/ha). Bordoloi Programme Coordinator Krishi Vigyan Kendra KVK ICAR (RC) for NEH Region Umiam. A total of 25650 numbers of sweet potato vine cuttings of three varieties were arranged to 10 farmers of 6 different villages of the district. Out of three varieties.

Nagaland .Rabbit Farming Provided Dual Benefits 156 KVK Zunheboto.

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VK Zunheboto introduced rabbit breed Newzealand White in Sumisettsu village under Akuluto block of the district Zunheboto for the first time in 2008. As farmers were not aware of the rabbit farming and its meat quality, it gave them a boost and came forward for rearing rabbit on large scale. Since its introduction, a total of 90-100 farmers are engaged in rabbit farming in Akuluto block. In Nagaland where 100% people are non-vegeterian, there is a scarcity of meat. Introduction of rabbit farming has helped to increase the availability of meat from 47 to 55 gm per day and on an average each farmer could sell rabbit amounting Rs 1000-1500 per month. Many SHGs adopted rabbit farming and gaining dual benefits of meat for home consumption as well as earning additional income by selling rabbits. Smt Helen (09436203994), Member secretary of SHG from Aotsakili village, Smt Lovini (09615379548), Member secretary of SHG from Shichimi village, Smt

Salient Features
• Newzealand white rabbit grow th is 10-15g/day • More number of farmers as well as SHGs came forward for adopting rabbit farming • Meat availability increased from 47g/day to 55g/ day • Rabbit farming provided dual benefits of meeting home demand of meat and earning additional income by selling rabbits

Khekhali (09402021128), Member secretary of SHG from Lumami village are some of the SHGs performing rabbit farming very well. Many more SHGs are coming forward to adopt rabbit farming in the district.

Prof V. K. Sharma Programme Coordinator Krishi Vigyan Kendra, Zunheboto Nagaland University, Lumami Mokokchung P.O., District Zunheboto-798601 Email: vbsharmadmp@Indiatimes.com, kvkzunheboto@yahoo.in 0369- 2268255/ 2268256 Fax: 0369- 2268255 03862-228121 (R), M: 09436004413

157

Fish Farming Flourished in Farm Ponds

158

KVK Washim, Maharashtra

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arm ponds were established for water conservation and water harvesting under National Horticulture Mission in Washim district. Water was available eight to nine months in these farm ponds which is used for critical irrigation. This untapped potential has been utilized for fish farming by the intervention of KVK Washim. Shri Sambhaji Wankhede, Shri Santosh Gore, Shri Akosh Deshmukh, Shri Vishram Khandare and Dr Sanap, young entrepreneurs, from different villages of Washim district underwent training on fish farming at KVK followed by exposure visit to Andhra Pradesh. They started the fish farming scientifically in their existing farm ponds with the guidance provided by KVK in the year 2006-07. KVK has arranged Carp as well as Magur fish seed to the farmers. Now they are getting a net profit of Rs 6950 to 19770 on each farm pond with a Benefit Cost Ratio of 2.02 to 3.44. Additional income gained by these farmers has inspired other farmers to take-up up fish farming in their existing feasible 200 farm ponds.

Salient Features
• Farm ponds were basically used for irrigation • KVK introduced fish culture in existing farm ponds • Fish farming is flourishing in farm ponds and farmers are gaining additional income • Now farm ponds are being utilized for dual purpose like irrigation as well as for fish farming

Mr S.K. Deshmukh Programme Coordinator I/C Krishi Vigyan Kendra, P.O. Risod Loni Road, District Washim-444506 Email: kvk.washim@yahoo.com Ph: 07251-222260, 07251-222462 07254-234099 M: 09422938764/09422938753

159

Farm Women as an Innovative Fish Producer

160

KVK Jharsuguda, Odisha

She has taken the pre-stocking practices like weeding. Here.4 ha of pond area is 500 kg @ Rs15 per kg along with GNOC and rice bran @ 300 kg each which costs Rs15 per Kg.6 ha of land. Dr Niranjan Das Programme Coordinator Krishi Vigyan Kendra.in M: 09437345716 161 . She became member of maa sarala SHG. she has not applied any synthetic fertilizer for plankton growth during the culture practices and any medicine also. She adopted fish farming in her existing farm pond under the guidance of KVK. the feed requirement to get marketable size of fish from 0. Thus total feed costs Rs16500 which adds to the production cost. removal of unwanted cat fishes application of lime @ 300 kg and cow dung @ 2 t as per recommendations. She was recognized in the district for her innovative idea in the particular field like pisciculture.com jharsugudakvk@yahoo. Dulkumari by her personal experience reduces this feed cost by applying 400 kg GNOC and waste of country liquor which is a specific kind of liquor made from rice by the tribals of K Salient Features • Reduce fish feed cost by preparing her own feed • Providing nutrition to family • Enhanced family income • Enhanced rural employment western Orissa. as per scientific cultural practices. She is following the recommended scientific practices in multiple carp culture.VK Jharsuguda introduced fish farming in the existing farm ponds through a series of activities. a member of Maa Sarala SHG from the village Durlogaon of the block in Jharsuguda district has 1. However. Cost incurred by applying the GNOC and waste of liquor is Rs 6000 @ Rs 15 per Kg of GNOC there by she reduced the production cost by Rs 10500 with out affecting the marketable size of fish growth.co. OSAP line In front of Vikas Medical Hall District Jharsugda Email: pckvksng@yahoo.4 ha is pond area. Smt Dulukumari Naik. out of which 0.

Panchayath Pond as Source of Income 162 KVK Champawat. Uttarakhand .

number of ponds (80 to 215) and fish production (30-35 kg/100m2 to 50-55 kg/100m2) within a period of 4 years i. pond has been given to a villager on lease. Fishes of less than 300 g (approximately 1-1. After a period of 21 months fishes were harvested in March. village panchayath not only earned net income of Rs 23800 from the pond but villagers also got fresh fishes first time in the area.e. Area of pond was 400 m2 and pond was situated in middle of village along side road connecting to main market of the block. In this way. 2005. which was being used for the cattle and washing vehicles. Dr M. In the district 25 fish farmers have adopted fish-poultry and 12 have adopted fish-duck integrated farming.P. fish feed. As a result. 700 fingerlings of silver carp and 300 fingerlings of grass carp were also stocked in the pond. pond has become source of income to lease owner I Salient Features • Panchayath pond was ef fectively utilized for fish farming • A net profit of Rs 27900 earned by the Panchayath from the existing pond in the middle of the village • Villagers got fresh fish • Now Panchayath has leased the pond for fish farming • Inspired many farmers to adopt fish farming in their existing farm ponds as well as village panchayath and providing fresh fishes to villagers for their consumption.n the year 2005.5 q) were left in the pond for further growing to marketing size. Periodically. lime and labour charges and Rs 27900 were earned from the sale of fishes. 2007. KVK Champawat started motivating farmers of the area for scientific fish rearing through trainings and demonstrations. First time 500 fish fingerlings (2 inch size) of common carp were stocked in the pond in June. PO Gulchora Lohaghat. He approached KVK for demonstrating fish farming technology. from 2005 to 2009. Total of 310 kg fish of 300 to 1200 g size each were harvested. Now. Champawat-262524 Email: umakantdiwakar@gmail. Shri Mahesh Singh Adhikari of village Barakot visited a Panchayath pond of his village. Impact of successful demonstration on fish farming in this panchayath pond is that 15 farmers of the nearby areas have started fish farming in their ponds. Total of Rs 4100 were spent on the inputs such as fish seed.com Ph: 05965-234820 Fax: 05965-234206 M: 09412925543 163 . Two months later in August. Three training programmes were conducted in the village on various practices of fish farming to aware the farmers. lime was applied to improve the water quality of the pond by analysing at the interval of every two months and accordingly inputs were used in the pond. Regular field visits of village were made to advice farmers. Singh Programme Coordinator Krishi Vigyan Kendra. After observing encouraging results more number of farmers are adopting fish farming which is reflected as increase in number of farmers (65 to 180).

