0 Up votes0 Down votes

7 views5 pagesMay 15, 2012

© Attribution Non-Commercial (BY-NC)

DOC, PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd

Attribution Non-Commercial (BY-NC)

7 views

Attribution Non-Commercial (BY-NC)

- The Law of Explosive Growth: Lesson 20 from The 21 Irrefutable Laws of Leadership
- Hidden Figures: The American Dream and the Untold Story of the Black Women Mathematicians Who Helped Win the Space Race
- Hidden Figures Young Readers' Edition
- The E-Myth Revisited: Why Most Small Businesses Don't Work and
- Micro: A Novel
- The Wright Brothers
- The Other Einstein: A Novel
- State of Fear
- State of Fear
- The Power of Discipline: 7 Ways it Can Change Your Life
- The Kiss Quotient: A Novel
- Being Wrong: Adventures in the Margin of Error
- Algorithms to Live By: The Computer Science of Human Decisions
- The 6th Extinction
- The Black Swan
- The Art of Thinking Clearly
- The Last Battle
- Prince Caspian
- A Mind for Numbers: How to Excel at Math and Science Even If You Flunked Algebra
- The Theory of Death: A Decker/Lazarus Novel

You are on page 1of 5

Empty space [Times New Roman 11p, single space]

Empty space [Times New Roman 11p, single space]

Empty space [Times New Roman 11p, single space]

SCIENTIFIC BULLETIN OF

THE POLITEHNICA UNIVERSITY OF TIMISOARA, ROMANIA

TRANSACTIONS ON MECHANICS

BULETINUL TIINIFIC AL

UNIVERSITII POLITEHNICA DIN TIMIOARA, ROMNIA

SERIA MECANIC

Tom 53 (67) ISSN 1224 - 6077 Fasc. z, 2008

Empty space [Times New Roman 11p, single space]

Empty space [Times New Roman 11p, single space]

IDENTIFICATION OF A MODIFIED VAN DER POL

VIBRATING SYSTEM

Empty space [Times New Roman 11p, single space]

Dan Viorel STNESCU

*

, Prof. PhD. Eng. Liviu BERETEU

**

, Prof. PhD. Gheorghe Eugen

DRGNESCU

***

*

Department of Mechanics, Polytechnic University of Timioara, Bd. M. Viteazul, Nr. 1, 300222 - Timioara,

Romania, e-mail: dstanescu17@gmail.com

**

e-mail: bereteu@mec.upt.ro

***

e-mail: ghed@mec.upt.ro

Empty space [Times New Roman 11p, single space]

Abstract. In this paper it is presented the use of harmonic balance method to the parameter identification of nonlinear

vibrating systems. Finally the method is applied to identify the parameters of a modified van der Pol oscillator from

periodic vibrations.

Empty space [Times New Roman 11p, single space]

Keywords: nonlinear, vibrations, van der Pol, identification, harmonic balance, periodic solution

Empty space [Times New Roman 11p, single space]

Empty space [Times New Roman 11p, single space]

1. Introduction

This paper shows an application to system

identification using the harmonic balance method.

This is a frequency domain identification method

which we use in this paper on a modified van der

Pol forced vibrating system [1,2]. This kind of

system has a strong non-linear behaviour.

Empty space [Times New Roman 11p, single]

2. Problem description

The system is described by the equation

[3,4]:

t F x kx x x x m sin sin ) 1 (

0

2

+ + +

(1)

where and are positive parameters, m is the

system mass, k is the elastic constant, F

0

is the

amplitude of the disturbing force and is the

pulse of this force.

While developing in Fourier series all the

terms of the equation (1) and segregating the

equation for the same order terms in cos(kt) an

sin(kt), we obtain for the constant term:

0

0 0 0

+ + e k a c (2)

and for k=1 the relations for cos and sin terms:

0

1 1 1 1

2

+ + + e k a c m a (3)

0 1 1 1 1

2

F f k b d m b + + + (4)

for k > 1:

0

2 2

+ + +

k k k k

e k a c m a k (5)

0

2 2

+ + +

k k k k

f k b d m b k (6)

We can build an equation system

introducing the column matrix of the coefficients

to be identified and the n x 1 matrix:

'

'

0

...

