mininginstitutebor. teh. viši nau ni saradnik Privredna komora Srbije Dr Mile Bugarin. Dr Dušan Gagi Rudarsko geološki fakultet Beograd Prof. podzemne i površinske eksploatacije. 030/454-254 Ure iva ki odbor Prof. dr Milivoj Vuli Univerzitet u Ljubljani.co. dr Rodoljub Stanojlovi Tehni ki fakultet Bor Prof. geomehanike i povezanih srodnih oblasti. Poljska Prof. godine. Izdava Institut za rudarstvo i metalurgiju Bor 19210 Bor. dr Jerzy Kicki Državni institut za mineralne sirovine i energiju.inž. viši nau ni saradnik Komitet za podzemnu eksploataciju mineralnih sirovina Resavica E-mail: mirko. Odeljenje za podzemno rudarstvo. BiH Prof. mineralogije. viši nau ni saradnik Institut za rudarstvo i metalurgiju Bor Dr Dragan Zlatanovi Ministarstvo rudarstva i energetike Srbije Dr Miodrag Deni Ugalj projekt Beograd Dr Duško ukanovi . 035/625-566 Urednik Vesna Marjanovi . teh. dr Miroslav Ignjatovi Institut za rudarstvo i metalurgiju Bor Prof. Prevodilac Nevenka Vukašinovi . Ignjatovi . Sva prava zadržana. Poljska Prof. Slovenija Prof. dr Nenad Vušovi Tehni ki fakultet Bor Dr Miroslav R. dr Mladen Stjepanovi Tehni ki fakultet Bor Prof. nau ni saradnik Institut za ispitivanje materijala Beograd Dr Ružica Lekovski. Izlazi dva puta godišnje od 2001. Krakov. Priprema za štampu Ljiljana Mesarec. dipl. dr Vitomir Mili Tehni ki fakultet Bor Prof. petrologije. dr Živorad Mili evi Tehni ki fakultet Bor Akademik Prof. 030/454-110 Zamenik glavnog i odgovornog urednika Dr Mirko Ivkovi . Ukrajina Prof.com Izdavanje asopisa finansijski podržavaju Ministarstvo za nauku i tehnološki razvoj Republike Srbije Institut za rudarstvo i metalurgiju Bor Komitet za podzemnu eksploataciju mineralnih sirovina Resavica ISSN 1451-0162 Indeksiranje asopisa u SCIndeksu i u ISI. BiH Prof.rs Tel.rs Tel. Zeleni bulevar 35 E-mail: nti@irmbor.rs Tel.ljubojev@irmbor.co. prof. dr Vladimir Bodarenko Nacionalni rudarski univerzitet. dopisni lan IAS Institut za rudarstvo i metalurgiju Bor E-mail: milenko. pripreme mineralnih sirovina. Štamparija: Grafomedtrade Bor Tiraž: 100 primeraka Internet adresa www. Tehni ki urednik Suzana Cvetkovi . nau ni saradnik Institut za rudarstvo i metalurgiju Bor Dr Jovo Miljanovi JP za podzemnu eksploataciju Resavica Mr Zlatko Dragosavljevi JP za podzemnu eksploataciju Resavica VODE I ASOPIS NACIONALNOG ZNA AJA M51 ZA 2010. dr Nebojša Vidanovi Rudarsko geološki fakultet Beograd Prof. dr Ne o uri Tehni ki institut. Glavni i odgovorni urednik Dr Milenko Ljubojev nau ni savetnik. Republika Srpska. dr Tajduš Antoni Stanislavov univerzitet za rudarstvo i metalurgiju. Krakov. . dr Mevludin Avdi RGGF-Univerzitet u Tuzli. Bjeljina.ivkovic@jppeu.INSTITUT ZA RUDARSTVO I METALURGIJU BOR KOMITET ZA PODZEMNU EKSPLOATACIJU MINERALNIH SIROVINA RUDARSKI RADOVI je asopis baziran na bogatoj tradiciji stru nog i nau nog rada u oblasti rudarstva. geologije.