Tripura .Remunerative Composite Fish Farming 164 KVK Divyodaya-West Tripura.

open aqua resources of the state are seasonal in nature. Efforts are being made to launch a drive for practicing composite fish farming through individual farmers/cooperative groups/SHGs in the village Cerma of Uttar Chebri. Fish productivity of village ponds was negligible (1.75 q/ha as against 11. Khowai. and Farmer’s Clubs in nearby locality and producing required amount of table fish. has adopted composite fish farming in1. Self Help Groups.62 q/ha in previous year without guidance. He harvested average fish yield of 18. Farmers Interest Groups.. Shri Deb gained a net income of Rs 242500 and Rs245000 in 2006-07 and 2007-08. Technology on stocking density and species combination ratio. M: 0986335190 165 . Dr Pranab Dutta Programme Coordinator Krishi Vigyan Kendra Chebri P. However. species combination ratio and nutrient management • Ef ficiently utilized pond embankment with hor ticultural crops • Increased yield 18. Where as prior to this in 2005-06.222274 (R).9 t/ha/year) due to lack of scientific know-how and do-how on composite and integrated fish farming. F Salient Features • Adopted composite fish culture with proper stocking density. It is bestowed with vast natural water resources along with climatic conditions for fish farming.ish is the staple diet for 95% of the population of Tripura. KVK West Tripura trained farmers and rural youth on composite fish farming.com Ph: 03825.com kvkwesttripura@yahoo. respectively.62 q/ha • Increased adoption of composite fish farming by 70-80 % among farmers Composite fish farming in scientific manner is now adopted by 70-80% of the fish farmers. District West Tripura-799207 Email: pranabd1974@indiatimes. management of diseases. who attended vocational training at KVK. without any scientific knowledge and training he invested Rs190000 and received Rs 130000 with a loss of Rs 50000. fertilizer management. with agricultural crop from the pond embankment. This has ensured stability in supply and price of different categories of fish in this region and projected per capita availability of 13 kg is going to be fulfilled against the present availability of 9 kg.75 q/ha as against 11.12 ha of water body under the technical guidance of KVK in 2006-07.222274 Fax: 03825.222274 Ph: 03825. harvesting and stocking manipulation etc were guided by KVK. Shri Sagar Deb.O.

Fish-cum-Duck Integrated Farming Enriches Rural Women 166 DRWA Bhubaneswar. Odisha .

0 t/ha with composite fish culture. They readily accept the egg and meat of duck.in Fax: 0674-2386242 M: 09861077107 167 .2 t/ha as against 2. only women belonging to Scheduled Caste adopted fish-cum-duck farming. Ponds more than 0. Fish-cum-duck integrated system reduced input cost in term of feed and enhanced production 3.K Sahoo Senior Scientist DRWA.2 ha belonging to 257 women from 9 coastal villages of Puri and Khurda districts in Odisha. generated an additional income through eggs and meat of ducks. Because of social and religions restrictions.2 ha located nearby the household found to be suitable for effective maintenance of 40 ducks by rural women.co. D Salient Features • Fish-cum-duck integrated system is a low input farming • Ef ficiently utilized available farm resources • No/less risk for diversification of farm enterprise • Provided additional food and income • Continued supply of wastes from ducks ensures the pond fer tilization as well as reduces weed population and there by ensured sustainable production Dr P. Bhubaneswar E-mail: psahooin@yahoo.irectorate of Research on Women in Agriculture (DRWA) introduced fishcum-duck integrated farming in 27 ponds of individual homesteads and community ownership covering 8. Ponds were selected which are away from the rice fields as the ducks have the tendency to enter into the rice field and damage the crop at the harvesting stage. Besides. Khaki Cambell and Indian Runners variety of ducks were introduced in the system. Reason is most of the women belonging to this caste are daily labourers and are willing to do labour. which is generally not accepted by the higher class.

West Bengal .Deshi Ducks Improved through Cross Breeding 168 KVK Purulia.

com Ph: 03252-280207 Fax: 03252-228318 Ph: 03252-2266365. Altogether 12 families were involved in this programme. After a span of six months the ducks started lying eggs of 78 gm weight each. KVK learned in detail about this programme and observed that good number of deshi ducks were available in that village. Economy worked out by KVK indicated that only from eggs farmers are earning a profit of Rs 330 per duck. Price of these eggs is much higher due to its size and weight. Sri Sanjib Kumar Bhattacharya Programme Coordinator Krishi Vigyan Kendra Vivekanandanagar P. As Khaki Campbell is available @ Rs 70 only with State Poultry Farm. Further interaction revealed that duck egg and meat have preference among the villagers. demand for duck meat touches its peak during a local festival (Manasa Puja) as ducks are offered to Goddess. The gain in body weight was also much better in cross bred ducks (1600 gm in 7 months as against 1025 gm of deshi ducks). farmers are earning an additional income without incurring an extra expenditure. This survey revealed that a programme on upgradation of deshi duck was initiated by State Animal Husbandry Department. Thirteen number of Khaki Campbell drakes were arranged for 29 local ducks to start with this programme. This revelation prompted the KVK to try upgradation of deshi duck through Khaki Campbell drakes in a phased manner. M: 09332038550 169 . This was followed by survey of the village through PRA technique.O. Purulia as a part of its transfer of technology bid through village adoption programme visited Manikdih village and interacted with the village head and other farmers for launching a number of developmental programmes.VK. District Purulia-723147 Email: kalyankvk@yahoo. Moreover. This was followed by longer laying period (130-135 days as against 50-60 days for deshi ducks) and brooding of better quality ducklings (51 gm weight of day old duckling against 37 gm of deshi one) with almost nil mortality rate.. K Salient Features • Improvement of deshi ducks through crossbreeding • This is a low cost technology • Breed up gradation is possible with least monetary involvement • Assured bet ter return in terms of eggs and meat • Women can practice this technology quite comfor tably Performance of upgraded ducks has helped 12 families earn sizeable additional income both from egg and meat. This low cost technology has been successfully adopted in 23 villages and number is increasing day by day. but did not yield any result. Purulia and ducklings do not need any extra care except vaccination against duck plague at 2 months of age.

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Agro Processing Made Farm Women Self-sustenance 172 DRWA Bhubaneswar. Odisha .

With initiation of the President of group. health. cauliflower. Dr Suman Agarwal Principal Scientist DRWA. Further. They prepared 2000 bottles of lime squash and 50 bottles of tomato puree and different types of spices including turmeric powder which was sold in the exhibition organized by Odisha State Government and earned a net profit of Rs 28000. Group is continuing with the tie of M/s Hindustan Lever Limited for regular supply of squash. beans. household consumption and better nutrition. This inspired the group to get a loan of Rs 50000 from the State Bank of India for expanding the unit. Group has D Salient Features • Group members worked with team spirit as well as self confidence • Group established functional linkage with credit agencies and renowned company for marketing their products • Developed leadership as well as entrepreneurship among farm women • Farm women self-sustained through agro-processing technologies also ventured in micro-financing and extended Rs 40000 loan to Sarala Self Help Group with 12% interest per annum. Group opened a bank account in State Bank of India. group members underwent training at DRWA and established a fruit processing unit under the technical guidance of DRWA. 2002. Bhubaneswar formed a Sangram Vikram Self Help Group (SV SHG) in Keonjar village of Odisha with 14 members of farm women. Each member of the group earned a net profit of Rs 900/month. Now group runs smoothly with more profit because of the efforts rendered by each woman in the group .2 ha of land for a period of 3 years @ Rs 650/year and cultivated vegetables such as tomato. By retaining Principal amount in bank. Within a year they earned a net profit of Rs 2368 by selling lime and orange squash as well as baddi with black gram. the net profit earned was distributed among the group members. Group has leased in 0. M/s Hindustan Lever Limited placed an order for 40 bottles of lime squash. Bhubaneswar Email:agarwalsuman2004@yahoo. Pipili in September. potato and greens and earned a gross income of Rs 1278 with a net profit of Rs 958 within a period of one season. This has helped members to improve their status within the family and society. group deposited more than one lakh in bank account of the unit. After repaying the entire bank loan.uk Fax: 0674-2386242 M: 09861122549 173 .irectorate of Research on Women in Agriculture (DRWA). They utilize this money for their children’s education.co.

Chronicles of Hard Work 174 KVK Palghat. Kerala .