0

0

0

,

0

F

F

k

m

X

(7)

and also the n x 4 matrix:

'

n n n n

n n n n

f b d b k

e a c a k

f b d b

e a c a

f b d b

e a c a

e a c

A

2 2

2 2

2 2 2 2

2

2 2 2 2

2

1 1 1 1

2

1 1 1 1

2

0 0 0

... ... ... ...

4

4

0

(8)

The identification equation is:

AX = F (9)

which is overdetermined.

Exists two ways to solve the equation:

a) we build a 4 x 4 type A matrix for lines 1,2,3

and a line where spectra component has a

significant size. In this case the solution is:

F A X

1

(10)

b) as overdetermined system, in the case that

many harmonic components are significant. We

will build the matrices with these components, the

solution being:

) ( ) (

1

F A A A X

t t

(11)

where A

t

is the transposed A.

Empty space [Times New Roman 11p, single]

3. Method and results

In order to verify the method, instead of

real van der Pol system response, we will

numerically solve the equation (1), for given

values of the parameters m, , k, and for known

disturbing force amplitude F

0

and pulsation .

The solving was made in Mathcad using the

Runge-Kutta method.

We choose the parameters:

m=1 kg, =1 s/m

3

, k=40 N/m, =5 N

and also:

F

0

=50 N, =1 Hz, =6.283 s

-1

.

The solution was set in N points in time

interval t [0,T], with a sampling frequency

,

where:

N=10001, t[0,T], T=100 s,

=(N-1)/T=100 Hz.

The following figures presents the

elongation diagram, speed diagram, acceleration

diagram, elastic force sin(x(t)) diagram, and

damping force (x

2

(t)-1)v(t) diagram:

Figure 1 x(t) diagram

Figure 2 v(t) diagram

Figure 3 a(t) diagram

Figure 4 sin(x(t)) diagram

2

Figure 5 (x

2

(t)-1)v(t) diagram

We will denote the Fourier transforms of

the next signals:

X()=F{x(t)}

V()=F{v(t)}

A()=F{a(t)}

S()=F{sinx(t)}

D()=F{(x

2

(t)-1)v(t)}

which are complex functions. In the next figures

are represented the real and imaginary parts of

those functions. From the spectra inspection we

observe that exists continuous components,

corresponding to free response of the system and

some spectral lines corresponding to the forced or

harmonic response. To be denoted that the

excitation force has the frequency =1 Hz, while

in the spectra appears lines corresponding to odd

harmonics 3, 5, ...

Figure 6 Real X()

Figure 7 Imaginary X()

Figure 8 Real V()

Figure 9 Imaginary V()

Figure 10 Real A()

Figure 11 Imaginary A()

3

Figure 12 Real S()

Figure 13 Imaginary S()

Figure 14 Real D()

Figure 15 Imaginary D()

Because the spectra are containing

continuous components, to solve the identification

equation (9), these components are not taken from

spectra. The Fourier coefficients was computed

from the next relations in discrete form, using the

last periods of the signals, from which the non-

periodic components of the free response are

missing:

T

k

dt t k t x

T

a

0

) cos( ) (

1

k=0,...,n

T

k

dt t k t x

T

b

0

) sin( ) (

1

k=1,...,n

T

k

dt t k t x t x

T

c

0

2

) cos( ) ( ) 1 ) ( (

1

k=0,...,n

T

k

dt t k t x t x

T

d

0

2

) sin( ) ( ) 1 ) ( (

1

k=1,...,n

T

k

dt t k t x

T

e

0

) cos( )) ( sin(

1

k=0,...,n

T

k

dt t k t x

T

f

0

) sin( )) ( sin(

1

k=1,...,n

The values are presented in:

Table 1

n 0 1 3 5

an -

0.0003462

-1.8093387 0.0296120 0.00929345

bn 0 -

0.0528224

6

0.10576129 -0.0051819

cn 0.0031465 1.4034119 7.5567196 9.6587449

dn 25.389328 0 33.357766 -4.6354059

en 3.814791e-

5

-0.091243 0.379099 -0.10385

fn 0 -0.072367 -0.0027944 -0.0575653

We can restrain the equation system to the

form:

1

1

1

1

1

]

1

3 3 3 3

2 2

3 3 3 3

2 2

1 1 1 1

2

1 1 1 1

2

3

3

f b d b

e a c a

f b d b

e a c a

A

'

k

m

X

'

0

0

0

0

F

F

4

Using F

0

=25 and the values in Table 1

results:

Table 2

m k

0.9990379 0.9990576 39.9788731 4.89893907

Empty space [Times New Roman 11p, single]

4. Conclusions

The results are very close to the initial

parameters of the system.

