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**Greeting: I am Joe Nahhas founder of real time physics and astronomy
**

Abstract: Hubble's constant can be derived from Newton's equation F = -G m M/r2; r > 0

and equals to: H0 = [(2π/T) - (2π/T0)] ≈ √ (2 π) (4π/T0) (v/c) 2

= 74.179 km/sec/mega parsec; T0 = Earth's period in seconds; v = Earth's spin velocity; c =

light velocity Hubble's law is V = H0 D and Hubble's constant is H0

**Where V is recessional velocity of expanding Universe and D is the distance of a distant galaxy and
**

H0 = 74.2 km/sec/mega parsec (Adam Reiss 2011 Nobel Prize winner)

The cosmological constant is: Г0= 2.036 x 10-35 sec-2 = [(T0/Ts) H0]2 (4 π/ n a) ½; Ts = 24hour

**General relativity: 1.934 x 10-35 sec-2 = [(8π/3)/ (2π) 1/2] [(Ts/T0) H0]2
**

Page 1

Introduction

A disc on a rotating spherical Earth has a circumference of 2π re and 2π re / re = 2 π.

Modern Nobel physicists and astronomers measurements were/are made in an inverse

square distance Newton's law and that would make the error 1/√ (2π). Modern Nobel

physicists and astronomers measure space distance vertically and that would make the

vertical error Sine-1[1/√ (2π)]. Modern Nobel physicists and astronomers use standard

time period Ts = 24 hours = 86400 seconds and not Earth's spin period Te = 86164

seconds and that bring the measurement error to (Te/ Ts) Sine-1[1/√ (2π)]. Modern

Nobel physicists and astronomers measure in air and not vacuum with air index of

refraction n a = 1.000293 brings the total measurement error to a value equals to:

Error 1is the celestial sphere: (1/ n a) (Te/ Ts) Sine-1[1/√ (2π)] = 23.44°

**This celestial sphere is a visual illusion or measurement error of spherical Earth
**

Page 2

**Newton's equation solution
**

F = -G m M/r2; r > 0

Physics Faculty wrong solution of ellipse, r (θ, 0) = a (1 - ε2)/ (1 + ε cosine θ)

Correct solution is a rotating ellipse, r (θ, t) = [a (1-ε²)/ (1+ ε cosine θ)] ℮ (λ + ì ω) t

Newton's equation in polar coordinates

F = m γ;

γ= [r" - r θ'²] r1 + [2 r' θ' + r θ"] θ1

With m (r" - r θ'²) = - Gm M/r2

Eq-1

And 2 r' θ' + r θ"= 0

Eq-2

**I - Real numbers or time independent solution
**

Eq-2: 2 r' θ' + r θ"= 0

Multiply by r> 0

Then 2 r r' θ' + r2 θ"= 0

Or, d (r²θ')/d t = 0

And integrating: r²θ' = h = constant

With m (r" - r θ'²) = - Gm M/r2

Then, (r" - r θ'²) = - GM/r2

Let u = 1/r; r = 1/u; r²θ' = h = θ’ /u²

And r' = d r/d t = (d r/ d u) (d u /d θ) (d θ/ d t)

= (- /u ²) (d u /d θ) θ'

= (-θ'/u ²) (d u /d θ)

= - h (d u/ d θ)

And r' = d r/d t = - h (d u/ d θ)

And r" = d² r/ d t² = d (d r'/ d t)/ d t

= d [- h (d u/ d θ)]/ d t

Multiply (d θ/ d θ)

Page 3

Then r" = d² r/ d t² = {d [- h (d u/ d θ)]/ d t} (d θ/ d θ)

= θ' {d [- h (d u/ d θ)]/ d θ}

= - h θ’ (d² u/ d θ ²)

= (- h²/r²) (d² u/ d θ ²)

= - h² u² (d² u/ d θ ²)

And r" = d² r/ d t² = - h² u² (d² u/ d θ ²)

With d² r/dt² - r θ'² = - G M/r2

Eq–1

And - h² u² (d² u/ d θ ²) – (1/u) (h u²) ² = - G M u2

Then (d² u/ d θ ²) + u = G M/h2

And u = G M/h2 + A cosine θ

The r = 1/u = 1/ (G M/h2 + A cosine θ); divide by G M/h2

And r = (h2/G M)/ [1 + (A h2/G M) cosine θ]