dropped the college due to financial stringency. This continued for two months and they could gain Rs 500 from an investment of Rs 50. an electronic weighing balance and a sealing machine.d P.O. Though their first attempt gave them a bitter fruit. They prepared small polythene packets of mango pickle and marketed in the premises of Vanneri High School at Puthanpalli. In addition they participated in a three days local Vipanana Mela and sold their products. Thus. At this juncture. Mele Pattambi P. Puthuma Pickle unit has shown an example of empowerment through value added fruits and vegetables.. Palghat in 1998. Then. there are 22 assistants employed in the unit. again to be disappointed. Kunhi Mohammed. Products are distributed in neighbouring districts of Malappuram and Thrissur also. Their venture suffered a set back as the products could not catch the attention of the customers in the market and resulted in a complete loss of their investment. They used bicycle for door-to-door marketing of the products. Com. two brothers attended one month training course on processing of fruits and vegetables at KVK. They started producing different types of pickles and prepared 250 gm pickle packets. Immediately after completion of the training. M: 09447924629 175 . Presently. 2 auto rikshaws and two wheelers). Selling price was Rs10 for all pickles. Dr P. With this first success. With this Rs 500 they purchased variety of fruits such as mango. for which they purchased 6 carriage vehicles (2 jeeps. under the technical guidance of KVK. District Palghat-679306 Email: kvkpalakkad@gmail. his brother who was doing B. Perumpadappa. They were getting a profit of M Salient Features • Star ted pickle processing with an investment of Rs 50 for the production of 10 kg mango pickle and earned an income of Rs 500 in 1998 • Invested Rs 300 for the production of 40 kg pickles of different fruits and vegetables and earned an income of Rs 2000 in 2000 • Invested Rs 10000 for the production of 1000 kg pickles of dif ferent fruits and vegetables and earned an income of Rs 40000 in 2005 • Invested Rs 60000 for the production of 3000 kg pickles of dif ferent fruits and vegetables and earned an income of Rs 120000 in 2009 • KVK Palghat acts as the king pin behind their escalation 40% from their value addition activity. lemon. they purchased mangoes from their neighbourhood and started producing mango pickles using pickle production technology learnt from KVK. Now they are running the unit in a building of their own. they got motivated and decided to expand the business. as he could not support his big family. he tried the career of Madrassa Teacher. Padinjarakath House. they started to produce jam and halwa investing a capital of Rs 3000 which they managed to borrow from friends and relatives. they established pickle processing unit initially at Puthanpalli and gradually shifted to Pattambi with brand name as Puthuma Achar with SSI register number 0907/16342. His family included aged father and younger brothers. the main customers being the students. They could gather a profit of Rs 3000 from the sale of pickles in the Mela which increased their confidence. except for garlic which was sold @ Rs15 per packet. Shaji James Programme Coordinator Krishi Vigyan Kendra. Pattambi belongs to a poor rural family.O. Each packet was sold at Rs 0. Marketing assistants are engaged on 25% commission basis. Md Kunhi Mohammed and his family were struggling to meet their both ends with the meagre wages which he obtained from field work as a farm labourer.. The unit possesses a ginger slicer developed by Md Kunhi Mohammed himself. dates and garlic. Md Yusuf.50. Seeking for a better opportunity. M.com Ph: 0466-2212279 Fax: 0466-2212279 Ph: 0487-237669 (R). Poovakkodu. and also a mixy. without losing their heart they took it as a challenge and decided to go ahead with some other products. Maruthur P.

Maharashtra .Value Addition Generated Women Self Employment 176 KVK Washim.

Kolhapaur.washim@yahoo. As per the record. candle and chalk making units. District Washim-444506 Email: kvk. aonla candy. Success of above SHG members lead to many women entrepreneurs from other parts of Maharashtra and contacted KVK for training on Vegetable and fruit processing. aonla supari. But KVK Washim successfully introduced value addition and processing technologies that has created employment to members of SHGs. etc. Loni Road. Two SHGs at Malegaon and Krishna village in Washim district established soya processing units.T here was lack of awareness on post harvesting technologies as well as leadership among the SHGs in Washim district of Maharashtra. Six SHGs from Mothegaon and Ganeshpur village in Washim district established soyanuts and masala and chilli powder making units. Two SHGs in Mangrulpir tahsil established home-scale enterprises on banana wafers and soya products. KVK created awareness among 30 SHGs as well as trained their members on value addition and processing of fruits. vegetables. Akola and Jalgaon districts of Maharashtra. Sales outlet was created for SHG products by NGO on free of cost at Risod which is a tahsil place. Similarly large publicity through Agro won newspaper has attracted many dealers from Pune. Newasa. under the brand name SWAMINI under the guidance of KVK . Products like soya processing. Salient Features • KVK Washim created awareness and capacity building among members of SHGs on value addition and processing technologies • A total 43 home-sclale processing units were established by women SHGs • Women members of SHGs got self employment as well as earning additional income in their leisure time at their home through post har vesting technologies These SHGs of 300 women have established home-scale enterprises on banana wafers. Three SHGs working under SEWA NGO from Ahmedanagar established Agarbatti. have spread in many pockets of the district. masala production.com Ph: 07251-222260 07251-222462 07254-234099 M: 09422938764/09422938753 177 . Deshmukh Programme Coordinator I/C Krishi Vigyan Kendra. Sangamaner. Ahmedanagar.. each SHG member earned on an average Rs 1995/month with the maximum income of Rs 56667/month in case of soya based products from their home-scale units. papaya tuti fruity. Risod P. Mr S. cereals and pulses and also on leadership skills. turmeric pickle etc. potato wafers.O.K.

Himachal Pradesh .Income Generation through Value Addition 178 KVK Hamirpur.

vermicelli (sevian) and so on during 2001-02 and 2002-03. Simultaneously. KVK Hamirpur in collaboration with Department of Agriculture and Horticulture organized 7 vocational training courses wherein trained 110 farm women of different Self Help Groups (SHGs) for preparation of various value added products viz. milk.F arming systems of district Hamirpur are mixed and subsistence in nature. Group is procuring raw material at cheaper rates during the peak season and available in abundance and preserving and using them on demand basis. members of this group prepared 4 q pickles. 70 kg mango powder. jams.co.in Ph: 01972-238130 Fax: 01972-238130 M: 09418124767 179 . 1 q Chutneys. A Self Help Group consisting of 20 farm women established an enterprise unit on value addition in 2001-02. 2 q seera. CSKHPKV Hamirpur at Bara. Products are prepared almost round the year except dried items like nuggets (barian). They were not only engaged in value addition but also in cultivation of mushroom because it has to be used as raw in put in their products. Each household in the district is involved in agriculture. To make such women as rural entrepreneurs. rural women devote their time in preparing pickles and nuggets (barian) at household level as the district has surplus of fruits. 4 q vermicelli. 5 q nuggets. pickles. 1 q triphala Salient Features • KVK developed capacity building of farm women on value addition • Farm women formed as Self Help Groups and star ted entrepreneurship development activities through value addition of fruits and vegetables • Created round the year on-farm employment among farm women • Process of entrepreneurship had made farm women self reliant and helped them build up self-confidence • Each one of the member of SHG earned an additional income through out the year through value added products powder and 1 q amla candy. horticulture and animal husbandry activities. During lean periods. 4 other SHGs established value addition of fruits and vegetables units in the district in 2001-02 and at present about 70 groups are associated with the value addition activity. In the year 2009-10. vermicelli (sevian). seera whose preparation is avoided during rainy season. squash. vegetables. pulses and cereals. District Hamirpur-177044 Email: singhanandsi@yahoo. Participation of women in agriculture and animal husbandry sectors is more than 70%. nuggets (barian). Dr Anand Singh Programme Coordinator Krishi Vigyan Kendra.

Value Addition Added Income 180 KVK Delhi. New Delhi .

she came to know about training programmes conducted by the KVK.S mt Krishna Yadav.com. New Delhi-110073 Email: rkyadavdelhi@rediffmail. she is generating about 1500 man days of work/ Salient Features • Smt Krishna Yadav. Shri Ram Kumar Yadav Programme Coordinator Krishi Vigyan Kendra. a caretaker of orchards of Ber and Karonda underwent training on post harvest processing of locally available fruits and vegetables at KVK • She became as successful entrepreneur by preparing a quantity of 500 q of pickles from locally available fruits and vegetables • She gave employment oppor tunities to her neighbours • She is now running her own retail shop of pickles employment to her neighbours. she attended a training programme on preservation of fruits and vegetables at KVK Delhi during the year 2001-02. Being a caretaker of fruit orchards. As the scale of production has increased. During an interaction with Subject Matter Specialist of KVK. she prepared 100 kg karonda pickle and 5 kg chilli pickle in 2001-2002. kvk@nhrdf. Nafed complex Ujwa. In 2003-2004. This produce was new for the area. Besides. was a caretaker of orchards of Ber and Karonda. in which an investment of Rs 3000 was made including the cost of raw materials from orchard at market price.com Ph: 011-28015272 Fax:011-28524150 Ph: 011-28314203 (R). Products prepared are being marketed successfully in local market by the neighbours. Presently she is processing around 500 q of pickles with almost all vegetables and fruits locally available every year. M: 09818087979 181 . After attaining the training. she produced 5kg of karonda candy. Processed products were sold for Rs 5250. a resident of Rewlala Khanpur village of south west Delhi. Initiative brought confidence on Smt Krishna.com kvkujwa@yahoo. This step encouraged her to start home scale processing of fruits and vegetables including karonda. she has a retail shop for sale of different products prepared by her. It fetched good price.