D.D. Miroslav R.D.co. Senior Research Associate Mining and Metallurgy Institute Bor Ph.D. Vitomir Mili Technical Faculty Bor Prof. Zeleni bulevar 35 E-mail: nti@irmbor. Bjeljina. Poland Prof. Ukraine Prof. Dragan Zlatanovi Ministry of Mining and Energy of Republic Serbia Ph. as well as related fields of science.Ph.ljubojev@irmbor.rs Phone: +38130/454-110 Co-Editor Ph. mineralogy. Tajduš Antoni The Stanislaw University of Mining and Metallurgy.Ph. Nebojša Vidanovi Faculty of Mining and Geology Belgrade Prof. Krakow. petrology. Ne o uri Technical Institute. Nenad Vušovi Technical Faculty Bor Ph.Eng.Ph.Sc.D.mininginstitutebor. Mile Bugarin. Department of Deposit Mining.D. Associate member of ESC Mining and Metallurgy Institute Bor E-mail: milenko. Since 2001. Ružica Lekovski. Miodrag Deni Coal Project Belgrade Ph. .Ph. Jerzy Kicki Gospodarkl Surowcami Mineralnymi i Energia. Miroslav Ignjatovi Mining and Metallurgy Institute Bor Prof.Ph.D.D. Principal Reasearch Fellow.Ph. B&H Prof.D.Ph.D.D. Rodoljub Stanojlovi Technical Faculty Bor Prof. Ignjatovi . mineral processing. Published by Mining and Metallurgy Institute Bor 19210 Bor.D. Research Associate Institute for Testing Materials Belgrade Ph.MINING AND METALLURGY INSTITUTE BOR COMMITTEE OF UNDERGROUND EXPLOITATION OF THE MINERAL DEPOSITS MINING ENGINEERING is a journal based on the rich tradition of expert and scientific work from the field of mining. B.Ph. Mladen Stjepanovi Technical Faculty Bor Prof. Poland Prof.rs Phone: +38135/625-566 Editor Vesna Marjanovi . Krakow.D.co.D. All rights reserved. Jovo Miljanovi PC for Underground Exploitation Resavica M. Senior Research Associate Chamber of Commerce and Industry Serbia Ph.D.Ph.Ph. Zlatko Dragosavljevi PC for Underground Exploitation Resavica LEADING NATIONAL JOURNAL CATEGORIZATION M51 FOR 2010. Mevludin Avdi MGCF-University of Tuzla.ivkovic@jppeu.D. Slovenia Prof.Ph. underground and open-pit mining. Dušan Gagi Faculty of Mining and Geology Belgrade Prof.rs Phone: +38130/454-254 Editorial Board Prof. published twice a year. Editor-in-chief Ph. Milenko Ljubojev.Ph.Ph.D.com MINING ENGINEERING is financially supported by The Ministry of Science and Technological Development of the Republic Serbia Mining and Metallurgy Institute Bor Committee of Underground Exploitation of the Mineral Deposits Resavica ISSN 1451-0162 Journal indexing in SCIndex and ISI.D. B&H Prof. Duško Djukanovi .D. geology. Mirko Ivkovi .D. Živorad Mili evi Technical Faculty Bor Academic Prof. geomechanics. Vladimir Bodarenko National Mining University. Milivoj Vuli University of Ljubljana. Senior Research Associate Committee of Underground Exploitation of the Mineral Deposits Resavica E-mail: mirko. Research Associate Mining and Metallurgy Institute Bor Ph.D. English Translation Nevenka Vukašinovi Technical Editor Suzana Cvetkovi Preprinting Ljiljana Mesarec Printed in: Grafomedtrade Bor Circulation: 100 copies Web site www.D.Ph.D. Republic Srpska.