With; h2/G M = a (1 - ε2); (A h2/G M) = ε

This is Newton's equation classical solution

Or, r = a (1 - ε2)/ (1 + ε cosine θ); definition of an ellipse ------------- I

Newton's time independent solution

II - Real time or complex numbers solution :

Newton's equation in polar coordinates

F = m γ;

γ= [r" - r θ'²] r1 + [2 r' θ' + r θ"] θ1

With m (r" - r θ'²) = - Gm M/r2

Eq-1

And 2 r' θ' + r θ"= 0

Eq-2

Eq-2: 2 r' θ' + r θ"= 0

Separate the variables: 2 r' θ' = - r θ"

Or 2(r'/r) = - (θ"/θ') = - 2 (λ + í ω)

Then: (r'/r) = λ + í ω

Page 4

Or d r/r = (λ + í ω) d t

Then r = r 0 ℮ (λ + ì ω) t

And r = r (θ, 0) r (0, t); r 0 = r (θ, 0)

And r = r (θ, 0) ℮ (λ + ì ω) t

And r (0, t) = ℮ (λ + ì ω) t

With r (θ, 0) = a (1 - ε2)/ (1 + ε cosine θ)

Then, r (θ, t) = [a (1-ε²)/ (1+ε cosine θ)] ℮ (λ + ì ω) t ------------- I

Newton's time dependent solution = quantum mechanics

If time is frozen that is t = 0

Then r (θ, 0) = a (1-ε²)/ (1+ε cosine θ) or classical

Relativistic is the difference between I and Real II

With - (θ"/θ') = - 2 (λ + í ω)

Then θ' = θ'0 ℮ -2 (λ + ì ω) t

With θ'0 = h/ [r (θ, 0)] 2

And θ'(θ, t) = [θ' (θ, 0)] ℮ -2 (λ + ì ω) t

And, θ'(θ, t) = θ' (θ, 0) θ' (0, t)

And θ' (0, t) = ℮ -2 (λ + ì ω) t

At Perihelion:

We Have θ' (0, 0) = h (0, 0)/r² (0, 0) = 2πab/ τ0 a² (1- ε) ²;

= 2πa² [√ (1- ε²)]/

= 2π [√ (1- ε²)]/

Then θ'(0, t) = 2

τ0a² (1- ε) ²]

τ0 (1- ε) ²]

π √ [(1- ε²)/ τ0 (1- ε) ²] ℮ -2 (λ + ì ω) t

With λ= 0

Page 5

τ0 = orbital period

Then θ'(0, t) = 2

π √ [(1-ε²)/ τ0 (1-ε) ²] ℮ -2 (λ + ì ω) t

= 2 π √ [(1-ε²)/ τ0 (1- ε) ²] (cosine 2 ω t - ỉ sine 2 ω t)

Real θ'(0, t) = 2

π √ [(1- ε²)/ τ0 (1-ε) ²] cosine 2 ω t

Real θ'(0, t) = 2

π √ [(1-ε²)/ τ0 (1-ε) ²] (1 - 2sine² ω t)

Naming θ' = θ'(0, t); θ'0 = 2

Then θ' = 2

π √ [(1-ε²)/ τ0 (1-ε) ²]

π √ [(1- ε²)/ τ0 (1- ε) ²] (1 - 2 sine² ω t)

And θ' = θ'0 (1 - 2 sine² ω t)

And θ' - θ'0 = - 2 θ'0 sine² ω t = -2{2

And θ' - θ'0 = -4

π √ [(1-ε²)/ τ0 (1-ε) ²]} sine² ω t

π √ [(1-ε²)/ τ0 (1-ε) ²] sine² ω t

**With, v ° = spin velocity; v0 = orbital velocity; τ0 = orbital period
**

And ω τ0= tan-1 [(v° + v0)/c]; light aberrations

Δ θ' = θ' - θ'0

= - 4 π √ [(1-ε²)]/

τ0 (1-ε) ²] sine² tan-1 [(v° + v0)/c] radians per τ0

**In degrees per period is multiplication by 180/
**

Δ θ' = (-720) √ [(1-ε²)/

π

τ0 (1-ε) ²] sine² tan-1 [(v° + v0)/c]

**The angle difference in degrees per period is: Δ θ = (Δ θ') τ0
**

Δ θ = (-720) √ [(1-ε²)/ (1-ε) ²] sine² tan-1 [(v° + v0)/c] calculated in degrees per century is

multiplication = 100 τ;