Tamil Nadu .Farm Women Gained Income from Home Scale Processing 182 KVK Kancheepuram.

co. Smt Shanthi (09094579501) from Kalpakkam.O. Jam. KVK helps these units by developing market linkages through various stages like conducting and participating exhibitions/fairs. Further. Smt Venkateshwari (09444323912) from Guduvancherry. Further. 6 units on vegetable pickles. Smt U. fruits and vegetables As a result. Salient Features • Farm women were trained on processing technologies • Farm women established home scale processing units on various aspects like pickle. Value addition is being made at cities and reaching back to the village at a higher price. District Kancheepuram-603203 Email: kvkkpm@yahoo. Much of the produce is sold as raw. Kasthuri (09444761776) from Chengalpet. 044-26567229 (R) M: 09840113681 183 . Out of which.The units are selling 60 % of their products to the value of Rs 500 – 1000 directly to consumers by self and remaining 40% selling through hired stages that valued more than Rs1000. initiating and nurturing income generation activities. awareness creation. Dr P. fruit products. Value addition as a rural enterprise has potential to generate more local jobs. better income and services and reducing rural migration.in kumaravel69@yahoo. Gowri (09444781997) from Konathi in the district . 5 units on masala powder preparation and 4 units on cereal products.P roblem of lower income in agriculture is due to lack of local value addition. • Home scale processing units on average producing products more than 40 kg per month • Around 60 % of their products are sold by themselves disrectly to the consumers • Created self employment and gained bet ter income from home scale processing of cereals. sale in the farmers mandies. milk products etc. All farm women from these 25 units opined that there was an increased appreciation from family members. 7 units on fruit products such as Squash. self satisfaction. friends and relatives. Kattupakkam Kattangulathur P. Few of the women who run the home scale processing units are Smt M. freedom from financial insecurity fears and ability to take up new enterprises. KVK also providing marketing facilities as arranging weekly bazaar within the premises of KVK. 3 units on milk products. spices. Shantha (09884516019) from Potheri. a total of 25 home scale processing units were established by farm women trained at KVK in the district. technical and enterprise training.com Ph: 044-27452371. Smt R. In this direction. KVK Kancheepuram is working with farm women in formation of SHGs as well as technological backstopping for establishing home scale processing units through various processes including technology standardization. Kumaravel Programme Coordinator Krishi Vigyan Kendra. recognition from officials. awareness meetings. This can be avoided by setting up value addition facilities at villages and marketing value added products to cities at a higher price. NABARD came forward to assist these units to start Rural Mart at Potheri near KVK.

Kerala .Dehydrated Mushroom Adds to Income 184 KVK Malapuram.

Shri Shamsudeen P. KVK Malapuram has introduced mushroom cultivation in 2005 through vocational training.K erala’s hot humid climatic conditions aids in the cultivation of oyster mushroom and milky mushroom with minimal investment in general and Malappuram district in particular as availability of raw material for growing mushroom in the district is fairly good.P (09947277076). Illathuparambil House.90 lakh. Muttanoor P. Shri Kunjupennu. kvkmalappuram@kau.O.2 which is high as compared to use of poly bags. Puthanathani P.com. Dr Habeeburrahman P.P. Shri Shakir S. Currently Salient Features • • • • • • Farmers gained skill on dehydrated mushroom production Added monthly income of families/ SHGs ranging from Rs 5000 to 15000 Increased knowledge on nutritional aspects of mushroom Group approach enhanced the ability for decision making and social involvement Opened avenue for employment generation for rural youth and unemployed women Technology is applicable for farmers even with small land holdings a project of Rs 2.P (09809154042). Kootilangadi and Aiswarya Mushrooms (09946069928). Chattikal House. Padannavalappil House.70 lakhs has been sanctioned by SHM for imparting training for farmers in mushroom production. 285 farmers during 2008-09 and 322 farmers during 2009-10.V. Shri Anwar C. Major mushroom production units in the district are Shri P.O. Kaladi P.O. Dharman (09995062119). Production of dehydrated mushrooms helped to reduce the weight to one tenth of its original weight enabling ease in transportation.. A total of 10 farmers started production of dehydrated mushrooms in Malappuram district during 2006-07 followed by increased the number to 85 farmers during 2007-08.O. District Malappuram-679573 Email: kvkmpm@rediffmail.. Several mushroom units were established in the district by both individuals and SHGs under the technical guidance of KVK. Vettom P.O. Chemlakath.V. Smt Sharadha P.O. Nilambur.V (04942698652). Vettom P.in habeebponani@rediffmail. Besides this dehydrated mushroom has the capability for rehydration and regaining its original weight and all other quality attributes in terms of its organoleptic properties. Puthanathani P.M Abdulkhader.I (08086162219).K. Benefit Cost Ratio for the production of dehydrated mushroom is 3. Smt Sheeja C (0494-2631188).2. Vattaloor P. Programme Coordinator Krishi Vigyan Kendra.K (09745127151). KCAET Campus Tavanur P.com Ph: 0494-2686329 Fax: 0494 -2687640 Ph: 0494 -2663513 (R). Smt Prasanna T. Therattil House.O. respectively. Pulliyur Sreenandanam (0493-3284723). Shri P. A total of 966 kg of mushroom produced by the farmers of Malapuram district during 2008-09 and it is increased to 4084 kg during 2009-2010 with that farmers earned an additional income of Rs1. Poochamkunnath House. processing and spawn production. M: 09895703726 185 . Kuruva Reshma Mushrooms (09946492711). Palliyil House. Smt Lathika P. Besides this a simple and feasible technology of dehydrated mushrooms developed by Kerala Agricultural University was advocated for extending the shelf life of mushrooms for more than six months. Perumpadappu P.. Kodakkad House. Use of perforated plastic containers as an alternate for non degradable polybags wherein harvested 437 g of mushroom from one bucket with BC Ratio of 2.O. Edavanna.O.15 lakh and Rs 4. Mushroom spawn production unit was established at KVK Malappuram with a production capacity of 60 packets/ day.

Tamarind Trees De-mortgaged 186 KVK Erode. Tamil Nadu .

Alagesan Programme Coordinator Krishi Vigyan Kendra Kalingiyam P. It has been a long journey since T Salient Features • De-mor tgaged 455 tamarind trees of 30 SHGs groups in 19 villages in Bargur hills and gained an income of Rs15. Except for bank loans accessed directly by individual members. all loans to members came through the Sarva Shakti Federations. Accordingly. Sanghas advanced loans to redeem members’ trees at a maximum of Rs10000 per member with an interest of 18 % per annum. Thus. In this situation.com Ph: 04285-241626 Fax: 04285-241627 Ph: 04285-226563 (R). Taluq Gobichettipalayam District Erode-638 453 Email: myradakvk@dataone.3000/tree. azhagujanani@yahoo. Over the years. a sour story resulted in a sweet ending with the intervention of KVK.92 lakh • De-mor tgaged 38 tamarind trees of Tribal SHG Padakal madappa of sholakanai village and gained Rs1.. Many trees which were under bondage for more than 15-20 years were freed by this approach which made farmer/SHG members to get relieved from the tiring debts. seeds and rind removed during processing are also sold which is utilized for paying the labours of 21 man days required for manual processing that costs Rs1350. Basaveshwara Sangha in Thattakarai and Veerbhadraswamy Sangha in Thamarakarai motivated and enabled 30 groups from 19 villages in Bargur hills to avail loans from Federation and provide financial support to tamarind farmers and the process of redeeming tamarind trees from the hands of money lenders was successfully carried out and totally 455 trees have been released from mortgage. KVK formed people’s institutions (Federations of SHGs called Sarva Shakti) in Bargur hills and discussed the issue of the movement for freeing tamarind trees along with 47 other Sanghas in Bargur. Federation has accessed loans from local commercial banks. It was realized that there is a need for financial support to SHGs in order to release tamarind trees under mortgage. NABARD. Further.amarind trees at Bargur hills of north Erode district could provide a steady seasonal income of Rs 2000. KVK Erode played a crucial role in providing the structure. Since more than 20 years. M: 09443897654 187 . Shelf life of tamarind is as long as 5 years and trees live for 100 years. Sanghamitra Rural Bank and other financial sources. NABARD seed money was used to give loans to SHG members to redeem their tamarind trees in 1993. KVK has arranged working capital assistance (as an interest free loan) to some SHGs with the assistance of NABARD’s pilot project in 1992. Moneylenders advanced loan of a few thousand rupees to tree owners by mortgaging tamarind trees with only one condition that the entire amount would have to be repaid in one lump sum and installments were not accepted.O.in. systems and linkages that enabled the community to explore alternatives to strengthen their self-reliance and improve quality of their lives.71 lakh in 2005 • Established RURAL MART with the suppor t of NABARD in 2006 • SHGs accessed Rs 29 lakh under SGSY scheme with 50% subsidy component over the 17 years of KVK’s active guidance • Now. The family who has de-mortgaged their tamarind trees is now earning an income of Rs 4000-5000/tree/year by selling 200-250 kg processed tamarind. The movement which was started with two groups viz. the apex bodies of Sanghas organized by Myrada. income from trees was enjoyed by money lenders because tree owners did not have capacity to repay the loan in one lump sum. This situation led the tamarind trees to remain in mortgaged with money lenders forever. Dr P. not a single tree in Bargur hills is in the hands of money lenders and the people of Bargur 1993.

Kisan Cooker Cheers Farm Women 188 KVK Gadag. Karnataka .