Empty space [Times New Roman 11p, single]

Acknowledgement

This work was partially supported by the

strategic grant POSDRU 6/1.5/S/13, (2008) of the

Ministry of Labor, Family and Social Protection,

Romania, co-financed by the European Social

Fund - Investing in People.

References

Empty space [Times New Roman 11p, single]

1. Belendez, A., Hernandez, T.: Application of the

harmonic balance method to a nonlinear oscillator

typified by a mass attached to a stretched wire.

Journal of Sound and Vibration, 302, February

2007, p.1018-1029, ISSN: 0022-460X, Elsevier

2. Mickens, R.: Investigation of the properties of the

period for the nonlinear oscillator. Journal of Sound

and Vibration, 292, May 2006, p.1031-1035, ISSN:

0022-460X, Elsevier

3. Marinca, V., Draganescu, G.: Construction of

approximate periodic solutions to a modified van der

Pol oscillator. Nonlinear Analysis: Real World

Applications, Vol. 11, Issue 5, October 2010,

p.4355-4362, ISSN: 1468-1218, Elsevier

4. Mickens, R.,: Truly Nonlinear Oscillations. World

Scientific, ISBN: 981-4291-65-X, Singapore, 2010

5. Alwyn, S.,: Encyclopedia of Nonlinear Science.

Taylor & Francis, ISBN: 1-57958-385-7, New

York,2005

6. Peng, Z., Lang, Z., Billings, S., Tomlinson, G.:

Comparisons between harmonic balance and

nonlinear output frequency response function in

nonlinear system analysis. Journal of Sound and

Vibration, Vol. 311, Issues 1-2, March 2008, p.56-

73, ISSN: 0022-460X, Elsevier

Identificarea unui sistem vibrant de tip van der

Pol modificat

Empty space [Times New Roman 11p, single]

Rezumat

In acest articol este prezentata metoda balantei

armonice la identificarea parametrilor sistemelor

vibrante neliniare. In final metoda este aplicata la

identificarea parametrilor unui oscillator van der Pol

modificat din vibratii periodice.

Empty space [Times New Roman 11p, single]

Empty space [Times New Roman 11p, single]