.... L...........................SADR@AJ CONTENS V.................... Miliji ODLAGANJE OPASNOG OTPADA NA DEPONIJE U SKLADU SA DIREKTIVOM EVROPSKE UNIJE O DEPONIJAMA BR..................................... CEMENTARA I DEO KALUŠI A) SA PRORA UNOM REZERVI PROGRAMOM ZA MODELOVANJE LEŽIŠTA I PROJEKTOVANJE POVRŠINSKIH KOPOVA MINEX 5........ Bugarin......................... Ljubojev.... Mili PRIMENA MODERNIH RA UNARSKIH URE AJA I ALATA ZA SMANJENJE AKCIDENTNIH SITUACIJA U RUDARSKIM SISTEMIMA..........99 M......... Jovanovi D............................... Bugarin........ R. Miki ........................ Ljubojev.................... osi ............... Stevanovi ...... V........................ Slavkovi .........................115 Lj.....123 DISPOSAL OF HAZARDOUS WASTE ON THE LANDFILL IN ACCORDANCE WITH THE COUNCIL DIRECTIVE OF THE EUROPEAN UNION ON THE LANDFILL OF WASTE No... D.................. Maksimovi .....3.........................93 REVIEW OF CURRENT NATIONAL LEGISLATION IN THE FIELD OF WASTE MANAGEMENT AND DISPOSAL ...........................133 ...... ur evac Ignjatovi ...................2..............................73 Lj..........41 DEPOSITION OF TAILINGS FROM THE QUARTZ SEPARATION PLANT OF THE ''KAONA'' DEPOSIT NEAR KU EVO .........1 GEOMODEL DEVELOPMENT OF COAL DEPOSITS (POTRLICA................ M.. D..........................53 MODELING OF STRESS-DEFORMATION STATE USING THE NUMERICAL METHODS IN THE WIDE FACE MINING... Ignjatovi . D............................ Z.................... M.................... V............ D.......... Lekovski PREGLED AKTUELNOG DOMA EG ZAKONODAVSTVA IZ OBLASTI UPRAVLJANJA I DEPONOVANJA OTPADA .... H........................ Uroševi . .................. M.........................47 S......................................... Damnjanovi ...................................................2................................... Ljubojev................................. K................... Z.................. R. Djenadi ................................... Raki DEFORMABILNOST I NOSIVOST NASUTOG MATERIJALA U NEPOSREDNOJ BLIZINI OTVORA OKNA NA P................................................. CEMENTARA AND A PART OF KALUSIC) WITH THE CALCULATION OF RESERVES USING THE PROGRAM OF DEPOSIT MODELLING AND DESIGN THE OPEN PITS MINEX 5..........23 D... D......................107 DEFORMATION AND BEARING CAPACITY OF BURRIED MATERIAL NEAR THE SHAFT OPENING AT THE OPEN PIT MINE ”ZAGRADJE”-OPEN PIT 2 ...........29 USE OF MODERN COMPUTER EQUIPMENT AND TOOLS TO REDUCE THE OCCURRENCE OF ACCIDENTS IN THE MINING SISTEMS.. Pantovi ........ Stevanovi ..... G..... M. 1999/31/EU ..........................................3........... Rajkovi ........ Obradovi .......................................................... Okanovi MODELIRANJE NAPONSKO-DEFORMACIJSKOG STANJA NUMERI KIM METODAMA KOD ŠIROKO ELNOG OTKOPAVANJA......... Petrovi . Maksimovi VREDNOVANJE KORISNE SIROVINE OKA MARINA...... R.. “ZAGRA E” – KOP – 2 ............... Obradovi . 1999/31/EC ....... Marinkovi ............................ Milanovi ODLAGANJE JALOVINE IZ SEPARACIJE KVARCA LEŽIŠTA ''KAONA'' KOD KU EVA..... Kržanovi IZRADA GEOMODELA LEŽIŠTA UGLJA (POTRLICA......................... Z.................. M.....35 Lj.............. Bugarin.....17 VALUATION OF RAW MINERAL FOR THE COKA MARIN DEPOSIT .................. .......................... Obradovi . M......9 M............ Z.. M....................

Stevanovi IZDVAJANJE BAKRA KOMBINOVANIM TRETMANOM KOPOVSKE RASKRIVKE KISELIM RUDNI KIM VODAMA SA LOKACIJE RUDNIKA "CEROVO" I DOBIJANJE SOLI BAKAR-SULFAT PENTAHIDRATA . Stevanovi UTICAJ MEHANO-HEMIJSKE AKTIVACIJE FLOTACIJSKE JALOVINE NA STEPEN IZDVAJANJA KORISNIH KOMPONENTI..........R.. Obradovi ....... Gardi ............. Bugarin...................................................161 R....................155 EFFECT OF MECHANICAL-CHEMICAL ACTIVATION OF FLOTATION TAILINGS ON REMOVAL THE USEFUL COMPONENTS......................... D........................ R............149 R. J........................ Todorovi .......... Lj... Petrov........................................... Lj........... Lj....... Avramovi ....... Markovi ....... Mladenovi ....... Jonovi ............. Lj.................. V.........................................171 ......... Z.... Markovi ............143 RECYCLING OF LEAD WASTE ..................................167 COPPER REMOVAL USING THE COMBINED TREATMENT OF OVERBURDEN BY THE ACID MINE WATER FROM THE ABANDONED COPPER MINE "CEROVO" AND OBTAINING THE COPPER-SULPHATE PENTAHYDRATE....... Stevanovi .... Z.......... Stanojevi Šimši RECIKLAŽA OLOVNOG OTPADA .............................. M..... Uroševi ................................. Obradovi ... M........... R...