Keralli. Pondicherry (10). Hiregoudar Programme Coordinator Krishi Vigyan Kendra. Gulbarga (6).5 kg firewood/day that costs Rs 2 for cooking • Kisan Cooker reduced drudgery of farm women while cooking • With Kisan Cooker 3 food items can be cooked at a time in one chulha • No continuous at tention is required while cooking by Kisan Cooker • Gives more taste and smell to cooked food through Kisan Cooker KVK Gadag refined Surakshita cooker developed by Rural Home Science College.38 lakh in a year from 356 Kisan Cookers supplied to farm women. Bijapur (5). Hulkoti. khpatil_kvk_hulkoti@yahoo. Smt Yellavva Basappa Kavalur from Basapur village. out of which 71 to KVKs within the state viz. Chikkahandigol and Kurthakoti of the district during 2005-06 to 2007-08 and trained 377 members of women SHGs. drudgery in collecting firewood as well as cooking and inhalation of smoke was reduced daily by 2 hours. Kasaragod (3).56 lakh hours of time.84 lakh kg firewood and Rs 5. Raichur etc. 3 kg of firewood and Rs 12/day which amounted to saving of 2. Further. Hulkoti District Gadag-582 205 Email: kvkhulkoti@gmail. farm families need high quantities of fire wood (10-15 kg) daily and on an average farm women spend 4-5 hours for cooking in a day. KVK supplied 129 Kisan Cookers. This implies medium size family can save 60 hours of time. Dundur. Few of farm women using Kissan Cooker are Smt Vijayalaxmi Somaraddi from Asundi village. Kumata. It was introduced to farm women through 20 demonstrations in 13 villages viz. 3. Dr L. Smt Veena Bailey from Hombal village.com. Besides. Harthi.G adag district is basically a drought prone area. Salient Features • Kisan Cooker takes less time for cooking and requires only 0.... Dharwad (10). 356 Kisan Cookers were supplied to farm women belonging to Gadag. Kanavi. Besides.com laxs1961@gmail. Sirsi. Soratur. UAS. Many research studies have proved that cooking in traditional Chulha for 3 hours a day is equal to smoking of 20 cigarettes per day. 90 Kg of firewood and Rs 360 in a month. Mangalore. Dharwad in 2002-05 to suit farm women of Gadag district and named it as Kisan Cooker. Asundi. Raichur (10). Farm women have to walk 4-5 km as well as spend most of their leisure time for collecting firewood due to scarcity. Thiruvannamalai (10) and Sholapur (30). Kissan Cooker saves 2 hours of time. Smt Jayashree Benni from Harti village. Mysore (10). UAS Dharwad and 53 to KVKs in other states viz.1000 -1200 gm capacity cooker bowl to suit medium size farm family and round shape bottom edge to catch full fire of chulha as well to enhance fuel efficiency and costs Rs 400/unit.G. Mallasamudra. Because of using traditional vessels and traditional chulha. Kadadi. It has 18 gauze metal (thicker metal) that increases durability for about 10 to 12 years. Hombal. This made women to feel cheers in Kitchen. Koppal (10). Bidar (10). Smt Kusuma Bhandi from Dundur village of Gadag district. and 5 to Rural Home Science College. Bellary (10).com Ph: 08372-289606 Fax:08372-289474 Ph: 08372-289772 (R). M: 09448358772 189 . Basapur.

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Chawki Rearing Center–A Sustainable Enterprise 192 KVK Mysore. Karnataka .

Dr Arun Balamatti Programme Coordinator Krishi Vigyan Kendra. With this kind of engagement in CRCs. three more CRCs have already started working. humidity and hygienic conditions. vulnerable stage due to poor hygienic condition. institutional innovations like participatory chawki management by farmers’ SHGs and use of indigenous techniques in temperature and humidity management. Farmers generally purchase worms of about 10 days (2ndMoult) from Chawki Rearing Centers (CRCs) and rear them for the next 30 days to avoid pests and diseases at the very young. especially when the rearing house is part of the farmers’ dwelling house. Nanjangud Taluq District Mysore-571129 Email: jsskvk_1994@rediffmail. each SHG member is earning between Rs 1000 to Rs 1500 per month.. the CRC as a seri-enterprise has witnessed S Salient Features • CRCs provide healthy 2ndmoult worms ensuring bet ter cocoon yield • By hatching under controlled temperature. All the three CRCs have completed one year of successful operation. is being cultivated on an area of 2. two in Mysore and one in Chamarajanagar district. What is heartening is that the traditional dry land sericulture areas like Kuderu in Chamarajanagar. Further. Mysore silk is popular world over and has a history of over 220 years. the disease incidence on silk worms is reduced significantly • Additionally. two in Mysore and one in Chamarajanagar district. Suttur. and hence supported the initiative taken up by both the JSS KVK and an additional effort under the special SGSY project. save about 10 days of rearing time for farmers thus reducing their overall production cost • Created a lot of par t-time as well as full-time rural employment oppor tunities among low income families innovations like black-boxing for uniform hatching.ericulture is part of the cultural heritage of Mysore district. which works out to a total of Rs 126000 wages earned.com Ph: 08221-232218 Fax: 08221-232377 M: 09448832186 193 . Two of the three CRS are being run by farmers’ SHGs whereas the KVK is directly managing one CRC. It may be noted here that this is an additional income for those involved in chawki rearing since it is only a part-time work for the members that involves about 3 hours of work a day. Here. The quality of these chawki worms is the crux of successful silkworm rearing. Inspired by the success of the three CRCs. Despite the fact. KVK Mysore introduced Chawki Rearing Centers in a project mode in two districts viz. The three CRCs put together generated 2520 man days of employment. where sericulture had almost disappeared due to poor monsoon and irrigation facilities. the CRCs ensure uniform hatching of eggs • CRCs. there were hardly any CRCs operating in Mysore district until 2006. which believed that this is possible. through black-boxing technique. The success of CRCs is owed to the firm conviction of the host institution JSS Mahavidyapeetha. This apart. Mulberry. it has an incremental contribution to silk industry through increased cocoon yield is worth Rs 7800000. the sericulture enterprise is re-emerging. three CRCs have been initiated by the KVK. So far. the host plant for silkworms. Chawki’ refers to the young silk worms reared from hatching to 2ndmoult stage. Mysore and Chamarajanagar in 2008. in the process.371ha in Mysore district contributing to an average yield of 59kg cocoons/100 Disease Free Layings (DFL). With this background.

Tripura .Self Employment by Raising Mango Nursery 194 KVK South Tripura.

Dr A. Most important fact is that the family members who used to go outside in search of wages are now engaged in their own farm nursery. Nursery is on small scale.. South Tripura-799144 Email: singh_ak30@rediffmail. They are producing about 50000 – 100000 mango planting materials every year in the district. about 45 youth farmers also motivated and established mango nurseries in the vicinity of KVK.com kvksouthtripura@rediffmail. It yields on an average 16 t/ha with 1600 plant population. Demand of mango seedlings in the district is more than 1 lakh per year and production of seedlings and grafted mango are not meeting the demand. Shri Priyabrata Datta and Shri Uttam Deb Barma from Takmacherra village and Shri Manoranjan Deb Barma from Manu village of Bokafa Block of South Tripura established mango nurseries at their home gardens with an initial investment of Rs 5000 and now they are earning a gross income of Rs 30000 to 90000 per year. but it has helped in creating an assured employment and raising social value of the rural youth farmers and farm women in the community. K. Among the trainees three school drop outs namely. Birchandramanu. Mango variety Amrapali has been found most suitable variety under Tripura agro-climatic condition.com.O. Salient Features • Established mango nursery units by rural youth • Nursery units meeting the demand of mango planting material in the district • Mango nurseries created self employment among rual youth • Socio-economic status of the farmers improved due to the establishment of mango nurseries KVK of South Tripura trained rural youth for production of quality planting materials. Amrapali is a dwarf variety and vigorous type with regular and late bearing.com Ph: 03823-252523 Fax: 03823-252523 M: 09856033391 195 . Singh Programme Coordinator Krishi Vigyan Kendra Manpathar P.A gro-climatic condition and hill slope in South Tripura district is very much congenial for successful growing of horticultural crops. As a result. icarkvk_stripuraa@rediffmail.

Nursery Raising Enhanced Farmers Income 196 KVK Jhunjhunu. Rajasthan .

orange. Dr Suraj Mal Mehta Programme Coordinator Krishi Vigyan Kendra Abusar P. mango. Cultivation of seasonal vegetables by buying seedlings from this nursery and other nurseries has increased up to 2 lakh hectare in Jhunjhunu district which enhanced the income of vegetable growers. chiku.N. KVK Jhunjhunu had organised a training on nursery raising for enhancing additional income of desert farmers. jamun. In seven bighas land he raised mother plants of ber. No. mausumi.5 lakh per annum. 4. pomegranate and rose. Jhunjhunu–333001 Ph: 0159-2233420 Fax: 0159-2233221 M: 09887817837 197 . vegetable seedlings and variety of ornamnetal plants using mini sprinkler and drip system. He planted Ganganagari rose on half bigha land and earned Rs 8000 per month. Shri Kripal Singh Dayal of Dayalon ka bas in district Jhunjhunu established nursery unit under the technical guidance of KVK. ornamental growers and farmers had purchased plants from his nursery unit which generated a net income of Rs 5 lakh per annum to him. Cultivation of okra after merigold minimized the attack of nematode. Department of horticulture.A nnual income of small to medium land holders between Rs12000-15000/ ha was too little to provide bread and butter to their families. Other farmers with small land holdings got inspired by him and started cultivation of rose and merigold on their fields which raised the income of farmers up to 1. Merigold cultivated on one bigha land earned Rs 25000 during cropping season. One of the farmers. This enabled farmers to provide good education to their Salient Features • Cultivation of rose and merigold improved the income of small land holding farmers • Farmers could provide good education to their children from public schools • Nursery raising adopted by 15 farmers proved an income generating enterprise • Cultivation of okra af ter merigold minimized the at tack of nematode • Area under vegetable cultivation increased to 2 lakh ha in Jhunjhunu district children from public schools situated in Jhunjhunu town in addition to livelihood security under limited land holdings. In his high tech nursery under net-shade he has grown number of different improved plants. lemon.