**τ = Earth orbital period = 100 x 365.26 = 36526 days and dividing by
**

using τ0 in days: Δ θ (100 τ / τ0) = Δ θ in degrees per century

= (-72000 τ /

τ0) √ [(1-ε²)/ (1-ε) ²] sine² tan-1 [(v° + v0)/c]

**In arc second per century is multiplying by 3600
**

Δ θ = - 3600 x 720 (100

τ / τ0) √ [(1-ε²)/ (1-ε) ²] x Sine² tan-1 [(v° + v0)/c]

Page 6

Approximations I

With v° << c and v* << c

Then Sine² tan-1 [(v°+ v0)/c] ≈ (v° + v0)/c

Δ θ (Calculated in arc second per century)

= (-720x36526x3600/

τ0 days) √ [(1-ε²)/ (1-ε) ²] [(v° + v0)/c] ²

Approximations II

The circumference of an ellipse

Is: 2

π a (1 - ε²/4 + 3/16(ε²)²- --.) ≈ 2 π a (1- ε²/4); r0 = a (1- ε²/4)

**From Newton's laws for a circular orbit:
**

F = [M/m F = - Gm M/r02 = m v0²/ r0

Then v0² = GM/ r0; for planet Mercury

And v0 = √ [GM/ r] = √ [GM/a (1-ε²/4)]

G = 6.673 x 10 -11; M = 2 x1030 kg; a = 58.2 x 109 meters; ε = 0.206

Then v0 = √ [6.673 x 10 -11 x 2 x1030 /58.2 x 109 (1- 0.206 ²/4)]

And v0 = 48.14 km/sec [Mercury]; c = 300,000

Δ θ (Calculated in arc second per century)

= (-720x36526x3600/

τ0 days) √ [(1-ε²)/ (1-ε) ²] [(v° + v0)/c] ²

**With ε = 0.206; √ [(1-ε²)/ (1-ε) ²] = 1.552; v° = 3 meters per second
**

Δ θ = (-720x36526x3600/88) 1.552 (48.143/300,000) ²

Δ θ = 43 arc second per century

Summary

= (-720x36526x3600/

τ0 days) √ [(1-ε²)/ (1-ε) ²] [(v° + v0)/c] ²

**= (-720x36526x3600/88) 1.552 (48.143/300,000) ²
**

= 43 arc second per century; 8 arc second per century for Venus; v =41.26

Page 7

**Or, r = a (1 - ε2)/ (1 + ε cosine θ); definition of an ellipse
**

Rotating ellipse, r (θ, t) = [a (1-ε²)/ (1+ε cosine θ)] ℮ (λ + ì ω) t ------------- I

**1 = 1 is self evident; 2 = 2 is self evident
**

A = A is self evident; B = B is self evident

Or B = B; add and subtract A

A = B + (B - A); divide by A

(A/B) = 1 + (A - B)/B; multiply by D

(A/B) D = D + [(A - B)/B] D --------------------------------- Equation - 1

C = C is self evident; D = D is self evident

Or C = C; add and subtract D

C = D + (C - D) ----------------------------------------------- Equation - 2

Comparing equations 1 and 2 yields, (1) AC = BD; (2) D = D; and (3)

C - D = [(A - B)/B] D

Or (C - D)/D = (A - B)/B

Or Δ D/D = Δ B/B; Divide by Δ t

(1/D) (Δ D/ Δ t) = (1/B) (Δ B/ Δ t)

Limit [(1/D) (Δ D/ Δ t)] = Limit [(1/B) (Δ B/ Δ t)] = (λ + í ω)

Δ t --- 0

Δ t --- 0

Page 8

Or, d B/B = (λ + í ω) d t

Or, B = B0 e (λ + í ω) t = A e (λ + í ω) t

B = A e (λ + í ω) t

Distance is A; real time distance is B = A e

(λ + í ω) t

**Or in general real time distance is r = r0 e (λ + í ω) t
**

With θ' = θ'0 ℮ -2 (λ + ì ω) t

Or, θ' = θ'0 ℮ -2 λ t ℮+ 2ì ω t

And θ' = θ' x + í θ' y = θ'0 ℮ -2 λ t [cosine 2 ω t + ì cosine 2 ω t]