29 RUDARSKI RADOVI . Analizom termograma konstrukcije bagera locirana su mesta na kojima su pove ane temperature na konstrukciji rotornog bagera usled dinami kih naprezanja tokom rada sistema. Termovizijskom analizom mogu se brzo i precino prona i kriti ni delovi u sistemu koji mogu dovesti do otkaza istog.ac. od jednostavnih do najsloženijih radnih aktivnosti. Kao primer uzet je rotorni bager SchRs 800. ona omogu ava da se vrši bez kontaktno merenje tempera- * Tehni ki fakultet u Boru . onda uvek postoji dilema kojim putem. Osnovni procesi rudarstva u toku svog rada su destruktivnim uticajem razli itih aktivnosti koje mogu zna ajno umanjiti njihov kvalitet.2010. U ovom radu dat je prikaz primene termovizije u industriji kao efikasnogna ina pra enja stanja sistema.INSTITUT ZA RUDARSTVO I METALURGIJU BOR KOMITET ZA PODZEMNU EKSPLOATACIJU MINERALNIH SIROVINA YU ISSN: 1451-0162 UDK: 622 UDK: 622:681. Dakle. Tehni ki sistemi u rudarstvu predstavljaju katakteristi na stanja pojedinih tehnologija u kontekstu funkcionalnih karakteristika. informacionih tehnologija i primenom FTA i FMECA metoda za identifikaciju. Zvonko Damnjanovi *. O TERMOVIZIJI Termovizija predstavlja snimanje temperature tela. Ako se tome doda da ve ina sistema nije adekvatno održavana godinama.e-mail: dpetrovic@tf.bor. napon. Radoje Pantovi *. Klju ne re i: termovizija. Kombinovanjem tehnika termovizijske analize sa merenjima napona koriste i merne trake. Poznato je da sva tela emituju odre enu koli inu toplote ( al i led). rotorni bager UVOD Razvoj tehnologije u rudarsrvu doveo je do stvaranja složenih tehni kih sistema koji se teško mogu sagledati bez sistemskog pristupa. Merenja termovizijskom kamerom spadaju u grupu nedestruktivnih metoda ispitivanja i omogu uji kontinualno. Praenje emitovanja ovog vida zra enja našlo je široku primenu u pra enju razli itih pojava u raznim granama industrije. Dalibor Djenadi *. Vitomir Mili * PRIMENA MODERNIH RA UNARSKIH URE AJA I ALATA ZA SMANJENJE AKCIDENTNIH SITUACIJA U RUDARSKIM SISTEMIMA Izvod Veliki rudarski sistemi zahtevaju obimno održavanje za koje je potrebno izdvojiti dosta velika nov ana sredstva kojima se optere uje poslovanje preduze a. analiza rizika. termovizijska kamera. analizu tipova u efekata kriti nih otkaza sa analizom rizika moze dati veliki doprinos poboljšanju održavanja rudarskih sistema.rs Broj 2.51(045)=861 Dejan Petrovi * . precizno i brzo odre ivanje raspodela temperatura sistema koji se analizira u realnim uslovima. naša re je zapuštenost. analiti kih i metodoloških na ina.

pri emu su intenziteti. Odre ene IC kamer imaju ugra en softver koji omoguava korisniku da se fokusira na specifi ne oblasti OMS i izra una temperaturu.5-13 m.ture objekta. rezultat ovih analiza je slika. koje se nekada nazivaju i infracrvene kamere. vizuelna infromacija. Za razliku od drugih tehnologija kao što su poja iva i osvetljena. Treba napomenuti da dobijene termovizijske slike predstavljaju pseudo slike. izmerenih inracrvenih zra enja. sposobne su da registruju minimalne razlike u temperaturi i da njih konvertuju u jasnu termalnu sliku na kojoj se mogu uo iti i najsitniji detalji. Drugi sistemi koriste ra unar ili sistem podataka sa spacijalizovanim softverom koji omoguava temperaturnu analizu. dobijene koriš enjem odgovaraju ih LUT tabela. Elektromagnetni spektar sa IC delom spektra koji koristi termovizija Broj 2. Termovizijsko snimanje objekata odvija se u infracrvenoj oblasti od 7. Slika 1. Analizom dobijenih termovizijskoh informacija omogu ava se višezna na uporedna komparacija termograma i ostalih izmerenih veli ina. predstavljeni bojom. Infracrveni spektar u ovoj oblasti daje informacije o raspodeli temperaura na površini posmatranog objekta ili procesa. Na taj na in korisnik dobija trenutnu informaciju o raspodeli temperatura na posmatranom objektu u vidu vizuelnih informacija. IC kamera je po konstrukciji sli na digitalnoj video kameri. [1]. 30 RUDARSKI RADOVI .3 mrad. za boje ili valere boja. Termalne kamere. Njoj svetlost uopšte nije potrebna. kojima je potrebna barem mala koli ina svetlosti da bi dali sliku. Za razliku od ostalih infracrvenih analiza objekata. ime se omogu ava sveobuhvatna analiza problema i preventivno delovanje. temalna tehnologija može da vidi u totalnom mraku. sa spektralnom rezolucijom od 1. odnosno programskim vezivanjem temperature.2010.

