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TESOL Teacher

1 To focus on guidelines for giving good instruction s 2 To focus on the benefits of good instruction s 3 To provide solutions to poor instruction s 4 To give task closure Chunking and staging Grading language (simplifying) Task boundaries

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Materials/ comment

Suggested Procedure for a TESOL Training Workshop/Input


Task: Teachers imagine that they heard a new and struggling teacher giving these instructions. What advice would they give to the teacher on instruction sets? When the teachers are reporting back on their discussion, shape what they say into the following vocabulary that is used in the workshop.

OHP Poor Instructions Groups An alternative to this is to demonstrate a bad instruction set yourself

Task: Teachers decide on 5 benefits of good instructions. Suggest approach is to put teachers in pairs and the winning pair is the first to come up with five different benefits (see page 3)

This stage is just to clarify the benefits of the input session. Pairs

Teachers work in pairs to identify the teaching issue. Ensure that it is clear that all the comments are an issue. Pairs the regroup into 4s to consolidate answers and share knowledge

Identifying the issue handout

Put the cards around the room in a random order. Teachers must move around and find the correct solution for each issue. Answers: 1/J 2./E 3/H 4/D 5/I 6/F 7/B 8/A 9/C 10/G

Identify the issues answer cards

TESOL Teacher

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TESOL Teacher
5 To set up the feedback task Each has one of the following roles: Teacher Student (x2) Observer

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To give instruction practice and performance feedback

This activity is based on teachers practicing giving instructions to their peers whilst being observed by a colleague who will give feedback once the task is over. Arrange teachers into groups of 4.

This works very well if you can put each group of 4 into a separate space or room so that they are not distracted by other groups. If you have larger numbers then divide the groups into 6 so that there are 4 students. Give all the teachers an activity to set up. Let them prepare together for a few minutes before going back to instruct their group. The observer should sit away from the students and not be obtrusive or comment whilst the instruction set is in progress. Once the task instructions are complete and students are on task then the activity can stop and the observer can give the teacher performance feedback Suggested Activities Overall the more complex the task the better it is. Choose activities from course book or supplementary materials that are in common use in the school. Or, an alternative is to give each group a selection of materials and ask them to select activities that a teacher from another group has to set up. 6 To give closure to the workshop The handout can be given at the end of the workshop as a summary document or before the practice session so that participants have a reference document. Handout How to give great instructions

TESOL Teacher

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