Scientific reviewers: Ioan BICA

*

, West University of Timisoara

Adrian CHIRIAC

**

, Polytechnic University of Timisoara

5

- Spectral AnalysisUploaded byPrasanth Rajendiran
- Time-frequency distributions-a review.pdfUploaded byAhmed Rashed
- ReportUploaded byHuynh Thanh Anh
- 02-0118Uploaded byRyan Rakhmat Setiadi
- <HTML><HEAD> <TITLE>Refresh</TITLE> </HEAD> <BODY> <FONT face="Helvetica"> <big><strong></strong></big><BR> </FONT> <blockquote> <TABLE border=0 cellPadding=1 width="80%"> <TR><TD> <FONT face="Helvetica"> <big>Refresh (dynamic_bypass_reload)</big> <BR> <BR> </FONT> </TD></TR> <TR><TD> <FONT face="Helvetica"> Click <a href="">here</a> if you are not automatically redirected. </FONT> </TD></TR> <TR><TD> <FONT face="Helvetica"> </FONT> </TD></TR> <TR><TD> <FONT face="Helvetica" SIZE=2> <BR> For assistance, contact your network support team. </FONT> </TD></TR> </TABLE> </blockquote> </FONT> </BODY></HTML>Uploaded bywkx984
- Nicholson Ross extraction methodUploaded byTom Sebastian
- AppendixUploaded bykarlTronxo
- Sem.org IMAC XX Conf S38P09 on Various Specialized Vibration Techniques Detection Bearing FaultsUploaded byHussein Razaq
- 00599999Uploaded bydearprasanta6015
- AAB37E28d01Uploaded byseanr_scribd
- Soil Damping Formulation in Nonlinear Time Domain Site Response Analysis (Park, Hashash, 2003)Uploaded byEderEnzoTapiaBañez
- D 4728 - 01 _RDQ3MJG_Uploaded byHuỳnh TG
- 17-PILLUploaded byapi-3733260
- Kyle, Sreenivasan - The Instability and Breakdown of a Round Variable-Density Jet (1993)Uploaded byAryce_
- Literature ReviewUploaded byPartha Bhowmik
- TE 2003 InstrumentationControlUploaded byShaharukh Nadaf
- 552_Notes_6bUploaded bycfisicaster
- Ghose2002Uploaded byjonjonmax
- Understanding RF Circuits With Multisim 10Uploaded bycosmospu
- 06324707Uploaded byAlex Yang
- TI_PROGNOST®-Predictor_User Manual_A4_03_ENUploaded byVentas Y Compras Mina
- Sfa Fpso Guide e Feb14Uploaded bydhana_benz
- Stochastic_and_deterministic_seismic_inversion_met.pdfUploaded byDaniel Mauricio Rojas Caro
- Unlock Nice LabUploaded byriponkumar
- Boore - Using Pad-stripped Acausally Filtered Strong-motionUploaded byubacyt
- 03-2_ProfSvcs_SpectrumSurvey(JAN2008)Uploaded byJason2017
- RSPMatch2005 Manual V1Uploaded byunreachable_UK
- PLAT_AZ_v01.1 - copiaUploaded bysoylomasgrandes
- Holmlund y Lundström - 2001 - Mechanical Impedance of the Sitting Human Body inUploaded bycarolain_ms
- Workbook 2005Uploaded byshibeeshak_897835353

- C++ Lesson LISTUploaded byVenkata Rao Naidu
- Practical Finite Element Analysis~Nitin GokhaleUploaded by700spymaster007
- Calculo VectorialUploaded byosiris yair
- MS PAINT THEORYUploaded byAmirul Islam
- PP 2 marksUploaded bymrmanojgopi
- 209961919-DesignUploaded bynvnv
- f 20130617 Chak Krit 46Uploaded byKirti Durhan
- Information (Students)Uploaded byFaez Feakry
- nullUploaded byapi-25931785
- Gambarotta Lagomarsino EESD 1997 I.pdfUploaded bysadi1988
- 2 Indexing (61)Uploaded byteddy demissie
- Centripetal Forces ReviewUploaded byMark Jason
- Data Modeling DBMSUploaded byjames40440
- badrCES5-8-2014Uploaded bySaurabh Mishra
- H.K. Moffatt- Corner flow : a classical problem with a new twistUploaded byVortices3443
- LogsUploaded byGopu Thalikunnath
- 1 - Introduction to UPV - Dave CorbettUploaded bydimitrios25
- Algorithmic Filtering. Computational Journalism week 4Uploaded byJonathan Stray
- Design Calculation for Rod Sucker Pumps Systems (American National Standard)Uploaded byDario Pederiva
- fpsyg-05-00036.pdfUploaded byMarta Paraschiv
- Decision_Trees_Cheat_Sheet.pdfUploaded bybhavin
- Epso Numerical ReasoningUploaded byarxontia
- HW Starter Manual March HresolutionUploaded byCharan Kumar
- Thin-walled Pressure Vessel TheoryUploaded byondoy4925
- QSARINSJCC13Uploaded byRudolf Kiralj
- Week 3 Lab 1 + answerUploaded byAbdul Rahman Syahier
- MySQL QueriesUploaded bySendhil Kumar
- Intermediate Algebra Learning TargetsUploaded byhasenbaj
- XI Commerce Guess Paper for the HSC Exam 2013Uploaded byjcitms_edu
- Soil Nailing.pdfUploaded byRonald De Guzman

## Much more than documents.

Discover everything Scribd has to offer, including books and audiobooks from major publishers.

Cancel anytime.