TERMOVIZIJA U RUDARSTVU Mogu nost primene termovizijskih kamera u rudarstvu je jako velika. . .. izvoznih mašina.merenje temperature delova motora. .odre ivanje debljine obloga u mlinovima i napona u istim. Slika 2.odre ivanje mesta na šasijama jamskih kamiona gde se javljaju najve i naponi. elektro vodova.merenje i provera napona na konstrukcijama pretovarnih mostova i odlaga a trakastih transportera.otkrivanje i pra enje promene napona na delovima bagera (streli.Temovizija je našla vema veliku primenu u svim sverama društva: mašinskoj i elektro industriji. Samim tim proizvodnja je pra ena brojnim zastojima zbog kvarova na opremi i mehanizaciji. za merenje temperature na radnom organu rotornog bagera.analiza stanja pneumatika kamiona. nosa u kašike i samoj kašici. spasila kim i vatrogasnim službama. drobili nih postrojenja. osovina i konstrukcija pogonskih i povratnih stanica trakastih transportera. Upravo je to pravo mesto delovanja i primene tremovizije u rudarstvu.u trafostanicama za otkrivanje preoptere enih osigura a.kontrola temperature pojedinih delova elektromotora kod kamiona. . rudarstvu. . uklopnika . kao što je: . ležajeva. iz prostog razloga što su procesi pri eksploataciji i preradi korisne mineralne sirovine jako složeni uz upotrebu kompleksne mehanizacije i opreme. Pra enje temparaturnih promena termovizijskom kamerom na opremi i objektima.merenje temperature elektromotora. ure aja za hla enje i izduvnog sistema jamskih kamiona. ure aju za kretanje) .2010. auto industriji.pra enje temperature ure aja za koenje na kamionima. . na pra enju i ranom otkrivanju kriti nih elemenata sistema i preventivnom delovanju. gra evinarstvu. policiji. . medicini. . industriji prerade drveta. spojnice. . 31 RUDARSKI RADOVI .Na slede oj slici može se videti jedan od mnogih primera primene termovizijske kamere. . . . pumpnih agregata. Termovizijski snimak i standardna fotografija radnog organa rotornog bagera [3] Broj 2.. procesnoj industriji. sklopki. kao posledice pojave napona primenljivo je u gotovo svim fazama podzemne i površinske eksploatacije.merenje temperature ležajeva i elektromotora mlinova za mlevenje rude.

. .2010.javljaju oksidacioni procesi kao predfaze požara. .pre enje oksidacionih procesa na deponijama korisne mineralne sirovine i detektovanje pojave požara na istim. 32 RUDARSKI RADOVI . . Termovizijski snimak i standardna fotografija rudni kog transformatora Broj 2. . Slika 3.otkrivanje delova rudnika u kojima se . . radionice.pra enje stanja napona u sigurnosnim stubovima podzemnih prostorija i stubova u otkopnim komorama .Tako e može se primeniti za : . postolja trakastih transportera). Termovizijski snimak i standardna fotografija bagera Komatsu PC 4000 Slika 4.otkrivanje pukotina na objektima koji se nalaze u blizini kopa (postolja drobili nih postrojenja.otkrivanje i pra enje pukotina u bokovima kopa.

sigurno funkcionisanje sistema je ugroženo. dok sistem za pozicioniranje smislu ograni enja rizika – mogu nost nastanka rizi nih doga aja...2010.ANALIZA RIZIKA U RUDARSTVU Moderni multivarijabilni pristup aspektu problema bezbednosti name e uslove za velikim stepenom pouzdanosti i sigurnosti procesa u rudarstvu... izražava u obliku: t1 P0 ti 0 f t 0 dt 0 .. a znatno manje ako se upore uju razli iti sistemi. Takve se greške moraju u potpunosti izbegavati .. efekti i analiza kriti nosti). Funkcija pogodnosti održavanja se. a najve i uticaj ima unugodnosti održavanja jeste da obezbedi maksimalnu gotovost sistema uz minimalne troškove održavanja i minimalne zastoje. [6] Pogodnost održavanja je naro ito prikladna za ocene izvršenih izmena ili poboljšanja odre enog sistema održavanja ili tehni kog sistema koji se odražava. Tehni ki sistemi i procesi u toku svog radnog veka su pod dejstvom raznih destruktivnih uticaja koji mogu ozbiljno Broj 2. [7]. Kao kna an ishod može izazavati upotrbu dodatnih finansijskih sredstava.vreme trajanja održavanja f(to). Item ToolKit.. [7].. (1) gde su: to. Greška može da uti e na kona ni ishod u ve oj ili manjojmeri.. Takvi zahtevi su opravdani injenicom da postoji potreba za smanjenje rizika.. odnosno minimalno vreme održavanja uz minimalnu logisti ku podršku. na direktan ili indirektan na in.eliminisati.funkcija gustine ovog vremena. Neki od otkaza rudarske mehanizacije. Bezbedno.. Asent.. za procenu rizika postoje više modernih metoda kao što su FTA (analza stabla grešaka) i FMECA ( modeli otkaza. Bezbedno. Na pogodnost održavanja uti e ve i broj faktora kao što su: uslovi eksploatacije. sigurno funkcionisanje sistema je ugroženo. Slika 5... Takve se greške moraju u potpunosti izbegavati .eliminisati. kvalitet sistema održavanja.. po definiciji. Danas. Prethodni napori u odnosu na zahteve u procesu projektovanja sistema i potrebu za redizajniranje postoje ih koji funkcionišu duže vreme. Rudarska industrija je oblast od posebnog interesa gde se mogu primeniti nau na znanja u sferi rizika. Na njihovim osnovama razvijeno je mnoštvo alata i programa za analizu rizika (Design Safe.. kvalitet logisti ke podrške. …)[5].. 33 RUDARSKI RADOVI .