Along the line of sight θ' x = θ'0 ℮ -2 λ t cosine 2 ω t

And θ' x = θ'0 ℮ -2 λ t [1- 2 sine 2 ω t]

With θ' x = 2π/T; θ'0 = 2π/T0

[(2π/T) - (2π/T0)] = - (4π/T0) ℮ -2 λ t sine 2 ω t

With ℮ -2 λ t = √ (2 π); wt = arc tan (v/c)

[(2π/T) - (2π/T0)] = (4π/T0) √ (2 π) sine 2 arc tan (v/c)

Hubble's constant H0 = 74.2 km/second per mega parsec

1 parsec = [360x60x60/2 π] x149 598, 000,000

1 mega parsec = [360x60x60/2 π] x149 598, 000,000 x 1,000,000

74.2 km/sec per mega parsec

**H0 = 74,200 / {[360x60x60/2 π] x149 598, 000,000 x 1,000,000} = 2.4 x 10-18 sec-1
**

H0 = (4π/T0) √ (2 π) sine 2 arc tan (v/c)

T0 = Earth orbital period 365.251 days; v = Earth's spin velocity = 464.581 m/sec; c= light

velocity = 299792458 m/sec

**H0 = [(2π/T) - (2π/T0)] = (4π/T0) √ (2 π) sine 2 arc tan (v/c)
**

Page 9

= (4π/365.251 x 86164.0989) √ (2 π) sine 2 arc tan (464.581/299792458)

**≈ (4π/365.251) √ (2 π) (464.581/299792458) 2 = 2.4 x 10-18
**

= 74.197km/sec/mega parsec = 74.2 km/sec/mega parsec

F = -G m M/r2; r > 0

Conclusion I: Edwin Hubble made the following errors

1- Real time measurements r = r0 e (λ + í ω) t; θ' = θ'0 ℮ -2 (λ + ì ω) t

2- Spherical error √ (2 π)

3- Measured = H0 = [(2π/T) - (2π/T0)] ≈ √ (2 π) (4π/T0) (v/c) 2

**H0 is an orbital unit of time and when squared it doubles the orbital factor of not 2π but
**

4π and in a square the error is √ (4π) = 2 √ (π)

= (T0/Ts) 2 [2 √ (π)] (2.4 x 10-18)2 = 2.036 x10-35 sec-2

T0 = 86264.0989 seconds of earth spin; and Ts = 24 hours = 86400 seconds

Conclusion II: look for 2.036 x10-35 sec-2 as cosmological constant

And not 1.934 x 10-35 sec-2; the difference is Einstein uses 8π/3 and actual is (2π) 1/2

Relativity theory is based on time travel and time travel is not any science

All rights reserved

1- Adam Reiss a redetermination of Hubble's constant 2009

Page 10

- Augustine De Coulomb 1785 error of light
- Ole Roemer 1676 light constant velocity hypothesis historical mistake
- The scientifc extermination of the scientifc west
- The Mathematical Construction of Newton's Gravitational Constant
- Cavendiah 1798 Earth's Density Historical Mistake
- Isaac Newton's public E-mail to Prince Charles of wales
- Albert Einstein 1905 E = mc2 historical mistake
- Alfred Nobel Mafia Code E = mc2 and E = h ν
- Nobel Physicist Erwin Schrödinger under investigation
- Wave - Particle Duality Illusion Solution
- Dumbest Time Physicist on Campus Dr Sean Carroll
- Light Constant Velocity Puzzle Solution
- The Mathematical Construction of the Speed of Light
- CERN Dario Hutiero 20 Meters Faster Than the Speed of Light Error IV
- The Mathematical Construction of the Speed of Sound
- Physics embedded error of fine structure constant
- NASA knows nothing about space II
- NASA knows nothing about space
- Avogadro's number is one of many of Cavendish's experimental error
- Earth's Axial Tilt of 23.4393 Illusion
- Clock Synchronization Solution of Mercury's Perihelion
- Faster Than the Speed of Light Puzzle Solution III
- Fine Structure constant and Mercury's Perihelion solution
- CERN 20 meters error faster than the speed of light puzzle solution II

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UsefulNot usefulThe cosmological constant can be derived from Newton's equation contrary to what Nobel physicists have/had to say about it

The cosmological constant can be derived from Newton's equation contrary to what Nobel physicists have/had to say about it

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