Odisha .AICRP on Home Science.House Wife Become an Entrepreneur 198 DRWA .

com Ph: 080-23512817 Fax: 080-23512817 Ph: 080-23434933 (R). ragi dosa mix and ragi hurihittu with germinated methi powder for diabetics with necessary information on nutrition labeling. Bengaluru at GKVK campus during the month of November. she prepared ragi malt with different flavours. delicious ragi peda using ragi malt powder. new avenues. she had tie up with other agencies like Desi. Shanthakumari Professor and Head Directorate of Extension Building Hebbal. She participated in exhibition organized by the Government of India. She sold 150 kg of ragi malt and 50 kg of ragi hurihittu and earned 25% profit in Krishi Mela organized by UAS. With her confidence. MK Ahmed Retails. She is following eco-friendly packaging and providing employment opportunities for rural women.Sc (F & N). Bengaluru-560024 Email:skumari2006@rediffmail. Dr K. UAS.mt Jyothi Mahipal. Bengaluru.Sc (F & N). Bengaluru. 300 kg ragi malt. same (Little millet). 300 kg dosamix per month. standardization of product and marketing avenues. M: 09886759829 199 . Nilgiris and Sun S Salient Features • • • • • • Gained Knowledge and skill on processing and value addition of millets Prepared variety of quality and nutritious products from ragi Earned 40 % profit by selling the products Established linkage with marketing and credit agencies Created employment oppor tunity for rural women A house wife become as successful entrepreneur through value added products from ragi Corporate. food technologists meet. She is marketing her products under a brand name VATHSALYA. Bengaluru and also in other districts of Karnataka such as Hubli-Dharwad. Presently on an average she is selling 200 kg ragi aralittu. haraka (Kodo millet) and baragu (Proso millet) as these have good market potential in future. international food product and bakery technology meet and Krishi Mela at UAS. Later on products are sold at an outlet in her residence located in Jayanagar. received training from AICRP . Bengaluru. 2007 at UAS. halwa. 2006. Bakers Hut . packaging. Besides. Koppal and Gadag. She sold her products at local shops at the beginning. As ragi is rich in calcium and good for health. Bengaluru on processing and value added products from ragi (finger millet). popped ragi snack items. Smt Jyothi has trapped the potential of millets and moving a head to become a successful entrepreneur to reach export market. UAS. Further. Total Mall. She received 3rd prize for displaying her products as best stall named Ragi Mane in Krishi Mela. The profit through the sale of her products is around 40% and her two products peda and chuda is a favorite item for many functions which she prepares on request by the consumers.H. encouragement from family and technical guidance by faculty of AICRP-H. 45 years old Commerce Graduate and married women belonged to Koppal District in North Karnataka. 150 kg hurihittu. 200 kg chuda. The participation in these events has given her lot of marketing potentiality. she has established micro-enterprise on ragi products. Khadi gramodhyog has come forward to finance her for expanding the unit to process small millets like navane (Italian millet). and confidence to go ahead with new ventures.

Punjab .Traditional Phulkari Becomes a Rural Enterprise 200 KVK Patiala.

Dr Gurjinder Pal Singh Sodhi Programme Coordinator Krishi Vigyan Kendra. At this juncture. KVK Patiala organized around 2 training programmes on different facets of Phulkari per year benefiting an average of 41 rural girls and farm women.8. KVK promoted Phulkari as a vocation through different print and electronic media also. Adoption of Phulkari craft was almost 100 %. they established their own small scale enterprises under the technical guidance of KVK faculty and avoided the exploitation of middle men. M: 09417626843 201 . Having developed confidence among women. In the beginning. more number of trainees started adopting it at commercial scale. capacity building and extension activities for rural women. Post Box No.P hulkari is embroidered shawl formerly worn by women of Punjab. Phulkari trade was flourishing in Patiala but in an unorganized manner and rural women were merely in status of workers.2009 and provided a platform for rural women where they could share their views for their upliftment. It is cultural heritage of Punjab. Even those trainees who adopted Phulkari at domestic level earned Rs. On an average the trainees were earning around Rs 50000 per annum if adopted at commercial scale. KVK also organized Phulkari Mela on 13. Further. innovation in base material. later on when the worth of Phulkari craft in terms of profitability was proved.com Ph: 0175-2225473 Fax: 0175-2225473 Ph: 0175-2373843 (R). A total of 56 rural girls and farm women participated in these gosthis. traditional pattern and use of beads and sequins. majority of trainees adopted it at domestic level.15000 per annum which were being incurred on purchase of Phulkari craft for own use. KVK Patiala organized skill training. 10000 . But. A total of 225 demonstrations were carried out by KVK benefiting 579 farm women and rural girls over a period of fourteen years covering the aspects like block printing and tracing. KVK organized 5 mahila gosthis in different villages of Patiala district in last three years. 22 District Patiala-147001 Email: kvkpatiala@gmail. Salient Features • Entrepreneurs on Phulkari have become role models for fellow villagers • Rural women and rural girls of the district are get ting additional income out of Phulkari craf t enterprise • Many trainees have star ted their own retail outlets for sale of their products • Traditional Phulkari become as rural enterprise and created self employment among rural women and girls KVK Patiala has been organizing training programmes on Phulkari since 1996.

Mushroom Promoted Farm Women Economically 202 DRWA Bhubaneswar. Odisha .

Group established oyster mushroom production unit with 30 beds by an initial investment of Rs 450 at Rs 15 per bed under the technical guidance of DRWA.com Ph: 09337235147 Fax: 0674-2386242 203 . It has created an impact on Jai Sriram SGH. D Salient Features • Enhanced the knowledge and skill of rural women on mushroom cultivation • Developed leadership and team spirit among rural women • Social stigma of treating mushroom as non-vegetarian item has been removed • Established linkage with marketing and credit agencies • Rural women promoted economically by establishing mushroom units Smt Sabitri Rout. members of SHG used 30 kg for their home consumption and rest 20 kg sold @ Rs 40/kg in village itself and earned Rs 800 with a net profit of Rs 350. Jaripada. individual unit has produced 5 kg mushroom and earned an income of Rs 200. Bhubaneswar Email: sabitamishra@rediiiffmail. Out of which. Chapada..30 beds. There was no problem of marketing as village haat is nearby and also no scope of preservation because of demand for raw mushroom as well no surplus production. Bhubaneswar introduced mushroom cultivation in 2007 through training followed by skill demonstrations.irectorate of Research on Women in Agriculture (DRWA). Tangi. regular advisory services and sharing of experiences of successful farmers organized by DRWA. Unit yielded 50 kg mushroom.5 lakh from Gramya Bank. enterprise has been branched into individual units with 10 . Safa kanpur. President of SHG has trained inspired rural women belonging to neighbouring villages viz. exposure to successful units. Sri Laxmi SHG presented the details of unit in the presence of his Excellency the Governor of Odisha. Kochila Nuagaon and Rameswar. focus group discussions. Dr Sabita Mishra Senior Scientist DRWA. Members of SHG were exposed to a series of activities such as motivation for group cohesiveness. On an average. A total of 15 rural women trainees from Jaripada village has formed as Sri Laxmi SHG and established a mushroom production unit in a large scale with the financial assistance of Rs 2. constituted in 2006 with 12 members of rural women belonging to Salepur Block of Cuttack District in Odisha. Having gained skill and experience on mushroom cultivation by each member of SHG. During Tribal Fair of Odisha.

Sikkim .Mushroom Production Opened a New Vista for Better Income 204 KVK East Sikkim.