G..flirthermography. 10th International conference ”Research and Development in Mechanical Industry” . 2 (2008).RaDMI 2010. 16-19. vol. 122-130.: Evaluation of maintence the air-driven fans and work safety in the underground mine. [8].. Broj 2. p 58-67. smanjiju se gubici usled zastoja i prekida proizvodnje i omogu ava izradu efikasnog plana preventivnog održavanja Kombinovanjem ova dva na ina za pra enje i analizu i upotrebom modenih softverskih alata (programa Design Safe. A. Radosavljevi M..: Changeability as a basic working load characteristic of machinery for mechanization. 16-19.: Risk assessment and managing technical systems in case of mining industry. Šanse pojavljivanja i o ekivane posledice dogaaja u ciklusu smatraju se rizikom u sistemu analize tokom perioda uvo enja ili odre enog procesa (kombinovanje u estalosti i verovatno e pojavljivanja. i veoma kratkom roku otkriva lokacije na kojima može do i do havarije. …) može se smanjiti broj otkaza sistema i cena koštanja održavanja rudarskih sistema. Gaši V. Zrni N. p 726-733. Petkovi Z. and Petrovi D. Strojniški Vestnik – Journal of Mechanical Engineering 55 (2009) 2.. ur i S. September 2010. Natsis.: Bio-effects of ionizing radiation and protection. analizu tipa. efekata kriti nih otkaza i analize rizika može dati veliki doprinos poboljšanju održavanja rudarskih sistema. Upotreba termovizije u industriji omogu ava pra enje rada sistema u neometano funkcinisanje mašina i postrojenja. Donji Milanovac. Item ToolKit. p. LITERATURA [1] www.com/about [2] Biocanin R. Damnjanovi Z.fmea-fmeca. September 2010. http://www. Martinovi B. Lojan i R. p. Donji Milanovac. 10th International conference ”Research and Development in Mechanical Industry” RaDMI 2010.com Bošnjak S.. Rudarski Radovi – Mines Engineering 1/2007 p 38-45. Radosavljevi S. Jovani P. Lili N.RaDMI 2010. Bogdanovi B.: Models of reliability for cutting tools: Examples in manufacturing and agricultural engineering. Petropoulos. p 600-609. 54 no. 16-19. P. Daši . Strojniški vestnik – Journal of Mechanical Engineering. Upotrebom termovizije u industrijskom održavanju smanjuju se direktni troškovi održavanja. kao i rezultat odre enog štetnog doga aja). 10th International conference ”Research and Development in [3] [4] [5] [6] [7] [8] Mechanical Industry” .. Asent..smanjiti kvalitet njihovog rada. ZAKLJU AK Primena modrenih metoda FTA (analiza stabla greške) i FMECA (modeli otkaza. Daši P.. Donji Milanovac. 119-130.: Thermal analysis of SCHRS 800 continous excavator construction frame on open pit Drmno.. 34 RUDARSKI RADOVI . efekti i analiza kriti nosti) za identifikaciju. September 2010.2010.

51(045)=20 Dejan Petrovi * .2010. Key words: thermography. wheel excavator INTRODUCTION Development of technology in mining has led to the creation of complex technical systems that can hardly be seen without a systematic approach to the analytical and methodological terms. Effects and Criticality Analysis) modern methods for identification. The basic mining processes in their operation are subjected to the destructive impact of various activities that can significantly reduce their quality. Vitomir Mili * USE OF MODERN COMPUTER EQUIPMENT AND TOOLS TO REDUCE THE OCCURRENCE OF ACCIDENTS IN THE MINING SISTEMS Abstract Large mining systems require extensive maintenance that needs to asset a lot of large financial assets that burden the business enterprises. the areas with higher temperature on the wheel excavator construction can be located due to the dynamic tensions during the system operation. By combining the thermal imaging techniques with tension measurements using the measuring tape. Monitoring of heat emissions has found wide application in monitoring of different phenomena in various fields of industry.bor. ITC and use of FTA(Fault Tree Analysis) and FMECA (Failure Models.MINING AND METALLURGY INSTITUTE BOR COMMITTEE OF UNDERGROUND EXPLOITATION OF THE MINERAL DEPOSITS YU ISSN: 1451-0162 UDK: 622 UDK: 622:681. the analysis of types in the effects of critical failures with the risk analysis can make a great contribution to the maintenance improvement of mining systems. tension. By thermography analyzing. This paper gives a description of thermography use in the industry as the efficient way of monitoring the system condition. accurate and quick determination of distribution system temperature that is analyzed in real conditions. It is known that all objects emit a certain amount of heat (even ice). Serbia .e-mail: dpetrovic@tf. Thermal imaging analysis can quickly and precisely find the critical parts in the system that can result into a failure of the same. Technical systems in mining represent distinctive conditions of some specific technologies in a context of functional features. IR camera * Technical Faculty Bor. thermal camera. Therefore. The wheel excavator SchRs 800 was used as an example. 35 MINING ENGINEERING . from simple to the most complex work activities. Radoje Pantovi *. Dalibor Djenadi *. ABOUT THERMOGRAPHY Thermography is recording of object heat. our word is disrepair. Bor.rs No 2. If it is added to this that the most systems are not properly maintained for years. Measurements of thermal cameras belong to a group that testing without destroying materials and provide continuous. University of Belgrade.ac. risk analysis. Zvonko Damnjanovi *. it allows without contact temperature measuring. then there is always a doubt which way to go.

thermal technology can see in total darkness.is similar in the construction to a digital video camera. sometimes referred to as the infrared cameras.2010. Electromagnetic spectrum with IR part of spectrum used by the mography [2] No 2. Analyzing the obtained thermovision information gives a possibility if multi important parallel comparison of thermograms and other measured values allowing a comprehensive analysis of problems and preventive action. obtained using the appropriate LUT tables or program linking temperature for color. which can spot the smallest details. are able to register minimum differences in temperature and convert them into a clear thermal image. Thermal cameras record images in infrared area of 7. 36 MINING ENGINEERING . Certain infrared cameras have built-in software that allows user to focus on specific areas of OMS and calculate the temperature. Thermal cameras. he results of these IR analyses is the image. It does not need a light. In this way the user can get immediate information on distribution of temperature on the observed object in the form of visual information. The infrared spectrum in this area gives the information on distribution of temperatures on the surface of observed object or process [1].5-13 m with a spectral resolution of 1. It should be noted that the obtained thermal imaging images are pseudo-images. visual information with intensity. Unlike other technologies that require a small amount of light to give an image. Figure 1.3 mrad. Other systems use a computer or data system with specialized software that allows the temperature analysis. where the intensities of measured IR radiations are represented by color.

electrical transformers.determination of mill lining thickness and tension in the same.temperature measuring of bearings and electrical motors of mills for ore grinding. device for cooling and exhaust system of underground trucks. for the simple reason that the processes of ore mining and processing are very complex with the use of complex machinery and equipment.temperature control of some electric motor parts on trucks. . . bucket and driving device). Monitoring of temperature changes by thermal camera on equipment and facilities. such as: . Figure 2.condition analysis of underground truck tires. crushing plants.Thermography has found a large use in all spheres of society: mechanical and electrical industry.tension measuring and checking on constructions of reloading bridges and disposer of belt conveyors. is applicable in nearly all phases of underground and surface mining. car industry. rescue and fire services… THERMOGRAPHY IN MINING Possibility of use the thermo vision camera in mining industry is very large. electrical cables. Thermal camera image and standard photo of wheel excavator [3] No 2.2010. . switchers… Figure 2 presents one of many example of use the thermal camera for temperature measuring on the working device of wheel excavator. . Therefore the production is accompanied by numerous delays due to the failures on equipment and machinery.temperature monitoring of braking device for braking on trucks. wood processing industry.in electrical substations for detection the overloaded fuses. couplings.determination of spots on the underground truck boxes with the highest tensions.temperature measuring of electric motors. pump aggregates. . bearings. . as the consequence of tension. bucket carrier.detecting and monitoring the changes of tension on parts of excavators (arrow. axles and construction of driving and recurrent stations of belt conveyors. construction. That is real place for action and implementation the thermal cameras in mining on monitoring and early detection the critical elements of system and preventive action. processing industry. mining. 37 MINING ENGINEERING . hoisting machines. medicine. .temperature measuring of engine parts. . . . police.