251311 Ph: 03592-231274 (R). improved production technology.e. processing and marketing. • It thrives well in the moderate range of temperature 20-30 0C with 80-85% humidity • Production was taken almost year round (10 months) • Created self employment and additional income Agency. Mohanty Programme Coordinator Krishi Vigyan Kendra ICAR Research Complex for NEH Region. Ranipool District East Sikkim-737135 Email: dramulyakumar@gmail. Kesang Lepcha (9775960622) from Rey village. either it is commonly cultivated oyster or naturally grown morsels. Initially the KVK has standardized the organic based low cost mushroom production technology and popularised through various activities among the farmers in the district during 2007. The critical input spawn of Hypsizygus ulumarius and Pleurotus florida supplied by KVK to them.com Ph: 03592. being the distinctive hotspot of rich biodiversity has served as the habitat of a wide variety of mushroom species (locally called Cheaoe).5:1 which shows its high return efficiency. mushroom production has tremendous potential in Sikkim because of its congenial climate (sub tropical to alpine) and availability of plenty of bio-waste materials.com. K. The unit produced 124. Smt. Government of Sikkim and expanded the unit in a large scale with more number of beds. Smt. Commercial oyster mushroom cultivation has become the talk of the day and the technology has been spread to the other districts of Sikkim like North. akmohanty2004@yahoo. Traditionally it is a popular food item of the tribal people.in east sikkimkvkicar@yahoo.10000 from the State Rural Development S Salient Features • Standardized organic based low cost oyster mushroom production technology to suit to the conditions of Sikkim • Established oyster mushroom production units with low initial expenditure • It possesses highest bioconversion ability i. M: 09434750778 205 . Shri. They are growing mushroom successfully round the year except during extreme cold at household level with minimum use of resources. Smt. Benefit cost ratio was observed to be 2.598. The farm women of Nari Jagaran self help group (SHG) of Rey Mindu village were established mushroom production unit with 10 beds under technical guidance of faculty of KVK during 2008-09. Dr A. Sharmistha (9733301921).70 kg mushroom with a net profit of Rs.251311 Fax: 03592. Shanti Lepcha (9775476307) .ikkim.co. Smt. Bina Subba (09474356998) . In fact. The technology was imparted through skill based training and demonstration on scientific oyster mushroom cultivation and management of spent mushroom beds for vermicomposting. Sonam Bhutia. West and South Sikkim. Mushroom production in Sikkim dates back to the late 70’s. availability of quality spawn. but lost its momentum due to dearth of knowledge about the distinction between the poisonous and non-poisonous species. the women SHG received a financial assistance of Rs. more than 60%.2008. Marketing of mushroom made easy as it is the part of the food habit of the people. Being impressed with this result. women of Ujjala SHG from Ranka village are some of the successful mushroom growers of the East district of Sikkim.

Milky Mushroom Empowered Rural Youth 206 KVK Villupuram. Tamil Nadu .

. Molassur. Pasun Thalir Milky Mushroom Growers Association (PTMMGA). mother spawn was also produced by all of them using sorghum as raw material. MMMGA-V.in.com Ph: 04147-250001/250002 Fax: 04147-250001 M: 09994966060 207 . Cuddalore. these Associations have produced 35 to 150 culture tubes and spawn on their own.ac. Milky mushroom cultivation further spread among 1875 rural youth belonging to Chennai. PTMMGA produced only mushroom soup. which remains as residue after mushroom cultivation. HTMMGA. • Ex tended technical guidance and suppor t to the members of eight associations through the funds from the Ministr y of Science and Technology. AMMGA. DBT. Mazhaithuli Milky Mushroom Growers Association (MMMGA). Further. Kattuchiviri. Rs 302500. Valavanoor.in kvktvm@yahoo. Annai Milky Mushroom Growers Association (AMMGA). mushroom samosa. Marutham Milky Mushroom Growers Association (MMMGA). Sathiah Programme Coordinator Krishi Vigyan Kendra. MMMGA. Rs 94060. Bed spawn production by these associations ranged from 475 to 4000 numbers. Perambalur and Ariyalur districts of Tamil Nadu through organization of skill training courses by these eight Associations. AMMGA-E. mushroom chappathi. To be as a self sustainable milky mushroom production unit. chilli mushroom and mushroom manchurian. Production of milky mushroom by these Associations ranged from 95 Kg to 1200Kg/annum. Dr N. BMMGA produced value added products from mushrooms such as mushroom soup. Rs 52300. Chinnakallipattu. Navammal Kapper. nsathiah@gmail. Eight Associations K Salient Features • Identified willing unemployed rural youth and mde them to form as registered associations. Rs 555000. Rs 83400. Arokya Milky Mushroom Growers Association (AMMGA-E).co. New Delhi • Annual gross income earned Associations ranged from Rs 9500 to 555000 • Developed entrepreneurship among unemployed rural youth and farmers viz. Tindivanam District Villupuram-604001 Email: arstvm@tnau. They formed as eight registered associations viz. Eruddayanpattu. Bismi Milky Mushroom Growers Association (BMMGA).VK Villupuram introduced milky mushroom cultivation among 1200 unemployed rural youth in 2009. Trichy. They sold mushrooms to the consumers through direct sales at farmers market and through door delivery to apartments and quarters @ Rs100/ kg. BMMGA. Erukalankuritchi. Arokiya Milky Mushroom Growers Association (AMMGA-C). PTMMGA and AMMGA-C earned a gross income of Rs124600. Rs 62000 and Rs 9500 per year. But. Tindivanam. Government of India. HMMGA produced 42 t of vermicompost during 2nd year as a product of value addition of mushroom spent waste. Villupuram. On an average 600 soup packets were produced per month by BMMGA and earned an income of Rs 435000 where as PTMMGA earned an income of Rs 23000.. respectively. Hitech Milky Mushroom Growers Association (HTMMGA). KVK conducted 55 repeated and intensive training courses on commercial production of milky mushroom and its spawn for the members of these eight Associations and also sensitized them for bank loans and market avenues.

Tribal Women Sustained Livelihood through Mushroom 208 KVK Hazaribag. Jharkhand .

josiline@hotmail. KVK has arranged 4730 kg spawn to the ex-trainees as well as other farmers who adopted mushroom cultivation in their back home situation. Women produced 224 kg mushroom and sold in the local market @ Rs 35 per kg.com reh_hckvkhaz@sancharnet. Holycross (Directress & I/C). Success of women prompted 1026 tribal women to under go training on mushroom cultivation at KVK. Mushroom cultivation has been spread to aspiring farmers of both men and women from H Salient Features • Mushroom is a preferred food item in Jharkhand • Mushroom production is a low cost technology • Women can produce mushroom at household level with locally available resources • It has the potentiality to of fer additional income and employment to tribal women of Jharkhand • KVK as a facilitator can boost up the women to produce more and more mushroom other districts of Jharkhand. Initially 28 tribal women from four different villages were imparted training on mushroom production for three days at KVK.azaribag district is congenial for mushroom production throughout the year except the months of May and June. Endeavour of KVK proved very effective in providing sustainable livelihood to the tribal women of Hazaribag. Within five years. In place of certificate the women were provided with 20 medium size bags of spawn to start production in their houses with locally available materials. KVK Hazaribag introduced mushroom cultivation as an enterprise for sustainable livelihood option for tribal women by motivation. District Hazaribag-825301 Email: josiline@dte.in Ph: 06546-263083 Fax: 06546-263083/223304 M: 09430784848 209 . Bihar and West Bengal and they are regularly approaching KVK for technical guidance.in.net.vsnl. Mushroom is preferred by all the community of the district. Near Kanari Hill. persuasion. Development department of Hazaribag has provided mushroom shed to all the women who had undergone training at KVK. interaction and arousing interest in them through their visit to mushroom production unit of the KVK. Mushroom cultivation has provided alternate income and self employment to tribal women of Hazaribag. Sister Joseline Programme Coordinator Krishi Vigyan Kendra. Entire process from unit establishment to harvesting of mushroom was supervised by KVK.

Nagaland .Mushroom Production at High Altitude Areas 210 KVK Phek.

. NRCM Phek Pfutsero P. Six trainees from Pfutsero village. • Overall production was recorded 812 kg in 2008-09 that has increased to 1060 kg in 2009-10 • Now mushroom cultivation is being spread to other villages paddy straw as substrate on an expense of only Rs1805. 2 from Pfutseromi. and 2 from Sakaraba village have established mushroom production units. except during extreme cold months. 3 from Porba.P hek district is rich in natural flora and fauna. Considering all these facts. However producers of Pfutsero and Pfutseromi villages could sell about 70% of surplus produce. It has increased to 1060 kg in 200910. Kikruma and Zellome villages were encouraged to establish mushroom production units.com Ph: 03865-281436 Fax: 03865-281436 M: 09436606353 211 . After seeing the success of these units. could earn Rs 4500 for a batch of thirty bags having 2.5 kg Salient Features • Climate of Phek region suits well for oyster mushroom production • Introduced mushroom cultivation and farmers came forward to establish mushroom production units • Shri Lhiwepre Ritse could earn Rs 4500 for a batch of thir ty bags on an expense of only Rs 1805. KVK trained 70 farmers from five different villages during 2007-08. Overall production from adopted villages recorded 812 kg in 2008-09.O. KVK Phek disseminated cultivation of oyster mushroom among farmers of the district.com kvkphek@gmail. District Phek -797107 Email: rksingh3@gmail. Marketing of the produce is also not a problem as mushrooms are part of the food habit of tribal people. at household level with minimum inputs. Dr Raj Karan Singh Programme Coordinator Krishi Vigyan Kendra. Mushroom produced by the villagers other than Pfutsero and Pfutseromi villages was primarily consumed by boiling with other vegetables and meat (70%) or frying (10%). In some cases they dried the mushroom and preserved (20%). farmers from Gidemi. Shri Lhiwepre Ritse (09436010213) of Pfutseromi village. It can be grown round the year. who received training in the first batch. Climate suits well to oyster mushroom production as it grows well at moderate temperature ranging between 22 to 25°C with 55 to 70% humidity.