. 38 MINING ENGINEERING .detection of the mine parts where the oxidative processes occur as direct indicator of mine fires. Mining No 2. .Thermal camera can be also used for: .monitoring of oxidative processes on landfills of coal and detection of fire occurrences in the same.detection of cracks in buildings that are close to the open pit (crushing plant stands.detection and monitoring cracks in the sides of open mine.2010. . Such requirements are justified by the fact that there is a need for risk reduction. stands of belt conveyors). .monitoring of tensions in the security pillars around underground chambers and pillars in rooms for excavation… Figure 3. Thermal camera image and standard photo of mine transformer RISK ANALYSIS IN MINING Modern multi-aspect approach to the occupational safety problems imposes the requirements for high degree of reliability and safety of the process in mining. workshops. Thermal camera image and standard photo of Komatsu PC 4000 excavator Figure 4.

while the positioning system within the context of risk limits / possibility of occurrence the risky events. and considerably less if different systems are compared... Asent...density function of this time Technological systems and processes during their life cycle are under various destructive influences which can considerably reduce the quality of their operation.. On theirs bases is developed many tools and programs for risk analysis (Design Safe. quality of logistic support and the highest benefit of maintenance is maximum impact of the system with minimum maintenance costs and minimum downtime.. Number of factors has influence on the benefit of maintenance such as mining conditions.maintenance time f(to). 39 MINING ENGINEERING . [7].. is expressed by the next formula: t1 where: to. Safe and secure function of the system is threatened. Such faults need to be completely avoided/eliminated. that is minimum time of maintenance with minimum logistic support. Maintainability function. Today. A fault can affect the final outcome to greater or lesser extent.... Previous efforts in relation to the requirements in the process of system design and the need for redesign the existing ones that have worked a long time... Item ToolKit. Effects and P0 t i 0 f t0 dt0 .. The chances of unwanted events and anticipated consequences of the events in the cycle are considered to be a risk in the system analysis during the established length of time or a certain process (the combination of frequency and chances of appearing. as well as the result of certain adverse event) [8]. by definition. Figure 5.) [5]..(1) No 2. Some failures of mining mechanization [6] Maintainability is especially suitable for evaluation the completed changes or improvements to a certain system maintenance or technical system that reflects.. As the final outcome.. Effect and Criticality Analysis). [4].. CONCLUSION The use of FTA (Fault Tree Analysis) and FMECA (Failure Models..industry is a field of particular interest concerning the use of scientific knowledge within the sphere of risk. it can cause the use of unplanned financial resources. many modern methods exist for risk analysis such as FTA (Fault Tree Analysis) and FMECA (Failure Models. in a direct or indirect way.. quality of maintenance system.2010.

Combining these two ways for monitoring and analysis and using modern computer tools (programs Design Safe. 38-45(in Serbian) [8] Daši .: Thermal Analysis of SCHRS 800 Continuous Excavator Construction Frame at the OpenPit Drmno. Lojan i R. pgs. 2 (2008). Donji Milanovac.com [6] Bošnjak S. 726-733 (in Serbian) [3] Jovani P. 119-130 [5] http://www. 16-19 September 2010. 54. Item ToolKit …) number of delays and cost of maintaining mining systems could be reduced. Strojniški Vestnik – Journal of Mechanical Engineering 55 (2009) 2. ur i S. 10th International Conference ”Research and Development in Mechanical Industry” RaDMI 2010. and in a very short period of time reveals locations in the system where damages may occur. effects of critical failures and risk analysis can lead to a high benefit in maintenance the mining systems.. losses could be reduced due to delays and interruption of production. Donji Milanovac. 16-19 September 2010. 10th International Conference ”Research and Development in Mechanical Industry” . Zrni N.Criticality Analysis) modern methods for identification. Models of Reliability for Cutting Tools: Examples in Manufacturing and Agricultural Engineering.: Evaluation of Maintenance the Air-driven Fans and Work Safety in the Underground Mine. Mining Engineering 1/2007.. Strojniški Vestnik – Journal of Mechanical Engineering.. Asent. 10th International Conference ”Research and Development in Mechanical Industry” RaDMI 2010. 40 MINING ENGINEERING ...RaDMI 2010. pgs. Vol. 600-609(in Serbian) [4] Radosavljevi S. pgs.... 58-67 (in Serbian). 16-19 September 2010. Using thermography recording and monitoring in the industrial maintenance.2010. pgs. and Petrovi D. G. Martinovi B. analysis of types..: Bio-effects of Ionizing Radiation and Protection. pgs. No. 122-130 No 2. the direct maintenance costs could be reduced.fmea-fmeca.flirthermography. Lili N. Radosavljevi M. Gaši V.. REFERENCES [1] www. P.: Changeability as the Basic Working Load Characteristic of Machinery for Mechanization.: Risk Assessment and managing Technical Systems in a Case of Mining Industry. [7] Bogdanovi B. Petkovi Z.com/about [2] Biocanin R. Donji Milanovac. Daši P. Natsis.. Petropoulos. Damnjanovi Z... and allows development of effective preventive maintenance plan. A. The use of themography in industry allows the system monitoring without stoppage of operation the machinery and equipments. pgs.

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