Rural Youth Self Employed through Apiculture 212 KVK Baran. Rajasthan .

Parents contacted KVK. This venture has not only enhanced the income of rural youth but also established them as a inspiring educated rural youth in apiculture enterprise. M: 09414662220 213 . Unemployed youth of other villages of Baran U Salient Features • KVK introduced apiculture as an enterprise among rural youth • Nine members rural youth adopted apiculture as an entrerprise and established 150 boxes apiary with the asistance of NHM and technical guidance of KVK • Each member of group earning Rs 83000 per year • Crop growers of Punjab. Then KVK conducted a pre-survey to judge the education and knowledge level of rural youth on which basis a training programme on apiculture technique was developed with an aim to provide employment opportunities for their livelihood security in rural area of Baran district. Some of the youth migrated to cities for getting job but high living cost and job availability forced them to return back to their villages. litchi. Later 50 more boxes were added.com Ph: 07457-244862 Fax: 07457-244862 Ph: 07453-231457 (R).5 lakh by the end of April 2010.farmers interface. Based on flowering cycle of crops like mustard. Gross income from apiculture unit was Rs. Dr Indra Narain Gupta Programme Coordinator Krishi Vigyan Kendra. KVK organised a 30 days training for unemployed youths on apiculture during December. • Provided quality honey to various firms including Khadi and Village Industries • Youth migration from villages to cities halted district got motivated and obtained training on apiculture from this group of entrepreneurs under the supervision of KVK Baran. Harayana and Baran district were benefited by bee cross pollination. Baran for guiding their children in new income earning activities related to agriculture. 2008 and upgraded their knowledge from time to time through scientists. Nine youth started an enterprise on apiculture.13. Station Road District Baran-325502 Email: kvkanta@rediffmail. Initially 100 boxes were arranged to them under the National Horticulture Mission scheme on 50% subsidy in 2009. corriender. They have submitted applications to NHM for establishing their own apiary units. they have shifted/migrated the bee hives from Baran district to villages of Punjab and Haryana. Each unemployed youth earned around Rs 83000 within a year. bajra. sufeda. cotton and sunflower.1 lakh and they got a net profit of Rs 7.nemployed youth of Baran district were highly frustrated and proved burden on the parents having meager earning from traditional farming.

Bee Keeping made Farmer as Entrepreneur 214 KVK South Sikkim. Sikkim .

incase proper training and guidance are provided to them. Shri Dawcho Lepcha. Horticulture and Cash Crop Development and Irrigation and Flood Control Department. Recently. Mrs Sherab. he expanded his colonies with eight boxes at subsidized rate from Horticulture Department. man has plundered colonies to get honey. Dorjee Programme Coordinator Krishi Vigyan Kendra. L. District South Sikkim-737137 Email: kvknamthang@gmail. In the second year. popular and economically beneficial insects. he sold Rs 12000 worth of honey and Rs 20000 worth of colonies to Science and Technology Department through KVK.H oney bees are one of the most well known. when officials of KVK of South Sikkim surveyed all the villages surrounding Namthang area to see the farming system adopted by the farmers. before starting the functioning of the Kendra and visited the farm of Shri Bal Bahadur and learnt that farmers of Namthang area are interested in Apiculture. Now honey bees are kept in artificial bee hives throughout the world.com Ph: 03592-241398 Fax: 03592-241398 M: 09434382519 215 . along with the other senior officers of both Agriculture and Horticulture visited his bee colonies. most keepers are hobbyist who have only few hives and who simply enjoys working with these busy and fascinating insect. For Bal Bahadur it is an additional income without any land requirement and time except for proper vigilance at times for pest. After the training Shri Bal Bahadur was in constant touch with KVK and established bee colonies in 2007 and sold first harvest of honey worth of Rs 6000. Many people make it a living from bees. South Sikkim Namthang. For thousands of years. Sixty farmers attended training. KVK South Sikkim envisages to make Namthang a honey belt from a dry belt of South Sikkim. By the end of 2008. Later in the same month KVK conducted four days training on bee keeping with the support of resource person from State Institute of Rural Development (SIRD) at its campus. KVK conducted a workshop to find out the prospect and constrains of bee keeping in Namthang area. Hon’ble Minister was impressed with his work and gave him cash prize. In the third Year up to June 2009 he has sold honey worth Rs17000 and has kept colonies worth Rs 100000 ready for sale to Science and Technology Department. Salient Features • • • • Shif ted bee colonies from wooden log to scientific bee boxes Rapid multiplication of colonies through scientific method Gained good market Increased crop yield and improved quality of produce due to cross pollination by honey bees near by fields • Farmer became an entrepreneur through bee keeping In March 2007. Hon’ble minister for Food Security and Agriculture Development.

A Tribal Farmer Becomes a Successful Bee-Keeper 216 KVK Ranchi. Jharkhand .

hri Taleswar Mahato. As mostly of his land was rainfed upland in nature. cereals. He invested his earning for better return from agriculture S Salient Features • Honey has considerable market demand • Bee-keeping is becoming popular among youths • Proper guidance can make this enterprise a lucrative one • Return from apiary is almost cer tain • Bee-keeping can be taken up throughout the year like digging two dug wells for irrigation. This was the beginning of the end of his plight.in Ph: 0651-2551008/2551970 Fax: 0651-2552427 M: 09431528998 217 . Ranchi used to work hard in his 3. pulses and oilseeds. a tribal farmer from 16 member family of Kharkhutoli village. other members of the family had to work as agriculture laboures in others field for sustenance of the family as the productivity was very low.. In the next four years total income earned was Rs 290700 by selling 34 bee-colonies @ Rs100 and 1710 kg honey @ Rs170 per kg.2 ha land to feed the family members.O. Then he started increasing the number of colony as well as selling out old colonies to earn dual income from colony and honey. application of bio and organic fertilizer. Shri Mahato enrolled his name for training on bee-keeping offered by KVK for duration of one month. With utmost sincerity and dedication Shri Mahato successfully completed the training and he started bee-keeping with two Italian bee boxes under the guidance of KVK faculty. Shri Ashok Kumar Jasu Programme Coordinator Divvayan Krishi Vigyan Kendra Morabadi P. District Ranchi-834008 Email: rch_divyayan@sancharnet. Diversified income from bee-keeping and agriculture has helped Shri Mahato to improve the socio-economic status of his family in that area. At the end of the same year he multiplied the bee-colony from 2 to 4 with production of 140 kg honey that fetched him Rs 9800. improved seeds of vegetable.

Haryana .Bee Keeping – As Subsidiary Enterprise 218 KVK Mohindergarh.

On exploring various possibilities in year 2003. Large scale adoption of bee keeping was the result of proper follow up of trainees in the field by KVK. • Recurring expenditure also is negligible • Requires simple equipments and thus provides rural employment for their fabrication • Migration of bee colonies during dear th period is the key for success • Pollination by bees improves the quality and quantity of the crop produces the year 2009. Punjab and Himachal Pradesh during this season. Declining water resources have further restricted the options of the farmers for adopting diversified irrigated cropping systems.com Ph: 01285-220293 M: 09416237404 219 . 105 beekeeping units have been established by the trainees of KVK in 22 villages. One of the problems faced in running the bee keeping units was to make arrangement of flora in dearth period (June-Sept) and it was overcome by migrating the bee colonies on hilly areas of Haryana. farmers of this area have no other option but to adopt subsidiary occupations. For easier management farmers were advised to form clubs. Then KVK Mohindergarh introduced scientific bee keeping in the district through organizing vocational training courses. 3060 q honey was produced from 7650 bee colonies. Farmers started migration of bee colonies which facilitated the adoption further. Under these circumstances.conomic status of farming community in Mohindergarh district of Haryana is relatively poor due to the small land holdings of the farmers. At present. A total of 528 farmers have been motivated towards setting up of bee keeping units in the year 2004 and subsequent years. In E Salient Features • Bee keeping does not compete with other agricultural enterprises for resources • Heavy initial investments not required. Dr Sube Singh Yadav Programme Coordinator Krishi Vigyan Kendra Mohindergarh-123029 Email: sckvkmgarh@gmail. bee keeping seemed to be a good option because mustard is the major rabi crop of the region.

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